Philosophy Page 9

Second Year Philosophy Essay: on Nietzsche the ‘Death of God’ There are various issues involved here. You need to recall that, for N, the term ‘God’ has extremely wide connotations: it stands for all metaphysics, Platonic Forms, ‘timeless truths’, essences, etc. N. is rejecting the very notion of anything ‘transcendent’ – whether this be theological or philosophical. There is nothing ‘beyond’. Instead of ‘Truth’, there is only my truth, my interpretation. (There’s a very obvious problem with th
Nietzsche vs Descartes Descartes explains the apparent distinction and significance of the human mind over the body in his Meditations on First Philosophy, claiming that the mind (the conscious) is the lone essential part of the human essence. Nietzsche expresses his beliefs that the body (the unconscious) is key to the human essence. One may find it difficult to decide between these two ideas, for both philosophers pose good arguments on the contradicting sides of this famous dilemma. However,
Plato's Theory of Political Philosophy; An Argument C. 428 B.C.E was the birth time of Plato into an Athenian aristocratic family (Dave Judy, 1998, 21). His father was Ariston who was believed to have connection to one of the early kings of Athens. His mother was Perictione, who related to 6th - century B.C reformer of the Athenian constitution, Solon. His father died when he was a child, and Plato eventually became Socrates' disciple. Plato's works consisted of a set of 41 so-called dialogues p
Plato Journal Entry #1 I know that, for the journal, we are supposed to write something about it everyday, but since the beginning of trying that out, I have found that I was just saying the same things in every paragraph and ending with the same questions and beginning with the same answers. So, I have decided to set up my journal in this format, as to show what I am trying to say in a refined technique. I will try and add my questions and answers at the end, and I hope, Dr. Coyle, that this is
Plato Philosophy 107M Final Draft Paper Thesis: In regards to human and non-human animal souls, Plato’s theory of forms is false. In Plato’s description of the Universal Forms, he claims that they are completely unique. In this paper, I will suggest an example of two Forms that possess identical sufficient conditions. In light of this presentation, I will show how Plato’s theory of forms is false regarding human and non-human souls. Plato’s Claim: If X is a Form, then X is unique. My Argument: I
Plato's Philosophy of Sex Plato was the first feminist. Only, he was concerned not with women's rights, as modern feminists are, but with their usefulness. Like a modern planner, he felt it was a waste of woman-power to seclude women in their homes, when they could be performing useful tasks in the factory or the office. Women should be used, just as men were, for the benefit of the community. There were no fundamental differences between the sexes which unfitted women from useful toil. Admitted
The Buddha's and Sankara's Life and Philosophy, Compare and Contrast Of all the supreme Eastern philosophers, The Buddha and Sankara have been among the most noteworthy ones. Born at completely different times, The Buddha and Sankara unveiled qualities of human salvation (Soteriology) and deeply affected Eastern philosophies. So The Buddha's and Sankara's lives and philosophies have both similarities and differences, which will be examined in this essay. The similarities in the lives of these tw
Seed To Shelf: On Aristotle’s Metaphysics Ancient Philosophy 1,564 Words Aristotle’s metaphysics were born of observations of nature, the work of other philosophers, and the teachings of his mentor Plato. Because none of these sources of knowledge agreed with each other Aristotle had to take the best and most logical from each and disregard the rest. Nature influences Aristotle the most; he may be considered the first biologist. Taking into consideration what has learned from all of these sourc
Should the fundamental question in epistemology be How can I know ? On the other hand, should it rather be What can I know ? INTRODUCTION: In this essay, I will look at both these questions as they both seem to play a major role in the study of knowledge. I will cover two of the main elements that correspond to these questions of attaining knowledge, Empiricism, and rationalism. In order to show examples of both these views; I will use the philosophical thinking of Rene Decartes, a rationalist w
Socrates Intro Philosophy Spring 2004 1 Socrates Socrates was born in 469 B.C. and died in 399 B.C. He was a Greek philosopher of Athens and is generally considered as one of the wisest people of all times. He was the son of Sophroniscus, a sculptor, and Phaenarete, a midwife. During the early part of his life, he seems to have followed in his father's footsteps, working as a sculptor. Socrates served in the military but never wanted any important position in the army. Most of the findings of h
The Influence of the Media News is essential to everyone. It is the media that connects us to the society. The philosophy that arises from this is that fact that we are all socially conditioned to be a certain way through the media. Through the news, we have a window to the world that allows us to see what is happening in other places aside from our own. One can know what happened around the world. Also, news is a convenient tool to our daily lives. If you want to know the weather, the accidents
The Virtuous Do Not Fear Death: Why Socrates Was Calm In the Face of Execution Ancient Philosophy 300 1,633 Words Socrates is the philosopher against whom all others are compared, he pioneered philosophical methods, such as elenchus, that are still used today, and his messages are still taught over 2,000 years later. Yet his fellow citizens of Athens felt that his actions were so radical that they threatened Athenian society. Socrates defended his life but in the end he accepted the ruling of th
“Tradition is a dead weight, stifling creativity” Essay Title: “Tradition is a dead weight, stifling creativity” Discuss this claim in the context of Confucianism and Taoism Tutor: Tutorial Group: F102 Tuesdays at 3pm Date of Submission: November 3rd Is tradition a dead weight, stifling creativity? Here in the realm of western thought, tradition is seen more as “a guide and not a jailor” [1], holding the hand of creativity on the path to creation. But in the eastern philosophies of Taoism and Co
Anti-Federalist PLS201 When the new federal Constitution was introduced in 1787, it met with much dissent. The Constitution was the groundwork for a new government, which would dissolve the existing confederation of states and replace it with a more powerful national government. Naturally, many people feared that this new government would be too powerful and rob the states and individuals of their sovereignty and rights. Those who wished to retain the Articles of Confederation as the framework f
Checks and Balances Principles of American Democracy 12/12/03 The ideals of Checks and Balances have existed through many different forms throughout the century. The definition of Checks and Balances seen by some individuals is said to be described in this way. The American Government is made up of three separate branches which are judicial, legislative, and executive. The Judicial is composed of the federal and Supreme Courts and they could try federal cases and interpret the laws of the nation
Politics The ideologies of politics or politics itself could be viewed either positively or negatively depends on which aspect of politics people look at. It is not an exaggeration to say that it is hard to define politics, for it covers such a comprehensive areas of our world. ‘Politics concerns the behaviour of groups and individuals in matters that are likely to affect the course of government.’ (Raphael, 1970: 27) When people look back at ancient times when people work during the day times a
What is the difference between `New’ liberalism and `Neo-‘liberalism, and which is the more defensible form of liberalism? Liberalism is an enormously influential western political theory that underpins modern democracy and more. It structures political systems, bureaucracies, notions of citizenship, and self, and is often (though not always) conjoint to capitalism. “Liberalism is usually called a protean political theory because its emphasis has changed over the centuries and in different place
Models of Psychology Biological – views human behavior in biological concepts (inheritance, genes, stress, hormones) Psychodynamic (Freud) – behavior is brought about by unconscious inner forces – uncontrollable Cognitive – how people understand and think about external world (Structuralism Functionalism) mental activities Behaviors – Observable behavior should be the focus. (J.B. Watson) Humanistic – Free will, facilitate human beings Psychology-Scientific study of human behavior and mental pro
International Relations The study of international relations has been a contested ground for many decades. A specific indication of this would be explaining or understanding the nature or knowledge of the world. Many theorists from different schools of thought since the 1930’s have debated the contributions made among themselves. The main terminology here initially is the epistemology or ontology of the research among international relations theorists, much confined within the boundaries of soci
Advantages and Disadvantages of Capitalism and Communism There are many advantages and disadvantages to a communist or capitalistic society. According to the American Heritage Dictionary, Capitalism is an economic system characterized by freedom of the market with increasing concentration of the private and corporate ownership of production and distribution means. Capitalism is an internally stable economic system, in that it is consistent with human behavior. People understand that there is no
THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE EDUCATION COSTA RICA 1. THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XXI CENTURY: AN OVERALL VISION. Today’s world, immersed in the globalization tendencies, requires the use of new technologies that implies to increase the complexity of activities. This creates a bigger quantity of employment positions that makes workers better training indispensable in order to carry out operations with sophisticated new technology. At the same time, that tends to diminish the non-qual
The Affect of Politics When living in the United States, almost everyone in some way is affected by politics. Whether it’s a parent paying taxes, to a teenager attending a public school. It almost seems unavoidable no matter what type of background one has. I’m sure there are some cases in which they are people are totally undetectable to the government such as illegal immigrants but other than that most of us have in some way come into contact with the government. Being a 21-year-old student at
Behavioural Psychology Behavioural psychology was an exceptionally popular movement during the 1950s. The ideas that inspired behaviourism were derived from the philosophy of John Locke and Jacques Loeb (Hayes, 1995). Behavioural psychology is essentially the study of not the mind, but the observable behaviour of the subject. The theory of behaviourism completely disregards the complexity of the unseen mind and instead focuses on the environmental factors that influence behaviour. Behaviourism h
Beyond Freedom and Dignity Beyond Freedom and Dignity. B.F. Skinner. New York: Hackett Publishing Company, 1971. 215. This book discusses B.F. Skinner’s beliefs and plans to change people in society through the use of operant conditioning. B.F. Skinner is the man widely known for the psychology of behavior, or Behaviorism. Skinner feels that if people continue to head down the path they are going, that they will be heading for total disaster. He feels that people have a great problem of looking
What are Psychopaths and How do they exist in a corporate world? The media may portray the psychopath as a crazed serial killer - the stuff of nightmares and horror films - but the reality is chillingly different. Not all psychopaths are violent criminals and fewer still have a desire to eat you for dinner. Many are highly successful businessmen and women, lawyers, academics, politicians, doctors and teachers. Psychopaths wear suits too... The Mental Health Act 1983 (HMSO 1983) described psychop
The Intelligence Quotient: The Contribution of Psychology to Standardized Social Darwinism “It is safe to predict that in the near future intelligence tests will bring tens of thousands of these high-grade defective under the surveillance and protection of society. This will ultimately result in curtailing the reproduction of feeble-mindedness and in the elimination of an enormous amount of crime, pauperism, and industrial inefficiency. It is hardly necessary to emphasize that the high-grade cas
Locke Rousseau by Rousseau's belief in freedom. Jean-Jacques Rousseau makes it explicitly clear in his writings, The Social Contract and Discourses that he believes strongly in personal freedom and autonomy. Rousseau believed that a truly free government is one where everyone votes, every citizen. Rousseau argues that by everyone surrendering his or her rights to the sovereign equally they maintain freedom. He believes man has the most freedom in the state of nature, but because man has the abil
African Religions in the Americas African Religions December 4, 2002 World History 2 Various factors contribute to religion practices and preferences. These factors can be demographic, economical, social or even lack thereof. It can be found that traditional West African religion has undergone much subtraction and addition in its making of a religion. It can also be found that it went through this process as it assembled in Latin and North America. Traditional West African religion was an essent
Jesus and Buddha Assignment week 10 Assignment 5-4 Portfolio Question Question # 1 The lives of Jesus and the Buddha are strikingly similar; each created a movement that bears the founder's name. A Vietnamese Zen Buddhist monk, Thich Nhat Hanh, sees Jesus and Buddha as brothers who taught that the highest form of human understanding is universal love. There is one great difference in the two religions however: a Christian never becomes Christ, while the aim of every serious Buddhist is to achiev
No Mind, No Self: The Buddhist Concept In [1]Eastern traditions the concept of no-mind (or no-self) means prior to thought, prior to desire, prior to any conceptualization, whatsoever. It is discovered by stripping away all sensation, desire, concepts, intellection, volition, and awareness of I. It partakes of the Oneness of all. Buddhism calls this mind the Buddha Nature, and much of Buddhist practice is aimed at its realization. They also call it no-mind because it is without any grasping at a
In the Name of Buddha It is fascinating how belief in something or other could be so powerful and yet deadly. Over the centuries people committed themselves to religion and different kinds of Gods. In some cases peace would rule the people in the name of God, yet people also killed in the name of God. The question I always asked myself was if there really was the right religion or God to believe in. In some cases people believed ways, people it is not an easy question to answer, yet somehow peop
Introduction to Islam Allah (God) Islam is the complete submission and obedience to Allah (God). The name Allah (God) in Islam never refers to Muhammad (pbuh), as many Christians may think; Allah is the personal name of God. What do Muslims believe about Allah? 1. He is the one God, Who has no partner. 2. Nothing is like Him. He is the Creator, not created, nor a part of His creation. 3. He is All-Powerful, absolutely Just. 4. There is no other entity in the entire universe worthy of worship bes
ISLAM 570--Birth of Muhammad into Quraysh, the ruling tribe of Mecca. Islamic tradition relates miraculous signs foretelling Muhammad's future greatness. Orphaned and raised by an uncle Abu Talib to be a trader. 595-Muhammad marries Khadijah a rich widow several years his senior. Earns reputation of Al-Amin --the faithful, for his virtue and wisdom. 610- The Night of Power (believed to be the 26th of Ramadan)--First revelation while meditating in a cave on Mt. Hira outside Mecca. Voices and visi
A Biography of Seyyed Hossein Nasr Professor Seyyed Hossein Nasr, one of the world's leading experts on Islamic science and spirituality, is University Professor of Islamic Studies at George Washington University. Professor Nasr is the authour of numerous books including Man and Nature: the Spiritual Crisis of Modern Man (Kazi Publications, 1998), Religion and the Order of Nature (Oxford, 1996) and Knowledge and the Sacred (SUNY, 1989). Introduction Seyyed Hossein Nasr, currently University Prof
What is the Meaning of Life? What is the meaning of life? This question has puzzled the human race for about as long as it has existed. This begs the question, if no-one has thought of an answer by now, no-one including geniuses such as Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein and Stephen Hawking, then why ask a fourteen year old boy? The answer to that is simple, I am a complete and utter genius, a “super genius” if you will. Of course this idea is quite laughable, and the real reason one might perhaps as
Teaching Background and Setting My teaching practice is being carried out in Blackrock College. This is a large, fee paying all boys secondary school with roughly 1000 pupils from second to sixth year, with first years attending the feeder school Willow Park. My assignment relates to my experiences with second year classes. There are eight streamed classes, roughly 24 pupils per class, ranging highest to lowest from 2.8 to 2.2. The junior syllabus has been divided up, with a different teacher re
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF ART This paper will show the relationship between the environment and fine arts. Both of these subjects are evaluated on a perceptual basis of what the observer sees and appreciates. As the basis for this report, it will be determined what is considered art and what comprises the environment. Defining what is art has been discussed at least since Plato wrote in The Republic about the place of the artist in society. The importance of art to mankind has peculiarly modern i
Exploring Telepresence Preface Telepresence is an emerging technology that may totally change our value towards time and space. It introduces an idea in designing computer user interface in a human natural way. The interface enables users to feel they are physically present in a distant site and to control remote objects to achieve user’s goals. Human is able to overcome distance, traveling time and adverse environment for completing remote tasks. Is this technology interesting? This article wil
The Pali Canon compared to the Agamas In addition to the Tripitaka of the Pali Canon from Sri Lanka, there are also numerous texts from other Theravada schools still in existence. A comparison with these texts sheds some light on how the canon emerged from the huge collection of teachings which were transmitted verbally. The Pali Canon is the best preserved by far but there are some advantages to the other Theravada scriptures. These other scriptures are generally called the ‘Agamas’, although p
The Problem Of Global Warming The Problem of Global Warming First discovered at the turn of the century by the Swedish scientist Arrhenius, global warming was initially thought to only cause increased greenhouse gases from coal combustion emissions. It wasn’t until fifty years later that the real causes and effects of global warming would be discovered. A British scientist by the name of Calendar correlated the 10% increase of atmospheric Carbon Dioxide between 1850 and 1940 with the observed wa
Impact on the Natural Environment Year 10 Geography Unit 3: TOURISM Lesson 2; Impact on the Natural Environment Below is a “model” which you can use to study various places. After you have read each case study, you should fill out the details in the appropriate part of the diagram. Your collection of diagrams will be your notes for this topic. nature of activity eg trail bike riding THE STUDY AREA eg bushland areas on the Peninsula control measures taken eg alternative places provided environmen
Abortion In Roe et al. v. Wade District Attorney of Dallas County (1973), one of the most controversial cases in recent history, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down all state laws that limit a woman's right to an abortion during the first three months of pregnancy. Justices Rehnquist and White dissented. Mr. Justice Blackmun delivered the opinion of the Court.... This Texas federal appeal and its Georgia companion, Doe v. Bolton, post, p. 179, present constitutional challenges to state criminal a
Max Weber’s View of Capitalism What role does the protestant work ethic play in Weber’s view of the origins of capitalism? Max Weber's theory of the part in which Protestantism, specifically Calvinism, played in the development of a spirit of capitalism in western Europe has had a profound effect on the thinking of sociologists and historians since its publication in 1904. Many historians value its application of social theory to historical events and praise it for its attempt to explain why cap
Deregulation The airline industry has been subject of intense price competition since it was deregulated, and the result has been a number of new carriers which specialize in regional service and no-frills operations. These carriers typically purchase older aircraft and often operate outside the industry-wide computerized reservations system. In exchange for these inconveniences, passengers receive low fares relative to the industry as a whole. This research examines two low fare air carriers, V
Ethics IssuesDepartment of social work Master of Social Work- Year 2 Ethics Assignment Matriculation Number: Exam Number: Submission Date: 12th of December No of Words: 2713 All names have been made anonymous to protect the identity of individuals. Scenario David aged 11 was in residential care along with his 7 siblings. He had a severe history of abuse (sexual, physical and emotional) from a female relative. His stay in this residential setting was one of assessment no work at this stage was be
Family talk show Radio talk shows have been an important component of American people’s lives. These shows have been around since the early 1920’s, at the very beginning of radio broadcasting. At that time, any show that did not contain music, or some sort of dramatic element, was considered a talk show. However, today’s standards are different. The talk show programs of today invite guests that are experts about the particular topics discussed. These expert guests give advice to the audience du
ISLAM AND WOMEN’S SEXUALITY: A RESEARCH REPORT FROM TURKEY The control over women’s sexuality through restriction, coercion, violence or more complicated forms of political and social manipulation remains the most powerful tool of patriarchy in the majority of societies. Religion is often misused, both as an instrument of this control mechanism and as a cultural system, to legitimize the violation of women’s human rights. However, concentrating on the role of religion in constructing women’s sex
The Government In 1997 when the current Government was elected into power one of their aims was to tackle the inequalities that existed within health and social care. Since then we have seen the publication of many policy documents which planned the way forward for health care, particularly in the way that care is delivered. Modern and Dependable (DOH, 1997), set out ways for national improvement in healthcare. Modernising Mental health Services (DOH, 1998a), set out the way on which mental heal
A Life Is Not A Life Until Birth Although the following Christian philosophies stand on the following platform: abortion is illegal because it is murder of a human being, pray for God to turn back time to make abortion illegal again, politicians are told if the anti-abortion stance is not taken they will not get that particular groups votes because that politician would be endorsing murder, In reality the groups that spout this information are not very informed with the bible, about its history,
Tithing System Tithing system- every male was enrolled in a group of ten families, which was called a tithing. If one person in that tithing committed a crime then every person in that group would pay the fine. Later in time them became shire-reeve much like our modern day countires. Sir Robert Peel pushed the Metro police act through parliament. Metro police act of 1829 was the 1st modern police force was est. in London bye Bob Peel ( was to have full time protection against crime). 1st night w