Metaphysics

Philosophy
Philosophy
Philosophy When I was born, I did not know the difference between right and wrong. Now, I do. The word philosophy means the love of knowledge. One type of knowledge is propter quid, which ask the question why or how. In this paper, I will demonstrate how Socrates, Hume and Aristotle, three well known philosophers, would explain how I acquired this knowledge in relation to the principles of right and wrong. Socrates is the first philosopher, I will discuss. Since Socrates did not write anything
The Life of Aristotle
The Life of Aristotle
The Life of Aristotle When Plato died in 347 bc, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hermias (died 345 bc), was ruler. There he counseled Hermias and married his niece and adopted daughter, Pythias. After Hermias was captured and executed by the Persians, Aristotle went to Pella, the Macedonian capital, where he became the tutor of the king's young son Alexander, later known as Alexander the Great. In 335, when Alexander became king, Aristotle returned to Athe
Mill and Kants theories
Mill and Kants theories
Mill and Kants theories Get Essays - Essay Search - Submit Essays - Request Essays - Essay Links - FAQ Compare Mill and Kant's ethical theories; which makes a better societal order? John Stuart Mill (1808-73) believed in an ethical theory known as utilitarianism. There are many formulation of this theory. One such is, Everyone should act in such a way to bring the largest possibly balance of good over evil for everyone involved. However, good is a relative term. What is good? Utilitarians disa
Aristotle vs Copernicus
Aristotle vs Copernicus
Aristotle vs. Copernicus Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist, who shared with Plato the distinction of being the most famous of ancient philosophers. Aristotle was born at Stagira, in Macedonia, the son of a physician to the royal court. At the age of 17, he went to Athens to study at Plato's Academy. He remained there for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher. When Plato died in 347 bc , Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hermias (d.
Greek literature
Greek literature
Greek literature GREEK LITERATURE. The great British philosopher-mathematician Alfred North Whitehead once commented that all philosophy is but a footnote to Plato . A similar point can be made regarding Greek literature as a whole. Over a period of more than ten centuries, the ancient Greeks created a literature of such brilliance that it has rarely been equaled and never surpassed. In poetry, tragedy, comedy, and history, Greek writers created masterpieces that have inspired, influenced, and
When Plato died in 347 bc Aristotle moved to Assos a city in Asia Mino
When Plato died in 347 bc Aristotle moved to Assos a city in Asia Mino
When Plato died in 347 bc, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hermias (died 345 bc), was ruler. There he counseled Hermias and married his niece and adopted daughter, Pythias. After Hermias was captured and executed by the Persians, Aristotle went to Pella, the Macedonian capital, where he became the tutor of the king's young son Alexander, later known as Alexander the Great. In 335, when Alexander became king, Aristotle returned to Athens and established his
Plato vs. aristotle
Plato vs. aristotle
Plato vs. aristotle Plato and Aristotle, two philosophers in the 4th century, hold polar views on politics and philosophy in general. This fact is very cleverly illustrated by Raphael's School of Athens (1510-11; Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican), where Plato is portrayed looking up to the higher forms; and Aristotle is pointing down because he supports the natural sciences. In a discussion of politics, the stand point of each philosopher becomes an essential factor. It is not coincidental that
Philosophy originated from the Greek language It is made up of two wor
Philosophy originated from the Greek language It is made up of two wor
Philosophy originated from the Greek language. It is made up of two words: philein which means to love and sophia which means wisdom. There are three fundamental questions in the field of philosophy which are referred to as the Existential Concerns. What can I know?, What ought I to do?, What is the meaning of life and my place in the universe? These complex questions are discussed in the basic areas of philosophy. Epistemology is the theory of knowledge. The major question in this ar
ABBREVIATION IN ENGLISH
ABBREVIATION IN ENGLISH
ABBREVIATION IN ENGLISH An abbreviation is a shorter way to write a word or phrase. People use abbreviations for words that they write a lot. The English language often uses the apostrophe mark ' to show that a word is written in a shorter way, but some abbreviations do not use this mark. Some abbreviations use the period mark, especially the ones that come from the Latin language. Some examples of common English abbreviations are don't for do not , shouldn't for should not , etc. for et cetera
Freedom
Freedom
Freedom ENG 111 The Greek philosopher Epictetus wrote, “No man is free who is not master of himself.” I can relate to this quote because of personal experiences and through books I have read about the concept of freedom. Personally, I have been able to experience this wisdom first hand. Freedom is the opposite of being enslaved or held down against ones will, desires or actions. One must be free to live, think and act as one wants in order to be a “master of oneself.” One must be in control of o
George Bernard Shaw Socialist and Playwright
George Bernard Shaw Socialist and Playwright
George Bernard Shaw: Socialist and Playwright EN 319 20 September 2004 George Bernard Shaw's power as a dramatist is directly linked to his work as a socialist both before and during his work as a playwright. It is because these two forces are so inextricably tied that a working knowledge of both his socialist ideals and his ideas concerning the theatrical process is not only useful, but on some levels necessary for an adequate understanding of his meaning in each. Shaw himself knew this, and he
Voltarie
Voltarie
Voltarie French philosopher, historian, dramatist and man of letters, whose real name was Francois Marie Arouet simply, was born on the 1st of November 1694 at Paris, and was baptized the next day. His father was Francois Arouet, a notary; his mother was Marie Marguerite Daumart or D'Aumard. Both father and mother were of Poitevin extraction, but the Arouets had been for two generations established in Paris, the grandfather being a prosperous tradesman. The family appear to have always belonged
Plato
Plato
Plato Plato, the philosopher, centered his thoughts around the soul, which to him was the principal of life and movement. The immortal wisdom of Plato, is the guidance in which ethical theory and philosophy take root. His mentor was the great philosopher, Socrates. Plato, took the Socratic point of view and developed his main philosophy, which was the philosophy of the soul. THE LIFE OF PLATO Early Life Plato was born in 427 B.C.E. into a wealthy family that was both aristocratic and politically
Some Quotes Used to Establish Hitler's Christianity
Some Quotes Used to Establish Hitler's Christianity
Some Quotes Used to Establish Hitler's Christianity The Internet is awash with many quotes from Hitler that could be used in support of the idea that he considered himself Christian, or thought he was acting in accord with God's will, or something like that. I have collected a number of such citations myself. But bear in mind that these are mostly public sayings, so you have to be careful about how much you trust them. A good one is this from Mein Kampf: Hence today I believe that I am acting in
John Locke
John Locke
John Locke: An Historical Analysis of His Thought and Life Intro to Church History Dec. 10/99 Box #260 John Locke (1632-1704) is perhaps one of the most influential philosophers the world has ever seen. His writings became the basis of the eighteenth century enlightenment reason. Basil Willey describes Locke’s influence as such, “Locke stands at the end of the seventeenth century, and at the beginning of the eighteenth; his work is at once a summing-up of seventeenth century conclusions and the
The Metaethics of
The Metaethics of
The Metaethics of Ayn Rand and Objectivism Foundations of Ethics January 2001 Table of Contents o Introduction ……………………………………………….. p. 3-5 Early Ayn Rand …………………………………… p. 5-6 Literary Period ………………………….…………. p. 7-8 Philosophical Period ……………………………… p. 8-9 o Metaethics ………………………………………………… p.9-10 Existence as Primary …………..……....………… p. 10-11 Animate vs. Inanimate Objects ………………….. p. 11-13 Life and Value ………………….…………………. p. 13-14 Fact and Value: The Randian Synthesis ………... p. 15-17 The Rationa
THE LIFE OF PLATO
THE LIFE OF PLATO
THE LIFE OF PLATO Plato was born in 427 B.C. into a wealthy family that was both aristocratic and politically influential. His family had a rich history of political connections and consisted of his parents, Ariston and Perictione, his older brothers Adeimantus and Glawcon, and later a younger sister, Potone. “In keeping with his family heritage, Plato was destined for the political life”(Beavers and Planeaux). During Platos early years he was instructed by eminent teachers in grammar, music, a
The Ontology of Gay and Queer
The Ontology of Gay and Queer
The Ontology of Gay and Queer Homosexuality: History, Politics, Ethics April /2001 Table of Contents Introduction………………………………………………….. p. 2-4 Definitions and Genealogy of Homosexuality……………… p. 5- Genealogy of Ontology………………………………………. p. Coming Out of the Closet: Conversion and Inaugeration or Integration……….. p. Genetic Ontology, Social Artifice and Orientations………... p. Conclusion: The Sexual Tower of Babel and Politics of Ontology………………………………. p. -Introduction- In recent years, the gay commu
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder 4 March, 2001Thesis Rough Draft Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is characterized by a preoccupation with details, orderliness, perfection, and control. People with this disorder often devote excessive amounts of time to work and productivity and fail to take time for leisure activities and friendships. They tend to be rigid, formal, stubborn, and serious. This disorder differs from obsessive-compulsive disorder, which often includes more bizarr
Aristotles Ethics and Its Impact on Women
Aristotles Ethics and Its Impact on Women
Aristotle’s Ethics and Its Impact on Women 12/4/03 Aristotle deviates from the metaphysical views of previous philosophers, including his beloved teacher Plato, that state that the purpose of human life lays beyond this world. Instead of this doctrine, Aristotle argues that the purpose of human life lies only within this world. Because Aristotle held this belief, he argues that one must make the most out of his life. To do so one must live the best possible life. Aristotle believed that knowing
Descartes
Descartes
Descartes Descartes is famed by is familiar notion, I think therefore I am (Cogito, ergo sum.). It is a conclusion he has reached in his second meditation after much deliberation on the existence of anything certain. After he discovers his ability to doubt and to understand , he is able to substantiate his necessary existence as a consequence. What we doubt or understand may not ultimately correspond, but we can never be uncertain that we are in the process of thought. This idea is a major compo
Second Year Philosophy Essay on Nietzsche the Death of God
Second Year Philosophy Essay on Nietzsche the Death of God
Second Year Philosophy Essay: on Nietzsche the ‘Death of God’ There are various issues involved here. You need to recall that, for N, the term ‘God’ has extremely wide connotations: it stands for all metaphysics, Platonic Forms, ‘timeless truths’, essences, etc. N. is rejecting the very notion of anything ‘transcendent’ – whether this be theological or philosophical. There is nothing ‘beyond’. Instead of ‘Truth’, there is only my truth, my interpretation. (There’s a very obvious problem with th
Seed To Shelf On Aristotles Metaphysics
Seed To Shelf On Aristotles Metaphysics
Seed To Shelf: On Aristotle’s Metaphysics Ancient Philosophy 1,564 Words Aristotle’s metaphysics were born of observations of nature, the work of other philosophers, and the teachings of his mentor Plato. Because none of these sources of knowledge agreed with each other Aristotle had to take the best and most logical from each and disregard the rest. Nature influences Aristotle the most; he may be considered the first biologist. Taking into consideration what has learned from all of these sourc
Models of Psychology
Models of Psychology
Models of Psychology Biological – views human behavior in biological concepts (inheritance, genes, stress, hormones) Psychodynamic (Freud) – behavior is brought about by unconscious inner forces – uncontrollable Cognitive – how people understand and think about external world (Structuralism Functionalism) mental activities Behaviors – Observable behavior should be the focus. (J.B. Watson) Humanistic – Free will, facilitate human beings Psychology-Scientific study of human behavior and mental pro
A Biography of Seyyed Hossein Nasr
A Biography of Seyyed Hossein Nasr
A Biography of Seyyed Hossein Nasr Professor Seyyed Hossein Nasr, one of the world's leading experts on Islamic science and spirituality, is University Professor of Islamic Studies at George Washington University. Professor Nasr is the authour of numerous books including Man and Nature: the Spiritual Crisis of Modern Man (Kazi Publications, 1998), Religion and the Order of Nature (Oxford, 1996) and Knowledge and the Sacred (SUNY, 1989). Introduction Seyyed Hossein Nasr, currently University Prof
Aristotle
Aristotle
Aristotle Aristotle was born in 384 BC and lived until 322 BC. He was a Greek philosopher and scientist, who shares with Plato being considered the most famous of ancient philosophers. He was born at Stagira, in Macedonia, the son of a physician to the royal court. When he was 17, he went to Athens to study at Plato's Academy. He stayed for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher. When Plato died in 347 BC, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his named H
One may find it ridiculous to contrast between Shakespeare and existen
One may find it ridiculous to contrast between Shakespeare and existen
One may find it ridiculous to contrast between Shakespeare and existentialism in its 20th century form, however one must keep in mind, that existentialism does not appear as a single philosophical system. It is more an attitude of life, a general vision - existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre is known to have stated that existentialism was never invented, it has always existed as the ultimate foundation. Upon that light, why not seek the foundations from the work of the forefather of all dramatists? I
In the Will to Power Nietzsche claims
In the Will to Power Nietzsche claims
In the Will to Power, Nietzsche claims: The will to power interprets (-it is a question of interpretation when an organ is constructed): it defines limits, determines degrees, variations of power. Mere variations of power could not feel themselves to be such: there must be present something that wants to grow and interprets the value of whatever else wants to grow. Equal in that- In fact, interpretation is itself a means of becoming master of something. (The organic process constantly presuppos
Herman Melville
Herman Melville
Herman Melville If at my death, my executors, or more properly my creditors, find any precious MSS. in my desk, then here I propectively ascribe all the honor and the glory to whaling; for a whaleship was my Yale College and my Harvard.(Melville 24). Throughout history American authors have written countless essays and songs, poems and plays, novels and short stories which have led to the great accomplishment of Amercian Literature. However since it emerged from its crude colonial beginnings
The presence of the apparition in the opening scene of William Shakesp
The presence of the apparition in the opening scene of William Shakesp
The presence of the apparition in the opening scene of William Shakespeare’s Hamlet sets a macabre and eerie tone while emitting and foreshadowing a theme of death. In addition to the death theme the presence of the ghost illuminates on the mystery surrounding the death of Hamlet’s father, the King of Denmark. Often in literature the presence of a ghost indicates something left unresolved. In this case, the death of Hamlets father is the unresolved event as well the revenge necessary to give th
Kant's Philosophy
Kant's Philosophy
Kant's Philosophy The keystone of Kant's philosophy, sometimes called critical philosophy, is contained in his Critique of Pure Reason (1781), in which he examined the bases of human knowledge and created an individual epistemology. Like earlier philosophers, Kant differentiated modes of thinking into analytic and synthetic propositions. An analytic proposition is one in which the predicate is contained in the subject, as in the statement Black houses are houses. The truth of this type of pro
Aisha
Aisha
Aisha Aisha was the youngest daughter of Abu Bekr, himself the chief advisor, the first disciple, and best friend of Muhammad -- the Messenger of God. It was customary in those days, and still is today in Arabia, for a man of property and substance to have many wives. In offering his daughter to Muhammad, Abu Bekr was trying to solidify his ties with that great man, hoping an issue would spring forth to carry on the name of both Muhammad and Aisha. The Qoran allows a man to have up to four wive
Greek and Hellenistic Philosophy
Greek and Hellenistic Philosophy
Greek and Hellenistic Philosophy Mike Mayeux Jr Extra credit essay The Greek and Hellenic cultures brought about huge changes for the world, the Greek achievements were exemplified mostly in the fine arts as well as in the search for wisdom, called philosophy, while the Hellenistic culture was formed from the eastern kingdoms and empires. The many philosophers that were brought forth in these eras were alike in several ways. They all wanted self peace and thought that was important to the empire
Ayn Rand and Objectivism An Introduction
Ayn Rand and Objectivism An Introduction
Ayn Rand and Objectivism: An Introduction opinions and beliefs, but he finally accepts that they will not leave his mind and his destiny is sealed. In his recognition of his core belief (individual freedom), he knows that he cannot resist this immutable freedom. Briefly, this sentence is the summary of man's existence. Man knows he is selfish and those who allow self-interest permeate their being are often called greedy or evil. However, without selfishness, man is reduced from an advanced mind
The Price of Universals
The Price of Universals
The Price of Universals Skot Crass Metaphysics In H.H. Price's work Universals and Resemblances he gives us two possible approaches to the ontological problem of universals: the Philosophy of Universals and the Philosophy of resemblances, both of which I shall approach shortly. However, it seems interesting that Price has neglected Plato's doctrine of universalia ante rem due to the thought that no one is willing to accept the idea of Plato's transcendental realm of forms. Additionally he has ma
Hypermedia
Hypermedia
Hypermedia I am writing this essay on a Macintosh computer, a machine that replaces the gears and levers of a typewriter with a microprocessor, electronic circuitry, software, and a display screen. On the floor is a modem, which lets my computer talk to other computers over the phone lines. There are more than 30 million people on the Internet whom I could reach via modem if I knew their electronic-mail address. I check my E-mail; I’m carrying on several electronic conversations about this essay
Creationism
Creationism
Creationism Traditionally creationism has roots in many religions. There are various forms of creationism in many cultures. One of the most popular tenets in cultures around the world are variation of pair of male and female that parent the entire earth of humans. They indicate generally that there is first cause of humans and animals, usually as a result of an omnipotent being. The Christian version of creationism, that preach God as the sole creator of everything, and that everything that we s
Dr Jeckyll And Hyde
Dr Jeckyll And Hyde
Dr. Jeckyll And Hyde The book Mary Reilly is the sequel to the famous The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson, is a stark, ingeniously woven, engaging novel. That tells the disturbing tale of the dual personality of Dr. Jekyll, a physician. A generous and philanthropic man, his is preoccupied with the problems of good and evil and with the possibility of separating them into two distinct personalities. He develops a drug
Greek Literature
Greek Literature
Greek Literature Greek Literature GREEK LITERATURE. The great British philosopher-mathematician Alfred North Whitehead once commented that all philosophy is but a footnote to Plato . A similar point can be made regarding Greek literature as a whole. Over a period of more than ten centuries, the ancient Greeks created a literature of such brilliance that it has rarely been equaled and never surpassed. In poetry, tragedy, comedy, and history, Greek writers created masterpieces that have inspired,
Moses Mendelssohn
Moses Mendelssohn
Moses Mendelssohn Moses Mendelssohn lived between the years 1729 and 1786. He was known as the father of Haskalah because of his contributions to the Haskalah movement. Mendelssohn was a Jewish philosopher, and got much of his education from his father, the local rabbi, David Frankel. Mendelssohn studied the philosophy of Maimonides. He had written the Principally Leibnia ,as an attack on the national neglect of native philosophers. Also published by Mendelssohn was the Philosophical Conversatio
Aristotle
Aristotle
Aristotle Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and was born in 348 B.C. He studied under another philopsopher Plato and later tutored Alexander the Great at the Macedonian court. In 335 B.C. he opened a school in the Athenian Lyceum. During the anti-macedonian agitation after Alexander's death Aristotle fled to Chalcis where he later died in 322 B.C. His extant writings, largely in the form of lecture notes made by his students, include the Organum (treatises of logic); Physics; Metaphysics; De Ani
Enochian Scripture
Enochian Scripture
Enochian Scripture Should Enochian Scripture and the Necronomicon be considered as a true religion, or just another offshoot of Satanism, cult? The Necronomicon is closest documented translation of the original Enochian scripture, the Necronomicon Manuscript. The Necronomicon was first translated in Damascus in 730 A.D. by Abdul Alhazred. The Necronomicon, is not, as popularly believed, a grimoire, or sorceror's spell-book; it was conceived as a history, and so a book of things now dead and gon
Hinduism
Hinduism
Hinduism Introduction Hinduism is a religion that originated in India and is still practiced by most of the Natives as well as the people who have migrated from India to other parts of the world. Statistically there are over seven hundred million Hindus, mainly in Bharat, India and Nepal. Eighty five percent of the population in India is Hindu. The word Hindu comes from an ancient Sanskrit term meaning dwellers by the Indus River, referring to the location of India's earliest know civilization
Text and Traditions Work Requirement One Historical Reconstruction
Text and Traditions Work Requirement One Historical Reconstruction
Text and Traditions: Work Requirement One Historical Reconstruction Major events in Jewish history to the first century AD 1250 BC Fall of Jerusalem to the Romans. 931 BC Divided Kingdoms. 721 BC Fall of Samaria. 587 BC Fall of Jerusalem, Babylonian captivity. 333 BC Jews under Hellenistic rule. 63 BC Jews under Roman rule. 70 AD Fall of Jerusalem to the Romans. Major events between 50 BC - 100 AD 63 BC - 40 BC Hyrcanus2 rules, but is subject to Rome. 41 BC - 30 BC Antony Caesar Roman Emperor. 4
Anselm's Ontological Argument and the Philosophers
Anselm's Ontological Argument and the Philosophers
Anselm's Ontological Argument and the Philosophers Saint Anselm of Aosta, Bec, and Canterbury, perhaps during a moment of enlightenment or starvation-induced hallucination, succeeded in formulating an argument for God's existence which has been debated for almost a thousand years. It shows no sign of going away soon. It is an argument based solely on reason, distinguishing it from other arguments for the existence of God such as cosmological or teleological arguments. These latter arguments resp
Freedom and Reason in Kant
Freedom and Reason in Kant
Freedom and Reason in Kant Alice Furnari 24 /2/97 Morality, Kant says, cannot be regarded as a set of rules which prescribe the means necessary to the achievement of a given end; its rules must be obeyed without consideration of the consequences that will follow from doing so or not. A principle that presupposes a desired object as the determinant of the will cannot give rise to a moral law; that is, the morality of an act of will cannot be determined by the matter or content of the will for whe
Happiness
Happiness
Happiness Happiness: In one word, this concept exemplifies the American dream. People go to any means by which to obtain the many varied materials and issues that induce pleasures in each individual, and intrinsically, this emotion remains the ultimate goal, John Stuart Mill, a nineteenth century philosopher, correctly advocated the pursuit of happiness, and maintained the concept that above all other values, pleasure existed as the final destination, Mill's hedonistic views correctly and ration
Kant's Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Moral
Kant's Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Moral
Kant's Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Moral The central concept of Kant's Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals is the categorical imperative. “The conception of an objective principle, in so far as it is obligatory for a will, is called a command (of reason), and the formula of the command is called an Imperative.” (Abbott, 30) An imperative is something that a will ought or shall do because the will is obligated to act in the manner in which it conforms with moral l
Morality
Morality
Morality Moral philosophy is very important to the success of an individual. But, before I tell you why moral philosophy is so important, and how it has helped me in my life, let me give you a little background knowledge. Rational knowledge has two components. These components are material and formal. Formal knowledge is not object oriented, and is based on reason. Formal knowledge is logic, or the laws of thought. Material knowledge is object oriented, and has two components. These two componen
Originality of Philosophy
Originality of Philosophy
Originality of Philosophy Feb.25.1997 What is philosophy? What does a philosopher really do? Questions like these can be answered in a review of Philosophy Now. What can possibly be answered.....questions which have them. And what is it that philosophers study? Generally, most philosophers study questions in which there is no rational or justifiable answer. And the type of articles in the magazine are very interesting because they elighten the reader to question the answers. Some of the articles