Harlem

Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam Believing that communist aggression in South Vietnam could lead to takeover of South East Asia, the United States slowly became more involved in the conflict there during the years of 1954 through 1975. Prior to the War Following World War II, there was a bloody 7 ½ year struggle between Communist Vietnamese and the French for control of the land. A peace conference was finally held in Geneva, Switzerland on July 1954 which determined that French rule would be ended in Vietnam and that
Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey Historians familiar with Garvey's career generally regard him as the preeminent symbol of the insurgent wave of black nationalism that developed in the period following World War I. Although born in Jamaica, Garvey achieved his greatest success in the United States. He did so despite the criticism of many African-American leaders and the covert opposition of the United States Department of Justice and its Bureau of Investigation (forerunner of the FBI). As a young man, Garvey had
Langston HughesLangston Hughes was born on February 1 1902 in Joplin M
Langston HughesLangston Hughes was born on February 1 1902 in Joplin M
Langston Hughes Langston Hughes was born on February 1, 1902 in Joplin, Missouri. His father was James Nathaniel and his mother was Carrie Mercer Langston Hughes. His grandfather was Charles Langston, an Ohio abolitionist. As a young boy he lived in Buffalo, New York, Cleveland, Ohio, Lawrence, Kansas, Mexico City, Topeka, Kansas, Colorado Springs, Colorado, and Kansas City, Kansas. In 1914 his parents divorced and he, his mother, and his stepfather moved to Lincoln, Illinois. In high school bac
Important Presidential Elections
Important Presidential Elections
Important Presidential Elections Some of the most important presidential elections 1812 The election of 1812 consisted of a battle between James Madison, and De Witt Clinton. Madison had represented both Democratic and Republican beliefs, while Clinton was a Federalist. James Madison was born in Port Conway, Va., on March 16, 1751. A Princeton graduate, he joined the struggle for independence on his return to Virginia in 1771. He had been an active politician in the 1770s and 1780s. He was gre
Holli A RamseyRamsey1
Holli A RamseyRamsey1
Holli A. Ramsey Ramsey1 Lit 345 February 24, 1997 Langston Hughes is represented in Black Voices by the Tales of Simple. Hughes first presents his character Jessie B. Semple in the Forward: Who is Simple? In this tale the reader is given its first look at the character Jessie B. Semple who is a black man that represents almost the anybody or everybody of black society. Semple is a man who needs to drink, to num the pain of living life. Usually over a glass of beer, he tells me his tales... w
Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man opens with a prologue describing the mai
Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man opens with a prologue describing the mai
Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man opens with a prologue describing the main character in time after the begining of the body of the book. In the prologue, Ellison tells of the main characters invisibility. It is not a physical invisiblity, but rther he is not recognised, and therefore persieved, by the world at large. This is coupled with the fact that he is constantly trying to be someone else, other than himself, creates for his a complete loss of identity, and he becomes a man without a soul. Th
The goal of every person is to find their place in society The journey
The goal of every person is to find their place in society The journey
The goal of every person is to find their place in society. The journey itself is a hard one, but sometimes unforeseen obstacles make this journey nearly impossible. The book, The Invisible Man, takes us along the journey with a man that has no name. You may think that it is odd not to give the main character of a book a name, but if you think about it, what purpose does a name serve? Isn’t is said that a man’s actions speak louder than his words? In this story, the man’s actions go hand in han
Lesbian Poetry
Lesbian Poetry
Lesbian Poetry Since the beginning of time writers have expressed their deepest thoughts and desires through poetry. In poetry, writers have found that they can express a thought, a memory, a person, a landscape, etc. More often authors write about love, both physical and mental. Found in this genre of love is intimate imagery, suggestive language, and exotic fanticies. Most published love poems express love relationships between men and women but what most anthologies and collections leave out
Passing
Passing
Passing In Nella Larsen’s Passing, we are privy to Irene Redfield’s commentary on her encounters with Clare Kendry. Irene presents herself as a wealthy, well educated, sophisticated woman and a respected member of the Harlem community. Conversely, she describes Clare as traitor to her people (the Harlem society) and socially undesirable due to the fact that she passes as white and marries a white man. Although Irene expresses great contempt for Clare, she also possesses a deep admiration for he
Porgy and Bess symbolizes the end of the black musical tradition that
Porgy and Bess symbolizes the end of the black musical tradition that
Porgy and Bess symbolizes the end of the black musical tradition that flourished in the early part of this century. The play showed the height of white appropriation of what had previously been a black cultural form. All the creative talent backstage was white. This development had been occurring slowly, throughout the 1920’s, but black artists had often worked in a variety of creative capacities. Porgy and Bess became a black musical in its most minimal sense, only as a definition of the c
In the novel The Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison written in 1952 a youn
In the novel The Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison written in 1952 a youn
In the novel, The Invisible Man, by Ralph Ellison, written in 1952, a young black man's struggle to find an identity in a harsh and very manipulative society is exemplified. The narrator's experience and struggles are often expressed through the memory of his grandfather's words, the people he has come in contact with, and the places ha has been. During the course of his life, he has learned many valuable lessons, both about society and himself. This is demonstrated by elements of the plot, cha
The Oppressed
The Oppressed
The Oppressed Dr. Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States might be better titled A Proletarian’s History of the United States. In the first three chapters Zinn looks at not only the history of the conquerors, rulers, and leaders; but also the history of the enslaved, the oppressed, and the led. Like any American History book covering the time period of 1492 until the early 1760’s, A People’s History tells the story of the “discovery” of America, early colonization by European powe
Glory captures the heroism of Colonel Robert Gould Shaw and
Glory captures the heroism of Colonel Robert Gould Shaw and
Glory captures the heroism of Colonel Robert Gould Shaw and the first black regiment in the Civil War, the Massachusetts Fighting Fifty-fourth. An extremely talented cast and crew earned three Academy Awards (cinematography, sound and supporting actor) and five nominations for their work in Glory. The outstanding cinematography, sound, score and acting recreate the events leading up to the Union attack on Fort Wagner on July 18th 1863. Matthew Broderick portrays the young Bostonian abolitioni
Life of A Pioneer
Life of A Pioneer
Life of A Pioneer Born in Washington D.C. in 1899, he started piano lessons when he was a boy, by the age of seventeen, he played professionally. In 1923, he moved to New York City where he played in small nightclubs, theaters, and on the radio, later played at one of the most popular nightclubs of the time in Harlem, The Cotton Club. Lead his orchestra for more than fifty years. Duke Ellington unarguably, was one of the greatest jazz composers that had ever lived. Born in Washington D.C. on Ap
WILLIAM EDWARD BURGHARDT DU BOIS
WILLIAM EDWARD BURGHARDT DU BOIS
WILLIAM EDWARD BURGHARDT DU BOIS (1868-1963) Author, journalist, social reformer, activist, poet, philosopher, and educator W.E.B. Du Bois wielded one of the most influential pens in African-American history. For sixty-six years he functioned not only as a mentor, model, and spokesman for generations of black Americans but also as the conscience of black and white Americans alike who yearned for racial equality and social justice. Born in 1868 during the painful period of Reconstruction, Du Boi
Rap war
Rap war
Rap war Shots ring out in South Central Los Angeles. A man screams in horror. This man has been shot in a heated gang war. This is everyday life for gang members. Gang members are used to cold blooded murder and most attend at least 5 funerals a week. Similar situations occur in Harlem, New York and in other places around the country. Why is this happening? Many people think that rap music is making kids more violent. They think that rap music is just a glorification of violence. All rap music
A review and summary of the first three chapters of Howard Zinn's A Pe
A review and summary of the first three chapters of Howard Zinn's A Pe
A review and summary of the first three chapters of Howard Zinn's A People's History... The Zen of Zinn: A look at the first 3 chapters of A People's History of the US Dr. Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States might be better titled A Proletarian’s History of the United States. In the first three chapters Zinn looks at not only the history of the conquerors, rulers, and leaders; but also the history of the enslaved, the oppressed, and the led. Like any American History book cover
The Values of the Invisible Man
The Values of the Invisible Man
The Values of the Invisible Man I awoke, there was a crash on the upper deck. I heard a thunderous crackling from my head above. I ran up the stairs and what I saw devastated me. The small wooden boat was completely coated in billowy flames. Help, help, somebody please! I slowly moved towards the sound being careful to dodge flames as much as possible. The smoke was choking me. I could see a faint outline of a face across the deck. It was Tom, my lifelong friend and companion. He was completely
Claude McKay America
Claude McKay America
Claude McKay: America English Literature “All aboard! Next stop…. the new world!” This phrase has been repeated many of times throughout history to all the people with hopes, dreams, and aspirations to live with dignity and absolute freedom. This was the case of one aspiring and venturous immigrant, Claude McKay. Believing in the equality and freedom of the poor and backwards peasantry he had left behind in Jamaica, he sought to establish a new life in the United States with a similar dream in h
Harlem Renaissance
Harlem Renaissance
Harlem Renaissance 17-04-04 “A heightened concern with artistic form and a concern for representing the social world are not at odds with one another. Indeed, new social forms require new forms of representation.” Poets and writers associated with the Harlem Renaissance manage to both represent and contradict this statement, depending on the point at which we analyze them As a relatively new social caste they saw opportunities in modern forms of artistic expression like jazz or the blues, but th
Marcus Garvey and the Back to Africa Movement
Marcus Garvey and the Back to Africa Movement
Marcus Garvey and the Back to Africa Movement English 102 May 19, 2003 Marcus Garvey was born on August 17, 1887 to Marcus Sr. and Sarah Garvey in Isle Springs, Jamaica. As a child, says Adam Larclough in his book, Better Day Coming; Blacks Equality, Garvey grew up in St Ann Bay where he taught morals and respect by his mother and father. At the age of eighteen Marcus went to Kingston to work at Benjamin’s printery where he experienced his first strike. The strike failed because the treasurer ra
THE LIFE OF MY FAVOURITE RAPPER TU PAC SHAKUR
THE LIFE OF MY FAVOURITE RAPPER TU PAC SHAKUR
THE LIFE OF MY FAVOURITE RAPPER TU PAC SHAKUR Tupac Amaru Shakur 1971 - 1996 DOB: June 16, 1971 - Brooklyn, NY DOD: September 13, 1996 - Las Vegas, NV Height: 5'10 Weight: 168 Mother: Afeni Shakur Father: William Garland Step Father: Jeral Wayne Williams AKA Mutula Shakur Half Sister: Sekyiwa Shakur Half Brother: Maurice Harding (Mopreme of Thug Life) Godfather: Elmer Geronimo Pratt Music Groups: One Nation Emcees, Two From The Crew, Strictly Dope, Digital Underground, Thug Life, Outlaw Immortal
Pearl Bailey
Pearl Bailey
Pearl Bailey 3-1-04 English Research Paper Pearl Bailey was born in March Twenty-ninth Nineteen Eighteen in Newport News, Virginia to the minister of a church known as the “Holy Roller.” Pearl Bailey never had the professional training to be a singer or any other necessary classes or teachers to become professional, yet against all odds Pearl Bailey still became famous during the Harlem Renaissance. Pearl Bailey received most of her singing education due to the fact that her father was the minis
The 1920s
The 1920s
The 1920s Entertainment in America was appearing all over the place. People wanted an escape from reality, they wanted to escape life. To do this, they turned to entertainment. In music, Jazz was the big hit. White composers popularized Jazz. Irving Berlin's Alexander Ragtime Band was a big hit through the masses. The most powerful form of entertainment was the movies. The movies were generally controlled by brilliant Jews who spent countless hours perfecting it. Great movie stars directors were
1920s
1920s
1920s 3/14/04 Rising out of the trenches of World War I, the United States enjoyed innovations in the arts and entertainment and the quick fortunes that could be made in business, all of which were elements of the so-called “roaring twenties”. The fervor for reform of the progressive era was all but dead by the turn of the decade, but its remnants affected the culture that followed. The art, music and literature of the time expressed both the disillusionment of the recent past along with hope fo
African Americans Throughout 1917-1945
African Americans Throughout 1917-1945
African Americans Throughout 1917-1945 The history of the struggle of blacks to gain equality and freedom in America is a disturbing, grievous story, that reveals the courage and determination of the black community. In the period, 1917-1945, African Americans were concerned with achieving equality under the law. They however, fell victim to harsh discrimination from the whites. Many events such as the ‘great migration’, the ‘Black Renaissance’, black political movements, and the Great Depressio
Tupac Amaru Shakur
Tupac Amaru Shakur
Tupac Amaru Shakur On June 17, 1971 Tupac Amaru Shakur was born in East Harlem public hospital New York. His mother Afeni Shakur spent part of her pregnancy with Tupac in New York Women’s Correctional Facility due to the many charges brought against her and twenty other Black Panther members, one of which included a conspiracy to bomb many public buildings in New York (Powell 22). The case against her dragged on for twenty-five months. While on bail she courted “…two men-Legs, a straight up gang
There is no such thing as equality
There is no such thing as equality
There is no such thing as equality Equality has been the root of much controversy beginning with mid 20th century. What Martin Luther King and the likes of him tried to accomplish has been on the governments’ agenda for many years. In addition, anti-discrimination activists are all the time in the works handing out don’t-stand-by-get-involved fliers and joyfully accepting whoever might take an interest in joining their activity. Advocates say that discrimination would in the end cause a breakup
Immigrants and Crime
Immigrants and Crime
Immigrants and Crime: Out of the Melting Pot and into the Fire English 102.5 Research Project 1 Crime is inherent in our nature. When Eve took the bite of the apple it was the first sin, but whether in legend, religion or history, all evidence leads to the same thing: as long as there are laws or rules of any kind, there will be people to break them. As the saying goes, rules are meant to be broken. Crime has no limits whether in time or space, race or culture. It is the ultimate “given” in the
Langston Hughes
Langston Hughes
Langston Hughes The poetry of Langston Hughes is an effective commentary on the situation of African-Americans in America during the 20th-Century. Langston Hughes places specific emphasis on Harlem, a black area in New York that “became a destination of many hopeful blacks in the first half of the 1900’s” (McKay, 23). In most/much of Hughes’ poetry, a theme that is constantly shown is the theme of a “dream deferred.” The recurrence of a “dream deferred” in several of Hughes’ poems shows a clear
The Black Muslims
The Black Muslims
The Black Muslims HRW 3A May 18, 2001 Rapper Chuck D of the politically charged group Public Enemy once proclaimed that the Black Man did not land on Plymouth Rock as the white pilgrims are believed to have done, but instead Plymouth Rock landed on the Black Man. It had taken nearly four hundred years for the Black Man to climb from beneath this proverbial rock. Leading the climb during the civil rights movement was the Nation of Islam, the most influential and directional group in the history o
Waging War against the War on Drugs
Waging War against the War on Drugs
Waging War against the War on Drugs There exists a War on Drugs in our nation; a war that we are unfortunately losing. Our government is protecting the monopoly of the black market by prohibiting the use of non-prescription drugs. There is a great demand for which there must be a great supply and the present laws forbidding drug trade and usage promote the growth of the black market. It is time that we realize that the multi-dimensional socio-economic problem does not have one solution and that
Invisible Man
Invisible Man
Invisible Man English II Hon. May 16, 2004 Invisible Man, by Ralph Ellison, is a fictitious, however truthful for the genre, expose on racism in the Deep South. Invisible Man was Ellison’s first and only novel. He left a second novel unfinished at his death. Flying Home and Other Stories was published posthumously in 1996. In the 1920s, this story is told by a black man who believes that since he is treated without respect or equality that he will become invisible. At first the concept seems str
AUGUST 1998 SPEECH AT MARCUS GARVEY'S BIRTHDAY CELEBRATION
AUGUST 1998 SPEECH AT MARCUS GARVEY'S BIRTHDAY CELEBRATION
AUGUST 1998, SPEECH AT MARCUS GARVEY'S BIRTHDAY CELEBRATION In my opinion, Marcus Garvey was the greatest organizer of Afrikan people ever in the western hemisphere, meaning the Americas. The only person who has come close since is Minister Farrakhan of the Nation of Islam and if he continues he may exceed Garvey. Marcus founded and led the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in 1914. At its peak it had over 2 million members worldwide, 700 chapters in the united states, 74 chapters i
Assimilation Adaptation and Adjustment of Immigrants as They Enter Ame
Assimilation Adaptation and Adjustment of Immigrants as They Enter Ame
Assimilation, Adaptation, and Adjustment of Immigrants as They Enter American Culture Must pray on Saturday and can not keep the store open, anticipate loss of business; you are Jewish. Pray in school, anticipate objections; you are Muslim. Pray to 330 million gods, anticipate fear and injustice; you are Hindu. The United States of America is a country that welcomes immigrants with open arms to live in and bring their own religions, cultures, and traditions. Over time, as different religions com
Malc X
Malc X
Malc X Malcom X was a man known widely for his strong beliefs. His willingness to accept the preaching of Elijah Muhammad and serve him loyaly, was due to his past experiences with the white man. Starting off as a boy in Lansing, next moving to Boston, then living in Harlem, his experinces with various white people shaped his belief system. Towards the end of his life, his interaction with group of very different white people on his pilgrimage brought about a change in his beliefs While Malcom X
Death and violence are these two words synonymous with rap music Rap
Death and violence are these two words synonymous with rap music Rap
Death and violence, are these two words synonymous with rap music? Rap has always been a center of controversy. This is because of the rivalry between the East and West Coast artists, and because of recent deaths. The death and rumors around Tupac Shakur is a recent event. Rap is also very often linked to inner city gangs, which help add to the violence issue. People have tried to ban rap since the beginning. Some say it depicts real life, others think it creates people’s attitudes. Gangsta rap
America holds a rich artistic background expressively reflecting the
America holds a rich artistic background expressively reflecting the
America holds a rich artistic background, expressively reflecting the circumstances and times of their place. Of these creative endeavors, the most cultural and uniquely American musical tradition is that of the art of Jazz. Jazz musicians are able to express themselves musically and expressively by telling a story, idea, or feeling through the infusion of complex rhythm and musical interface, which often comes so effortlessly and naturally to these musicians. Their instrument provided a voice
Throughout American history each generation has sought to individualiz
Throughout American history each generation has sought to individualiz
Throughout American history, each generation has sought to individualize itself from all others preceding it. Decades of American history can be separated to represent a distinctive set of values, culture, and political ideals. The 1960's was a decade caught between euphoric, idealistic beginnings and a discordant, violent climax. The music of this time period produced a strong counterculture which sought to influence America in a way never before experienced. The songs were the backbone of thi
Needle Exchange Programs
Needle Exchange Programs
Needle Exchange Programs More than a million people in the United States inject drugs, at a cost to society (in health care, lost productivity, accidents, and crime) of more than fifty billion dollars a year. (Holland n.p.). According to the Department of Health and Human Services, there were 216,000 heroin addicts nationwide in 1996, the latest year for which statistics are available.(Wickenheiser n.p.) One third of all AIDS cases are due to injection drug use. For women, sixty-four percent of
Basketball
Basketball
Basketball Ball game between two teams of five players on an indoor enclosed court. The object is, via a series of passing moves, to throw the large inflated ball through a circular hoop and net positioned at each end of the court, 3.05 m/10 ft above the ground. The first world championship for men was held 1950, and 1953 for women. They are now held every four years. The court In the USA the standard court is 28.7 m/94 ft long and 16.5 m/54 ft wide, with a backboard at the centre of each end o
Introduction
Introduction
Introduction Basketball is an athletic sport, usually played on an indoor court in which two competing teams of five players each attempt to score by throwing an inflated ball so that it descends through one of two baskets suspended, at each end of the court, above their heads. The team scoring the most such throws, through field goals or foul shots, wins the game. Because of its continuous action and frequent scoring, basketball is one of the most popular spectator as well as participant sport
Ch12 Paul Whiteman1890-1967 a classically trained violinist and violis
Ch12 Paul Whiteman1890-1967 a classically trained violinist and violis
Ch.12 Paul Whiteman(1890-1967)= a classically trained violinist and violist who adored jazz but lacked the gift to emulate the uninhibited improvisations of the jazz musicians he admired, formed a dance band in the early twenties that played jazzy arrangements of popular and even classical melodies. Blues = a black vocal folk music, began as vocal (largely instrumental). Classical blues = based on 3 lines of text. Wild wame don’t do the blues. Urban Blues = blues pieces written for publication
Washington George 1732-1799 first president of the United States 1789-
Washington George 1732-1799 first president of the United States 1789-
Washington, George (1732-1799), first president of the United States (1789-1797) and one of the most important leaders in United States history. His role in gaining independence for the American colonies and later in unifying them under the new U.S. federal government cannot be overestimated. Laboring against great difficulties, he created the Continental Army, which fought and won the American Revolution (1775-1783), out of what was little more than an armed mob. After an eight-year struggle,
George Orson Welles known more commonly as Orson Welles was a director
George Orson Welles known more commonly as Orson Welles was a director
George Orson Welles, known more commonly as Orson Welles was a director, producer, writer, and actor. Mr. Welles was born on May 6, 1915, in Kenosha, Wisconsin. His father was an inventor and manufacturer and his mother a talented pianist. Welles was regarded as an absolute genius from early childhood and his creative abilities were encouraged and nurtured. His early childhood was to a large extent, directed by his mother's physician and admirer, Dr. Maurice Bernstein. (Russell 9) He made a suc
Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington Duke Ellington was a famous African- American jazz pianist, bandleader, and composer. Many critics rate him as one of the figures in jazz, and certainly its most significant composer. Edward Kennedy Ellington came into the world on April 29, 1899, in Washington D.C. While many musical greats begin with music at the early ages of three or four, Edward didn’t begin to play the piano until he was seven. By 17, tens years later, he had already made his professional debut. In 1923, he
On February 21 King is indicted along with twenty-four other ministers
On February 21 King is indicted along with twenty-four other ministers
On February 21, King is indicted, along with twenty-four other ministers and more than one hundred other blacks, for conspiring to prevent the Montgomery bus company from operation of business. A United States Discrit Court rules on June 4 that racial segregation on Alabama's city bus lines is unconstitutional. On November 13, the United States Supreme Court uninamously upholds the decision. On December 21, blacks and whites in Montgomery ride for the first time on previously segregated buses.
The way our government treats
The way our government treats
The way our government treats African-Americans has improved over the years. Especially during the period of time following the Civil War when the end of slavery came. The prejudice behaviors of some of the American population did not end with last gun shot of the Civil War though. Throughout the years our country has bore trough since the conclusion of the war there has been traces of racism everywhere. It has been witnessed in our California riots via Rodney King and it has been seen in such
Billie Holiday is one of the greatest jazz-blues singers of all time s
Billie Holiday is one of the greatest jazz-blues singers of all time s
Billie Holiday is one of the greatest jazz-blues singers of all time, she is also known as Lady Day. Born Eleanor Fagan in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, she spent an extremely poor childhood in Baltimore. Both her parents were in their early teens when she was born (her mother was 13). Her father, Clarence Holiday, left when she was a baby. Billie was also blamed for the death of her grandmother when she was six years old. Billie’s education ended at the fifth grade when her mother moved them to N
Malcolm X A Journey to Righteousness
Malcolm X A Journey to Righteousness
Malcolm X: A Journey to Righteousness Deep within the heated movement of the civil rights movement burned the soul of one of the most controversial figures to date, Malcolm X. The question of his contribution to the civil rights movement still stands today. But a journey through time will reveal that through his experiences Malcolm X became not only a positive contribution to the movement but also turned his identity from a vehemently anti-white racist to a brotherhood loving mainstream Muslim.