The Constitution Of

The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases Throughout history, minorities have been ill-represented in the criminal justice system, particularly in cases where the possible outcome is death. In early America, blacks were lynched for the slightest violation of informal laws and many of these killings occurred without any type of due process. As the judicial system has matured, minorities have found better representation but it is not completely unbiased. In the past twenty yea
Capital Punishment Should It Or Should It Not Be Used In Today's Crimi
Capital Punishment Should It Or Should It Not Be Used In Today's Crimi
Capital Punishment, Should It Or Should It Not Be Used In Today's Criminal Judging System While Capital Punishment has been one of the most feared things of our time, it is still being questioned if it is unconstitutional. The Death Penalty is being enforced in more than 100 countries in the world and are usually in used in politically-related cases. Although it has been the case in many countries throughout the world it has been said that the Death Penalty is cruel and unusual punishment whic
Problems with Gun Control
Problems with Gun Control
Problems with Gun Control If the second amendment does not mean what it says, what about the first?, this was the question asked by author, and National Rifle Association member, Bill Clede. In his article Gun Control, Press Control, he warns journalists about the hidden dangers associated with gun control. When dealing with the interpretation of the Constitution, there is two views one can take. The Constitution can be viewed as a living document or in its original understanding. The o
Homosexuals A Suspect Class
Homosexuals A Suspect Class
Homosexuals: A Suspect Class? The struggle for minority protection by lesbians and gay men has moved to the center of American life at the outset of the 1990's. It is almost certain that lesbian and gay issues will be a more eminent aspect of the public consciousness and American political scene in the coming decade than in any other time in American history. Policy changes early in Bill Clinton's administration created a heated debate over the military presence of gays and lesbians, several sta
Mitchell v Wisconsin Why Mitchell v Wisconsin Sucked
Mitchell v Wisconsin Why Mitchell v Wisconsin Sucked
Mitchell v. Wisconsin: Why Mitchell v. Wisconsin Sucked On June 11, 1993, the United State Supreme Court upheld Wisconsin's penalty enhancement law, which imposes harsher sentences on criminals who intentionally select the person against whom the crime...is committed..because of the race, religion, color, disability, sexual orientation, national origin or ancestry of that person. Chief Justice Rehnquist deliverd the opinion of the unanimous Court. This paper argues against the decision, and wi
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases Throughout history, minorities have been ill-represented in the criminal justice system, particularly in cases where the possible outcome is death. In early America, blacks were lynched for the slightest violation of informal laws and many of these killings occured without any type of due process. As the judicial system has matured, minorities have found better representation but it is not completely unbiased. In the past twenty years
The Context of The Second Amendment
The Context of The Second Amendment
The Context of The Second Amendment The interpretation of the Second Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America has been a topic of controversy since its acceptance over two-hundred years ago. This controversy stems from the fact that the amendment was written for reasons for the most part that do not have any relevance today. One side argues the amendment void, and the other takes it out of historical context so it portrays the meaning they want. To understand what the second
Accountability of Our Government
Accountability of Our Government
Accountability of Our Government Accountability is the essence of our democratic form of government. It is the liability assumed by all those who exercise authority to account for the manner in which they have fulfilled responsibilities entrusted to them, a liability ultimately to the Canadian people owed by Parliament, by the government and thus, every government department and agency. One of the fundamental principals of a democratic society is the government must be accountable to the people.
Democratic World Government - An Outline Structure
Democratic World Government - An Outline Structure
Democratic World Government - An Outline Structure Introduction - problems and benefits of World Government The idea of world government has not received a good press for many years. It tends to make most of us think of Stalinist dictators and fascist domination of the globe. I wish to argue, though, that there is a viable form of democratic world government which could bring many benefits. A democratic world government that really worked would lead to a major increase in the freedom enjoyed by
Personal Freedom In the United States of America
Personal Freedom In the United States of America
Personal Freedom In the United States of America No other democratic society in the world permits personal freedoms to the degree of the United States of America. Within the last sixty years, American courts, especially the Supreme Court, have developed a set of legal doctrines that thoroughly protect all forms of the freedom of expression. When it comes to evaluating the degree to which we take advantage of the opportunity to express our opinions, some members of society may be guilty of violat
Gun Control
Gun Control
Gun Control Government 2301 02 November 1996 A Well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms , shall not be infringed. Amendment II, Bill of Rights Constitution of the U.S. The Second Amendment has been a major issue in American politics since 1876. In question is the intent of this Amendment. Was it meant to insure that people in general have arms for personal service, or was it intended to insure arms for military service
Legislative Proposal for New Indecency Language in Telecom Bill
Legislative Proposal for New Indecency Language in Telecom Bill
Legislative Proposal for New Indecency Language in Telecom Bill I. Summary Although the October 16, 1995 legislative proposal purports to regulate “ computer pornography”, the proposal contains fatal flaws which render the proposal at best counterproductive and at worst devastating to on-line communications. First, it prohibits, but fails to define, “indecent” speech to minors -- a dangerously vague, medium-specific, and, after decades of litigation, still undefined concept, which may include me
What is a V chip
What is a V chip
What is a V-chip This term has become a buzz word for any discussion evolving telecommunications regulation and television ratings, but not too many reports define the new technology in its fullest form. A basic definition of the V-chip; is a microprocessor that can decipher information sent in the vertical blanking of the NTSC signal, purposefully for the control of violent or controversial subject matter. Yet, the span of the new chip is much greater than any working definition can encompass.
WHAT ARE THE HISTORY LAWS PROFITABILITY AND RESPONSIBILITES TO THE CON
WHAT ARE THE HISTORY LAWS PROFITABILITY AND RESPONSIBILITES TO THE CON
WHAT ARE THE HISTORY, LAWS, PROFITABILITY, AND RESPONSIBILITES TO THE CONSUMER OF ADVERTISING HARD LIQUOR ON TV IN THE UNITED STATES? INTRODUCTION Purpose The goal of this report is to inform the reader of the recent events that prompted hard liquor advertising on TV. In addition, the laws associated with advertising across this media, as well as recent legislative endeavors to control such advertising. Furthermore, the report also focuses on the potential profitability the distilled spirit's i
Censorship and the First Amendment
Censorship and the First Amendment
Censorship and the First Amendment: The American Citizen's Right to Free Speech English 1302 13 March 1997 1 Censorship and the First Amendment: The American Citizen's Right to Free Speech Are we protected from censorship under the First Amendment? In other words do individuals or groups have the right or the power to examine material and remove or prohibit anything they consider objectionable? This argument has been progressing for centuries, in fact the first notable case was against John Pet
Censorship in Public Schools
Censorship in Public Schools
Censorship in Public Schools -A principal in a California high school bans five books written by Richard Brautigan because he thinks they might contain obscenities or offensive sexual references (Berger 59). -A Vermont high school librarian is forced to resign because she fought the school board's decision to remove Richard Price's The Wanderers, and to restrict the use of Stephen King's Carrie and Patrick Mann's Dog Day Afternoon (Jones 33). -An Indiana school board takes action that leads
Scott Nagao31097
Scott Nagao31097
Scott Nagao 3/10/97 Period 7 essay About 32 years ago, in December of 1965, a group of adults and students from Des Moines, Iowa gathered to show their dislike towards American involvement in the Vietnam War. They decided to wear black armbands and fast on December 16 and 31 to express there point. When the principals of the Des Moines School System found out their plans, they decided to suspend anyone who took part in this type of protest. On December 16 - 17 three Tinker siblings and several
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases Sam Houston State University, Huntsville CJ 478W-Introduction To Methods Of Research TTH 8:00-9:30 The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases Throughout history, minorities have been ill-represented in the criminal justice system, particularly in cases where the possible outcome is death. In early America, blacks were lynched for the slightest violation of informal laws and many of these killings occured without an
Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson 17th President of the United States Compiled & Presented by Someone Table of Contents Section 1- Early Life Birthplace & Family Apprenticeship Andrew moves to Tennessee Section 2- Rise to Power Debate Team Mayor of Greeneville State Legislature U.S. House of Representatives Governor of Tennessee U.S. Senate A Symbol of Southern Unionism Vice-President 17th President of the United States Section 3- Johnson and the Reconstruction Ten Percent Plan Virginia Plan North Carolina Plan A
Pundits and editorial writers pounced on Newt Gingrich
Pundits and editorial writers pounced on Newt Gingrich
Pundits and editorial writers pounced on Newt Gingrich when he suggested, soon after the election, that Republicans in the House would take up a school prayer amendment after acting on the agenda outlined in the Contract With America. Most insisted the proposal was a major political blunder. But then most of them had previously decried the contract itself as a major political blunder, sure to lose votes for Republican candidates. The school prayer amendment is an excellent idea, but an ambitiou
It has been said that a country that goes through hard times will ofte
It has been said that a country that goes through hard times will ofte
It has been said that a country that goes through hard times, will often rebound and become stronger as time passes by. Guatemala is one of those countries. It may not be situated in an area of peace and wealth. It may not have the best medicine. It may not have enough of an army to defend its patriots. All in all, Guatemala has survived through the many hardships and warring and has come out as the stronger of the nations. Guatemala may not be the best of the best, but it has survived through
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment: The Most Effective Way Of Punishment and Deterrence. The putting to death of people judged to have committed extremely heinous crimes such as murder has been a practice since before the beginning of Christianity. In recent year, Capital Punishment has become a very controversial issue in the United States and other countries. Opposition to the death penalty says that states that have Capital Punishment have a very high crime rate. What they do not take into consideration is
Freedom in the United States
Freedom in the United States
Freedom in the United States No other democratic society in the world permits personal freedoms to the degree of the United States of America. Within the last sixty years, American courts, especially the Supreme Court, have developed a set of legal doctrines that thoroughly protect all forms of the freedom of expression. When it comes to evaluating the degree to which we take advantage of the opportunity to express our opinions, some members of society may be guilty of violating the bounds of th
Gun control
Gun control
Gun control ESL67W “…The right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” Article [II.] Amendments to the Constitution America is faced with a growing problem of violence. Streets have become a battlefield where the people can be beaten for a couple dollars, where women can be brutally attacked and raped. Every day criminals try to divide territories to sell their illegal drugs, and innocent people are caught in the crossfire of drive-by shootings. We cannot ignore the damage
Memorandum
Memorandum
Memorandum To: Really Important Partner From: Date : April 6th, 2004 Re: Joshua Edward v. City of Bakersville, File number. 030257 _________________________________________________________ ISSUES 1. In what type of forum was Joshua Edward displaying his artwork? 2. Why is a 42 United States Code § 1983 (2000) action filed? SHORT ANSWER 1. Mr. Edward was displaying his artwork in a nonpublic forum due to the area in which it was placed as well as the designation by the city that this parcel was
Constitutionalism
Constitutionalism
Constitutionalism 1. Constitutionalism: a Minimal and a Rich Sense In some minimal sense of the term, a constitution consists of a set of rules or norms creating, structuring and defining the limits of, government power or authority. Understood in this way, all states have constitutions and all states are constitutional states. Anything recognisable as a state must have some acknowledged means of constituting and specifying the limits (or lack thereof) placed upon the three basic forms of govern
Does the law relating to Obscenity and Blasphemy constitute too great
Does the law relating to Obscenity and Blasphemy constitute too great
Does the law relating to Obscenity and Blasphemy constitute too great a restriction on freedom of ex The right to freedom of expression is a fundamental right, which has not traditionally been prescribed by law, but can be considered more of a moral right. However the enactment of the Human Rights Act 1998 incorporated the European Convention on Human Rights into domestic law, Article 10 of which creates a right to freedom of expression. Article 10 (1) states “Everyone has the right to freedom o
Relying On Our Government
Relying On Our Government
Relying On Our Government In this essay I will be talking about the constitution and the amendments. Throughout American history, constitution served as a key to America’s success in politics and economics. There have been some changes in constitution, and sometimes it has been used improperly. Many believe that constitution is not as powerful these days as it was before. I must say that U.S. constitution is the greatest compared to all other nations in the world, and America’s future depends o
The Right of Religious Freedom
The Right of Religious Freedom
The Right of Religious Freedom During our class on Federal Policy we have been discussing the idea of the rights of Native Americans. While doing me research I came across on the underlining freedoms that everyone should process, the freedom of Religion. This freedom is so important in regards to Native Americans because it not only allows them to worship but defines their culture as well. I have decided to focus on just the American Indian Freedom Act of 1978 and it progression through time. R
Mental Illness
Mental Illness
Mental Illness “. . . Justice systems are built on the notion of free will and thus require an examination of the state of mind of the accused. . . .” - M. E. Rice, et. al It is often argued that a person’s presence in a correctional facility, in itself, points to a level of social maladaption as to constitute a possible mental disorder. One study found that only 5% of penitentiary inmates did not have some sort of mental disorder. This study counted “. . . psychosis, a problem of substance abus
The Distinction Between Etiquette Morals
The Distinction Between Etiquette Morals
The Distinction Between Etiquette Morals Philosophy 62: Ethics 2/22/1999 Consider the following hypothetical situation: you are preparing to travel on a long journey with a single companion. You have a choice of two companions. The first is quite mannerly, charming, handsome and courteous. However, she has one serious flaw: she is a kleptomaniac, and steals your most valued possessions during the course of your travel. The second is constitutionally morally impeccable. However she also has a maj
The Sixth Commandment and its Unwritten Rules Should the Church Compro
The Sixth Commandment and its Unwritten Rules Should the Church Compro
The Sixth Commandment and its Unwritten Rules: Should the Church Compromise to the Modern World? Roman Catholics all over the world refer to the Holy Bible as their guide to how they live. Written in there are parables, chronicles, and “natural” laws that could lead its faithful devotees their way to the promised “eternal life with God”. The Holy Bible’s Ten Commandments is similar to the U.S. Constitution. Like how the Ten Commandments lead the lives of faithful Roman Catholics, the U.S. Consti
Families
Families
Families Looking at lone parent families is like looking at a hologram picture: holding it one way you see one thing, holding it a other way, you see another thing. This can be profoundly disorienting. In order to avoid vertigo, I shall start by looking at the picture from different angles, turning it slowly, noting the shifting patterns. All of these angles are informed by the basic lens used here: what are meaningful concepts for social policy formation? It is dangerous to identify problems –
Americans are faced with an ever-growing problem of violence
Americans are faced with an ever-growing problem of violence
Americans are faced with an ever-growing problem of violence. Our streets have become a battleground where the elderly are beaten for their social security checks, where terrified women are viciously attacked and raped, where teen-age gangsters shoot it out for a patch of turf to sell their illegal drugs, and where innocent children are caught daily in the crossfire of drive-by shootings. We cannot ignore the damage that these criminals are doing to our society, and we must take actions to stop
The Effects Of Race On Sentencing In Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects Of Race On Sentencing In Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects Of Race On Sentencing In Capital Punishment Cases Throughout history, minorities have been ill-represented in the criminal justice system, particularly in cases where the possible outcome is death. In early America, blacks were lynched for the slightest violation of informal laws and many of these killings occured without any type of due process. As the judicial system has matured, minorities have found better representation but it is not completely unbiased. In the past twenty years
Since its publishing in 1934 by Obelisk Press in Paris Tropic of Cance
Since its publishing in 1934 by Obelisk Press in Paris Tropic of Cance
Since its publishing in 1934 by Obelisk Press in Paris, Tropic of Cancer by Henry Miller has been the object at over 60 attempts to subdue this novel as obscene. For almost thirty years, the book was barred from import into the United States by the federal Tariff Act of 1930. In 1961, Grove Press, with the Supreme Court decision to allow publication of Lady Chatterley’s Lover, decided to publish Tropic of Cancer in hardback. Once published, it was sold in stores as hardback without incident. In
Current Free Speech Doctrine Will It Work on the Internet
Current Free Speech Doctrine Will It Work on the Internet
Current Free Speech Doctrine: Will It Work on the Internet? The Internet offers a much greater potential for interactive communication between information senders and receivers than the more traditional methods of communication such as newspaper, radio and television. Freedom of speech ascertained by the constitution is not an absolute right. Depending on the medium through which information is delivered various degrees of the freedom to express one's self is protected. Internet communication ma
Pornography and Freedom of Speech
Pornography and Freedom of Speech
Pornography and Freedom of Speech When the first amendment was written, it was not intended to be used as an excuse for society to make such filth as pornography obtainable to men, women, and children alike. The pornography situation of today’s society significantly contributes to the decline of the country’s moral standards in several different ways (Leone 105). The many different types of pornography pose a sobering threat to society in general and the family in particular by presenting them w
The failure of Gun Control Laws
The failure of Gun Control Laws
: The failure of Gun Control Laws Americans are faced with an ever-growing problem of violence. Our streets have become a battleground where the elderly are beaten for their social security checks, where terrified women are viciously attacked and raped, where teenage gangster shoot it out for a patch of turf to sell their illegal drugs, and where innocent children are caught daily in the crossfire of drive-by shootings. We cannot ignore the damage that these criminals are doing to our society, a
Many critics of the Roe v Wade resolution dispute that the Supreme Cou
Many critics of the Roe v Wade resolution dispute that the Supreme Cou
Many critics of the Roe v Wade resolution dispute that the Supreme Court's decision was mistaken because, as said by Robert Bork, the right to abort, whatever one thinks of it, is not to be found in the Constitution. Consequently, they say the court did not translate the Constitution at all in making their influential mark on the citizens of the United States. Ronald Dworkin, on the other hand holds a different perspective of this situation. He tends to believe that although the technical ter
ARE LIBERTY AND ORDER AT ODDS
ARE LIBERTY AND ORDER AT ODDS
ARE LIBERTY AND ORDER AT ODDS? In the dictionary “liberty” is defined as “the right to act or believe as one chooses.” In that same dictionary “order” is described as “a condition in which freedom from disorder is maintained through established authority.”(Encarta Encylopedia, 1998) When these two definitions are compared and an incident occurs like the attack on demonstrators by police in New York City’s Central Park the question “Are liberty and order at odds?” is answered simply by yes. Ther
The year was 1787 and Benjamin Franklin James Madison Alexander Hamilt
The year was 1787 and Benjamin Franklin James Madison Alexander Hamilt
The year was 1787, and Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and George Washington were signing their names to a document that stated, A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free-state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. What were they thinking? Did they have any clue as to what types of dangerous weapons we would have available today? Their guns could fire a maximum of five rounds per minute and that was a talent even
The Republic of Croatia
The Republic of Croatia
The Republic of Croatia Country Report Operations Management Ellen Elkins Friday, August 22, 1997 TABLE OF CONTENTS Country Overview 3 Future Prospects 3 Economic Overview 4 Foreign Investment 5 Currency/Capital Markets 7 Industry 7 The Insurance Regulatory Environment 7 Insurance Market 8 Market Composition 8 Competition 9 Profiles 10 Market Access 11 Distribution 12 Conclusion 12 Country Overview The Republic of Croatia, situated along the eastern coastline of the Adriatic Sea, is an independ
It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to
It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to
“It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is . . .if a law be in opposition to the Constitution, . . .the court must determine which of these conflicting rules governs the case. That is the very essence of the Judicial Jury.” -Chief Justice John Marshall in his decision of Marbury vs. Madison “The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may time to time ordain and establ
When Society Kills By Megan
When Society Kills By Megan
When Society Kills By Megan Capital punishment is not actual punishment. It's a capital reaction to a type of criminal act. It serves no purpose. When a person is executed, the person learns no lesson. He or she cannot say, Hey! I learned my lesson. I surely won't do that again, for he or she is dead. Although the word punishment is used in varying contexts, it is generally accepted that it is served out unpleasantly to an individual in hopes that that person learns from the punishment an
Power of Judicial Review
Power of Judicial Review
Power of Judicial Review Marbury v. Madison, one of the first Supreme Court cases asserting the power of judicial review, is an effective argument for this power; however, it lacks direct textual basis for the decision. Marshall managed to get away with this deficiency because of the silence on many issues and the vague wording of the Constitution. During the early testing period when few precedents existed, there was much debate about fundamental issues concerning what was intended by the word
Since the invention of television television has seen a rich source of
Since the invention of television television has seen a rich source of
Since the invention of television, television has seen a rich source of history, laughter, tragedy, news and education. Shows from education PBS, to the zany Singled Out, a teen dating show on MTV, to the lucrative but sometimes ridiculous talk shows, with their wide swing variety of topics have influenced American families. Oprah Winfrey has become a household name as everybody can “tell” it to Oprah, having a keyword on America Online (OPRAH). However, nothing has come close to portraying act
Right to Privacy on the Internet
Right to Privacy on the Internet
Right to Privacy on the Internet The constitutional rights are being debated on the amount of security that the citizens of America should receive on the Internet without invading their right to privacy. Easily obtained information helps law enforcement to track down criminals. The information also allows banks to prevent fraud. Many parties are actively debating whether it is Constitutionally acceptable to use the private information stored and given out on personal computers and in the privac
FIAT
FIAT
FIAT FIAT is not well known by most Americans, except for small sports car fan. It is, however, Italy’s leading auto manufacturer and has been around for over a hundred years. The side of FIAT most people know is its small sports cars like the 124 Spider and X-19 but they also produced small taxis that were perfect for small European streets, trucks, buses, and engines for airplanes and ships for war efforts. FIAT also owns the popular Italian car companies Lancia and Alfa Romeo. FIAT has suffe
GUN CONTROL
GUN CONTROL
GUN CONTROL I do not believe any one of us would want just anyone to be able to buy any kind of weapon they want. What I do believe is the issue at hand is not gun control but crime. That is what our main focus as a nation should be. Let's stop treating the symptoms and start treating the decease. In a recent article of Gun Control: An Issue for the Nineties. David Newton, of New Jersey reviles. In 1994, 18,954 Americans were murdered. Of that number, 11,832 or 62 percent were killed by guns. O