Physiology

Title of Paper 2nd Class Citizens in Greek Society
Title of Paper 2nd Class Citizens in Greek Society
Title of Paper : 2nd Class Citizens in Greek Society Grade Received on Report : 94 Throughout human history the roles of women and men have been defined in part by physiology and in part by the attitudes conveyed by those who hold power and influence. In ancient history, societies were centered around women and the worshipping of goddesses. These roles changed quickly as hunting and warfare became increasingly more important and women's less powerful physique placed them in a weaker position. J
HISTORY OF BASKETBALL
HISTORY OF BASKETBALL
HISTORY OF BASKETBALL Dr. James Naismith is known world-wide as the inventor of Basketball. He was born in 1861 in Ramsay township, near Almonte, Ontario, Canada. The concept of basketball was born from his school days in the area where he played a simple child's game called duck-on-a-rock outside of his schoolhouse. The game had a purpose to knock a duck off the top of a large rock by throwing another rock at it. Naismith then went on to attend McGill University in Montreal, Quebec,Canada. A
Animal Experimentation
Animal Experimentation
Animal Experimentation Introduction Animal experimentation has been a part of biomedical and behavioral research for several millennia; experiments with animals were conducted in Greece over 2,000 years ago. Many advances in medicine and in the understanding of how organisms function have been the direct result of animal experimentation. Concern over the welfare of laboratory animals is also not new, as reflected in the activities of various animal welfare and antivivisectionist groups dating ba
Vivisection
Vivisection
Vivisection Many people today, including scientists and doctors, are questioning the suffering and killing of animals for the sake of human beings. Is it morally correct to dissect a frog or a worm for the purpose of educating a high school student? On the other hand, must We study life to protect life (1:131) The issue of killing animals for the use of biomedical research, education, and cosmetics can be referred as vivisection. Twenty-five to thirty-five million animals are spared in the U
Title of Paper Theory of Evolution
Title of Paper Theory of Evolution
Title of Paper : Theory of Evolution Grade Received on Report : 87 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION ............................................... 2 DARWINIAN THEORY OF EVOLUTION .............................. 4 THE THEORY OF BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION: CONTRIBUTING ELEMENTS ....................... 7 WALLACE'S CONTRIBUTIONS ................................... 13 HARDY-WEINBERG PRINCIPLE .................................. 15 COMPARISON: LAMARCK vs. DARWIN ........................... 16 DARWIN'S IN
Ethology
Ethology
Ethology The biological study of animal behavior is called Ethology. All behavior is a reaction to a stimulus. John B. Watson influenced animal behavior in the twentieth century. He published a book in 1924 called Behaviorism. Jakob von Uexkull and O. Heinroth started a school that taught about animal behavior. There are two categories of animal behavior: genetically determined or environmentally determined. Animal behavior is the different ways that animals do different things, such as hun
Alfred Binet
Alfred Binet
Alfred Binet The following essay offers both a short biography of Psychologist Alfred Binet and a present day practical application using the theory from which Binet developed his Intelligence test. Alfred Binet, born in Nice, France, on the eleventh of July, whose mother was an artist and whose father was a physician, became one of the most prominent psychologists in French history. Having received his formal education in both Nice and later, in Paris, at the renowned Lycee Louis -le-Grand, Bi
Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm Sweden on October 21 1833Encarta Hi
Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm Sweden on October 21 1833Encarta Hi
Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm, Sweden on October 21, 1833.(Encarta) His father Immanuel Nobel was an engineer and inventor who built bridges and buildings in Stockholm. In connection with his construction work Immanuel Nobel also experimented with different techniques of blasting rock. Alfred's mother, Andrietta Ahlsell came from a wealthy family. Due to misfortunes in the construction work caused by the loss of some barges of building material, Immanuel Nobel was forced into bankruptcy th
Rene Descartes
Rene Descartes
Rene Descartes Rene Descartes was born March 31, 1596 in La Haye, Touraine. Descartes was the son of a minor nobleman and belonged to a family that had produced a number of learned men. At the age of eight, he was enrolled in the Jesuit school of La Fleche in Anjou, where he remained for eight years. Besides the usual classical studies, he received instruction in math and in Scholastic philosophy. Roman Catholicism exerted a strong influence on Descartes throughout his life. Upon graduation fro
DINOSAURS
DINOSAURS
DINOSAURS Dinosaur is the name of large extinct reptiles of the Mesozoic Era, during which they were the dominant land animals on Earth. The term was proposed as a formal zoologic name in 1842 by the British anatomist Sir Richard Owen, in reference to large fossil bones unearthed in southern England. The various kinds of dinosaurs are classified in two formal categories, the orders Saurischia and Ornithischia, within the subclass Archosauria. The first recorded dinosaur remains found consisted
Known as the father of psychology Freud developed many of the first
Known as the father of psychology Freud developed many of the first
Known as the father of psychology, Freud developed many of the first theories of modern physiology. His ideas and concepts will continue to be studied through the years. He put forth many new concepts about sexuality, consciousness, unconsciousness and instincts. He spent his whole life devoted to discovering the secrets of the human nature. Personally I think this guy was weird. Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856 in Freiburg. The town of Freiburg later became Pribor and was eventually abs
Ptolemy
Ptolemy
Ptolemy Introduction In ancient times there were many great ideas which began to shape the way man perceived his environment. However, there were few minds who were able to put all of these ideas together. One of these minds belonged to Claudius Ptolemy, or just Ptolemy as he is commonly referred to. We know almost nothing of the chronology of Ptolemy's life, and we don't even know his birth or death dates. We do know, though, about his ideas in several fields, which include geography, astronom
THE EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE ON HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Changes in altitude have a
THE EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE ON HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Changes in altitude have a
THE EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE ON HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Changes in altitude have a profound effect on the human body. The body attempts to maintain a state of homeostasis or balance to ensure the optimal operating environment for its complex chemical systems. Any change from this homeostasis is a change away from the optimal operating environment. The body attempts to correct this imbalance. One such imbalance is the effect of increasing altitude on the body's ability to provide adequate oxygen to be utiliz
Bipolar Disorder Psyc 103 Fall 95 The phenomenon of bipolar affective
Bipolar Disorder Psyc 103 Fall 95 The phenomenon of bipolar affective
Bipolar Disorder Psyc 103 Fall 95 The phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century. History has shown that this affliction can appear in almost anyone. Even the great painter Vincent Van Gogh is believed to have had bipolar disorder. It is clear that in our society many people live with bipolar disorder; however, despite the abundance of people suffering from the it, we are still waiting for definite explanations for the causes and cure. The one fact of whic
Competitive Advantage in Tourism and Hospitality Organizations
Competitive Advantage in Tourism and Hospitality Organizations
Competitive Advantage in Tourism and Hospitality Organizations Introduction Hospitality and tourism are closely related fields. These fields have grown together and have assumed the form of well-established industries in many economies today. The magnitude of these industries have grown so much that they contribute a significant portion to the economic revenues of some counties such as the US, European countries like Switzerland, France, Belgium and Asian countries like Malaysia, Indonesia and M
ABBREVIATION IN ENGLISH
ABBREVIATION IN ENGLISH
ABBREVIATION IN ENGLISH An abbreviation is a shorter way to write a word or phrase. People use abbreviations for words that they write a lot. The English language often uses the apostrophe mark ' to show that a word is written in a shorter way, but some abbreviations do not use this mark. Some abbreviations use the period mark, especially the ones that come from the Latin language. Some examples of common English abbreviations are don't for do not , shouldn't for should not , etc. for et cetera
Congestive Heart Failure
Congestive Heart Failure
Congestive Heart Failure NS2: Aging 7 Long-term Care October 26, 2003 Congestive Heart Failure Congestive heart failure is a condition in which a weakened heart cannot pump enough blood to body organs resulting in the blood to backing up into body tissues. It is the most common cause of disability in the elderly. “More than 75 percent of patients with congestive heart failure are over the age of 65 years” (Porth, 2004, p. 337). The New York Heart Association classifies CHF into four categories.
Alfred Bernhard Nobel
Alfred Bernhard Nobel
Alfred Bernhard Nobel Alfred Bernhard Nobel was born on Oct. 21, 1833, in Stockholm, Sweden, and was the fourth son of Immanuel and Caroline Nobel. Immanuel was an inventor and engineer who had married Caroline Andrietta Ahlsell in 1827. The couple had eight children, of whom only Alfred and three brothers reached adulthood. Alfred was prone to illness as a child, but he enjoyed a close relationship with his mother and displayed a lively intellectual curiosity from an early age. He was intereste
Niels Henrik David Bohr
Niels Henrik David Bohr
Niels Henrik David Bohr Niels Bohr is a very distinguished Danish physicist, chemist, and micro- biologist. Known for the Bohr model of the atom and his work on the Manhattan Project, Bohr worked with many renowned scientists throughout the world and even received the Nobel Peace Prize for Physics. Childhood/Family Life Niels Henrik David Bohr was born October 7, 1885, to Christian Bohr, a Physiology professor at Copenhagen University; and Ellen Adler, who came from a reputed family in the educa
Models of Psychology
Models of Psychology
Models of Psychology Biological – views human behavior in biological concepts (inheritance, genes, stress, hormones) Psychodynamic (Freud) – behavior is brought about by unconscious inner forces – uncontrollable Cognitive – how people understand and think about external world (Structuralism Functionalism) mental activities Behaviors – Observable behavior should be the focus. (J.B. Watson) Humanistic – Free will, facilitate human beings Psychology-Scientific study of human behavior and mental pro
Beyond Freedom and Dignity
Beyond Freedom and Dignity
Beyond Freedom and Dignity Beyond Freedom and Dignity. B.F. Skinner. New York: Hackett Publishing Company, 1971. 215. This book discusses B.F. Skinner’s beliefs and plans to change people in society through the use of operant conditioning. B.F. Skinner is the man widely known for the psychology of behavior, or Behaviorism. Skinner feels that if people continue to head down the path they are going, that they will be heading for total disaster. He feels that people have a great problem of looking
Gender Differences
Gender Differences
Gender Differences Essay #2 Are gender differences biological or society influenced? This is one of the biggest questions that has baffled scientists since the begging of modern science. Is femininity and masculinity an innate trait, or are they shaped by society? We know the gender roles that are expected in Western society, but do other cultures expect the same? To make it possibel to discuss what differences betweent the sexes are based on physiology and what differences rest on cultural idea
Introduction to Islam
Introduction to Islam
Introduction to Islam Allah (God) Islam is the complete submission and obedience to Allah (God). The name Allah (God) in Islam never refers to Muhammad (pbuh), as many Christians may think; Allah is the personal name of God. What do Muslims believe about Allah? 1. He is the one God, Who has no partner. 2. Nothing is like Him. He is the Creator, not created, nor a part of His creation. 3. He is All-Powerful, absolutely Just. 4. There is no other entity in the entire universe worthy of worship bes
ISLAM
ISLAM
ISLAM 570--Birth of Muhammad into Quraysh, the ruling tribe of Mecca. Islamic tradition relates miraculous signs foretelling Muhammad's future greatness. Orphaned and raised by an uncle Abu Talib to be a trader. 595-Muhammad marries Khadijah a rich widow several years his senior. Earns reputation of Al-Amin --the faithful, for his virtue and wisdom. 610- The Night of Power (believed to be the 26th of Ramadan)--First revelation while meditating in a cave on Mt. Hira outside Mecca. Voices and visi
Investigating the Properties of the Enzyme Catalase
Investigating the Properties of the Enzyme Catalase
Investigating the Properties of the Enzyme Catalase Introduction The discovery of enzymes occurred accidentally in the late nineteenth century. The German chemist Eduard Buchnar had been attempting to harvest fluid derived from yeast extracts, to his exasperation the fluid extracts taken kept decaying. With the knowledge sugar acts as a preservative of fruit, Buchnar introduced sugar to his liquid extracts in the hope the sugar would preserve the yeast extracts. To his astonishment the yeast flu
In Vitro Fertilization
In Vitro Fertilization
In Vitro Fertilization IVF, also called In Vitro Fertilization is a new way of fertilizing eggs. There are specialists in this area and they specialize in reproductive physiology perform IVF in animals and humans. Those people help us get IVF, which works in several steps: 1. Retrieve the eggs and sperm from the bodies of the male (father) and the female (mother) 2. The eggs and sperm are placed together in a laboratory dish to facilitate fertilization 3. Fertilized eggs allow to develop in vitr
Physiological Adaptations of the Plesiosaur for Holding its Breath
Physiological Adaptations of the Plesiosaur for Holding its Breath
Physiological Adaptations of the Plesiosaur for ‘Holding its Breath’ One hundred and fifty million years ago, large aquatic species of reptile such as the Plesiosaur dominated the ocean, and were pre-eminent predators of the sea. The branch of now extinct Plesiosaurs, or ‘near lizards’, evolved into variant closely related species specialised to take different niches in the food chain. Such species of Plesiosaur include the phenotypically similar Plesiosauroid and Pliosauroid. The physiological
Tumours
Tumours
Tumours A tumour is a mass of new tissue growth that does not react to normal controls or the organizing influence of other tissues, and it has no useful function in the body. This applies to both types of tumours, malignant and benign. Malignant, also known as, cancerous tumours, are additionally defined by their invasion of local tissue and their ability to spread to other parts of the body. Benign Tumours A benign tumour which is not cancerous, is less serious than malignant tumours because t
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an important element of the Women�s Rights Movement, but not many people know of her significance or contributions because she has been overshadowed by her long time associate and friend, Susan B. Anthony. However, I feel that she was a woman of great importance who was the driving force behind the 1848 Convention, played a leadership role in the women�s rights movement for the next fifty years, and in the words of Henry Thomas, �She was th
Theory Of Evolution By Natural And Sexual Selection
Theory Of Evolution By Natural And Sexual Selection
Theory Of Evolution By Natural And Sexual Selection Introduction It is commonly thought today that the theory of evolution originated from Darwin in the nineteenth century. However, the idea that species mutate over time has been around for a long time in one form or another. Therefore, by Darwin�s time the idea that species change from one type into another was by no means new, but was rejected by most because the proponents of evolution could not come up with a satisfactory mechanism that wo
Russia and China Essay
Russia and China Essay
Russia and China Essay Gradualism is naturally the most feasible approach to any situation. Since the fall of the iron curtain, these two Communist power houses have chose to move towards democracy. China has chosen to take the natural, more gradual approach to democracy where as Russia has chosen the fast-paced, more dangerous approach. These two nations have chosen to change their economies from a collectivized command one to a market oriented one in order to increase the standard of living in
Sir Christopher Wren was born on Oct 20 1632 in East Knoyle Wiltshire
Sir Christopher Wren was born on Oct 20 1632 in East Knoyle Wiltshire
Sir Christopher Wren was born on Oct. 20, 1632, in East Knoyle, Wiltshire, England. Wren, the son of a rector, was the youngest child, the only boy, and delicate in health. Before Christopher was three, his father was appointed dean of Windsor, and the Wren family moved into the court. It was among the intellectuals around Charles I that the boy first developed his mathematical interests. His life at Windsor was disrupted by the outbreak of civil war in 1642. The deanery was captured and the Dea
Breakthroughs in Astronomy and Medicine in the 16th and 17th Centuries
Breakthroughs in Astronomy and Medicine in the 16th and 17th Centuries
Breakthroughs in Astronomy and Medicine in the 16th and 17th Centuries It was during the 16th and 17th centuries when man's view of the unvierse and himself changed drastically. This came after a millenium of repetition and stagnation in the development of science. People finally began questioning what they were told, and they went out to find proof rather than assuming on the basis of authority and common sense. These advances in astronomy and medicine came about in the same era, and were not u
I chose to experiment with the effects of salinity changes on the poly
I chose to experiment with the effects of salinity changes on the poly
I chose to experiment with the effects of salinity changes on the polychaete, Nereis succinea. Along with the other members of the group, Patty and Jeremy, I was curious to see whether the worms would engage in adaptive behavior when placed in a tank of water of foreign salinity, or whether they would simply continue changing osmotically until they reached equilibrium with the environment. The first step in our experiment was to simply observe the worms and get a “feel” for the ways in which th
The phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since
The phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since
The phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century. History has shown that this affliction can appear in almost anyone. Even the great painter Vincent Van Gogh is believed to have had bipolar disorder. It is clear that in our society many people live with bipolar disorder; however, despite the abundance of people suffering from the it, we are still waiting for definite explanations for the causes and cure. The one fact of which we are painfully aware is that b
EVOLUTION
EVOLUTION
EVOLUTION TABLE OF CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION ............................................... 2 DARWINIAN THEORY OF EVOLUTION .............................. 4 THE THEORY OF BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION: CONTRIBUTING ELEMENTS ....................... 7 WALLACE'S CONTRIBUTIONS ................................... 13 HARDY-WEINBERG PRINCIPLE .................................. 15 COMPARISON: LAMARCK vs. DARWIN ........................... 16 DARWIN'S INFLUENCES ....................................... 20 METHOD
Sigmund Freud's views continue to influence the contemporary practices
Sigmund Freud's views continue to influence the contemporary practices
Sigmund Freud's views continue to influence the contemporary practices of many psychologists today. Many theories of psychology have been influenced by Freud's psychoanalytic method. Many of his basic concepts are still used by many theorists. Known as the father of psychology, Freud's ideas toward the science will be remembered, studied and utilized by many psychologists for years to come. In this paper I am going to discuss the life of Freud, his ideas toward the science, and his book, A Ge
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION This paper deals with the importance, use by humans and culture of honey bees. Honey Bees are the highest form of insect life(1) and live in a well organized colony that does not need to hibernate(8). They produce honey and store it in wax comb and use the same hive from one year to the next. One hive contains 35,000 to 50,000 bees. TAXONOMY Honey bees belong to class Insectae, order Hymenoptera , family Apidae, genus Apis, species Apis mellifera (honey carrying bee)(8). STRUCTURE A
The Dodo Bird
The Dodo Bird
The Dodo Bird Scientific and Common Name: When Portuguese sailors first arrived on an uninhabited island a bird greeted them without fear. Since the bird had never seen a human before, it had no reason to be afraid. The sailors thought that the bird was stupid so they named it dodo, Portuguese for fool. The scientific name is Raphus cucullatus; the dodo was also referred to as a dronte. Another theory of how the dodo got it's name is that the Portuguese tried to imitate the doo like noise the
The Old Kingdom which was
The Old Kingdom which was
The Old Kingdom which was from about 2755-2255 BC, spanned five centuries of rule by the 3rd through the 6th dynasties. The capital was in the north, at Memphis, and the ruling monarchs held absolute power over a strongly unified government. Religion played an important role, as recorded in Egyptian mythology. In fact, the government had evolved into a theocracy, wherein the pharaohs, as the rulers were called, were both absolute monarchs and, possibly, gods on earth. A Golden Age The 3rd Dynast
History and Philosophy of Medicine Bodies in History
History and Philosophy of Medicine Bodies in History
History and Philosophy of Medicine : Bodies in History Examine the ways in which psycho-social and sexual problems became medicalised in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Were men and women affected differently by this process? A typical approach to the examination of the history of medicine involves constructing a time line upon which are placed a series of ‘breakthroughs’ which are judged for their contribution to current knowledge. This purely technical rationale does not provide
In the world we live in there are many diseases which are so deadly to
In the world we live in there are many diseases which are so deadly to
In the world we live in, there are many diseases which are so deadly to the point where there is no cure for the disease. At one's first thought, most would think of AIDS, herpes, or maybe alshimers. However one might not consider Hepatitis, because a vaccine has been developed for types of the disease. Hepatitis can be caught and can also be hereditary. It is a disease to which there is no cure for but can be contained. A person may have hepatitis for many years and still not be aware that the
ALFRED NOBEL'S WILL
ALFRED NOBEL'S WILL
ALFRED NOBEL'S WILL I, the undersigned, Alfred Bernhard Nobel, do hereby, after mature deliberation, declare the following to be my last Will and Testament with respect to such property as may be left by me at the time of my death: To my nephews, Hjalmar and Ludvig Nobel, the sons of my brother Robert Nobel, I bequeath the sum of Two Hundred Thousand Crowns each; To my nephew Emanuel Nobel, the sum of Three Hundred Thousand, and to my niece Mina Nobel, One Hundred Thousand Crowns; To my brother
ZOOLOGIST
ZOOLOGIST
ZOOLOGIST Job Description: Zoologists study animal life. They study the development, origin, structure, heredity, classification, population, physiology, ecology, disease, and behavior of animals. Most of the time, they study the functiom, process, and structure of a particular animal. The duties of zoologists vary widely. It can vary from assisting in field studies to computer programming to DNA and RNA studies and genetic manipulations to biochemical analysis as well as collection and identif
The history of medicine is like a huge puzzle and it has taken many to
The history of medicine is like a huge puzzle and it has taken many to
The history of medicine is like a huge puzzle, and it has taken many tortuous and gruesome routes to try to fit the pieces together. It has gone from ancient myths that attempted to explain disease to the great capabilities of today's medicine. The first crude forms of medicine go back to prehistoric man. Even before man appeared on earth, disease existed in the animals that roamed here. Fossils, bones, and teeth can be used to see how prehistoric man fell to disease. Imagine a sickly man, his
Upholders and health educators for patients families and communities I
Upholders and health educators for patients families and communities I
Upholders and health educators for patients, families, and communities, I did my report on Registered Nurses. There are all sorts of fields one could go into. For example, you have hospital, office, home health, nursing home, public health, occupational health nurses, supervisors, nurse practitioners and other advanced practice nurses such as clinical nurse specialists, certified nurse anesthetists, and certified nurse midwives. Among the list of things to go through to be a nurse, a nurse shou
SENILITY
SENILITY
SENILITY Senility is a disease commonly referred to as dementia. It affects 4 million Americans every year and is a major cause of disability in old age (Bunch, 1997, p. 106). Its prevalence increases with age (Bunch, 1997, p. 106). Dementia is characterized by a permanent memory deficit affecting recent memory in particular and of sufficient severity to interfere with the patient's ability to take part in professional and social activities (Bunch, 1997, p. 106). Although the aging process is a
Creatine in Professional Sports
Creatine in Professional Sports
Creatine in Professional Sports 11-30-98 Scott Vocoun Heath & Hygiene 35 Creatine in Professional Sports Should a professional athletes be allowed to utilize creatine monohydrate to enhance the quality of their athletic ability? As of lately, this has been a very frequently asked question. The media was all over Mark McGuire about using andrestene after beginning supplemental intake with creatine. This media attention is what brought controversy to the name creatine. As a result of this controv
THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM DESCRIPTION The digestive system consists of an alimentary canal with accessory organs . The alimentary canal is made up of the oral cavity , pharynx , esophagus , stomach , and small intestine , which has three parts , the duodenum , jejunum , and the ileum ,the large intestine which consists of the cecum and the vermiform appendix , the ascending colon , transverse colon , the descending colon , the sigmoid colon , the rectum and anal canal .The accessory organs are the t
Cannabis
Cannabis
Cannabis Cannabis names any of a number of families of bushy cane plants (including cannabis sativa, cannabis indica, and cannabis ruderalis.) Different members of these families have adapted or been bred for various purposes. Despite the variety of uses these plants posess, policy has kept cultivation of any cannbis plant illegal in many countries around the globe. Hemp Cannabis bred for industrial use is often referred to as industrial hemp. Hemp appears to be a very promising natural resourc