Ii Chloride Was

Methods of Execution
Methods of Execution
Methods of Execution One man's taking of another's life is generally seen as an unforgivable act which is punishable with death. When this is done as punishment however, it is seen as an honorary deed by removing this criminal from the world and making it a much safer place to live. With executions in mind, it is incredible what ingenious methods can be thought of by the human brain and the fact that the idea is centered around the murdering of one man does not even change how prodigious these i
Photography is a technique of producing permanent images on sensitized
Photography is a technique of producing permanent images on sensitized
Photography is a technique of producing permanent images on sensitized surfaces by means of the photochemical action of light or other forms of radiant energy. In today's society, photography plays important roles as an information medium, as a tool in science and technology, and as an art form, and it is also a popular hobby. It is essential at every level of business and industry, being used in advertising, documentation, photojournalism, and many other ways. Scientific research, ranging from
Introduction
Introduction
Introduction In this experiment we are trying to find the percentage of water in Barium Chloride Dihydiate. During the experiment you must pay close attention to everything done. We are going to try to stay below a 8 percent error. When timing, make sure you only have the crucible over the bunson burner for 10 minutes, no more, no less. Be aware of how dangerous this chemical can be, so please be careful. Located below is a list of all the materials you will need to complete this experiment. Pl
Chapter 1
Chapter 1
Chapter 1 Locations Large deposits of Uranium in the U.S are found in New Mexico, Colorado, Texas, Utah, and Wyoming. Most of Canada’s Uranium comes from the province of Saskatchewan. There is a lot of Uranium in the oceans but we do not have the technology to mine it at a cheap cost. Chapter 2 Mining When uranium is extracted, pitchblende is broken up and mixed with sulfuric and nitric acids. It then dissolves into uranyl sulfate. With the addition of sodium hydroxide, uranium is precipitated
Water Transitions
Water Transitions
Water Transitions Brackish water is a fairly salty mixture of freshwater and sea water. It is unique in numerous ways and is a life giving ecosystem. To understand what brackish water is, a background should be known about its sources. First of all, there is freshwater. Out of all the water on the planet, only three percent of it is fresh, and only one fiftieth of one percent is readily available. Freshwater is not pure in that it contains minerals and other particles. There are numerous plants
Ever since I was little I have always looked up to my dad I've admired
Ever since I was little I have always looked up to my dad I've admired
Ever since I was little, I have always looked up to my dad. I've admired him for his intelligence, his humor, his devotion, and his friendliness. But the one thing I have never neglected in my whole life is that my own father is a well-known, well-respected doctor. Whenever I walked down a street with him, people would smile at him, shake his hand, or give him a gift. I soon coveted this fame that he had, and wanted to become a doctor. I would practice on my dog or my pillows before preschool
Albert Jung
Albert Jung
Albert Jung Abstract: This lab assignment is to observe certain substances and observe its physical and chemical changes in different environmental conditions. We first observed its physical properties, such as physical state and color and recorded it on paper. Then we did different types of experiments on some of the substances and observed the chemical changes. Some of the chemical changes where endothermic, exothermic, changes in color and changing of its physical state. We recorded the obse
Purpose The purpose of this lab is to yield isoamyl acetate a banana f
Purpose The purpose of this lab is to yield isoamyl acetate a banana f
Purpose: The purpose of this lab is to yield isoamyl acetate, a banana fragrance, by reacting acetic acid and isoamyl alcohol. By reacting a carboxylic acid with an alcohol we synthesize an ester, in this case isoamyl acetate. Procedure: 1) Obtain 8.5 mL of isoamyl alcohol and 15.0 mL of acetic acid in a 100-mL round-bottomed flask. 2) Add dropwise 5 mL of concentrated sulfuric acid with boiling chips and reflux for one hour. 3) At the end of the reflux cool the round-bottomed flask in a cold w
NAZISM The National Socialist German Workers Party almost died one mor
NAZISM The National Socialist German Workers Party almost died one mor
NAZISM The National Socialist German Workers’ Party almost died one morning in 1919. It numbered only a few dozen grumblers’ it had no organization and no political ideas. But many among the middle class admired the Nazis’ muscular opposition to the Social Democrats. And the Nazis themes of patriotism and militarism drew highly emotional responses from people who could not forget Germany’s prewar imperial grandeur. In the national elections of September 1930, the Nazis garnered nearly 6.5 millio
Sodium
Sodium
Sodium Life could not exist without compounds of sodium. These compounds hold water in body tissues, and a severe deficiency of sodium can cause death. Blood contains sodium compounds in solution. Sodium compounds are used in industry in the manufacture of chemicals and pharmaceuticals, in metallurgy, in sodium vapor lamps, and in the production of hundreds of every day products. One of the most common sodium compounds is table salt, or sodium chloride. In its pure form sodium is a silver-white
Documentation of Competency
Documentation of Competency
Documentation of Competency Objective: I Atom - the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element Example: the formation of a sodium chloride crystal Molecule - The smallest part of any substance which has the qualities of that substance, and which can exist alone in a free state. Example: a molecule of water consists of two atoms of hydrogen and one of oxygen. Organelle - A cell structure that carries out a specialized function in the life of a cell. Example: t
Should Assistance Be Allowed
Should Assistance Be Allowed
Should Assistance Be Allowed? 1 ENG 1301 3 December 2002 The origin of the word euthanasia is from the Greek eu meaning “good” and thanos meaning “death”. Euthanasia has been traced as far back as ancient Greek and Roman civilizations. These ancient societies approved of voluntary euthanasia. Religion increased as time passed and life was viewed to be sacred. This caused euthanasia to be seen as wrong in all forms. Euthanasia is the action of inducing the painless death of a person for reasons a
SOLUBLITY TABLE
SOLUBLITY TABLE
SOLUBLITY TABLE acetate bromide carbonate chloride fluoride hydroxide iodide nitrate oxide phosphate sulfate sulfite sulfide Aluminium S S d S S I S S I I S  d Ammonium S S d S S d S S  S S S S Barium S S I S I ss S S S I I I d Cadmium S S I S ss I S S I I S I Calcium S S I S I ss S S I I ss I d Cobalt S S I S S I S S I I S I I Copper (II) S S I S ss I d S I I S  I Iron (II) S S I S ss I S S I I S ss I Iron (III) I S  S ss I  S I I ss  I Lead S ss I I I I I S I I I I I Magnesium S S I S I
ESTERIFICATION AND HYDROLYSIS
ESTERIFICATION AND HYDROLYSIS
ESTERIFICATION AND HYDROLYSIS Experiment #1: Methyl Benzoate by Fisher Esterification Post – Lab Organic Chemistry II Lab – Section 7515 February 25, 2004 INTRODUCTION The Fischer esterification reaction reaches equilibrium after a few hours. This equilibrium can be shifted by adding more of the acid or of the alcohol. The mechanism of the reaction involves initial protonation of the carboxyl group, followed by attack by nucleophilic hydroxyl, a proton transfer, and finally loss of water follow
The Death Row
The Death Row
The Death Row The death row, which was located in the East building of the Huntsville unit, remained there from the early years of 1928 to 1952. From 1952 to 1965 the electric chair was located in the Huntsville unit as well. The men on death row were moved from the Huntsville unit to the Ellis unit in 1965 where the death row chambers would remain until 1999. In 1999 the TDCJ moved the death row unit to the Polunsky unit, however the women on death row, are housed at the Mountain View unit. The
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Commonly Prescribed Drugs SELECT another chapter from the list .....Go to the Complete Table of ContentsAcknowledgementsThe EditorsThe ContributorsForewordCh 1 - How to Get the Care You NeedCh 2 - Meeting the Heatch Care Needs of the Aged and DisabledCh 3 - Medical Decision Making: Ethical ConsiderationsCh 4 - The Fundamentals of Good HealthCh 5 - The Basics of Good NutritionCh 6 - Smoking, Alcohol, and Substance AbuseCh 7 - Health Concerns During Infancy and ChildhoodCh 8 - The Adolescent Years
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment Electric chair, gas chambers, and lethal injection, usually when we hear these words we tend to say, “Oh they deserve it.” What is bad enough to deserve death? Are there certain crimes that do and then some that do not? Almost every culture through out history has relied on capital punishment and justified it as necessary to maintain order. The only thing that has changed over time are the crimes deemed punishable and the methods used to carry out the punishment. In ancient Pe
ABOUT THE INTERACTION BETWEEN MOLECULES
ABOUT THE INTERACTION BETWEEN MOLECULES
ABOUT THE INTERACTION BETWEEN MOLECULES The properties observed for matter on the macroscopic level are determined by the properties of the constituent molecules and the interactions between them. The polar or non-polar character of a molecule will clearly be important in determining the nature of its interactions with other molecules. There will be relatively strong forces of attraction acting between molecules with large dipole moments. To a first approximation, the energy of interaction betwe
Investigate the factors which affect the rate of reaction between Calc
Investigate the factors which affect the rate of reaction between Calc
Investigate the factors, which affect the rate of reaction between Calcium carbonate and Hydrochloric acid Background information In this investigation, which is about the different factors and their affects on the rate of reaction, we will be reacting calcium carbonate and hydrochloric acid. The equation for this reaction is: Calcium Carbonate + Hydrochloric acid à Calcium Chloride + Water + Carbon dioxide CaCO3 (s) + 2HCl (aq) à CaCl2 (aq) + H2O (l) + CO2 (g) We will be using hydrochloric acid
Common Anions and Cations Lab
Common Anions and Cations Lab
Common Anions and Cations Lab Period 3 The purpose of this lab was to identify common anions and cations in solutions using simple chemical tests, and to use the results discovered in these tests to identify ions in an unknown solution. First we tested for anions, skipping the boiling bath described by step one; we tested for the chloride ion. To do so we added 2 mL of sodium chloride to a clean prepared test tube. To a second clean test tube we added 2 mL of the unknown substance-A102. One mL e
Forming Bonds Assignment
Forming Bonds Assignment
Forming Bonds Assignment 1. a) O2 b) HCl c) O2N d) H2S 2. a + symbol in a chemical equation means and or also. A –› symbol means producers or equals. In a chemical reaction a product is what is produced by the chemical reaction and reactants are what creates the chemical reaction. 3. a) Balanced b) Balanced c) H2 + Cl2 –› 2HCl d) N2 + 3H2 –› 2NH3 e) Mg + 2HCl –› MgCl2 +H2 f) 2Pb(NO3)2 –› 2PbO + 4NO2 + O2 4. a) C + O2 CO b) Na+HCl –› NaCl + H c) SO2 + O2 O3 d) C12H22O11 –› C+ H2O e) Fe + O2 –› Fe
Hoppy Heart Homework Assignment
Hoppy Heart Homework Assignment
“Hoppy” Heart Homework Assignment P-2 Class 17 EMSM 250 5/19/03 The human heart is a hollow, cone shaped organ that is relatively the size of a person’s fist. The apex of the heart is tilted obliquely and pointed towards the left hip and it rests on the diaphragm at approximately at the level of the fifth intercostal space, which is about the nipple line (Marieb 309). The heart weighs around 300 grams (10 oz.) in an adult. The heart is near the middle of the thoracic cavity in the mediastinum, w
The National Socialist German Workers' Party almost died one
The National Socialist German Workers' Party almost died one
The National Socialist German Workers Party almost died one morning in 1919. It numbered only a few dozen grumblers it had no organization and no political ideas. But many among the middle class admired the Nazis muscular opposition to the Social Democrats. And the Nazis themes of patriotism and militarism drew highly emotional responses from people who could not forget Germanys prewar imperial grandeur. In the national elections of September 1930, the Nazis garnered nearly 6.5 million votes
Justice can not be served until the debate on capital
Justice can not be served until the debate on capital
Justice can not be served until the debate on capital punishment is resolved and all states have come to agree that the death penalty is the best way to stop crime completely. The bottom line is, one method of execution is just as brutal and as barbaric as the next, says Mr. Breedlove of the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty. This comes straight from the mouth of a member of a national organization against capital punishment. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Langu
Magnesium
Magnesium
Magnesium Magnesium is the twelfth element on the periodic table. It is located in the second group called the alkaline earth metals. Natural magnesium contains three different isotopes, and there are twelve others that are recognized. Seawater is a rich source of magnesium in the form of salt. Magnesium is the eighth most abundant element in the earth's crust. Magnesium readily ignites upon heating in air and burns with a dazzling white flame. To extinguish the flame water should not be used. A
NAZISM
NAZISM
NAZISM The National Socialist German Workers’ Party almost died one morning in 1919. It numbered only a few dozen grumblers’ it had no organization and no political ideas. But many among the middle class admired the Nazis’ muscular opposition to the Social Democrats. And the Nazis themes of patriotism and militarism drew highly emotional responses from people who could not forget Germany’s prewar imperial grandeur. In the national elections of September 1930, the Nazis garnered nearly 6.5 millio
Most people know that good nutrition is important for good health Reco
Most people know that good nutrition is important for good health Reco
Most people know that good nutrition is important for good health. Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) are the daily amounts of essential nutrients that will prevent deficiencies in most healthy people. But not many people realize the importance a healthy diet can have on their health for years to come. To help us stay healthy a person should eat a variety of foods, maintain ideal weight, avoid too much fat, and eat foods with enough starch and fiber. A good diet helps children grow, develop, a
THE ROLE CATALYSTS IN CHEMICAL REACTIONS THEIR IMPORTANCE IN INDUSTRY
THE ROLE CATALYSTS IN CHEMICAL REACTIONS THEIR IMPORTANCE IN INDUSTRY
THE ROLE CATALYSTS IN CHEMICAL REACTIONS, THEIR IMPORTANCE IN INDUSTRY, PROBLEMS AND NEW DEVELOPMENTS. A Catalyst is a substance that alters the rate of a reaction. The catalyst remains unchanged at the end of the reaction. The process is called catalysis. In this report I aim going to explain the role of catalysts in chemical reactions and their importance in industry. I will also outline the problems associated with the use of some catalysts and discuss, using appropriate examples, new develop
DESCRIPTION OF A NETWORK
DESCRIPTION OF A NETWORK
DESCRIPTION OF A NETWORK A network is the linking of two or more computers for the purpose of sharing data, programs and/or physical resources. · Examples: · Data Two people can work independently on the same project at different computers. By being connected to each other, there is no need for swapping floppy copies with the possibility of loss or old revisions creeping into the work flow. · Programs One copy of a program can be purchased and placed on one computer, and others connected may be
The February 17 1992 edition of time magazine's cover story started li
The February 17 1992 edition of time magazine's cover story started li
The February 17, 1992 edition of time magazine's cover story started like this: The world now knows that danger is shining through the sky. The evidence is overwhelming that the earth's stratospheric ozone layer-our shield against the sun's hazardous ultraviolet rays-is being eaten away by man made chemicals far faster than any scientist had predicted. Now this is interesting rhetoric, but there is no evidence here to support this article at all. Where are the facts? The studies? What I will
Chemistry Essay - Water
Chemistry Essay - Water
Chemistry Essay - Water Water covers nearly three quarters of the earth and is present in air, land and, of course, sea. Most living things contain a large proportion of water, the human body is about 60% water. Water is essential for life as we know it. The physical states of water are determined by the structure of its molecules, which in turn is affected by temperature. As ice melts, its rigidly arranged molecules move more and more freely. As water is heated, the molecules move even faster
RUBIDIUM
RUBIDIUM
RUBIDIUM The 37th Element Rubidium is located between potassium and cesium in the first Group on the Periodic Table. It’s atomic number is 37and its atomic mass is 85.4678. In French and German it is rubidium, in Italian and Spanish it is rubidio. History and General Facts Rubidium was discovered spectroscopically in1861 by Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff in Germany. They experimented with spectral lines of light, now called spectroscopy. They noticed that, when heated or burned, different e
Magnesium
Magnesium
Magnesium Magnesium is one of the alkaline-earth metals of main group IIa in the periodic table. Magnesium is a grayish-white metal. Normally magnesium is covered with a layer of oxide, MgO, that protects magnesium from air and water. Magnesium is an important element for plant and animal life. Chlorophylls depend greatly on it.Sir Humphrey Davy discovered magnesium in 1775 at England. It was dicovered when he evaporated magnesium amalgam by mixing a moist magnesia and mercuric oxide. The meani
The Cystic Fibrosis Gene
The Cystic Fibrosis Gene
The Cystic Fibrosis Gene Introduction: Cystic fibrosis is an inherited autosomal recessive disease that exerts its main effects on the digestive system and the lungs. This disease is the most common genetic disorder among Caucasians. Cystic fibrosis affects about one in 2,500 people, with one in twenty five being a heterozygote. With the use of antibiotics, the life span of a person afflicted with CF can be extended up to thirty years however, most die before the age of thirteen.1 Since so many
Justice can not be served until the debate on capital punishment is re
Justice can not be served until the debate on capital punishment is re
Justice can not be served until the debate on capital punishment is resolved and all states have come to agree that the death penalty is the best way to stop crime completely. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition defines execution as the act or an instance of putting to death or being put to death as a lawful penalty. Many people who are against capital punishment are only thinking of the criminal and how cruel it is for them. But, shouldn't we think of the fa
CHLORINE The chemical element chlorine is a poisonous corrosive greeni
CHLORINE The chemical element chlorine is a poisonous corrosive greeni
CHLORINE. The chemical element chlorine is a poisonous, corrosive, greenish-yellow gas that has a sharp, suffocating odor and is 2 1/2 times heavier than air. Volcanic gases sometimes contain a small amount of chlorine gas. Other than that, chlorine is always found combined with other elements. Chlorine is obtained commercially from salt water by electrolysis--that is, by running an electric current through the solution. . Chlorine is changed to its liquid form by compressing the gas, and the l
Biochemistry of Foods
Biochemistry of Foods
Biochemistry of Foods BACKROUND INFORMATION Starch is stored by the plants after photosynthesis takes place. Glucose is made through photosynthesis, photosynthesis makes the glucose, the glucose is transferred into the grass that the cows eat, and the cows make the milk that we eat or drink in dairy products. On the other hand, if the food, such as a vegetable, was growing in the ground, it could contain glucose. Protein is also made through the photosynthesis process. Once again, the glucose i
Abstract
Abstract
Abstract: The problem was to test which nutrient was the most essential for the plant in order for it to grow in a controled enviroment Problem: Which nutrients are essential to make a plant grow in a controled enviroment?   Hypothesis: Nitrogen, a major nutrient, is most essential for a plant's growth. If it is lacking, then the leaves will turn grayish, become shorter, and the plant could possibly die. Materials: 3Tomato Plants 3 Pots 3 Liters water 1500 mg of Ammonium Nitrate 1500 mg of Pota
The element bariumBa is found in the bottom left corner of the periodi
The element bariumBa is found in the bottom left corner of the periodi
The element barium(Ba) is found in the bottom left corner of the periodic table and is in the Alkaline earth metal family and group number two. It is element number fifty-six and has an atomic weight of 137.327. It is in period six. Barium is surrounded on the periodic table by (from bottom left corner left to right) Francium, Radium, Actinium, Lanthanum, Yttrium, Strontium, Rubidium, and Cesium. Barium is solid at room temperature and has a melting point of 1000 K (725.0 C) and a boiling point
The transition metals as a whole are a rather non-reactive group This
The transition metals as a whole are a rather non-reactive group This
The transition metals as a whole are a rather non-reactive group. This group includes some of the most widely used and most precious elements in the world. It includes the elements gold, silver, copper, iron, aluminum, nickel and many others. These elements can be helpful to mankind in many ways. Iron, no doubt, is one of history and today’s most useful substances. Copper has been money, water pipes, jewelry, and has some useful alloys. Gold, history’s most known symbol for money and value has
Organic Chemistry branch of chemistry in which carbon compounds and th
Organic Chemistry branch of chemistry in which carbon compounds and th
Organic Chemistry branch of chemistry in which carbon compounds and their reactions are studied. A wide variety of classes of substances—such as drugs, vitamins, plastics, natural and synthetic fibers, as well as carbohydrates, proteins, and fats—consist of organic molecules. Organic chemists determine the structures of organic molecules, study their various reactions, and develop procedures for the synthesis of organic compounds. Organic chemistry has had a profound effect on life in the 20th
Kunal Patel
Kunal Patel
Kunal Patel U.S. History I Mrs. Farrington The discovery of ether was the greatest American discovery because it helped many to overcome the pain of surgery and helped to form the Theory of Relativity. Without ether, surgery could be one of the most feared things in the world for it would be extremely painful without any type of anesthetic and we may have not known as much as we do about physics today. The substance ether itself was originally discovered somewhere in the 4th century B.C. by the
Caffeine and Decaffeination
Caffeine and Decaffeination
Caffeine and Decaffeination Caffeine (C8H10O2N4) is a mild stimulant extracted from the leaves of many plants. It was first discovered in coffee in 1820. It falls into the category of alkaloids which are organic compounds that always contain at least one nitrogen atom. Caffeine is present in coffee, tea, cacao, and kola plants. Many alkaloids are widely used in medicine for example, morphine. Caffeine is a drug and like all other drugs, after repeated use it can become addicting. Caffeine taken
Calcium
Calcium
Calcium Calcium is a member of the Alkaline Earth metals. In cosmic abundance it is ranked thirteenth, and ranked fifth on Earth, making up 3.64% of the earth’s crust (Microsoft Bookshelf). Total Calcium contents of surface soils are very low compared to its relative content in the earth’s crust and compared to the contents of most of the other major elements that make up the soil. Calcium is a light, malleable, silver-white metal. Calcium is not found in a free, uncombined state in nature beca
What is Cholera
What is Cholera
What is Cholera? Cholera is an acute illness characterized by watery diarrhea that is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Cholera is spread by eating food or drinking water contaminated with the bacteria. Cholera can be confirmed only by the isolation of the causative organism from the diarrheic stools of infected individuals (USFDA 1992). Causes, incidence, and risk factors Cholera is an acute illness characterized by watery diarrhea. The toxin released by the bacteria causes increased se
One of the most common causes of childhood death is the chronic diseas
One of the most common causes of childhood death is the chronic diseas
One of the most common causes of childhood death is the chronic disease of Cystic Fibrosis. Cystic Fibrosis is a generalized dysfunction of the exocrine glands that affects multiple organ systems. The gene responsible for cystic fibrosis encodes a protein that involves chloride transport across epithelial membranes. Over 100 mutations of the gene are known. The passing of the gene can only occur if both parents are carriers of the gene. Symptoms such as increased viscosity of bronchial, pancrea
Cystic Fibrosis
Cystic Fibrosis
Cystic Fibrosis Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease affecting approximately 30,000 children and adults in the United States. Description Cystic Fibrosis causes the body to produce an abnormally thick, sticky mucus, due to the faulty transport of sodium and chloride (salt) within cells lining organs such as the lungs and pancreas, to their outer surfaces. The thick CF mucus also obstructs the pancreas, preventing enzymes from reaching the intestines to help break down and digest food. Symptoms/
Fertilizer
Fertilizer
Fertilizer A fertilizer is any natural or manufactured material that is added to soil to increase plant growth. Plants cannot live without the primary nutritional elements, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium; the secondary elements, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur; and small amounts of boron, chlorine, cobalt, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, and zinc--called micronutrients or trace elements. Plants obtain all these elements from the soil. They must be added to soils deficient in them becaus
The Alkaline Earth Metals
The Alkaline Earth Metals
The Alkaline Earth Metals Group 2A Introduction: This lab was divided into four parts: Part 1 was about testing for hydrogen gas. Part 2 involved finding the pH levels of certain elements. Part 3 was about testing for solubility. Part 4 was simply taking in the observations and making them make sense. Procedure: Part 1: 1) Pour about 2.5 mL of distilled water into a clean, dry test tube and stand the tube in the test tube rack. Add a calcium turning to the water in the tube. To collect gas being
Aluminum
Aluminum
Aluminum Justin Tresize 11\12\98 Per. 3 #13 Properties- Aluminum is the 13 element on the periodic table. It has high malleability and ductility, high electrical conductivity, high thermal conductivity, and high resistance to corrosion. Some useful alloys that are useful are aluminum bronze, alnico, and aluminum alloy, ect. Aluminum is strongly electropositive and extremely reactive. In contact with air, aluminum instantly becomes covered with a rough transparent layer of aluminum oxide. History