The Planet Scientists

Global Warming
Global Warming
Global Warming The greenhouse effect, in environmental science, is a popular term for the effect that certain variable constituents of the Earth's lower atmosphere have on surface temperatures. It has been known since 1896 that Earth has been warmed by a blanket of gasses (This is called the “greenhouse effect.”). The gases--water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), and methane (CH4)--keep ground temperatures at a global average of about 15 degrees C (60 degrees F). Without them the average would
The Potential Effects of a Depleted Ozone Layer - Detrykowski
The Potential Effects of a Depleted Ozone Layer - Detrykowski
The Potential Effects of a Depleted Ozone Layer - Detrykowski And God said, let there be light and there was light and then God saw the light, that it was good ( Genesis 1: 3-4 ). Undoubtedly, light is good. Without light man could not survive. Light is the ultimate cosmic force in this universe allowing man to progress and flourish. In the form of heat, light from the sun warms the Earth. Light, also, is the single most important factor influencing the growth and development of plants. Photo
The Potential Effects of a Depleted Ozone Layer
The Potential Effects of a Depleted Ozone Layer
The Potential Effects of a Depleted Ozone Layer And God said, let there be light and there was light and then God saw the light, that it was good ( Genesis 1: 3-4 ). Undoubtedly, light is good. Without light man could not survive. Light is the ultimate cosmic force in this universe allowing man to progress and flourish. In the form of heat, light from the sun warms the Earth. Light, also, is the single most important factor influencing the growth and development of plants. Photosynthesis, a p
Astronomers
Astronomers
Astronomers Part One Brief Descriptions of the Following Astronomers: Walter Baade : Baade was a German-born American, whose work gave new estimates for the age and size of the universe. During the wartime, blackouts aided his observatons and allowed him to indentify and classify stars in a new and useful way, and led him to increase and improve Hubble's values for the size and age of the universe (to the great relief of geologists.) He also worked on supernovae and radiostars. Milton Humason :
Challenger
Challenger
Challenger It was a cold, crisp, and damp morning on the Florida Space Coast as the space shuttle Challenger raced through the sky at speeds approaching mach 2 at an altitude of 104,000 feet when something went perilously wrong. All of America watched, including the family members of the seven doomed crew members, as Challenger exploded into an expansive ball of fire, smoke and steam. An Oh. . . no! came as the crew’s final utterance from the shuttle as the orbiter broke-up. As the reality of
Werner Heisenberg
Werner Heisenberg
Werner Heisenberg One cannot fully appreciate the work of Werner Heisenberg unless one examines his contributions in the context of the time in which he lived. Werner Karl Heisenberg was born in Wuerzburg, Germany, on December 5, 1901, and grew up in academic surroundings, in a household devoted to the humanities. His father was a professor at the University of Munich and undoubtedly greatly influenced young Werner, who was a student at the Maximilian Gymnasium. Heisenberg had the opportunity t
Nostradamus and a Grim Future
Nostradamus and a Grim Future
Nostradamus and a Grim Future by Mookypj English II pre-AP period 1 11/4/96 Outline I. Introduction A. Thesis sentence B. Marc Hopkins opinion on the validity of Nostradamus's predictions II. Background information on Nostradamus A. Source of Nostradamus's education B. Nostradamus's trip to Montpellier C. Tragedies strike Nostradamus 1. Plague comes to town and kills Nostradamus's family 2. Nostradamus's late wife's family sues him 3. Comment to workman results in the alarm of the Church D. Nos
The Night Sky
The Night Sky
The Night Sky Long ago, people looked into the night sky and wondered what they were looking at? How far away are those twinkles in the sky? Could they all be stars, or maybe, could they be something else? What makes certain lights brighter than others, and how does distance affect their intensity? These questions and other interesting facts will be reviewed in the following pages. One of the most common curiosities regarding the night sky is distance, which can be very hard to determine. Becau
Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton The chief figure of the scientific revolution of the 17th century was Sir Isaac Newton. He was considered one of the best scientists of all time. Much of modern science is based on the understanding and use of his laws (Knight 206). Although he is best known for the discovery of the law of universal gravitation, he also laid foundations of calculus, extended the understanding of color and light, and studied the mechanics of planetary motion. No other man has been as influential on o
The Father of Modern Astronomy
The Father of Modern Astronomy
“The Father of Modern Astronomy” JMJ April 28, 2004 Physics Period 5 From the first time children are introduced to astronomy in second grade, they are told that the sun is the center of the solar system. This was not always the case. For centuries, civilization believed the whole universe revolved around the earth. This was easy to believe since all the astral bodies seemed to make an arch across the sky, and, in relativity to the people on the ground, it was the sky that was moving, and not th
ASTEROIDS
ASTEROIDS
ASTEROIDS. Asteroids are one of the many small or minor rocky planetoids that are a member of the solar system and that move in elliptical orbits primarily between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. The largest representatives of asteroids are 1 Ceres, with a diameter of about 1,003 km, 2 Pallas and 4 Vesta, with diameters of about 550 km. About 200 asteroids have diameters of more than 97 km, and thousands of smaller ones exist. The total mass of all asteroids in the solar system is much less than
The History of Lunar Exploration
The History of Lunar Exploration
The History of Lunar Exploration Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, visual exploration with powerful telescopes yielded fairly comprehensive knowledge of the geography of the visible side of the Moon. The previously unseen far side of the Moon was first revealed to the world in October 1959 through photographs made by the Soviet Luna 3 spacecraft. These photographs showed that the far side of the Moon is similar to the near side except for the absence of large maria. Craters are now known t
Mars Exploration
Mars Exploration
Mars Exploration Adv. Bio-2 Indeed, NASA experts say their entire game plan for the latest stage of Mars exploration is based on sending twin robotic rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, to two spots on the red planet where the evidence of water is most compelling. Spirit landed on Saturday night in the heart of Gusev Crater, a massive basin larger than Connecticut that was carved out by the impact of an asteroid or comet early in Mars' history and is thought to have once held a gigantic lake. A long
The Terrestrial Planets
The Terrestrial Planets
The Terrestrial Planets A planet is a celestial body that revolves around a central star and does not shine by its own light. The only planetary system that is known to man is our solar system. It is made up of nine planets, which range in size and make-up. The terrestrial planets in our solar system are Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. There are also many other minor planets, which are also in our solar system, but they are unimportant compared to the major planets. In this paper, I will discus
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Effect The greenhouse effect is an increase in the atmospheric temperature caused by increasing amounts of greenhouse gases. These gases act as a heat blanket insulating the Earth's surface absorbing and trapping heat radiation which normally escapes from the earth. They include carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, nitrous oxide, CFC's, and other halocarbons. The earth's atmosphere goes through two processes constantly. Global cooling is the first process. This process uses the cloud
Planets and Solar System
Planets and Solar System
Planets and Solar System The Planets and the Solar System Planets 2 A planet is a celestial body that revolves around a central star and does not shine by its own light (Grolier, 1992). The only planetary system that is known to man is our solar system. It is made up of nine planets which range in size and make-up. The nine major planets in our solar system are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. There are also many other minor planets which are also in o
Virtual Reality - What it is and How it Works
Virtual Reality - What it is and How it Works
Virtual Reality - What it is and How it Works Imagine being able to point into the sky and fly. Or perhaps walk through space and connect molecules together. These are some of the dreams that have come with the invention of virtual reality. With the introduction of computers, numerous applications have been enhanced or created. The newest technology that is being tapped is that of artificial reality, or virtual reality (VR). When Morton Heilig first got a patent for his Sensorama Simulator
How many times can one cut a piece of gold in half A Greek philosopher
How many times can one cut a piece of gold in half A Greek philosopher
How many times can one cut a piece of gold in half? A Greek philosopher named Democritus was the first in a long line of scientists and mathematicians to try to answer this very difficult question. Around 450 BC, Democritus stated that all mater was composed of particles that he called atomos (where the English word atom comes from) and that these particles could not be cut. This went against the present day theory of Aristotle which was that matter could be cut infinitely. Unfortunately for De
Our Solar System at a Glance
Our Solar System at a Glance
Our Solar System at a Glance INTRODUCTION From our small world we have gazed upon the cosmic ocean for untold thousands of years. Ancient astronomers observed points of light that appeared to move among the stars. They called these objects planets, meaning wanderers, and named them after Roman deities -- Jupiter, king of the gods; Mars, the god of war; Mercury, messenger of the gods; Venus, the god of love and beauty, and Saturn, father of Jupiter and god of agriculture. The stargazers also obs
Radon
Radon
Radon In this paper I will discuss the element called Radon. I will explain how and when this element was discovered, its' physical characteristics, the natural environment of the element and the abundance in which it occurs. In addition, I will describe why Radon is important to humans, and other interesting facts related to this element. Radon has the symbol Rn. Its atomic number is 86 and its atomic weight is 222. The shell configuration is 2,8,18,32,18,8. Radon's most stable isotope is Rn 2
Life in outer space A figment of our wildest imagination or reality Th
Life in outer space A figment of our wildest imagination or reality Th
1 Life in outer space? A figment of our wildest imagination or reality? This age old question has been lingering in the heads of human minds since the beginning of reasonable thinking. Today, these questions still remain unanswered, although extensive research has been conducted by scientists across the globe for many years now. There is an immense amount of existing evidence that suggests to us that life exists beyond Earth’s boundaries, into the gigantic universe surrounding Earth itself. In
What is the Mars Pathfinder mission The Mars Pathfinder Mission is the
What is the Mars Pathfinder mission The Mars Pathfinder Mission is the
What is the Mars Pathfinder mission? The Mars Pathfinder Mission is the second launch in the Discovery Program, a NASA initiative for planetary missions with a maximum three-year development cycle and a cost cap around $150M (FY92) for development. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, manages the Mars Pathfinder for NASA. The mission is primarily an engineering demonstration of key technologies and concepts for eventual use in future missions
Because Uranus is the 7th planet from the sun not only is it cold but
Because Uranus is the 7th planet from the sun not only is it cold but
Because Uranus is the 7th planet from the sun, not only is it cold, but it's barely visible too. During the night the only way you can see it is through binoculars or telescope; sometimes on a clear night it's visible to the naked eye. Even from the planet it is dark. Only 15moons are able to be seen, the rest is too dark to tell. Uranus was discovered with a telescope, by William Herschel. Uranus reaches a maximum brightness of magnitude 5.5 and can be seen by the naked eye as a faint point of
Four billion years ago was a warm and wet planet possibly supporting
Four billion years ago was a warm and wet planet possibly supporting
Four billion years ago was a warm and wet planet, possibly supporting life. Spacecraft that once orbited Mars tells us liquid water once flowed on the planet's surface. Today Mars is a cold, dry, desertlike world with a thin atmosphere. Without any water on the Martian surface (The main thing all life must have) no living life that we no of can survuve on Mars. More than 20 years ago the Mariner and Viking missions failed to find evidence that life exists on Mars's surface, although all the che
How many times can one cut a piece of gold in half A Greek philosopher
How many times can one cut a piece of gold in half A Greek philosopher
How many times can one cut a piece of gold in half? A Greek philosopher named Democritus was the first in a long line of scientists and mathematicians to try to answer this very difficult question. Around 450 BC, Democritus stated that all mater was composed of particles that he called atomos (where the English word atom comes from) and that these particles could not be cut. This went against the present day theory of Aristotle which was that matter could be cut infinitely. Unfortunately for Dem
VrtxtTEXTRchw2w27Virtual Reality - What it is and How it Works
VrtxtTEXTRchw2w27Virtual Reality - What it is and How it Works
vr.txtTEXTR*ch[­®w2À®w2Å7î®Virtual Reality - What it is and How it Works Imagine being able to point into the sky and fly. Or perhaps walk through space and connect molecules together. These are some of the dreams that have come with the invention of virtual reality. With the introduction of computers, numerous applications have been enhanced or created. The newest technology that is being tapped
Virtual Reality - What it is and How it Works
Virtual Reality - What it is and How it Works
Virtual Reality - What it is and How it Works Imagine being able to point into the sky and fly. Or perhaps walk through space and connect molecules together. These are some of the dreams that have come with the invention of virtual reality. With the introduction of computers, numerous applications have been enhanced or created. The newest technology that is being tapped is that of artificial reality, or virtual reality (VR). When Morton Heilig first got a patent for his Sensorama Simulator i
Another Virtual Reality
Another Virtual Reality
Another Virtual Reality Imagine being able to point into the sky and fly. Or perhaps walk through space and connect molecules together. These are some of the dreams that have come with the invention of virtual reality. With the introduction of computers, numerous applications have been enhanced or created. The newest technology that is being tapped is that of artificial reality, or virtual reality (VR). When Morton Heilig first got a patent for his Sensorama Simulator in 1962, he had no idea tha
Intelligent Design of the
Intelligent Design of the
Intelligent Design of the The search for knowledge about the origin of humanity is as old as its inhabitants. Since the early 1800's mankind has narrowed the debate to creation by a Supreme Being and the theory of evolution. Ever since then, science has been at odds against religion. Now it appears that science is returning to religion. Scientists are finding proof that the universe was created by a Supreme Being. The word evolution refers to the change of something over a period of time(Webster
Metallic Hydrogen
Metallic Hydrogen
Metallic Hydrogen Hydrogen: the most abundant element in the universe. Normally it has been considered to remain a non-metal at any range of temperatures and pressures. That is, until now. Recently this year, hydrogen was changed into a metallic substance, which could conduct electricity. An experiment conducted by William J. Nellis et al. at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory accomplished this feat. Hydrogen was converted from a non-metallic liquid, into a liquid metal. The likelihood t
BETA PICTORIS PLANETS LIFE OR WHAT
BETA PICTORIS PLANETS LIFE OR WHAT
BETA PICTORIS: PLANETS? LIFE? OR WHAT? JARA ASTRONOMY 102 SEC 013 The ultimate question is; Is there a possibility that life might exist on a planet in the Beta Pictoris system? First, one must ask, Are there planets in the Beta Pictoris system?. However, that question would be impossible to answer if one did not answer the most basic questions first; Where do planets come from? and do the key elements and situations, needed to form planets, exist in the Beta Pictoris system?. To understand wher
Comets
Comets
Comets Have you ever looked up in the sky and seen a little ball creeping by? If so, did you wonder what it was? That little ball is called a comet. Comets are small, fragile, and irregularly shaped. Most are composed of frozen gas. However, some are composed of frozen gas and non-volatile grains. They usually follow very strict paths around the sun. Comets become most visible when they cross the sun. This also applies to people who view comets with telescopes. When a comet gets near the sun it
Star Mars
Star Mars
Star Mars Since the boom in space technology about 30 years ago, man has found the method for expanding his existence beyond the many once thought unbreakable barriers. Together with this development in space technology came a large quantity of information and discoveries of the compounds of the universe, and scientific questions seemed to jump out in equal number. The question that captures the eye of the media today causing a bitter controversy is probably the most easy to understand, consid
The Greenhouse Effect
The Greenhouse Effect
The Greenhouse Effect The greenhouse effect, in environmental science, is a popular term for the effect that certain variable constituents of the Earth's lower atmosphere have on surface temperatures. These gases--water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), and methane (CH4)--keep ground temperatures at a global average of about 15 degrees C (60 degrees F). Without them the average would be below the freezing point of H20. The gases have this effect because as incoming solar radiation strikes the s
Choas Theory In Biology
Choas Theory In Biology
Choas Theory In Biology Chaos In Biological Systems In today’s world of high-tech methods to study just about anything that exists, we are still imperfect. Scientists continue to look for ways to understand, explain, and even predict the actions and reactions of the universe. In the last two centuries, scientists have been looking in every possible place to understand the universe; from science, to math, even religion. They have turned to mathematicians and their strange theories of determinism
Comets
Comets
Comets The first written records of comets date back to nearly 3,000 years ago from China and Europe. The accounts of these comets were believed to be the causes of terrible events that occurred afterwards. In more recent times, however, astronomers have found out what they really are. A comet is basically a mixture of ices, from both water and frozen gases, and dust. They have also been given the names “dirty snowballs” or “icy mud balls.” The typical comet is less than 10 kilometers across. Th
Mercury Report
Mercury Report
Mercury Report Mercury Report The magnificent planet Mercury is the planet I have chosen to research. In this report I have explained all there is to know about Mercury. The Romans gave Mercury its name after the fleet-footed messenger of the gods, because it seemed to move quicker than any other planet. It is the closest planet to the Sun, and second smallest planet in the solar system. Its diameter is 40% smaller than Earth, and 40% larger than the Moon. It is even smaller than Jupiter's moon
The moon
The moon
the moon The Moon The Moon is the only natural satellite of Earth. The distance from Earth is about 384,400km with a diameter of 3476km and a mass of 7.35*1022kg. Through history it has had many names: Called Luna by the Romans, Selene and Artemis by the Greeks. And of course, has been known through prehistoric times. It is the second brightest object in the sky after the Sun. Due to its size and composition; the Moon is sometimes classified as a terrestrial planet along with Mercury, Venus, Ear
Theories Of The Origin Of The Moon
Theories Of The Origin Of The Moon
Theories Of The Origin Of The Moon The Moon is the only natural satellite of Earth. The distance from Earth is about 384,400km with a diameter of 3476km and a mass of 7.35*1022kg. Through history it has had many names: Called Luna by the Romans, Selene and Artemis by the Greeks. And of course, has been known through prehistoric times. It is the second brightest object in the sky after the Sun. Due to its size and composition, the Moon is sometimes classified as a terrestrial planet along with Me
Virtual Reality
Virtual Reality
Virtual Reality Imagine being able to point into the sky and fly. Or perhaps walk through space and connect molecules together. These are some of the dreams that have come with the invention of virtual reality. With the introduction of computers, numerous applications have been enhanced or created. The newest technology that is being tapped is that of artificial reality, or virtual reality (VR). When Morton Heilig first got a patent for his Sensorama Simulator in 1962, he had no idea that 30 yea
Geothermal Energy
Geothermal Energy
Geothermal Energy Geothermal Energy Matt Arnold 9/17/96 Physics 009 Professor Arns The human population is currently using up its fossil fuel supplies at staggering rates. Before long we will be forced to turn somewhere else for energy. There are many possibilities such as hydroelectric energy, nuclear energy, wind energy, solar energy and geothermal energy to name a few. Each one of these choices has its pros and cons. Hydroelectric power tends to upset the ecosystems in rivers and lakes. It af
Richard Jin 111702
Richard Jin 111702
Richard Jin 11/17/02 Yantz period 1 Question #1 Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer who wrote On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres. In this book, he challenged the Ptolemaic system in the most conservative manner possible. The Ptolemaic system assumed that the Earth was the center of the universe. Above the Earth lay a series of crystalline spheres, which contained the sun, moon, stars, and other planets. Copernicus said that if the Earth were assumed to move about the sun in a ci
Lake Vostok An untouched unaltered
Lake Vostok An untouched unaltered
Lake Vostok: An untouched, unaltered, pristine new world, why should we drill it? Grady Lynch ENVS 232 Due: Oct. 17, 2003 Russia is planning on drilling a 35 million year old lake in the middle of the Antarctica. This lake, Lake Vostok, is 670 meters deep or roughly 2198 feet deep and each liter or water contains approximately 2.5 liters of compressed air (Space Daily, Aug. 2003), now why is this, a good idea? This lake could contain new information on some of the blank spots in earth history.
Mercury
Mercury
Mercury Mercury is the eighth largest planet in our solar system, equaling roughly one-third of Earth's size. It is also the planet closest to the sun, and is often visible with binoculars, or even the naked eye. It's difficult to see in the twilight sky. One of Mercury's most distinguishable features is its rugged surface, which is similar to the surface of the Earth's moon. In Roman mythology, Mercury is the god of commerce and thievery. He is considered the Roman counterpart of the Greek god
Richard Jin 112302
Richard Jin 112302
Richard Jin 11/23/02 Yantz period 1 1984 Essay The Scientific Revolution was a period of developments in scientific thought about the universe and humanity's place in it. The Catholic Church believed in the Ptolemaic system, or the geocentric system, where the earth was the center of the universe. Copernicus and other astronomers would prove this theory wrong. Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer who wrote On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres. In this book, he challenged the Ptolem
The History of Dinosaurs
The History of Dinosaurs
The History of Dinosaurs The dinosaurs were reptiles that appeared about 230 million years ago. It's believed that they had scaly skin and some ate plants and others ate meat. Scientists don't know whether or not the dinosaurs were cold blooded, but they think the smaller ones were warm blooded, and the large ones were cold-blooded. In this report you'll learn about the earliest dinosaurs, the kinds of dinosaurs, and how the dinosaurs died. There are two main groups of the earliest dinosaurs: T
Kurt Vonnegut A Canary in a Coal Mine
Kurt Vonnegut A Canary in a Coal Mine
Kurt Vonnegut: A Canary in a Coal Mine Kurt Vonnegut Served as a sensitive cell in the organism of American Society during the 1960's. His work alerted the public about the absurdity of modern warfare and an increasingly mechanized and impersonal society in which humans were essentially worthless and degenerated. The satirical tone and sardonic humor allowed people to read his works and laugh at their own misfortune. Vonnegut was born on November 11, 1922, in Indianapolis, where he was reared.
David Suzuki's A Planet for the Taking
David Suzuki's A Planet for the Taking
David Suzuki's A Planet for the Taking In the essay A Planet for the Taking, David Suzuki describes Canadians' odd appreciation for this great natural bounty we call our own. He is an internationally acclaimed scientist who is concerned about the welfare of Canada. Suzuki's intended audience is the Canadian population that does not realize the grave danger they are instilling upon themselves by haphazardly taking our resources without looking at the subsequent repercussions of their actions. T
Humans Soon to be Extinct Say it ain't so
Humans Soon to be Extinct Say it ain't so
Humans Soon to be Extinct... Say it ain't so!! by Ryan Shoquist English 121 Dr. Gilliard November 23, 1996 Table of Contents Abstract.....................................page Body.........................................pages Bibliography.................................page Appendix.....................................pages Structured List.........................page Figures.................................page Figures.................................page Figures...............................
Ozone Depletion
Ozone Depletion
Ozone Depletion In this world of rapid change, it's extremely difficult for a company to stay ahead of the game even using all the resources available to them. So, it's difficult to imagine the problems they would run into when a group of environmentalists decide to boycott a substance which is the foundation of their company. These chemicals, although very useful, cause consequences that need to be dealt with now in order to prevent further damage. The chemicals in question are numerous, but th