Psychology Page 7

SPHERICAL PERCEPTIONS Works of Science Fiction are typically written to thrill, amaze, and instil thought into their readers. Science Fiction novels often entail what is impossible or not yet discovered on Earth. Extrasensory perception is surrounded in mystery and uncertainty in today's society, and is the basis of Sphere, a chilling novel by Michael Crichton. Extrasensory perception, or ESP, is a method of communicating and being aware of something without using man's known senses (Alcock 466)
My Two Dads Table of Contents Topic Rational pp. 2 Internet Resources pp. 4 Abstracts pp. Topic Rationale The reason I chose homosexuality as a topic is because it is queer to me. What I do not understand is what would drive people to this way of life. As far as I can tell, people had weird lives when they were younger. Maybe they were dropped on their heads as babies. Maybe they were abused as children, be it emotionally, sexually, mentally, verbally, physically, socially, politically, economic
Ted Bundy: The Biography of a Serial Killer March 11, 1999 INTRODUCTION University educated serial sex killer whose good looks and charm enabled him to lure at least 30 young women to their deaths. Handsome, intelligent, socially recognized, Ted Bundy had been a law student, Boy Scout, a college degree with a major in psychology, involved in a Washington State party politics, and even served as a counselor at the Seattle Crisis Center. The public personality of Ted Bundy suggested nothing of the
THE EFFECT OF BACKGROUNDS ON RECALL Running head: THE EFFECT OF BACKGROUNDS ON RECALL The Difference of Main Recall Between Pictures and Words When Presented on a Background or No Background. Tara M. O’Donnell State University of New York at StonyBrook Psy 380.02 Abstract The picture superiority effect has been studied for many years and many theories have been proposed to explain it. Craik and Loackhart (1972) have found that pictures are always remembered better than words. Swets and Birdsall
Parenting Children With Attention Deficit Disorder Wendy Martin Prof. Eileen Roth Psychology 11 Child Psychology Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder that is usually first evident in childhood and can affect the individual into adulthood. At one time it was thought to be only a behavior problem, later t was redefined in the 50s as minimal brain dysfunction, before it finally metamorphosed into today's ADD and ADHD. ADD is a neurobeh
Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment: The Baby’s Attachment to the Parent Chris Puzio Child Psychology Dr. Rafalowski Tues/Thursday John Bowlby’s theory of the development of attachment has had a major impact on early childhood development. Bowlby assumes that the root of human personality is in the child’s earliest relationships. A child’s development can be effected if there is any damaging trauma in those relationships. Bowlby had focused his research on the child’s first attachment to the mother be
PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AFFECTING FREQUENCY OF DRUG USE Running head: PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AFFECTING FREQUENCY OF DRUG USE The Psychosocial Differences Between Drug Users of Different Frequencies Within a University Setting State University of New York at Stony Brook After declining for a decade, marijuana use began to rise among young people beginning in 1990 (National Institute of Drug Abuse {NIDA}, 1996). Marijuana is one drug whose use, although illegal and considered harmful, has been normali
Learned Helplessness and Grendel Marc Tiskewicz Mr. Prosser English 3 19 November 1998 John Gardner constructs an all to familiar story in his novel Grendel. Not that the stories of Dragon’s are part of our everyday existence, but rather the experiences parallel to those of Grendel. These experiences Gardner constructs seem to follow the pattern of the psychological condition of learned helplessness. Grendel’s overwhelming accumulation of failures cause this condition. The primary supporting com
The Sleepless Mind Clifton Matthews Dr. Linda Jones Psychology 2301 March 31, 1999 Matthews 1 To a romantic, dreams are a way of beautifying life and embellishing reality, a way of being a hero rather than a villain, beautiful rather than ordinary, a saint rather than a devil, a wizard rather than a fool. Dream thinking is magic thinking, which is one of the characteristics of primary process thinking and feeling, of the unconscious id, and of the earliest stages in the birth of a dream(Conigl
The Met Expectations Hypothesis In the past, researchers in higher education highlighted the increasing research requirements at large, public universities (e.g., Bieber, Lawrence & Blackburn, 1992). However, calls for greater accountability and a nationwide investment in assessing and documenting the outcomes of undergraduate education have refocused universities' attention on teaching and the instructional performance of faculty (Barr & Tagg, 1995). As a result, new faculty are entering a ma
Autism December 7,1999 Human Lifespan Human Lifespan December 7, 1999 Autism According to Sternberg (1995), autism is a syndrome of childhood characterized by a lack of social relationship, a lack of communication abilities, and highly restricted range of interest. Autism is also known as pervasive development disorder (PDD). Children who are autistic also lack in intellectual development. Autism occurs in 0.04% of the population and it is also four times more likely to occur in boys as in girls
Manet Born in France in 1832, Manet was raised by his parents Auguste and Eugenie-Desiree; a society couple, who's social standing resulted from Augustešs successful career in the Ministry of Justice , Paris. Indeed, so successful was Auguste in his chosen field that upon his retirement he was awarded the Legion of Honor. It is thought by many that the importance of Augustešs role in both society and the ministry actually intimidated the young Manet, who constantly aspired throughout his adult l
Sexual Development Psychology 245 Final Paper #2 Harold Martinez Dec-7-1998 Sexual development occurs when human beings define their sexual orientations and behavior towards society. Everyday before adulthood, our sexuality gets shaped by a handful of factors like family values, social and cultural expectations, gender, and peer pressure. Factors will define our sexual inclinations, will create taboos and will label us either as normal persons or degenerates. Society labels people as normal or d
Interventions in the Narcissistic Disorders On Narcissism: Psychological Theories and Therapeutic Introduction Understanding the Narcissistic Phenomenon The so called ‘narcissistic personality disorder’ is a complex and often misunderstood disorder. The cardinal feature of the narcissistic personality is the grandiose sense of self importance, but paradoxically underneath this grandiosity the narcissist suffers from a chronically fragile low self esteem. The grandiosity of the narcissist, howeve
Case Study Analyses of the Character Hamlet by Individual Psychology Adams State College Hamlet 2 I will be evaluating the character Hamlet from the movie “Hamlet, Prince of Denmark.” The theory I have chosen is Gordon Allport’s psychology of the individual. Hamlet was written by William Shakespeare in 1602 and was first performed at the Globe theater in England. In particular I have chosen the 1993 screen play interpretation written by Franco Zeffirelli and staring Mel Gibson as Hamlet. The sta
Adolescent Depression: The Under Acknowledged Disease Depression is a disease that afflicts the human psyche in such a way that the afflicted tends to act and react abnormally toward others and themselves. Therefore it comes to no surprise to discover that adolescent depression is strongly linked to teen suicide. Adolescent suicide is now responsible for more deaths in youths aged 15 to 19 than cardiovascular disease or cancer (Blackman, 1995). Despite this increased suicide rate, depression in
Alienated People The Oxford dictionary defines alienation as; to estrange, isolate, detach, distance, to put a distance, to turn away from another person. Alienation, like a lot of other social attitudes and concepts, can give a wide variety of interests. I have found six main points in The Encyclopedia of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Psychoanalysis that have gotten the most attention and things written about alienation; A) Powerlessness: The feeling, belief, or expectancy that a persons behavior
Anne Bradstreet - Feminine but Feminist As a female in a highly patriarchal society, Anne Bradstreet uses the reverse psychology technique to prove the point of her belief of unfair and unequal treatment of women in her community. Women who wrote stepped outside their appropriate sphere, and those who actually published their work frequently faced social censure. Compounding this social pressure, many women faced crushing workloads and struggled with lack of leisure for writing. Others suffered
Another Catcher in the Rye Here is an essay on The Catcher in the Rye Hope you will be able to post it! Through Holden's Eyes The Catcher in the Rye has truly earned it's place among great classic works. J. D. Salinger created a literary piece that was completely unique. The entire novel was written in the first person view of the 17-year-old, Holden Caulfield. The majority of the story is compiled of Holden's rudimentary monologue of 'complexly simple' thoughts, the rest utilizing his relay of
ATTACKS ON THE INSANITY DEFENSE The insanity defense refers to that branch of the concept of insanity which defines the extent to which men accused of crimes may be relieved of criminal responsibility by virtue of mental disease. The terms of such a defense are to be found in the instructions presented by the trial judge to the jury at the close of a case. These instructions can be drawn from any of several rules used in the determination of mental illness. The final determination of mental illn
Applying Psychological Thinking To Sports Sports is by far one of the fastest growing pass times in the United States (Rainer 1987). Even if people don't take it to the professional level, sporting events are happening in our backyards, and at all of our local schools around the country. With the growing popularity and the increasing competitiveness of the sports, it will take more than just a physical advantage to compete at the highest level. This is where the psychology of sports comes into p
Abusive Parents Researchers at the University of Toronto have taken important steps toward producing a profile of an abusive parent. Prof. Gary Walters and doctoral student Lynn Oldershaw of the Department of Psychology have developed a system to characterize parents who physically abuse their children. This could ultimately allow social service professionals to identify parents in child abuse. Over the last five years, Walters and Oldershaw, in collaboration with Darlene Hall of the West End Cr
Another Salem Witch Trials The Salem witchcraft trials of 1692, which resulted in 19 executions, and 150 accusations of witchcraft, are one of the historical events almost everyone has heard of. They began when three young girls, Betty Parris, Abigail Williams and Ann Putnam began to have hysterical fits, after being discovered engaging in forbidden fortune-telling (not dancing naked in the woods) to learn what sorts of men they would marry. Betty's father, the Reverend Samuel Parris, called in
Battered Womens Syndrome In 1991, Governor William Weld modified parole regulations and permitted women to seek commutation if they could present evidence indicating they suffered from battered women's syndrome. A short while later, the Governor, citing spousal abuse as his impetus, released seven women convicted of killing their husbands, and the Great and General Court of Massachusetts enacted Mass. Gen. L. ch. 233  23E (1993), which permits the introduction of evidence of abuse in criminal t
Biology Biology is the science of living systems. It is inherently interdisciplinary, requiring knowledge of the physical sciences and mathematics, although specialities may be oriented toward a group of organisms or a level of organization. BOTANY is concerned with plant life, ZOOLOGY with animal life, algology with ALGAE, MYCOLOGY with fungi, MICROBIOLOGY with microorganisms such as protozoa and bacteria, CYTOLOGY with CELLS, and so on. All biological specialties, however, are concerned with l
Bradstreet - An Early Feminist As a female in a highly patriarchal society, Anne Bradstreet uses the reverse psychology technique to prove the point of her belief of unfair and unequal treatment of women in her community. Women who wrote stepped outside their appropriate sphere, and those who actually published their work frequently faced social censure. Compounding this social pressure, many women faced crushing workloads and struggled with lack of leisure for writing. Others suffered from an u
Carl Gustav Jung Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and founder of the school of analytical psychology. He proposed and developed the concepts of the extroverted and introverted personality, archetypes, and the collective unconscious. The issues that he dealt with arose from his personal experiences. For many years Jung felt as if he had two separate personalities. One introverted while the other was extroverted. This interplay results in his study of integration and wholeness. His work h
Child Psychology The child's mind a very delicate and fragile piece of space just waiting to be fulfilled with knowledge. With every touch, taste, sight, and sound a small part of the brain is in growth. It is these early stimulations that are so crucial to a child's intelligence in the years to come. Babies are born with some knowledge that was genetically pasted down to them form there biological parents, but it is in the next couple of years that will be so crucial to his development. Scienti
Conformity Esssay According to Leon Mann, conformity means ‘yielding to group pressures’. Everyone is a member of one group or another and everyone expects members of these groups to behave in certain ways. If you are a member of an identifiable group you are expected to behave appropriately to it. If you don’t confirm and behave appropriately you are likely to be rejected by the group. Like stereotypes, conforming and expecting others to conform maintains cognitive balance. There are seve
Critically Evaluate The Cognitive Theory Of Stereotyping. Critically evaluate the cognitive theory of stereotyping. B231: Social Interaction, Exam Paper 1998, Question 4. Graeme Gordon Stereotyping is a form of pre judgement that is as prevalent in today's society as it was 2000 years ago. It is a social attitude that has stood the test of time and received much attention by social psychologists and philosophers alike. Many approaches to, or theories of stereotyping have thus been raised. This e
Cult Cults There are many types of cults in the world, cults are everywhere but you just do not see them. Every person in the world has been in contact with them in one way or another in many cases you cannot see them. The closest cult we know of is on Rice Lake called the Moonies led by Reverend Myung, where I have currently visited. Cults can be involved in churches and even are earliest religions are called cults. Cults are not the strongest groups' sects are the strongest group. When you joi
France France is a nation focused on culture. It is in many ways the cultural capital of the world (Lect.Notes #7 Sp.99). France has always been an inspiration for many artists. Due to its strong culture and other moral factors, France is a country afraid of change and its education system is subject to this fear (Whitney 4). In France today, the education system is very similar to what it has been in the past. As other nations take steps to reform and improve their educational facilities France
Group Polarization And Competition In Political Behavior On Tuesday, November 14, 1995, in what has been perceived as the years biggest non-event, the federal government shut down all non-essential services due to what was, for all intents and purposes, a game of national chicken between the House Speaker and the President. And, at an estimated cost of 200 million dollars a day, this dubious battle of dueling egos did not come cheap (Bradsher, 1995, p.16). Why do politicians find it almost conge
Human Cloning Imagine it is the year 2008. As you pick up your daily issue of the New York Times, you begin to read some of the interesting articles on the front page. The top story of the paper reads, Germany Wins All Gold Medals at the Olympic Games: Is Cloning in Competitive Events Fair? Other interesting articles reported on the front page include: Rock Star Stacy Levesque and Lover’s Nuclear Transplanted Child is Born and Former President George Bush’s Cloned Heart Transplant A Success.
Interventions In The Narcissistic Disorders Introduction Understanding the Narcissistic Phenomenon The so called ‘narcissistic personality disorder’ is a complex and often misunderstood disorder. The cardinal feature of the narcissistic personality is the grandiose sense of self importance, but paradoxically underneath this grandiosity the narcissist suffers from a chronically fragile low self esteem. The grandiosity of the narcissist, however, is often so pervasive that we tend to dehumaniz
Kant Can't find it here? Try Collegiate Care Immanuel Kant By: Yonna Yelverton Immanuel Kant was a man before his time. His philosophies, as outlined in Perpetual Peace, paved the way for modern political relations. Unbeknownst to his day and age, his insights were a revelation. They were seeds planted and left unsewn for 120 years. As a first and second image theorist, Kant mixes his liberal and realist views to paint a picture of perpetual peace. His essay outlines the actions that nations sho
Language Language is an abstract concept which is acquired early in life by the vast majority of children through an intricate process. There are many different theories concerning the acquisition of language that have been considered, and these are constantly being refined, along with the technology which enables researchers to further investigate the process. Bilingualism has also been a complex area of interest which has elicited various theoretical viewpoints. There are various aspects which
Mind And Machine Mind and Machine: The Essay Technology has traditionally evolved as the result of human needs. Invention, when prized and rewarded, will invariably rise-up to meet the free market demands of society. It is in this realm that Artificial Intelligence research and the resultant expert systems have been forged. Much of the material that relates to the field of Artificial Intelligence deals with human psychology and the nature of consciousness. Exhaustive debate on consciousness and
Narcissism Introduction Understanding the Narcissistic Phenomenon The so called ‘narcissistic personality disorder’ is a complex and often misunderstood disorder. The cardinal feature of the narcissistic personality is the grandiose sense of self importance, but paradoxically underneath this grandiosity the narcissist suffers from a chronically fragile low self esteem. The grandiosity of the narcissist, however, is often so pervasive that we tend to dehumanize him or her. The narcissist conj
Neuropsychologist A neuropsychologist is a psychologist who specializes in studying brain behavior relationships. Neuropsychologists have extensive training in the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nervous system. Some neuropsychologists specialize in research while other neuropsychologists specialize in evaluating and treating people who are thought to have something wrong with the way in which their nervous system is functioning. Neuropsychologists study brain behavior relationships un
Nutrition “You are what you eat”, goes a famous saying. If that’s truly the case, then a lot of Americans would appear to be unhealthy, chemically treated, commercially raised slabs of animal flesh. While that is not a particularly pleasant thought, it is nonetheless a description of the typical American omnivore who survives on the consumption of big macs and greasy french fries. It’s true, and what have the average Americans done about this problem? Asked for seconds and tell themselve
Ordinary People Ordinary People by Judith Guest is the story of a dysfunctional family who relate to one another through a series of extensive defense mechanisms, i.e. an unconscious process whereby reality is distorted to reduce or prevent anxiety. The book opens with seventeen year old Conrad, son of upper middle-class Beth and Calvin Jarrett, home after eight months in a psychiatric hospital, there because he had attempted suicide by slashing his wrists. His mother is a meticulously orderly p
Psychology Theories Sigmund Freud is one of the most famous psychologists to ever hit the study of psychology. His name alone symbolizes the importance of his theories, and the name that comes to most people's heads when saying the word psychology is Sigmund Freud. Freud was a psychodynamic psychologist and came from the conservative point of view which states that man is bad and society is good, which I do not agree with 100% because not all man's actions are necessarily bad and with bad intent
Psychology In Sports The mind-body connection is a very powerful one. For everything you think in your mind, your body has a reaction, regardless of whether it is real or imagined. For example, have you ever had a bad dream? Usually, you will wake up and your heart is racing, you are sweating and very agitated, even though all you were doing was sleeping. But, in your mind there was something bad going on and your body was reacting to it. Here’s another example: if you are home alone and you h
PSYCH THEORIES On Narcissism: Psychological Theories and Therapeutic Interventions in the Narcissistic Disorders Introduction Understanding the Narcissistic Phenomenon The so called ‘narcissistic personality disorder’ is a complex and often misunderstood disorder. The cardinal feature of the narcissistic personality is the grandiose sense of self importance, but paradoxically underneath this grandiosity the narcissist suffers from a chronically fragile low self esteem. The grandiosity of the
Road Rage It seems like you can't drive more than two miles today ithout encountering road rage. Some say that road rage is a national epidemic more dangerous than drunk driving. Others find it to be a perpetual but insignificant problem. Needless to say, almost everyone agrees that road rage is an actual attitude that can be observed on most American roadways. But what is road rage? Is it some kind of medical condition? A certain habit or behavior? Or maybe it's an actual traffic accident? Road
Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud When I was 10th grade in Korea, I took a psychology lecture for the first time in the academy. That time, I was come into some psychologists and lots of theories about psychology. At the beginning, it was very strange and difficult to learn. But as time passed by, I had more interests about the psychology especially Sigmund Freud, who was a very intelligent psychoanalyst. Sigmund Freud has many theories on how people develop. His most influential theory to the develop
Signs of Stress Forty-three percent of all adults suffer adverse health effects from stress; 75 to 90 percent of all physician office visits are for stress-related ailments and complaints; stress is linked to the six leading causes of death--heart disease, cancer, lung ailments, accidents, cirrhosis of the liver, and suicide. (Miller, 1993, p.12) Stress plays havoc with our health, our productivity, our pocketbooks, and our lives, but it is necessary, even desirable. (Oxford, 1998, p.29) In rese
Subliminal Messaging subliminal messaging Subliminal Messages in Advertising: The Case For and Against Lisa Caswell Syracuse University Running Head: Subliminal Messages Subliminal messaging and subliminal perception are controversial topics in the field of psychology. Many studies have been conducted to determine if subliminal messaging does in fact work. Many people think that subliminal messages in the field of advertising are much more successful than subliminal messages for self-improvement
Subliminal Messages Subliminal Messages in Advertising: The Case For and Against Lisa Caswell Syracuse University Running Head: Subliminal Messages Subliminal messaging and subliminal perception are controversial topics in the field of psychology. Many studies have been conducted to determine if subliminal messaging does in fact work. Many people think that subliminal messages in the field of advertising are much more successful than subliminal messages for self-improvement, such as tapes sold t