The U S Supreme

The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases Throughout history, minorities have been ill-represented in the criminal justice system, particularly in cases where the possible outcome is death. In early America, blacks were lynched for the slightest violation of informal laws and many of these killings occurred without any type of due process. As the judicial system has matured, minorities have found better representation but it is not completely unbiased. In the past twenty yea
The Emancipation Proclamation
The Emancipation Proclamation
The Emancipation Proclamation The emancipation proclamation was issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War, declaring all slaves within any State, or designated part of a State... then... in rebellion,... shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free. The states affected were enumerated in the proclamation; specifically exempted were slaves in parts of the South then held by Union armies. Lincoln's issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation marked a radical ch
Interracial Relations and Marriages
Interracial Relations and Marriages
Interracial Relations and Marriages Outline Thesis statement,: The United States has witnessed a considerable social and cultural desegregation of Black and Caucasian Americans. However, despite years of desegregation, racial and cultural differences still exist. I show these differences still exist in the institution of marriage. 1. Americans have been and are continually moving slowly away from segregation. A. Since the 1960's Blacks have been allowed to move into mainly Caucasian neighborhoo
Proposal for Reparations of African Americans
Proposal for Reparations of African Americans
Proposal for Reparations of African Americans Teresa Burk Due to the fact that many African-Americans cannot trace their genealogy back more than three generations, It would be extremely difficult to distinguish between those who are descended from Freemen and those descended from Slaves. Therefore, although it should have some impact on reparations, we must take into account those who cannot trace their genealogy( approximately 3/4th of African- Americans). We also must remember that in essenc
Why The End of Integration
Why The End of Integration
Why The End of Integration? After four decades of school integration America has given up, and the question is: Why?. I believe the answer is because absolutely nothing worked! Bussing was a hassle, most magnet schools were set up for false reasons, and everything was very costly. With everything they tried there were still no significant changes in the test scores of the minority students. So now here we are in the late 21st century and it can all be summed up with what Chris Hansen of the A
Decision Making
Decision Making
Decision Making Any decision affecting people has ethical ramifications and virtually all important decisions reflect the decision- maker’s mindfulness and resolution to ethical behavior. This is why it is important to know for yourself how you go about making ethical decisions, or decisions of any kind. Finding out how one goes about making decisions can be a rather hard task as I found out while I was researching my mind to ‘decide’ exactly how I do go about making the decisions I make. The f
Porsche
Porsche
Porsche I have narrowed down my project to just Porsche vehicles. I am not going to talk about the man behind the car to much. I have found several web sites that have criteria about Porsche and their different models and their performance. I will discuss these subjects along with others. The history of Porsche will be discussed. I will also talk about some different models such as the 911 GT3. I will also discuss the GT1 and GT3 race seriesI will also discuss Porches latest press releases. His
ECONOMIC TRANSITION IN POLAND RUSSIA
ECONOMIC TRANSITION IN POLAND RUSSIA
ECONOMIC TRANSITION IN POLAND & RUSSIA Since approximately 1988, Poland and the republic of Russia (formerly Soviet Union) have gone through major economic reform. The main emphasis of this paper is to identify the different approaches that the governments in these two countries have taken and to look at the positive and negative effects that these drastic changes have had on their economies. Specifically, the question asked in this paper is, Why has the economic transition in Poland been more
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica Costa Rica is officially known as the Republic of Costa Rica. It is 19,575 square miles in size and has a population of approximately 3,342,000 people. It is bordered by Panama and Nicaragua. The capital of Costa Rica is San Jose. Its coastal areas are hot and humid and heavily forested. It has a large chain of volcanoes rising over 12,000 feet. The official language of Costa Rica is Spanish. It is a democratic nation and has no military. Costa Rica has only 3 national newspapers. Hi
The Dominican RepublicThe Dominican Republic is one of the many Spanis
The Dominican RepublicThe Dominican Republic is one of the many Spanis
The Dominican RepublicThe Dominican Republic is one of the many Spanish speaking countries in the world. The Dominican Republic, republic of the West Indies, compromising the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola. The word Dominican Republic in Spanish means Republica Dominicana. The capitol of the Dominican Republic is Santo Domingo. The population of the Dominican Republic is of mixed Spanish and black-African descent. The society is about sixty five percent urban. The population of t
The 1930s The Good Times and The Bad Times
The 1930s The Good Times and The Bad Times
The 1930’s: The Good Times and The Bad Times The decade of the 1930’s can be characterized in two parts: The Great Depression, and the restoration of the American economy. America had been completely destroyed due to the Stock Market Crash of 1929. It was up to the government and people of the 1930’s to mend America’s wounds. One man stood up to this challenge, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He promised to fix the American economy, provide jobs, and help the needy. During The Great Depression, th
Narmer's Palette
Narmer's Palette
Narmer's Palette As Egypt grew and flourished to a powerful and rich nation, itleft behind for today's historians, clues and artifacts of a oncedistinctive, well established and structured society. Proof ofthis is clearly depicted in king Narmer's Palette. This Paletteshows historians the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt, whichsignified the beginnings of a civilized era centred around theNile. The unification of Egypt occurred around 3100 B.C., under theFirst Dynasty of Menes(3100-2850 B.C.
Europe 1914
Europe 1914
Europe 1914 Chapter 7: Both Hitler and Stalin hated modern art and persecuted the artists who made it. What was there about the new aesthetic which revolted and frightened these dictators? Since prehistoric times, when men communicated through crude drawings on cave walls, art has been used to elicit an emotional response. Everyone has had the experience of viewing a piece of art that touched them in some way. Whether that feeling was happiness, sorrow, anger, or lust, and whether the art
GERALD FORD
GERALD FORD
GERALD FORD Before presidency In 1948, Ford was elected to congress to Democrats swept the Republicans out of office in almost every election in the country. He came to Washington dedicated to the idea that Americans must retain its positive of word leadership. He is office-house was Representative from Mass. John F. Kennedy. At the other side was the office of T. B. Martin of Kentucky. In 12/06/1973 Gerald R. Ford became Vice President. President Nixon had a White House celebration for Ford af
Stalins Purge The Greater Holocaust
Stalins Purge The Greater Holocaust
Stalin’s Purge: The Greater Holocaust Joseph Stalin was ruler of the Soviet Union from 1929-1953. While he was in power the Great Depression devastated the world economy, the Nazis invaded the U.S.S.R., Berlin was cut off from the rest of the world, and the Cold War began. In many countries his philosophies were believed to be highly effective, but some of his actions are just being uncovered , and denounced, in “Western” countries like the United States. One part of Soviet history, only now be
Decline of the American Empire
Decline of the American Empire
Decline of the American Empire In any era there are different protagonists, playing the same game on a similar board. Like a game of monopoly, there are nations competing to become the foremost leaders of their time. They amass great wealth, powerful armies, and political sway. When the influence and might of these countries transcends the confines of their boundaries, so that they become a presence throughout the world, they become empires. At times, it seems as though one of these empires win
The Watergate Affair
The Watergate Affair
The Watergate Affair The Watergate affair was the most significant scandal in United States governmental history. Watergate is defined as a scandal involving abuse of power by public officials, violation of the public trust, and attempted obstruction of justice. The Watergate scandal is named after the building complex in Washington D.C., which was the site of the illegal activities that took place in 1972. In this essay I will explain what Watergate was, a few of the key players (many too nume
Americas involvement in World War Two
Americas involvement in World War Two
America’s involvement in World War Two When war broke out , there was no way the world could possibly know the severity of this guerre. Fortunately one country saw and understood that Germany and its allies would have to be stopped. America’s Involvement in World War two not only contributed in the eventual downfall of the insane Adolph Hitler and his Third Reich, but also came at the precise time and moment. Had the united states entered the war any earlier the consequences might have been wor
THE SHIPS OF WWII
THE SHIPS OF WWII
THE SHIPS OF WWII World War II was the largest naval war in history. It was also the largest air war in history, but that's another story...Ships that fought in the second world war established technology, and patterns that would be used throughout the 20th century. thousands of ideas that would have never been tried on ships during peace time were applied in the then emergency state of the world. Different color writing than black indicates a link, click on it to learn more about. see picture
Animal Farm compared to the Russian Revolution
Animal Farm compared to the Russian Revolution
Animal Farm compared to the Russian Revolution All of the characters in Animal farm have counterparts in real life. This book was based on the Russian Revolution, and all the important populace of the revolution are symbolized. Some of the animals represent individuals in the Russian Revolution, and some types of animals represent different types of Russian citizens. The book carries out much like the actual revolution. It starts out with hopes of an empire where all are equal and the unfair un
Civics Questions
Civics Questions
Civics Questions 1. How is government authority in the United States limited? Give one example. The government can not interfere with those rights granted to the people through the Constitution or the Bill of Rights. The Supreme Court is there to protect our individual rights and freedoms. 2.What is the difference between absolute rights and relative rights? No person has an absolute freedom of speach; they are not free to say whatever they like. We do have a relative freedom of speech though,
Comparative Politics
Comparative Politics
Comparative Politics Comparative Politics, typically defined as the study of the internal politics of nations other than our own, is a diverse and complex field. There is no one central tendency or approach which dominates this area of inquiry within political science: various theories, concepts, issues and methodologies are evident in the field. While it is recognized that no simple classification can be made of the literature, we are encouraged to be aware of contrasting approaches, and to en
Immigrants
Immigrants
Immigrants Should the United States take on more immigrants? Is the United States hurting from immigration problems? These issues have been debated on for generation. According to the Immigration and Naturalization Service, approximately 300,000 illegal immigrants enter the United States annually (Cozic 12). This large number of immigrants causes many different emotions. For some Americans, immigration is an adversity. Many Americans past and present have reacted to immigrants with fear: fear
Net Censorship
Net Censorship
Net Censorship Most of us have used it. Most of us find it useful, Some of us find it entertaining. Some of us find it offensive. “It” is the Internet. The Internet has dramatically changed our society. It brings together people and their ideas from all around the world in a short amount of time. It is expanding daily to allow new ideas and thought s to be transmitted quickly and easily with the single click of a button. One can find information on almost any subject there. Yet many people are
WATERGATE
WATERGATE
WATERGATE President Ricmard M. Nixon is refereed to as one of the most controversial presidents in the history of the United States of America. He is synonymous with this title, because of his involvement in the great Watergate scandal. It all started with the election of 1972, Nixon's bid for a second term of presidency. In his attempt at re-election, Nixon took on a different strategy than any other re-election campaign of the past. Instead of using the usual Republican National Committee f
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action “The state shall not discriminate, or grant preferential treatment to any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting.” The previous statement is the unedited text of the operative part of Proposition 209, the California Civil Rights Initiative (CCRI), that passed November fifth by a percentage of 54 to 46. Though the initiative does not actually mention affi
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action Thesis: Although many people believe that affirmative Action is a form of racism, it is actually used to help minorities find employment in an otherwise racist world. “In the United States, equality is a recurring theme. It has flared into a fervent moral issue at crucial stages of American history: The revolutionary and Jacksonian Period, and the New Deal. In each era, the legitimacy of American society is challenged by some set of people unhappy with the degree of equality”
Child RearingIn the essay Bringing Up Children the author Ruth Benedic
Child RearingIn the essay Bringing Up Children the author Ruth Benedic
Child RearingIn the essay, Bringing Up Children, the author, Ruth Benedict, explores two methodologies of child rearing -- American and Japanese. In examination of each culture’s techniques, we find that they are in complete contrast of one another like their places on earth. Each system exemplifying one side of the extremes. We are left to ponder which of the two ideals are superior. Which arrangement of life will benefit the individual as well as society to a greater extent? The answer, howev
Discrimination
Discrimination
Discrimination The struggle for social and economic equality of Black people in America has been long and slow. It is sometimes amazing that any progress has been made in the racial equality arena at all; every tentative step forward seems to be diluted by losses elsewhere. For every Stacey Koons that is convicted, there seems to be a Texaco executive waiting to send Blacks back to the past. Throughout the struggle for equal rights, there have been courageous Black leaders at the forefront of
PROPOSITION 218
PROPOSITION 218
PROPOSITION 218 Introduction California voters have spoken again. On November 6, they passed (56%) Proposition 218, marking the continued fiscal conservatism of the state's electorate and their frustration with what has been characterized as the arrogance and inefficiency of government. (SF Chronicle Staff, SF Chronicle: 11/6/96). As Bob Therrien of Ventura stated in his letter to the LA Times Prop 13 and Prop 218 are the direct result of taxpayer abuse by our elected officials. Its time for g
Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson Born to Irish immigrants on March 15, 1767, Andrew Jackson was to become the first rags to riches President the country had ever seen. He grew up in South Carolina and fought in the Revolutionary War at only thirteen. His entire immediate family, parents and siblings, died as a cause of the war, whether it was being killed in battle or death from disease. He went on to serve two terms as the seventh President of the U.S., leaving behind a legacy of administrative policy and even
Ulysses S Grant
Ulysses S Grant
Ulysses S. Grant Ulysses S. Grant rose to command all the Federal armies in the Civil War and lead them to victory. He was respected so much that he went on to be president of the United States for two terms. His time of glory didn't last forever though, he developed cancer and died bankrupt. Ulysses Hiram Grant was born April 27, 1822, in a two room frame house at Point Pleasant, Ohio(Ulysses S. Grant 1). His father, Jesse Root Grant, was foreman in a tannery and a farmer. His mother, Hannah Si
Napoleon Bonaparte
Napoleon Bonaparte
Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte was possibly Frances greatest military mind ever. He was promoted through the ranks by hard work, dedication and his ability to think quickly. He eventually worked his way up to become the Emperor of France. Napoleon was born on August 15, in the year of 1769. He was born at Ajaccio, Corsica. This was a small island off the coast of North Africa. Napoleon’s parents Letizia and Carlo Bonaparte reserved Napoleon a spot at a French military school, and when Nap
Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt Outline Thesis: Theodore Roosevelt's political presence altered the course of the United States, transforming it into a superpower fully ready to handle the challenges of any opposition, and changed the role of the president and executive branch of US government, making it a force to be reckoned with. I. Introduction II. Before Roosevelt A. Post-Reconstructionist Views B. The Industrial Revolution C. The Gilded Age 1. Railroads 2. Robber Barons 3. Immigration 4. Standard Quest
Sam Adams
Sam Adams
Sam Adams Every so often, a man of true passion is born. A man exceedingly dedicated to his principles, and very firm in his beliefs. Samuel Adams was such a man. Adams was a patriot, and one of the more influential men in the colonies. However, even as a patriot, he did not support the Constitution. How could such a patriot be an anti-federalist? Once again, it all comes down to an issue of beliefs. Samuel Adams was born on September 27, 1722. He was the son of a successful merchant and malter.
Environmental Law Nollan vs CCC
Environmental Law Nollan vs CCC
Environmental Law: Nollan vs. CCC Abstract of: 483 U.S. 825, 97 L. Ed.2d 677 James Patrick Nollan, et ux., Appellant v. California Coastal Commission. Case Definition: The case is Nollan versus the California Coastal Commission. The Nollans were the appellates against a decision made by the California Coastal Commission (CCC). The Nollans had been leasing a property on the California coast with which they had an option to buy. The property lies directly at the foot of the Pacific Ocean and is a
Abortion Should Be Kept Out of The Criminal Code
Abortion Should Be Kept Out of The Criminal Code
Abortion Should Be Kept Out of The Criminal Code Abortion, termination of pregnancy before the fetus is capable of independent life. When the expulsion from the womb occurs after the fetus becomes viable (capable of independent life), usually at the end of six months of pregnancy, it is technically a premature birth. The practice of abortion was widespread in ancient times as a method of birth control. Later it was restricted or forbidden by most world religions, but it was not considered an off
Assisted Suicide and Canadian Law
Assisted Suicide and Canadian Law
Assisted Suicide and Canadian Law Canada still has not come to a decision on the need for legalizing euthanasia or assisted suicide. A woman named Sue Rodriguez brought it out into open to become one of Canada's famous court debates. In February of 1994, she ended her life with the assistance of her doctor. She suffered from a terminal illness called ALS (a.k.a. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or Lou Gehrig's disease). The disease progressively worsens until it robs the individual of all their abi
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment Throughout history, statistics have proven that Capital Punishment or otherwise known as the death penalty, has been an effective deterrent of major crime. Capital Punishment is the lawful infliction of death among criminals and has been used to punish a wide variety of offenses for many years all over the world (Bedau 16). When the death penalty is enforced, it shows society that committing a capital crime has deadly consequences. In early times, many methods of Capital Punis
Capital Punishment and The Death Penalty
Capital Punishment and The Death Penalty
Capital Punishment and The Death Penalty Capital punishment and the death penalty are very controversial issues concerning modern times. Many people have different opinions about how a criminal should be disciplined in the court of law, but there is no one right or correct answer. Although, 80% of Americans are for the death penalty. Presently, thirty-eight states have the death penalty, but is the concept of a life for a life the best way to castigate a criminal? Of the thirteen states that d
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment Capital punishment is the legal infliction the death penalty. It is obviously the most severe form of criminal punishment. (Bedau1) Capital punishment is a controversial way of dealing with violent criminals. The main alternative to the death penalty is life in prison. Capital punishment has been around for thousands of years as a means of eradicating criminals. A giant debate started between supporters and opposers of execution, over the morality and effectiveness of the deat
Capital Punishment Should It Or Should It Not Be Used In Today's Crimi
Capital Punishment Should It Or Should It Not Be Used In Today's Crimi
Capital Punishment, Should It Or Should It Not Be Used In Today's Criminal Judging System While Capital Punishment has been one of the most feared things of our time, it is still being questioned if it is unconstitutional. The Death Penalty is being enforced in more than 100 countries in the world and are usually in used in politically-related cases. Although it has been the case in many countries throughout the world it has been said that the Death Penalty is cruel and unusual punishment whic
Capital Punishment Is It Required
Capital Punishment Is It Required
Capital Punishment: Is It Required Looking out for the state of the public's satisfaction in the scheme of capital sentencing does not constitute serving justice. Today's system of capital punishment is fraught with inequalities and injustices. The commonly offered arguments for the death penalty are filled with holes. It was a deterrent. It removed killers. It was the ultimate punishment. It is biblical. It satisfied the public's need for retribution. It relieved the anguish of the victim's fa
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment There is one question that has always brought about controversy. Should capital punishment be used as a way of disciplining criminals? Over the past twenty years, there has been an enormous increase in violent crimes. It seems logical that a person is less likely to commit a given act if by doing so he will suffer swift and certain punishment of a horrible kind. As most Americans agree, death is the only appropriate punishment for such crimes. In ancient times' executions were
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment Law&Justice Class Senior Year Mr. Carlisle Law and Justice 18 March 1995 The theory a life for a life is as old as civilization itself (McCiellan 9). The development of civilizations established what we call justice today. Capital punishment, the execution of a criminal convicted of a crime, or the legal taking of the life of a criminal, can be divided into three categories: first, crimes against the person; second, crimes against property; and third, crimes which endanger
Death Penalty and The Eighth Amendment
Death Penalty and The Eighth Amendment
Death Penalty and The Eighth Amendment The expression “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” has taken on a whole new meaning. Lately, murderers have been getting a punishment equal to their crime, death. In 1967, executions in the United States were temporarily suspended to give the federal appellate courts time to decide whether or not the death penalty was unconstitutional. Then, in 1972, the United States Supreme Court ruled in the case of “Furman versus Georgia” that the death penalty vio
Euthanasia and the Law
Euthanasia and the Law
Euthanasia and the Law A severely handicapped or terminally ill person should have the right to choose to live or die. The right to live; the right to choose to live or die should not only be a right allocated for bodied individuals of sound mind but for all human beings. Euthanasia is a controversial issue which encompasses the morals, values and beliefs of our society. Euthanasia, literally defined means good death. There are two types of euthanasia, active and passive. Active euthanasia is
Problems with Gun Control
Problems with Gun Control
Problems with Gun Control If the second amendment does not mean what it says, what about the first?, this was the question asked by author, and National Rifle Association member, Bill Clede. In his article Gun Control, Press Control, he warns journalists about the hidden dangers associated with gun control. When dealing with the interpretation of the Constitution, there is two views one can take. The Constitution can be viewed as a living document or in its original understanding. The o
Homosexuals A Suspect Class
Homosexuals A Suspect Class
Homosexuals: A Suspect Class? The struggle for minority protection by lesbians and gay men has moved to the center of American life at the outset of the 1990's. It is almost certain that lesbian and gay issues will be a more eminent aspect of the public consciousness and American political scene in the coming decade than in any other time in American history. Policy changes early in Bill Clinton's administration created a heated debate over the military presence of gays and lesbians, several sta
Jury Nullification and Its Effects on Black America
Jury Nullification and Its Effects on Black America
Jury Nullification and Its Effects on Black America It is obvious that significant improvements have been made in the way that the criminal justice system deals with Blacks during the history of the United States. Blacks have not always been afforded a right to trial, not to mention a fair one. Additionally, for years, Blacks were unable to serve on juries, clearly affecting the way both Blacks and whites were tried. Much of this improvement has been achieved through various court decisions, and