Sociology

A Study of the Negro Policeman Book Review
A Study of the Negro Policeman Book Review
A Study of the Negro Policeman: Book Review by Nicholas Alex Appleton-Century-Crofts Copyright 1969 210 pages Intro. Criminal Justice December 2, 1996 Nicholas Alex, assistant professor of sociology at The City University of New York, holds a Ph.D. from the New School for Social Research and a B.S. from the Wharton School. He was formerly a research assistant with the Russell Sage Foundation, an instructor at Adelphi University, and has had working experience in his academic specialty-the socio
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action “The state shall not discriminate, or grant preferential treatment to any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting.” The previous statement is the unedited text of the operative part of Proposition 209, the California Civil Rights Initiative (CCRI), that passed November fifth by a percentage of 54 to 46. Though the initiative does not actually mention affi
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action Affirmative Action as defined by the Meriam Webster's Dictionary is an active effort to improve the employment or educational opportunities of members of minority groups or women. In 1961 John F.Kennedy issued an executive order calling for Affirmative Action as a means to promote equal opportunity for racial minorities, in hiring by federal contractors. This was the first official use of the term by the Federal Government. Eight years later Nixon as President beefed up the Of
Gun Control
Gun Control
Gun Control Government 2301 02 November 1996 A Well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms , shall not be infringed. Amendment II, Bill of Rights Constitution of the U.S. The Second Amendment has been a major issue in American politics since 1876. In question is the intent of this Amendment. Was it meant to insure that people in general have arms for personal service, or was it intended to insure arms for military service
Socialism
Socialism
Socialism The term socialism is commonly used to refer both to an ideology--a comprehensive set of beliefs or ideas about the nature of human society and its future desirable state--and to a state of society based on that ideology. Socialists have always claimed to stand above all for the values of equality, social justice, cooperation, progress, and individual freedom and happiness, and they have generally sought to realize these values by the abolition of the private-enterprise economy (see CA
California's Proposition 184 Three Strikes and You're Out
California's Proposition 184 Three Strikes and You're Out
California's Proposition 184: Three Strikes and You're Out Last year in California voters approved a controversial ballot initiative. Proposition 184, also known as the three strikes and you're out law, was passed on November 9, 1994. Under this new legislation repeat offenders, upon committing their third felony offense, will be sentenced to a mandatory twenty-five years to life in prison(California 667). The initiative passed by a landslide, with 76% of the voters in favor of it. The State Se
Running head Divorce The Effect on the Children
Running head Divorce The Effect on the Children
Running head: Divorce: The Effect on the Children Divorce: The Effect on the Children Divorce: The Effect on the Children Divorce, once uncommon in our society, is now becoming more and more frequent, disrupting our children’s state of well-being. Some children of divorced families have long-term behavior problems such as depression, low self-esteem, poor school performance, acting out, and difficulties with intimate relationships. Children with divorced or divorcing parents often have a sense
Suicide
Suicide
Suicide Suicide is a significant cause of death in many western countries. Attempts at suicide, and suicidal thoughts or feelings are usually a sign indicating that a person is not coping, often as a result of some event or series of events that they personally find prostrating traumatic or distressing. Most people who attempt suicide are confused about whether or not they want to die. They usually are desperate to find a way to remove or stop emotional pain. A suicide attempt is often a cry fo
Violence in Sports
Violence in Sports
Violence in Sports With the increase in society taking a stance against violence by many people, sports has become an area where some feel that the violent acts such as the hitting and fighting that occurs should be eliminated. You can not change something that has been around for so long because it would change the aspect of the game to something completely different. The elimination of violence should not be done in sport because the violence is a part of the game which would only hurt its pop
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y I've made over $300 with AllAdvantage. You can too. Click Here Censorship The freedom to read is essential to the democratic way of life. But today, that freedom is under attack. Private groups and public authorities everywhere are working to remove both books and periodicals from sale, to exclude certain books from public schools, to censor and silence magazines and newspapers, and to limit controversial books and periodicals to the general public. The suppression of reading materials is s
Notes based on Managing Globalization in the age of Interdependence pu
Notes based on Managing Globalization in the age of Interdependence pu
Notes based on Managing Globalization in the age of Interdependence, published 1995 by Pfeiffer & Company, San Diego, CA. Introductory Quotation: In Managing Globalization in the Age of Interdependence, best-selling author George C. Lodge, Jaime and Josefina Chua Tiampo Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School, tackles an issue of worldwide proportions - the tensions created by globalization, the growing interdependence of the earth's 5.5 billion people. Globalizatio
Appearances
Appearances
Appearances -- a universal concern A desire to appear attractive is universal; it permeates all cultures and peoples, and stretches from the past to the present. Throughout history, both men and women have gone to great lengths to become more attractive. In all parts of the world, people take many different measures to beautify themselves. Even move, the animal world also exhibits the desire to be attractive. Male birds of paradise, with their brilliant hues, contrast sharply with the females.
Baby Boomers are Jealous
Baby Boomers are Jealous
Baby Boomers are Jealous Stephen M. 10/30/96 Professor Shockley Generation X’ers have been described as fanatically independent individuals pathologically ambivalent about the future, and brimming with unsatisfied longings for permanence, for love, and for material possessions. (Lauren, p.64) This less-than-flattering description of our generation has since been expanded by the media to the point that myself and my peers are described as a bunch of apathetic slackers unconcerned with family v
The word mortician brings what images to mind The career of a
The word mortician brings what images to mind The career of a
The word mortician brings what images to mind? The career of a mortician is surprisingly different than it is portraied in movies and books. Being a mortician is a very rewarding job both personal as well as psychological to those with the temperament, training and discipline required to do the job properly. In this paper I'll be reporting the requirements to become a mortician, also called funeral director or undertaker, the duties the job requires of you, and the outlook of this career in the
My independent project was done on a whimsical basis Its thanksgiving
My independent project was done on a whimsical basis Its thanksgiving
My independent project was done on a whimsical basis. It’s thanksgiving eve and my family and I are all gathered around watching football. The Redskins and Cowboy’s are all tied up, and my uncle is on the verge of having a nervous breakdown. A diehard Cowboys fan, who can’t even remember when was the last time he didn’t bet on a game. Mom and dad are still eating, while my aunt recites a thanksgiving song for all the uninvited guests. The door bell rings, and what do you know it’s the Lowell Po
Sociology English
Sociology English
Sociology, English Diversity Within English In order to understand how language variation descriptors are used, we first must understand what language variation is. We can say that the U.S. is linguistically diverse because of the multitude of languages spoken here, but we can also find diversity within these languages. All languages have both dialectical variations and registral variations. These variations, or dialects, can differ in lexicon, phonology, and/or syntax from the Standard Languag
America America God shed His grace on thee And crown thy good with bro
America America God shed His grace on thee And crown thy good with bro
America! America! God shed His grace on thee And crown thy good with brotherhood From sea to shining sea! -America the Beautiful, Katherine Lee Bates The growth of American Literature was further developed in the era of American Romanticism. In this period, stirrings of national consciousness appeared more and more strongly with the emergence of a truly American literature. During this time, as Americans began to understand the meaning of being American, they also began to grow culturally. Th
LEGAL EDUCATION IN THE US
LEGAL EDUCATION IN THE US
LEGAL EDUCATION IN THE US There is no undergraduate law degree in the United States; thus, students cannot expect to study law without first completing an undergraduate degree. Basic admissions requirements for American law schools are a Bachelor's degree in any field and the Law School Admissions Test (LSAT). The American law degree is called the Juris Doctor (JD) and usually requires three years of study. The JD program involves courses in American common and statute law as well as internatio
Many advertisements use codes to convey a fairy tale to consumers usua
Many advertisements use codes to convey a fairy tale to consumers usua
Many advertisements use codes to convey a fairy tale to consumers, usually resulting in a happy ending. This occurs at the expense of the price and means being set aside. Most advertisements rely heavily on visual props and sometimes on text to convey their meaning. These codes are open to many interpretations. This ad is no exception. It uses the visual code on many different levels, and the text is there mainly for explanatory purposes. These codes all have references to the story-line of Mag
The City of Miami is headed no-where regarding its future said Ronald
The City of Miami is headed no-where regarding its future said Ronald
The City of Miami is headed no-where regarding its future said Ronald Hofsteider, an environmental science professor at the University of Miami. “Though Miami has come a long way in history, the future seems very bleak,” he added. At a symposium held at the University of Miami to discuss the past, present, and future of Miami, four professors tried to answer the question, “What will the city consist of during the year 2000?” These professors included George Hernandez, a professor of architectur
Professional ysis of Published Works
Professional ysis of Published Works
Professional ysis of Published Works Professional columnists have often enjoyed the luxury of an additional writer to verify their work. This person is usually an editor or proofreader. Each day, millions of pages of text are scrutinized for accuracy by the public. Many times, people have read through an article and found an error in syntax or spelling. It almost appears to be a rewarding experience for the reader to discover an error in professional works. I have noticed that writers sacrifice
Many writers in American literature try to instill the philosophy of t
Many writers in American literature try to instill the philosophy of t
Many writers in American literature try to instill the philosophy of their choosing into their reader. This is often a philosophy derived at from their own personal experiences. John Steinbeck is no exception to this. When traveling through his native Californian in the mid-1930s, Steinbeck witnessed people living in appalling conditions of extreme poverty due to the Great Depression and the agricultural disaster known as the Dust Bowl. He noticed that these people received no aid whatsoever fr
The Mexican Statement agreed on by the World Assembly of Public Relati
The Mexican Statement agreed on by the World Assembly of Public Relati
The Mexican Statement, agreed on by the World Assembly of Public Relations Associations in Mexico City in August 1978 (Seitel, 1992, 8), reads, Public relations practice is the art and social science of analysing trends, predicting their consequences, counselling organisation leaders, and implementing planned programmes of action which will serve both the organisation's and the public interest. Strengths 1. The emphasis that public relations practice is an art and social science. By stating t
Professional historians spend their lives pursuing the meaning of the
Professional historians spend their lives pursuing the meaning of the
Professional historians spend their lives pursuing the meaning of the past for the present. Everything that exists in today’s world has some origin coming from the past. Everything that exists today and seems to be unique of its time has some basis from the past. It is a known fact that history has a tendency of repeating itself, and so to prepare us for the future we need to understand the past. History can give a person an answer to almost everything that is going on in the present, with wh
Firearms Vital Tools for Self Defense
Firearms Vital Tools for Self Defense
Firearms; Vital Tools for Self Defense or Deadly Killers? Introduction There are presently in excess of 200 million guns in the United States, according to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms Each year this number grows by 4 to 5 million. There are 60 to 65 million legal owners of one or more guns.1 There is a firearm on the premises of more than half the households in America. Most of them keep guns for protection. The others keep them for hunting, target shooting, collecting, and simi
Police work and related feilds
Police work and related feilds
Police work and related feilds Bryan Watson Block F December 1 1995 CO-OP Christmas exam 1. The working conditions of a police officer can vary from easy to stressful situations where the officers life and the lives of others are threatened. The officer must deal with these situations in the way they feel is best but sometimes the officer cannot deal with this situation on their own and they have to call in backup witch can help them deal with the situation. CHANGING IN THE WORK PLACE In these
A major topic of conversation nowadays is whether or not voilence on t
A major topic of conversation nowadays is whether or not voilence on t
A major topic of conversation nowadays is whether or not voilence on television causes children to bahave more violently. Shortly after I began to research this topic, I realized that it is not a clear cut issue. Evidence can be easily found to support each position. In the following essay I will examine the different positions that can ba taken on this topic and try ro form my own view on the affect violent TV has on chidren. The first position I will examine is the one in which it is believed
John Boston
John Boston
John Boston Sociology 101 October 31, 1996 If I had the power to abolish poverty in the United States I would do it in a second. Abolishing poverty would be almost impossible because there are just to many poor people for one person to help to abolish poverty we must all work to help those who are poor get out of this condition. There are two types of poor, there are people who are relatively poor and there are people who are absolutely poor. People who are relatively poor are poor compared to
Compare and Contrast
Compare and Contrast
Compare and Contrast Do you know anybody that loves to burn books? Well, in the novel Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, he has such a great pair of characters. Montag and Captain Beatty burn books for living. While Montag is a kind of guy with a dual personality, ignorant, and loves to read books, and Captain Beatty is arrogant, intelligent, and afraid of books. In the society that described by Bradbury, people commit suicide everyday. It is against the law to have books. You can't neither read n
Reverend Jesse L Jackson
Reverend Jesse L Jackson
Reverend Jesse L. Jackson I am somebody. Born in the year 1941, from the town of Greenville, South Carolina, Jesse Jackson was and still is one of the most powerful civil rights leaders of the twentieth century. His voice, face, and organizations have been very popular and intricate to the civil rights movement. He has fought for not only African Americans, but has also met with world leaders and was successful where other politicians were not. Many people do not realize the reverend’s ties t
PLACE
PLACE
PLACE Italy covers 116,320 sq. mi. (301,268 km). Italy lies in southern Europe on the Mediterranean sea. It borders France, Switzerland, Austria, and Yugoslavia. The Alps form Italy's northern and northwestern border. The Apennines occupy the center of Italy's boot-shape peninsula. The highest elevation is 15,521 ft. 58,167,000 people live in Italy. Central and southern Italy have hot summers and mild winters. Northern Italy has a slightly cooler summer than the rest of the country. But it is m
GANGS
GANGS
GANGS Gangs are a violent reality that people have to deal with in today's cities. What has made these groups come about? Why do kids feel that being in a gang is both an acceptable and prestigious way to live? The long-range answer to these questions can only be speculated upon, but in the short term the answers are much easier to find. On the surface, gangs are a direct result of human beings' personal wants and peer pressure. To determine how to effectively end gang violence we must find the
Satanism SociologyPsychology I am hoping I can somehow make this seem
Satanism SociologyPsychology I am hoping I can somehow make this seem
Satanism Sociology/Psychology I am hoping I can somehow make this seem like a psychological report without making it lose any of it's important details. My goal in writing this paper is to hopefully make people understand and agree that Satanism is not a Devil Worshipping, animal mutilating, child scarifying cult organization. The psychological thing comes in when people say Satanism is wrong or evil, they hear the word Satan and automatically assume that it must be bad. They make these assump
Andy Warhol Life and Works
Andy Warhol Life and Works
Andy Warhol – Life and Works I’d like to start off this essay by expressing some personal opinions about the subject I’ve chosen, and also provide some background information, essential to a better understanding of the artist I have chosen, the era and movement he belonged to, and the style of art he produced. This world renowned artist I believe is the first artist that comes to mind when people hear the word “Pop art”. This man is Andy Warhol, one of the most famous modern artists of the 20th
Modern Day Slaves
Modern Day Slaves
Modern Day Slaves Principles Sociology 101 –IC February 19, 2004 Thought Slavery was Abolished? One may be mystified to learn that slavery still exsist . While this slavery of the twenty first century is by no means related to that of our forefathers, who were brought in from Africa to toil on plantations, its is no less horrific. One may even argue successfully that this of slavery given the era in which it committed is as equally heart reneging. These Modern Days Slaves are called Sex Slaves.
Published Word of Mouth Referable Consumer-
Published Word of Mouth Referable Consumer-
Published Word of Mouth: Referable, Consumer- Generated Information on the Internet April 2002 Published Word of Mouth: Referable, Consumer- Generated Information on the Internet Abstract Consumer-to-consumer communication about products and services, often known as “word of mouth” (WOM), is an important source of marketplace information. The Internet is becoming an increasingly active medium for this type of communication. We describe the ways in which word-of-mouth information is communicated
ABBREVIATION IN ENGLISH
ABBREVIATION IN ENGLISH
ABBREVIATION IN ENGLISH An abbreviation is a shorter way to write a word or phrase. People use abbreviations for words that they write a lot. The English language often uses the apostrophe mark ' to show that a word is written in a shorter way, but some abbreviations do not use this mark. Some abbreviations use the period mark, especially the ones that come from the Latin language. Some examples of common English abbreviations are don't for do not , shouldn't for should not , etc. for et cetera
Semiotics Language and Culture
Semiotics Language and Culture
Semiotics: Language and Culture Linguistic and Cultural Semiotics is a branch of communication theory that investigates sign systems and the modes of representation that humans use to convey feelings, thoughts, ideas, and ideologies. Semiotic analysis is rarely considered a field of study in its own right, but is used in a broad range of disciplines, including art, literature, anthropology, sociology, and the mass media. Semiotic analysis looks for the cultural and psychological patterns that un
The Woman Warrior A story of a lost fight
The Woman Warrior A story of a lost fight
The Woman Warrior. A story of a lost fight. English 455 Anger and confusion were following me as I was trying to fight my way through Maxine Hong Kingston’s masterpiece. I was helplessly looking for some answers. Who is the Woman Warrior? Where is the fine line between fiction and non-fiction, if there is one? What is the connection between all of the stories that seemed non-related to each other? And as soon as I thought that I figured it out, the author failed me again. I was surprised (and no
Regionalism in global societies
Regionalism in global societies
Regionalism in global societies. The article raised above was actually the issue which first came into my mind when I started to think about Regionalism in the modern. New technologies gave us chances to communicate interactive and real time around the world, but do not substitute the request for face to face contact and association. On the one hand, the extension allows a worldwide participation in communication, on the other hand this newly shaped community is structured like a tribe. Now we a
Reconstruction
Reconstruction
Reconstruction Perspectives on History 1/4/03 Chapter 2 The civil war is over; the Union army defeats the militant, defiant Confederacy. Our agenda at this time was to embrace the citizens of the south back into our country, the way it was before the war. Even though the northern forces won, they felt obligated to rebuild what has been destroyed physically, economically and culturally. Reprobation’s came though in what is called reconstruction. Northerners could send money to finance their econo
The Effects of the Industrial Revolution
The Effects of the Industrial Revolution
The Effects of the Industrial Revolution The fact that the Industrial Revolution, which originated in England, changed the world is undisputed. Our present lifestyle would have been vastly different had the related events not have occurred. However, we must not romanticize the early changes. They were plagued with disease, poverty, exploitation of children, and the deterioration of the working class. Badly needed reforms came slowly, but inventions and improvements grew at a rapid pace, all of w
How have the perspectives on the meaning of history changed over time
How have the perspectives on the meaning of history changed over time
How have the perspectives on the meaning of history changed over time? “However much they might have agreed on the need for accuracy and truthfulness, historians down the ages have held widely different views on the purposes to which these things were to be put and the way in which the facts they presented were to be explained…” (Richard J. Evans, In Defense of History) Although historians strive to record history to be as true and accurate as possible, it is how they perceive a certain event o
Womens Suffrage Movement
Womens Suffrage Movement
Women’s Suffrage Movement The women’s suffrage movement, symbol of nineteenth and early twentieth century feminism then and now, is the most visible manifestation of women’s emancipation, but it is merely the tip of the iceberg. Those who attacked women’s suffrage were attacking much more than the idea that women as well as men should enter the polling booth. My thesis statement is as follows: Unlike the opposition to a wider male suffrage, women’s suffrage was opposed not so much because people
The Growth of Litigations Concerning Prison Rights
The Growth of Litigations Concerning Prison Rights
The Growth of Litigations Concerning Prison Rights The U.S. Supreme Court has interpreted Section 1983 of the U.S. Code to permit prisoners to sue state correctional officials when the conditions of confinement fail to meet constitutional standards of physical security, adequate medical treatment, freedom of religious expression, and so forth. (www.ncsonline.org) In the 1960s when the U.S. Supreme Court established that prisoners had constitutional rights, (Cooper v. Pate, 278 U.S. 546 (1964).)
Silent Suffering
Silent Suffering
“Silent Suffering” Sociology 300 Fall 2003 Domestic violence, family violence, interpersonal violence, abuse, battery… these are all terms used to describe violence toward or physical abuse of one's spouse or domestic partner. Prevalent through out history and society, ours and others, is the abuse and battery of domestic partners. Most often emphasis is put on the abuse of women by their husband or boyfriend, but there are other types of domestic abuse that are talked about less often than thes
Carl Marx and the Conflict Theory
Carl Marx and the Conflict Theory
Carl Marx and the Conflict Theory The bourgeoisie and proletariet have both similarities and differences in their emergence and development as a class. They both emerged out of a separate society and developed their own. The bourgeoisie grew out of the feudal society and the need to develop a modern industry. The proletarians grew out of the bourgeoisie society and their need for change and stability. They both need to have centralized power in order for each society to grow. The bourgeoisie has
Disney
Disney
Disney Table of contents Introduction Who are your Competitors? Details make Disney The Happiest Place on Earth Everything Walks the Talk Disney Keys to Excellence Where Everyone Walks the Talk Disney Ears are Always Listening Reward and Reconigaztion of the Cast Members Xvxryonx makxs a Diffxrxncx Conclusion Bibliography When someone mentions Disney World many different feelings go though your head some feel fun or time with the family others feel crowds noise no fun more work. The management o
Human Culture
Human Culture
Human Culture I use the term culture to refer collectively to a society and its way of life or in reference to human culture as a whole. The Modern technical definition of culture, as socially patterned human thought and behavior, was originally proposed by the nineteenth-century British anthropologist, Edward Tylor. This definition is an open-ended list, which has been extended considerably since Tylor first proposed it. Some researchers have attempted to create exhaustive universal lists of t
Long Distance Relationships
Long Distance Relationships
Long Distance Relationships Title page Abstract Introduction Literature Review There are many aspects that need to be considered when looking at romantic long-distance relationships. This type of relationship varies greatly from relationships in which the partners live near one another in a number of ways including communication, idealization, and relationship satisfaction. These ideas need to be addressed when discussing the transition, maintenance, and coping solutions of the relationship. The