Of The Bourgeoisie

Ch'en Ta Erh The Time Bomb
Ch'en Ta Erh The Time Bomb
Ch'en Ta Erh: The Time Bomb In Man's Fate, Andre Malraux examines the compelling forces that lead individuals to join a greater cause. Forced into a life of contempt, Ch'en portrays the man of action in the early phases of the Chinese Revolution. He dedicates himself to the communist cause. It is something greater than himself, a phenomenal concept that he has fused into. It is something for which he will give his life. How did this devotion come about? A combination of his personality, his int
Socialism
Socialism
Socialism The term socialism is commonly used to refer both to an ideology--a comprehensive set of beliefs or ideas about the nature of human society and its future desirable state--and to a state of society based on that ideology. Socialists have always claimed to stand above all for the values of equality, social justice, cooperation, progress, and individual freedom and happiness, and they have generally sought to realize these values by the abolition of the private-enterprise economy (see CA
The Reign of Terror
The Reign of Terror
The Reign of Terror History is said to be written by the winners, but is it possible to rewrite history? In a way, the French, like many who have preceded them, and many who will proceed them have done the impossible, rewriting history. From trivial folklore, such as George Washington chopping down a cherry tree, to the incredibly wrong, the African slave trade; people's views of history can be shaped and molded. The French have done a superb job of instilling all of us with the concept that th
The Role of Prejudice In The Merchant of Venice
The Role of Prejudice In The Merchant of Venice
The Role of Prejudice In The Merchant of Venice This paper discusses the subject of prejudice in the William Shakespeare play, The Merchant of Venice. I. Introduction William Shakespeare's satirical comedy, The Merchant of Venice, believed to have been written in 1596 was an examination of hatred and greed.The premise deals with the antagonistic relationship between Shylock, a Jewish money-lender and Antonio, the Christian merchant, who is as generous as Shylock is greedy, particularly with his
A Tale of Three Classes
A Tale of Three Classes
A Tale of Three Classes A Marxist Criticism on The Importance of Being Earnest Excuse me Geoffrey, could you get me some more water. I'm terribly thirsty, and the weather out here isn't doing any good for my complexion. declares the man as he sighs in exhaustion. Right away sir, anything else? proclaims the servant. No that will be all. says the man as he waves off the servant. So is this the scene of yesteryear's society or one of today's, well in actuality it can be either. In today's
The Rise of Gladiatorial Combat
The Rise of Gladiatorial Combat
The Rise of Gladiatorial Combat Gladiatorial contests (munera gladitoria), hold a central place in our perception of Roman behavior. They were also a big influence on how Romans themselves ordered their lives. Attending the games was one of the practices that went with being a Roman. The Etruscans who introduced this type of contest in the sixth century BC, are credited with its development but its the Romans who made it famous. A surviving feature of the Roman games was when a gladiator fell h
The Oppressed
The Oppressed
The Oppressed Dr. Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States might be better titled A Proletarian’s History of the United States. In the first three chapters Zinn looks at not only the history of the conquerors, rulers, and leaders; but also the history of the enslaved, the oppressed, and the led. Like any American History book covering the time period of 1492 until the early 1760’s, A People’s History tells the story of the “discovery” of America, early colonization by European powe
History is said to be written by the winners but is it possible to rew
History is said to be written by the winners but is it possible to rew
History is said to be written by the winners, but is it possible to rewrite history? In a way, the French, like many who have preceded them, and many who will proceed them have done the impossible, rewriting history. From trivial folklore, such as George Washington chopping down a cherry tree, to the incredibly wrong, the African slave trade; people’s views of history can be shaped and molded. The French have done a superb job of instilling all of us with the concept that their Revolution was a
THE ROLE OF PREJUDICE IN THE MERCHANT OF VENICE
THE ROLE OF PREJUDICE IN THE MERCHANT OF VENICE
THE ROLE OF PREJUDICE IN THE MERCHANT OF VENICE This paper discusses the subject of prejudice in the William Shakespeare play, The Merchant of Venice. I. Introduction William Shakespeare's satirical comedy, The Merchant of Venice, believed to have been written in 1596 was an examination of hatred and greed. The premise deals with the antagonistic relationship between Shylock, a Jewish money-lender and Antonio, the Christian merchant, who is as generous as Shylock is greedy, particularly with hi
The Art Of Torture
The Art Of Torture
The Art Of Torture Going by the title of this paper you are probably asking yourself �How in God�s name can torture be seen as an art, were these people mentally ill?� well it was, but I talk about that later, let me tell you a little about the history of torture. Torture has been around since the times of Ancient Greece and is still around today, usually in the Mafia. Other than the mob, torture isn�t very common in our society. Punishments aren�t near as harsh as they used to be back
''By 1932 the collapse of Weimars had become inevitable Hitlers triump
''By 1932 the collapse of Weimars had become inevitable Hitlers triump
''By 1932 the collapse of Weimars had become inevitable, Hitlers triumph had not'' Discuss Without wanting to delve into the 'What if?' school of history, the debate about Weimars failure can become a vague one since there is so much known about the period and so many factors which could have effected the outcome of Weimars history. Some argue its collapse was inevitable in 1919 others go right up to 1933, but what is not certain was Hitler's triumph I would argue that after the signing of the
The Precise
The Precise
The Precise Q: If you had to identify the most significant causes of the Revolution, what would they be? A: First and foremost, it would be most important to analyse the political situation of France before the Revolution. The long reign of Louis the XIV (1643-1715) marked absolute monarchy at its peak in France. When Louis XIII died the next in line to take the throne was only 5 years old, Louis XIV. His mother ruled for him along side the new Chief Minister, Mazarin, who had been trained by R
Communism-The Ideal Society Society is flawed There are critical imbal
Communism-The Ideal Society Society is flawed There are critical imbal
Communism-The Ideal Society? Society is flawed. There are critical imbalances in it that are causing much of humanity to suffer. In The Communist Manifesto Karl Marx is reacting to this fact by describing his vision of a perfectly balanced society, a communist society. Simply put, a communist society is one where all property is held in common. No one person has more than the other, but rather everyone shares in the fruits of their labors. Marx is writing of this society because, he believes it
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution There was a loud thunk as the blade hit the wood block, silence and then a cheer rose up from the crowd as yet another nobleman's head rolled. The French Revolution was one of the bloodiest revolutions in history, it was responsible for taking the lives of thousands of Frenchmen. But what was the cause of this carnage? As former Vice President Hubert Humphrey said, History teaches us that the great revolutions aren't started by people who are utterly down and out, witho
I Introduction II Marxism A Definition Explanation B Example Economic
I Introduction II Marxism A Definition Explanation B Example Economic
I. Introduction II. Marxism A. Definition & Explanation B. Example: Economic Evolution III. Resource Mobilization Theory (RMT) A. Definition & Explanation B. Example: The Parliament versus the Crown IV. Institutional Theory A. Definition & Explanation B. Example: Social Change V. Conclusion Human relationships have always been dynamic. Change and adaptability have gone hand in hand with the passage of time for human society. Systems have been developed to regulate, direct and control the resourc
The City of Today Glorious glorious England As the Empire spreads some
The City of Today Glorious glorious England As the Empire spreads some
The City of Today Glorious, glorious England. As the Empire spreads some say so does its glory; others mumble of the price which we pay for our greatness. Many of us Londoners have read, if not discussed, the intriguing debate transpiring between Sir Andrew Ure and Sir James Phillips Kay. Are the cities of great England truly representative of the jewels in Her Majesty's Crown? Or are they the stain of exploitation and abuse that some have proclaimed? Sir James Phillips Kay, an M.D. at Edinbur
A review and summary of the first three chapters of Howard Zinn's A Pe
A review and summary of the first three chapters of Howard Zinn's A Pe
A review and summary of the first three chapters of Howard Zinn's A People's History... The Zen of Zinn: A look at the first 3 chapters of A People's History of the US Dr. Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States might be better titled A Proletarian’s History of the United States. In the first three chapters Zinn looks at not only the history of the conquerors, rulers, and leaders; but also the history of the enslaved, the oppressed, and the led. Like any American History book cover
Art Notes
Art Notes
Art Notes Renaissance (1300-1500) § Dimensions of nature § Rebirth § Science - technology § Discoveries beyond Europe § Paint more naturally- using perspective /_\ (triangle) § Illusion of space § Art was based on the visual world § Art was based on mathematical physics § Earth was no longer thought to be the centre of the Universe § Metallurgy and exploration of the world § Camera Obscura- image upside-down through light and an aid to painting § Mathematical theories can explain all human exper
Communist Manifesto
Communist Manifesto
Communist Manifesto Chapter 1 Summary: Bourgeois and Proletarians The Communist Manifesto begins with Marx's famous generalization that the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles (79). Marx describes these classes in terms of binary oppositions, with one party as oppressor, the other as oppressed. While human societies have traditionally been organized according to complex, multi-membered class hierarchies, the demise of feudalism effected by the French Revolu
Hedda Gablers Role in Society
Hedda Gablers Role in Society
Hedda Gabler’s Role in Society English 2333 Henrik Ibsen portrays a microcosm of nineteenth century society in his play, “Hedda Gabler”. Hedda, the protagonist, exhibits a mixture of masculine and feminine traits due to her unique upbringing under General Gabler and the social mores imposed upon her. However, although this society venerates General Gabler because of his military status, his daughter Hedda is not tolerated due to her non-conformity to the accepted gender stereotypes. Hedda's gend
The Purpose Of A Government
The Purpose Of A Government
The Purpose Of A Government February/2004 Hist. 2 sects 6,7,8 Government is something that every society needs. In order for people to coexist, there must be a sense of order and protection. However, government is never perfect. Throughout history, men like Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels tried to shape an utopian society and they had their own views on the purpose of the government. These men believed that society was based on two social systems, the Proletarian and the Bourgeoisie and that the
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution I. Absolutism A. Absolutism defined 1. In the absolutist state, sovereignty resided in kings--not the nobility or the parliament--who considered themselves responsible to God alone. 2. Absolute kings created new state bureaucracies and standing armies, regulated all the institutions of government, and secured the cooperation of the nobility. a. Some historians deny that absolutism was a stage of development that followed feudalism, but, instead, was administrative monarchy.
Italian Economy in 1924-1936
Italian Economy in 1924-1936
Italian Economy in 1924-1936 Mussolini was famous for his claims of a planned economy, and social harmony in Italy. Fascism was also claimed to be an ideology of change, and dynamism. However Mussolini’s Italy had few economic successes between 1924 - 1936, and it remained without a developed industrial base, an issue fundamentally ignored by Mussolini. Mussolini did not actually aim for development, and economic growth, rather an economy which would increase his personal power and help maintain
The Effects of the Industrial Revolution
The Effects of the Industrial Revolution
The Effects of the Industrial Revolution The fact that the Industrial Revolution, which originated in England, changed the world is undisputed. Our present lifestyle would have been vastly different had the related events not have occurred. However, we must not romanticize the early changes. They were plagued with disease, poverty, exploitation of children, and the deterioration of the working class. Badly needed reforms came slowly, but inventions and improvements grew at a rapid pace, all of w
Carl Marx and the Conflict Theory
Carl Marx and the Conflict Theory
Carl Marx and the Conflict Theory The bourgeoisie and proletariet have both similarities and differences in their emergence and development as a class. They both emerged out of a separate society and developed their own. The bourgeoisie grew out of the feudal society and the need to develop a modern industry. The proletarians grew out of the bourgeoisie society and their need for change and stability. They both need to have centralized power in order for each society to grow. The bourgeoisie has
The Brief History of French Cuisine
The Brief History of French Cuisine
The Brief History of French Cuisine 25 April 2001 French cuisine has been famous for centuries. It has been the international standard of taste, excellence and tradition. Even today, should there be a show on television of a book where a man takes a woman out on an incredible date, the are usually going to “Chez Pierre’s” or “Chez Francoise” or some other French cliché for a restaurant name. But aside from its magnificent taste, French cuisine is also the symbol for richness, extravagance and de
Who Started The French Revolution
Who Started The French Revolution
Who Started The French Revolution? Advanced Placement European History 2 January 1997 The Revolution was unavoidable. Whether the government and the population of France saw it approaching or not, the country could no longer function subordinate to the Old Regime. So although it was maybe unanticipated, the insurrection was not unwarranted or in any way escapable. The motives that arose over centuries were also perpetuated by negligence, class antagonism and, when the effort was there, ignored e
Karl Marx
Karl Marx
Karl Marx “No other idea so enchanted the 20th century as Marxism.”[1] Karl Marx was the greatest philosopher and thinker of his time. His views on life and the social structure of his time have revolutionized the way in which people think. Throughout his travels and studies, Karl Marx developed many influential pieces of literature, one of which was the “Communist Manifesto”. Despite his upper-class position in society, Marx created an opportunity for the working-class to rise above the upper-c
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution There have been many revolutions in the past which have changed the futures of entire nations. The French Revolution was one of the most well-known revolutions due to its effects both inside and outside France. The revolution brought a major transformation in both the political system and the society. France went from a monarchy to a republic of free and equal citizens. Crane Briton observed the stages of a major revolution. The French Revolution conforms to Crane Briton’s
To what extent does an individuals social class affect their lifestyle
To what extent does an individuals social class affect their lifestyle
To what extent does an individual’s social class affect their lifestyle and life chances? In virtually all societies, people are aware of divisions between various groups, and as a result of these divisions people are treated differently. Sociologists usually refer to these divisions as ‘strata’ therefore, the division of people into groups is known as social stratification. In British society today the most important divisions are those of sex, age, ethnic groups and social class, of which is t
Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution, term which gained currency during the mid-19th century and became widely used by the 1880s. It has traditionally been used to describe dramatic transformations occurring in manufacturing industry between approximately 1750 and 1850 that set the pattern for industrialization. The first Industrial Revolution occurred in Great Britain, and profoundly altered its economy and society. The most immediate changes were in production: what was produced, as wel
Dependency Theory
Dependency Theory
Dependency Theory Essay #1 POLS 2210 6.0 B Tutorial Period: Thursdays, 12:30 – 1:30pm Similar to Marxism, Dependency Theory was an activist project that did not just analyze. However, in becoming political actors and advisors, there was an irony that the best way for a country to be more like the developed city was to actually join the ranks of exploiting countries. I think the strategies of Dependency Theory jump from the approach of developing into a core country. This would result in experime
Mussoliniand Economy
Mussoliniand Economy
Mussoliniand Economy Mussolini was famous for his claims of a planned economy, and social harmony in Italy. Fascism was also claimed to be an ideology of change, and dynamism. However Mussolini’s Italy had few economic successes between 1924 - 1936, and it remained without a developed industrial base, an issue fundamentally ignored by Mussolini. Mussolini did not actually aim for development, and economic growth, rather an economy which would increase his personal power and help maintain it. Ess
Power and Alienation
Power and Alienation
Power and Alienation Herbert Marcuse (1898-1979), a famous Frankfurt school philosopher and Michel Foucault (1926-1984), a philosopher, psychologist and teacher, have very different ideas about sexuality, power, economy and pleasure. While Marcuse maintained the idea that the body should be used as an instrument of pleasure over labor, Foucault believed that society should strive for a new economy characterized as bodies and pleasures. Both give great insight and detail to their arguments, but M
Comparison and Contrast of Sociological Theories
Comparison and Contrast of Sociological Theories
Comparison and Contrast of Sociological Theories This essay will discuss the key concepts between two sociological theories as why society is structured the way it is and it will compare and contrast both views. The two theories it will consider are based a Marxist perspective (conflict theory) which aims to create a more fair and equal society and a Functionalist perspective (consensus theory) which describes existing conditions within today’s society. Karl Marx (1813-83) developed a conflict t
Capitalism  The Cause Of Slavery In The American South
Capitalism The Cause Of Slavery In The American South
Capitalism: The Cause Of Slavery In The American South The American South, had a social system which was distinct in many ways. There was an economy relative to the region, where class structure and a system of racial differences which caused the South to become unique to the rest of the nation. Historians such as James Henretta have said that Capitalism was the cause of all evil within the American South. American Capitalism defined by Max Weber is � a greed for gain�, and �acquisition by
Communism In The U.S.
Communism In The U.S.
Communism In The U.S. Karl Marx, author of The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital, was the originator of the political and economic theory of Scientific Socialism (modern Communism). Communism, by definition, is the complete control of major resources and the means of production by government, initially in the form of autocracy. In theory, under this system all would be equal; all would share in both work, according to their ability, and profit, according to need. According to Marx, the proleta
Question to be Answered in Report How has colonialism changed the role
Question to be Answered in Report How has colonialism changed the role
Question to be Answered in Report: How has colonialism changed the roles of Europeans of the early 1900's or late 1800's? One of the most famous slogans of the age of global colonization was: The sun never sets on the British Empire. As recently as 1940, world maps showed large areas colored pink, representing regions dominated by the British. Much of Africa was pink, along with India, Malaya, Hong Kong, and other scattered territories in Asia and the Americas. The existence of an empire on wh
The American South had a social system which was distinct in many ways
The American South had a social system which was distinct in many ways
The American South, had a social system which was distinct in many ways. There was an economy relative to the region, where class structure and a system of racial differences which caused the South to become unique to the rest of the nation. Historians such as James Henretta have said that Capitalism was the cause of all evil within the American South. American Capitalism defined by Max Weber is “ a greed for gain”, and “acquisition by force, ... whether directly in war or in the form [of] explo
1 The French Revolution has been described in this course as a crucibl
1 The French Revolution has been described in this course as a crucibl
1) The French Revolution has been described in this course as a crucible of modernity, an event that brought about a new, modern world. Examine the impact of the French Revolution from the standpoint of the birth of new world views - political, cultural, scientific, social. Revolutions are set into action to provide a change of an undesirable government to one of better appeal to the people. The French Revolution was no stranger to this idea. It has been said to be one of the most important po
When And Why Did Communism Emerge
When And Why Did Communism Emerge
When And Why Did Communism Emerge? Communism is a concept or system of society in which the major resources and means of production are owned by the community rather than by individuals. This concept has been around since Plato’s Republic, but it reemerged in mid-19th century due to many causes. Some are more obvious than others, and in this paper I would like to discuss, in length, when and why did communism emerge. Some minor aspects of communism were seen in ancient Oriental societies. For ex
The Causes of Capitalism
The Causes of Capitalism
The Causes of Capitalism Max Weber finds the origin of modern capitalism in the religious values that came about as a result of Calvinism and Protestant Reformation. In his The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Weber argues that reinterpretation of the doctrine of predestination engendered a revolutionary ascetic sense among Calvinist Protestants. This ascetic sense combined with concomitant rationalization and the Protestant idea of a “calling” to produce a “capitalist spirit” tha
THEORIES OF HISTORY
THEORIES OF HISTORY
THEORIES OF HISTORY Carlisle’s theory of history is that leaders make history rather than ordinary citizens. This is demonstrated in the way history remembers great leaders but not the people whom they led. Even in popular revolts, we see that there always is a leader who incites the masses. Ideologies of the masses are not their own ideas but those of a leader. This has been true since biblical times. Even though the Israelites were oppressed in Egypt, they did not revolt until Moses led them.
Karl Marx 1818-1883 explained historical change by using and adapting
Karl Marx 1818-1883 explained historical change by using and adapting
Karl Marx (1818-1883) explained historical change by using and adapting a theory that was first developed by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770 - 1831). According to Hegel’s theory, in any period of history there is a conflict between contrary and opposing forces. For Marx, although not for Hegel, these opposing forces were exclusively economic classes. For Marx, in any period of history up to and including the Industrial Revolution and modern capitalism, there has always been a dominant econom
Until today many text books are satisfied with the approach to economi
Until today many text books are satisfied with the approach to economi
Until today many text books are satisfied with the approach to economics via a scientific breakdown of the processes of production, distribution, and consumption of wealth in human society. However, this is too simple a definition to explain what is actually entailed in economics. It is impossible to project absolute scientific models or axioms of value correlated material. Those who construct universal models,… propose that within ethnographic data there exists an objective reality which may b
For Arts Sake
For Arts Sake
For Art’s Sake For an artist, whether he is a painter or a sculptor, art is an effective medium for him to express his innermost sentiments, very similar to how one’s handwriting is often used to interpret the character of an individual. Art allows the artist to unleash his creativity, which is fueled by his passions and his environment. Often, an artist’s work is a personal interpretation of the pulse or character of his period. Sometimes, his works are so great that it captures the spirit of t
FRENCH REVOLUTION
FRENCH REVOLUTION
FRENCH REVOLUTION The birth of liberal democracy during the French Revolution continued to expand as the growing middle classes demanded more political power to be equal with the economic clout. Nationalism began to play a significant role in the way people and countries viewed themselves. The flourishing Industrial Revolution is what gave rise to the middle class as they were about to use the technological advances in transportation, communications, and the production of energy to enhance thei
Causes of the French Revolution
Causes of the French Revolution
Causes of the French Revolution On July 14, 1789, several starving working people of Paris and sixty soldiers seized control of the Bastille, forever changing the course of French history. The seizing of the Bastille wasn’t caused by one event, but several underlying causes such as the Old Regime, the raising of taxes, the American revolution, and the idea and beliefs of the philosophes. The immediate causes of the revolution were the rising price of bread and the locking of the third estate ou
The woman destined to be known worldwide as Madame Curie was born Mari
The woman destined to be known worldwide as Madame Curie was born Mari
The woman destined to be known worldwide as Madame Curie was born Marie Sklodowska in Warsaw, Poland, on Nov. 7, 1867. The Sklodowskas were members of the impoverished Polish bourgeoisie, and her father struggled to support his large family as a high school teacher of physics and mathematics. He was apparently a brilliant man, and Marie learned both from his example and from his hands-on teaching, developing into a brilliant young student herself. But her mother suffered from tuberculosis and,
Nicholas II
Nicholas II
Nicholas II 1/25/99 By Mikhail Grishin Nicholas II was born on May 6, 1868, in Tsarskoe Selo. He was delivered by his mother Marie Fyodorovna Romanova, formerly Dagmar, Princess of Denmark.His father Alexander Romanov was an important member of the Russian government. Unlike the rest of the Romanov men, Nicholas was not a very big man. The other men were always very intimidating; Nicholas however, was a simply5' 6 tall. To make up for his lack of height, Nicholas worked out with weights and oth