The Nine Negro

Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action Thesis: Although many people believe that affirmative Action is a form of racism, it is actually used to help minorities find employment in an otherwise racist world. “In the United States, equality is a recurring theme. It has flared into a fervent moral issue at crucial stages of American history: The revolutionary and Jacksonian Period, and the New Deal. In each era, the legitimacy of American society is challenged by some set of people unhappy with the degree of equality”
Discrimination
Discrimination
Discrimination The struggle for social and economic equality of Black people in America has been long and slow. It is sometimes amazing that any progress has been made in the racial equality arena at all; every tentative step forward seems to be diluted by losses elsewhere. For every Stacey Koons that is convicted, there seems to be a Texaco executive waiting to send Blacks back to the past. Throughout the struggle for equal rights, there have been courageous Black leaders at the forefront of
The Life of Abraham Lincoln
The Life of Abraham Lincoln
The Life of Abraham Lincoln Although other states such as Indiana lay claim to his birth, most sources agree that Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, in a backwoods cabin in Hodgeville, Kentucky. In an interview during his campaign for the presidency in 1860 Lincoln described his adolescence as the short and simple annals of the poor. (p 30). His father Thomas was a farmer who married Nancy Hanks, his mother, in 1806. Lincoln had one sister, Sarah, who was born in 1807. The Lincoln
Booker T Washington
Booker T Washington
Booker T. Washington Booker Taliaferro Washington was born on April 5, 1856 in Franklin County, Virginia near a cross-roads post-office called Hale’s Ford. He was an American educator and a black leader. When Booker was a child he worked in coal mines for nine months a year and spent the other three attending school. In 1875 he graduated after working his way through Hampton Institute. In 1881 he became the first president of Tuskegee Institute, a trade school for blacks that live in Alabama. Wh
Picking research projects sometimes for me is an agonizing problem tha
Picking research projects sometimes for me is an agonizing problem tha
Picking research projects, sometimes for me, is an agonizing problem that eventually turns into an enlightening experience; what was to be my American Humanities research project was just such an experience. I had preliminarily thought I'd look into cultural myths. While researching myths, I ran across El Dorado Springs, MO., under the category of geographical myths, in the library computer. I thought how interesting while also wondering why. The book listed had been published in 1887, with a q
Porgy and Bess symbolizes the end of the black musical tradition that
Porgy and Bess symbolizes the end of the black musical tradition that
Porgy and Bess symbolizes the end of the black musical tradition that flourished in the early part of this century. The play showed the height of white appropriation of what had previously been a black cultural form. All the creative talent backstage was white. This development had been occurring slowly, throughout the 1920’s, but black artists had often worked in a variety of creative capacities. Porgy and Bess became a black musical in its most minimal sense, only as a definition of the c
Prejudice is a common problem during the early quarter of the twentiet
Prejudice is a common problem during the early quarter of the twentiet
Prejudice is a common problem during the early quarter of the twentieth century. In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird this problem is evident in Maycomb. Boo Radley, Atticus Finch and Tom Robinson are all victims of prejudice, and all three characters are plagued by this. It affects them all differently; crippling them and disabling them from acting as they wish. In the novel, Boo Radley is a victim of prejudice. Boo Radley is not accepted nor does he fit into Maycomb society because he is differ
Many social changes that were addressed in the 1960s are still the
Many social changes that were addressed in the 1960s are still the
  Many social changes that were addressed in the 1960s are still the issues being confronted today. the '60s was a decade of social and political upheaval. in spite of all the turmoil, there were some positive results: the civil rights revolution, john f. Kennedy's bold vision of a new frontier, and the breathtaking advances in space, helped bring about progress and prosperity. however, much was negative: student and anti-war protest movements, political assassinations, and ghetto riots excited
The Marburg Virus
The Marburg Virus
The Marburg Virus Many new viruses are emerging from the rainforest every year. The deadly viruses include the Ebola, Marburg, and AIDS viruses. They are some of the most destructive and lethal viruses that human kind has ever seen. They seem to affect most of the body and it’s organs with some rather gruesome symptoms. Although most die ending their suffering, some survive to relay the story of their pain. The Marburg virus described in The Hot Zone , by Richard Preston, exemplifies these ne
After the Reconstruction years blacks and whites often rode together i
After the Reconstruction years blacks and whites often rode together i
After the Reconstruction years, blacks and whites often rode together in the same railway cars, ate in the same restaurants, used the same public facilities, but did not often interact as equals. The emergence of large black communities in urban areas and of significant black labor force in factories presented a new challenge to white Southerners. They could not control these new communities in the same informal ways they had been able to control rural blacks, which were more directly dependent
Report on With Malice Toward None by Stephen BOates Published by Men
Report on With Malice Toward None by Stephen BOates Published by Men
Report on With Malice Toward None by Stephen B.Oates Published by Mentor Books written (ripped off) by Adam Klosowicz :) 551-77-7284 Oct 15, 1996 About the Author -------------- Stephen B. Oates is a professor of history at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and the author of eight other books, including The Fires of Jubilee and To Purge This Land with Blood. His task in this biography was to perpetuate Lincoln as he was in the days he lived. His purpose of this biography was to bring t
The Values of the Invisible Man
The Values of the Invisible Man
The Values of the Invisible Man I awoke, there was a crash on the upper deck. I heard a thunderous crackling from my head above. I ran up the stairs and what I saw devastated me. The small wooden boat was completely coated in billowy flames. Help, help, somebody please! I slowly moved towards the sound being careful to dodge flames as much as possible. The smoke was choking me. I could see a faint outline of a face across the deck. It was Tom, my lifelong friend and companion. He was completely
COLORED TROOPS IN UNITED STATES HISTORY
COLORED TROOPS IN UNITED STATES HISTORY
COLORED TROOPS IN UNITED STATES HISTORY UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS Before Fort Sumter, South Carolina was fired upon on April 12, 1861, seven states in the deep south had seceded from the Union, and a Convention was held in Montgomery, Alabama which adopted a Constitution and elected Jefferson Davis as President of the Confederate States of America. Shortly thereafter, four more states seceded, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. Slave states remaining in the Union were Missouri
Marcus Garvey A Black Hero
Marcus Garvey A Black Hero
Marcus Garvey: A Black Hero American Literature March 29, 2004 When most people think of Black Nationalism they think of the Black Panthers or 2-Pac more recently. But what they don’t know is that a century ago the world had its first taste of African Americans need for unity. Marcus Garvey was born in Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr. in St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica in 1887. Garvey had experience with politics when he was 20 he was an active trade unionist and was elected vice president of the compositors’ b
Poverty
Poverty
Poverty Poverty is a wide spread problem that is present everywhere in the world. The effect of it is quite the same everywhere. However, even though some countries have the resources to eliminate poverty, most do not choose to do so. For example, the U.S. ignores poverty at home, while spends 50 billion dollars to fight the war in Iraq as given in War Resistance League website (http://www.warresisters.org/piechart.htm). The question of poverty was discussed in books by U. Sinclair, R. Cohen and
US Expansionism
US Expansionism
U.S. Expansionism During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the United States pursued an aggressive policy of expansionism, extending its political and economic influence around the globe. That pivotal era in the history of our nation is the subject of this on-line history. Through the course of history, many of the nations in the world expanded internationally through imperialism. These nations were creating empires throughout the world. The United States of America for example,
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Civil Rights Act of 1964 Civil Rights When the Government Stood Up For Civil Rights All my life I've been sick and tired, and now I'm just sick and tired of being sick and tired. No one can honestly say Negroes are satisfied. We've only been patient, but how much more patience can we have? Mrs. Hamer said these words in 1964, a month and a day before President Lyndon B. Johnson would sign the historic Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law. She speaks for the mood of a race, a race that for centuries
Robinson Crusoe
Robinson Crusoe
Robinson Crusoe Part 1 Robinson Crusoe is a brilliantly adventurous story written by Daniel Defoe in 1719. It is about a revolutionary man who achieves his ambition of traveling the world. He discovers both the fortunes and misfortunes in life. This story starts in the city of York in the year 1632. Robinson Crusoe is a boy who has been educated to become a lawyer. His father being a very aged man had taught him enough to commence in the study of law. However to Robinson Crusoe, this easy future
The Black Muslims
The Black Muslims
The Black Muslims HRW 3A May 18, 2001 Rapper Chuck D of the politically charged group Public Enemy once proclaimed that the Black Man did not land on Plymouth Rock as the white pilgrims are believed to have done, but instead Plymouth Rock landed on the Black Man. It had taken nearly four hundred years for the Black Man to climb from beneath this proverbial rock. Leading the climb during the civil rights movement was the Nation of Islam, the most influential and directional group in the history o
Double Consciousness
Double Consciousness
Double Consciousness “After the Egyptian and Indian, the Greek and Roman, the Teuton and Mongolian, the Negro is a sort of seventh son, born with a veil, and gifted with second-sight in this American world,—a world which yields him no true self-consciousness, but only lets him see himself through the revelation of the other world. It is a peculiar sensation, this double-consciousness, this sense of always looking at one’s self through the eyes of others, of measuring one’s soul by the tape of a
Research on Baseball
Research on Baseball
Research on Baseball English 12 03/15/04 How did Baseball first start? Baseball first started in the early days of civilization. Baseball had spread throughout Europe by the middle ages and became popular in different ways. The Europeans brought the sport of Baseball to the American colonies in the early 1600’s. In 1869, Baseball became an American sport and was introduced as a professional league under the name of Major League Baseball (MLB). The rules of Baseball were originally created on Sep
CURRENT EVENTS 1945-1996
CURRENT EVENTS 1945-1996
CURRENT EVENTS: 1945-1996 1945 On April 12 Harry S. Truman became President of the United States of America., In Washington, D.C. On August 6 at 9:15 a.m. US fighter planes dropped an Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima Japan. In Berlin, Germany on April 30, Adolf Hitler was found dead, Hitler committed suicide. 1946 On October 16 in Nurenburg, 9 Nazi war criminals were hanged for the crimes during WW II. On April 25 Big Four Ministers met in Paris to finalize a treaty with Germany, to end WWII. In Austria
The Dred Scott Decision
The Dred Scott Decision
The Dred Scott Decision The Dred Scott decision of the Supreme Court in March 1857 was one of the major steps on the road to secession. Dred Scott was a slave who was taken to Missouri from Virginia and sold. His new master then moved to Illinois (a free state) for a while but soon moved back to Missouri. Upon his master's death, Scott claimed that since he had resided in a free state, he was consequentially a free man. The case eventually made it to the Supreme Court. As stated by Supreme Court
A Discussion on the Myth and Failure of Reconstruction Following the C
A Discussion on the Myth and Failure of Reconstruction Following the C
A Discussion on the Myth and Failure of Reconstruction Following the Civil War, and How This Failure Impacted and Changed America Then And Now Reconstruction . . . Spell the word one way, with a small r , and it has a good American purposefulness; for it means a putting together, a rebuilding, a rehabilitation. Spell it another way, with a capital R , and it becomes for many a malediction; and for others an almost forgotten, unreached, and needful goal; and for still others a vaguely unclean me
Since its earliest days nearly 150 years ago baseball has captured the
Since its earliest days nearly 150 years ago baseball has captured the
Since its earliest days nearly 150 years ago, baseball has captured the imagination of Americans. Tales of Babe Ruth’s towering blasts, TyCobb’s daring on the base paths, Joe DiMaggio’s grace in the field, and Ted Williams’s sweet batting stroke are passed down from generation to generations. The legend and lore of baseball’s history give the sport a stature and majesty that other games in the United States lack. What I have to say is a part of baseball history that is seldom told. It is a story
Elizabeth Candy Stanton was one of the most outspoken and controversia
Elizabeth Candy Stanton was one of the most outspoken and controversia
Elizabeth Candy Stanton was one of the most outspoken and controversial political philosophers of the mid-eighteen hundreds. Stanton was not only a strong supporter of womens suffrage, but a strong supporter for improved womens rights. Elizabeth Candy Stanton sought to change laws that took away liberties from married women, as well as laws that left divorced women poor and without their children. Although Elizabeth Candy Stanton is remembered mostly for her work in the womens suffrage movement
The Demon Within
The Demon Within
The Demon Within Othello is Shakespeare’s most complete tragedy. It is filled, in my opinion, with some of the strongest characters in all of Shakespeare’s plays. Othello, the play’s main character, is a cultured Moor, nevertheless insecure and hiding behind a facade of Venetian values and customs. He manages to assimilate into Western European society by denying his background and winning the hearts of the masses (and their daughters) with his tales of victory and strife. He is even appointed
Civil War Timeline - US History
Civil War Timeline - US History
Civil War Timeline - US History Fort Sumter Attacked April 12, 1861 - At 4:30 a.m. Confederates under Gen. Pierre Beauregard open fire with 50 cannons upon Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War begins. April 14, 1861. - Fort Sumter after its capture, showing damage from the Rebel bombardment of over 3000 shells and now flying the Rebel Stars and Bars April 17, 1861 - Virginia secedes from the Union, followed within five weeks by Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina, thus
Page 1
Page 1
Page 1 “The book, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, is thought of as a fantastic, even fanatic, representation of Southern life, most memorable for its emotional oversimplification of the complexities of the slave system,” says Gossett (4). Harriet Beecher Stowe describes her own experiences or ones that she has witnessed in the past through the text in her novel. She grew up in Cincinnati where she had a very close look at slavery. Located on the Ohio River across from the slave state of Kentucky, the city w
1960's
1960's
1960's By Jonny Skoo Many social changes that were addressed in the 1960s are still the issues being confronted today. the '60s was a decade of social and political upheaval. in spite of all the turmoil, there were some positive results: the civil rights revolution, john f. Kennedy's bold vision of a new frontier, and the breathtaking advances in space, helped bring about progress and prosperity. however, much was negative: student and anti-war protest movements, political assassinations, and g
The First and Second Reconstructions promised to help end racial injus
The First and Second Reconstructions promised to help end racial injus
The First and Second Reconstructions promised to help end racial injustices in America. The First Reconstruction, coming out of the chaos of the Civil War wished equality for Blacks in voting, politics, and use of public facilities. The Second Reconstruction came out of the booming economy of the 1950's. Its goals were integration, the end of Jim Crow laws and the bigger goal of making America a biracial democracy where, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave holders will be ab
Comparing the slave systems of two distinct countries Brazil
Comparing the slave systems of two distinct countries Brazil
Comparing the slave systems of two distinct countries, Brazil and the United States is no easy task. When writing an essay on the subject historians should take an objective perspective and their essay should reflect all of the facts available on the subject. Frank Tannenbaum, Carl N. Degler, Thomas E. Skidmore and Milton Meltzer did not do this. Each author had an idea or theory they wanted to convey to the reader. So in order to produce a well documented essay each author crafted their essays
Paul Laurence Dunbar
Paul Laurence Dunbar
Paul Laurence Dunbar: Paul Laurence Dunbar stands out as the first poet from the Negro race in the United States to shoe a combined mastery over poetic material and poetic technique, to reveal innate literary distinction in what he wrote, and to maintain a high level of performance. He was the first to rise to a height from which he could take a perspective view of his own race. He was the first to see objectively its humor, its superstitions, it yearnings, its aspiration, and to voice them al
What Happened in Little Rock Arkansas 1957-1959
What Happened in Little Rock Arkansas 1957-1959
What Happened in Little Rock, Arkansas 1957-1959? After slavery, little by little, blacks were gaining their rights and equality. Even so, African Americans were considered equal but separate. Most whites believed that the white race is superior to black and that the races should be separated (Kluger 83). During 1950s, racism became a main national concern. Civil rights organizations, such as National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) pressured the courts to take actions
Dear Sir or Madam
Dear Sir or Madam
Dear Sir or Madam, Over the past four years, I have grown into an exceptional writer. When I began my high school career, I was a decent writer. Throughout my first year of high school I learned about mechanics and sentence structure. This made my technical skills improve greatly. My sophomore year the quality of my writing skills expanded and I learned more about how to use words in a more professional way and many new ways of writing, including personal narratives, short stories, and poems. W
BASEBALL
BASEBALL
BASEBALL Whoever wants to know the heart and mind of America had better learn baseball, the rules and realities of the game, wrote American author and historian Jacques Barzun. Baseball has been called America's national pastime, and for more than 150 years people of all ages have enjoyed playing or watching the game all over the world. Every year more than 70 million spectators attend games played by the major league teams in North America and by professional teams around the world, especial
Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States
Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States
Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a vast nation that arose from a scattering of British colonial outposts in the New World. The first humans to inhabit the North American continent were migrants from northeast Asia who established settlements in North America as early as 8000 BC and possibly much earlier (see NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGY). By about AD 1500 the native peoples of the areas north of the Rio Grande had developed a variety of different c
Booker Taliaferro Washington was born on April 51856 in Franklin Count
Booker Taliaferro Washington was born on April 51856 in Franklin Count
Booker Taliaferro Washington was born on April 5,1856 in Franklin County, Virginia. Washington gained an early appreciation for the values of family and education. Booker had been blessed with an intact family, with one exception of having a white father who never contributed to his life and whose identity Washington never acknowledged. From the lifelong inspiration of his mother, Jane, Booker learned lasting lessons of courage, perseverance, resourcefulness, and postive concepts, which influen
The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest court of the jud
The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest court of the jud
The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest court of the judic ial branch of the United States government. Many of the cases that make it to the supreme court are based on rights set forth by the Bill of Rights. The Bil l of Rights is comprised of the first ten amendments to the United States Consti tution, and is what this nation was founded upon. The first of these amendment s deals with freedoms given to the people, one of these freedoms being Freedom o f the Press. This freedom giv
To Kill a Mocking Bird-The Ewell Residence
To Kill a Mocking Bird-The Ewell Residence
To Kill a Mocking Bird-The Ewell Residence In To Kill a Mocking Bird, Harper Lee gives us a very detailed description of Robert Ewell, his family, and how he lives. A good example is the passage in which Robert Ewell testifies in the Tom Robinson Trial. This is a description of the Ewell's home as well as an insight into the Ewells themselves. We learn what kind of a father Robert is and the kind of life into which he has forced his eldest daughter, Mayella. We also see how the county of Maycomb
To Kill a Mocking Bird
To Kill a Mocking Bird
To Kill a Mocking Bird In To Kill a Mocking Bird, Harper Lee gives us a very detailed description of Robert Ewell, his family, and how he lives. A good example is the passage in which Robert Ewell testifies in the Tom Robinson Trial. This is a description of the Ewell's home as well as an insight into the Ewells themselves. We learn what kind of a father Robert is and the kind of life into which he has forced his eldest daughter, Mayella. We also see how the county of Maycomb cruelly discriminat
Baseball Paper
Baseball Paper
Baseball Paper From the sandlot to stadiums seating over fifty thousand people, the game of baseball has provided people of all ages with a common foundation; a sport we can all call our national pastime. Though its concept sounds simple, a game using a ball and a bat, millions of people all over the world have sought involvement in it by either playing at some level, or just sitting back and watching a game. With professional baseball attracting more and more fans each season, no one knows what
Constitution Of The United States Of America
Constitution Of The United States Of America
Constitution Of The United States Of America Constitution of The United States of America Preamble The Constitution consists of a preamble, 7 articles , and 27 amendments. The first part of the constitution is the Preamble. The Preamble explains the purpose for writing the Constitution and the main ideas to be carried out by the government and the people in order to make a more perfect union. Each purpose of the preamble had a special meaning to statesmen in seventeen eighty nine. The purpose wa
Dredd Scott Decision
Dredd Scott Decision
Dredd Scott Decision Shocks, Throes, and Convulsions Slavery is founded on the selfishness of man's nature--opposition to it on his love of justice. These principles are in eternal antagonism; and when brought into collision so fiercely as slavery extension brings them, shocks and throes and convulsions must ceaselessly follow. (Abraham Lincoln)[1] America in 1857 was A Nation on the Brink as defined by Kenneth Stampp in his book with the same title. Relationships between the Northern and Southe
Nature vs Nurture
Nature vs Nurture
Nature vs. Nurture The dubious history of the heredity environment controversy can be easily traced as far back as the start of the present century with at least some historical evidence placing the roots of this dispute in the time of John Locke. This controversy has continued despite continual reiteration that the critical question is not how much of a trait is due to heredity and how much is due to environment, but rather how environment transact to influence development.” ( Wachs , 1983, p.
Decriminalize Marijuana for the Good of America
Decriminalize Marijuana for the Good of America
Decriminalize Marijuana for the Good of America Currently, drugs remain high on the lists of concerns of Americans and are considered one of the major problems facing our country today. We see stories on the news about people being killed on the street every day over drugs. To many people drugs are only an inner-city problem, but in reality they affect all of us - users and non-users. I believe that the negative affects we associate with drugs would be greatly reduced if the United States adopte
The Goals and Failures of the First and Second Reconstructions
The Goals and Failures of the First and Second Reconstructions
The Goals and Failures of the First and Second Reconstructions Some people say we've got a lot of malice some say its a lot of nerve. But, I say we won't quit moving until we get what we deserve. We have been bucked and we have been conned. We have been treated bad, talked about as just bones. But just as it takes two eyes to eyes make a pair. Brother we won't quit until we get our share. Say it loud- I'm Black and I'm Proud. James Brown The First and Second Reconstructions held out the great pr
Mark Twain and His Masterpiece The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Mark Twain and His Masterpiece The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Mark Twain and His Masterpiece: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn ________ A Research Paper Presented to Mr. Neil of Chula Vista High School ________ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for English 10 Honors/Gate ________ By: Id #: 937228 May 16, 1996 Outline I. Samuel Clemens A. Who he is B. Where he was born C. Family II. How Samuel came to be Mark Twain A. His working life B. First writings III. The Adventures of Huck Finn A. Story Plot 1. The outside of the book 2. The inside of the
The Town of El Dorado Springs
The Town of El Dorado Springs
The Town of El Dorado Springs Picking research projects, sometimes for me, is an agonizing problem that eventually turns into an enlightening experience; what was to be my American Humanities research project was just such an experience. I had preliminarily thought I'd look into cultural myths. While researching myths, I ran across El Dorado Springs, MO., under the category of geographical myths, in the library computer. I thought how interesting while also wondering why. The book listed had bee
Lyndon Johnson
Lyndon Johnson
Lyndon Johnson Lyndon Johnson led the country for five years (1963-1968) after President John Fitzgerald Kennedy died of gunshot wounds on November 22, 1963. He formulated many policies and carried out many others that Kennedy could not finish. He faced many foreign problems as well, including the Vietnam War and the Cold War. How he dealt with foreign problems put him near last if not last in foreign affairs, when compared to other presidents. Johnson always talked to tourists and met reporters