French Invasion Of Russia

Napoleon
Napoleon
Napoleon Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica, and was given the name Napoleone Buonaperte. He was the second of eight children of Carlo and Letizia Buonaperte, both of the Corsican-Italian gentry. Before Napoleone, no Buonaparte had ever been a professional soldier. His father Carlo, was a lawyer who had fought for Corsican independence, but after the French occupied the island in 1768, he served as a prosecutor and a judge and entered the French aristocracy as a count. Thr
Restore the Emperor Expel the Barbarians The Causes of the Showa Resto
Restore the Emperor Expel the Barbarians The Causes of the Showa Resto
Restore the Emperor Expel the Barbarians: The Causes of the Showa Restoration Sonno joi, Restore the Emperor and expel the Barbarians, was the battle cry that ushered in the Showa Restoration in Japan during the 1930's.Footnote1 The Showa Restoration was a combination of Japanese nationalism, Japanese expansionism, and Japanese militarism all carried out in the name of the Showa Emperor, Hirohito. Unlike the Meiji Restoration, the Showa Restoration was not a resurrection of the Emperor's powe
Restore the Emperor Expel the Barbarians The Causes of the Showa Res
Restore the Emperor Expel the Barbarians The Causes of the Showa Res
Restore the Emperor Expel the Barbarians: The Causes of the Showa Restoration Sonno joi, Restore the Emperor and expel the Barbarians, was the battle cry that ushered in the Showa Restoration in Japan during the 1930's.Footnote1 The Showa Restoration was a combination of Japanese nationalism, Japanese expansionism, and Japanese militarism all carried out in the name of the Showa Emperor, Hirohito. Unlike the Meiji Restoration, the Showa Restoration was not a resurrection of the Emperor's po
Indochina
Indochina
Indochina Indochina is made up of Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. It was colonized by the French in the late 1800s and given up in 1939. Japan tookover France’s loss after that. After Japan’s defeat in 1945, Vietnam’s patriot and communist, Ho Chi Minh and his Viet Minh declared Vietnam independent. After that, France came to claim their loss. The US supported France fearing the Domino Theory would take affect after in 1949 China fell to communism. In 1950, the US sent troops to South Korea
NAPOLEON I
NAPOLEON I
NAPOLEON I Napoleon's life was a very interesting one. Starting a poor boy, hated by most, rising to rule a huge empire, and then finally being destroyed by his own arrogance and ending his life humbled, remembering what he had doe, and leaving it all in his memoirs for the world to read. Napoleon was born in 1769, on the Island of Corsica. His parents, Carlo and Letizia Bonaparte, were poor nobles. When Napoleon was just 10 years old, his father helped to get him a mathematical scholarship to
Napoleon was born on August 15 1769 in Ajaccio Corsica and was given t
Napoleon was born on August 15 1769 in Ajaccio Corsica and was given t
Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica, and was given the name Napoleone Buonaperte. He was the second of eight children of Carlo and Letizia Buonaperte, both of the Corsican-Italian gentry. Before Napoleone, no Buonaparte had ever been a professional soldier. His father Carlo, was a lawyer who had fought for Corsican independence, but after the French occupied the island in 1768, he served as a prosecutor and a judge and entered the French aristocracy as a count. Through his
THE LIFE OF NAPOLEON BONAPARTE
THE LIFE OF NAPOLEON BONAPARTE
THE LIFE OF NAPOLEON BONAPARTE This essay will illustrate why Napoleon Bonaparte is regarded as one of the greatest military masterminds in the history of mankind. It will show the life of Napoleon from when he was a young boy, till he died in 1821. It will show how he deceived the French into giving him power, and how he used this power for his own interests. It will also reveal how he almost killed of an entire generation of French people, and once again prove that all good things must come t
Nuh-poh'-lee-uhn
Nuh-poh'-lee-uhn
{nuh-poh'-lee-uhn} Napoleon I, known as Napoleon Bonaparte before he became emperor, was probably the most brilliant military figure in history. Rising to command of the French Revolutionary armies, he seized political power as first consul in 1799 and proclaimed himself emperor in 1804. By repeated victories over various European coalitions, he extended French rule over much of Europe. He was finally defeated in 1814-15. Early Life Napoleon was born on Aug. 15, 1769, to Carlo and Letizia Buona
NAZISM The National Socialist German Workers Party almost died one mor
NAZISM The National Socialist German Workers Party almost died one mor
NAZISM The National Socialist German Workers Party almost died one morning in 1919. It numbered only a few dozen grumblers it had no organization and no political ideas. But many among the middle class admired the Nazis muscular opposition to the Social Democrats. And the Nazis themes of patriotism and militarism drew highly emotional responses from people who could not forget Germanys prewar imperial grandeur. In the national elections of September 1930, the Nazis garnered nearly 6.5 millio
Untitled
Untitled
kh!w4 TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS GRADE EIGHT (SAMPLE)QUESTION BOOKLET PAPER ONE TIME LIMIT;95 MIN.= PART ` LISTENING COMPREHENSION ;40 min.= In Section A,B and C you will hear everything ONCE only.Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow.Mark the correct response for each question you hear. SECTION A TALK Questions 1 to 5 refer to the talk in this section.At the end of the talk you will be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following five questions. Now Listen to th
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution I. Absolutism A. Absolutism defined 1. In the absolutist state, sovereignty resided in kings--not the nobility or the parliament--who considered themselves responsible to God alone. 2. Absolute kings created new state bureaucracies and standing armies, regulated all the institutions of government, and secured the cooperation of the nobility. a. Some historians deny that absolutism was a stage of development that followed feudalism, but, instead, was administrative monarchy.
Barbarossa Soviet Covering Forces and the Initial Period of War Milita
Barbarossa Soviet Covering Forces and the Initial Period of War Milita
Barbarossa, Soviet Covering Forces and the Initial Period of War: Military History and Airland Battle The issues surrounding the German attack upon the Soviet Union in June 1941 continue to attract the attention of historians and military analysts. The nature of the Soviet response to that attack has, as recent articles in Air University Review suggest, set off heated polemics. The appearance of Bryan Fugate's Operation Barbarossa with its assertion that the Soviet High Command did, indeed, have
Causes of the First World War
Causes of the First World War
Causes of the First World War In the summer of 1914 a massive war was started between the great powers. In this essay I will investigate the causes of World War 1 and try to work out which country or countries were to blame for starting it. In the 1800's, Britain was by far the leading nation. It had an enormous world-wide empire and powerful navy to protect the large amount of land overseas that it owned. Britain manufactured many different goods, which were exported to other countries, includi
Chapter 41 The Stormy Sixties
Chapter 41 The Stormy Sixties
Chapter 41: The Stormy Sixties ~ 1960 1968 ~ I. Kennedys New Frontier Spirit 1. In 1960, young, energetic John F. Kennedy was elected to president of the United Statesthe youngest man ever elected to that office. 2. The 1960s would bring a sexual revolution, a civil rights revolutions, the emergence of a youth culture, a devastating war in Vietnam, and the beginnings of a feminist revolution. 3. JFK delivered a stirring inaugural address, and he also assembled a very young cabinet, inc
League of Nations
League of Nations
League of Nations The League of Nations was an international organization created after the First World War. The Covenant establishing the League was part of the Treaty of Versailles. The aims of the League were to promote international co-operation and to achieve international peace and security. The League of Nations was an association of states which had pledged themselves, through signing the Covenant not to go to war before submitting their disputes with each other, or states not members of
Napoleon Bonaparte
Napoleon Bonaparte
Napoleon Bonaparte In the age of Enlightenment the political landscape was changing. Therefore, the French rebelled against King Louie XIV and Marie Antoinette. Thus, the emergence of Napoleon. Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio on the island of Corsica near Italy. He was one of eight children born to Carlo and Letizia Buonaparte. Carlo was a lawyer branching off his family to the Florentine nobility. Napoleon went to many schools throughout his life. In 1779 he went to sc
Report on World War I
Report on World War I
Report on World War I Table of contentsPage 0: introduction Page 1: years leading up to the war:1850-1914Page 2:causes of warPage 3:war breaks outPage 3:Land warfare, war plansPage 4:land warfare,1914Page 8:Land warfare,1915Page 10:land warfare,1916Page 12:land warfare,1917Page 15:land warfare,1918Page 21:naval warfare, war plansPage 22: naval warfare, generalPage 23:air warfare, generalPage 23:endingPage 24:references Chapter 1: introduction August 2nd, 1914: Europe was darkened by the horrible
Analysis of Leo Tolstoy and his work How Much Land Does A Man Need
Analysis of Leo Tolstoy and his work How Much Land Does A Man Need
Analysis of Leo Tolstoy and his work How Much Land Does A Man Need? How Much Land Does A Man Need?, by Leo Tolstoy was influenced by his life and times. Leo Tolstoy encountered many things throughout his life that influenced his works. His life itself influenced him, along with poverty, greed and peasant days in 19th century Russia. Tolstoy's eventful life impacted his works. Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy was born into a family of aristocratic landowners in 1828 at the family estate at Yasnaya Polyan
WSumith Wickramasinghe of Sri Lanka
WSumith Wickramasinghe of Sri Lanka
W.Sumith Wickramasinghe of Sri Lanka Sumith Wickramasinghe was born on the island of Ceylon as it was known in 1935. His illustrious parents were Wickremarachige Subatheris and Somawathie Wickramasinghe - both his parents were Headteachers in two different village schools - Sumith's mother was Principal of Ambaraluwa Maha Vidyalaya in the village in Weliweriya in the Gampaha district. To this day Sri Lanka enjoys one of the highest literacy rates in Asia - the key message is education, education
Discuss the issues of publishing pictures that have been altered using
Discuss the issues of publishing pictures that have been altered using
Discuss the issues of publishing pictures that have been altered using a computer. Picture and subject manipulations have been a part of photography since it was first invented. But because of computer technology, digital manipulations are relatively easy to accomplish, hard to detect and perhaps more alarming, alter the original image so that checking the authenticity of the picture is impossible. Some critics have predicted that in a few years, images -- whether still or moving -- will not be
The National Socialist German Workers' Party almost died one
The National Socialist German Workers' Party almost died one
The National Socialist German Workers Party almost died one morning in 1919. It numbered only a few dozen grumblers it had no organization and no political ideas. But many among the middle class admired the Nazis muscular opposition to the Social Democrats. And the Nazis themes of patriotism and militarism drew highly emotional responses from people who could not forget Germanys prewar imperial grandeur. In the national elections of September 1930, the Nazis garnered nearly 6.5 million votes
Explain why and how  Hitler and the NSDAP began to attract some suppor
Explain why and how Hitler and the NSDAP began to attract some suppor
Explain why and how, Hitler and the NSDAP began to attract some support from people in Germany betwe Explain why and how, Hitler and the NSDAP began to attract some support from people in Germany between 1919 and 1923. There were many reasons why Hitler got into power: the defeat in world war one, Treaty of Versailles, �stab in the back theory�, weak leadership, fear of communist/revolutions, economic impact of world war one, reparations, hyperinflations of 1923, French invasion of the Ruhr.
CURRENT EVENTS 1945-1996
CURRENT EVENTS 1945-1996
CURRENT EVENTS: 1945-1996 1945 On April 12 Harry S. Truman became President of the United States of America., In Washington, D.C. On August 6 at 9:15 a.m. US fighter planes dropped an Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima Japan. In Berlin, Germany on April 30, Adolf Hitler was found dead, Hitler committed suicide. 1946 On October 16 in Nurenburg, 9 Nazi war criminals were hanged for the crimes during WW II. On April 25 Big Four Ministers met in Paris to finalize a treaty with Germany, to end WWII. In Austria
The Life and Death of President John F Kennedy
The Life and Death of President John F Kennedy
The Life and Death of President John F. Kennedy President Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, in Brooklin, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston. The other eight Kennedy children were Joseph, Jr. Rosemary Kathleen Eunice Patricia Robert F. Jean Edward M. Ted . As the Kennedy children grew up, their parents encouraged them to develop their own talents and interests. Loyalty to each other was important to the Kennedys. But the brothers and sisters also developed a strong competitive spirit. Jack, as h
NAZISM
NAZISM
NAZISM The National Socialist German Workers Party almost died one morning in 1919. It numbered only a few dozen grumblers it had no organization and no political ideas. But many among the middle class admired the Nazis muscular opposition to the Social Democrats. And the Nazis themes of patriotism and militarism drew highly emotional responses from people who could not forget Germanys prewar imperial grandeur. In the national elections of September 1930, the Nazis garnered nearly 6.5 millio
Overview
Overview
Overview Born : March 24, 1919 Birthplace : Yonkers, New York Lawrence Ferlinghetti poet, innovator, and publisher, received his M.A. from Columbia University in 1948 and his doctorate from the Sorbonne in 1950. Ferlinghettti spent 1941to 1945 in the U.S. Navy, serving as a command officer during the Normandy invasion. After the war, Ferlinghetti worked for Time magazine in the mail room. He eventually left this tedious dead-end job to attend Columbia in pursuit of his literary career. Inspire
What role should the US play in World Defense
What role should the US play in World Defense
What role should the U.S. play in World Defense? English II-3rd Hour Research Paper What role should the United States play in World Defense? To some, this may seem like a simple question to answer, and to others it may be a question that can be debated and talked about for hours at end. This question which I am dealing with has probably come up several times in this century, especially in the last fifty(50) years or so. First of all, let me start out with some statistics and facts that may st
President Kennedy was born on May 29 1917 in Brooklin Massachusetts a
President Kennedy was born on May 29 1917 in Brooklin Massachusetts a
President Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, in Brooklin, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston. The other eight Kennedy children were Joseph, Jr. Rosemary Kathleen Eunice Patricia Robert F. Jean Edward M. Ted. As the Kennedy children grew up, their parents encouraged them to develop their own talents and interests. Loyalty to each other was important to the Kennedys. But the brothers and sisters also developed a strong competitive spirit. Jack, as his family called him, and Joe, his older brother
Napoleon Bonaparte I was definitely one of the most influential people
Napoleon Bonaparte I was definitely one of the most influential people
Napoleon Bonaparte I was definitely one of the most influential people in the history of Europe and the rest of the world. He quickly rose through the ranks of being a Corsican National Guard soldier to being the one of the greatest military commanders of all time and the French emperor who would try to conquer the entire world. On August 15, 1769, Napoleon was born into a family that would have a total of 8 children, him being the second. He was the son of Carlo Buonaparte, a lawyer who fought
The US and the Middle East Peace Process
The US and the Middle East Peace Process
The U.S. and the Middle East Peace Process It is the best of times, it is the worst of times -Charles Dickens The Middle East and their constant struggle for peace has been in the news for years. There has been a great deal of controversy over whether it will work and, if it will, when and how. As Secretary of State Warren Christopher said of the middle east peace process on January 18, 1996, Today, for the first time in half a century, we stand on the threshold of ending the Arab-Israeli co
Napoleon Bonaparte
Napoleon Bonaparte
Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769, to Carlo and Letizia Buonaparte at Ajaccio, Corsica. Napoleons family was Italian, but he later dropped the u in his name to make it appear more French. Napoleon was the second of eight children that reached adulthood. As a child, Napoleon was small and puny. His oversized head often threw him off balance and he had a terrible temper. At the age of 10, Napoleon was accepted at the military academy of Brienne, in northern Fr
Origins of World War one
Origins of World War one
Origins of World War one When asked to discuss the origins of the first world war, there is generally little debate. Most would site the growth of Germany as an economic, military and naval power, the rise in nationalism and an arms race throughout Europe. All of which was characterized by the growing occurrence of political disruptions, culminated by the assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand in Serbia. This is, of course true, but many historians tend neglect the effect of demographic change on
World War I military conflict from 1914 to 1918 that began as a local
World War I military conflict from 1914 to 1918 that began as a local
World War I, military conflict, from 1914 to 1918, that began as a local European war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, was transformed into a general European struggle by declaration of war against Russia; and eventually became a global war involving 32 nations. Twenty-eight of these nations, including Great Britain, France, Russia, and the United States, known as the Allies, opposed the Central Powers, consisting of mainly Germany, Austria-Hungary. It cost the lives of more than 8 million s
The Olympic Games an international sports competition are held once ev
The Olympic Games an international sports competition are held once ev
The Olympic Games, an international sports competition, are held once every four years at a different site, where athletes from different nations compete against each other in a wide variety of sports. There are two classifications of Olympics, the Summer Olympics and the Winter Olympics. Through 1992 they were held in the same year, but beginning in 1994 they were rescheduled so that they are held in alternate even-numbered years. For example, the Winter Olympics were held in 1994 and the Summ
The French Revolution and The Age of Napoleon
The French Revolution and The Age of Napoleon
The French Revolution and The Age of Napoleon The French Revolution was a major transformation of the society and political system of France. During the course of the Revolution, France was temporarily transformed from an absolute monarchy, where the King Louie had all the power, to a republic of free citizens. The effects of the French Revolution were wide spread and ranks as one of the most important events in the history of Europe. First we must take a look at what caused the French Revoluti
Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States
Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States
Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a vast nation that arose from a scattering of British colonial outposts in the New World. The first humans to inhabit the North American continent were migrants from northeast Asia who established settlements in North America as early as 8000 BC and possibly much earlier (see NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGY). By about AD 1500 the native peoples of the areas north of the Rio Grande had developed a variety of different c
Hitler Adolf 1889-1945
Hitler Adolf 1889-1945
Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945) Founder and leader of the Nazi Party, Reich Chancellor and guiding spirit of the Third Reich from 1933 to 1945, Head of State and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria, on 20 April 1889. The son of a fifty-two-year-old Austrian customs official, Alois Schickelgruber Hitler, and his third wife, a young peasant girl, Klara Poelzl, both from the backwoods of lower Austria, the young Hitler was a resentful, discontented chi
WORLD HISTORY Change Gathers Steam 1800-40
WORLD HISTORY Change Gathers Steam 1800-40
WORLD HISTORY: Change Gathers Steam: 1800-40 French ideals and empire spread. Inspired by the ideals of the French Revolution, and supported by the expanding French armies, new republican regimes arose near France: the Batavian Republic in the Netherlands (1795-1806), the Helvetic Republic in Switzerland (1798-1803), the Cisalpine Republic in N Italy (1797-1805), the Ligurian Republic in Genoa (1797-1805), and the Parthenopean Republic in S Italy (1799). A Roman Republic existed briefly in 1798
When Germany invaded Russia in 1941 they did so neither near-sighted o
When Germany invaded Russia in 1941 they did so neither near-sighted o
When Germany invaded Russia in 1941, they did so neither near-sighted or as a back-handed diplomatic ploy. While Russia remained a key objective to Hitler, it was also seen as a necessity for long-term victory and survival in Europe for Germany. Plan Yellow, as developed by Field Marshal Erich von Manstein, called upon the pre-emptive strike against an imperialistic Russia, using speed and superior leadership as keys to victory. To always remember the axiom: History is written by the conqu
The effects of the P-51 Mustang in World War II
The effects of the P-51 Mustang in World War II
The effects of the P-51 Mustang in World War II P-51 Mustang w/ WWII The Effect of the North American P-51 Mustang On the Air War in Europe by David Buckingham [email protected] IBH 20th Century History Mr. Peloquin George Mason High School Falls Church, Virginia March 27, 1995 [Unfortunately, we don't have a digitized image of this photo.] [Photo caption] Harry R. Ankeny, Jr., the author's grandfather, with his P-51, Betsy, (named for the author's grandmother) at the end of his combat tour on
AIDS AND IMMUNITY
AIDS AND IMMUNITY
AIDS AND IMMUNITY Battling the Perfect Immune System Killer It's hard to tell if the glass is half full or half empty, Ilana Fogelman said, shrugging her shoulders. She was speaking of her Food and Drug Administration research on the immune responses of AIDS patients who have been taking the powerful triple-drug combination therapy called HAART. Pointing to her work, posted on a wall at the 12th World Conference on AIDS here, she knitted her brow and then concluded, We'll have to do some more
Life Of Napoelan Bonaparte
Life Of Napoelan Bonaparte
Life Of Napoelan Bonaparte Few individuals have come along that have captivated the imaginations of their contemporaries and of historians. Perhaps the most prolific of these characters is Napoleon Bonaparte. The part of his life often found most intriguing was his humble beginnings. Here, like some Hollywood movie is the tale of an exceptional man whose intelligence and rise from the bottom is eventually defeated by his flaws, which cause him to fall from power. He was born in Corsica just off
The Effects Of The P-51 Mustang In World War II
The Effects Of The P-51 Mustang In World War II
The Effects Of The P-51 Mustang In World War II This paper deals with the contributions of the P-51 Mustang to the eventual victory of the Allies in Europe during World War II. It describes the war scene in Europe before the P-51 was introduced, traces the development of the fighter, its advantages, and the abilities it was able to contribute to the Allies' arsenal. It concludes with the effect that the P-51 had on German air superiority, and how it led the destruction of the Luftwaffe. The thes
Moscow
Moscow
Moscow The Emergence of Capitalist Economy in Russia Noen H. Loquio I.Introduction: A Newfound Freedom II.The Beginnings of Socialism A.Karl Marx and the Communist Manifesto B.The Theory of Socialism C.The Dual Revolution in Russia III.History of the Soviet Union A.The Early Years B.Stalin's Reformation C.World War II D.The Soviet Union's Postbellum Period E.The Cold War IV.The Fall of Communism A.Gorbachev's Visions B.The Reunification of Germany C.Freedom for the Republics V.An Economy In Tra
Apocalypse
Apocalypse
Apocalypse by: Luke Hoagland FOLLOWING IS AN IMPORTANT REVELATION BEING MADE TO THE GENERAL PUBLIC. THIS IS THE ONLY TIME YOU WILL BE CONTACTED. Disclaimer: The following information contains predictions of the future. This has been written for people who want to know what is on the horizon for humanity, and most importantly, WHAT THEY CAN DO ABOUT IT. Please understand that if you read this material, you will be doing it by your own choice. If your reaction causes you to want to report me to AO
The Roots of Judaism and Christianity
The Roots of Judaism and Christianity
The Roots of Judaism and Christianity (i) Judaism: The Jews are a people who trace their descent from the biblical Israelites and who are united by the religion called Judaism. They are not a race; Jewish identity is a mixture of ethnic, national, and religious elements. An individual may become part of the Jewish people by conversion to Judaism; but a born Jew who rejects Judaism or adopts another religion does not entirely lose his Jewish identity. In biblical times the Jews were divided into
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam The Socialist Republic of Vietnam consists of the former Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the former Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam). The division of the country resulted from the defeat of the French by Communist-inspired nationalists in 1954. A prolonged civil war resulted in a victory for the Communist north, and reunification occurred in mid-1976. Physical Setting Vietnam has an area of 127,207 square miles (329,465 square kilometers) and is located in Southeast
Battle Of The Bulge
Battle Of The Bulge
Battle Of The Bulge The Battle of the Bulge was an important fight because it was one that could have turned World War II around for the Germans. The Battle of the Bulge took place on December 16 1944. The Germans mobilized the last chance they had to win the war. The Germans wanted to cut the American forces in to two parts, because this way they could easily be destroyed. Hitler felt this was his last chance to win, because his forces were being pushed back and soon they would run out of the r
D-Day
D-Day
D-Day pg. 1 In 1942 General Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander, had warned Germany to, Beware the fury of an aroused democracy. On D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Allies mounted the largest amphibious assault in history and redeemed Eisenhowers warning. The invasion force consisted of more than 5,000 ships, 1,200 warships and 13,000 airplanes. Some 90,000 U.S., British, Canadian, and free French troops landed on the beaches of Normandy while about 20,000 more came by parachute or glider. The Invas
If the United States had entered early into World War II
If the United States had entered early into World War II
if the United States had entered early into World War II What if the United States had entered early into World War II? If they had joined forces with Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany would any of the tragic events that occurred during those years still be written in history? From Pearl Harbor and concentration camps to communism and the Cold Warits feasible to believe that some, if not all, of these bumps in the road could have been anticipated and prevented? If only President Roosevelt had bee