The Seventeenth Century

The Black Plague
The Black Plague
The Black Plague : From the early fourteenth to late seventeenth century, Europe was decimated by one of the most horrifying pestilence's human kind has ever known(Coulton 493). The killer's name was later to be recognized by the detrimental consummation it had seized upon a person's life. It was known as the Black Plague. This terrible epidemic exhausted small towns across Europe, including the British Isles, brutally killing an incredulous amount of people. The disease had wiped out entire vi
Colonization
Colonization
Colonization Essay #1 Although New England and the Chesapeake regions were settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. I have described both societies in an attempt to demonstrate their developments. Virginia Colony In 1607 a group of merchants established England’s first permanent colony in North America at Jamestown, Virginia. They operated as a joint-stock company that allowed them to sell shares of stock in their company and use
Economic Reasons for American Independence
Economic Reasons for American Independence
Economic Reasons for American Independence Eleven years before America had declared it's independence there was 1,450,000 white and 400,000 Negro subjects of the crown. The colonies extended from the Atlantic to the Appalachian barrier. The life in these thirteen colonies was primarily rural, the economy based on agriculture, most were descended from the English, and politics were only the concern of land owners. Throughout these prosperous colonies, only a small portion of the population were c
Martha Ballard
Martha Ballard
Martha Ballard We as a society are fortunate. We have the luxury of advanced technology to include: computers, telephones, video teleconferencing equipment, cellular phones, beepers, and hospitals with the latest gadgets and gizmos. Our technology is available only because of documented historical accounts. Our idea of work is having to get in our vehicles and driving to our destination and sometimes sitting behind a desk all day to push paper; the worst any of us suffers is a traffic jam here o
Liberalism and Freedom
Liberalism and Freedom
Liberalism and Freedom Liberalism is a force that has produced change from the birth of this nation to the politics of today. Liberal tenets have been a basis of thought and action in American politics since well before the signing of the Constitution. Certainly, liberalism has had to transform in order to remain a legitimate force throughout the years. When considering this transformation, one may ask whether or not the ideas and goals of classical liberalism have been lost in the conversion in
Genocide
Genocide
Genocide From the time humans existed, hatred seemed to be the dominant trait that possessed the souls of men. It was inevitable emotions could provoke people to engage in acts without thinking; but it was the acts that were premeditated which were classified as evil and brutal. A. M. Rosenthal, the author of No News From Auschwitz, described a single moment in history where these kinds of acts were invoked. This appalling endeavor is known as genocide which is the deliberate destruction of a n
The novel Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell is an American classic
The novel Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell is an American classic
The novel Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell is an American classic which explores the human mind when it comes to power, corruption, control, and the ultimate utopian society. Orwell indirectly proposes that power given to the government will ultimately become corrupt and they will attempt to force all to conform to their one set standard. He also sets forth the idea that the corrupted government will attempt to destroy any and all mental and physical opposition to their beliefs, thus elimi
Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad is an intriguing and extremely dist
Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad is an intriguing and extremely dist
Heart of Darkness, by Joseph Conrad, is an intriguing and extremely disturbing portrayal of man’s surrender to his carnal nature when all external trappings of civilization are removed. This novel excellently portrays the shameful ways in which the Europeans exploited the Africans: physically, socially, economically, and spiritually. Throughout the nineteenth century, Europeans treated their African counterparts savagely. They were beaten, driven from their homes, and enslaved. Heart of Darkn
English III AP
English III AP
English III AP 28 January 1997 Reflections of Milton in Milton At a young age, John Milton was convinced that he was destined for greatness. He thought that he might perhaps leave something so written to aftertimes as they should not willingly let it die(Text 414). For this reason he thought that his life was very important to himself and to others. He often wrote directly about himself, and he used his life experiences as roots for his literature. In Paradise Lost and in a sonnet entitled O
The Taming of the Shrew is one of the earliest comedies written by six
The Taming of the Shrew is one of the earliest comedies written by six
The Taming of the Shrew is one of the earliest comedies written by sixteenth and seventeenth century English bard, William Shakespeare. Some scholars believe it may have been his first work written for the stage as well as his first comedy (Shakespearean 310). The earliest record of it being performed on stage is in 1593 or 1594. It is thought by many to be one of Shakespeare’s most immature plays (Cyclopedia 1106). In The Taming of the Shrew, Petruchio was the only suitor willing to court Kate
The Tempest written in 1611 was one of William Shakespeares last plays
The Tempest written in 1611 was one of William Shakespeares last plays
The Tempest, written in 1611, was one of William Shakespeare’s last plays. It has a combination of superb characters, interesting settings, and a good plot line—all held together by the running theme of magic, and its ever-present importance. A closer examination of the magic in The Tempest, and the public’s view of magic at the time, will give insight as to Shakespeare’s choice of magic as a theme, and why it has made the play so successful and timeless. Magic presented itself to Shakespeare a
The Crucible
The Crucible
The Crucible What creative ways we humans invent for persecuting each other. Isn’t it amazing that despite all our scientific and humanitarian advances we, as a race, still feel the need to persecute each other? The Crucible is set in Salem, Massachusetts during the famous witch hunt held there in the late seventeenth century, but it was written in the United States during the famous witch hunt held there in the 1950s. Isn’t it simply astounding how similar these events are? They are incomprehe
From stick figures in the sand and the earliest animals painted and ca
From stick figures in the sand and the earliest animals painted and ca
From stick figures in the sand and the earliest animals painted and carved in stone, people worldwide have reacted to the world by making images. The fundamental goal of art, especially in the past, was to convey meaning and express important ideas, revealing what was significant to every society, by arresting images. In recognizing the subject matter of any painting, you have to look at the artist’s intentions, which are regularly connected to social conditions, national or global issues and t
I Introduction
I Introduction
I. Introduction A. Thesis B. Statement of problem II. Beginnings A. Childhood B. The Making of a Revolutionary III. The Five Year Plans in Industry A. Progress and Benefits to Russia B. Downfalls for the People IV. Agricultural Changes A. Collectivization B. The Liquidation of the Kulaks C. Famine V. Social Changes A. Social Benefits B. Personal Advancements C. Woman in Society VI. Purges A. The Party B. The Army C. The Burial Pits VII. Conclusion A. Summary B. Final Statement Stalin: Did his R
Technology
Technology
Technology In Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus, written in the late nineteenth century by Mary Shelley, Shelley proposes that knowledge and its effects can be dangerous to individuals and all of humanity. Frankenstein was one of our first and still is one of our best cautionary tales about scientific research.. Shelley's novel is a metaphor of the problems technology is causing today. Learn from me. . . at least by my example, how dangerous is the acquirement of knowledge and how much happ
The Taming of the Shrew is one of the earliest comedies written by six
The Taming of the Shrew is one of the earliest comedies written by six
The Taming of the Shrew is one of the earliest comedies written by sixteenth and seventeenth century English bard, William Shakespeare. Some scholars believe it may have been his first work written for the stage as well as his first comedy (Shakespearean 310). The earliest record of it being performed on stage is in 1593 or 1594. It is thought by many to be one of Shakespeare’s most immature plays (Cyclopedia 1106). In The Taming of the Shrew, Petruchio was the only suitor willing to court Kate
SHAKESPEARES WORLD
SHAKESPEARES WORLD
SHAKESPEARE’S WORLD Almost every nation on earth reads, studies and performs the works of William Shakespeare. No writer of any country, nor any age, has ever enjoyed such universal popularity. Neither has any writer been so praised. As William Hazlitt observed, The most striking peculiarity of Shakespeare’s mind was it’s generic quality, its power of communication with all other minds. It is perhaps this quality that has earned Shakespeare the supreme accolade, that of lending his name to an
Heather Arnold
Heather Arnold
Heather Arnold Democracy is a form of government in which citizens agree to work together in ruling a state. Today, the essential features are that citizens bee free… in speech and in assembly. This agreement between the citizens must be accomplished in order to form competing political parties, so all voters are able to choose the candidates in regular elections. The tem democracy comes from the Greek words demos, meaning people, and kratia, meaning rule. The first democratic forms of governme
The Crucible By Arthur MillerThe Crucible is a Dramatic play written b
The Crucible By Arthur MillerThe Crucible is a Dramatic play written b
The Crucible By: Arthur Miller The Crucible is a Dramatic play written by Arthur Miller in the early nine teen fifties,depicting the Salem witch trials and the hysteria that surrounded them. The story takes place in Salem Massachusetts in the late seventeen hundreds. The story depicts a small puritan village and the witch hysteria that is mainly created by some little girls. Arthur Miller never tells the reader why the girls start the hysteria but when u read it you get the feeling that its a g
Adultery in the Seventeenth Century
Adultery in the Seventeenth Century
Adultery in the Seventeenth Century Throughout the history of civilization, most adult humans have found that pairing off is the best way to start and raise a family. Every culture has its own way of treating these pairings – from lifelong partnerships to a promise of just a few years. Some have been made for love and some for money. In some relationships, both partners are expected to remain faithful, in others only one is allowed to stray, and sometimes both members are given a free rein. A lo
Semiotics Language and Culture
Semiotics Language and Culture
Semiotics: Language and Culture Linguistic and Cultural Semiotics is a branch of communication theory that investigates sign systems and the modes of representation that humans use to convey feelings, thoughts, ideas, and ideologies. Semiotic analysis is rarely considered a field of study in its own right, but is used in a broad range of disciplines, including art, literature, anthropology, sociology, and the mass media. Semiotic analysis looks for the cultural and psychological patterns that un
17th Century Soap Operas
17th Century Soap Operas
17th Century Soap Operas At the beginning of the seventeenth century, England went through some drastic changes. Queen Elizabeth died in 1603 after reigning for half a century, and her death effectively changed the entire social and economic make-up of England. The majority of her reign was characterized by civility, prosperity, and her complete control of the nation. After her death, James Stuart of Scotland inherited the throne, and he could not have been more different from his predecessor. W
Lauren Lay
Lauren Lay
Lauren Lay 11:40 Western Civilization Absolutism: Chapter 15 Wednesday, April 14, 2004 Absolutism The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were hard times in Europe. The Reformation brought much confusion and mishap to the people. Many people believed in The Divine Right of Kings, which eventually led to the formation of an autocracy, or rule by a single person. This person was not to be questioned or disobeyed; this soon became known as absolutism, since the monarch ruled with absolute power, t
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution I. Absolutism A. Absolutism defined 1. In the absolutist state, sovereignty resided in kings--not the nobility or the parliament--who considered themselves responsible to God alone. 2. Absolute kings created new state bureaucracies and standing armies, regulated all the institutions of government, and secured the cooperation of the nobility. a. Some historians deny that absolutism was a stage of development that followed feudalism, but, instead, was administrative monarchy.
Mexican-American Experience
Mexican-American Experience
Mexican-American Experience Arnoldo De Leon wanted to write a monograph that attempted to further the documentation of the Mexican-American experience in the early years of Texas. After long hours of research and advice from writers before him, he wrote, They Called them Greasers. This monograph tries to uncover the seeds of racism that sprang up before the Texas War for Independence and has lasted since then. De Leon tries to prove that Mexicans were never judged by their own merit, but instead
The Effects of the Industrial Revolution
The Effects of the Industrial Revolution
The Effects of the Industrial Revolution The fact that the Industrial Revolution, which originated in England, changed the world is undisputed. Our present lifestyle would have been vastly different had the related events not have occurred. However, we must not romanticize the early changes. They were plagued with disease, poverty, exploitation of children, and the deterioration of the working class. Badly needed reforms came slowly, but inventions and improvements grew at a rapid pace, all of w
Brief History of the English Language
Brief History of the English Language
Brief History of the English Language OLD ENGLISH UNTIL 1066. A BRIEF HISTORY OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE Old English (500-1100 AD) Old English Words The Angles came from an angle-shaped land area in contemporary Germany. Their name Angli from the Latin and commonly-spoken, pre-5th Century German mutated into the Old English Engle . Later, Engle changed to Angel-cyn meaning Angle-race by A.D. 1000, changing to Engla-land . Some Old English words which have survived intact include: feet, geese, teeth, me
Slavery in the United States
Slavery in the United States
Slavery in the United States The concept of slavery can be most succinctly described as “the social institution defined by law and custom as the most absolute involuntary form of human servitude.” The concept and practice of slavery has been in existence as long as man can remember, and has had a great impact on the social, economic, and political development of many countries around the world. In fact, the establishment of African-American slavery in America played a major role in the molding o
Introduction to English Studies
Introduction to English Studies
Introduction to English Studies “By and large people term ‘literature’ writing which they think is ‘good’. Assess this formulation of literature. Within this statement there arises a problem. This problem lies within the notion of what is ‘good’. For people to term a literary work as that of a ‘good piece of writing, people must have something bad, for which they can compare it to. The concept of ‘good’ writing has been an on-going argument for many centuries now, as peoples ideas change within
John Locke
John Locke
John Locke: An Historical Analysis of His Thought and Life Intro to Church History Dec. 10/99 Box #260 John Locke (1632-1704) is perhaps one of the most influential philosophers the world has ever seen. His writings became the basis of the eighteenth century enlightenment reason. Basil Willey describes Locke’s influence as such, “Locke stands at the end of the seventeenth century, and at the beginning of the eighteenth; his work is at once a summing-up of seventeenth century conclusions and the
Hawthornes Style of Writing
Hawthornes Style of Writing
Hawthorne’s Style of Writing in The Scarlet Letter and “Young Goodman Brown” Nathaniel Hawthorne was an American novelist whose works were deeply concerned with the ethical problems of sin, punishment, and atonement and contributed greatly to the evolution of modern American literature. A New England native, Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts on July 4, 1804 and died on May 19, 1864 in New Hampshire. An avid seaman, Hawthorne’s father died in 1808 when Nathaniel was only a young child.
The Intelligence Quotient
The Intelligence Quotient
The Intelligence Quotient: The Contribution of Psychology to Standardized Social Darwinism “It is safe to predict that in the near future intelligence tests will bring tens of thousands of these high-grade defective under the surveillance and protection of society. This will ultimately result in curtailing the reproduction of feeble-mindedness and in the elimination of an enormous amount of crime, pauperism, and industrial inefficiency. It is hardly necessary to emphasize that the high-grade cas
Culture of Peace
Culture of Peace
Culture of Peace Peace Theories and Pathways It is clear today that the prospect of war is far more dangerous than ever, given the technological developments of the twentieth century. One would imagine that if thousands of years of evolutionary progress could create phenomena such as electricity, motorcars, airplanes, spacecrafts, and heart transplants that the human race could find some way to escape the cycle of war that has captivated us for as long as recorded history. Unfortunately, we have
Ghana
Ghana
Ghana The Gold Coast, now known as Ghana, is one of many civilizations of Africa. It was a British Colony until March 6, 1957, when it became independent as the State of Ghana. In 1471, the Portuguese invaded this area and became involved in gold trade, giving the region the name, The Gold Coast. They built forts to protect their monopoly of gold trade from merchants representing other nations. In 1642, the Dutch West India Company captured all Portuguese strong posts and they devoted their inte
The Vietnam conflict began in the late nineteenth century The
The Vietnam conflict began in the late nineteenth century The
The Vietnam conflict began in the late nineteenth century. The French conquered Vietnam and made it a protectorate. For nearly forty years, Vietnam had not experienced settled peace. The League for the Independence of Vietnam ( Viet Minh ) was formed in 1941, seeking independence from the French. On September 2nd,1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed it independent of France. The French opposed their independence from 1945 to 1954. The first representatives of de Gualle's government landed by parachute i
After 1500 there were many signs that a new age of world history was b
After 1500 there were many signs that a new age of world history was b
After 1500 there were many signs that a new age of world history was beginning, for example the discovery of America and the first European enterprises in Asia. This ³new age² was dominated by the astonishing success of one civilization among many, that of Europe. There was more and more continuous interconnection between events in all countries, but it is to be explained by European efforts. Europeans eventually became ³masters of the globe² and they used their mastery to make the world one. Th
In The middle of the Eleventh Century The tranquillity of the eastern
In The middle of the Eleventh Century The tranquillity of the eastern
In The middle of the Eleventh Century The tranquillity of the eastern Mediterranean seemed assured for many years to come, but little did the people know what was ahead . This, thus embark us on a journey back into the First Crusade. In this paper I will be discussing the events that lead up to the first in a long line of crusades. I will also be mentioning the lives of some of the crusaders through letters that they wrote. The crusades were a time of confusion for most people, yet today we loo
Excessive possession of power in individuals often creates corruption
Excessive possession of power in individuals often creates corruption
Excessive possession of power in individuals often creates corruption that is harmful to their peers in addition to themselves. In 1887, Lord Acton said, Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely. This statement holds true for many occurrences in history. For example, Adolph Hitler abused his power and tried to change the world. He sought more and more power, ultimately winding up a corrupt and very unpopular man. Arthur Miller's The Crucible explores how power is dealt wit
Bourbon Reforms
Bourbon Reforms
Bourbon Reforms During the 1700's, the Bourbon rulers of Spain carried out many government reforms. They lowered taxes and collected them more fairly. They also built roads and other public works, and the economy began to grow. Meanwhile, strong ties developed between Spain and France because the rulers of both countries were Bourbons. The Bourbon Reforms in Spain were inspired by the French model. There were three princes of the House of Bourbon : Philip V (1700-1746), and his two sons, Ferdina
Abstract
Abstract
Abstract This paper focuses on the seventeenth century philosopher Rene' Descartes' six Meditations. In his writings, he attempts to quantify his existence, the existence of the world around him, and that of an all- knowing and powerful being, God. Each of the Meditations is briefly reviewed, and key points are explained. The concepts and conclusions that Descartes reaches are applied to the age-old question, Does God exist? Introduction According to Rene' Descartes (1596 - 1650), man is a think
History and Philosophy of Medicine Bodies in History
History and Philosophy of Medicine Bodies in History
History and Philosophy of Medicine : Bodies in History Examine the ways in which psycho-social and sexual problems became medicalised in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Were men and women affected differently by this process? A typical approach to the examination of the history of medicine involves constructing a time line upon which are placed a series of ‘breakthroughs’ which are judged for their contribution to current knowledge. This purely technical rationale does not provide
In the book Tastes of Paradise the author Wolfgang Schivelbusch talks
In the book Tastes of Paradise the author Wolfgang Schivelbusch talks
In the book, Tastes of Paradise, the author, Wolfgang Schivelbusch, talks about tobacco's transformation from snuff to cigarettes and its history throughout the centuries. Tobacco's main element, nicotine, was named for the French ambassador, Jean Nicot. He brought tobacco to France around the mid-sixteenth century. The term smoking became popular in the course of the seventeenth century. Before that time, however, it was compared with drinking. Terms such as drinking smoke and drinking to
Rome
Rome
Rome TROY HOGGARD Mr. Terry May 25, 1997 10th grade ROME Introduction Rome also known as the ancient city was the capital of the greatest empire of the ancient world. It was a great and prosperous city that was filled with at least one million people. Many people believe that the height of the city of Rome reached its height near the time that emperor constantius the second had seen it for the first time. When he had seen all the sights such as the sanctuary of Jupiter capitolinus, the public b
It would be obvious to say that society changes over the years Yet as
It would be obvious to say that society changes over the years Yet as
It would be obvious to say that society changes over the years. Yet as the years grow farther apart we tend to forget how those before us lived their lives. These historic ways of life are thankfully preserved in literary works put down and documented centuries before us. The goal of this paper is to examine the extinct life style of chivalry and show how it relates to William Shakespeare's play Hamlet. Specifically The final act and scene. As I began researching chivalry I found that there was
Two authors best who typify a Romantic style of writing are Edgar Alle
Two authors best who typify a Romantic style of writing are Edgar Alle
Two authors best who typify a Romantic style of writing are Edgar Allen Poe, and Nathaniel Hawthorne. Both authors identify their characters through the use of creative symbolism, colorful metaphors, and the use of the supernatural in their works. Like many authors of the seventeenth century Poe and Hawthorne stretched Realism beyond the edge of reality thereby developing a style of writing which today is commonly refer to as Romanticism. The use of the short story format in both The Black Cat
A TALE OF TWO CITIES
A TALE OF TWO CITIES
A TALE OF TWO CITIES By Charles Dickens A TALE OF TWO CITIES By Charles Dickens is a novel which depicts London, England, and Paris, France, in the late seventeenth century. Dickens reveals how the common people were mistreated and abused. The following quote has been used many times. It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness… These are the opening words to this novel. Dickens reveals his sympathy towards the common man durin
HIST 121-02
HIST 121-02
HIST 121-02 Richelieu and Olivares-The Quest for European Domination Elliott, J.H., Richelieu and Olivares, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984). Richelieu and Olivares was written as an account of the lives of the two great rulers of rivaling nations which struggled for the domination of Europe and the idea of a Universal monarchy in the early seventeenth century. The beginning of the book discusses the childhood/adolescent years of Richelieu and Olivares, the similarities and differen
The idea of fitting a keyboard to an instrument with strings which sta
The idea of fitting a keyboard to an instrument with strings which sta
The idea of fitting a keyboard to an instrument with strings, which started to vibrate when struck by hammers, was conceived probably in the fourteenth and certainly in the fifteenth century. For the next two hundred and fifty years, however, the harpsichord with plucked, rather than struck, strings, held undoubted sway. The clavichord also, had its adherents and within its severe limitations was responsive to gradations of finger touch, its strings struck by miniature tangents. In the late sev
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio usually referred to as Caravaggio af
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio usually referred to as Caravaggio af
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, usually referred to as Caravaggio after his birthplace near Milan, is one of the most important artists in the history of Western art. From his early teens into his twenties he was trained in Milan as an apprentice in the studio of a painter. He went to Rome in the early 1590s to enter the studio of a prominent painter. He lived a brief and dramatic life, and his work was sometimes shocking to the people of his time. Caravaggio was considered a rebel against c
Hamlet's Delay
Hamlet's Delay
Hamlet's Delay Everyone contains a tinge of Hamlet in his feelings, wants,and worries, and proudly so, for Hamlet is not like the other tragic heroes of his period. He stands apart from other Shakespeare's heroes in his today much discussed innocence. Is this supposed tragic hero maybe an ideal hero - one without the tragic flaw, which has been a part of the formula for the tragedy since the Golden age of Greece?; is a question that has been the field for many literary critics' battles. The mai