Sentencing

Blacks Prison And Institutional Racism
Blacks Prison And Institutional Racism
Blacks, Prison, And Institutional Racism Description: The title pretty much says it all in this one. This paper addresses the issue of blacks in prison and explores the socio-economic causes and solutions. This paper uses many govermentally commissioned reports. Blacks, Prison, and Institutional Racism Introduction Criminal justice and security is one of the largest industries in the United States. Such a statistic is (and rightly so) of great concern to Afro-Americans because a disproportionat
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases Throughout history, minorities have been ill-represented in the criminal justice system, particularly in cases where the possible outcome is death. In early America, blacks were lynched for the slightest violation of informal laws and many of these killings occurred without any type of due process. As the judicial system has matured, minorities have found better representation but it is not completely unbiased. In the past twenty yea
THE NEED FOR EXTREME CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM IN CALIFORNIA
THE NEED FOR EXTREME CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM IN CALIFORNIA
THE NEED FOR EXTREME CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM IN CALIFORNIA ORIENTATION FACTORS: I. Basic Introduction and description - Introduce basic sides of Criminal Law and Elaborate II. General History and Development - Discuss the history and modifications of Reform Laws in California III. Main Problems and Concern Stimulants - Point out real life statistics and point out incidents IV. Conclusion - Point out the need for an extreme reform and what can be done SENTENCE OUTLINE I. An analysis of Department
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment Capital punishment is the legal infliction the death penalty. It is obviously the most severe form of criminal punishment. (Bedau1) Capital punishment is a controversial way of dealing with violent criminals. The main alternative to the death penalty is life in prison. Capital punishment has been around for thousands of years as a means of eradicating criminals. A giant debate started between supporters and opposers of execution, over the morality and effectiveness of the deat
Capital Punishment Is It Required
Capital Punishment Is It Required
Capital Punishment: Is It Required Looking out for the state of the public's satisfaction in the scheme of capital sentencing does not constitute serving justice. Today's system of capital punishment is fraught with inequalities and injustices. The commonly offered arguments for the death penalty are filled with holes. It was a deterrent. It removed killers. It was the ultimate punishment. It is biblical. It satisfied the public's need for retribution. It relieved the anguish of the victim's fa
Jury Nullification and Its Effects on Black America
Jury Nullification and Its Effects on Black America
Jury Nullification and Its Effects on Black America It is obvious that significant improvements have been made in the way that the criminal justice system deals with Blacks during the history of the United States. Blacks have not always been afforded a right to trial, not to mention a fair one. Additionally, for years, Blacks were unable to serve on juries, clearly affecting the way both Blacks and whites were tried. Much of this improvement has been achieved through various court decisions, and
Juvenile Justice
Juvenile Justice
Juvenile Justice The Juvenile Justice System as it typically functions in America's thousands of jurisdictions is the subject that will be covered. The Juvenile Justice System is defined as that sociolegal process having responsibility and authority for public reaction to current juvenile delinquency and deterrence of future juvenile delinquency, including within that process the public and private agents, agencies, laws, rules, and policies having to do with juvenile delinquency(Weiner, 1987,
Mitchell v Wisconsin Why Mitchell v Wisconsin Sucked
Mitchell v Wisconsin Why Mitchell v Wisconsin Sucked
Mitchell v. Wisconsin: Why Mitchell v. Wisconsin Sucked On June 11, 1993, the United State Supreme Court upheld Wisconsin's penalty enhancement law, which imposes harsher sentences on criminals who intentionally select the person against whom the crime...is committed..because of the race, religion, color, disability, sexual orientation, national origin or ancestry of that person. Chief Justice Rehnquist deliverd the opinion of the unanimous Court. This paper argues against the decision, and wi
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases Throughout history, minorities have been ill-represented in the criminal justice system, particularly in cases where the possible outcome is death. In early America, blacks were lynched for the slightest violation of informal laws and many of these killings occured without any type of due process. As the judicial system has matured, minorities have found better representation but it is not completely unbiased. In the past twenty years
Law of Precedent
Law of Precedent
Law of Precedent One of the major considerations on how someone is tried in a court of law depends upon the previous convictions of similar cases. This law of precedent (stare decisis) was founded hundreds of years ago as part of our common law. The literal translation of stare decisis is that like cases be decided alike. Precedents in law play a fundamental role in the judicial processes of Canada. From stealing a loaf of bread ranging to murder in the first degree, there are precedents for a
Susan Smith
Susan Smith
Susan Smith In the blink of an eye, North America was informed of Susan Smith's tragic loss of her two young boys. No one would have guessed that such a violent crime could have occurred in a small town . Throughout the ordeal , police began to see the flaws in Susan Smith's story. This lead to suspicions, causing the police to make Susan Smith their prime suspect. Days later, Susan Smith confessed to the hideous crime she committed, leaving the nation in disgust. The actions of Susan Smith, whi
Limiting Death Row Appeals
Limiting Death Row Appeals
Limiting Death Row Appeals Michael Wilkinson 03 February 1997 English 121 The Constitution of the United States outlines the rights of a person accused of a crime. The individual has a right to a trial and to be judged by a jury of his peers. When the result of a trial is a guilty verdict and the individual is sentenced to death, the individual has a right to appeal the verdict and the sentence. At the present time, there are virtually no limits on the number of appeals the individual is entitle
Partial-Birth Abortion and its Affect on the American People
Partial-Birth Abortion and its Affect on the American People
Partial-Birth Abortion and its Affect on the American People We sat and watched our televisions and rejoiced as Jeffrey Dahmer was sentenced to life in prison for the brutal killing of hundreds of men, women, and children. Yet, right now, as you are reading this paper, another life has been taken...a child's life. A child who, one day, could have been seen take his or her first steps, opened the first Christmas present. One who later could have went off to school and come home with news of his o
Rehabilitation of Criminals A Waste of Time or Worth The Effort
Rehabilitation of Criminals A Waste of Time or Worth The Effort
Rehabilitation of Criminals: A Waste of Time or Worth The Effort? By: Heather Rose Since 1960, the number of violent crimes committed per capita in the United States has increased by more than 450%. More than 24,000 murders took place in America in 1991.. With each passing year, rapes, robberies, murder, and other forms of extreme violence has become a way of life for some individuals who fall short of society's norms; however, it is only a small portion of criminals who commit the majority of t
California's Proposition 184 Three Strikes and You're Out
California's Proposition 184 Three Strikes and You're Out
California's Proposition 184: Three Strikes and You're Out Last year in California voters approved a controversial ballot initiative. Proposition 184, also known as the three strikes and you're out law, was passed on November 9, 1994. Under this new legislation repeat offenders, upon committing their third felony offense, will be sentenced to a mandatory twenty-five years to life in prison(California 667). The initiative passed by a landslide, with 76% of the voters in favor of it. The State Se
The New Federalist Party
The New Federalist Party
The New Federalist Party Part I As the sole member of the New Federalist party, it is with great honors that I now present to you the very first New Federalist platform. PREAMBLE The growing dissension between the two major political parties today has drawn them away from the public's views. It has been determined that the citizens of the United States cannot get what they want from the current major parties. Because of this, a total reconstruction of the current political structure is in dire n
The Role of the Prosecutor
The Role of the Prosecutor
The Role of the Prosecutor All serious criminal cases require the participation of three individuals: the judge, counsel for the prosecution, and counsel for the accused. If any one of these are absent from the procedure, Athe criminal justice system is [email protected] (Congress). The prosecutor stands at a critical stage in the criminal justice system as well as playing a critical role before, during and after the trial. They serve many functions throughout the criminal process. Some of which are i
Juveniles Too Young To Die
Juveniles Too Young To Die
Juveniles: Too Young To Die? By Aaron Dechant English Comp. I A Mr. Keller In 1643 a sixteen year old boy was put to death for sodomizing a cow. Three hundred and fifty years later, sixteen states have legitimized the execution of juveniles. Four of those twelve states have lowered the legal age of execution to twelve. For whatever reasons the death penalty has been supported by the public since this country's existence. In this day and age of increasing violence, both juvenile and adult, it is
Fyodor Dostoyevsky's The House of the Dead
Fyodor Dostoyevsky's The House of the Dead
Fyodor Dostoyevsky's The House of the Dead Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky was born in Moscow on Nov. 11, 1825. As his father was a former military surgeon, Dostoyevsky grew up in the noble class. He entered the military engineering school at St. Petersburg at age 16. Shortly after graduating, he resigned his commission and devoted all his time to writing. However, he soon became caught up in the movement for political and social reform during the reign of Tsar Nicholas I. He began to participa
In Cold Blood Death Penalty
In Cold Blood Death Penalty
In Cold Blood - Death Penalty Capital Punishment has been part of the criminal justice system since the earliest of times. The Babylonian Hammurabi Code(ca. 1700 B.C.) decreed death for crimes as minor as the fraudulent sale of beer(Flanders 3). Egyptians could be put to death for disclosing the location of sacred burial sites(Flanders 3). However, in recent times opponents have shown the death penalty to be racist, barbaric, and in violation with the United States Constitution as &cruel and un
The Use of Symbols in Macbeth
The Use of Symbols in Macbeth
The Use of Symbols in Macbeth In the play Macbeth, Shakespeare uses many symbols to add to his story. His use of blood, water, light, dark, rampant animals, and even the witches are examples of how he used symbols to add depth to his play. These symbols were often times recurring and they were all related to the central plot of the play. Shakespeare used blood in this play several times. Blood is first mentioned by Macbeth shortly after he had slain Duncan. The subject of blood was introduced a
Why do killers rapists and child molesters go free A large portion of
Why do killers rapists and child molesters go free A large portion of
Why do killers, rapists, and child molesters go free? A large portion of early release prisoners commit serious crimes after being released. In fact, in a three year follow-up of 108,850 state prisoners released in 1983 from institutions in 11 states, within three years sixty percent of violent crime offenders were re-arrested. More than half of those charged with violent crimes were discharged within two years.(from Truth In Sentencing by James Wooton). These criminals are sent right back to
Comparison - Contrast Essay
Comparison - Contrast Essay
Comparison - Contrast Essay by: Aubrey Wood In both Crime and Punishment and Othello there is a theme of necessary balance. Crime and Punishment's theme that man must be balanced in order to function properly is very similar to Othello's theme that, tragically, jealousy is destructive, even to the one that holds it. In Crime and Punishment, Raskolnikov's extreme intellectualism caused him to stop functioning as a complete and balanced individual which ultimately cost him his freedom. For Othell
Brandon Anderson
Brandon Anderson
Brandon Anderson Period 0 10/11/96 BILLY BUDD Before the Fall, Adam and Eve were perfect. They were innocent and ignorant, yet perfect, so they were allowed to abide in the presence of God. Once they partook of the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, however, they immediately became unclean as well as mortal. In Billy Budd, the author, Herman Melville, presents a question that stems directly from this original sin of our first parents: Is it better to be innocent and ignorant, but
Bulletproof
Bulletproof
Bulletproof In the stifling post-boxing match Las Vegas traffic jam, a new black 1996 BMW inched along impatiently, it’s gold detailing glimmering brightly under the street lights. Any attempt to catch a glimpse of the passengers within the tinted windows revealed only a distorted reflection of the chaotic, yet relatively motionless urban scene. The glass sunroof slid open and a dark figure rose partly through the opening, like a tank commander surveying the horizon for signs of the enemy. Disc
THE DEATH PENALTY
THE DEATH PENALTY
THE DEATH PENALTY: TO BE OR NOT TO BE... For the past several months Americans have regularly listed crime and violence as the number - one problem facing the nation, far surpassing worries over the economy or health care. Despite the many government and community initiatives launched during recent years to reduce crime, most Americans see no improvement. In a 1993 survey asking respondents if they felt crime was increasing or decreasing in their areas, only 5 % felt that it was decreasing, a f
The Use of Symbols in Macbeth
The Use of Symbols in Macbeth
The Use of Symbols in Macbeth In the play Macbeth, Shakespeare uses many symbols to add to his story. His use of blood, water, light, dark, rampant animals, and even the witches are examples of how he used symbols to add depth to his play. These symbols were often times recurring and they were all related to the central plot of the play. Shakespeare used blood in this play several times. Blood is first mentioned by Macbeth shortly after he had slain Duncan. The subject of blood was introduced a
Arthur Miller's The Crucible is clearly a representation of the true
Arthur Miller's The Crucible is clearly a representation of the true
Arthur Miller's The Crucible is clearly a representation of the true meaning of tragedy. John Proctor was, in fact, the medium, the tool, of which Miller utilized to convey a universal depiction of tragedy. A broad definition of a tragic hero is a protagonist who, through faults and flaws of his own and in the society in which he exists, falters in the grand scheme of things. This mistake leads to suffering, which ultimately leads to a self-realization. Miller, himself, has said, Tragedy, th
Why did Atticus defend a nigger What was the point of being the advoca
Why did Atticus defend a nigger What was the point of being the advoca
Why did Atticus defend a nigger? What was the point of being the advocate for a black man? It doesn’t matter if their guilty or innocent, you can ceaselessly and effortlessly convict the animals for their colour vice. You can even turn a blind eye to the obvious truth. And so did the “people”, the white, narrow-minded, bigoted and hypocritical people of Maycomb. The justification for why Atticus broke from the norm, and acted unlike most others in his community, can be compared to the motive of
Why did Atticus defend a nigger What was the point of being the advoca
Why did Atticus defend a nigger What was the point of being the advoca
Why did Atticus defend a nigger? What was the point of being the advocate for a black man? It doesn't matter if their guilty or innocent, you can ceaselessly and effortlessly convict the animals for their colour vice. You can even turn a blind eye to the obvious truth. And so did the people, the white, narrow-minded, bigoted and hypocritical people of Maycomb. The justification for why Atticus broke from the norm, and acted unlike most others in his community, can be compared to the motive of
The use of capital punishment has been a permanent fixture in society
The use of capital punishment has been a permanent fixture in society
The use of capital punishment has been a permanent fixture in society since the earliest civilizations and continues to be used as a form of punishment in countries today. It has been used for various crimes ranging from the desertion of soldiers during wartime to the more heinous crimes of serial killers. However, the mere fact that this brutal form of punishment and revenge has been the policy of many nations in the past does not subsequently warrant its implementation in today's society. The
GUN CONTROL
GUN CONTROL
GUN CONTROL Gun Control can be called the 'acid test' of liberalism. All true liberals must favor stricter gun controls. After all, doesn't the United States have the most heavily armed population on the earth? Are we not the world's most violent people? Surely these facts must be at least casually connected. Therefore the apparently desperate need to do something about the vast quantity of firearms and firearms abuse is obvious. Guns are employed in an enormous number of crimes in this count
It is obvious that significant improvements have been made in the way
It is obvious that significant improvements have been made in the way
It is obvious that significant improvements have been made in the way that the criminal justice system deals with Blacks during the history of the United States. Blacks have not always been afforded a right to trial, not to mention a fair one. Additionally, for years, Blacks were unable to serve on juries, clearly affecting the way both Blacks and whites were tried. Much of this improvement has been achieved through various court decisions, and other improvements have been made through federal
To many Americans today the country is a hostage-but not from oversea
To many Americans today the country is a hostage-but not from oversea
To many Americans today, the country is a hostage-but not from oversea terrorism as one might expect to think. No today, we live in fear from our own children; and these are the same young people who we are entrusting the future of this great country with. According to the Department of Justice report released in November, thirty-eight percent of those arrested for weapons offenses in 1995 were under the age of eighteen (Curriden 66). In the same report, the Bureau of Justice Statistics stated
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases Sam Houston State University, Huntsville CJ 478W-Introduction To Methods Of Research TTH 8:00-9:30 The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases Throughout history, minorities have been ill-represented in the criminal justice system, particularly in cases where the possible outcome is death. In early America, blacks were lynched for the slightest violation of informal laws and many of these killings occured without an
Create A Society
Create A Society
Word Count: 1251 Life On Planet Fuji My name is Christi. I was born February 17, 1999. And I know I have been separated from my immediate family and selected to begin a new society on planet Fuji. I, along with four other children, was chosen to develop our new society into something livable. Our goal is a peaceful cohesive environment. I realize the opportunity I have to continue humanity is greater than mourning any losses; however, I will never forget the life I left behind. I have already s
The motion picture Dead Man Walking provided a non-fiction insight int
The motion picture Dead Man Walking provided a non-fiction insight int
The motion picture Dead Man Walking provided a non-fiction insight into the world of crime, justice, and capital punishment. The film cast several characters from different backgrounds and opinion sets in direct conflict with one another. Several small topics and one major topic, capital punishment, were explored over the duration of the movie. While the opinions and reactions of people to Dead Man Walking may vary, the one constant is that people will have a reaction. Sister Helen Preje, the C
Mississippi Burning
Mississippi Burning
Mississippi Burning Mississippi Burning is a truly well-crafted movie about three civil rights workers, two of them white and the third black, who were murdered in Jessup County, Mississippi in 1964. This happens in the middle of the civil rights movement. Mississippi Burning is a rivetting drama based on a shocking true story. I feel Mississippi Burning is a great movie displaying the hateful ways of the south in the sixety's. The movie starts out with the three civil rights workers driving th
Euthanasia
Euthanasia
Euthanasia Euthanasia (also known as mercy killing) is the act or practice of painlessly putting to death persons suffering from painful or incurable disease or incapacitating physical disorder. The question about weather this is morally right or wrong has posed a major ethical dilemma on the world today. The advance of medical technology is bringing a steadily growing majority of deaths into hospitals where life, of a sort, may be prolonged for a long time. Someone has to decide what nature us
BELIEFS ON CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
BELIEFS ON CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
BELIEFS ON CAPITAL PUNISHMENT The demands of our criminal justice system today, force society to practice the use of capital punishment. In 1972, the United States Supreme Court declared the death penalty “cruel and unusual punishment,” but this decision was reversed in 1978. The citizens of the United States have the right to enforce or ban the law of capital punishment on a state level. Since then, the punishments or scheduled punishments have increased at a steady rate. Religious beliefs amo
BILLY BUDD
BILLY BUDD
BILLY BUDD Before the Fall, Adam and Eve were perfect. They were innocent and ignorant, yet perfect, so they were allowed to abide in the presence of God. Once they partook of the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, however, they immediately became unclean as well as mortal. In Billy Budd, the author, Herman Melville, presents a question that stems directly from this original sin of our first parents: Is it better to be innocent and ignorant, but good and righteous, or is it better
Lewis Carroll in Wonderland
Lewis Carroll in Wonderland
Lewis Carroll in Wonderland I. Through the writings of Lewis Carroll in the story Alice in Wonderland the difference between fantasy and reality can be seenthrough the eyes of a child. The stories created by Carroll are a combination of make believe stories made to entertain children he talked to on an almost daily basis. Seen as odd by adults in society Carroll better associated himself with children because of his stammering disability when speaking. A. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson B. Alice in Won
Imprisonment
Imprisonment
Imprisonment Abstract Imprisonment rates for women have increased significantly over the past few years. This increase, relative to the trend for male prisoners, has implications relating to the overall rise in prison populations and the subsequent planning issues for prisons. This paper aims to identify the factors that are contributing to this greater increase in the rate for women prisoners (the reference period of 1995 to 2002 indicates a 60% increase in rate per 100,000 population) as compa
Should we Re-introduce Capital Punishment in the UK
Should we Re-introduce Capital Punishment in the UK
Should we Re-introduce Capital Punishment in the UK? Fifty percent of the world put people to death as a punishment, fifty percent do not. In this essay I will cover both opinions. For every argument for capital punishment there is an argument against. I find it hard to make up my mind on which side I take. Capital punishment was abolished in the United Kingdom in 1964. Many people would say killing someone is crewel and inhumane, but today, so-called, painless methods have been developed. Then
Stop the Hurt
Stop the Hurt
Stop the Hurt The exploitation of a child or adolescent under the age of seventeen by an adult or another child at least two years older than the victim for the purpose of the offender's own sexual gratification is defined as child sexual abuse. It is a problem that society is faced with every day. Sexual abuse of children can be physical or non-physical. Non-physical sexual abuse includes exhibitionism, voyeurism, and child pornography. Physical sexual abuse can be non-violent or violent and in
Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan Current Political Economic Situation Political situation Uzbekistan, the most populated republic in Central Asia with almost 25 million in-habitants, became independent, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, on 31 August 1991. Its constitution, adopted in 1992, is rather liberal in its statement. It introduces a Presidential system with a Parliament (Oly Majlis/Supreme Council) elected by universal suffrage, enabling several parties to present candidates. Mr Islam Karimov, former he
Slavery
Slavery
Slavery U.S History The warm climate, boundless fields of fertile soil, long growing seasons, and numerous waterways provided favorable conditions for farming plantations in the South (Foster). The richness of the South depended on the productivity of the plantations (Katz 3-5). With the invention of the cotton gin, expansion of the country occurred. This called for the spread of slavery (Foster). Their white owners controlled slaves, owned by one in four families, from birth to death. Black me
Procedural Due
Procedural Due
Procedural Due Procedural Due process of law, limits the procedures that may be used by government when interfering with life, liberty, or property. The constitution provides a number of due process rights in amendments four through eight. Due process is a very important factor in a free society. Without these restrictions on the powers of law enforcement agencies and courts, innocent people would be deprived of very important rights with no cause. The English law developed the right to a “speed
The Death Row
The Death Row
The Death Row The death row, which was located in the East building of the Huntsville unit, remained there from the early years of 1928 to 1952. From 1952 to 1965 the electric chair was located in the Huntsville unit as well. The men on death row were moved from the Huntsville unit to the Ellis unit in 1965 where the death row chambers would remain until 1999. In 1999 the TDCJ moved the death row unit to the Polunsky unit, however the women on death row, are housed at the Mountain View unit. The
The Law making process is never affected by moral panics Therefore as
The Law making process is never affected by moral panics Therefore as
The Law making process is never affected by moral panics. Therefore as lawyers we need not take account of them. Module tittle: Law 101- Legal Method Introduction Moral Panics is not a new concept, neither are they something that’s been only taking place in the last decade. However moral panics seem to be occurring on a regular basis in last the decade heading towards the 21st century. In this essay I will be looking at how moral panics and how they have affected the Law making process, I will t