The Chamber Of

Black and White
Black and White
Black and White Following the Civil War, just prior to the turn of the century, many American novelist were writing more freely of the previous slave culture. Two of these writers being Mark Twain and Charles Chesnutt. Mark Twain was a popular “white” author by this time. Charles Chesnutt, the son of free blacks, decided to pursue a dream of becoming an author in order to remove the spirit of racism. By studying these authors in particular, the views of a white raised in the slave holding south
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases Throughout history, minorities have been ill-represented in the criminal justice system, particularly in cases where the possible outcome is death. In early America, blacks were lynched for the slightest violation of informal laws and many of these killings occurred without any type of due process. As the judicial system has matured, minorities have found better representation but it is not completely unbiased. In the past twenty yea
A Time of Change
A Time of Change
A Time of Change The enlightenment was a great time of change in both Europe and America. Some of the biggest changes, however, happened in the minds of many and in the writings of many philosophers. These included some of the beliefs of David Hume, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, and Francois Voltaire. Writers during this time focused on optimism, which is the opinion to do everything for the best (Chaney 119), and the best for these philosophers was to stretch the minds of the ordinary.
The History of Dinosaurs
The History of Dinosaurs
The History of Dinosaurs The dinosaurs were reptiles that appeared about 230 million years ago. It's believed that they had scaly skin and some ate plants and others ate meat. Scientists don't know whether or not the dinosaurs were cold blooded, but they think the smaller ones were warm blooded, and the large ones were cold-blooded. In this report you'll learn about the earliest dinosaurs, the kinds of dinosaurs, and how the dinosaurs died. There are two main groups of the earliest dinosaurs: T
Auschwitz
Auschwitz
Auschwitz Auschwitz began as a barracks camp in the town of Oswiecim, for the polish army in the early 1930's. Germany then captured Poland and needed another location for Polish political prisoners. In 1940, the German SS sent a commission to Oswiecim to see if the barracks there could be used. The first inspection reported that it could not be used, however, a later inspection stated that after a few minor changes it would be useable. On May 4, 1940 Rudolf Hoss officially established it as a
The Complexities of Mephostophilis
The Complexities of Mephostophilis
The Complexities of Mephostophilis In Medieval cycle plays, devils were portrayed as comic characters that triumphed over their adversaries in spite of their crudeness and ineptitude. With the advent of Renaissance drama, came new ideas and characters, as playwrights took a new stance in their portrayals of evil and devils. The devils and Mephostophilis in particular, in Christopher Marlowe's play Dr. Faustus are much more complex than those in preceding medieval drama are. Mephostophilis's onl
Pyramids
Pyramids
Pyramids The Egyptians believed that their kings were gods. Even after they had died, the rulers continued to affect daily life through their supernatural powers. In his new life in the underworld, the king would need everything he needed while alive, and he needed his home to last for eternity. While alive, Egyptian kings lived in palace of mud-brick, wore linen roves, and slept in wooden beds. In their gentle climate, more substantial comforts were not needed. But eternity last a whole lot lo
All Rise
All Rise
All Rise Judge Watson scanned his courtroom with an eagle-like glare. The room was packed, Watson could smell the eager reporters outside. Damore versus State of Alabama was the biggest case his Honor had heard in years, God he needed a drink. Judge Watson blinked a long, tired blink, and swallowed hard in a vain attempt to soothe his bone dry throat. The old man called out in a loud voice, “prosecution!” Billy Parker stood deliberately and strutted to his podium. The DA unbuttoned his two thou
Water Pollution Is it as big of a problem as we think
Water Pollution Is it as big of a problem as we think
Water Pollution: Is it as big of a problem as we think? The following essay will be looking at the factors that cause pollution, and the effect that pollution has on our world today. It will also investigate what it has in store for the future if things do not improve. It will also explore some of the methods used to treat and clean-up wastewater, and oil spills. Today, the industrialization of Canada is severely affecting this nations lakes, streams, and rivers. If something is not done to impr
Death Penalty and The Eighth Amendment
Death Penalty and The Eighth Amendment
Death Penalty and The Eighth Amendment The expression “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” has taken on a whole new meaning. Lately, murderers have been getting a punishment equal to their crime, death. In 1967, executions in the United States were temporarily suspended to give the federal appellate courts time to decide whether or not the death penalty was unconstitutional. Then, in 1972, the United States Supreme Court ruled in the case of “Furman versus Georgia” that the death penalty vio
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases Throughout history, minorities have been ill-represented in the criminal justice system, particularly in cases where the possible outcome is death. In early America, blacks were lynched for the slightest violation of informal laws and many of these killings occured without any type of due process. As the judicial system has matured, minorities have found better representation but it is not completely unbiased. In the past twenty years
Gun Control
Gun Control
Gun Control Government 2301 02 November 1996 A Well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms , shall not be infringed. Amendment II, Bill of Rights Constitution of the U.S. The Second Amendment has been a major issue in American politics since 1876. In question is the intent of this Amendment. Was it meant to insure that people in general have arms for personal service, or was it intended to insure arms for military service
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico Mexico was the site of some of the earliest and most advanced civilizations in the western hemisphere. The Mayan culture, according to archaeological research, attained its greatest development about the 6th century AD. Another group, the Toltec, established an empire in the Valley of Mexico and developed a great civilization still evidenced by the ruins of magnificent buildings and monuments. The leading tribe, the Aztec, built great cities and developed an intricate social, political, a
The Political Career of Richard Nixon
The Political Career of Richard Nixon
The Political Career of Richard Nixon 1. Nixon's Beginning in Politics 2. Emergence in National Politics A. The Hiss Case B. Nixon's Political Obituary C. Resurgence as a presidential candidate 3. The 37th President A. Nixon's Appointment's B. Foreign Policy 1. Nixon's plans for Europe 2. Vietnam C. Domestic Policy 4. Nixon's Second Administration A. Reelection B. Watergate A few weeks after the United States entered World War II a young man named Richard Nixon went to Washington, D.C. In Januar
The Brady Bill
The Brady Bill
The Brady Bill Introduction The legislative process in the United States Congress shows us an interesting drama in which a bill becomes a law through compromises made by diverse and sometimes conflicting interests in this country. There have been many controversial bills passed by Congress, but among all, I have taken a particular interest in the passage of the Brady bill. When the Brady debate was in full swing in Congress about three years ago, I was still back in my country, Japan, where the
US Foreign Policy Toward Jewish Refugees During 1933-1939
US Foreign Policy Toward Jewish Refugees During 1933-1939
U.S Foreign Policy Toward Jewish Refugees During 1933-1939 PART I HISTORICAL REVIEW AND ANALYSIS In reviewing the events which gave rise to the U.S.'s foreign policy toward Jewish refugees, we must identify the relevant factors upon which such decisions were made. Factors including the U.S. government's policy mechanisms, it's bureaucracy and public opinion, coupled with the narrow domestic political mindedness of President Roosevelt, lead us to ask; Why was the American government apathetic to
The American Crocodile
The American Crocodile
The American Crocodile The American crocodile is a very unique animal. It is mostly found in many parts of the United States, but this species of crocodile lives in the Florida Everglades. The America crocodile's scientific name is a very complicated and confusing name. Its scientific name is Crocodylus acutus. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS The American crocodile is a large reptile with a long, cigar-shaped body, short legs, and a powerful tail and deadly jaws. Its heart has four chambers, preventin
Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler 1. THE BEGINNING At half past six on the evening of April 20th, 1889 a child was born in the small town of Branau, Austria. The name of the child was Adolf Hitler. He was the son a Customs official Alois Hitler, and his third wife Klara. As a young boy Adolf attendated church regulary and sang in the local choir. One day he carved a symbol into the bench which resembled the Swastika he later used as the symbol of the Nazi party. He was a pretty good student. He received good marks
A Man and His Guns
A Man and His Guns
A Man and His Guns The Colt six shooter will always be a legend to many fighting men. Whether you know it as an accurate, cowboy, Texas Ranger, gun-slinging, out West, corral gun, or as a little protection, the Peacemaker by Samuel Colt and Samuel Colt will never be forgotten. Samuel Colt is known as the inventor of the first revolving firearm. Colt was born in 1814 to a family were money was not the pressing issue. His father ,Christopher, was a man that owned his own silk mill in the town whe
ADOLF HITLER
ADOLF HITLER
ADOLF HITLER 1. THE BEGINNING At half past six on the evening of April 20th, 1889 a child was born in the small town of Branau, Austria. The name of the child was Adolf Hitler. He was the son a Customs official Alois Hitler, and his third wife Klara. As a young boy Adolf attendated church regulary and sang in the local choir. One day he carved a symbol into the bench which resembled the Swastika he later used as the symbol of the Nazi party. He was a pretty good student. He received good marks
1 THE BEGINNING
1 THE BEGINNING
1. THE BEGINNING   At half past six on the evening of April 20th, 1889 a child was born in the small town of Branau, Austria. The name of the child was Adolf Hitler. He was the son a Customs official Alois Hitler, and his third wife Klara.   As a young boy Adolf attendated church regulary and sang in the local choir. One day he carved a symbol into the bench which resembled the Swastika he later used as the symbol of the Nazi party. He was a pretty good student. He received good marks in most o
Richard Milhous Nixon was the thirty-seventh president of the United S
Richard Milhous Nixon was the thirty-seventh president of the United S
Richard Milhous Nixon was the thirty-seventh president of the United States and the only president to have resigned from office. He was on his was to success after receiving his law degree from Duke University Law School in 1937. California Republicans persuaded Nixon in 1946 to be their candidate to challenge Jerry Voorhis, the popular Democratic Congressman, for his seat in the United States House of Representatives. He accuses Voorhis of being “soft” on Communism. This was damaging to him be
Society's Influence on Morals
Society's Influence on Morals
Society's Influence on Morals The atrocities of the Holocaust have prompted much inquiry by researchers to understand how humans can behave so cruelly toward their fellow man. Theories have been formed that cite the men of Battalion 101 as “ exceptions” or men with “faulty personalities,” when, in fact, they were ordinary men. The people who attempted to perform a genocide were the same people as you and me with the only difference being the environment in which they worked. The behavior of the
Eliot's Views of Sexuality as revealed in the behavior of Prufrock and
Eliot's Views of Sexuality as revealed in the behavior of Prufrock and
Eliot's Views of Sexuality as revealed in the behavior of Prufrock and Sweeney. The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock tells the story of a single character, a timid, middle-aged man. Prufrock is talking or thinking to himself. The epigraph, a dramatic speech taken from Dante's Inferno, provides a key to Prufrock's nature. Like Dante's character Prufrock is in hell, in this case a hell of his own feelings. He is both the you and I of line one, pacing the city's grimy streets on his lonely
Societys Influence on Morals
Societys Influence on Morals
Society’s Influence on Morals The atrocities of the Holocaust have prompted much inquiry by researchers to understand how humans can behave so cruelly toward their fellow man. Theories have been formed that cite the men of Battalion 101 as “exceptions” or men with “faulty personalities,” when, in fact, they were ordinary men. The people who attempted to perform a genocide were the same people as you and me with the only difference being the environment in which they worked. The behavior of the
PERSUASIVE ESSAY
PERSUASIVE ESSAY
PERSUASIVE ESSAY Capital Punishment should be Abolished Evidence suggests that the death penalty does not deter people from committing crimes. It is a cruel and cold blooded form of punishment and there have been instances where innocent people were sentenced to death and later found to be innocent. The most common methods of execution are hanging and shooting. Countries like the U.S. use electrocution, gas chambers and lethal injections to dispose of the convicted. Some countries, like the U.S
Diversity is an attribute that is seen among people situations and cul
Diversity is an attribute that is seen among people situations and cul
Diversity is an attribute that is seen among people, situations and cultures. Everyone has encountered different situations at one time or more during their lives that has either been pleasant or upsetting. Certain novels written in the 1950's to the present show signs of multiformity very clearly. In regards to culture, people are placed in unusual situations where their diversity is shown. Throughout the novella, Good-bye, Columbus, written by Philip Roth, conflicts are seen as far as socia
Nostradamus and a Grim Future
Nostradamus and a Grim Future
Nostradamus and a Grim Future by Mookypj English II pre-AP period 1 11/4/96 Outline I. Introduction A. Thesis sentence B. Marc Hopkins opinion on the validity of Nostradamus's predictions II. Background information on Nostradamus A. Source of Nostradamus's education B. Nostradamus's trip to Montpellier C. Tragedies strike Nostradamus 1. Plague comes to town and kills Nostradamus's family 2. Nostradamus's late wife's family sues him 3. Comment to workman results in the alarm of the Church D. Nos
ON THE LEFT SIDE
ON THE LEFT SIDE
ON THE LEFT SIDE A When a rich man donated some money to St. Finbar’s, which is a catholic church in Conn in Ireland, some of the money was spend on electrical wall-heaters in the right half of the church and some of it was spend on medical aid to the people of Burundi. A missionary, Philomena O’Halloran, was sent to Burundi and to raise money to support her mission, a special missionary box was mounted on the counter of the grocer’s. At Christmas after twenty years O’Halloran sent a young man
On the left side
On the left side
On the left side: B: The story takes place in Conn -- a town in western Ireland - during the 1980s. Conn is a rather conservative town with many farmers and shop owners. All of the conservatives are sitting on the right side during Sunday Mass while the principal character and nine other sinners are sitting on the left side. It is easy to see which part of the congregation Farther O'Rourke likes most, since electric heaters have been installed in the right side of the church. Farther O'Rourke i
The identity of Thomas Pynchon is as elusive as the sticky complex web
The identity of Thomas Pynchon is as elusive as the sticky complex web
The identity of Thomas Pynchon is as elusive as the sticky, complex webs of meaning woven into his prose. As America's most famous hidden author, Pynchon produces works which simultaneously deal with issues of disappearance and meaning, of identity and nothingness in a fashion that befuddles some and delights others. He speaks to the world from his invisible pulpit, hiding behind a curtain of anonymity that safely disguises his personality from the prying eyes of critics and fans alike. Witho
The Greeks thought of their Gods as having the same needs as human bei
The Greeks thought of their Gods as having the same needs as human bei
The Greeks thought of their Gods as having the same needs as human beings, they believed that the Gods needed somewhere to live on Earth. Temples were built as the gods' earthly homes. The basic design of temples developed from the royal halls of the Maycenaean Age. A Mycenaean palace consisted of a number of buildings often more than one story high, grouped around a central courtyard. It was brightly painted, both inside and out. In each palace there was a large hall called a megaron, where th
Pyramids
Pyramids
Pyramids The pyramids of Egypt are the last remaining Wonder of the World. Even in the days of Ancient Egypt when powerful pharaohs ruled over Egypt the pyramids were considered a wonder. Today, the ruins of 35 pyramids still stand near the Nile River in Egypt. These pyramids were built to protect the bodies of Egyptian kings and other royalty but before the pyramids became the standard for burials, tombs were used for Egypt’s early rulers, nobles, and other high ranking officials. This group o
Eleven years ago my family and I went on vacation to Egypt The Sphinx
Eleven years ago my family and I went on vacation to Egypt The Sphinx
Eleven years ago my family and I went on vacation to Egypt. The Sphinx, the three Pyramids of Giza, and the Step Pyramid of Pharaoh Zoser towered more than two hundred feet above the golden Egyptian sands like mountains. The sight took my breath away, and that of course was one of their purposes. To a three foot tall, six year old the buildings seemed to be as big as the world. I nearly broke my neck when I tried to glance at the top. When the people of Egypt first looked upon these colossal mo
The medical conditions in concentration camps were very horrable Many
The medical conditions in concentration camps were very horrable Many
The medical conditions in concentration camps were very horrable. Many things happened to the prisoners at this camp and most of the worst things happened because of the medical treatments. Throughout all the camps medical experiments were performed on the prisoners. They were not only performed on the jewish but on all different kinds of people that were at the camps. The experiments were for the most part either harsh or deadly. Some of the experiments were as follows. People were submersed i
The expression an eye for an eye a tooth for a tooth has taken on a wh
The expression an eye for an eye a tooth for a tooth has taken on a wh
The expression “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” has taken on a whole new meaning. Lately, murderers have been getting a punishment equal to their crime, death. In 1967, executions in the United States were temporarily suspended to give the federal appellate courts time to decide whether or not the death penalty was unconstitutional. Then, in 1972, the United States Supreme Court ruled in the case of “Furman versus Georgia” that the death penalty violated the Eight Amendments. According
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases Sam Houston State University, Huntsville CJ 478W-Introduction To Methods Of Research TTH 8:00-9:30 The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases Throughout history, minorities have been ill-represented in the criminal justice system, particularly in cases where the possible outcome is death. In early America, blacks were lynched for the slightest violation of informal laws and many of these killings occured without an
Inherent inside every human soul is a savage evil side that remains
Inherent inside every human soul is a savage evil side that remains
Inherent inside every human soul is a savage evil side that remains repressed by society. Often this evil side breaks out during times of isolation from our culture, and whenever one culture confronts another. History is loaded with examples of atrocities that have occurred when one culture comes into contact with another. Whenever fundamentally different cultures meet, there is often a fear of contamination and loss of self that leads us to discover more about our true selves, often causing pe
Rodda
Rodda
Rodda Bires 2 4/13/96 Hamlet’s Madness `What is madness? Is someone mad merely because they are different, and do they in return see the same about the world? The dictionary defines madness as, “1. the state of being mad; insanity. 2. senseless folly. 3. frenzy; rage. 4. intense excitement or hilarity.” Though is there a difference between madness and wrath or rage? Was Hamlet mad, or was it one big act in order to give reason for his irrational actions and to keep his vengeful motives confiden
Holocaust Rememberance Day
Holocaust Rememberance Day
Holocaust Rememberance Day Then they came for me - and there was no one left to speak for me. We�ve been taught that it is important to know history so that we can understand and learn from past mistakes and avoid repeating them in the future. On May 2nd, millions of people worldwide will remember the victims of the Holocaust as we observe the Holocaust Remembrance Day. Holocaust is the term that refers to the tragedy of the World War II, specifically the ethnic cleansing carried out by the Na
Polonius Is Folish
Polonius Is Folish
Polonius Is Folish Polonius: A Fool in Shakespeare�s Hamlet Hamlet is the most popular of Shakespeare�s plays for theater audiences and readers. It has been acted live in countries throughout the world and has been translated into every language. Polonius is one of the major characters in Hamlet, his role in the play is of great interest to scholars. Parts of Hamlet present Polonius as a fool, whose love of his own voice leads to his constant babbling. Scholars have been analyzing the charac
During the 1920s a biologist named Jean Piaget proposed a theory of co
During the 1920s a biologist named Jean Piaget proposed a theory of co
During the 1920s, a biologist named Jean Piaget proposed a theory of cognitive development of children. He caused a new revolution in thinking about how thinking develops. In 1984, Piaget observed that children understand concepts and reason differently at different stages. Piaget stated children's cognitive strategies which are used to solve problems, reflect an interaction BETWEEN THE CHILD'S CURRENT DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE AND experience in the world. Research on cognitive development has provid
Dickinson Emily Elizabeth 1830-1886 Americas best-known female poet an
Dickinson Emily Elizabeth 1830-1886 Americas best-known female poet an
Dickinson, Emily Elizabeth (1830-1886), America’s best-known female poet and one of the foremost authors in American literature. Dickinson’s simply constructed yet intensely felt, acutely intellectual writings take as their subject issues vital to humanity: the agonies and ecstasies of love, sexuality, the unfathomable nature of death, the horrors of war, God and religious belief, the importance of humor, and musings on the significance of literature, music, and art. Life Born in Amherst, Massa
Arthurian Legend is a group of stories of King Arthur and his Knights
Arthurian Legend is a group of stories of King Arthur and his Knights
Arthurian Legend is a group of stories of King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table. The legends originated as a collection of folk tales passed down by oral tradition. As the stories spread through Europe different scenes as well as different versions appear in different countries. Consequently some of the stories have minor contradictions with each other. However, even though the story has been modified on several occasions, the same basic stories of adventure, romance, combat, betrayal,
In October of 1939 amid the turmoil of the outbreak of war Hitler orde
In October of 1939 amid the turmoil of the outbreak of war Hitler orde
In October of 1939 amid the turmoil of the outbreak of war Hitler ordered widespread mercy killing of the sick and disabled. Code named Aktion T 4, the Nazi euthanasia program to eliminate life unworthy of life at first focused on newborns and very young children. Midwives and doctors were required to register children up to age three who showed symptoms of mental retardation, physical deformity, or other symptoms included on a questionnaire from the Reich Health Ministry. A decision on w
Weapons of the Civil War
Weapons of the Civil War
Weapons of the Civil War The Civil War has been the worst tragedy that this country has experienced throughout our nation’s fairly young existence. It will forever be a permanent scar that will blemish the history of the United States of America. The Civil War amassed more American casualties than all other wars combined. This fact is partially due to the amazing advancement of firearms during the era of the Civil War. Both the C.S.A. and USA were fractionally responsible for creating this sudd
Hydrogen Car
Hydrogen Car
Hydrogen Car The trouble with today's cars is that they still put out a lot of pollution, and use up fossil fuels. One day, we have to run out of fossil fuels. People have been talking about running cars on water for ages. Unfortunately, most of the time, these people are crackpots. But there is a certain amount of truth in what they say. Now I know that trying to predict the future is hard, but I think that an electric car, powered by a fuel cell running on hydrogen, could be a goer! If you re
The Last Seven Months of Anne Frank- Willy Lindwer
The Last Seven Months of Anne Frank- Willy Lindwer
The Last Seven Months of Anne Frank- Willy Lindwer Anne Frank is the best known symbol for the murdered Jews of WWII. Her diary, which was composed between June 12, 1942 and August 1, 1944, was written while hiding in the Annex. It has been published in more than fifty countries. She was thirteen when she started and fifteen when she wrote her last. On Tuesday August 1, 1944, Anne write her last entry to her diary. On August 4, the German Security Service raided the Annex at No. 263 Prisengra
THE SCAFFOLDING OF SIN
THE SCAFFOLDING OF SIN
THE SCAFFOLDING OF SIN For thousands of years, humans have confronted their sinfulness. Some trust in their religious faith to help with their struggles, some sin more to hide the truth. But in the end, man must stand alone – as a sinful creature before God. In Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter, Dimmesdale has a difficult time finding a place to relieve his sin. The Scarlet Letter’s scaffold is a place for the protagonist to find peace with himself. That scaffold holds more importance th
HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS
HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS
HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS A connecting link between the two rivers was considered by the French explorer to be needed if the French were successful in settling this region of the south. In 1810, the citizens of Knox County, Tennessee (current location of Knoxville) petitioned the U.S. Congress to build the waterway that would shorten the distance by more than 800 miles for trade with New Orleans, Mobile and other ports along the Gulf of Mexico. Shortly after Alabama joined the union in 1819, the st