Free Of The Ancient Essays   Free Of The Ancient Essays Page 12

The ancient Roman architects were very good They could dig a straight
The ancient Roman architects were very good. They could dig a straight tunnel through solid rock, measure rivers with out any tape measure or machines and they learned how to make arches very strong and stable. With the arches they were able to build very large buildings. Some of these buildings are still standing part ways. The Colosseum in Rome, also known as the Flativan Amphitheatre held 50,000 spectators and the people and animals that would be fighting. The plumbing was so good that they w...

ALEXANDER THE GREAT
ALEXANDER THE GREAT One could literally write a novel in epic form on Alexander the Greats uncharacteristically eventful life. I have decided that my poems form shall be an excerpt from an imaginary epic written by a Greek author shortly after Alexanders unfortunate demise. This section is a scene where Alexander himself, while on his deathbed, is restating his life. I was brought into existence in Pella, a child of divine birth1, to my devoted parents Philip II, ruler of Macedonia, and Olym...

The union of the Roman empire was dissolved its genius was humbled in
The union of the Roman empire was dissolved; its genius was humbled in the dust; and armies of unknown barbarians, issuing from the frozen regions of the North, had established their victorious reign over the fairest provinces of Europe and Africa. Edward Gibbon Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Scholars of Late Antiquity have long labored under the shadow of two monumental works: Edward Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1787) and M. I. Rostovtzeff's Social and Economic Histo...

Athletic And Sporting Events in Ancient Roman Times
Athletic And Sporting Events in Ancient Roman Times It must have been exciting living during ancient Roman times because of all the holidays, festivals, and other gala events. Spectator sports were very popular back then and the main form of entertainment. An examination of the forms of entertainment which were predominant during this period will provide a better understanding of Roman society during its glory years. A look at the origin and purpose of the games is an ideal place to start. Gla...

The account of StPaul's ill-fated journey to Rome in the New Testament
The account of St.Paul's ill-fated journey to Rome in the New Testament's Book of Acts provides some useful insights into shipping practices during the first century of the common era. In this paper, I intend to summarise the information and clues provided in the Book of Acts and present an overview of some of the basic interpretations of the relevant passages. It is important to understand that the Book of Acts is a continuation of the gospel according to Luke and any reference to him here is i...

When And Why Did Communism Emerge
When And Why Did Communism Emerge? Communism is a concept or system of society in which the major resources and means of production are owned by the community rather than by individuals. This concept has been around since Platos Republic, but it reemerged in mid-19th century due to many causes. Some are more obvious than others, and in this paper I would like to discuss, in length, when and why did communism emerge. Some minor aspects of communism were seen in ancient Oriental societies. For ex...

Opposing the Death Penalty
Opposing the Death Penalty Capital punishment is defined as the legal infliction of the death penalty. Today, in modern law, the death penalty is corporal punishment in its most severe form. It is irrevocable. It ends the existence of those punished, instead of temporarily imprisoning them. Although capital punishment is not intended to inflict physical pain, execution is the only corporal punishment still applied to adults. The usual alternative to the death penalty is life-long imprisonment. C...

The Biblical story of the flood has many similarities to the Greco-Rom
The Biblical story of the flood has many similarities to the Greco-Roman myth about a great flood. The Biblical account about a flood wiping out all people except Noah and his family also has some similarities to the ancient Sumerian story of a great flood. The myriad similarities between the Biblical story of a flood and the stories from Greece, Rome, and Sumeria of a great flood show that the Bible is not just a religious book but also contains an accurate record of historic events. The Bible ...

1 The Greek God Dionysus was honored in fifth century Athens by drama
1. The Greek God Dionysus was honored in fifth century Athens by drama festivals. Describe and name these festivals. Clearly demonstrate the differences between them. The main festivals were the Greater or city Dionysia and the Lesser or Rural Dionysia. There were other smaller festivals that where held in Athens at the time: the Oschophoria, the Anthesteria and the Leanaea. These festivals most likely originated from fertility rites. The festivals honored Dionysus Eleuthereus. All the festivals...

With the examples of contemporary Western Art as opposed to the period
With the examples of contemporary Western Art, as opposed to the period they are depicting, used in the lecture by Sand Kakuda there can be seen vast amounts of themes being played upon that are distinctly related to the Greco- Roman Era. Since these cultures are the primary beginnings of Western Civilization it is safe to say that their lifestyles, socially and politically, and works of art have served as a model and basis for art in cultures and generations to come. The legacy of the Greco-Rom...

Abortion has been practiced since the beginning of civilization In anc
Abortion has been practiced since the beginning of civilization. In ancient Assyria abortion was a crime and if caught, the woman was killed on a stake and not allowed to be buried. Through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance in Europe abortion was legal until the Catholic church conflicted. In 1588 Pope Sixtus V called abortion the same as murder and subject to the same penalties. But within 3 years Pope Gregory XVI eliminated penalties if abortion was before 40 days after conception. In 1869 ...

The American Heritage Dictionary defines capital punishment as the pe
The American Heritage Dictionary defines capital punishment as the penalty of death for the commission of crime. The death sentence has been applied since ancient times as punishment for crimes ranging from petty theft to murder. In 1976, U.S. states began creating a bifurcated trial procedure that would legally allow imposing the sentence of death. The states did so in response to the 1972 (Furman vs. Georgia) Supreme court decision which ruled that death penalty statutes were too vague and a...

Christian Spain from the 700's to the 1500's was dominated by the inte
Christian Spain from the 700's to the 1500's was dominated by the interplay of two opposing forces: the idea of an ultimate Christian conquest of the whole peninsula and that the Christian and Islamic peoples of Spain had become irretrievably associated with each other. In the early 700's, the Muslims crossed the straits and defeated Roderic, the last Gothic king. In the next few years the Muslims took over almost all of Spain except for a remote region. Because the Muslims enjoyed the fertile p...

The Comfort Women
The Comfort Women Some jokingly say that prostitution is the oldest profession, but one can hardly laugh about the plight of thousands of women who have resorted to this disturbing practice. Although many women sell their bodies by choice, history shows that for centuries, governments and conquering armies have used their power to force women into prostitution to fit its needs. Well into the twentieth century, the practice continued in countries around the world including China, The Philippine...

The Causes of Capitalism
The Causes of Capitalism Max Weber finds the origin of modern capitalism in the religious values that came about as a result of Calvinism and Protestant Reformation. In his The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Weber argues that reinterpretation of the doctrine of predestination engendered a revolutionary ascetic sense among Calvinist Protestants. This ascetic sense combined with concomitant rationalization and the Protestant idea of a calling to produce a capitalist spirit tha...

Carthage was a city-state on the Greek model that had been founded by
Carthage was a city-state on the Greek model that had been founded by Phoenicians from Tyre in the 8th century. It was the strongest city in the Western Mediterranean by the 3rd century and its wealth rested on trade. Carthaginian merchants went from one end of the Mediterranean to the other, the citys fleets were huge, and its army was one of the best in the ancient world. It was Carthage that pried loose the Greek hold on the western ports, and Carthaginian merchants traded as far north as E...

THE PERSIAN WARS AN EPIC TALE OF AN ELEPHANT AND A
THE PERSIAN WARS: AN EPIC TALE OF AN ELEPHANT AND A MOUSE Introduction The beginning of the Athenian Golden Age traces back to a series of battles between a small coalition of Greek city-states and the mighty Persian Empire. The battles, called the Persian Wars, started around 500 BC and lasted until the middle of the fourth century BC They record a remarkable victory by the small Greek coalition over the mighty Persian empire. Ionia The stage was set for the Persian Wars in Ionia. Originally I...

Cosmetics
Cosmetics Cosmetics are a preparations used to change the appearance or enhance beauty of the face, skin, and hair. Like perfumes, cosmetics were probably originally used as a supplement to a religious ritual, and the ceremonial aspects were gradually lost as both men and women adorned themselves with cosmetics. Cosmetics in the Ancient World Records left by the ancient civilizations of the Middle East show a consistent use of cosmetics. The Sumarians, Babylonians, Hebrews, and Egyptians employe...

Robert Frost
Robert Frost Robert Frost gives us The Gift Outright as a representation of our earliest roots as Americans on this prized land stretching from sea to shining sea. He says that this wonderful continent is a gift that had our name on it for a long time before we claimed it. He patriotically states that it was our planned destiny to have gained freedom from British rule over the colonies. This poem which was used as the inaugural address for John F. Kennedy is essentially a national anthem that pr...

Essay 1
Essay #1 The time period referred to as the Patriarchal Age centered around the Book of Genesis. The narratives of Genesis document both the personal stories and family history of Abram, Isaac, and Jacob/Israel and his twelve sons. The pre-Exodus account of the Patriarchs traced the sojourn of Adam and his descendants from the land of Mesopotamia to their habitation of Canaan, and culminated with their eventual enslavement by the Pharaoh of Egypt. The chronological calculations recorded in the...

WHAT THE GREAT LEARNING teaches is to illustrate illustrious
WHAT THE GREAT LEARNING teaches, is to illustrate illustrious virtue; to renovate the people; and to rest in the highest excellence. The point where to rest being known, the object of pursuit is then determined; and, that being determined, a calm unperturbedness may be attained to. To that calmness there will succeed a tranquil repose. In that repose there may be careful deliberation, and that deliberation will be followed by the attainment of the desired end. Things have their root and their b...

The Mexican War
The Mexican War Mexico has been threw several wars but the one that might be most remembered is the war between Mexico and America. This was an important war because America was trying to take Mexico's land. There were several problems such as California and slavery, America's victories, and the treaties of peace. Mexico has passed the boundary of the United States, has invaded our territory and shed American blood upon American soil. War exists, and, notwithstanding all our efforts to avoid it...

Virtu and Fortuna
Virtu and Fortuna Under close scrutiny, The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli is seen to be a mind-baffling construct of many levels of meaning, and, many might say, enigmatically so. It is hard to determine where Machiavelli is writing in earnest and where in sarcasm or self-condemnation. As John Plamenatz says, the perverse Machiavelli likes to make himself out worse than he is. He likes at times to shock his contemporaries... No doubt he succeeds. The important message here, though, is that the...

Children play king of the mountain with the stronger players trying to
Children play king of the mountain with the stronger players trying to keep the weaker ones from taking possession of the top of the hill. One of Golding's many themes expressed in Lord of the Flies is power. In comparison to society, the island consists of democratic, authoritarian, and spiritual power. Sitting in a throne may give a person power, but it does not give them complete authority. Democratic power is shown when choices and decisions are shared among many. Ralph, originally from the...

LOYALTY SHOWN IN BEOWULF
LOYALTY SHOWN IN BEOWULF In the fictional story Beowulf, one of the oldest existing poems in the English language, loyalty is revealed in all aspects. Due to Gods loyal act of strength and power at an exceptional time for the Danes, Beowulf comes into existence as Scylds son. Loyalty, an act of good faith, is a quality you can cherish in everyone. Beowulfs past plays a major role in his future. Scyld, Beowulfs father, did not have a son for many years. God saw the misery that would befall th...

The Mask of Tutankhamen
The Mask of Tutankhamen The burial mask of King Tutankhamen, Egyptian pharaoh from approximately 1361-1352 BC, reveals much about his ancient culture. The people held the utmost respect for their King and took much care to prepare him for entombment. Also, the immense wealth of the country is reflected in the large amount of gold and precious jewels used in the construction of the mask. The importance of religion and the souls journey to the afterlife is clearly recognizable in various Egyptian...

121296 Brian Davis
12/12/96 Brian Davis The Odyssey (the tale of Odyseuss) Title : The Odyssey Author : Homer Other Titles : The Iliad Homer Little is known about Homer. It is believed Homer lived in Western Europe during the 8th or 9th century. In ancient times seven different cities claim to be the birthplace of Homer. Traditionally Homer was pictured as a blind man. This idea was based on Demodocus, the blind minstrel in the Odyssey. But there is no evidence. The Oydssey The Odyssey means the tale of Odyseuss. ...

Dreams have been objects of boundless fascination and mystery for huma
Dreams have been objects of boundless fascination and mystery for humankind since the beginning of time. These nocturnal vivid images seem to arise from some source other than our ordinary conscious mind. They contain a mixture of elements from our own personal identity which we recognize as familiar along with a quality of `otherness' in the dream images that carries a sense of the strange and eerie. The bizarre and nonsensical characters and plots in dreams point to deeper meanings and contai...

Done-nov29edited-dec7
done-nov29...edited-dec7 Cicero, was truly a man of the state. His writings also show us he was equally a man of philosophical temperament and affluence. Yet at times these two forces within Cicero clash and contradict with the early stoic teachings. Cicero gradually adopted the stoic lifestyle but not altogether entirely, and this is somewhat due to the fact of what it was like to be a roman of the time. The morals of everyday Rome conflicted with some of the stoic ideals that were set by earl...

Imagine living in Ancient Egypt about 3000 BC Imagine a society teemin
Imagine living in Ancient Egypt about 3,000 B.C. Imagine a society teeming with life and happiness. Imagine looking around and seeing beautiful buildings, fields of crops, and the great pyramids with their white limestone faade blazing in the sun of the midday. It would be quite the experience to have lived back then. The history of Egypt begins with the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt into one united kingdom. The first ruler under this new system was Menes. Thirty other dynasty's would f...

Rome
Rome TROY HOGGARD Mr. Terry May 25, 1997 10th grade ROME Introduction Rome also known as the ancient city was the capital of the greatest empire of the ancient world. It was a great and prosperous city that was filled with at least one million people. Many people believe that the height of the city of Rome reached its height near the time that emperor constantius the second had seen it for the first time. When he had seen all the sights such as the sanctuary of Jupiter capitolinus, the public b...

The Running of the Bulls
The Running of the Bulls The Encierro or Running of the Bulls in the single most exciting event of the Fiesta of San Fermin. The race between the mozos which are young men, and the bulls throughout the narrow streets of the Pamplona old quarter is an explosion of sounds, images, and sensations which are unique for the spectator and impossible to forget for those who run. The three minute death game has been in Pamplona since the later part of the 14th century. Although the form might be a...

Every year at the end of October and the beginning of November an anci
Every year at the end of October and the beginning of November an ancient tradition is still celebrated on the second of November. The occasion is El dia de muerto or as we would call it, The Day of the Dead. Mexicans more appropriately call it the cult of death because of the celebration's form and extent. This coincides with the Christian All Saints Day, and All Souls Day, November 1st and 2nd. People who have died in the past year are remembered, and their pictures are placed on family alt...

Nixon's Program of Detente was the Reason for the Decline of
Nixon's Program of Detente was the Reason for the Decline of World Conflict in the 1970's I. Introduction 1.China & Russia a.Communists powers, threat to world b.Arms race c.Threat to each other d. Could pressure N.Korea into peace 2.Nixon's program of detente was the reason for decline in world conflict in the 1970's II. Reasons supporting 1.Nixon improved Commie's general attitude towards U.S.& vice versa a.initiated trade b.improved relations between China and Russia c.Halt to China's isolat...

Psilocybin Mushrooms are an example of a hallucinogen They were origin
Psilocybin Mushrooms are an example of a hallucinogen. They were originally used during religious ceremonies of ancient indian tribes. This was done to expand their minds. Today, you could say that mushrooms are used to expand peoples minds, but definitely in a different way. There are many effects of using Psilocybin Mushrooms. Some are positive and some are negative. Also, the effects that psilocybin have on a person depends on how much they have had. There are quite a few minor effects on a...

On the Jews and Their Lies
On the Jews and Their Lies Part 1 by Martin Luther Translated by Martin H. Bertram I had made up my mind to write no more either about the Jews or against them. But since I learned that those miserable and accursed people do not cease to lure to themselves even us, that is, the Christians, I have published this little book, so that I might be found among those who opposed such poisonous activities of the Jews and who warned the Christians to be on their guard against them. I would not have beli...

Freud and Dreams
Freud and Dreams Dreams have been objects of boundless fascination and mystery for humankind since the beginning of time. These nocturnal vivid images seem to arise from some source other than our ordinary conscious mind. They contain a mixture of elements from our own personal identity which we recognize as familiar along with a quality of `otherness' in the dream images that carries a sense of the strange and eerie. The bizarre and nonsensical characters and plots in dreams point to deeper me...

Alexander the Great a patient and often devious man had never struck w
Alexander the Great, a patient and often devious man; had never struck without careful planning. The youthful, headstrong Alexander liked to settle problems by immediate action. Making decisions with great speed, he took extraordinary risks; his success was achieved by the amount of sheer force and drive to overcome these risks. Alexander was one of the greatest and most courageous fighters in the world. He was educated as a student by the Greek philosopher Aristotle. The philosopher imbued Ale...

Although the boundaries of law affect our lives on a daily basis and o
Although the boundaries of law affect our lives on a daily basis, and our own society continually uses legal coercion as a means to modify human behavior, the very notion of such binding human guidelines is testament to the evolution of secular thought. The evolution of legal positivism, which can be defined as tangible procedural law, created by man, codified and conventional, has emerged with mankinds ability to distinguish between secular and divine authority. To understand the difference...

One Thousand Years of Chinese Footbinding Its Origins Popularity and D
One Thousand Years of Chinese Footbinding: Its Origins, Popularity and Demise March 7, 1998 In addressing the subject of footbinding, one primary difficulty becomes apparent - that much remains within the realm of the unknowable. Any factual knowledge about the practice may only be drawn from 19th- and 20th-century writings, drawings or photographs. In addition, many of these documents represent a distinctly Western point of view, as they are primarily composed of missionary accounts and the li...

The history of medicine is like a huge puzzle and it has taken many to
The history of medicine is like a huge puzzle, and it has taken many tortuous and gruesome routes to try to fit the pieces together. It has gone from ancient myths that attempted to explain disease to the great capabilities of today's medicine. The first crude forms of medicine go back to prehistoric man. Even before man appeared on earth, disease existed in the animals that roamed here. Fossils, bones, and teeth can be used to see how prehistoric man fell to disease. Imagine a sickly man, his ...

The tales of Gullivers Travels by Jonathan Swift is a wide known story
The tales of Gullivers Travels, by Jonathan Swift, is a wide known story. For more then two and a half centuries, Gullivers Travels has been read by children for pleasure. Terry Gilliams The Adventures of Baron Munchausen is much the same. It can be compared to Gullivers Travels in many ways. The Adventures of Baron Munchausen has been given the subtitle Gulliver Revived for the following reasons; the adventures both Gulliver and Munchausen partake, political hierarchy, and satire. Th...

Name
Name: Course/Sec.: Instructor: Assignment: POETRY ESSAY: Due on Nov. 5 In Edwin Arlington Robinsons poem, Mr. Floods Party, Eben Flood is dealing with some hard times. It is the stage in life where time is catching up to the elder. When friends are passing on and daily routines dont seem as simple. Getting old is something that is natural, however in Mr. Floods Party it shows how Eben Flood refuses to let time get the best of him. He uses unique ways to deal with the loss of friends and ...

Woe be to thee O Constantinople seated on seven hills
Woe be to thee, O Constantinople, seated on seven hills, thou shall not continue a thousand years. What made the majority of people in Constantinople believe in prophecies saying that the city would not last forever and that they are doomed? In the years before the Turkish conquest it was known that the reign of anti-Christ could not long be delayed. What made the proud people and ancestors of the Roman Empire lose all hope and will to react? After withstanding 22 previous sieges, the first i...

Pompeii the ancient city of Italy found in the Campania Region built a
Pompeii the ancient city of Italy, found in the Campania Region, built at the mouth of the Sarnus River, it is located about three kilometer south of mount Vesuvius, between Herculaneum and Stabiae. The city was built around 600 b.c. by the Oscans. Which was later taken over by Samnites. It later became a Roman colony in 80 b.c. under the dictator Lucius Cornelius Sulla. Pompeii became a favorite resort for wealthy Romans and reached a population of about 20,000 at the beginning of the Christia...

Class Systems in Ancient History
Class Systems in Ancient History: Throughout all of ancient history there have been three prominent civilizations that rose and fell but offered something in common unlike any other- class systems. These historical societies were the Hindus, Egyptians and Mesopotamians. Though all from separate coordinates of the world and all forming historical and heritage differences. Commonly, they shared many of the same characteristics and significant pieces. However, as they all shared, they also all ha...

In David Hume's seminal epistemological work Section II in An
In David Hume's seminal epistemological work, Section II (in An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding), Of the Origin of Ideas, wherein David Hume outlines, with uncommon sharpness and uncanny skill, not only what he believed to be the true origin of what we call ideas, but the way we formulate them. According to Hume, little thought is truly a priori or innate. He believed that thoughts originate from impressions, or actual sensual experience, that they are simply weak echoes of these i...

DOWNFALL
DOWNFALL Caleb MacDonald I have heard insidious tales of black rains that fall on ashen fields and metal that screams. Until now I have consoled myself that these were nothing more than the delusions of some poor fevered mind. But today I met a harbinger from this desolate place, and now I fear the truth. The harbinger had been influencing my destiny even before I awoke this morning. Throughout the night my mind was haunted with the visions of a desolate land which inspired such a feeling of pu...

Carbon is one of the most important chemical elements Industry uses it
Carbon is one of the most important chemical elements. Industry uses it in a wide variety of products, and all living things are based on carbon. Without carbon, life would be impossible! Yet carbon makes up less than 0.03 percent of the earths crust. Pure carbon exists in nature in the form of diamonds, and in graphite. Both forms are pure carbon with different crystal structures. Another form of pure carbon, called amorphous carbon, consists of graphite-like particles too tiny to see without...

Hinduism
Hinduism People known as the Hindus practice Hinduism. Hinduism is practiced all over the world, including countries such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and other areas of the world. Hinduism evolved from the ancient Indo-European religion of Vedism. Hinduism has religious, social, economic, literacy, and artistic aspects. The Hindu people rely on the ancient texts, called Vedas, for religious support. Three important Hindu gods are Isuara, Siva, and Vishnu. A component of Hi...