Poe S Stories

The Different Conceptions of the Veil in The Souls of Black Folk
The Different Conceptions of the Veil in The Souls of Black Folk
The Different Conceptions of the Veil in The Souls of Black Folk For now we see through a glass, darkly -Isiah 25:7 W.E.B. Du Bois's Souls of Black Folk, a collection of autobiographical and historical essays contains many themes. There is the theme of souls and their attainment of consciousness, the theme of double consciousness and the duality and bifurcation of black life and culture; but one of the most striking themes is that of the veil. The veil provides a link between the 14 seeming
Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe Many authors have made great contributions to the world of literature. Mark Twain introduced Americans to life on the Mississippi. Thomas Hardy wrote on his pessimistic views of the Victorian Age. Another author that influenced literature is Edgar Allan Poe. Poe is known as the father of the American short story and father of the detective story. To understand the literary contributions of Edgar Allan Poe, one must look at his early life, his literary life, and a summary of two
Edgar Allan Poe was a bizarre and often scary writer People throughout
Edgar Allan Poe was a bizarre and often scary writer People throughout
Edgar Allan Poe was a bizarre and often scary writer. People throughout history have often wondered why his writings were so fantastically different and unusual. They were not the result of a diseased mind, as some think. Rather they came from a tense and miserable life. Edgar Allan Poe was not a happy man. He was a victim of fate from the moment he was born to his death only forty years later. He died alone and unappreciated. It is quite obvious that his life affected his writings in a great w
Only in a time when the pressure of the world amounts to angst and the
Only in a time when the pressure of the world amounts to angst and the
Only in a time when the pressure of the world amounts to angst and the fight for freedom can a world advance in it's literary achievements. A writer, just like an artist, builds his creations from the mood and settings of the surrounding atmosphere. In the first half of the twentieth century, the atmosphere was filled with resources to stimulate literary creativity, such as the second World War and the Great Depression (Roache 102: 14). The social genre of the time gave way to the broad appeal
Edgar Allen Poes Symbolism of Death in The Fall of the House of Usher
Edgar Allen Poes Symbolism of Death in The Fall of the House of Usher
Edgar Allen Poe’s Symbolism of Death in The Fall of the House of Usher Death is defined as, The termination or extinction of something (American Heritage Dictionary). Edgar Allen Poe uses this description in The Fall of the House of Usher in different ways. Poe’s intention when writing The Fall of the House of Usher was not to present a moral, lesson, or truth to the reader; he was simply trying to bring forth a sense of terror to the reader. Poe’s mind works this way, and critics belie
The Fall of the House of Usher is definitely a piece written in Poes u
The Fall of the House of Usher is definitely a piece written in Poes u
The Fall of the House of Usher is definitely a piece written in Poe’s usual style; a dark foreboding tale of death and insanity filled with imagery, allusion, and hidden meaning. It uses secondary meanings and underlying themes to show his beliefs and theories without actually addressing them. It convinces us without letting us know we’re being convinced, and at the same time makes his complex thoughts relatively clear. On the literal level the story is about a man (the narrator) visiting his b
In The Martial Chronicals Ray Bradbury provides a glimpse into the fut
In The Martial Chronicals Ray Bradbury provides a glimpse into the fut
In The Martial Chronicals, Ray Bradbury provides a glimpse into the future that not only looks at people from a technological standpoint, but from a human one as well. His well crafted, almost poetic stories are science fiction in setting only. They put much more emphasis on the apathy and inhumanity of modern society, rather than the technology. (Bryfonski, 68) Ray Dougless Bradbury was born on August 22, 1920 to Leonard Spaulding and Ester Bradbury in Waukegan, Illinois. He began his writing
In Our Time: Review
In Our Time: Review
In Our Time: Review Half-way through reading Hemmingway's collection In Our Time I was interrupted by my roommate, George. He wanted to know how I liked the story. He seems to be very impressed that I'm reading Hemmingway. I explained to him that it was, in fact, not one story, but a collection of short stories. He asked if they had a common theme or not, and I found it difficult to answer. Yeas and no, I said. I then went on to explain that although one character, Nick, appeared occasionally
Alfred Hitchcock 50 Years of Movie Magic
Alfred Hitchcock 50 Years of Movie Magic
Alfred Hitchcock: 50 Years of Movie Magic Alfred Hitchcock is among the few directors to combine a strong reputation for high-art film-making with great audience popularity. Throughout his career he gave his audiences more pleasure than could be asked for. The consistency of quality plot-lines and technical ingenuity earned him the recognition of being one of the greatest filmmakers of all time. His films earned him the reputation of being the master of suspense, and after viewing two of his
The Autobiographical Elements in the Works of
The Autobiographical Elements in the Works of
The Autobiographical Elements in the Works of Edgar Allan Poe There is no exquisite beauty without some strangeness in the proportions (Biography on Poe 8). Edgar Alan Poe endured a very difficult life and this is evident in his literary style. He was once titled the master of the macabre. One of the aspects in his life with which he struggled was social isolation. He used this as a topic in a number of poems and short stories. Poe's life was also filled with periods of fear and irrationali
Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe Throughout literature, an author’s works almost always reflect their mood and character. Edgar Allan Poe was an American writer whose short stories and poems reflected his pessimistic moods. One of Poe’s poems, The Raven, is about a raven that flies into the home of a sad and lonely man. This poem best expresses Poe’s sense of despair and gloominess because the literary elements used in the poem are a constant reference to them. An example that portrays The Raven as a reflec
Edgar Allen Poe
Edgar Allen Poe
Edgar Allen Poe Edgar Allen Poe, the greatest American teller of mystery and suspense tales in the 19th century was a tormented artist. He struggled to become the accomplished author he is known as today. Poe is now acclaimed as one of America's greatest writers, but in his own unhappy lifetime, he struggled to make ends meet. When he was 17, Poe entered the University of Virginia. Allan, his step father, gave Poe only a small allowance, and the young man soon began owing money. He gambled and
A comparison of
A comparison of
A comparison of Alfred Hitchcock and Edgar Allan Poe Fear, terror and suspense are the most vivid emotions created by Poe’s stories and by Hitchcock’s films. Several themes are common to both: the madness that exists in the world, the paranoia caused by isolation which guides people’s actions, the conflict between appearance and reality along with the double aspect of the human nature, and the power of the dead over the living. Not only the themes are similar in both men’s work but also the det
This is no fantasy This is no fallacious delusion of a sick twisted
This is no fantasy This is no fallacious delusion of a sick twisted
This is no fantasy. This is no fallacious delusion of a sick, twisted mind. This is the honest-to-God truth. I love horror novels. Stephen King and Edgar Allen Poe are my idols. Perhaps having these two, demented madmen as my personal mentors sounds sick, but I tend to think as they do. Most of my writings are short stories of horror (usually about the length of Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart and The Masque of the Red Death). My friends often ask me four questions: Why do you not publish some o
America America God shed His grace on thee And crown thy good with bro
America America God shed His grace on thee And crown thy good with bro
America! America! God shed His grace on thee And crown thy good with brotherhood From sea to shining sea! -America the Beautiful, Katherine Lee Bates The growth of American Literature was further developed in the era of American Romanticism. In this period, stirrings of national consciousness appeared more and more strongly with the emergence of a truly American literature. During this time, as Americans began to understand the meaning of being American, they also began to grow culturally. Th
Poe As A Romantic
Poe As A Romantic
Poe As A Romantic A wise man once said Artists are never before their time, they are the time and it is just the others who are behind. This defines the career of Edgar Allan Poe, one the greatest and yet one of the least recognized authors in American History. Poe lived and wrote at the beginning of the 19th century. His writing style was innovative, different from the styles of other writer of that time. He dealt with topics that though often written about, had never been incorporated into
Ray Bradbury Literary Influences
Ray Bradbury Literary Influences
Ray Bradbury: Literary Influences Ray Bradbury: Literary Influences Ray Bradbury, one of the most revered science-fiction authors, has had many things occur in his life which directly influenced his style of writing. In addition to influencing his style, these events also affected the content and theme of his individual works. Putting all of this aside, however, if these specific events did not occur in Bradbury’s life, he would not have become a science-fiction writer. Throughout his childhood
The main quality of literature in our society is its ability to entert
The main quality of literature in our society is its ability to entert
The main quality of literature in our society is its ability to entertain the masses. Some authors use horror and mystery to keep their reader’s attention. Stephen King is the epitome of horror writers. In writing horror mystery novels, Stephen King utilizes small towns, a unique writing style, and people's inherent fears to scare the pants off his readers. Fear is the basis for nearly all horror fiction, especially in Stephen King's novels. Everybody goes to horror movies, reads horror novels
Casey OchsOchs1
Casey OchsOchs1
Casey Ochs Ochs1 Ms. Miller The Fall of the House of Usher The Fall of the House of Usher is acclaimed as one of Edgar Allan Poe's greatest works. Poe uses Symbolism and analogies in both characters and setting to tell this gothic tale of death and downfall. He often drew apoun memory for the setting of his stories. He combines atmosphere and analogy to form the setting which provokes to the reader a sense of insufferable gloom. Too much of the horror has been attributed to its setting. But the
The short story writer which I have chosen to research is Edgar Allen
The short story writer which I have chosen to research is Edgar Allen
The short story writer which I have chosen to research is Edgar Allen Poe. After reading one of his works in class, I realized that his mysterious style of writing greatly appealed to me. Although many critics have different views on Poe's writing style, I think that Harold Bloom summed it up best when he said, Poe has an uncanny talent for exposing our common nightmares and hysteria lurking beneath our carefully structured lives. ( 7) For me, this is done through his use of setting and narr
The Red Death Vs Aids
The Red Death Vs Aids
The Red Death Vs. Aids If I were to compare The Masque of the Red Death to a movie, I would compare it to the HBO special on aids, And The Band Played On. Both the story and the movie dealt with a disease which in their appropriate times were (and is ) considered to be an evil disease. During the eighteen-hundreds the red plague was a major concern to society. To many people of the time it was considered evil . In Edgar Allen Poe’s Masque of the Red Death Poe uses a representation of
Title The Witching Hour
Title The Witching Hour
Title: The Witching Hour Author: Anne Rice Copyright Date: 1990 Number of Page Read: 1043 Three main elements classify the genre: Gothic, Mystery, and Romance. I classify Gothic novels as stories pertaining to a dismal atmosphere, such as Edgar Allan Poe’s literature. . Lovers who unlock thirteen generation’s of Mayfair family secrets and incest; discovering that their intervention becomes a more complex-intertwining destiny. Our Antagonist Michael Curry, a 48-year old Irish man who had lost hi
Washington Irving was born on April 3 1783 in Tarrytown New York His f
Washington Irving was born on April 3 1783 in Tarrytown New York His f
Washington Irving was born on April 3, 1783 in Tarrytown, New York. His father was a merchant and owned an import business. Irving had literary influences early in his life. He was friends with Edgar Allen Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Charles Dickens. Washington Irving had no formal schooling. Instead, he taught himself by reading as many books as possible. Washington Irving had other interests than just writing. Irving was an inventor. He invented ice drinks and the dumb waiter. Irving was al
In his short story The Fall of the House of Usher Edgar Allen Poe pres
In his short story The Fall of the House of Usher Edgar Allen Poe pres
In his short story “The Fall of the House of Usher”, Edgar Allen Poe presents his reader with an intricately suspenseful plot filled with a foreboding sense of destruction. Poe uses several literary devices, among the most prevalent, however are his morbid imagery and eerie parallelism. Hidden in the malady of the main character are several different themes, which are all slightly connected yet inherently different. Poe begins the story by placing the narrator in front of the decrepit, decaying
For now we see through a glass darkly
For now we see through a glass darkly
For now we see through a glass, darkly -Isiah 25:7          W.E.B. Du Bois's Souls of Black Folk, a collection of autobiographical and historical essays contains many themes. There is the theme of souls and their attainment of consciousness, the theme of double consciousness and the duality and bifurcation of black life and culture; but one of the most striking themes is that of the veil. The veil provides a link between the 14 seemingly unconnected essays that make up The Souls of Black Fo
Born in Boston in 1809 Edgar Poe was destined to lead a rather somber
Born in Boston in 1809 Edgar Poe was destined to lead a rather somber
Born in Boston in 1809, Edgar Poe was destined to lead a rather somber and brief life, most of it a struggle against poverty. His mother died when Edgar was only two, his father already long disappeared. He was raised as a foster child in Virginia by Frances Allen and her husband John, a Richmond tobacco merchant. Poe later lived in Baltimore with his aunt, Maria Clemm and her daughter Virginia, whom he eventually married. The trio formed a household which moved to New York and then to Philadel
The Dark Genius of the Short Story
The Dark Genius of the Short Story
The Dark Genius of the Short Story Many authors have made great contributions to the world of literature. Mark Twain introduced Americans to life on the Mississippi. Jack London told of the courage of many on the Alaskan Frontier. Another author that made an influence on literature is Edgar Allan Poe. Poe is known as the father of the American short story. To understand the literary contributions of Edgar Allan Poe, one must look at his early life, his literary life, and a summary of two of his
Ray Douglas Bradbury was born in Waukegan Illinois on August
Ray Douglas Bradbury was born in Waukegan Illinois on August
Ray Douglas Bradbury was born in Waukegan, Illinois on August 22,1920. He was the third born son of Leonard Spauldling Bradbury and Esther Marie Moberg Bradbury. In the fall of 1926 the Bradbury family moved from their home in Waukegan to Tucson, Arizona. However, their stay there only lasted until May of 1927 when they moved back to their original habitation. Bradbury began writing his own literature on butcher paper when he was 11 years old. Ray and his family moved again moved to Tucson, Ari
Edgar Allan Poe A Man of Secrecy
Edgar Allan Poe A Man of Secrecy
Edgar Allan Poe: A Man of Secrecy Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, 1809 as Edgar Poe. He was the second son to Elizabeth Arnold Poe and David Poe. Both parents were actors, and shortly after Poe’s birth, his father deserted his family around 1810. Edgar became an orphan before the age of three years, when his mother died on December 8, 1811 in Richmond, Virginia at the age of twenty-four years. His father died at the age of twenty-seven years old. After his mother’s death, the childless c
The Cask of Amontillado
The Cask of Amontillado
The Cask of Amontillado Outline 5º C 12/09/04 Edgar Allen Poe (1809-1849) American poet, a master of the horror tale, credited with practically inventing the detective story. Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, 1809 in Boston, Massachusetts, to parents who were itinerant actors. His father David Poe Jr. died probably in 1810 and his mother Elizabeth Hopkins Poe in 1811. Edgar was taken into the home of a Richmond merchant John Allan and brought up partly in England (1815-20), where he attend
Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe o He had a troubled life, was 2 years old when mother/father died o Taken in by relative and step father wasn’t good to him o He came back to U.S and had a job as a critic o Went to army and went to University of Virginia o Expelled from both cause of smoking/drinking problems o Married at a young age to Virginia Clemm (his cousin) o She died at a young age o Poe never got over the feeling of sorrow o Wrote in a romantic manner, he put all his emotions in a pessimistic romanticis
Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens Poe Many authors have made great contributions to the world of literature. Mark Twain introduced Americans to life on the Mississippi. Thomas Hardy wrote on his pessimistic views of the Victorian Age. Another author that influenced literature is Edgar Allan Poe. Poe is known as the father of the American short story and father of the detective story. To understand the literary contributions of Edgar Allan Poe, one must look at his early life, his literary life, and a summary of t
The Tell Tale Heart
The Tell Tale Heart
The Tell Tale Heart Edgar Allan Poe, whose personal torment so powerfully informed his visionary prose and poetry, is a towering figure in the history of American literature. A Virginia gentleman and the son of itinerant actors, the heir to great fortune and a disinherited outcast, a university man who had failed to graduate, a soldier brought out of the army, a husband with an unapproachable child-bride, a brilliant editor and low salaried hack, a world renowned but impoverish author, a tempera
This essay is about how Poe uses the description of environments in hi
This essay is about how Poe uses the description of environments in hi
This essay is about how Poe uses the description of environments in his narratives. I shall explain this usage with close reference to several short stories by Poe. A full listing of the stories used appears in the List of Works Consulted at the end of this essay. It is important to note that in all of the stories, the narration is in the first-person. This has deep-reaching effects on how particular environments are described. This will also be commented upon. The first excerpt comes from a sto
The writer which I have chosen to research is Edgar Allen Poe After re
The writer which I have chosen to research is Edgar Allen Poe After re
The writer which I have chosen to research is Edgar Allen Poe. After reading one of his works, I realized that his mysterious style of writing greatly appealed to me. Although many critics have different views on Poe's writing style, Poe has an uncanny talent for exposing our common nightmares and hysteria lurking beneath our carefully structured lives. . (Bloom, 7) I hope to examine Edgar Allen Poes' use of setting and narration in his writing. In many of Poe's works, setting is used to pain
Two authors best who typify a Romantic style of writing are Edgar Alle
Two authors best who typify a Romantic style of writing are Edgar Alle
Two authors best who typify a Romantic style of writing are Edgar Allen Poe, and Nathaniel Hawthorne. Both authors identify their characters through the use of creative symbolism, colorful metaphors, and the use of the supernatural in their works. Like many authors of the seventeenth century Poe and Hawthorne stretched Realism beyond the edge of reality thereby developing a style of writing which today is commonly refer to as Romanticism. The use of the short story format in both The Black Cat
Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston grew up in Richmond Virginia and in
Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston grew up in Richmond Virginia and in
Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston, grew up in Richmond, Virginia, and in his many restless moves, lived in half a dozen Eastern cities. His true home was always in the misty mid region of Weir of his own fertile and troubled imagination. His father was David Poe, a Baltimore actor. His actress mother, Elizabeth, born of English parents, had come to the United States as a child. The two were not notably talented; they played minor roles in rather third-rate theatrical companies. Between them
What is the total effect of a story The total effect of a story is the
What is the total effect of a story The total effect of a story is the
What is the total effect of a story? The total effect of a story is the specific response an author expects to get from his/her readers. In The Tell-Tale Heart, by Edgar Allen Poe, is complete and total horror. The setting, plot, character and even point of view contribute to this total effect of horror. The setting contributes to this total effect in several different ways. All of the shudders in the house were closed, so no one could see anything from the outside in or the inside out. This
Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe By David Herberg Per. 1 Edgar Allan Poe was an American writer, critic, and poet. He was perhaps best known for his mastery of writing the short-story. Poe was also especially famous for his mysterious and horrifying tales. Though Poe has often been criticized for his careless ways of living, his works have been popular and writers still express their goods words of him. After being born in Boston, Massachusetts and orphaned at an early age, Poe was brought up and raised by a ma
Edgar Allan Poe at the University of Virginia
Edgar Allan Poe at the University of Virginia
Edgar Allan Poe at the University of Virginia Born in Boston on January, 19, 1809, Edgar Allan Poe moved to Richmond just three years later with his mother and infant sister. His mother, a talented actress, succumbed to pneumonia soon after their arrival, leaving her children all alone in a strange city. John Allan, a prominent Virginia merchant, agreed, under pressure from his wife, to care for Poe and to pay for his education. While still a young teenager, Poe received special tutoring to gai
Contrast of The Cask of Amontillado and Porphyrias Lover with Emphasis
Contrast of The Cask of Amontillado and Porphyrias Lover with Emphasis
“Contrast of ‘The Cask of Amontillado’ and ‘Porphyria’s Lover’ with Emphasis on Deranged Characters” One topic that has often intrigued writers is the insane mind. Most find it a challenge to try to correctly portray the thoughts and actions of a mad person. Two works with very accurate and vivid descriptions of such people are Wallace Stevens’ “Porphyria’s Lover” and Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Cask of Amontillado.” In both of these works, the insane person kills another person. However, the works
WORLD HISTORY Change Gathers Steam 1800-40
WORLD HISTORY Change Gathers Steam 1800-40
WORLD HISTORY: Change Gathers Steam: 1800-40 French ideals and empire spread. Inspired by the ideals of the French Revolution, and supported by the expanding French armies, new republican regimes arose near France: the Batavian Republic in the Netherlands (1795-1806), the Helvetic Republic in Switzerland (1798-1803), the Cisalpine Republic in N Italy (1797-1805), the Ligurian Republic in Genoa (1797-1805), and the Parthenopean Republic in S Italy (1799). A Roman Republic existed briefly in 1798
Symbols in Poes Writing
Symbols in Poes Writing
Symbols in Poe’s Writing Richard Garcia Mr. Swift American Studies June 3, 1998 Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston on January 19, 1809. He was born to a southern family that were in a Traveling company of actors. His father David poe was from a Baltimore family. He was an actor by profession and a Heavy drinker. Soon after Edgar Allan Poe was born, David left his family. Poe’s mother, Elizabeth Arnold Poe, was a widow at the age of eighteen. Two years after Edgar’s birth Elizabeth died of tuberc
Edgar Allen Poe 1809-1849
Edgar Allen Poe 1809-1849
Edgar Allen Poe (1809-1849) EARLY AMERIACN AUTHORS Edgar Allen Poe was born in Boston, Massachusetts, in Jan 19, 1809. His parents died before he was 3 years old and he was adopted into the home of John Allan who was a merchant in Richmond, Va.During his uneventful childhood he studied for 5 yearsin England. In1826 he enrolled in the University of Virginia but only stayed for a year. Poe was a good student but he made large gambling debts he refused to pay. He did not come back to the university
Doubles Don't We All Have Them In A Way
Doubles Don't We All Have Them In A Way
Doubles, Don't We All Have Them, In A Way? English 11 The Tell-Tale Heart, by Edgar Allen Poe, is one of his most famous stories. This story is told from the point of view of the narrator who also happens to be the main character. The story is a personal struggle between the narrator's thought and his actions. The question that the reader ponders until about two-thirds into the story is whether or not the narrator will physically control his hatred of the old man. The reader then bluntly learn
EDGAR ALLEN POE
EDGAR ALLEN POE
EDGAR ALLEN POE Milner Ayala 11B DEC. 27, 1998 Edgar Allen Poe is one of the most famous American writers, he is also known as a poet and a critic but he is most known as the master of the short story form. This essay will is about Edgar Allen poe’s life and it describes what a tough life he had for example his mother died when he was a kid his father was a drunk and after his mother died he and his brother and sister were orphaned his so called father didn’t really consider him much of a son he
Grendel and Frankenstein
Grendel and Frankenstein
Grendel and Frankenstein GRENDEL & FRANKENSTEIN AN ANALYSIS OF THE TWO “MONSTERS” AND THEIR SUPERIORITY TO MANKIND In the desert I saw a creature, naked, bestial, Who, squatting upon the ground, Held his heart in his hands, And ate of it. I said, “Is it good friend?” “It is bitter-bitter,” he answered; “But I like it Because it is bitter And because it is my heart.” • Stephen Crane This reflects how both Grendel and Frankenstein must have felt during their lonely lives. “Seeking friends, the fie
Edgar Allen Poe
Edgar Allen Poe
Edgar Allen Poe A psycho, a grotesque writer who has a problem, or just a very creative person. People get these vibes because death and dead wives are recurring themes in Edgar Allan Poe’s short stories: “The Pit in the Pendulum”, “The Oval Portrait”, and “The Tell Tale Heart”. For example in the “Pit In The Pendulum” the appearance of death was very strong. It started out with a history of death in Nick’s family, as he saw his father brutally murder is mom and uncle for having an affair. It th
Gothic Elements in Edgar Allen Poe's Writing
Gothic Elements in Edgar Allen Poe's Writing
Gothic Elements in Edgar Allen Poe's Writing Edgar Allan Poe was perhaps one of the most widely read and influential writers in America’s narrative history. He was born in Boston in 1809 to a family of traveling actors. His name at birth was simply Edgar Poe, but after the early death of both of his parents, he was taken in by the Allans. Thus he obtained the adopted name of Allan which he used as a middle name. “From June 1815 until July 1820 Edgar was in England with the Allans, and from Febru
Edgar Allen Poe
Edgar Allen Poe
Edgar Allen Poe Rhonn James Edgar Allen Poe who was best known for his poems and short fiction, deserves more credit than any other writer for his transformation of the short story from anecdote to art (1996 Groiler Multimedia). He virtually created the detective story and perfected the psychological thriller. Edgar also produced some of the most influential literary criticism of his time - with important theoretical statements on poetry and the short story, that has had a world wide influence o