To Achieve Enlightenment

Constitutional Democracy
Constitutional Democracy
Constitutional Democracy The basic premise of a constitutional democracy is that government has rules and all of the people have voices. Through free and fair elections we elect candidates to represent us. The Constitution of the United States guarantees us the right to do this, and to live democratically. The framers attacked tyrannical government and advanced the following ideas: that government comes from below, not from above, and that it derives its powers from the consent of the governed;
Destructive ScienceAlthough science can advance and improve society sc
Destructive ScienceAlthough science can advance and improve society sc
Destructive Science Although science can advance and improve society, science can also destroy the people it was intended to serve. Scientists have long held the belief that sacrifice of a few is justified by the beneficial potential for the masses and therefore have traditionally used animals and even at times humans as the subject of experiments. Society itself has also predominantly accepted the scientist's view, and welcome new experiments, hoping for new scientific advances that will help
Buddha
Buddha
Buddha The word Buddha means enlightened one. It is used today as a title to the one who has given us more religious beliefs than almost any other human who lived in this world. However, he was not given this name at birth; he had to earn it for himself by undergoing long, hard hours of meditation and contemplation. Buddha has changed the lifestyles of many cultures with new, never-before asked questions that were explained by his search for salvation. He began an entirely new religion that d
Julie Gibson English 2 - Pre-AP
Julie Gibson English 2 - Pre-AP
Julie Gibson English 2 - Pre-AP QUOTATION COMMENTARY 1. (p. 18) The walls are cracked and water Water represents the mystery of creation, the runs upon them in thin threads without cycle of death, and rebirth. The color black sound, black and glistening as blood. is a color of mystery and the unknown. The Home of the Street Sweepers is a mystery to Equality. He doesn't understand why things happen. The water and the color black symbolize his felling towards this home. 2. (p. 18) It matters o
Period 4
Period 4
Period 4 12-4-95 English 2 Honors Siddhartha's Journey There are two parts to the main theme of this work. One part is that people can teach religious doctrine, but it may not lead one to find one's true inner self. The other part is that knowledge can be taught, but wisdom comes from experience. The main character, Siddhartha, came to understand these things during his glorious journey to find spiritual enlightenment in the book Siddhartha by Hermann Hesse. In order to find his self, Siddh
The Subjectivity of the Character Safie in Frankenstein
The Subjectivity of the Character Safie in Frankenstein
The Subjectivity of the Character Safie in Frankenstein Even though she is only mentioned in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein for a relatively brief period, the character, Safie, is very interesting as she is unique from the other characters in that her subjectivity is more clearly dependent on her religion and the culture of her nation. Contrasts can be made between the Orient and the European society which attempts to interpret it. Often, this creates stereotypes such as western feminists that h
Sociopolitical Philosophy in the Works of Stoker and Yeats
Sociopolitical Philosophy in the Works of Stoker and Yeats
Sociopolitical Philosophy in the Works of Stoker and Yeats Around the turn of this century there was widespread fear throughout Europe, and especially Ireland, of the consequences of the race mixing that was occurring and the rise of the lower classes over the aristocracies in control. In Ireland, the Protestants who were in control of the country began to fear the rise of the Catholics, which threatened their land and political power. Two Irish authors of the period, Bram Stoker and William Bu
Disjunction vs Communion in Raymond Carvers Short Stories
Disjunction vs Communion in Raymond Carvers Short Stories
Disjunction vs. Communion in Raymond Carver’s Short Stories Raymond Carver, poet, essayist, and short story writer, was very different from some other writers in that he clipped his writing until only the essential remained. Carver not only acknowledged the effect that fiction could have on readers, he proclaimed that it should affect readers.( Bonetti 58) Thus, when Carver writes about intimate relationships, the reader perceives the stories as more than entertainment or skillful language;
Sociopolitical Philosophy in the Works of Stoker and Yeats
Sociopolitical Philosophy in the Works of Stoker and Yeats
Sociopolitical Philosophy in the Works of Stoker and Yeats Around the turn of this century there was widespread fear throughout Europe, and especially Ireland, of the consequences of the race mixing that was occurring and the rise of the lower classes over the aristocracies in control. In Ireland, the Protestants who were in control of the country began to fear the rise of the Catholics, which threatened their land and political power. Two Irish authors of the period, Bram Stoker and William Bu
The historical novel entitled The Scarlet Pimpernel is a classic and t
The historical novel entitled The Scarlet Pimpernel is a classic and t
The historical novel entitled The Scarlet Pimpernel is a classic and truly deserves this prestigious title. The author of this enthralling 267 page book is Baroness Emma Orczy and it was published by Dodd, Mead & Company in the year 1964. The scene is set in the terrorized Paris of revolutionary France in the 1800's. During this time period nobody was safe from the horrifying grasp of Madame la Guillotine which claimed hundreds of lives every day. But a few brave men headed by a courageous pe
There is no avoiding war it can only be postponed Machiavelli Indeed
There is no avoiding war it can only be postponed Machiavelli Indeed
There is no avoiding war; it can only be postponed... (Machiavelli) Indeed, this is true, as war has been a part of human culture since the beginning of time. Battles will be fought and wars will wage on; there is nothing that can be done. No matter how many pacts are signed, no matter how extraordinary the leader is, and no matter what race or religion, fighting is as unavoidable as the plague. The Renaissance brought tremendous enlightenment and development across Europe. Individuals were b
If I were asked who my favourite Western Zen philosopher was without a
If I were asked who my favourite Western Zen philosopher was without a
If I were asked who my favourite Western Zen philosopher was, without any hesitation, I would declare it to be Henry David Thoreau. Although he knew in translation the religious writings of the Hindus, it may be unlikely that Henry David Thoreau ever studied the teachings of the Zen Masters. Even then, the insight within his own personal writings would irrefutably make him master of his own temple. The wisdom found within Thoreau's Walden can be clarified through Zen Buddhist beliefs and ideas
The sonnet London 1802 written by William Wordsworth and The Lamb writ
The sonnet London 1802 written by William Wordsworth and The Lamb writ
The sonnet ³London, 1802² written by William Wordsworth, and ³The Lamb² written by William Blake both contain elements of Romanticism. Both of the poems clearly follow a structure similar to Abrams¹ Romantic formula, which is composed of a realistic setting, visionary experience, and return to a setting with insight. Both ³London, 1802² and ³The Lamb² are composed of the above elements yet they differ in their approach to each element. Each poem has its unique atmosphere or tone. This leads one
Japan is a society whose culture is steeped in the traditions and symb
Japan is a society whose culture is steeped in the traditions and symb
        Japan is a society whose culture is steeped in the traditions and symbols of the past: Mt. Fuji, the tea ceremony, and the sacred objects of nature revered in Shintoism. Two of the most important traditions and symbols in Japan; the Emperor and Confucianism have endured through Shogunates, restorations of imperial rule, and up to present day. The leaders of the Meiji Restoration used these traditions to gain control over Japan and further their goals of modernization. The Meiji leaders u
Taoism
Taoism
Taoism Taoism is one of the two great philosophical and religious traditions that originated in China. The other religion native to China is Confucianism. Both Taoism and Confucianism began at about the same time, around the sixth century B.C.E. China's third great religion, Buddhism, came to China from India around the second century of the common era. Together, these three faiths have shaped Chinese life and thought for nearly twenty-five hundred years (Hartz 3). One dominate concept in Taoism
Farewell To Arms Paper
Farewell To Arms Paper
Farewell To Arms Paper Hemmingway has a unique style of writing. It works on multiple levels. A person could read Farewell to Arms and enjoy it as a tragic love story. Hemmingway�s concise writing style allows a literal interpretation. At the same time a reader could get involved with the various symbols that he has placed in the novel. In a way everything he has can be used as a symbol depending on a person�s biases. This is what makes Hemmingway�s writing even more unique. He can have wh
Essay on Jefferson
Essay on Jefferson
Essay on Jefferson Jefferson had destroyed political traditions. From his contradictions and defecting his priciples, Jefferson destroyed the political precedent and is a exemplatory hypocrite, which can be seen throughout his administration. Jefferson was an admired statesman who was grappling unsuccessfully with the moral issue of slavery. Thomas Jefferson, the author of the Declaration of Independence, opposed slavery his whole life, yet he never freed his own slaves. He championed Enlightenm
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism 1. Introduction - I recently started to wonder about other world religions and things like that. And so I’ve started reading up about different religions and I came across one that really caught my attention. The religion is Buddhism. Today I’m going to tell you a little bit about it’s history, some basic beliefs, and some of the different kinds of Buddhism. 2. Thesis 1. Subject - Buddhism 2. Initial Summary 1. The Origin of Buddhism 2. Basic Beliefs of Buddhism 3. The Two Kinds of Bud
Torture is one of the most barbaric acts of state repression and it co
Torture is one of the most barbaric acts of state repression and it co
Torture is one of the most barbaric acts of state repression, and it constitutes a direct and deliberate attack on the core of the human personality. Like slavery, it is an expression of the almost unlimited power of one individual over another. In the case of slavery, the human being is degraded to the condition of a non-human object deprived of legal personality. Torture aims to destroy human dignity and reduce the victim to the status of a passive tool in the hands of the torturer. In ancien
How Does Media Today Play a Role in Stereotyping Racial Groups
How Does Media Today Play a Role in Stereotyping Racial Groups
How Does Media Today Play a Role in Stereotyping Racial Groups? By In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Race Relations in America Community Studies 111 December 19, 2001 Television media still portray stereotypes of different races in today's society, leaving viewers with a pre-conceived notion of where each race falls within society. This gives viewers a negative outlook on races different from their own. Within this paper we will discuss the stereotypes portrayed within the televisio
Communist Manifesto
Communist Manifesto
Communist Manifesto Chapter 1 Summary: Bourgeois and Proletarians The Communist Manifesto begins with Marx's famous generalization that the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles (79). Marx describes these classes in terms of binary oppositions, with one party as oppressor, the other as oppressed. While human societies have traditionally been organized according to complex, multi-membered class hierarchies, the demise of feudalism effected by the French Revolu
A Mapmakers Dream
A Mapmakers Dream
A Mapmakers Dream Beginning this book one might think that it is the ruminations of a common cartographer. Quickly as the chapters flip by one finds a learned scholar and also spiritual sage in this cartographer. Fra Mauro's world is within his quarters at San Muchele di Murano's monastery. He was frequented by explorers whose transient existence embraced the lands and peoples of distant places. Hearing of the monk's vision of a map that encompassed all of the world and its essences, these explo
Harlem Renaissance
Harlem Renaissance
Harlem Renaissance 17-04-04 “A heightened concern with artistic form and a concern for representing the social world are not at odds with one another. Indeed, new social forms require new forms of representation.” Poets and writers associated with the Harlem Renaissance manage to both represent and contradict this statement, depending on the point at which we analyze them As a relatively new social caste they saw opportunities in modern forms of artistic expression like jazz or the blues, but th
Ecclesiastes
Ecclesiastes
Ecclesiastes English IV-3 28 January 2002 In the fourth century B.C.E., Sophocles wrote, “How dreadful knowledge of the truth can be/When there’s no help in truth.” If throughout time this has been proven, it has never been so evident as in George Orwell’s fantastical novel, 1984. In the novel, Winston Smith, the hero, discovers how much the truth can hurt. As much as Winston desires truth, in the end he cannot bear the price. Winston fails in his endeavor to retain knowledge and truth because d
Siddhartha Final Essay
Siddhartha Final Essay
Siddhartha: Final Essay The Thematic Significance of Water in Siddhartha In the novel Siddhartha, the symbolism of the river and of water is displayed throughout, and they greatly surpass all others in importance. Siddhartha’s quest for enlightenment becomes the predominant theme in the novel, and Herman Hesse makes the river the key contributor of this quest. Through listening to the river, Siddhartha discovers the concept of time and how it associates to life. He comes to realize that his pre
The Revolutionary Literature
The Revolutionary Literature
The Revolutionary Literature There are two great revolutions take place in the eighteenth century American; one was American Revolution ;it ended with the independence of America as an achievement. The other was Enlightenment, an intellectual campaign which affected the American with rationalist and enabled them abandoned Puritanism. It focus on replace tradition with rationality, get rid of the unquestioning religious dogma and found scientific inquiry, set up representative government instead
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution I. Absolutism A. Absolutism defined 1. In the absolutist state, sovereignty resided in kings--not the nobility or the parliament--who considered themselves responsible to God alone. 2. Absolute kings created new state bureaucracies and standing armies, regulated all the institutions of government, and secured the cooperation of the nobility. a. Some historians deny that absolutism was a stage of development that followed feudalism, but, instead, was administrative monarchy.
How have the perspectives on the meaning of history changed over time
How have the perspectives on the meaning of history changed over time
How have the perspectives on the meaning of history changed over time? “However much they might have agreed on the need for accuracy and truthfulness, historians down the ages have held widely different views on the purposes to which these things were to be put and the way in which the facts they presented were to be explained…” (Richard J. Evans, In Defense of History) Although historians strive to record history to be as true and accurate as possible, it is how they perceive a certain event o
1 Who was the Buddha
1 Who was the Buddha
1. Who was the Buddha? 1.1. Early Life of Luxury Siddharta Gautama, better known as the Buddha, was a prince of India who was born in Nepal and was heir to the thrown of the Sakya tribe of the Gautama clan. He was born, not for the first time, in 566BC. His first name means “goal reached and was commonly known as Gautama or Sakyamuni, the “wise man of the Sakya”. His father was told be a sage at Sakyamuni’s birth the “If he remains at home, the child will become a great King. If he leaves, he wi
Prejudice is Ignorance
Prejudice is Ignorance
Prejudice is Ignorance Prejudice is defined as hatred or unfair treatment of a particular group, such as members of a race or religion or nation , the dislike or distruct of a person, group,custom etc that is based on fear or false information or to make any judgment without having adequate informations. Prejudice can be defined as dictionstereotyping, racism and segregationary as hatred or unfair treatment of a specific group because of preconceived attitudes or opinions about other people. Pr
A Comparison and Contrast of
A Comparison and Contrast of
A Comparison and Contrast of Juergen Habermas and Hans Georg Gadamer 20083747 History 104 Nov.19/01 The intellectual battle between the Gadamer-Hermeneutics school and the Habermas-critical theorists is well documented. Hermeneutics claiming a universal applicability stating, “being that can be understood is language[1],” and the critical theorist claiming a reflective reasoning process that goes beyond hermeneutics. The battle has been aptly stated in the rather public disagreements between Ha
The Metaethics of
The Metaethics of
The Metaethics of Ayn Rand and Objectivism Foundations of Ethics January 2001 Table of Contents o Introduction ……………………………………………….. p. 3-5 Early Ayn Rand …………………………………… p. 5-6 Literary Period ………………………….…………. p. 7-8 Philosophical Period ……………………………… p. 8-9 o Metaethics ………………………………………………… p.9-10 Existence as Primary …………..……....………… p. 10-11 Animate vs. Inanimate Objects ………………….. p. 11-13 Life and Value ………………….…………………. p. 13-14 Fact and Value: The Randian Synthesis ………... p. 15-17 The Rationa
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism About 2,500 years ago, an Indian prince named Siddharta Guatama, dissatisfied with his spiritually barren life, left his home, his wife, and his son and set out to find enlightenment. After a period of period of six years spent in constant searching, Guatama finally reached enlightenment, or Nirvana, while sitting under a tree in a long, profound state of meditation. Henceforth he became known as the Buddha (Clarke,149). In my religion Christianity, Jesus Christ was born on a “mission f
Taoism Buddhism
Taoism Buddhism
Taoism Buddhism It is always present in you. You can use it anyway you want. ~Lao-tzu Taoism and Buddhism are the two great philosophical and religious traditions that originated in China. Taoism began the sixth century BCE. Buddhism came to China from India around the second century of the Common Era. These two religions have shaped Chinese life and thought for nearly twenty-five hundred years. One dominant concept in Taoism and Buddhism is the belief in some form of reincarnation. The idea tha
The Ontology of Gay and Queer
The Ontology of Gay and Queer
The Ontology of Gay and Queer Homosexuality: History, Politics, Ethics April /2001 Table of Contents Introduction………………………………………………….. p. 2-4 Definitions and Genealogy of Homosexuality……………… p. 5- Genealogy of Ontology………………………………………. p. Coming Out of the Closet: Conversion and Inaugeration or Integration……….. p. Genetic Ontology, Social Artifice and Orientations………... p. Conclusion: The Sexual Tower of Babel and Politics of Ontology………………………………. p. -Introduction- In recent years, the gay commu
Siddhartha
Siddhartha
Siddhartha The Brahmins Son Siddhartha, the son of a Brahmin (a Hindu Priest), and his best friend, Govinda, have grown up learning the ways of the Brahmins. Everyone in their village loves Siddhartha. But although he brings joy to everyone's life, Siddhartha feels little joy himself. He is troubled by restless dreams and begins to wonder if he has learned all that his father and the other Brahmins can teach him. As Hesse says, ...they had already poured the sum total of their knowledge into his
The Modern Values of Midpointery A Plea for Conversation
The Modern Values of Midpointery A Plea for Conversation
The Modern Values of Midpointery: A Plea for Conversation Philosophy 379A January 9, 2004 In the present age, audiences are not hard to be found, but rather the people that seem to be scarce. To the Single Individual, When you first started me thinking about this project, there were so many different possibilities I could have followed. The writings of Kierkegaard inspired and moved me in ways that I hope no college student ever graduates without, and I wanted to write you something that includ
Individual Field Study Part B
Individual Field Study Part B
Individual Field Study Part B Since Buddhism began, the religion has developed countless symbols and visual features that make it unique. All of these symbols help contribute to the beliefs held by followers of Buddhism. There are some things that all Buddhists believe and follow and there are other things that only certain Buddhists supporters believe. Buddhism is not a pessimistic or optimistic religion, it is realistic. Buddhists believe that the source of suffering is through one’s desire, h
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism o What is the understanding of the nature of god that is characteristic of this religion? While many people believe Buddha is a type of god, according to most Buddhists this is not true. The Theravadhians, who claim to be the original Buddhists, are certain that Buddha claimed he did not want to be seen as a god. Terry Lovat, author of Studies in Religion states, ‘(The Theravadhians) even claim that the Buddha explicitly told his followers not to believe in any gods. If they believe in
Torture is one of the most barbaric acts of state repression and it co
Torture is one of the most barbaric acts of state repression and it co
Torture is one of the most barbaric acts of state repression, and it constitutes a direct and deliberate attack on the core of the human personality. Like slavery, it is an expression of the almost unlimited power of one individual over another. In the case of slavery, the human being is degraded to the condition of a non-human object deprived of legal personality. Torture aims to destroy human dignity and reduce the victim to the status of a passive tool in the hands of the torturer. In ancient
PART ONE CONTENTS --------------------3
PART ONE CONTENTS --------------------3
PART ONE CONTENTS --------------------3 SELFREALISATION AND DIRECTION FOR THE ADOLESCENT PART TWO CONTENTS ---------------------59 MANIFESTATIONS OF AWARENESS PART THREE CONTENTS -----------------104 PHILOSOPHICAL CONTENTS PART ONE. BOLD = MAIN TITLES. REGULAR = SUB TITLES. ----------------------------------------------------------------PAGE FORWARD -----------------------------------------------------4 INTELLECTUALITY -----------------------------------------8 DEDICATION ----------------------
When people hear the word Buddhism many times its name reflects stereo
When people hear the word Buddhism many times its name reflects stereo
When people hear the word Buddhism, many times its name reflects stereotypes and misunderstandings. Typically people will think of Chinese and Japanese monks in strict meditaion, however Buddhism is really a generic term for various philosophic, religious, ethical, and sociological forms based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha. They come from the main doctrine of the Four Noble Truths which says that there is suffering (which may more accurately be ‘frustration’), suffering has a cause, the cau
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION Many adults who graduate from high school immediately enter careers that do not require a college degree. Indeed, the majority of the adult population of the United States of America does not have college degrees. And the lack of degree is not a stigma. Vocations usually do not require degrees. Certainly the many trade vocations in the building industry do not require college degrees, but instead either vocational training, on-the-job training, and combinations of both. The same ap
Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson was a busy man. He lived from 1743 to 1826. Jefferson was an American revolutionary leader, author of the Declaration of Independence, political philosopher. and the third president of the United States of America. Thomas Jefferson was born on the 13th of April 1743, at Shadwell, Virginia. His father was an owner of a large plantation where he lived until he went to the college of William and Mary in the early 1760s. There he studied law under George Wythe. He w
Buddhist Sermon
Buddhist Sermon
Buddhist Sermon Buddhism is a religion where everyone believed to be born innocent. We are peaceful people who seek happiness through good deeds. Buddha, or the Enlightened One, is a man who sought a path of balance. The search for a path of balance is called the Middle Path. It is possible to bring an end to suffering by following, the Noble Eight Fold Path: Right View, Right Resolve, Right Speech, Right Actions, Right Occupation, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, and Right Concentration. O
Francois Marie Arouet was born on November 21 1694 in Paris He was the
Francois Marie Arouet was born on November 21 1694 in Paris He was the
Francois Marie Arouet was born on November 21, 1694 in Paris. He was the son of a notary. The name most people know Francois by is his pen name, Voltaire. Voltaire was a French author, philosopher, and apostle of free thought. Voltaire was the most influential figure during the French Enlightenment. LIFE Voltaire received an excellent education at a Jesuit school called Louis-le-Grand. At age 16 he left school and became friends with Parisian aristocrats. The aristocrats admired his cleverness,
The Social Contract
The Social Contract
The Social Contract The Age of Enlightenment was a term used to describe the French Revolution during the eighteenth century. The philosophers thought that if humanity could unlock the laws of God, then it could also unlock the laws of all nature and society. They also thought that through proper education that humanity itself could be changed-for the better, of course. The philosophers thought that they could discover the truth through nature and not through the Bible and former philosophers.
Essay Question Does Lear learn from his experiences
Essay Question Does Lear learn from his experiences
Essay Question: Does Lear learn from his experiences? King Lear is a not an obvious 'typical' tragedy in which the protagonist suffers a fall from pride due to a fatal flaw. Nevertheless King Lear still learns from his experiences - he gains self knowledge through suffering. Edgar's character is used to teach Lear the nature of evil and the Fool also helps Lear see the truth. By the end of the play, Lear has realised the truth about himself and reconciles with his loving daughter. In the crucia
The Third Estate
The Third Estate
The Third Estate Abbe de Sieyes was born into a middle-class family in France in about 1748. He studied, seeking a career in the Church, and became a very prominent man in the Catholic hierarchy. When the French Revolution came around, Sieyes was very prominent in voicing his opinions. He felt that this revolution could have been a way to end or at least dilute noble privilege. In his work What is the Third Estate?, Sieyes voices these opinions to the common people of France. Sieyes believes
The Role of the Japanese Emperor in the Meiji Restoration
The Role of the Japanese Emperor in the Meiji Restoration
The Role of the Japanese Emperor in the Meiji Restoration By Jody Kitcher Japan is a society whose culture is steeped in the traditions and symbols of the past: Mt. Fuji, the tea ceremony, and the sacred objects of nature revered in Shintoism. Two of the most important traditions and symbols in Japan; the Emperor and Confucianism have endured through Shogunates, restorations of imperial rule, and up to present day. The leaders of the Meiji Restoration used these traditions to gain control over