When Congress Voted

The Watergate Affair
The Watergate Affair
The Watergate Affair The Watergate affair was the most significant scandal in United States governmental history. Watergate is defined as a scandal involving abuse of power by public officials, violation of the public trust, and attempted obstruction of justice. The Watergate scandal is named after the building complex in Washington D.C., which was the site of the illegal activities that took place in 1972. In this essay I will explain what Watergate was, a few of the key players (many too nume
In my reading of A Narrative of the Life of Mrs Mary Jemison written b
In my reading of A Narrative of the Life of Mrs Mary Jemison written b
In my reading of A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison, written by James E. Seaver and edited by June Namias, I discovered many things I did not know about not only the Seneca Indians, but also the other Iroquois tribes within upstate New York. I enjoyed the perspective this book gives the reader. The story is told from someone that was introduced to the Indians, not as an original member of the tribe, but from someone that was captured by these Indians at an early age and assimilated in
Why Presidentialism is Undesirable in a Newly Founded Democracy Brazil
Why Presidentialism is Undesirable in a Newly Founded Democracy Brazil
Why Presidentialism is Undesirable in a Newly Founded Democracy: Brazil's Struggle to Liberalize Brazil's transformation from an authoritarian regime to a presidential democracy was a slow and faltered attempt. From the early suggestions of democratic development, there were both administrations that contributed to democratic growth, as well as administrations that opposed this liberalization. This led to an instability in the Brazilian form of democratic government, their economy, and their po
WATERGATE
WATERGATE
WATERGATE President Ricmard M. Nixon is refereed to as one of the most controversial presidents in the history of the United States of America. He is synonymous with this title, because of his involvement in the great Watergate scandal. It all started with the election of 1972, Nixon's bid for a second term of presidency. In his attempt at re-election, Nixon took on a different strategy than any other re-election campaign of the past. Instead of using the usual Republican National Committee f
PROPOSITION 218
PROPOSITION 218
PROPOSITION 218 Introduction California voters have spoken again. On November 6, they passed (56%) Proposition 218, marking the continued fiscal conservatism of the state's electorate and their frustration with what has been characterized as the arrogance and inefficiency of government. (SF Chronicle Staff, SF Chronicle: 11/6/96). As Bob Therrien of Ventura stated in his letter to the LA Times Prop 13 and Prop 218 are the direct result of taxpayer abuse by our elected officials. Its time for g
Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson The year was 1824. The election of this year was very unusual because of the number of candidates running for president. One of the candidates was Andrew Jackson, or “Old Hickory” as they called him, a general that had won the Battle of New Orleans(which was a battle not needed) in the War of 1812. Jackson became a hero after this war, and it would bring him all the way to the presidency. Another one of the candidates was John Quincy Adams. The son of John Adams, the second presid
John Muir's Trail in History
John Muir's Trail in History
John Muir's Trail in History John Muir was a man of great importance in the history of the United States and in the preservation of it's beauty. His tireless efforts to protect natural wonders such as Yosemite Valley demonstrated his undying love for the outdoors. Muir took a stand against the destructive side of civilization in a dauntless battle to save America's forest lands. The trail of preservation that Muir left behind has given countless numbers of people the opportunity to experience na
Homosexuals A Suspect Class
Homosexuals A Suspect Class
Homosexuals: A Suspect Class? The struggle for minority protection by lesbians and gay men has moved to the center of American life at the outset of the 1990's. It is almost certain that lesbian and gay issues will be a more eminent aspect of the public consciousness and American political scene in the coming decade than in any other time in American history. Policy changes early in Bill Clinton's administration created a heated debate over the military presence of gays and lesbians, several sta
Haig v Agee Power to Revoke Passports
Haig v Agee Power to Revoke Passports
Haig v. Agee: Power to Revoke Passports Whether a passport can be revoked or not has been a major question since the mid- 1800's. Haig v. Agee is a landmark Supreme Court case charging that the Secretary of State can not revoke a passport on the grounds that the power has never been granted by the Congress to the Secretary, and that revoking a passport violates the first and fifth amendments of the Constitution of the United States. Not only does the Secretary of State have implied powers, but r
Gun Control
Gun Control
Gun Control Government 2301 02 November 1996 A Well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms , shall not be infringed. Amendment II, Bill of Rights Constitution of the U.S. The Second Amendment has been a major issue in American politics since 1876. In question is the intent of this Amendment. Was it meant to insure that people in general have arms for personal service, or was it intended to insure arms for military service
The Political Career of Richard Nixon
The Political Career of Richard Nixon
The Political Career of Richard Nixon 1. Nixon's Beginning in Politics 2. Emergence in National Politics A. The Hiss Case B. Nixon's Political Obituary C. Resurgence as a presidential candidate 3. The 37th President A. Nixon's Appointment's B. Foreign Policy 1. Nixon's plans for Europe 2. Vietnam C. Domestic Policy 4. Nixon's Second Administration A. Reelection B. Watergate A few weeks after the United States entered World War II a young man named Richard Nixon went to Washington, D.C. In Januar
The Brady Bill
The Brady Bill
The Brady Bill Introduction The legislative process in the United States Congress shows us an interesting drama in which a bill becomes a law through compromises made by diverse and sometimes conflicting interests in this country. There have been many controversial bills passed by Congress, but among all, I have taken a particular interest in the passage of the Brady bill. When the Brady debate was in full swing in Congress about three years ago, I was still back in my country, Japan, where the
The Presidential Election of 1972
The Presidential Election of 1972
The Presidential Election of 1972 The Presidential election of 1972 had two strong candidates, President Richard Nixon and George McGovern. There were many issues which had a great deal of importance to the election. The Vietnam war and the stability of the economy at the time were two main factors. The election ended in one the largest political scandals in U.S. history, being the Watergate break-in, and cover-up, by President Richard Nixon. The Democratic party had a large selection of candida
US Foreign Policy Toward Jewish Refugees During 1933-1939
US Foreign Policy Toward Jewish Refugees During 1933-1939
U.S Foreign Policy Toward Jewish Refugees During 1933-1939 PART I HISTORICAL REVIEW AND ANALYSIS In reviewing the events which gave rise to the U.S.'s foreign policy toward Jewish refugees, we must identify the relevant factors upon which such decisions were made. Factors including the U.S. government's policy mechanisms, it's bureaucracy and public opinion, coupled with the narrow domestic political mindedness of President Roosevelt, lead us to ask; Why was the American government apathetic to
Term Limits For Legislators
Term Limits For Legislators
Term Limits For Legislators When the Constitution of the United States was adopted in 1789, it was without direction regarding term limits for legislators. At the time, professional politicians were unheard of, and the idea of someone serving for more than one or two terms was unlikely. So the Constitution did not formally address the issue of term limits, although it was understood that officeholders would limit themselves to one or two terms and then return to private life (1). With the advent
Illuminating the Path of Progress
Illuminating the Path of Progress
Illuminating the Path of Progress Thomas Alva Edison is the most famous inventor in American History. Edison designed, built, and delivered the electrical age. He started a revolution that would refocus technology, change life patterns, and create millions of jobs. He became famous for his scientific inventions, even though he was not a scientist. His real talent was his ability to clearly judge a problem and be persistent in experimenting. He was the master of the trial and error method. Thoma
Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor My report is about the attack on Pearl Harbor. In this report I will explain what happened and why it happened. So you know, Pearl Harbor is located on Oahu island, Hawaii. Pearl Harbor was the operating base of the U.S. Pacific Fleet. The Japanese pulled a surprise attack on the U.S. on December 7, 1941 at 7:50 A.M. during the beginning of World War II. On November 26 a powerful Japanese task force, under the command of vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo, left the Kuril Islands; on Decem
The Early Nineteenth Centory
The Early Nineteenth Centory
The Early Nineteenth Centory The early nineteenth century was an era of tremendous growth and change for the new nation. This is a thesis statement that will be proven true in my essay. And why don't I begin with one of our greatest presidents, Thomas Jefferson. On March fourth, 1801, Thomas Jefferson was elected President of the United States of America. Thomas Jefferson was a Republican. Republicans strongly supported farmers, and they wanted an agrarian nation. An agrarian nation means some
Women's Roles in the Revolution
Women's Roles in the Revolution
Women's Roles in the Revolution I. Women's Roles in the Revolution A. Family Enterprises 1. Women took over 2. Succeeded Despite a. inflation b. British Occupancy c. absence of important supplies 3. gave women self-confidence 4. proved that women could make a living by themselves B. Army Camps 1. Women came to be with soldiers a. were fed by military b. were cared for by military 2. The women: a. cooked b. cleaned c. sewed d. served as nurses e. were not treated specially 1. marched with men 2.
Important Presidential Elections
Important Presidential Elections
Important Presidential Elections Some of the most important presidential elections 1812 The election of 1812 consisted of a battle between James Madison, and De Witt Clinton. Madison had represented both Democratic and Republican beliefs, while Clinton was a Federalist. James Madison was born in Port Conway, Va., on March 16, 1751. A Princeton graduate, he joined the struggle for independence on his return to Virginia in 1771. He had been an active politician in the 1770s and 1780s. He was gre
The Civil War-1
The Civil War-1
the civil war During both the civil war and civil war reconstruction time periods, there were many changes going on in the Union. The Emancipation Proclamation, as well as legislation such as the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments, was causing a new awakening of democracy; while the renouncing of secession by the South marked a definite triumph for Nationalism. As well, the government was involved in altercations of its own. During reconstruction, the legislative and executive branc
Lincoln Abraham 1809-65 16th president of the United States 1861-65 wh
Lincoln Abraham 1809-65 16th president of the United States 1861-65 wh
Lincoln, Abraham (1809-65), 16th president of the United States (1861-65), who steered the Union to victory in the American Civil War and abolished slavery. Early Life Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, near Hodgenville, Kentucky, the son of Nancy Hanks and Thomas Lincoln, pioneer farmers. At the age of two he was taken by his parents to nearby Knob Creek and at eight to Spencer County, Indiana. The following year his mother died. In 1819 his father married Sarah Bush Johnston, a kindly wid
Daniel Webster
Daniel Webster
Daniel Webster   Daniel Webster contributed a large potion of the Civil War. To begin, he was born in Salisbury, New Hampshire on January 18, 1782. His parents were farmers so many people didn't know what to expect of him. Even though his parents were farmers, he still graduated from Dartmouth College in 1801. After he learned to be a lawyer, Daniel Webster opened a legal practice in Portsmouth, New Hampshire in 1807.   Webster quickly became an experienced and very good lawyer and a Federalist
In 1949 the most familiar scene in Argentina was the one played out al
In 1949 the most familiar scene in Argentina was the one played out al
In 1949 the most familiar scene in Argentina was the one played out almost daily at the Ministry of Labor in Buenos Aires. There, under the glare of camera lights, a former radio star and movie actress, now the most powerful woman in South America, would enter her office past a crush of adoring, impoverished women and children. Evita Peron, the wife of President Juan Peron, would sit at her desk and begin one of the great rituals of Peronism, the political movement she and her husband created.
To my amazement the Great Depression serves as a natural debating poin
To my amazement the Great Depression serves as a natural debating poin
To my amazement the Great Depression serves as a natural debating point that justifies or refutes various economic policies. The Great Depression and the New Deal are complex topics that are open to many interpretations. The Great Depression was the worst economic slump ever in U.S. history, and one which spread to virtually all of the industrialized world. Seeing the order in which events actually occurred dispels many myths about the Great Depression. One of the greatest of these myths is
William Jefferson Clinton was re-elected as president of the United St
William Jefferson Clinton was re-elected as president of the United St
William Jefferson Clinton was re-elected as president of the United States in 1996. During the last 4 years Bill has had a lot of problems e.g. Whitewater and sex-scandals. Whitewater is a summerhouse-area where Bill and especially his wife, Hillary, a couple of years ago, made some suspicious money-transactions. Right now the case against Hillary Clinton is pau¬ sed, but the judge thinks a breakthrough might come if a good friend of Hillary and Bill is proved guilty. If he is judged it will be
Censorship in Public Schools
Censorship in Public Schools
Censorship in Public Schools -A principal in a California high school bans five books written by Richard Brautigan because he thinks they might contain obscenities or offensive sexual references (Berger 59). -A Vermont high school librarian is forced to resign because she fought the school board's decision to remove Richard Price's The Wanderers, and to restrict the use of Stephen King's Carrie and Patrick Mann's Dog Day Afternoon (Jones 33). -An Indiana school board takes action that leads
The United States As A World Power: How Much Longer Will The US Be The
The United States As A World Power: How Much Longer Will The US Be The
The United States As A World Power: How Much Longer Will The US Be The Policeman of the World ? Juan Valdez The United States has been a super power for decades, and since America has always involved themselves in other countries' problems. Instead of isolationism, the country has practiced getting involved. Since the Monroe Presidency, America has been named the World's police force. Dispelling anarchists, and stopping coos, the united states portrays itself as the world protector. Since Monro
Many social changes that were addressed in the 1960s are still the
Many social changes that were addressed in the 1960s are still the
  Many social changes that were addressed in the 1960s are still the issues being confronted today. the '60s was a decade of social and political upheaval. in spite of all the turmoil, there were some positive results: the civil rights revolution, john f. Kennedy's bold vision of a new frontier, and the breathtaking advances in space, helped bring about progress and prosperity. however, much was negative: student and anti-war protest movements, political assassinations, and ghetto riots excited
During both the civil war and civil war reconstruction time periods th
During both the civil war and civil war reconstruction time periods th
During both the civil war and civil war reconstruction time periods, there were many changes going on in the Union.  The Emancipation Proclamation, as well as legislation such as the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments, was causing a new awakening of democracy; while the renouncing of secession by the South marked a definite triumph for Nationalism.  As well, the government was involved in altercations of its own.  During reconstruction, the legislative and executive branches eventua
Israel - The Presidential Brief
Israel - The Presidential Brief
Israel - The Presidential Brief The Current Situation In Israel And Palestine Israel is in a situation unlike any other country around the world. Israel has been fighting for its survival since it became a country in 1948. It is surrounded by hostile nations that want to destroy or at least diminish it. There is tremendous tension between the Palestine Liberation Members and Israeli officials and citizens. There have been peaceful rallies and bloody bus bombings. People in Israel today are unsu
Spain
Spain
Spain Spain, a country occupying the greater part of the Iberian Peninsula, and bounded on the north by the Bay of Biscay, France, and Andorra, and on the east by the Mediterranean Sea. The Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa are governed as provinces of Spain. Also, Spain administers two small exclaves in Morocco—Ceuta and Melilla. The area of Spain, including the African and insular territories, is 194,885 sq mi. Madrid is
THESIS ESSAY
THESIS ESSAY
THESIS ESSAY The early nineteenth century was an era of tremendous growth and change for the new nation. This is a thesis statement that will be proven true in my essay. And why don’t I begin with one of our greatest presidents, Thomas Jefferson. On March fourth, 1801, Thomas Jefferson was elected President of the United States of America. Thomas Jefferson was a Republican. Republicans strongly supported farmers, and they wanted an agrarian nation. An agrarian nation means some changes had to b
The Sedition Act
The Sedition Act
Word Count: 2107 The Sedition Act of 1798 For the first few years of Constitutional government, under the leadership of George Washington, there was a unity, commonly called Federalism that even James Madison (the future architect of the Republican Party) acknowledged in describing the Republican form of government-- “ And according to the degree of pleasure and pride we feel in being republicans, ought to be our zeal in cherishing the spirit and supporting the character of Federalists.” Althou
I Womens Roles in the Revolution
I Womens Roles in the Revolution
I. Women’s Roles in the Revolution A. Family Enterprises 1. Women took over 2. Succeeded Despite a. inflation b. British Occupancy c. absence of important supplies 3. gave women self-confidence 4. proved that women could make a living by themselves B. Army Camps 1. Women came to be with soldiers a. were fed by military b. were cared for by military 2. The women: a. cooked b. cleaned c. sewed d. served as nurses e. were not treated specially 1. marched with men 2. slept in the snow C. Women Sold
Whether a passport can be revoked or not has been a major question sin
Whether a passport can be revoked or not has been a major question sin
Whether a passport can be revoked or not has been a major question since the mid- 1800's. Haig v. Agee is a landmark Supreme Court case charging that the Secretary of State can not revoke a passport on the grounds that the power has never been granted by the Congress to the Secretary, and that revoking a passport violates the first and fifth amendments of the Constitution of the United States. Not only does the Secretary of State have implied powers, but revoking Agee's passport did not violate
The Watergate Scandal
The Watergate Scandal
The Watergate Scandal The Watergate Scandal was a series of crimes committed by the President and his staff, who were found to spied on and harassed political opponents, accepted illegal campaign contributions, and covered up their own misdeeds. On June 17, 1972, The Washington Post published a small story. In this story the reporters stated that five men had been arrested breaking into the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee. The headquarters was located in a Washington, D.C., bui
On August 2nd 1990 Iraq military forces invaded and occupied Kuwait Th
On August 2nd 1990 Iraq military forces invaded and occupied Kuwait Th
On August 2nd, 1990 Iraq military forces invaded and occupied Kuwait. The order was given by Iraq’s dictator-president Saddam Hussein. His aim was apparently to take control Kuwait’s oil reserves (despite its small size Kuwait is a huge oil producer; it has about 10 per cent of the world’s oil reserves). Iraq accused Kuwait of breaking agreements that limit oil production in the Middle East. According to Saddam Hussein, this brought down world oil prices severely and caused financial loss of bi
Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson 17th President of the United States Compiled & Presented by Someone Table of Contents Section 1- Early Life Birthplace & Family Apprenticeship Andrew moves to Tennessee Section 2- Rise to Power Debate Team Mayor of Greeneville State Legislature U.S. House of Representatives Governor of Tennessee U.S. Senate A Symbol of Southern Unionism Vice-President 17th President of the United States Section 3- Johnson and the Reconstruction Ten Percent Plan Virginia Plan North Carolina Plan A
It has been said that a country that goes through hard times will ofte
It has been said that a country that goes through hard times will ofte
It has been said that a country that goes through hard times, will often rebound and become stronger as time passes by. Guatemala is one of those countries. It may not be situated in an area of peace and wealth. It may not have the best medicine. It may not have enough of an army to defend its patriots. All in all, Guatemala has survived through the many hardships and warring and has come out as the stronger of the nations. Guatemala may not be the best of the best, but it has survived through
Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States, guided his country through the most devastating experience in its national history--the Civil War. He is considered by many historians to have been the greatest American president. Early Life Lincoln was born on Feb. 12, 1809, in a log cabin in Hardin (now Larue) County, Ky. Indians had killed his grandfather, Lincoln wrote, when he was laboring to open a farm in the forest in 1786; this tragedy left his father, Thomas
Thomas Jefferson third President of the United States was one of the m
Thomas Jefferson third President of the United States was one of the m
Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States, was one of the most brilliant men in history. His interests were boundless, and his accomplishments were great and varied. He was a philosopher, educator, naturalist, politician, scientist, architect, inventor, pioneer in scientific farming, musician, and writer, and was the foremost spokesmen for democracy in his day. He was born at Shadwell in Goochland County, Virginia on April 13, 1743, to Jane Randolph and Peter Jefferson. Jefferson G
John Quincy Adams was born in 1767 in Braintree now Quincy Massachuset
John Quincy Adams was born in 1767 in Braintree now Quincy Massachuset
John Quincy Adams was born in 1767 in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts, and was the second child of two children. He was the sixth president of the United States, and devoted his life to serving the people. Of the 81 years he lived, 50 were spent in public office. His service ended only with his death at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C. Adam’s career of public service was one of the most varied in the colonies. He served as a diplomat, senator, secretary of state, president, and, for t
LABOR IN AMERICA By Ira Peck Scholastic Inc The Industrial Revolution
LABOR IN AMERICA By Ira Peck Scholastic Inc The Industrial Revolution
LABOR IN AMERICA By Ira Peck (Scholastic Inc.) The Industrial Revolution was dawning in the United States. At Lowell, Massachusetts, the construction of a big cotton mill began in 1821. It was the first of several that would be built there in the next 10 years. The machinery to spin and weave cotton into cloth would be driven by water power. All that the factory owners needed was a dependable supply of labor to tend the machines. As most jobs in cotton factories required neither great strength n
Title The Contenders For the presidential election of 1856 the Democra
Title The Contenders For the presidential election of 1856 the Democra
Title: The Contenders For the presidential election of 1856, the Democrats nominated James Buchanan and John Breckenridge, the newly formed Republican party nominated John Fremont and William Drayton, the American [or Know-Nothing] party nominated former president Millard Fillmore and Andrew Donelson, and the Abolition Party nominated Gerrit Smith and Samuel McFarland. Buchanan started his political career as a state representative in Pennsylvania, was elected to the U.S. House of Representative
James Riddle Hoffa
James Riddle Hoffa
James Riddle Hoffa James Riddle Hoffa, the son of a coal driller, was born on 14th February, 1913. His father died when he was seven and in 1924, the family moved to Detroit. Hoffa left school at fourteen and worked as a department-store stock boy. An active trade unionist, in 1932, he led a strike at a Detroit grocery store. By the age of 37 he was chairman of the Central States Drivers Council in 1940 and two years was elected president of the Michigan Conference of Teamsters. In 1952 Hoffa be
1960s FRQ
1960s FRQ
1960’s FRQ After World War II, many beliefs and ideals were called into question in the United States. In particular, the span of years between 1954 and 1974 were years of doubt and turmoil. The conditions were ripe for a revolution. Socially, a counterculture was developed in opposition to a conformist mentality. Judicially, the Civil Rights Movement brought about changes in outdated laws that promoted racism and violence. Politically, however, things largely remained sung to the tune of conta
Analysis of the Constitution the United States
Analysis of the Constitution the United States
Analysis of the Constitution the United States The Constitution of the United States was essentially designed in order to better the United States government. The Preamble explains the precise purpose for why the document was created. It was formulated “in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity” (A-10). There are many distinc
Civil Rights Timeline Jan 15 1929 - Dec 21 1956Jan 15 1929 - Dr King i
Civil Rights Timeline Jan 15 1929 - Dec 21 1956Jan 15 1929 - Dr King i
Civil Rights Timeline: Jan. 15, 1929 - Dec. 21, 1956Jan. 15, 1929 - Dr. King is born - Born on Jan. 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Ga., he was the second of three children of the Rev. Michael (later Martin) and Alberta Williams King. Sept. 1, 1954 - Dr. King becomes pastor - In 1954, King accepted his first pastorate--the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Ala. He and his wife, Coretta Scott King, whom he had met and married (June 1953) while at Boston University. Dec. 1, 1955 - Rosa Parks defie
Franklin D Roosevelts Adminstration
Franklin D Roosevelts Adminstration
Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Adminstration DBQ: Analyze the responses of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s administration to the problems of the Great Depression. How effective were these responses? How did they change the role of the federal government? Roosevelt's Solutions to the Depression During FDR's administration, the social and economic climate was one of uncertainty of the future and hesitation to move forward. After the depression, people were afraid to invest their money back into the economy in fe