The Character Of Pearl

Reverend Dimmesdale
Reverend Dimmesdale
Reverend Dimmesdale Life is hard, but accepting that fact makes it easier. this common phrase has been proven true in many people's lives, but is also a harsh fact that Boston's Rev. Dimmesdale, a key character in Nathaniel Hawthorne's the Scarlet Letter, had to face. In this twisted story of deception and adultery set in the Puritan era, Hawthorne introduces Dimmesdale as a weak and cowardly man who refuses to take responsibility for his actions. Yet, he transitions to a person who accepts h
John Steinbeck Development and Portrayal of His Characters
John Steinbeck Development and Portrayal of His Characters
John Steinbeck: Development and Portrayal of His Characters And George raised the gun and steadied it, and he brought the muzzle of it close to the back of Lennie's head. The hand shook violently, but his face set and his hand steadied. He pulled the trigger. The crash of the shot rolled up the hills and rolled down again. Lennie jarred, and then settled slowly forward to the sand and he lay without quivering. George shivered and looked at the gun and then he threw it from him, back up on the b
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter Adultery, betrayal, promiscuity, subterfuge, and intrigue, all of which would make an excellent coming attraction on the Hollywood scene and probably a pretty good book. Add Puritan ideals and writing styles, making it long, drawn out, tedious, wearisome, sleep inducing, insipidly asinine, and the end result is The Scarlet Letter. Despite all these things it is considered a classic and was a statement of the era. The Scarlet Letter is a wonderful and not so traditional exampl
The year 1830 is a crucial date in English history You see this is the
The year 1830 is a crucial date in English history You see this is the
The year 1830 is a crucial date in English history. You see, this is the year that one of the most influential poets in the world was born. Emily Dickinson was born in Amherst, Massachusetts, an old fashioned Puritan town. Rarely did she go outside to meet strangers or walk in the garden. Emily felt uncomfortable outside of her house and even if she did travel, it wasn't for more than one hour. She was greatly impacted by her father, who was a lawyer, politician, and treasurer of Amherst Colleg
A Comparison and Contrast In Both A's
A Comparison and Contrast In Both A's
A Comparison and Contrast In Both A's Worn By Hester and Dimmesdale The two A's worn in the novel by both Hester and Dimmesdale are dramatically different, yet they are born and made by the same identical sins. These letters are also differentiated by the infinitely changing emotional state and physical well being of the character, the towns views of morality and natural order, and the affecting environment. The two sins of most importance in the novel and that serve the greatest beneficiality
One of the most significant writers of the romantic period in American
One of the most significant writers of the romantic period in American
One of the most significant writers of the romantic period in American literature was Nathaniel Hawthorne. Hawthorne wrote stories that opposed the ideas of Transcendentalism. Since he had ancestors of Puritan belief, Hawthorne wrote many stories about Puritan New England. His most famous story is the Scarlet Letter. This novel tells of the punishment of a woman, Hester Prynne, who committed adultery and gave birth to Pearl. A minister of Boston, Arthur Dimmesdale, had an affair with Hester whi
In Hawthorne's revered novel The Scarlet Letter the use of Romanticism
In Hawthorne's revered novel The Scarlet Letter the use of Romanticism
In Hawthorne's revered novel The Scarlet Letter, the use of Romanticism plays an important role in the development of his characters. He effectively demonstrates individualism in Hester to further our understanding of the difficulties of living in Boston, the stern, joyless world of Puritan New England. It is all gloom and doom. If the sun ever shines, one could hardly notice. The entire place seems to be shrouded in black. The people of this society were stern, and of course repressive. They a
Herman Melville and Nathaniel Hawthorne are two of the most influentia
Herman Melville and Nathaniel Hawthorne are two of the most influentia
Herman Melville and Nathaniel Hawthorne are two of the most influential authors in American Literature. Both men wrote about similar themes, creating great admiration between them. The relationship that had grown between them was a source of critic and interpretation that would ultimately influence each of their works. Melville in particular was moved by Hawthorne’s intellectual stimulation and inspired him to write Moby-Dick, a dramatic novel that has proved to be one of the greatest in Americ
Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter provides us with intricate ch
Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter provides us with intricate ch
Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter, provides us with intricate characters to analyze and evaluate. Hawthorne carefully constructs his characters, giving them each different emotions, values, physical attributes, and thus creating different souls. One sees character development throughout the book, until at the end, one is left with an image of a seemingly real person. One of Hawthorne's carefully constructed characters is, Arthur Dimmesdale. With Arthur, one sees how sin changes him dra
Pearl's Contribution to the Scarlet Letter
Pearl's Contribution to the Scarlet Letter
Pearl's Contribution to the Scarlet Letter In Hawthorne's epic novel, The Scarlet Letter he discusses Pearl, a main character, and her contribution in making the novel a romantic one. Hawthorne uses three types of romantic topics relating to Pearl. Stereotypical characters, supernaturalness of characters, and the imaginary aspect of characters are all qualities of romantic language Hawthorne uses to better develop Pearl's character. Over the course of the novel Hawthorne uses all of the aspects
Evil can be defined as That which is the reverse of good physically o
Evil can be defined as That which is the reverse of good physically o
Evil can be defined as, That which is the reverse of good, physically or morally; whatever is censurable painful, disastrous, or undesirable. In the novel The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Mistriss Hibbins can also be defined in those terms. She is believed to be evil by many of the characters. Henry Louis Mencken once said, It is a sin to believe evil of others, but is seldom a mistake. In this novel he was right, Mistriss Hibbins is evil. However, she is an important character
November 8 1996
November 8 1996
November 8, 1996 The Pearl Kino, a poor Indian fisherman, lives on the Gulf of California with his wife Juana and son Coyotito. Their simple hut is made of brush, and the couple sleeps on mats thrown on the dirt floor, while Coyotito sleeps in a hanging box. Like others in their poor village, they depend on nature for survival. As The Pearl begins, dawn is breaking. Kino watches the sun rise and listens to the sounds of the morning. But within moments, a dangerous situation develops. A poisonous
Symbolism in The Pearl by John Steinbeck
Symbolism in The Pearl by John Steinbeck
Symbolism in The Pearl by John Steinbeck Novels were created to show a very simplistic view in great depth. The Pearl, by John Steinbeck, takes a novel to its most unadulterated form. Steinbeck does this by conveying life symbolically. Through symbols, Steinbeck offers the reader a more clear look at life and its content. Kino plays a role of a young diver who lives in a small village on the coastline of Mexico. Kino is thought of as, ‘a wise, primitive man’ (French 128) who is hungry for f
The Puritan Society in N Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter
The Puritan Society in N Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter
The Puritan Society in N. Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter In the introductory sketch to Nathaniel Hawthorne's novel the The Scarlet Letter, the reader is informed that one of the author's ancestors persecuted the Quakers harshly. The latter's son was a high judge in the Salem witch trials, put into literary form in Arthur Miller's The Crucible (Judge Hathorne appears there). We learn that Hawthorne feels ashamed for their deeds, and that he sees his ancestors and the Puritan society as a w
Compare and Contrast Paper
Compare and Contrast Paper
Compare and Contrast Paper Rayona and Pearl were two characters that were very alike in the stories. They are also somewhat different. They lived lives that were very troublesome. Rayona had to go through the tough times of her mother’s sickness and the death of her brother. She lived away from most of it, but still had to live with it. Pearl had to go through the tough times of her mother Hester being charged with adultery, she also had to go through all of her trials. Rayona and Pearl are sim
Essay Darkness Illuminated
Essay Darkness Illuminated
Essay: Darkness Illuminated Since the conception of humanity, man has been fascinated with that presence which illuminates, yet cannot be touched. Mankind has brought it into his religions, giving it a great deal of importance in his creed. Following in the footsteps of his ancestors, Nathaniel Hawthorne uses light as a tool of God that illuminates the darkness of human iniquity and exposes its permanence. He studies the psychological theme of the impossibility of eradicating sin from the human
Hester What a Change
Hester What a Change
Hester, What a Change! The Puritans came from England in the sixteen hundreds to break free from the laws and regulations made by the king of England. In the new world, they were able to practice their own form of religion. The Puritans believed in God and His laws. A Young Puritan’s Code was Being sensible, that I am unable to do anything without God’s help, I do humbly entreat him by his grace to enable me to keep these resolutions so far as they are agreeable to his will, for Christ sake.
Tim Gibson
Tim Gibson
Tim Gibson Hour 7 HESTER PRYNE Hester Pryne, after being punished for her sin, lived an important life. In The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Hester was convicted of adultery. However, after her conviction, she managed to raise a daughter, became an important seamstress in her community, and set an example for her close-knit community. Pearl, the daughter of a convicted sex offender, grew up living a different life from her peers. Growing up with Hester, Pearl never really associated
Hololiterature a Holographic Interpretation of the Scarlet Letter
Hololiterature a Holographic Interpretation of the Scarlet Letter
Hololiterature: a Holographic Interpretation of the Scarlet Letter Comprehension of anything requires a framework already in place in order to place it in out sphere of reference. Especially those that are fuzzy or difficult to nail down. The brain and the atom are not fully understood, but by comparing functions, structures, and similar operations to known items or concepts one can obtain a hold on the unknown and even extrapolate unknown processes from known ones. (For example, the brain is
The Scarlet H
The Scarlet H
The Scarlet H The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne is about the trials and tribulations of Hester Prynne, a woman living in colonial Boston. Found guilty of adultery, Hester's punishment is to wear a visible symbol of her sin: the scarlet letter A. Through the book, the reader comes to know Hester, the adulteress; Dimmesdale, the holy man Hester had the affair with; and Chillingworth, the estranged husband of Hester who is out for revenge. The Scarlet Letter examines the interaction of t
Mitchell Hochberg
Mitchell Hochberg
Mitchell Hochberg English 1/11/96 Light and Darkness Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter is one of the most analyzed and most discussed literary works in American literature and for good reason. Hawthorne’s ambiguity and his intense use of symbols have made this work incredibly complex and incredibly bothersome. In The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne uses many symbols to give insight into characters and promote his views on society. The scaffold scenes in The Scarlet Letter tell the re
In many works of literature a character makes a sacrifice that can aff
In many works of literature a character makes a sacrifice that can aff
In many works of literature, a character makes a sacrifice that can affect his life in order to achieve something more important. In the play The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, the character John Proctor sacrifices his life, while in the novel The Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorn, the character Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale, sacrifices his reputation. Both characters, Proctor and Dimmesdale, respectively, gained something more important than their life and reputation. In order to redeem himself
Nathaniel Hawthorn started writing The Scarlet Letter in 1847 and it w
Nathaniel Hawthorn started writing The Scarlet Letter in 1847 and it w
Nathaniel Hawthorn started writing The Scarlet Letter in 1847 and it was published in 1850. The Scarlet Letter is recognize by many critics as being one of the greatest of American novels.1 Hawthorn created his own individual style of romance, a style of writing. His own individual style of writing is now called Hawthorn's Theory of Romance. His theory of Romance is emphasized in The Scarlet Letter in many different ways. The techniques Hawthorn used in The Scarlet Letter are basically
Q If the book did not evoke any past memories or associations do you c
Q If the book did not evoke any past memories or associations do you c
Q: If the book did not evoke any past memories or associations, do you consider it literature? Based on which other criteria? I. I did not make a very clear connection with the text at all during my reading of it. Rosenblat said The readers attention to the text activates certain elements in his past experience-external reference, internal response-that have become linked with the verbal symbols. This rang true to me for, as I was plodding through the text, I saw a well crafted story with imp
Scarlet Letter Paper
Scarlet Letter Paper
Scarlet Letter Paper What is one man’s poison…is another’s meat or drink, Beaumont and Fletcher wrote in one of their plays. Almost everything in the world is interpretable in at least two conflicting ways. In The Scarlet Letter, the Puritan society shuns a character named Pearl, yet the author, who lived in the Romantic period, views her with awe and reverence. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s use of nature imagery in The Scarlet Letter reflects Pearl’s wild, capricious character that serves as a const
ENGLISH III AP Scarlett Letter
ENGLISH III AP Scarlett Letter
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ + ENGLISH III AP: Scarlett Letter + ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The Scarlet Letter A Reading Log by Brandon Moeller English III AP Fisher-7 8/7/96 CHAPTER 1- The Prison-Door- I found this one page introductory chapter to be very dramatic as it explained the history of the colony by telling the history of the prison-door. From the looks of this chapter, this story will probably be dragged out as much as possible. At first I thought the way Nathaniel Haw
Secrets We Have Them We Hide Them but Can We Live With Them
Secrets We Have Them We Hide Them but Can We Live With Them
Secrets. We Have Them, We Hide Them, but Can We Live With Them? Deception is defined by Webster's Dictionary as the art of misrepresentation. Throughout the history of mankind, the use of deception to promote oneself to a higher level, or to hide one's past, has been a common occurrence. In the novel The Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne , Chillingworth and Dimmesdale both use deception to hide secrets from each other, and from the rest of the town. Hester Prynne is the only one who knows
British Literature
British Literature
British Literature Matt Gordon 9-22-96 Symbolism In The Scarlet Letter Symbolism in literature is the deepness and hidden meaning in a piece of work. It is often used to represent a moral or religious belief or value. Without symbolism literature is just a bunch of meaningless words on paper. The most symbolic piece of work in American Literature is Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter. Hawthorne’s use of symbolism in The Scarlet Letter is one of the most significant contributions to the ri
Pesaresi 1 Julia Pesaresi
Pesaresi 1 Julia Pesaresi
Pesaresi 1 Julia Pesaresi Burns 3rd Period Pre-Ap English 20 February 96 Solitude and Isolation: Three of Hawthorne's works Solitude and isolation are immense, powerful, and overcoming feelings. They possess the ability to destroy a person's life by overwhelming it with gloom and darkness. Isolate is defined: to place or keep by itself, separate from others (Webster 381). Solitude is the state of being alone (Webster 655). Nathaniel Hawthorne uses these themes of solitude and isolation for th
The Effects of Sin in The Scarlet Letter
The Effects of Sin in The Scarlet Letter
The Effects of Sin in The Scarlet Letter Sin is the main theme in the Scarlet Letter. All of the characters in the book were somehow affected by the main sin, which was adultery. The three main characters were the most widely affected, and their whole lives were molded by the way they dealt with the sin. The sin surrounds, encloses, and strangles them. There was no escaping from its harsh consequences. Hester Prynne's sin was as an adulteress, and the result of this was that she had to wear the
Pearl S Buck shows her readers the many faces of Wang Lung in her book
Pearl S Buck shows her readers the many faces of Wang Lung in her book
Pearl S. Buck shows her readers the many faces of Wang Lung in her book, The Good Earth. Wang Lung is a rice farmer who gains all his wealth through the land. He struggles to move from poverty to a well respected wealthy man. Wang Lungs character portrays a man's unselfishness, determination, and loyalty towards his family and friends. Wang Lung's caring and generous nature towards his family and friends make him a well- liked person. During the drought Wang Lung feeds the family members first
Loyalty to another person or to a cause may be an admirable trait but
Loyalty to another person or to a cause may be an admirable trait but
Loyalty to another person or to a cause may be an admirable trait, but it can lead to either positive or negative consequences. In Homer’s epic The Odyssey and John Steinbeck's novel The Pearl there are characters that show great examples of this trait. Penelope in The Odyssey and Juana in The Pearl are the most obvious, although there are many. Penelope stayed loyal to Odysseus while he was on his twenty-year journey and Juana stayed by her husband through his time of distress. Penelope stayed
In John Steinbeck's The Pearl a destitute pearl diver finds a giant pe
In John Steinbeck's The Pearl a destitute pearl diver finds a giant pe
In John Steinbeck's The Pearl, a destitute pearl diver finds a giant pearl with which he hopes to buy peace and happiness for his family. Instead, he learns that the valuable pearl can not buy happiness but only destroy his simple life. Throughout the fable, there is a constant theme woven through the characters and setting which encompasses the struggle among social classes to become successful. Steinbeck, a novelist known for his realistic depictions of life, portrays this motif through Kino,
The Scaffold
The Scaffold
The Scaffold The Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne, is characterized by three major events that occur on the town scaffold. What takes place on this platform will determine the path which the three main characters, Hester Prynne, Mr. Dimmsdale, and their daughter Pearl will follow. The three scenes mark the beginning, middle, and end of their ignominy. The scaffold is a platform where criminals are punished before all the townspeople. In this case, the criminal is Hester Prynne and the cro
March 181994
March 181994
March 18,1994 The Scarlet Letter: An Analysis of Symbolism The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne is generally considered to be the first American symbolic novel. A symbol is something which is used to represent something broader in meaning. The most obvious symbol in the novel is the actual scarlet A which both the criticism and I agree upon. This A is the literal symbol of the sin of adultery. The letter A then appears in many different forms throughout the novel. The gold-embroidered
Subject EnglishHistory --Review of The Scarlet Letter
Subject EnglishHistory --Review of The Scarlet Letter
Subject: English/History --Review of The Scarlet Letter Hawthorn Swings, and Misses The Scarlet Letter Adultery, betrayal, promiscuity, subterfuge, and intrigue, all of which would make an excellent coming attraction on the Hollywood scene and probably a pretty good book. Add Puritan ideals and writing styles, making it long, drawn out, tedious, wearisome, sleep inducing, insipidly asinine, and the end result is The Scarlet Letter. Despite all these things it is considered a classic and was
THE PEARL
THE PEARL
THE PEARL The Pearl is a story about an Mexican Indian man and woman, set in the early to mid- 1900’s, in Bolivia. It was written by John Steinbeck as a short fiction book that tells of the family’s life just before, during, and just after find a great pearl. The book was an amazing and discussed many different ideas. The main idea discussed is whether or not being rich is a good thing. The story explained how everyone would like to be rich yet being rich has a lot of unnecessary baggage that g
The Scarlet Letter is a story written by Nathaniel Hawthorne The story
The Scarlet Letter is a story written by Nathaniel Hawthorne The story
The Scarlet Letter is a story written by Nathaniel Hawthorne. The story's setting is in the 1850's during the puritan times in Boston, Massachusetts. Roger Chillingworth was one of the main characters along with Hester Prynne and Author Dimmesdale. Roger Chillingworth was a small, thin, and was slightly deformed in appearance with one shoulder being higher than the other. He was described on page fifty-six by Hester Prynne as being remarkable intelligence in his features, as of a person who ha
Prof Wineapple
Prof Wineapple
Prof. Wineapple Paper #2, Topic #5 In Melville's Moby Dick our narrator, Ishmael, has a unique view on the great white whale. ...all these are but subtle deceits, not actually inherent in substances, but only laid on from without; so that all deified Nature absolutely paints like the harlot, whose allurement's cover nothing but the charnel-house within... By examining his remarks, we can tell he is a very down-to-earth man; however, Melville uses a common theme of how do you know for sure.
Where The Blame Falls We go threw our lives hoping to do the right thi
Where The Blame Falls We go threw our lives hoping to do the right thi
Where The Blame Falls We go threw our lives hoping to do the right thing for ourselves and the right thing for others. Through our lives we take the blame for many things and sometimes we get the blame pushed upon us. This is shown in the book, The Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne. Hester, Pearl, Chillingworth, and Dimmesdale are two of the main characters. Hester was made a scapegoat, and Dimmesdale was mortified. Hester is charged with committing a very serious sin among the Puritan's,
To Be Shakespeare Or Not To Be Shakespeare
To Be Shakespeare Or Not To Be Shakespeare
To Be Shakespeare, Or Not To Be Shakespeare, That Is The Question Kenneth Branaugh may have had the script of William Shakespeare¹s Hamlet spoken down to every last thee and thou, but one must remember that this is Hamlet through Branaugh¹s eyes, not Shakespeare¹s. Therefore, dismissing obvious additions made for adapting the play to film, such as having a real castle instead of a stage, it is possible to observe the unique characters, interpretations, actions, and setting that make this versio
Wake Island
Wake Island
Wake Island When the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, America was at last forced to officially enter World War II. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt officially declared war on the Japanese and in his famous radio address to the American people, he professed that December 7 was a day that would live in infamy. Americans and Japanese alike, still remember Pearl Harbor Day, but how many remember the gallant, fighting Marines who served on a tiny atoll in the Pacific by the name o
Inner states of being manifested outwardly in The
Inner states of being manifested outwardly in The
Inner states of being manifested outwardly in The Scarlet Letter People often times try to cover up their interior in order to hide something that is not to that persons liking. However, this inward state of being always winds up working its way to a persons exterior, and thus, letting everyone know of their respective sins. This is a recurring theme in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s, The Scarlet Letter. Names like Chillingworth and Dimmesdale let the reader know how, in reality, these characters are, b
Kevin Roach
Kevin Roach
Kevin Roach Humanities 4/5 Ms. Bruni January 20, 1999 Title: The Greatest Generation Author: Tom Brokaw Summary: This book tells the stories of 50 young people who grew up during the depression and fought in World War II then came home to build America into a super power that could win the cold war. In one of the first lines of the book Tom Brokaw states, “I think this is the greatest generation that society has ever produced.” I can’t even imagine all the obstacles that they had to overcome. T
Coming of Age
Coming of Age
Coming of Age When a boy loses his parents he is forced to become a man. Both Empire of the Sun and Night have a character, who goes through the hard times of a war camp during World War II and is forced to grow beyond his years to survive. In Empire of the Sun, written by J.G. Ballard, the protagonist's name is Jim, and in Night, written by Elie Wiesel, the protagonist's name is Elie. There is also a very prevalent controlling idea; this idea connects the two stories together. The idea is that
Title The Greatest Generation
Title The Greatest Generation
Title: The Greatest Generation Author: Tom Brokaw Summary: This book tells the stories of 50 young people who grew up during the depression and fought in World War II then came home to build America into a super power that could win the cold war. In one of the first lines of the book Tom Brokaw states, “I think this is the greatest generation that society has ever produced.” I can’t even imagine all the obstacles that they had to overcome. These men and women were born in the roaring twenties w
The Scarlet Letter defines the relationship between the individual and
The Scarlet Letter defines the relationship between the individual and
The Scarlet Letter defines the relationship between the individual and society through Hester's alienation from Puritan Boston caused by the sin she committed, and subsequently the scarlet A she wore on her bosom. Hawthorne's Hester Prynne is a common character among Romantic writers; a rebel who refuses to conform to society's codes. However, in the novel, society is not made out as the sole evil force. While most readers would instinctively feel sympathy for Hester's nonconformist attitude, s
VILLAINS REVENGE
VILLAINS REVENGE
VILLAIN’S REVENGE The Roles of the “Villain” in Shakespeare’s Plays M.A. student Early Modern Theatre, essay 2 14, January, 2004-1-14 Among the numerous roles in Shakespeare’s plays, there are some villains profoundly depicted, each exhibiting some unique features in personality and mindset. Their villainousness is so striking that the reader of the plays cannot help contemplating the dark side of human nature and exploring the motives of their evil behavior. Some of the villains --- represented
Hamlet and Othello
Hamlet and Othello
Hamlet and Othello In William Shakespeare’s tragedies Hamlet and Othello, he uses the powerful act of sex as a catalyst for chaos. In each play the protagonist is forced into confusion and ultimately a state of insanity. The role of women in each of the two plays is similar as well; they are objects upon which men vent their anger, as well as a tools used to propel the protagonists into madness. Shakespeare, the cunning playwright that he was, was able to add analogous motifs into each play. As
Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur Douglas MacArthur, the son of the high-ranking military figure, Arthur MacArthur, was born in Little Rock, Arkansas, on 26th January, 1880. Although previously a poor scholar, in 1903 MacArthur graduated first in his 93-man class, at West Point Military Academy. Commissioned in the Corps of the Engineers, MacArthur was sent by the United States Army to the Philippines and by 1904 had been promoted to the rank of first lieutenant. Later that year he joined his father who was ser