In The Arab World

Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam Believing that communist aggression in South Vietnam could lead to takeover of South East Asia, the United States slowly became more involved in the conflict there during the years of 1954 through 1975. Prior to the War Following World War II, there was a bloody 7 ½ year struggle between Communist Vietnamese and the French for control of the land. A peace conference was finally held in Geneva, Switzerland on July 1954 which determined that French rule would be ended in Vietnam and that
Arab-Israeli Conflict
Arab-Israeli Conflict
Arab-Israeli Conflict The Arab-Israeli conflict came about from the notion of Political Zionism. Zionism is the belief that Jews constitute a nation (or a people) and that they deserve the right to return to what they consider to be their ancestral home, land of Israel (or Palestine). Political Zionism, the belief that Jews should establish a state for themselves in Palestine, was a revolutionary idea for the 19th Century. During World War I, Jews supported countries that constituted the Centra
ARAB-ISRAELI WARS
ARAB-ISRAELI WARS
ARAB-ISRAELI WARS Since the United Nations partition of PALESTINE in 1947 and the establishment of the modern state of ISRAEL in 1948, there have been four major Arab-Israeli wars (1947-49, 1956, 1967, and 1973) and numerous intermittent battles. Although Egypt and Israel signed a peace treaty in 1979, hostility between Israel and the rest of its Arab neighbors, complicated by the demands of Palestinian Arabs, continued into the 1980s. THE FIRST PALESTINE WAR (1947-49) The first war began as a
Pyramids
Pyramids
Pyramids The Egyptians believed that their kings were gods. Even after they had died, the rulers continued to affect daily life through their supernatural powers. In his new life in the underworld, the king would need everything he needed while alive, and he needed his home to last for eternity. While alive, Egyptian kings lived in palace of mud-brick, wore linen roves, and slept in wooden beds. In their gentle climate, more substantial comforts were not needed. But eternity last a whole lot lo
Persian Gulf Crisis
Persian Gulf Crisis
Persian Gulf Crisis Persian Gulf Crisis, 1990-1991: How Saddam Hussein's Greed and Totalitarian Quest for Power Led to the Invasion of Kuwait, World Conflicts and the Degredation of Iraq Joseph Stalin. Fidel Castro. Adolf Hitler. Saddam Hussein. These names are all those of leaders who have used a totalitarian approach to leading a nation. Stalin and Hitler ruled in the early to mid-nineteen hundreds. Like Fidel Castro, Saddam Hussein is now. Saddam Hussein belongs to the Baath Party of Iraq. Th
The Population Growth Rate in India
The Population Growth Rate in India
The Population Growth Rate in India For many years concern has been voiced over the seemingly unchecked rate of population growth in India, but the most recent indications are that some success is being achieved in slowing the rate of population growth. The progress which has been achieved to date is still only of a modest nature and should not serve as premature cause for complacency. Moreover, a slowing of the rate of population growth is not incompatible with a dangerous population increase i
History of Turkish Occupation of Northern Kurdistan
History of Turkish Occupation of Northern Kurdistan
History of Turkish Occupation of Northern Kurdistan. Eric jensen Poli. Sci. (Third World Politics) 11/27/96 Since 1984, and especially the last few months, the domestic problems of a major N.A.T.O, Middle Eastern, and American ally state have come to the forefront of the international news scene. That state is the Republic of Turkey and it's primary troubles stem from the past seven decades of acrimonious policies directed at the indigenous ethnic Kurds. The main problem, now, is the Kurdish pop
Has Political Islam Failed in Algeria
Has Political Islam Failed in Algeria
Has Political Islam Failed in Algeria? The question whether Political Islam has failed or not due to the internal structure of the Islamic political movement, in either Algeria or any other country in the Islamic World, is an important question for the analysis of the politicized Islamic phenomena. Olivier Roy sees the movement as a failure, not only in Algeria but also in the whole area from Casablanca to Tashkent, the movement has resulted in failure due to many reasons that are seen as common
Propaganda and Its Uses By Countries Especially During War
Propaganda and Its Uses By Countries Especially During War
Propaganda and Its Uses By Countries, Especially During War In order to gain the support of the public, countries use propaganda. During the Gulf War, Saddam Hussein and George Bush used propaganda to gain the support of their respective public. Propaganda was everywhere. It was on the radio and television and it brought the war into millions of homes. Propaganda was a vital part of the Gulf War because it provided the US and Iraq with the support of their public. Propaganda is always geared tow
Socialism
Socialism
Socialism The term socialism is commonly used to refer both to an ideology--a comprehensive set of beliefs or ideas about the nature of human society and its future desirable state--and to a state of society based on that ideology. Socialists have always claimed to stand above all for the values of equality, social justice, cooperation, progress, and individual freedom and happiness, and they have generally sought to realize these values by the abolition of the private-enterprise economy (see CA
The Suez Crisis of 1956 The War From Differing Viewpoints
The Suez Crisis of 1956 The War From Differing Viewpoints
The Suez Crisis of 1956: The War From Differing Viewpoints Carleton University Research Paper #1: Submitted to Prof. J. Sigler In Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for 47.323 Student: Neil Patrick Tubb (#226591) Introduction Among the most important foundations in the continuing Arab-Israeli conflict was the seeds that were sown in the aftermath of the 1956 Sinai Campaign, or the Suez Crisis. Whatever the operation is referred to as, its consequences involving both relations internal to the
The Life of Aristotle
The Life of Aristotle
The Life of Aristotle When Plato died in 347 bc, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hermias (died 345 bc), was ruler. There he counseled Hermias and married his niece and adopted daughter, Pythias. After Hermias was captured and executed by the Persians, Aristotle went to Pella, the Macedonian capital, where he became the tutor of the king's young son Alexander, later known as Alexander the Great. In 335, when Alexander became king, Aristotle returned to Athe
Militant Monks
Militant Monks
Militant Monks The Knights Templar, a military order of monks answerable only to the Pope himself, were founded in 1118. Their primary responsibility, at least initially, was to provide protection to Christians making pilgrimages to the Holy Land. They rose in power, both religious and secular, to become one of the richest and most powerful entities in Christendom. By the time of their disbandment in 1307, this highly secretive organization controlled vast wealth, a fleet of merchant ships, and
In every society it is important for individuals to adhere to a set of
In every society it is important for individuals to adhere to a set of
In every society, it is important for individuals to adhere to a set of principles in order to maintain order. In Dostoyevsky’s Crime and Punishment and Camus’ The Outsider , however, both protagonists ignored the values of their society. Raskolnikov and Meursault felt their own beliefs were significant, and through their actions they were able to express them. As a result, one man was judged as a social deviant, while the other man suffered psychologically. Through dealing with this strife, Ra
The Subjectivity of the Character Safie in Frankenstein
The Subjectivity of the Character Safie in Frankenstein
The Subjectivity of the Character Safie in Frankenstein Even though she is only mentioned in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein for a relatively brief period, the character, Safie, is very interesting as she is unique from the other characters in that her subjectivity is more clearly dependent on her religion and the culture of her nation. Contrasts can be made between the Orient and the European society which attempts to interpret it. Often, this creates stereotypes such as western feminists that h
Professional ysis of Published Works
Professional ysis of Published Works
Professional ysis of Published Works Professional columnists have often enjoyed the luxury of an additional writer to verify their work. This person is usually an editor or proofreader. Each day, millions of pages of text are scrutinized for accuracy by the public. Many times, people have read through an article and found an error in syntax or spelling. It almost appears to be a rewarding experience for the reader to discover an error in professional works. I have noticed that writers sacrifice
Greek literature
Greek literature
Greek literature GREEK LITERATURE. The great British philosopher-mathematician Alfred North Whitehead once commented that all philosophy is but a footnote to Plato . A similar point can be made regarding Greek literature as a whole. Over a period of more than ten centuries, the ancient Greeks created a literature of such brilliance that it has rarely been equaled and never surpassed. In poetry, tragedy, comedy, and history, Greek writers created masterpieces that have inspired, influenced, and
World Populations and Development
World Populations and Development
World Populations and Development 1.) The Neolithic and Industrial Revolutions The two changes in the use of the earth's resources that had the greatest effect on the world population were the neolithic and the industrial revolutions. The neolithic revolution (a.k.a. agricultural revolution) was a change in the way of life of our ancestors. It took place about 8000 years ago among various tribes in Asia and the Middle East. It included a transition from foraging and hunting to the domestication
The Bush Administration's Relation With Iraq Prior to Iraq's Invasion
The Bush Administration's Relation With Iraq Prior to Iraq's Invasion
The Bush Administration's Relation With Iraq Prior to Iraq's Invasion of Kuwait: Credibility and Misperception Prior to the August 2, 1990 invasion of Kuwait on the part of Iraq, the United States had questionable relations with Iraq dictator, Saddam Hussein, to say the least. In retrospect, which is inherently advantageous as a 20/20 perspective, questions remain unanswered as to whether or not the United States was too appeasing to Saddam Hussein in the years, months, and days leading up to t
Israel - The Presidential Brief
Israel - The Presidential Brief
Israel - The Presidential Brief The Current Situation In Israel And Palestine Israel is in a situation unlike any other country around the world. Israel has been fighting for its survival since it became a country in 1948. It is surrounded by hostile nations that want to destroy or at least diminish it. There is tremendous tension between the Palestine Liberation Members and Israeli officials and citizens. There have been peaceful rallies and bloody bus bombings. People in Israel today are unsu
Written by The Prophet
Written by The Prophet
Written by: The Prophet Edited by: The Metallian   Lebanon, a nation that once proudly called itself the Switzerland of the Middle East, is today a country in name only. Its government controls little more than half of the nation's capital, Beirut. Its once-vibrant economy is a shambles. And its society is fragmented - so fragmented, some believe, that it may be impossible to re-create a unified state responsive to the needs of all its varied peoples.   Lebanon lies on the eastern shore of the
When Plato died in 347 bc Aristotle moved to Assos a city in Asia Mino
When Plato died in 347 bc Aristotle moved to Assos a city in Asia Mino
When Plato died in 347 bc, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hermias (died 345 bc), was ruler. There he counseled Hermias and married his niece and adopted daughter, Pythias. After Hermias was captured and executed by the Persians, Aristotle went to Pella, the Macedonian capital, where he became the tutor of the king's young son Alexander, later known as Alexander the Great. In 335, when Alexander became king, Aristotle returned to Athens and established his
Eric jensen
Eric jensen
Eric jensen Poli. Sci. (Third World Politics) 11/27/96 History of Turkish Occupation of Northern Kurdistan. Since 1984, and especially the last few months, the domestic problems of a major N.A.T.O, Middle Eastern, and American ally state have come to the forefront of the international news scene. That state is the Republic of Turkey and it's primary troubles stem from the past seven decades of acrimonious policies directed at the indigenous ethnic Kurds. The main problem, now, is the Kurdish po
Morocco
Morocco
Morocco Morocco,is a country in the northwestern corner of Africa. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea on the north and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. The Strait of Gibraltar, which connects the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, separates Morocco from Spain by only about 8 miles (13 kilometers). Fertile plains lie along Morocco's coasts, and forested mountains stretch across the middle of the country from southwest to northeast. Beyond the mountains lies a sun-baked desert, the Sahara. Rabat
Saddam, Iraq, And The Gulf War
Saddam, Iraq, And The Gulf War
Saddam, Iraq, And The Gulf War War, justifiable or not, is complete madness. It is hell. No matter what the cause, or what the reason is, war remains mankind�s greatest source of tragedy, the plague of mankind, and the plague of this country. Our country has existed for only 200 years, a relatively short time, and already we have been involved in over eleven major wars. Four have been fought this last fifty years. We are a nation of freedom, but we are also a nation of strong military presence
The Legal System of Spain
The Legal System of Spain
The Legal System of Spain The national government of Spain is composed of a parliamentary monarchy with a hereditary constitutional monarch as the head of state. Under the 1978 Constitution, power was centered in a bicameral legislature--the Cortes (comprising of the lower house, Congress of Deputies, and upper house, Senate). Both houses are elected by universal suffrage every four years, but the 350-member Congress of Deputies uses a proportional representation system, whereas the Senate cont
On August 2nd 1990 Iraq military forces invaded and occupied Kuwait Th
On August 2nd 1990 Iraq military forces invaded and occupied Kuwait Th
On August 2nd, 1990 Iraq military forces invaded and occupied Kuwait. The order was given by Iraq’s dictator-president Saddam Hussein. His aim was apparently to take control Kuwait’s oil reserves (despite its small size Kuwait is a huge oil producer; it has about 10 per cent of the world’s oil reserves). Iraq accused Kuwait of breaking agreements that limit oil production in the Middle East. According to Saddam Hussein, this brought down world oil prices severely and caused financial loss of bi
In recent times there have been few ideas of such compelling force as
In recent times there have been few ideas of such compelling force as
In recent times, there have been few ideas of such compelling force as the concept of World Heritage. There are places in nature and culture with a value and importance reaching far across geographical and political boundaries and becoming a heritage of the world in general. This promising idea was taken up by an International Convention of the Unesco in 1972. Today over 100 countries have joined it. This Convention does not only strengthen the idea that all countries should make the defence of
Was a military struggle fought principally in Kuwait and Iraq during J
Was a military struggle fought principally in Kuwait and Iraq during J
Was a military struggle fought principally in Kuwait and Iraq during January and February 1991. The crisis began in August 1990, when Iraq, led by President Saddam Hussein, invaded and annexed Kuwait. Between August and November the United Nations Security Council passed a series of resolutions that culminated in the demand that Iraq withdraw unconditionally from Kuwait by January 15, 1991. By that time, some 500,000 allied ground, air, and naval forces—chiefly from the United States, Saudi Ara
Religions Spread Through Conquest
Religions Spread Through Conquest
Religions Spread Through Conquest When studying history, both in a professional and academic sense, we try to make connections between civilizations and time periods. Historians have attempted to discover universal constants of human nature, a bond that forms from continent to continent and human being to human being. Are there constant qualities that people posses and reflect in all civilizations? It is extremely difficult to make generalizations about centuries of modern history. To say that
American Mafia
American Mafia
American Mafia The Mafia has been around for a long time. It started in Sicily and was carried over to America. Since it's beginning organized crime has been doing nothing but growing to this day. I. Early Mafia A. Sicily B. America II. Families A. Gambino B. Genovese C. Colombo D. Bonanno E. Luchese III. Mob Information A. Rank of the Mafia B. The oath C. Origins of the name Organized Crime Organized Crime is one of the oldest and longest running businesses in the world. But did it start out a
Un-Victorian Tenets of Browning in Karshish Brownings Karshish Robert
Un-Victorian Tenets of Browning in Karshish Brownings Karshish Robert
Un-Victorian Tenets of Browning in Karshish Browning’s Karshish Robert Browning’s “An Epistle Containing the Strange Medical Experience of Karshish, the Arab Physician” is a dramatic monologue in which Karshish writes to Abib about his experiencing the miracle of Jesus, when he raises Lazarus from the dead. “Karshish” is a dramatic monologue containing most of the tenets of Browning. Although “Karshish” is in the form of a letter, it is still an excellent example of a dramatic monologue. There i
Twelve Locations in Huck Finn
Twelve Locations in Huck Finn
Twelve Locations in Huck Finn St. Petersburg As the story opens, Huck Finn has been adopted by the Widow Douglas who wants to make him conform to the way and views of society. It is with this forced learning that Huck finds that he is not comfortable with the situation. Huck Finn, a boy of approximately 12 years, is the son of the town drunk. Widow Douglas adopts him so that she can civilize him and raise him to be a gentleman. Huck does not like the dull ways of the Widow. Though she is nurturi
America and Bush through the Eyes of Europe
America and Bush through the Eyes of Europe
America and Bush through the Eyes of Europe #3122 English Composition I Final research paper November 30, 2003 Table of Contents I. Outline…………………………………………………………………………3 II. Introduction……………………………………………………………………5 III. The Foreshadow……………………………………………………………….6 IV. Runner – up……………………………………………………………………7 V. “This One Time….At Terrorist Camp….”……………………………………8 VI. Watchful Eyes of the Beholder………………………………………………..9 VII. An American in Europe……………………………………………………...10 VIII. Tonight on Euronews…………………………
American Values are Asserted and Expressed during the Wars
American Values are Asserted and Expressed during the Wars
American Values are Asserted and Expressed during the Wars 5/28/2004 Microsoft Word 2002 Wars happen when people have opposite ideas and values. They test the strength and righteousness of peoples’ believes in their values and ideas. Wars help people and countries see the gaps and wrongs of their actions and moral principles on which these actions were acted upon, as well as assert further believe in the correctness of the principles and actions that had to be done to establish such believes. Th
Gandhis Truth
Gandhis Truth
Gandhi’s Truth Truth is something that many people have been searching for, and can’t find. Gandhi described Truth like his inner peace, in this case it was God. Thanks to his happiness and tranquility he had inside he was able to fight peacefully and achieve everything he did. Gandhi was one of these seekers and was lucky enough to find his inner truth. With out Truth people are lost. Truth brings peace and everyone knows that the most desired wish is to have peace all over the world. Gandhi's
THE ART OF BODY PIERCING
THE ART OF BODY PIERCING
THE ART OF BODY PIERCING There are multiple body art forms in the world today. The art of body piercing has a colorful history that spans many centuries. (History) As a relatively new trend all over the world it represents a new area of interest. Though body piercing is controversial these days, the opinions are divided. The opposition states that rebellion insights body piercing while the practicians say that it brings personal fulfilment. Supporters sustain that body piercing should be viewed
Chapter 41 The Stormy Sixties
Chapter 41 The Stormy Sixties
Chapter 41: “The Stormy Sixties” ~ 1960 – 1968 ~ I. Kennedy’s “New Frontier” Spirit 1. In 1960, young, energetic John F. Kennedy was elected to president of the United States—the youngest man ever elected to that office. 2. The 1960s would bring a sexual revolution, a civil rights revolutions, the emergence of a “youth culture,” a devastating war in Vietnam, and the beginnings of a feminist revolution. 3. JFK delivered a stirring inaugural address, and he also assembled a very young cabinet, inc
Egyptian History
Egyptian History
Egyptian History History Egypt has one of the most ancient civilizations of the world. Its history spans over five millennia. The pharaohs ruled Egypt for about 3 000 years until it was conquered by the Greeks, then by the Romans. In 639 AD, it was conquered by Islams from Syria . In 1517 the Ottomans took over until Napoleon came to Egypt in 1798. Egypt remained under English and French domination until the 1950’s, until the revolution of 1952. Traditions and Customs As in their holy book the Q
Franks Mongols and Turks
Franks Mongols and Turks
Franks, Mongols and Turks Multicultural Diversity in Early Islam Humans throughout history have banded together in groups, from families and tribes to races and nations. Ever since these groups began to form, they have been affecting each other and impacting each other’s cultures and ways of living. During the Middle Ages, this kind of cross-cultural impact was happening all across Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. As the different political and military powers gained supremacy, kingdoms expande
ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION
ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION
ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION To Understand the events that led to the birth and rise of what became an Empire in a very short time, it is necessary to understand the events that preceded the period of the “prophet”. The people of what would have become the Islamic world can be divided into four linguistic families that derive from a common source. These four families can be classified as : 1-Semitic 2-Hamitic 3-Indo European 4-Altaic The first two, Semitic and Hamitic derive from the so called Afro-asia
Mathematics
Mathematics
Mathematics Throughout the years, the history of mathematics has taken its fair share of changes. It has stretched across the world from the Far East, migrating into the Western Hemisphere. One of the most fundamental and key principles of mathematics has been the quadratic formula. Having been used in several different cultures, the formula has been part of the base of mathematics theory. The general equation has been derived from many different sources, most commonly: ax2 + bx + c = 0, with x
Medieval Islam
Medieval Islam
Medieval Islam . Islam is a religion that is complete. It has a rich culture and without any interference or flexibility in its basis it has turned out to be a complex, and dynamic steady in the world. Yet, the least is known about it in the West. It rose dramatically to popularity in the seventh century A. D. and from that time to present it has covered a large part of the world culture with its influence and managed to incorporate many languages and cultures within its midst. Islamic history b
THE CREATION OF ISRAEL 1945 1948 Mr Watson
THE CREATION OF ISRAEL 1945 1948 Mr Watson
THE CREATION OF ISRAEL 1945 – 1948 (Mr Watson) Yr 11 Modern History Assessment – Research Essay Term 1 The Jews were awarded their own state after a series of major events. These events are the ones that left many countries pending on what the right or best decision was. Should the land be awarded because of religious reasons or historical facts and events? There are three main arguments that decided the Jews became the State of Israel. These are: Zionism, the Holocaust and the Balfour Declarati
Report on World War I
Report on World War I
Report on World War I Table of contentsPage 0: introduction Page 1: years leading up to the war:1850-1914Page 2:causes of warPage 3:war breaks outPage 3:Land warfare, war plansPage 4:land warfare,1914Page 8:Land warfare,1915Page 10:land warfare,1916Page 12:land warfare,1917Page 15:land warfare,1918Page 21:naval warfare, war plansPage 22: naval warfare, generalPage 23:air warfare, generalPage 23:endingPage 24:references Chapter 1: introduction August 2nd, 1914: Europe was darkened by the horrible
The Western Influence on the Formation of Saudi Arabia from 1902 - 192
The Western Influence on the Formation of Saudi Arabia from 1902 - 192
The Western Influence on the Formation of Saudi Arabia from 1902 - 1926 The area that is currently Saudi Arabia was originally part of the Turkish Ottoman Empire during the 16th century, after the capture of Mecca by the Turks in 1517, but local rulers were allowed a great deal of autonomy and ruled their relative territories unhindered. (CountryReports.org 3) Under Turkish supervision, different Sherifs of Mecca governed the territory of Hejaz. Furthermore, this covered the western part of the
History Of Pasta
History Of Pasta
History Of Pasta The beginning of pasta date back to times of yore. The first hint we have of pasta comes from the tools used for making and cooking pasta found in an Etruscan tomb. Shortly after the birth of Christ, a chef named Apicius mentions something which sounds a lot like lasagna in his book of recipes. Around the year 1000, we have the first documented recipe for pasta in the book De arte Coquinaria per vermicelli e macaroni siciliani , (The Art of Cooking Sicilian macaroni and Vermicel
The Ottoman EmpireIV- The Fall of the Ottoman EmpireA- Blaming the Lea
The Ottoman EmpireIV- The Fall of the Ottoman EmpireA- Blaming the Lea
The Ottoman EmpireIV- The Fall of the Ottoman EmpireA- Blaming the Leaders As any other nation in history, the Ottoman Empire suffered military defeats, political corruption, economic deterioration and finally the fall of a fulfilled dream. Many historians argue about the causes of this decline: was it the weakening of the Ottoman power or the accumulation of power by the opposition? In fact, both of these reasons brought the decay of this world power. One of the explanations of Ibn Khaldun -a v
Modern and Primitive Cultures
Modern and Primitive Cultures
Modern and Primitive Cultures Eng 101-06 May 6, 2001 People have to have a relationship with other people and the nature. It is necessary for the people. People who share a common place or a common language also share a common culture. A professor is named Deikman said that “Culture is the customs, ideas, and attitudes shared by a group, transmitted from generation by generation by learning processes rather than biological inheritance; adherence to these customs and attitudes is regulated by a s
The Immorality of Internet Weapon Sales
The Immorality of Internet Weapon Sales
The Immorality of Internet Weapon Sales Many traditional weapons are still being made, whether or not they are actually still used for their original purpose. Many weapons’ purposes greatly evolve, leaving their original purposes to be outdated when they are transformed towards their new purpose, which often is collection. The Internet greatly helps the evolution of these purposes by depersonalizing the trade and use of the weapons, and making it easier to obtain a weapon for collection purposes