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Anti-Semitism
Anti-Semitism Anti-Semitism is the political, social and economic activities directed against Jewish people. The term is now used to denote anti-Judaic acts or sentiments based on any grounds, including religious ones. The word Semitic derives from the decedents of Shem, the oldest son of Noah. Around 1880, the term anti-Semitism was used to denote hostility only towards Jews. This hostility is supposedly justified by a theory developed in Germany in the mid nineteenth century, that people of...

Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States
Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a vast nation that arose from a scattering of British colonial outposts in the New World. The first humans to inhabit the North American continent were migrants from northeast Asia who established settlements in North America as early as 8000 BC and possibly much earlier (see NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGY). By about AD 1500 the native peoples of the areas north of the Rio Grande had developed a variety of different c...

The Power of Words
The Power of Words In colonial times words like tyranny, enslavement, entrapment and slavery were part of the cultural norm. These words were common place and often used to describe the British control over the colonies, but how much of these descriptions were true? Were the British really the monsters the colonists made them out to be? The two most influential documents of the time were Thomas Paines Common Sense and Thomas Jeffersons The Declaration of Independence. Yet were t...

Even though Chile is isolated geographically it has not been immune to
Even though Chile is isolated geographically, it has not been immune to foreign threats. The country of Chile has developed some of the strongest military and naval traditions in Latin America. Following the declaration of independence in 1810, Chile became the first country in Latin America to organize the armed forces on a professional basis. The army and navy quickly earned the reputation for effectiveness. Chiles coastline, which stretches 2650 miles, and its elongated shape are major defen...

July 1 1997 a significant date for all people in Hong Kong and much of
July 1, 1997, a significant date for all people in Hong Kong and much of the Asian community. Hong Kong will be reverted to a powerful communist nation. Ironically, many of the world's communist countries are reverting to democratic governments. What will this date mean for, not only Southeast Asia, but for the rest of the world economic community, primarily the United States? Will Hong Kong still function, economically, as it does now or will power from People's Republic of China (China) quick...

The Islamic Resistance Movement commonly known as Hamas is a Palestini
The Islamic Resistance Movement, commonly known as Hamas, is a Palestinian Islamic fundamentalist movement and terrorist organization whose primary goal is the establishment of an Islamic state in place of Israel. The word Hamas is an acronym for Harakat Al-Muqawama Al-Islamia, the organizations full Arabic name. The Arabic word hamas literally translated means zeal or enthusiasm, although the groups membership interprets it to mean courage and bravery. The Islamic Resistance Movement...

American Revolution
American Revolution The signing of Declaration of Independence brought an end to the minor skirmishes of the American rebellion. Britain launched large-scale offensives against the Continental army commanded by George Washington, defeating the rebel forces in nearly every battle. A few spectacular American victories kept the rebellion alive. Two of these were the Battles of Trenton and Princeton. (Americas History, 169) After the capture of Fort Washington on Manhattan Island in November 1776, ...

Spanish settlement of the west
Spanish settlement of the west History International borders have always been centers of conflict, and the U.S.-Mexican border is no exception. With the European colonizing the New World, it was a matter of time before the powers collided. The Spanish settled what is today Mexico, while the English settled what is to day the United States. When the two colonial powers did meet what is today the United States Southwest, it was not England and Spain. Rather the two powers were the United States a...

The Sudetenland
The Sudetenland History On January 30, 1933, the Nazis acquired mastery of Germany when Adolf Hitler was appointed chancellor. That evening Hitler stood triumphantly in the window of the Reich Chancellery waving to thousands of storm troopers who staged parades throughout the streets of Berlin. The Nazis proclaimed that their Third Reich would be the greatest civilization in history and would last for thousands of years. But the meteoric rise of Hitler and national socialism was followed by an a...

THOMAS JEFFERSON
THOMAS JEFFERSON 1743-1826, intellectual, statesman, and third president of the United States. Although Jefferson served as governor of Virginia, minister to France, secretary of state, vice president, and president, he is remembered in history less for the offices he held than for what he stood for: his belief in the natural rights of man as he expressed them in the Declaration of Independence and his faith in the people's ability to govern themselves. He left an impact on his times equaled by ...

Dwight David Eisenhower
Dwight David Eisenhower The taste of victory was fresh and sweet to John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Just about a year ago, he sat in the drawing room of his Georgetown home and spoke breezily about the office he would assume. Sure it's a big job, he said. But I don't know anybody who can do it any better than I can. I'm going to be in it for four years. It isn't going to be so bad. you've got time to think -- and besides, the pay is pretty good. One year later, on a cool, grey day, the 35th Preside...

Causes of the Civil War
Causes of the Civil War North Vs. South The Civil War 200 Years of Slavery In 1808, congress prohibited importing anymore slaves into the country. But Slavery still went on until 1850. That was was about the two hundredth year it had existed in the United States. They had sent several thousand slaves back to what is now Liberia. Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney was in Savannah, Georgia visiting a friend. Whitney was a Yale college graduate. He invented an easy to make and cheap cotton ...

A Difference in Attitude
A Difference in Attitude M. Weeks 1-7-99 Throughout the time of the world, many writers have documented its history. Some writers chose to be firm, while others chose to rather be soft. Thomas Jefferson, an author from the Revolutionary period, is known to be Americas third president. Thomas Paine, a native Englishmen, wrote The Crisis. Paine and Jefferson both wrote about the American revolution, but expressed their thoughts and ideas through different means. Jefferson wrote the declaration t...

The Greatness that is Benjamin Franklin
The Greatness that is Benjamin Franklin The First American A Printers Epitaph The Body of B. Franklin, Printer; Like the Cover of an old Book, Its Contents torn out, And stript of its Lettering and Gilding, Lies here, Food for Worms. But the Work shall not be wholly lost: For it will, as he believd, appear once more, In a new & more perfect Edition, Corrected and amended By the Author. He was born Jan. 6, 1706. Died 17- Composed by Franklin at twenty-two years of age. Benjamin Franklin was b...

Timeline of the Revolutionary War
Timeline of the Revolutionary War This is a timeline about the Revolutionary War, in chronological order. 1740 1740s- English settlers and traders move into the Ohio River Valley. The King of England banned this in the proclamation of 1763, which sparked unrest in the colonies. 1750 1754- French and Indian War begins. This gives the colonists thier first sense of unity against a enemy. 1760 1763- The Treaty of Paris ends the French and Indian War. 1765- Stamp Act. 1766- Stamp Act repealed. 1767-...

U-Boats in World War I
U-Boats in World War I When the war began in 1914, each of the major powers possessed a navy that was designed to carry out two tasks. The first was to protect their coastline and the second was to maintain maritime trading routes. Russia or Austria-Hungary didnt depend on their foreign trade and France could survive as long as their south ports were kept open for a safe route to North Africa, but the same could not be said for either Britain or Germany. They needed access to their colonies for...

French Revolution Causes and Effects
French Revolution Causes and Effects Often in society whenever some particular groups of people acquire too much power or wealth, it will create a class struggle. This usually results in a chain of events that will cause society to change its practices. Whether it is the American Revolution, the Civil Rights movement of the 60's and 70's, or in the case of the French Revolution, people were willing to lose their lives, just so they could have equal and unbiased treatment. It is almost as if ther...

C Programming
C++ Programming NOTES ON C++ PROGRAMMING Module 1: Pointers and Memory Management NOTES ON C++ PROGRAMMING Module 1: Pointers and Memory Management TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 OVERVIEW 4 BASIC MEMORY MANAGEMENT 5 GROUP ASSIGNMENT 6 INITIALIZATION 8 CONSTANTS 9 INCREMENT AND DECREMENT OPERATORS 10 ELSE-IF 13 SWITCH 14 LOOPS 15 EXAMPLES OF LOOPS 16 BREAK, CONTINUE 18 RETURN 19 FUNCTION DEFINITION: 21 VOID FUNCTIONS 22 FUNCTIONS RETURNING A VALUE 23 OVERVIEW Algorithms: A step-by-step seq...

King Lear
King Lear Title of Paper : King Lear Grade Received on Report : 96 Historians en masse have determined that Shakespeare was most definitely not the first one to come up with the general plot lines contained in King Lear. Though the play revolves mainly around the conflict between the King and his daughters, there is a definite and distinct sub-plot dealing with the plight and tragedy of Gloucester as well. The play (both stories really) has origins in many different sixteenth century works, with...

Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor The United States had been warned in advance that there would be a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. They had also broken all Japanese codes and were aware of all the details needed to prevent the attack on Pearl Harbor. Roosevelt had made a campaign promise to not get involved in a war with Germany unless the United States was attacked first; so, he made strategic use of Japans plans as a way to go to war with Germany. The FBI was warned by one of Britains top agents, Duskov Popov...

Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson Thomas Woodrow Wilson, twenty-eighth president of the United States, might have suffered from dyslexia. He never could read easily, but developed a strong power of concentration and a near-photographic memory. The outbreak of World War I coincided with the death of Wilson's first wife Ellen Axson, who he was passionately devoted to. Seven months after her death his friends introduced him to Edith Bolling Galt, a descendant of the Indian princess Pocahontas, they were married nine ...

Another Constitution
Another Constitution Thank God it was ratified! With the Constitution the elite society protected rights for every American that would secure and ensure our nation's existence for hundreds of years. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States' government was in a state of chaos. To end the existing chaos and build a stronger democratic society for the future, the government would need to be more powerful and centralized. Thus, the elite class established the rules and boundaries that ...

American Revolution
American Revolution Events leading to the American Rev. During the late seventeen hundreds, many tumultuous events resulted in Colonial opposition to Great Britain. The conditions of rights of the colonists will slowly be changed as the constriction of the parliament becomes more and more intolerable. During the Seven Years' War England was not only alarmed by the colonists' insistence on trading with the enemy, but also with Boston merchants hiring James Otis inorder to protest the legality of ...

Amistad
Amistad AMISTAD Amistad is a recreation of the true story about a 1839 slave revolt on a small Spanish schooner, La Amistad, ironically the Spanish word for friendship. Spielberg does a great job in recreating the Amistad revolt that spurred a series of trials beginning in the lower courts of Connecticut and ultimately ending in the Supreme Court. Events following the revolt raise controversial questions about slavery and freedom. This case not only marks a milestone for Abolitionists in their f...

Analysis Of The French Revolution
Analysis Of The French Revolution What were the causes and the effects of the French Revolution? The major cause of the French Revolution was the disputes between the different types of social classes in French society. The French Revolution of 1789-1799 was one of the most important events in the history of the world. The Revolution led to many changes in France, which at the time of the Revolution, was the most powerful state in Europe. The Revolution led to the development of new political fo...

Anne Bradstreet - Feminine but Feminist
Anne Bradstreet - Feminine but Feminist As a female in a highly patriarchal society, Anne Bradstreet uses the reverse psychology technique to prove the point of her belief of unfair and unequal treatment of women in her community. Women who wrote stepped outside their appropriate sphere, and those who actually published their work frequently faced social censure. Compounding this social pressure, many women faced crushing workloads and struggled with lack of leisure for writing. Others suffered ...

Black Civil Rights
Black Civil Rights Black Civil Rights More than a hundred years ago the Europeans brought slaves to North America. The blacks found themselves in the midst of prejudice whites with no way out. When the blacks came over Jim Crow laws were incorporated. With these laws it was near impossible for blacks to rise in the white world. Booker T. Washington was the first black to rise to any prominence in this time. In the early 1900's blacks however began to fight back. In 1909 black advancement organiz...

Bradstreet - An Early Feminist
Bradstreet - An Early Feminist As a female in a highly patriarchal society, Anne Bradstreet uses the reverse psychology technique to prove the point of her belief of unfair and unequal treatment of women in her community. Women who wrote stepped outside their appropriate sphere, and those who actually published their work frequently faced social censure. Compounding this social pressure, many women faced crushing workloads and struggled with lack of leisure for writing. Others suffered from an u...

Communism - From Marx To Zemin
Communism - From Marx To Zemin Essay submitted by Kris Rayner Communism has long been heralded in capitalist countries as the root of all evil. However, as with all phobias, this intrinsic fear of communism comes from a lack of knowledge rather than sound reasoning. It is that same fear that gave the world the Cold War and McCarthy's Red Scare. The purpose of this paper is neither to support communism over capitalism nor the reverse of that. Rather, it is to inform the reader of communism's migr...

Common Authors
Common Authors Few political documents have affected the world quite like the American Declaration of Independence or the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen. The repercussion of each have had a profound effect on world history up to this point. But why did these documents have such an effect? The answer lies in the common philosophical backgrounds of the two. The writings of Rousseau, Locke and Montesquieu all contained ideas that were later used by Thomas Jefferson and the Nati...

Dorothy Day
Dorothy Day Dorothy Day, founder of the Catholic Worker movement, was born in Brooklyn, New York, November 8, 1897. After surviving the San Francisco earthquake in 1906, the Day family moved into a flat in Chicago's South Side. It was a big step down in the world made necessary because John Day was out of work. Day understands of the shame people feel when they fail in their efforts dated from this time. (Miller, p.4) When John Day was appointed sports editor of a Chicago newspaper, the Day fami...

Dredd Scott Decision
Dredd Scott Decision Shocks, Throes, and Convulsions Slavery is founded on the selfishness of man's nature--opposition to it on his love of justice. These principles are in eternal antagonism; and when brought into collision so fiercely as slavery extension brings them, shocks and throes and convulsions must ceaselessly follow. (Abraham Lincoln)[1] America in 1857 was A Nation on the Brink as defined by Kenneth Stampp in his book with the same title. Relationships between the Northern and Southe...

Enlightenment And The Frech Revolution
Enlightenment And The Frech Revolution There were many views of the issue of slavery during the Enlightenment and the French Revolution, and the resolution of slavery affected economics, politics, and social order. The slave trade triangle between Europe, west Africa, and the Indies has a great affect on European economics during this time. The only way for this elaborate trade triangle to work is if there were black Africans available for export to the Indies as slaves. If they were not availab...

Eva Peron
Eva Peron Thesis: Her experience as a member of the lower class who overcame poverty and her belief in bringing justice to the poor made everything that she did for the people of Argentina possible. I. Taking action A. Collections for the needy B. The Secretariat II. Continuing the action A. The Eva Peron Foundation B. The Social Help Crusade C. The Hospital Train D. Twelve hospitals III. Helping women IV. Helping children V. Helping the elderly VI. Seeing Eva's viewpoint Eva Peron 'Mi vida por ...

Events Leading To The American Rev
Events Leading To The American Rev. During the late seventeen hundreds, many tumultuous events resulted in Colonial opposition to Great Britain. The conditions of rights of the colonists will slowly be changed as the constriction of the parliament becomes more and more intolerable. During the Seven Years' War England was not only alarmed by the colonists' insistence on trading with the enemy, but also with Boston merchants hiring James Otis inorder to protest the legality of the writs of assista...

Excellence in Education
Excellence in Education The concept of excellence in education is one that, on the surface, seems to be unquestionable. After all, who would not accede that students within our schools should, in fact, excel? Certainly teachers, parents, and administrators can agree on excellence as an aim to shoot for. The interpretation of the term excellence is, however, less obvious. How do we regard excellence? Is it the college bound student with a broad liberal arts education? Is it the student who gradua...

French And Russian Revolutions
French And Russian Revolutions Both the French and Russian revolutions occurred because of two main reasons. Both of these revolutions were the direct results of bad leadership and a bad economy. These two reasons along with other factors caused both of these revolutions. Although they were both similar, they also had differences. A difference between the two is that the Russians had an unsuccessful pre-revolution in 1905. Another difference between these two revolutions is the fact that the Fre...

From Oppressed Slaves to Champion Soldiers
From Oppressed Slaves to Champion Soldiers They [Black soldiers] will turn and run at the first sight of the enemy! (Emilio 10) This is just a small example of the doubt and hatred that was bestowed on the African American soldiers. However, during the war, they proved themselves to be brave and courageous men on and off the battlefield on many occasions. Despite deep prejudices and harsh criticisms from the white society, these men were true champions of patriotism. The cause of the Civil War w...

Hitler and His Downfall
Hitler and His Downfall To many World War II has been the most devastating war in human history. It had been global military conflict that caused the loss of millions of lives as well as material destruction. The war began in Europe in September of 1939. It ended on May 8, 1945. This day was marked by the British government as V-E (Victory in Europe) Day. The outcome of this war left a new world order dominated by the United States and the Soviet Union. Adolf Hitler was born in Braunuam Inn, Aus...

International Law
International Law International law is the body of legal rules that apply between sovereign states and such other entities as have been granted international personality (status acknowledged by the international community). The rules of international law are of a normative character, that is, they prescribe towards conduct, and are potentially designed for authoritative interpretation by an international judicial authority and by being capable of enforcement by the application of external sancti...

John Adams
John Adams John Adams, who became the second president of the United States, has been accused by some historians of being the closest thing America ever had to a dictator or monarch (Onuf, 1993). Such strong accusations should be examined in the context of the era in which Mr. Adams lived and served. A closer examination of the historical events occurring during his vice presidency and his term as president, strongly suggests that Adams was not, in fact, a dictator. Indeed, except for his lack o...

Judaisms Modernization In America
Judaisms Modernization In America The Jewish way of life has been affected in a tremendous way by the people of the United States of America. By the time of the signing of the Declaration of Independence, there were only 2500 Jews in America. For forty years beginning in 1840, 250,000 Jews (primarily from Germany, Hungary, and Bohemia) entered this country. Anti-Semitism and economic woes in Eastern Europe went from bad to worse after the pogroms of 1881-1882. Almost three million Eastern Europe...

Legalize The Weed
Legalize The Weed Marijuana is the flower of the cannabis plant, and if smoked, gives the smoker an euphoric high, but really has much more to offer than just the high. Using marijuana and the growing of hemp are presently illegal in the United States, with the exception of medicinal uses in some states. The legalization of marijuana has many advantages including for simple personal enjoyment, the usage of hemp and its by-products, and medicinal purposes. Why should marijuana be illegal when peo...

Middle East Paper
Middle East Paper The conflict between the Palestinians and the Israelis erupted after the partition made by Great Britain on November 29, 1947. Immediately after the decision to make Israel a separate, independent state, there were massive attacks on both sides. Upon reading the first set of articles, I felt that the Palestine's unnecessarily attacked the Jews and that they deserved the land being given to them. But the first set of articles I read were incredibly biased toward the Jewish persp...

Mexico And Borders
Mexico And Borders International borders have always been centers of conflict, and the U.S.-Mexican border is no exception. With the European colonizing the New World, it was a matter of time before the powers collided. The Spanish settled what is today Mexico, while the English settled what is to day the United States. When the two colonial powers did meet what is today the United States Southwest, it was not England and Spain. Rather the two powers were the United States and Mexico. Both Co...

Pierre Elliot Trudeau
Pierre Elliot Trudeau Published in 1968, Federalism and the French Canadians is an ideological anthology featuring a series of essays written by Pierre Elliot Trudeau during his time spent with the Federal Liberal party of Canada. The emphasis of the book deals with the problems and conflicts facing the country during the Duplessis regime in Quebec. While Trudeau stresses his adamant convictions on Anglophone/Francophone relations and struggles for equality in a confederated land, he also elabor...

Political Morality
Political Morality In Webster's dictionary, morality is defined as principles of right and wrong in conduct; ethics. The principles of morality have countless times evolved over the ages. In earlier times, death was an easy penalty for many crimes. These crimes today are considered minor and are penalized with a slap on the hand. Is this considered wrong? Who is the correct authority to consult on what is right or wrong? In today's society, two major factors concern how the way members of societ...

Roosevelt
Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt, (1882-1945), 32nd of the United States. Roosevelt became president in March 1933 at the depth of the Great Depression, was reelected for an unprecedented three more terms, and died in office in April 1945, less than a month before the surrender of Germany in World War II. Despite an attack of poliomyelitis, which paralyzed his legs in 1921, he was a charismatic optimist whose confidence helped sustain the American people during the strains of economic crisis ...

Russian And French Revolutions
Russian And French Revolutions Both the French and Russian revolutions occurred because of two main reasons. Both of these revolutions were the direct results of bad leadership and a bad economy. These two reasons along with other factors caused both of these revolutions. Although they were both similar, they also had differences. A difference between the two is that the Russians had an unsuccessful pre-revolution in 1905. Another difference between these two revolutions is the fact that the Fre...

Slavery In The East
Slavery In The East The debate over the economic advantages of slavery in the South has raged ever since the first slaves began working in the cotton fields of the Southern States. Initially, the wealth of the New World was in the form of raw materials and agricultural goods such as cotton, sugar, and tobacco. Slavery, without a doubt, had its profitable aspects prior to the Civil War. However, this postulation began to change as abolitionists claimed the land of the Southern Plantations was ove...