Of In Vitro

Biochemistry Prolonged Preservation of the Heart Prior to Transplantat
Biochemistry Prolonged Preservation of the Heart Prior to Transplantat
Biochemistry - Prolonged Preservation of the Heart Prior to Transplantation Picture this. A man is involved in a severe car crash in Florida which has left him brain-dead with no hope for any kind of recovery. The majority of his vital organs are still functional and the man has designated that his organs be donated to a needy person upon his untimely death. Meanwhile, upon checking with the donor registry board, it is discovered that the best match for receiving the heart of the Florida man is
Clones 101
Clones 101
clones 101 The rapid development of the technology for cloning has led to moral debates around the world on whether or not to ban creating human clones. With the advancement of clone technology two states, California and Michigan have already banned the cloning of humans. Everybody who thought it would proceed slowly and could be stopped was wrong, said Lee Silver, a professor from the University of Princeton (McFarling 1) . . . Without proper research on behalf of the politicians of Californi
Euthenasia
Euthenasia
euthenasia The Issue of Human Cloning The recent news of the successful cloning of an adult sheep-in which the sheep's DNA was inserted into an unfertilized sheep egg to produce a lamb with identical DNA-has generated an outpouring of ethical concerns. These concerns are not about Dolly, the now famous sheep, nor even about the considerable impact cloning may have on the animal breeding industry, but rather about the possibility of cloning humans. For the most part, however, the ethical concerns
The Issue of Human Cloning
The Issue of Human Cloning
The Issue of Human Cloning The recent news of the successful cloning of an adult sheep-in which the sheep's DNA was inserted into an unfertilized sheep egg to produce a lamb with identical DNA-has generated an outpouring of ethical concerns. These concerns are not about Dolly, the now famous sheep, nor even about the considerable impact cloning may have on the animal breeding industry, but rather about the possibility of cloning humans. For the most part, however, the ethical concerns being rais
Ciprofloxacin
Ciprofloxacin
Ciprofloxacin Compound Name: Ciprofloxacin Compound Formula: C17H18FN3O3 Molar Mass: 331g in one mole of Cipro % Composition by mass: 61.6% Carbon, 5.4% Hydrogen, 5.7% Fluorine, 12.7% Nitrogen, and 14.5% Oxygen % Composition by number: 17 Carbon, 18 Hydrogen, 1 Fluorine, 3 Nitrogen, and 3 Oxygen Melting Point: 207şC (tablet) 258-260şC (IV) Type Bonding: Contains both ionic and covalent bonds. Obtained: The Ciprofloxacin compound is obtained through synthetic production. Therefore, it does not ex
Medical Testing on Animals
Medical Testing on Animals
“Medical Testing on Animals” For the past twenty years, there has been a heated ongoing debate on whether animals should be used in scientific and medical research. Vivisection is the medical term for the practice of experimenting on animals. Every year in the United States an estimated twenty to seventy million animals die in the name of research. Before they die they are usually burned, poisoned, exposed to radioactive elements such as uranium and plutonium, or inflicted with fatal and often d
Plato's Philosophy of Sex
Plato's Philosophy of Sex
Plato's Philosophy of Sex Plato was the first feminist. Only, he was concerned not with women's rights, as modern feminists are, but with their usefulness. Like a modern planner, he felt it was a waste of woman-power to seclude women in their homes, when they could be performing useful tasks in the factory or the office. Women should be used, just as men were, for the benefit of the community. There were no fundamental differences between the sexes which unfitted women from useful toil. Admitted
Is Modern Medicine A Threat To The Human Gene Pool
Is Modern Medicine A Threat To The Human Gene Pool
Is Modern Medicine A Threat To The Human Gene Pool? The human gene pool is the source of diversity between us. It is this that attributes to the 0.1% difference in DNA between you and the next person (Cohen, 2001). Competition, starvation, predators and disease among others acted as selective pressures on our ancestors and thereby pushed and pulled the gene pool in different directions. Overall, those with genes that suited the environment survived and reproduced, while those with less suited ge
In Vitro Fertilization
In Vitro Fertilization
In Vitro Fertilization IVF, also called In Vitro Fertilization is a new way of fertilizing eggs. There are specialists in this area and they specialize in reproductive physiology perform IVF in animals and humans. Those people help us get IVF, which works in several steps: 1. Retrieve the eggs and sperm from the bodies of the male (father) and the female (mother) 2. The eggs and sperm are placed together in a laboratory dish to facilitate fertilization 3. Fertilized eggs allow to develop in vitr
Adoption Project
Adoption Project
Adoption Project Agency Basics: Name: Friends of Hope Location: Clearwater, FL Ownership: Privately owned by the six founders Services: § Private adoptions of children with a specialty in frozen embryo adoption- within the US only § Also offer crisis counseling (for women who are considering giving up their children for adoption.) Employees: § 6 Founders - consisting of two lawyers and four with social work backgrounds § 2 Agency Counselors – Each went through giving up their kids for adoption a
Prolonged Preservation Of The Heart Prior To Transplantation
Prolonged Preservation Of The Heart Prior To Transplantation
Prolonged Preservation Of The Heart Prior To Transplantation Picture this. A man is involved in a severe car crash in Florida which has left him brain-dead with no hope for any kind of recovery. The majority of his vital organs are still functional and the man has designated that his organs be donated to a needy person upon his untimely death. Meanwhile, upon checking with the donor registry board, it is discovered that the best match for receiving the heart of the Florida man is a male in Orego
One can imagine lying in bed with the knowledge that they have only a
One can imagine lying in bed with the knowledge that they have only a
One can imagine lying in bed with the knowledge that they have only a week to live. This prognosis is brought on because the person needs a new heart, liver, kidney, or any other life saving organ. Now that the realization of what has transpired hits this person it is time to find an organ donor. It could be the next car crash victim or someone from the immediate family. However, the odds of finding a donor grim. Wouldn't it be nice if the technology to clone a perfectly matching organ to repla
The Cystic Fibrosis Gene
The Cystic Fibrosis Gene
The Cystic Fibrosis Gene Introduction: Cystic fibrosis is an inherited autosomal recessive disease that exerts its main effects on the digestive system and the lungs. This disease is the most common genetic disorder among Caucasians. Cystic fibrosis affects about one in 2,500 people, with one in twenty five being a heterozygote. With the use of antibiotics, the life span of a person afflicted with CF can be extended up to thirty years however, most die before the age of thirteen.1 Since so many
DNA has all the needed information to create the species from which it
DNA has all the needed information to create the species from which it
DNA has all the needed information to create the species from which it came from. DNA consists of genes which are coded messages in the DNA. These messages control the cell to be what it was intended to be for example a brain cell or a skin cell. All cells in an organism have the same exact DNA sequence unless it has been mutated. The reason why they all have the same DNA is because they all came from one cell, the embryo which replicated itself and these new daughter cells replicated themselve
Here's just a sampling of radioactive materialsand the many ways they
Here's just a sampling of radioactive materialsand the many ways they
Here's just a sampling of radioactive materials...and the many ways they improve lives. Americium -241: Used in many smoke detectors for homes and business...to measure levels of toxic lead in dried paint samples...to ensure uniform thickness in rolling processes like steel and paper production...and to help determine where oil wells should be drilled. Cadmium -109: Used to analyze metal alloys for checking stock, sorting scrap. Calcium - 47: Important aid to biomedical researchers studying the
Research in the field of embryology and genetics has exploded over the
Research in the field of embryology and genetics has exploded over the
Research in the field of embryology and genetics has exploded over the past decade. New advances about in vitro fertilization and genetic screening are leading to new procedures in which human embryo cloning will be possible in the near future. Human cloning, however, brings up many new ethical questions that will need to be addressed by the scientific community and the public before these advances can reach their full potential. Scientific advances bring social changes that many people will no
Epstein-Barr Virus
Epstein-Barr Virus
Epstein-Barr Virus The Epstein-Barr Virus can be dated back as far as 1958 when it was first associated with the description of Burkett's lymphoma in the malaria belt of east Africa. In 1964, Epstein and Barr isolated continuous cell lines from the Burkett lymphoma cells and an initial description of a herpesvirus was present in these cells. In 1968 the Epstein-Barr Virus was determined to be the etiological agent of infectious mononucleosis and in 1969 it was shown to immortalize lymphocytes i
Animal Cruelty
Animal Cruelty
Animal Cruelty Animal testing has been going on since the late nineteenth century. Over the years, billions of animals have been killed from experiments, but the amount of animals tested on “has fallen 50% since 1968” (Davis 22). With that much of a decline, I can’t imagine how many animals were once used and for what purposes. Even with the 50% decline, “the number of animals sacrificed for medical and biomedical ends in the United States each year is unknown, but certainly exceeds 60 million
MEDICAL TESTING ON ANIMALS
MEDICAL TESTING ON ANIMALS
MEDICAL TESTING ON ANIMALS Ladies and Gentlemen as you all probably know I am here to speak of animal testing and discourage the use of animals in unnecessary research done by United States and other countries. There are many new advancements in technology which could replace the old methods and offer new alternatives. Alternatives are “methods which refine existing tests by minimizing animal distress, reduce the number of animals necessary for an experiment or replace whole- animal use with in
The Issue of Human Cloning
The Issue of Human Cloning
The Issue of Human Cloning Composition II Telecourse January 20, 1999 With the recent discovery of the ability to clone an adult sheep, ignites numerous questions concerning the ethical and moral issues in light of eventually cloning a human being. The controversity surrounding the eventual possibility of cloning humans. For the most part, however, the ethical concerns being raised are exaggerated and misplaced, because they are based on erroneous views about what genes are and what they can do.
The Cystic Fibrosis Gene
The Cystic Fibrosis Gene
The Cystic Fibrosis Gene Biology - Genetics Introduction: Cystic fibrosis is an inherited autosomal recessive disease that exerts its main effects on the digestive system and the lungs. This disease is the most common genetic disorder amongst Caucasians. Cystic fibrosis affects about one in 2,500 people, with one in twenty five being a heterozygote. With the use of antibiotics, the life span of a person afflicted with CF can be extended up to thirty years however, most die before the age of thir
In Vitro Fertilization
In Vitro Fertilization
In Vitro Fertilization History of the IVF Procedure: In vitro fertilization, probably the best known and most used of the assisted reproductive technologies(ART) for well over a decade, allowed infertile couples the chance to conceive and bear children. With contemporary gain of in vitro fertilization, intense research and promising improvements, prove to show a popular growth of IVF. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), is an ART in which one or more eggs are fertilized outside a female's body. This t
Animal Cruelty
Animal Cruelty
Animal Cruelty? Animal Cruelty? How would you like it if you were used in an experiment to see if the mascara your girlfreind used was safe? And then when they were done with you, they disposed of you and killed you off as if you didn’t matter. Well that’s what is being done to animals. They are being tested on. Sometimes scientist give animals radioactive material to eat to see how fast they die. If you know that the animal is going to die, why would you do something so inhumane for no appe
Brave New World
Brave New World
Brave New World - “Brave New World” - By: Aldous Huxley Author: Aldous Huxley was born in 1894, and died in 1963. He first went to Eton, and then to Oxford. He was a brilliant man, and became a succesful writer of short stories in the twenties and thirties. He also wrote essays and novels, like 'Brave New World'. The first novels he wrote were comments on the young generation, with no goal whatsoever, that lived after WW I. Before he became the writer as we know him, he worked as a journalis
The Cystic Fibrosis Gene
The Cystic Fibrosis Gene
The Cystic Fibrosis Gene Introduction: Cystic fibrosis is an inherited autosomal recessive disease that exerts its main effects on the digestive system and the lungs. This disease is the most common genetic disorder amongst Caucasians. Cystic fibrosis affects about one in 2,500 people, with one in twenty five being a heterozygote. With the use of antibiotics, the life span of a person afflicted with CF can be extended up to thirty years however, most die before the age of thirteen.1 Since so man
Diphtheria Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Diphtheria Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae) Corynebacteria are Gram-positive, aerobic, nonmotile, rod-shaped bacteria related to the Actinomycetes. They do not form spores or branch as do the actinomycetes, but they have the characteristic of forming irregular shaped, club-shaped or V-shaped arrangements in normal growth. They undergo snapping movements just after cell division which brings them into characteristic arrangements resembling Chinese letters. The genus Corynebacterium consists of a div
Abstract from Cloning Where Do We Draw the Line
Abstract from Cloning Where Do We Draw the Line
Abstract from: Cloning : Where Do We Draw the Line? The first attempt in cloning was conducted in 1952 on a group of frogs. The experiment was a partial success. The frog cells were cloned into other living frogs however, only one in every thousand developed normally , all of which were sterile. The rest of the frogs that survived grew to abnormally large sizes. In 1993, scientist and director of the in vitro lab at George Washington University, Jerry Hall and associate Robert Stillman, reported
Current Status of Malaria Vaccinology
Current Status of Malaria Vaccinology
Current Status of Malaria Vaccinology In order to assess the current status of malaria vaccinology one must first take an overview of the whole of the whole disease. One must understand the disease and its enormity on a global basis. Malaria is a protozoan disease of which over 150 million cases are reported per annum. In tropical Africa alone more than 1 million children under the age of fourteen die each year from Malaria. From these figures it is easy to see that eradication of this disease i
Investigation of Reproduction and Development in Animals
Investigation of Reproduction and Development in Animals
Investigation of Reproduction and Development in Animals Due Date: 12/9/96 Cycles, Conception and Contraception Fertility is the condition of being fertile. The aim of contraception is to inhibit fertility in individuals, hence, slowing population growth. The system by which all female contraception must operate: the menstrual cycle. What is the menstrual cycle? and what hormones are involved in controlling it? After puberty, the female produces an egg each month. Other changes take place on a c
An End To Genetic Diseases
An End To Genetic Diseases
An End To Genetic Diseases The United States has a very diverse heritage. There is no American race. Americans are the blending of many cultures throughout many generations. With this blending of cultures comes a blending of genes. In the past, genes have not been well understood. They were not understood until Mendel did experiments on plants to find out why different plants of the same species had different characteristics. His goal was to find the key to unlock the mystery of inheritance (Cop
Cloning
Cloning
Cloning Cloning, the process of “Manipulating a cell from an animal so that it grows into an exact duplicate of that animal is the forbidden fruit of biology.” (Begley 54). The word “clone”, derived from the Greek word “Klon”, meaning twig or slip, refers to asexual reproduction. Also known as vegetative reproduction. Cloning became known to the public about 30 years ago. This idea of cloning about his time resulted in an experiment of the successful asexual reproduction. This experiment took pl
Gene Manipulation
Gene Manipulation
Gene Manipulation Throughout time, man has always questioned science. Man has been curious about life, space, our bodies, and our existence. Man has gone as far as to the moon, and cloning. Everyday there are new developments being researched. Along with these developments come the people’s opinion. Many people question the positive outcomes and negative outcomes of procedures such as gene manipulation, cloning, in vitro fertilization and fetal tissue implants. To this day, scientists are resear
Hhv-8
Hhv-8
Hhv-8 “Human Herpes Virus-8 (HHV-8) and Kaposi’s Sarcoma (KS)” Human herpes virus (HHV-8) poses a challenging task for researchers determining its role in Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS). People with KS are distinguished by their placement in four categories. The first category consists of elderly males of Mediterranean or Eastern European Jewish descent. The second category consists of individuals of all ages from Africa. Neither one of these categories is associated with immune deficiency or known envir
Issues Of Human Cloning
Issues Of Human Cloning
Issues Of Human Cloning The Issue of Human Cloning The recent news of the successful cloning of an adult sheep-in which the sheep's DNA was inserted into an unfertilized sheep egg to produce a lamb with identical DNA-has generated an outpouring of ethical concerns. These concerns are not about Dolly, the now famous sheep, nor even about the considerable impact cloning may have on the animal breeding industry, but rather about the possibility of cloning humans. For the most part, however, the eth
Permeability of Hydrophilic
Permeability of Hydrophilic
Permeability of Hydrophilic Supervisors: Vladan Milovic Professor Per Artursson SUMMARY Investigations of the integrity and transport characteristics of 2/4/A1 cells have been done in this report. The cell line was isolated from rat fetal intestinal epithelial cells and transfected with thermolabile SV40 large T antigen. These cells proliferated at 33 °C, but eliminated the antigen and ceased proliferating at a non-permissive temperature (39°C). At 39°C 2/4/A1 cells started to differentiate but
Cloning, is it right?
Cloning, is it right?
cloning cloning, is it right?: The successful cloning of an adult sheep, announced in Scotland this past February, is one of the most dramatic recent examples of a scientific discovery becoming a public issue. During the last few months, various commentators -- scientists and theologians, physicians and legal experts, talk-radio hosts and editorial writers -- have been busily responding to the news, some calming fears, other raising alarms about the prospect of cloning a human being. -=-=-=-=-=
Birht Control or Legal Murder
Birht Control or Legal Murder
Birht Control or Legal Murder Birth Control or Legal Murder? Approximately 1.6 million murders are committed legally each year. With the exception of laws in few states, the mutilated bodies of the victims are thrown into dumpsters like pieces of rotten meat. While these victims lay waiting in the infested dumpsters to be hauled off to a landfill, the murderers are in their offices waiting for their next patient--the accomplice to the murder. This is the murder of an innocent child by a procedu
Aiyar SE T Gaal and RL Gourse 2002 rRNA promoter activity in
Aiyar SE T Gaal and RL Gourse 2002 rRNA promoter activity in
Aiyar, S.E., T. Gaal, and R.L. Gourse. 2002. rRNA promoter activity in the fast growing bacterium Vibrio natriegens.J. Bacteriol. 184, 1349-1354 The bacterium Vibrio natriegens can double with a generation time of less than 10 min (R. G. Eagon, J. Bacteriol. 83:736-737, 1962), a growth rate that requires an extremely high rate of protein synthesis. We show here that V. natriegens' high potential for protein synthesis results from an increase in ribosome numbers with increasing growth rate, as h
Wendy Lugo
Wendy Lugo
Wendy Lugo English 0373.08 June 24, 2004 Essay #5 Human cloning Many people have already heard about the first cloned sheep. It was a breakthrough to the whole world. Many scientists saw the benefits lying ahead for humankind. With this discovery, the possibility of human cloning was speculated. Many governments were eager to ban human cloning. To ban the research will just push it underground and into unscrupulous hands Human cloning and its technology are necessary and should be continued b
Lindsey Hultman
Lindsey Hultman
Lindsey Hultman 9939105 PHIL 102 A Homework 2 Matt Ridley and Genetic Engineering In his article title The New Eugenics, addressing the regulation of genetic engineering, Matt Ridley presents three arguments against restrictive policies, and then responds to what he deems to be the fallacy of each. Although his final conclusion is one I agree with, his arguments seem shallow, vague, and do not do a very good job supporting his opinion. One objection to the genetic engineering of humans that R
Surrogacy
Surrogacy
Surrogacy By Heather Guntalilib English 140 Abstract Surrogacy gives the opportunity for infertile women and gay couples to become parents and raise children of their own. There are two types of surrogacy, traditional and gestational. There are many steps and risks involved. This can be easily avoided through adoption. There are so many children that need a family. Adopting a child that needs to be loved and cared for is the better option rather than surrogacy. Surrogacy Becoming a parent is a