Monastery

Monasticism in the Middle Ages
Monasticism in the Middle Ages
Monasticism in the Middle Ages During the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the monasteries served as one of the great civilizing forces by being the centers of education, preservers of learning, and hubs of economic development. Western monasticism was shaped by Saint Benedict of Nursia, who in 529, established a monastery in southern Italy. He created a workable model for running a monastery that was used by most western monastic orders of the Early Middle Ages. To the three vows of obedience
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism Buddhism is one of the major religions of the world it was founded by Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, who lived in northern India from c.560 to c.480 BC. The time of the Buddha was a time of social and religious change, the development of trade and cities, the breakdown of old tribal traditions, and the rise of many new religious movements that answered the demands of the times. These movements came from the Brahmanic tradition of Hinduism but were also reactions against it. Of the new
Charlemagne
Charlemagne
Charlemagne History 101 - Fast Forward Fall 1996 PREPARED BY: SUBMITTED: September 30, 1996 Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, King of the Franks (742-814), was a strong leader who unified Western Europe through military power and the blessing of the Church. His belief in the need for education among the Frankish people was to bring about religious, political, and educational reforms that would change the history of Europe. Charlemagne was born in 742 at Aachen, the son of Pepin(or Pippin) the
MARTIN LUTHER
MARTIN LUTHER
MARTIN LUTHER Martin Luther was a German theologian and religious reformer, who started the Protestant Reformation, and whose vast influence during his time period made him one of the crucial figures in modern European history. Luther was born in Eisleben on November 10, 1483 and was descended from the peasantry, a fact that he often stressed. Hans Luther, his father, was a copper miner. Luther received a sound primary and secondary education at Mansfeld, Magdeburg, and Eisenach. In 1501, at th
Thomas Cahill opens his story describing Romes fall For as the Roman E
Thomas Cahill opens his story describing Romes fall For as the Roman E
Thomas Cahill opens his story describing Rome’s fall, “For as the Roman Empire fell, as all through Europe matted, unwashed barbarians descended on the Roman cities, looting artifacts and burning books, the Irish who were just learning to read and write, took up the just labor of copying all of western literature - everything they could get their hands on. These scribes then served as conduits through which Greco-Roman and Judeo-Christian cultures were transmitted to the tribes of Europe, newly
CHARACTERIZATION
CHARACTERIZATION
CHARACTERIZATION The main characters of DostoevskyÕs novel The Brothers Karamazov are, as the title suggests, the members of the Karamazov Òfamily,Ó if it can indeed be called such. The only things that the members of this family share are a name and the ÒKaramazov curse,Ó a legacy of base impulses and voluptuous lust. References to this tendency towards immorality are sprinkled heavily throughout the novel; phrases such as Òa brazen brow and a Karamazov conscience,Ó Òvoluptuary streak,Ó and ÒK
The Literary Contributions of King Alfred the Great
The Literary Contributions of King Alfred the Great
The Literary Contributions of King Alfred the Great Our understanding of the literary achievements of King Alfred depend very much upon what we believe about his early education. If we are content to accept the stories of Asser, the famous biographer of Alfred, that he reached his twelfth birthday before he learned to read (Keynes 75), then we must reckon his literary career as a phenomenon which can only be described, not explained. Or, if that is not satisfactory, we may compare him in his ad
Rasputin
Rasputin
Rasputin The way a person lives his life and his religious beliefs can greatly affect history and the well being of a nation. A life of stealing and lying can kill you and destroy a nation, while leading a Godly life will keep you and everyone around you protected. Rasputin, in both his distorted religious beliefs and lifestyle, not only got himself killed, but changed the history of Russia and the world forever. Rasputin was born Grigory Yefimovich Novykh in 1872, to a Siberian family, in the
Perfectly Imperfect The Shakespeare Story
Perfectly Imperfect The Shakespeare Story
Perfectly Imperfect: The Shakespeare Story Few authors today write with such universal understanding that their works will be popular with all types of people, and so successfully that their work survives centuries. These authors posses qualities we can seldom identify in their lifetimes. Yet we do know this -- William Shakespeare was one of them. William Shakespeare’s parents were John Shakespeare and Mary Arden. John Shakespeare was born in 1529. His father was a small tenant farmer in Snit
If I were asked who my favourite Western Zen philosopher was without a
If I were asked who my favourite Western Zen philosopher was without a
If I were asked who my favourite Western Zen philosopher was, without any hesitation, I would declare it to be Henry David Thoreau. Although he knew in translation the religious writings of the Hindus, it may be unlikely that Henry David Thoreau ever studied the teachings of the Zen Masters. Even then, the insight within his own personal writings would irrefutably make him master of his own temple. The wisdom found within Thoreau's Walden can be clarified through Zen Buddhist beliefs and ideas
The great advantage of having an ancestry like that of a mongrel dog
The great advantage of having an ancestry like that of a mongrel dog
The great advantage of having an ancestry like that of a mongrel dog is I have so many ancestral homes to go home to. UNDER THE SPELL A travel tale by Danny O’brien We caught the ferry from Le Havre, France to Ireland, land of my ancestors. Every since I was a wee lad, my mind has been used as a canvas by every Irishman who has been displaced from the Emerald Isle. A picture of quaintness bordering upon myth. Cute I thought it would be, but never as much as the tourist hype I had read. I donn
Impact Of The Renaissance
Impact Of The Renaissance
Impact Of The Renaissance The impact of the Renaissance on Europe Jacob Burckhardt best describes the renaissance as the prototype of the modern world, for it was the period between the fourteenth and fifteenth century in Italy, when the base of modern civilisation was formed. It was mainly through the revival of ancient learning that new scientific values first began to overthrow traditional religious beliefs. People started to accept a new rational and objective approach to reality and most im
St Anthony the Hermit and St Catherine of Siena according to their res
St Anthony the Hermit and St Catherine of Siena according to their res
St. Anthony the Hermit and St. Catherine of Siena, according to their respective biographers St. Athanasius the Great and Raymundus De Vineis, believed in following the footsteps of Jesus Christ. Although both focus on different types of examples, Athanasius and Vineis both agreed that a saint must not give in to his/her temptations and must have the power to perform miracles. However, Athanasius’ definition of the social consciousness of a saint was almost completely opposite of Vineis’. Athan
5 page report on buddhism
5 page report on buddhism
5 page report on buddhism To begin this report, I will relate the story of the Buddha. Once a king had a son, his wife dying during labor. The child’s name was Siddartha (meaning all wishes fulfilled) Gautama. As the boy grew up, there was a hermit who lived near the castle who saw a shimmering about the castle grounds. Taking this as an omen, the hermit went to the castle. When he saw Siddartha, he foretold that if Siddartha stayed in the palace until he was an adult, he would be a great ruler
Critical Lens Hamlet and Luther
Critical Lens Hamlet and Luther
Critical Lens: Hamlet and Luther In many novels, plays, and works of literature, the hero is brought falls as a result of error in judgement or some other flaw. The audience feels the appropriate emotions such as pity or fear for the hero. One work I have read that supports this statement is Hamlet by William Shakespeare in which the hero is Hamlet himself. Another character that experiences falls because of flawed judgement is Martin Luther from the drama Luther by John Osborn. In Hamlet, the
England Latin Anglia political division of the island of Great Britain
England Latin Anglia political division of the island of Great Britain
England (Latin Anglia), political division of the island of Great Britain, constituting, with Wales, the principal division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England occupies all of the island east of Wales and south of Scotland, another division of the United Kingdom. Established as an independent monarchy many centuries ago, England in time achieved political control over the rest of the island, all the British Isles, and vast sections of the world, becoming the nuc
In recent times there have been few ideas of such compelling force as
In recent times there have been few ideas of such compelling force as
In recent times, there have been few ideas of such compelling force as the concept of World Heritage. There are places in nature and culture with a value and importance reaching far across geographical and political boundaries and becoming a heritage of the world in general. This promising idea was taken up by an International Convention of the Unesco in 1972. Today over 100 countries have joined it. This Convention does not only strengthen the idea that all countries should make the defence of
During the early Middle Ages Europe was undergoing various changes and
During the early Middle Ages Europe was undergoing various changes and
During the early Middle Ages, Europe was undergoing various changes and development in its recovery from the fall of Rome. Medieval civilization developed due to the fall of Rome through the integration of Greco-Roman, Christian and Germanic elements. As medieval society grew and changed, several different communities were established. Three such communities were the feudal community, the monastic community and the intellectual community. Medieval communities exhibited a bias against women whic
Gregor Mendel was an Austrian monk whose experimental work became
Gregor Mendel was an Austrian monk whose experimental work became
Gregor Mendel was an Austrian monk, whose experimental work became the steeping stones for the field of heredity,today. Mendel was born on July 22, 1822, to a poor family in Heinzendorf (which is now Hyncice, Czech Republic). He entered the Augustinian monastery at Brünn (which is now Brno, Czech Republic), which was known as a center of learning and scientific research. He later became a teacher at the technical school in Brünn. There Mendel became interested in investigating variation, heredi
Introduction
Introduction
Introduction Throughout history, there have been many good and bad rulers, from the bravery of Alexander the Great, to the madness of George III. None, however, helped shape European feudalism like Charlemagne, King of the Franks, First of the Holy Roman Emperors. His advancements in government were not his only advancements though. He created an educational system for his people. While far behind the public and private educational systems of today, in the 8th and 9th century, it was a start. H
Most films even the excellent ones fit squarely into an existing tradi
Most films even the excellent ones fit squarely into an existing tradi
Most films, even the excellent ones, fit squarely into an existing tradition of cinema. You have seen the same sort of thing before, even though the approach and many aspects of the film are novel. Once in a great while, more often for adventurous movie-goers than for those who see only Hollywood films, you come across something that is really new and different. Even less often, it is new, different, and good. Such a film is like a revelation. The first Kubrick movie one sees, or the first Tark
The Hospital Context
The Hospital Context
The Hospital Context Art and the World II Grunewald’s Isenheim altarpiece is an extraordinary work of art, expressive and dramatic. And Hayum’s impressive book tries to explain the original context of Grunewald’s German Renaissance masterpiece in order to help the reader to understand and appreciate it in terms of the particular needs and circumstances of its creation. The first chapter of the book looks at the hospital context of the altarpiece, and illuminates themes of dire illness and miracu
A Mapmakers Dream
A Mapmakers Dream
A Mapmakers Dream Beginning this book one might think that it is the ruminations of a common cartographer. Quickly as the chapters flip by one finds a learned scholar and also spiritual sage in this cartographer. Fra Mauro's world is within his quarters at San Muchele di Murano's monastery. He was frequented by explorers whose transient existence embraced the lands and peoples of distant places. Hearing of the monk's vision of a map that encompassed all of the world and its essences, these explo
17th Century Soap Operas
17th Century Soap Operas
17th Century Soap Operas At the beginning of the seventeenth century, England went through some drastic changes. Queen Elizabeth died in 1603 after reigning for half a century, and her death effectively changed the entire social and economic make-up of England. The majority of her reign was characterized by civility, prosperity, and her complete control of the nation. After her death, James Stuart of Scotland inherited the throne, and he could not have been more different from his predecessor. W
History Men
History Men
History Men M edici, Lorenzo de: From Italy during the Renaissance. The Medici’s riches gained them political control in Florence. They established one of the first public libraries in Europe. The most notable and most generous patron of the Medici family was Lorenzo de Medici, called “Il Magnifico”. Italian Humanist Writers P etrarch, Francesco: (1304 – 1374) From Italy. Known as the “Father of Humanism”. He was the son of a Florentine merchant. As a youth, he followed his father’s wishes and e
Asian Philosophies of Critical Thinking EXTENDED ESSAYAsian Philosophi
Asian Philosophies of Critical Thinking EXTENDED ESSAYAsian Philosophi
Asian Philosophies of Critical Thinking EXTENDED ESSAYAsian Philosophies of Critical Thinking: divergent or convergent to western establishments? MAY 2003 AbstractThe research question of this extended essay came across at a very early stage in my life. Having been born and developed from a family with all its members being University instructors and professors, I was often involved in arguments related to the lack of critical thinking in Asian cultures. As I got older, having had the chance to
1 Who was the Buddha
1 Who was the Buddha
1. Who was the Buddha? 1.1. Early Life of Luxury Siddharta Gautama, better known as the Buddha, was a prince of India who was born in Nepal and was heir to the thrown of the Sakya tribe of the Gautama clan. He was born, not for the first time, in 566BC. His first name means “goal reached and was commonly known as Gautama or Sakyamuni, the “wise man of the Sakya”. His father was told be a sage at Sakyamuni’s birth the “If he remains at home, the child will become a great King. If he leaves, he wi
Does God Exist
Does God Exist
Does God Exist? Introduction We live in a world where millions doubt the existence of God: a world of science and technology in which people only accept what they can prove. Why do these people doubt him and why do others believe so fervently? People have many varied reasons in believing in God. Some need the faith as a comfort to help them in times of loneliness or sadness. For others it gives a sense of purpose or perhaps a pattern on how to live their lives. However for the majority it is an
Guo Xi Wenren Painter
Guo Xi Wenren Painter
Guo Xi: Wenren Painter Essay Question #2 November 17, 2003 Guo Xi is an important figure when comparing the scholars of the Song that use the mountain motif. Guo Xi’s exceptional ability to relate emotional mountain scenes to the ideals of Neo-Confucianism and represent the Emperor Shenzong adequately is amazing. He uses many images to convey man’s quest for li, the principal of the Way of Heaven in the paintings. Specifically in his painting titled “Early Spring” does Guo Xi inspire an instant
Charlemagne
Charlemagne
Charlemagne Charlemagne was born around 742 in Aachen, a city in the Frankish kingdom of Austrasia, located in what is now Germany. His real name was Charles, he wasn't called Charlemagne, which is from the Latin Carolus Magnus, until after his death. His father, Pepin or Pippin III, was elected king of the Frankish Empire when Charlemagne was a child. The king was nicknamed Pepin the Short, while his wife, Charlemagne's mother Bertrada, was nicknamed Bertha of the Big Foot, or Queen Goosefoot.
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism o What is the understanding of the nature of god that is characteristic of this religion? While many people believe Buddha is a type of god, according to most Buddhists this is not true. The Theravadhians, who claim to be the original Buddhists, are certain that Buddha claimed he did not want to be seen as a god. Terry Lovat, author of Studies in Religion states, ‘(The Theravadhians) even claim that the Buddha explicitly told his followers not to believe in any gods. If they believe in
Saint Anthony
Saint Anthony
Saint Anthony I choose Saint Anthony of grave diggers to be my saint of choice. I chose Saint Anthony because he was a very noble figure. Saint Anthony lived the life of a peasant, after he fully accepted to give all of his belongings away, Because even though Saint Anthony had it all for him he was willing enough to give it all away this truly intrigues me that someone would do something like that to get closer to God. Another reason I chose Saint Anthony is because it was the saint my grandfat
Dark Secrets of Medieval Christianity
Dark Secrets of Medieval Christianity
Dark Secrets of Medieval Christianity THE 1000 Assignment #2 05/15/04 As we all know throughout the history of human kind, there have always been facts and actions that are usually disgraceful or unflattering for the people who were involved. These facts and actions usually remain untold or overall are not seen in your average history book, or they are hushed up or even just forgotten with time. Even though these people might have had the best interests or motives at heart, things some times tur
The Pali Canon compared to the Agamas
The Pali Canon compared to the Agamas
The Pali Canon compared to the Agamas In addition to the Tripitaka of the Pali Canon from Sri Lanka, there are also numerous texts from other Theravada schools still in existence. A comparison with these texts sheds some light on how the canon emerged from the huge collection of teachings which were transmitted verbally. The Pali Canon is the best preserved by far but there are some advantages to the other Theravada scriptures. These other scriptures are generally called the ‘Agamas’, although p
One of the dominant religions in the continent of Asia is Buddhism Bud
One of the dominant religions in the continent of Asia is Buddhism Bud
One of the dominant religions in the continent of Asia is Buddhism. Buddhism first emerged in India in the sixth century as an attempt to reform Hinduism, and after the second century A.D., left India, and became the major religion of South Asia. One of the southern areas where Buddhism is practised, is in the small Himalayan country of Nepal. The division of Buddhism followed there is that of the Northern School, which is known as the Mahayana meaning The Great Vehicle. The Himalayan people
How did the work of the saints
How did the work of the saints
How did the work of the saints affect the people of the time? The work of the saints affected the people of that time in incredible ways and in some instances there work is still affecting us now. In the following essay there will be various Saints listed with there accomplishments and brief description of there past. One of the more popular Saints of our time, was Saint Nicholas, who became a Christian prelate that lived in the late 4th century. Patron saint of Russia, traditionally associated
Bede the Venerable
Bede the Venerable
Bede the Venerable Bede the Venerable was a very important figure in history. He made many significant contributions to the English language. Bede was born in Northumbria England in 673. When he was a young boy at age 7 his relatives sent him to the new monastery at Wearmouth-Jarrow. Bede was a very bright student. The canon law had forbid men under the age of 25 being ordained as beacons, but Bede showed outstanding learning and holiness and was ordained at age 19 (Thompson, 11). Later in 1703
The Vikings
The Vikings
The Vikings Viking History The Vikings were a group of Scandinavian raiders that were around from about the 8th century to the 11th. They mainly attacked the British Islands , the Frankish empire, England, but they also plundered places such as the Iberian peninsula and northern Africa. Vikings did not always settle into the places that they found, for instance after exploring North America they left the place never to return again. Even so, after landing on Greenland they colonized themselves
Dear Sara
Dear Sara
Dear Sara, Hey there! How are you? I haven’t see you in a while. Well as you probably have hear, a lot has gone on since you last saw me. Things have changed a lot. Mostly for the better, but still there were some for the worse. As you remember I hope, I am an artisan which makes me unfortunately part of the third estates general. Several years ago, the king did a really smart thing and started to tax the nobles and clergy.. (finally!!) and so they weren’t real happy. I mean just because the ki
Dylan Valade
Dylan Valade
Dylan Valade AH 101-57 15 Oct. 1998 Dr. Koch I. A religious basis is one of the few similarities Gothic cathedrals and Greek temples share. The enormous size and intricate details of each building show the city's wealth, power, and pride. The interior of Gothic cathedrals depends on natural light while it's the exterior of Greek temples that benefits from sunlight. Temples and cathedrals serve mainly to present a physical way for people to feel more spiritual. These buildings served as places o
Philip II was a key figure in Spanish history His
Philip II was a key figure in Spanish history His
Philip II was a key figure in Spanish history. His reign was the beginning of the end of Spain’s power. The most outstanding contribution of Philip II was his construction of the Spanish Armada even though its efforts failed. Even though Spain and England were officially at peace with each other they still had bad feelings for each other. Spain had been taking gold and silver from land that they had claimed in the Americas and England wanted them to share the wealth. Philip II did not give Quee
Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
1 Adolf Hitler In any accounting of the millennium's monsters, first place must go to the ruler who made genocide a multinational industry-Adolf Hitler. The scale of enterprise boggles the mind: freight trains carrying Jews to human stockyards from across Nazi-occupied Europe; victims worked to death, shot, or gassed; corpses incinerated or processed into soap; gold teeth harvested for the coffers of the Reich (Time 123). How and why Adolf Hitler became the man that changed the meaning of sla
In Chaucers Canterbury Tales there are short descriptions written abou
In Chaucers Canterbury Tales there are short descriptions written abou
In Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales there are short descriptions written about each of the characters in the story. The knight has had a very busy life as his fighting career has taken him to a great many places. He has seen military service in Egypt, Lithuania, Prussia, Russia, Spain, North Africa, and Asia Minor where he was of [great] value in all eyes. Even though he has had a very successful and busy career, he is extremely humble: Chaucer maintains that he is modest as a maid. Moreover, he h
Hamlets problem is his delay in killing the king Hamlets delay in kill
Hamlets problem is his delay in killing the king Hamlets delay in kill
Hamlet’s problem is his delay in killing the king. Hamlet’s delay in killing his uncle, the king, is the action on which the entire play depends. His delay makes his appearance as a deeply troubled man with many sides to his character. Revenge and moral thought are brought upon Hamlet simultaneously. He cannot act upon a situation immediately because his great intelligence provides him with many solutions. Frye says, “Hamlet analyzes virtually every alternative which would have occurred to a th
BLAISE PASCAL
BLAISE PASCAL
BLAISE PASCAL (1623­1662) Blaise Pascal was born in France in 1623. He was the third child and only son of Etienne Pascal. His mother died when he was a baby, so Blaise was raised and educated at home by his father. His father decided that he did not want Blaise to study mathematics before he turned 15 and got rid of all of the math books in their house. However, Blaise was very interested in mathematics and started to work on geometry by himself at the age of 12. At the age of 14, Blaise start
Katherina Von Bora
Katherina Von Bora
Katherina Von Bora Name of Person: Katherina Von Bora Born: January 29, 1499 Died: December 20, 1552 A simple life, following the word of the Lord, was all this homely little girl, who grew up to be become a nun, knew in life until she met and married one of history’s most influential religious figures, Martin Luther. She came from a small town of Lippendorf in the district of Meissen. Her father, Hans Von Bora was a nobleman of little means. She had three brothers that lived out their lives in
Futuristic Definitude
Futuristic Definitude
Futuristic Definitude Walter Miller's A Canticle for Leibowitz has been hailed as a representation of the long future of mankind as a recapitulation of its own long past. Milan Kundera claims that kitsch is the passing off of thoughtless concepts as art, and that the non-thought of received ideas can be very misleading. In my opinion, these two ideologies, while taught together, conflict harshly in practice and cloud the issue of whether or not we can ever become modern. For centuries mankind
Saint Kevin of Glendalough
Saint Kevin of Glendalough
Saint Kevin of Glendalough ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Saint Kevin was 120 years old when he died in AD 617. He loved animals and he was very kind to them, but he didn't like people very much. When he was a young man, he decided that he wanted to do nothing but live alone and think about God. He left his parents' home in Cualu near Dublin and walked over the Wicklow Hills until he came to a beautiful, deserted cul-de-sac glen called Glendalough, whic
Leonardo Da Vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci Leonardo Da Vinci is one of the greatest and most ingenious men that history has produced. His contributions in the areas of art, science, and humanity are still among the most important that a single man has put forth, definitely making his a life worth knowing. Da Vinci, born on April 15, 1452, is credited as a master painter, sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist. He was born a child to Catherina, a peasant girl. His father was Ser Piero da Vinci, a public
The Romans were the first true force to convert to Christianity During
The Romans were the first true force to convert to Christianity During
The Romans were the first true force to convert to Christianity. During their reign they would conquer and command heathen tribes into obeying this new found religion. However, the Roman Empire would decay, disappear and then it was left to another group to take over. The Irish would eventually become a driving force behind Christianity; peaceably converting and forming new ideas and thought behind the religion itself. Thus, the Irish unknowingly save civilization. To put things in perspective,