Of The Popes

Militant Monks
Militant Monks
Militant Monks The Knights Templar, a military order of monks answerable only to the Pope himself, were founded in 1118. Their primary responsibility, at least initially, was to provide protection to Christians making pilgrimages to the Holy Land. They rose in power, both religious and secular, to become one of the richest and most powerful entities in Christendom. By the time of their disbandment in 1307, this highly secretive organization controlled vast wealth, a fleet of merchant ships, and
Saint Joan's Tragic Flaw The Epilogue
Saint Joan's Tragic Flaw The Epilogue
Saint Joan's Tragic Flaw: The Epilogue Saint Joan is considered to be one of George Bernard Shaw's greatest works. In the play, Shaw avoids many problems identified by critics as prevalent in some of his other writing. Some have criticized Shaw, claiming that he tends to portray unrealistic archetypal characters, rather than well-rounded believable individuals. His plays have also been described as lacking action and being too didactic. In Saint Joan, Shaw reduced the intensity of these previou
The differences between eighteenth-century literature and romantic poe
The differences between eighteenth-century literature and romantic poe
The differences between eighteenth-century literature and romantic poems, with respect to history is constituted here. This is seen through the influential works of John Keats and Alexander Pope. These works are acknowledged as, The Rape of Lock and The Eve of St. Agnes. Alexander Pope takes his readers on a hatred filled epic. A robust piece of literature and love induced psychoses in, The Rape of Lock. On the other hand, The Eve of St. Agnes told a tale of life, love, death, and etern
How do textual features combine to convey a theme of the poem
How do textual features combine to convey a theme of the poem
How do textual features combine to convey a theme of the poem? Milton wrote extensively throughout his life, and studied literature profoundly. His cunningness and literary techniques were observed in all of his literature. However, at the prime of his life, his weak eyes gave as his intense work and studies caused his blindness. As a result of this tragedy, Milton created a sonnet about his blindness. He questioned the meaning of this tragedy, of the future, and God for his blindness within th
The end of the world
The end of the world
The end of the world Have you ever wondered when the world is going to come to a stop?. Have you ever stopped to think about all of those physic predictions that so many have made? I hope to provide an insight to the world of Armageddon. It is almost inevitable that the world and the human race end someday, but just how soon? Millennialists, people who believe that the world is going to end on a set date saying that the date will be May 5, 2000. If their calculations are right, then we only hav
Italy is a country located in southern Europe Italy occupies a boot-sh
Italy is a country located in southern Europe Italy occupies a boot-sh
Italy is a country located in southern Europe. Italy occupies a boot-shaped peninsula that extends into the Mediterranean sea from southern Europe. The country also includes two large islands, Sicily and Sardinia. The History Italy has had a long and colorful history. For much of its history, Italy has been divided into many small and often warring city states. This occurred after the break up of the Roman Empire when much of Europe became feudal. In 476, Odoacer defeated the last emperor of an
Impact Of The Renaissance
Impact Of The Renaissance
Impact Of The Renaissance The impact of the Renaissance on Europe Jacob Burckhardt best describes the renaissance as the prototype of the modern world, for it was the period between the fourteenth and fifteenth century in Italy, when the base of modern civilisation was formed. It was mainly through the revival of ancient learning that new scientific values first began to overthrow traditional religious beliefs. People started to accept a new rational and objective approach to reality and most im
HISTORICAL CONTENT
HISTORICAL CONTENT
HISTORICAL CONTENT Julian of Norwich lived during the late fourteenth century- early fifteenth century. Many things were happening in Europe at that time. The main thing going on at that time was the Bubonic or Black Plague. The plague spread in waves. It was spread by fleas, which got it from infected ship rats. The plague lasted about one-hundred years. The Bubonic Plague was very influential in the works of art and the way people felt at that time period. Another thing going on was the hundr
England Latin Anglia political division of the island of Great Britain
England Latin Anglia political division of the island of Great Britain
England (Latin Anglia), political division of the island of Great Britain, constituting, with Wales, the principal division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England occupies all of the island east of Wales and south of Scotland, another division of the United Kingdom. Established as an independent monarchy many centuries ago, England in time achieved political control over the rest of the island, all the British Isles, and vast sections of the world, becoming the nuc
Political Changes After the Crusades
Political Changes After the Crusades
Political Changes After the Crusades The series of crusades which started from the early the 1000’s and lasted for about two hundred years caused many important political changes in Europe. One of the results of the Crusades was the shift of power between kings and feudal lords. The method of direct taxing was initiated by the kings for the first time. The church also assumed more political power because of its spiritual leadership role in the Crusades. Evidently, the Crusades caused major chan
Michael Nostradamus
Michael Nostradamus
Michael Nostradamus For centuries Nostradamus's prophecies have inspired fear and controversy. His followers say he predicted the French Revolution, the birth and rise of Hitler, and the assassination of John F. Kennedy. Did he, as his believers' claim, predict some of history's most monumental events - from the Great Fire of London to the launch disaster of the space shuttle Challenger? Nostradamus was typical of the Renaissance time period. He made many prophecies and was a major contributor
An who would give all of his followers something they had never had be
An who would give all of his followers something they had never had be
an, who would give all of his followers something they had never had before; faith, and the ability to see others, love others, and talk to others. The basic lines of Catholic Mariology (theology of Mary) are now to talked about and to debated beyond dispute, written as they are in the Scriptures, in the liturgy, in prayer, poetry, song and art, in the writings of saints and theologians and in the teaching of popes and councils. Mary holds a secure place as the mother of Jesus, the greatest of a
Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso On October 25, 1881 Maria Picasso Lopez gave birth to a son. Little did she know that that child was an artist. Picasso himself once said “every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once he grows up”. So the question is, was Picasso right, was he an artist from birth or did the way in which he lived make him the artist that he became? Pablo Picasso’s father, Jose Ruiz Blasco, was an artist and a teacher at San Telmo school of arts and industrial design in Mala
Popes use of Epic Conventions
Popes use of Epic Conventions
Pope’s use of Epic Conventions Narrative English ENG110Y1Y October 2, 2002 The mock-epic poem “The Rape of the Lock”, by Alexander Pope uses epic conventions to show how Belinda and other women of her position in society have corrupt and self-centered values. Alexander Pope shows this with the use of elevated language and the specific wording of the heroic couplet. The elevated language in the text gives the reader the impression that the tasks at hand are of critical importance, especially thos
James Longstreet
James Longstreet
James Longstreet James Longstreet was born in Edgefield, South Carolina, January 18 1821, and was the fifth of eleven children. His father, whom he was named after, died when he was 12 years old. His mother moved twice afterward, once to Augusta, Georgia, and then to a nearby city Huntsville. His uncle, Judge Augustus Baldwin Longstreet, watched after their Longstreet. James liked to pass the time by hunting, fishing and horseback riding. In his early age he had dreams of becoming a soldier and
The Middle Ages
The Middle Ages
The Middle Ages May you live in interesting times. -Ancient Chinese curse Though many historians discount the Middle Ages as a time period when nothing much important happened, may interesting and important things did in fact occur then. This is especially true of the late Middle Ages. Over time the Roman Catholic Church was working to increase its prestige and power until Europe was dominated by it. However, as everyone knows what goes up must come down. History is filled with patterns. People
How have the perspectives on the meaning of history changed over time
How have the perspectives on the meaning of history changed over time
How have the perspectives on the meaning of history changed over time? “However much they might have agreed on the need for accuracy and truthfulness, historians down the ages have held widely different views on the purposes to which these things were to be put and the way in which the facts they presented were to be explained…” (Richard J. Evans, In Defense of History) Although historians strive to record history to be as true and accurate as possible, it is how they perceive a certain event o
The Beginning of the Protestant Revolution
The Beginning of the Protestant Revolution
The Beginning of the Protestant Revolution Martin Luther was a Catholic, Augustinian Monk (a very strict man in the seminary). He questioned the catholic beliefs though and thought the religion needed a reform. He posted his 95 Thesis on a German Church in Wittenberg on October 31, 1517 and this marked the beginning of the Protestant Reformation. The Catholic Church had taken some things way too far and it seemed that the whole religion had been corrupted. In the beginning, indulgences were used
How Deep is Beauty
How Deep is Beauty
How Deep is Beauty? English IV-3 8 March 2002 If “beauty is only skin deep,” then why do we care what we look like? Crest is advocating having white teeth by helping people turn on their smile. If, however, we truly believe that beauty is within, should we not be more concerned with cavity free teeth? It seems throughout the ages that man has claimed one thing and believed another. Social hypocrisy follows us wherever we go. No one seems to know what we truly believe about beauty. This is not a
The Life of Thucydides
The Life of Thucydides
The Life of Thucydides It is the purpose of this paper to outline the life of Thucydides and how he has made a mark as one of the greatest historians who have ever lived. Thucydides was the author of The History of the Peloponnesian War and this has made him famous because he stated that: The absence of romance in my history will, I fear, detract somewhat from its interest; but I shall be content if it is judged useful by those inquirers who desire an exact knowledge of the past as an aid to the
Age of Faith Age of Feudalism and the Dark Ages
Age of Faith Age of Feudalism and the Dark Ages
Age of Faith, Age of Feudalism and the Dark Ages World History April 5, 2004 The tittles; Age of Faith, Age of Feudalism and the Dark Ages all well represent the Middle Ages, but Age of Faith is the greater among equals. This is because religious faith increases a lot during the whole middle ages, yet the other three titles happened at different times, and were not as permanent as religion was. During the Middle Ages religion was very important, and church officials were almost as powerful as po
Legalisation of Abortion Worldwide
Legalisation of Abortion Worldwide
Legalisation of Abortion Worldwide Reproductive freedom – the fundamental right of every individual to decide freely and responsibly when and whether to have a child – is a reaffirmation of the principle of individual liberty cherished by most people worldwide. It helps ensure that children will be wanted and loved, that families will be strong and secure, and that choice rather than chance will guide the future of humanity. Shouldn’t this be the way forward for humanity? It seems not. In many p
Protestant Reformation
Protestant Reformation
Protestant Reformation Religion is a predominant force in our world today. It also had a strong impact on the lives of those alive during the Protestant Reformation. Many changes were brought along by this historical chain of events. Recently, many incidents have occurred to change the way people view religion. Examples include the Holocaust and, more recently, the Branch-Davidians in Waco, Texas. Even a more spectacular event in history occurred when a group of people decided that just because
In The middle of the Eleventh Century The tranquillity of the eastern
In The middle of the Eleventh Century The tranquillity of the eastern
In The middle of the Eleventh Century The tranquillity of the eastern Mediterranean seemed assured for many years to come, but little did the people know what was ahead . This, thus embark us on a journey back into the First Crusade. In this paper I will be discussing the events that lead up to the first in a long line of crusades. I will also be mentioning the lives of some of the crusaders through letters that they wrote. The crusades were a time of confusion for most people, yet today we loo
Abortion has been practiced since the beginning of civilization In anc
Abortion has been practiced since the beginning of civilization In anc
Abortion has been practiced since the beginning of civilization. In ancient Assyria abortion was a crime and if caught, the woman was killed on a stake and not allowed to be buried. Through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance in Europe abortion was legal until the Catholic church conflicted. In 1588 Pope Sixtus V called abortion the same as murder and subject to the same penalties. But within 3 years Pope Gregory XVI eliminated penalties if abortion was before 40 days after conception. In 1869
NICHOLAS COPERNICUS
NICHOLAS COPERNICUS
NICHOLAS COPERNICUS INTRO- Copernicus was one man who it can be justly said changed the universe- or at least the human population’s perception of it. Copernicus was sometimes honored with the name, Father of Astronomy. He was constantly observing and studying the stars. It is ironic that although he was raised by a prominent catholic bishop that he later presented to the world a new view on the heavens- and the church was not receptive. Childhood-history A. born February 19, 1473 in Torun, Pola
1 NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI
1 NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI
1. NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI He is a political man, historian and writer (1469-1527). His family was a middle class family who raised many bureaucrats to serve for Florence. He has done his education at home under control of a private tutor named Matteo and learned Latin pretty well. On March 1498 he entered to diplomatic work field; he was promoted as the second secretary of the Florence city state. After a year at this job, his first political work was published : Discorto Fatto al Magistrato dei d
Rome
Rome
Rome TROY HOGGARD Mr. Terry May 25, 1997 10th grade ROME Introduction Rome also known as the ancient city was the capital of the greatest empire of the ancient world. It was a great and prosperous city that was filled with at least one million people. Many people believe that the height of the city of Rome reached its height near the time that emperor constantius the second had seen it for the first time. When he had seen all the sights such as the sanctuary of Jupiter capitolinus, the public b
Pope Paul III The Sixteenth Century Miracle
Pope Paul III The Sixteenth Century Miracle
Pope Paul III: The Sixteenth Century Miracle Born into an Italian family, Alessandro Farnese soon to be known as Pope Paul III was a very remarkable man. Coming into the world in 1468, Alessandro received a very good education during his youth. He studied in Rome under Pomponius Laetus, and also in the gardens of Lorenzo de’ Medici at Florence. He had a love for art and elegant literature which was proper for his period. At first, Alessandro wanted a diplomatic career, but with his mothers urgi
The Catacombs and Christian Persecutions
The Catacombs and Christian Persecutions
The Catacombs and Christian Persecutions The catacombs are the ancient underground cemeteries used by the Christians and the Jewish people in Rome. The Christian catacombs, which are numerous, began in the second century and the shoveling out continued until the first half of the fifth century. In the beginning they were only burial places, but later they gathered to celebrate their funeral rites, and the anniversaries of the saints and of the dead. During the persecutions the catacombs were us
Popes and their Art
Popes and their Art
˙ Popes and their Art The Popes made a store house of the Vatican which is in Rome by the collecting of precious metals, documents, and art work which is now called, “ The Vatican Collections”. Pope John Paul 2nd said this of the collections. They will speak of the human condition as well as the endevorance of the human spirit. The Vatican contains many Art pieces of the Roman err such as statues of men and women as well as horses and many other pieces of art work.. Nicolas the 5th was the firs
There is no written record of the beginning of astrology but it is bel
There is no written record of the beginning of astrology but it is bel
There is no written record of the beginning of astrology, but it is believed to have originated in Mesopotamia, now Iraq, around the fourth millenium B.C.. Whether or not the civilizations of that time influenced one another is unknown. We do know however, that the observation of the heavens played an important role in all the highly developed civilizations of the early Stone Age and was usually entrusted to the priveleged caste, usually priests. This caste had the responsibility of using their
FORTUNES FURIOUS FICKLE WHEEL
FORTUNES FURIOUS FICKLE WHEEL
FORTUNE’S FURIOUS FICKLE WHEEL “Whatever is, is right,” said Alexander Pope, and “all is for the best” echoed Pangloss of Voltaire’s Candide (Lamm 175 ln 46). Pangloss believed that if something happens, then it is for a reason. He held that the, sometimes, bitter end—effect—was justified by the predestined and inevitable means—cause. Pangloss represented the attitude of eternal optimism, which was prevalent during the Renaissance period. However, the state of affairs of the Renaissance was pes
Michelangelo
Michelangelo
Michelangelo On March 6,1475 a son was born to Ludovico Bunonarotti, governer, of a village in Italy. The boy was named Michelangelo. He died on Febuary 18, 1564. His mother died when he was very little, so his father sent him to live in the home of a stone cutter. He was born in Caprese Italy. The stone cutter and his wife cared for him as if he was their own son. He loved to run through the stone squarries and watch men cutting blocks of marble from the side of the hill. He found charcoal one
Introduction
Introduction
Introduction Lazio, also known as Latium, is a region in west central Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea. There are many beautiful provinces, or cities, in the region. Some include Rome, Latina, Frosinone, Viterbo, and Rieti. In Lazio there is also an important river, the Tiber, which runs right through Rome. The capital of Italy is Rome, which is also an important industrial city in the region, Lazio, and the capital of Lazio as well. Another important city is Civitavecchia, the Vatican City, the cen
Agony And The Ecstacy
Agony And The Ecstacy
Agony And The Ecstacy The Agony and the Ecstacy depicts Michelangelo’s struggle to become the embodiment of Renaissance humanism. In the course of the novel Michelangelo must overcome the interference of his family, religious dogma, political intrigue, papal patronage, military campaigns, and artistic jealousy to realize his artistic ambition. Despite his father’s opposition, twelve-year-old Michelangelo becomes an apprentice, first to painter Ghirlandaio and then to Bertoldo, a sculptor, wh
Dorothy Day
Dorothy Day
Dorothy Day Dorothy Day, founder of the Catholic Worker movement, was born in Brooklyn, New York, November 8, 1897. After surviving the San Francisco earthquake in 1906, the Day family moved into a flat in Chicago's South Side. It was a big step down in the world made necessary because John Day was out of work. Day understands of the shame people feel when they fail in their efforts dated from this time. (Miller, p.4) When John Day was appointed sports editor of a Chicago newspaper, the Day fami
Holy Year of Jubilee
Holy Year of Jubilee
Holy Year of Jubilee Holy Year of Jubilee The ultimate derivation of the word jubilee is disputed, but it is most probable that the Hebrew word jobel, to which it is traced, meant a ram's horn , and that from this instrument, used in proclaiming the celebration, a certain idea of rejoicing was derived. Further, passing through the Greek iobelaios, or iobelos, the word became confused with the Latin jubilo, which means to shout , and has given us the forms jubilatio and jubilaeum, now adopted in
Praise Of Folly
Praise Of Folly
Praise Of Folly The Praise of Folly takes on a very diverse form of life during sixteenth century Europe. In 1509 the author, Desiderius Erasmus, turned his literary talents to the ridicule and denunciation of monastic vice, immorality, and wickedness. He was considered the Prince of Humanists [1] because he was one of the most important men in Europe during the period of the Reformation, The historical and cultural references in his book proves that the Praise of Folly could not have been writt
Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin Chad Galloway More than a century after his death, and four generations after the publication of his chief work, The Origin of Species, Charles Darwin may still be considered the most controversial scientist in the world. His name is synonymous with the debate that continues to swirl around the theory of evolution, a theory that deeply shook the Western view of humanity and its place in the world. We tend to speak simply of the theory of evolution, leaving off the explanatory ph
The Spaniard Quietist Miguel de Molinos
The Spaniard Quietist Miguel de Molinos
The Spaniard Quietist Miguel de Molinos I. Factors. The Church, since its origins has suffered from the attack of heretics and their heresies which have caused many controversies and schisms within it. However, many of the conflicts are the result of other than heresies. There are cases where conflicts arose because of ambition of power, lack of moral, and intrigues, other because of lack of wisdom and a poor theological understanding. One of the instances in which a mixture of the elements ment
The Role Of Spirituality And Religion In Night
The Role Of Spirituality And Religion In Night
The Role Of Spirituality And Religion In Night Religion has always explained the unknown in knowable terms. It has created symbols for that which could not be known. This symbology is so deeply imbedded in our minds, cultures, and cosmology that it is rarely questioned from inside the religious paradigms. From outside that paradigm, the religious imagery loses its impact, its subliminal meaning. Religion functions to relieve the anxiety of the absolute fact for each of us that we will die, that
THE TRIAL AND DEATH OF JOAN OF ARC
THE TRIAL AND DEATH OF JOAN OF ARC
THE TRIAL AND DEATH OF JOAN OF ARC On May 16, 1920, Pope Benedict XV conducted a ceremony at St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome to canonize Joan of Arc, often referred to as the Maid of Orleans. This ceremony was the final step in a process that was begun in 1849 by the Bishop of Orleans, Felix Dupanloup, over 400 years after St. Joan’s was tried, convicted and executed in the name of the Church. A study of her heroic deeds and an intensive review of her life, virtues and the trial transcripts that co
Crusades
Crusades
Crusades Later Crusades Essay. After the first Christian Crusade that begun in 1095 there were eight classified crusades that generally aimed towards the area of Sirya and Palestne that lasted untill the 1270’s. Yet after much humiliation and the repeated defeat of the Crusaders in the Lavant, most of the Eropean powers understood the fact that the Holy Land was unnatainable. Most the crusading efforts were aimed at the enemies of Catholics such as the Turkish invaders who sought to destroy Chri
Michaelangelo
Michaelangelo
Michaelangelo Michelangelo was pessimistic in his poetry and an optimist in his artwork. Michelangelo’s artwork consisted of paintings and sculptures that showed humanity in it’s natural state. Michelangelo’s poetry was pessimistic in his response to Strazzi even though he was complementing him. Michelangelo’s sculpture brought out his optimism. Michelangelo was optimistic in completing The Tomb of Pope Julius II and persevered through it’s many revisions trying to complete his vision. Sculpture
Militant Monks
Militant Monks
Militant Monks The Knights Templar, a military order of monks answerable only to the Pope himself, were founded in 1118. Their primary responsibility, at least initially, was to provide protection to Christians making pilgrimages to the Holy Land. They rose in power, both religious and secular, to become one of the richest and most powerful entities in Christendom. By the time of their disbandment in 1307, this highly secretive organization controlled vast wealth, a fleet of merchant ships, and
Monks
Monks
Monks The Knights Templar, a military order of monks answerable only to the Pope himself, were founded in 1118. Their primary responsibility, at least initially, was to provide protection to Christians making pilgrimages to the Holy Land. They rose in power, both religious and secular, to become one of the richest and most powerful entities in Christendom. By the time of their disbandment in 1307, this highly secretive organization controlled vastwealth, a fleet of merchant ships, and castles an
The End of the World
The End of the World
The End of the World Have you ever wondered when the world is going to come to a stop?. Have you ever stopped to think about all of those physic predictions that so many have made? I hope to provide an insight to the world of Armageddon. It is almost inevitable that the world and the human race end someday, but just how soon? Millennialists, people who believe that the world is going to end on a set date saying that the date will be May 5, 2000. If their calculations are right, then we only have
Popes
Popes
Popes The Protestant Reformation marked a time of great religious, social and political upheaval. For the first time in history the Christian church was permanently shattered. The Reformation originated from a trend in returning to the biblical days of Christianity and a renewal of morality. Unfortunately the Catholic religious leaders didn't share in the renewal of morality. The Renaissance popes were partially responsible for the decline of the church;however, it was the Church's past history
Hungary is one of the forty countries in Europe Its capital is Budapes
Hungary is one of the forty countries in Europe Its capital is Budapes
Hungary is one of the forty countries in Europe. Its capital is Budapest. Hungary is the smallest country in Central Europe. It is ninety - three thousand, thirty six square miles. It is divided into two halves, east and west, by the Danube river that runs threw it. There is a big plain that is very flat east of the Danube river called the Great Hungarian plain. It is also known as the “waste land.” It is twenty thousand square miles. There are few bushes there but parts have rich soil for farm