For The Elector

The legitimacy of the armed struggle of the Tamil people
The legitimacy of the armed struggle of the Tamil people
The legitimacy of the armed struggle of the Tamil people Democracy may mean acceding to the rule of the majority, but democracy also means governments by discussion and persuasion. It is the belief that the minority of today may become the majority of tomorrow that ensures the stability of a functioning democracy. The practice of democracy in Sri Lanka within the confines of a unitary state served to perpetuate the oppressive rule of a permanent Sinhala majority. It was a permanent Sinhala majo
Comparative Politics
Comparative Politics
Comparative Politics Comparative Politics, typically defined as the study of the internal politics of nations other than our own, is a diverse and complex field. There is no one central tendency or approach which dominates this area of inquiry within political science: various theories, concepts, issues and methodologies are evident in the field. While it is recognized that no simple classification can be made of the literature, we are encouraged to be aware of contrasting approaches, and to en
Why Presidentialism is Undesirable in a Newly Founded Democracy Brazil
Why Presidentialism is Undesirable in a Newly Founded Democracy Brazil
Why Presidentialism is Undesirable in a Newly Founded Democracy: Brazil's Struggle to Liberalize Brazil's transformation from an authoritarian regime to a presidential democracy was a slow and faltered attempt. From the early suggestions of democratic development, there were both administrations that contributed to democratic growth, as well as administrations that opposed this liberalization. This led to an instability in the Brazilian form of democratic government, their economy, and their po
PROPOSITION 218
PROPOSITION 218
PROPOSITION 218 Introduction California voters have spoken again. On November 6, they passed (56%) Proposition 218, marking the continued fiscal conservatism of the state's electorate and their frustration with what has been characterized as the arrogance and inefficiency of government. (SF Chronicle Staff, SF Chronicle: 11/6/96). As Bob Therrien of Ventura stated in his letter to the LA Times Prop 13 and Prop 218 are the direct result of taxpayer abuse by our elected officials. Its time for g
Court Case Number 15 Bowers v Hardwick June 30 1986
Court Case Number 15 Bowers v Hardwick June 30 1986
Court Case Number 15: Bowers v. Hardwick (June 30, 1986) In August of 1982, Michael Hardwick was charged with violating the Georgia statute criminalizing sodomy by committing that act with another adult male in the bedroom of Hardwick's home. Hardwick then brought suit in the Federal District Court, therefore challenging the constitutionality of the statute as it criminalized sodomy. Hardwick asserted that he was a practicing homosexual, that the Georgia statute, as administered by the defendant
Why Do Governments Find It So Hard To Control Public Expenditure
Why Do Governments Find It So Hard To Control Public Expenditure
Why Do Governments Find It So Hard To Control Public Expenditure? Since the 1970's rising public expenditure has become a politically salient issue, with the focus being on the difficulties experienced in trying to control it. In order to answer a question concerning why governments find it hard to control public expenditure it is first necessary to look at the reasons for the growth in public spending. There are three approaches which attempt to give reasons for growing public expenditure which
Why Did the Polls Get it Wrong in 1992
Why Did the Polls Get it Wrong in 1992
Why Did the Polls Get it Wrong in 1992? Opinion polls play a major role in politics, they can be used by the Government to decide when to call and election, and, among other things, how their pre- election campaigns are run. Throughout the history of opinion polling, from the time when polling began to be widely used before an election, in 1945, until 1987, the last general election before 1992, the polls have on average been correct to within 1.3% of the vote share between the three leading par
Accountability of Our Government
Accountability of Our Government
Accountability of Our Government Accountability is the essence of our democratic form of government. It is the liability assumed by all those who exercise authority to account for the manner in which they have fulfilled responsibilities entrusted to them, a liability ultimately to the Canadian people owed by Parliament, by the government and thus, every government department and agency. One of the fundamental principals of a democratic society is the government must be accountable to the people.
Congressmen and Their Influences
Congressmen and Their Influences
Congressmen and Their Influences The notion that a Congressman ran for office for unselfish goals and went away to Washington to serve his country and represent his neighbors seems quaint and luaghable compared to the way that we currently regard members of congress. Recent views have suggested that most people felt that while the institution on the whole was corrupt, but that their representative was a good person and servant of the electorate. More and more each member is scrutinized and judge
Constitutional Democracy
Constitutional Democracy
Constitutional Democracy The basic premise of a constitutional democracy is that government has rules and all of the people have voices. Through free and fair elections we elect candidates to represent us. The Constitution of the United States guarantees us the right to do this, and to live democratically. The framers attacked tyrannical government and advanced the following ideas: that government comes from below, not from above, and that it derives its powers from the consent of the governed;
Cultural Diversity in Local Politics
Cultural Diversity in Local Politics
Cultural Diversity in Local Politics Overview This paper explores the limits and potentials of ethnic and racial coalition building in Los Angeles. The demographic changes that have occurred in Los Angeles during the past twenty years have been extraordinary, both in scope and diversity. The area has witnessed a literal boom in population growth, increasing from 7 million in 1970 to 8.8 million in 1990. (US Bureau of the Census) However, it is the dramatic change in ethnic and racial diversity o
Judicial Choices
Judicial Choices
Judicial Choices Supreme Court conformations, much like everything else in politics and life, changed over the years. Conformations grew from insignificant and routine appointments to vital and painstakingly prolonged trials, because of the changes in the political parties and institutions. The parties found the Supreme Court to be a tool for increasing their power, which caused an increased interest in conformations. The change in the Senate to less hierarchical institution played part to the s
A Student's Reading of The Politics of Rich and Poor
A Student's Reading of The Politics of Rich and Poor
A Student's Reading of The Politics of Rich and Poor Often times, a political analyst/scientist will write a book on the politics and economics of the time. This writer may also create a work which emanates views contrary to the opinion of the governing body. Rarely, however, does one find an analyst who will clearly undermine his own political party by, in effect, saying, I told you so. Kevin Phillips, editor-publisher of The American Political Report, columnist for the Los Angeles Times, and
Time For Reform Considering The Failures of The Electoral College
Time For Reform Considering The Failures of The Electoral College
Time For Reform? Considering The Failures of The Electoral College Description: This paper discusses the many shortcomings of the Electoral College, and posits possible alternative electoral processes which likely be more democratic. Time for Reform? Considering the failures of the Electoral College A common misconception among American is that when they vote they elect the President. The truth is not nearly this simple. What in fact happens when a person votes is that there vote goes for an Ele
Term Limits For Legislators
Term Limits For Legislators
Term Limits For Legislators When the Constitution of the United States was adopted in 1789, it was without direction regarding term limits for legislators. At the time, professional politicians were unheard of, and the idea of someone serving for more than one or two terms was unlikely. So the Constitution did not formally address the issue of term limits, although it was understood that officeholders would limit themselves to one or two terms and then return to private life (1). With the advent
Confucian Values and Japan's Industrialization
Confucian Values and Japan's Industrialization
Confucian Values and Japan's Industrialization Many factors helped aid in the dynamic growth that occurred in Japan and the four little dragons during the post-World War 2 period. Some of these factors were situational factors unique to the time but some of the factors were cultural. The legacy of Confucianism in Japan and the four little dragons helped to further the goals of industrialization that these nations had. The traditions of Confucianism provided for Japan and the four little dragons
Napoleon
Napoleon
Napoleon Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica, and was given the name Napoleone Buonaperte. He was the second of eight children of Carlo and Letizia Buonaperte, both of the Corsican-Italian gentry. Before Napoleone, no Buonaparte had ever been a professional soldier. His father Carlo, was a lawyer who had fought for Corsican independence, but after the French occupied the island in 1768, he served as a prosecutor and a judge and entered the French aristocracy as a count. Thr
Lincoln Abraham 1809-65 16th president of the United States 1861-65 wh
Lincoln Abraham 1809-65 16th president of the United States 1861-65 wh
Lincoln, Abraham (1809-65), 16th president of the United States (1861-65), who steered the Union to victory in the American Civil War and abolished slavery. Early Life Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, near Hodgenville, Kentucky, the son of Nancy Hanks and Thomas Lincoln, pioneer farmers. At the age of two he was taken by his parents to nearby Knob Creek and at eight to Spencer County, Indiana. The following year his mother died. In 1819 his father married Sarah Bush Johnston, a kindly wid
Tennyson as a Victorian
Tennyson as a Victorian
Tennyson as a Victorian The Victorian age was an age where many changes occurred socially, economically, and industrially. People began to explore into areas such as the earth, the human body, and how to benefit the daily lives of individuals. English literature was also something that was beginning to be developed. Historically, it began when Queen Victoria was anointed to the thrown in 1837 and brought a new prosperity to England. She held the throne for 63 years which is the longest monarch
Many factors helped aid in the dynamic growth that occurred in Japan a
Many factors helped aid in the dynamic growth that occurred in Japan a
         Many factors helped aid in the dynamic growth that occurred in Japan and the four little dragons during the post-World War 2 period. Some of these factors were situational factors unique to the time but some of the factors were cultural. The legacy of Confucianism in Japan and the four little dragons helped to further the goals of industrialization that these nations had. The traditions of Confucianism provided for Japan and the four little dragons both a pliant public and a model for
Napoleon was born on August 15 1769 in Ajaccio Corsica and was given t
Napoleon was born on August 15 1769 in Ajaccio Corsica and was given t
Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica, and was given the name Napoleone Buonaperte. He was the second of eight children of Carlo and Letizia Buonaperte, both of the Corsican-Italian gentry. Before Napoleone, no Buonaparte had ever been a professional soldier. His father Carlo, was a lawyer who had fought for Corsican independence, but after the French occupied the island in 1768, he served as a prosecutor and a judge and entered the French aristocracy as a count. Through his
Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia Nova Scotia, one of the three Maritime and one of the four Atlantic provinces of Canada, bordered on the north by the Bay of Fundy, the province of New Brunswick, Northumberland Strait, and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and on the east, south, and west by the Atlantic Ocean. Nova Scotia consists primarily of a mainland section, linked to New Brunswick by the Isthmus of Chignecto, and Cape Breton Island, separated from the mainland by the Strait of Canso. On July 1, 1867, Nova Scotia be
Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia Nova Scotia, one of the three Maritime and one of the four Atlantic provinces of Canada, bordered on the north by the Bay of Fundy, the province of New Brunswick, Northumberland Strait, and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and on the east, south, and west by the Atlantic Ocean. Nova Scotia consists primarily of a mainland section, linked to New Brunswick by the Isthmus of Chignecto, and Cape Breton Island, separated from the mainland by the Strait of Canso. On July 1, 1867, Nova Scotia be
As twenty-first century draws near there appears to be in the world an
As twenty-first century draws near there appears to be in the world an
As twenty-first century draws near, there appears to be in the world an era of unprecedented peace. Contrary to the predictions that the end of the Cold War will bring about the fragmentation of international order and the emergence of multipolar rivalry among atomistic national units, today the world’s major powers enjoy co-operative relations and world economy is progressively liberalising and integrating. The peace and prosperity of the current era, however are sustained by the constant oper
Pundits and editorial writers pounced on Newt Gingrich
Pundits and editorial writers pounced on Newt Gingrich
Pundits and editorial writers pounced on Newt Gingrich when he suggested, soon after the election, that Republicans in the House would take up a school prayer amendment after acting on the agenda outlined in the Contract With America. Most insisted the proposal was a major political blunder. But then most of them had previously decried the contract itself as a major political blunder, sure to lose votes for Republican candidates. The school prayer amendment is an excellent idea, but an ambitiou
The Old South
The Old South
The Old South Subject: History 12 Section no.: 3429 Date: 03/04/2004 X-Credit No.1: What steps did the leaders of the Old South take between 1865 and 1900 To regain the power they had lost from their total defeat in the Civil War? (Chaps.15 18) On New Year’s Day,1863, President Abraham Lincoln began the process by which all people in the nation became free by singing the Emancipation Proclamation which established the destruction of slavery as Civil War aim. This also was part of reconstruction
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution I. Absolutism A. Absolutism defined 1. In the absolutist state, sovereignty resided in kings--not the nobility or the parliament--who considered themselves responsible to God alone. 2. Absolute kings created new state bureaucracies and standing armies, regulated all the institutions of government, and secured the cooperation of the nobility. a. Some historians deny that absolutism was a stage of development that followed feudalism, but, instead, was administrative monarchy.
EXPLAINING HITLERS ELECTORAL SUCCESS AS History Unit 1 Seeds of Evil
EXPLAINING HITLERS ELECTORAL SUCCESS AS History Unit 1 Seeds of Evil
EXPLAINING HITLER’S ELECTORAL SUCCESS AS History: Unit 1 – Seeds of Evil Consider the status of the following statements. Are they accurate or inaccurate? Where inaccurate, give reasons and evidence on which you base your decision. Sometimes a statement may be accurate but of only limited value. For example, it may over-simplify matters or conceal as much as it reveals. Where this is the case, explain how you would qualify or amend the statement. o The rising tide of electoral support for the Na
FDR The Presidency During Crisis
FDR The Presidency During Crisis
FDR: The Presidency During Crisis Many years ago, Oliver Wendell Holmes, a remote acquaintance of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, observed of Roosevelt, Second class intellect, but first class temperament! (Cooper, 1996). Since then, this has become the touchstone of the FDR model of leadership. Both institutionally and interpersonally, FDR’s presence was grandiose and inflationary. As a president leading during a period of historical national crisis, Roosevelt proved his competence. During the campa
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah - Father of Nation
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah - Father of Nation
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah - Father of Nation Father of the Nation Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah's achievement as the founder of Pakistan, dominates everything else he did in his long and crowded public life spanning some 42 years. Yet, by any standard, his was an eventful life, his personality multidimensional and his achievements in other fields were many, if not equally great. Indeed, several were the roles he had played with distinction: at one time or another, he was one of the gre
Parliament
Parliament
Parliament Parliament, Britain's legislature, is made up of the House of Commons, the House of Lords and the Queen in her constitutional role. They meet together only on occasions of symbolic importance such as the state opening of parliament, when the Commons are summoned by the Queen to the House of Lords. The agreement of all three elements is normally required for legislation, but that of the Queen is given as a matter of course to Bills sent to her. Parliament can legislate for Britain as a
Discuss the issues of publishing pictures that have been altered using
Discuss the issues of publishing pictures that have been altered using
Discuss the issues of publishing pictures that have been altered using a computer. Picture and subject manipulations have been a part of photography since it was first invented. But because of computer technology, digital manipulations are relatively easy to accomplish, hard to detect and perhaps more alarming, alter the original image so that checking the authenticity of the picture is impossible. Some critics have predicted that in a few years, images -- whether still or moving -- will not be
The conflict in the Balkans is interesting because for years reporters
The conflict in the Balkans is interesting because for years reporters
The conflict in the Balkans is interesting because for years, reporters and politicians have touted it as being the result of ancient ethnic hatred but that isn’t the case. This class has taught me, if nothing else, that the people of this region lived together peacefully for centuries and any conflicts that have arose among people were based not on ethnic origin but other things like class, ruling party, and so on. In fact, any problems that have arose in the former Yugoslavia have more to do
In the 16th century the Protestant Reformation divided the Roman Catho
In the 16th century the Protestant Reformation divided the Roman Catho
In the 16th century the Protestant Reformation divided the Roman Catholic Church. This reform was led by Martin Luther whose original intentions were to reform the church, but resulted in a split between Protestant and Catholic. Soon the Protestant Church itself divided resulting in two more churches, one Protestant, and the other reformed church. The Reformed Church is better known as Presbyterian, whose conspicuous leader was John Calvin. John Calvin had many beliefs which had been adopted by
Southern Voting behavior since the 1960s
Southern Voting behavior since the 1960s
: Southern Voting behavior since the 1960’s Voters in many areas of the U.S. are apt to vote differently as a whole from election to election. The nation has also had a decreased turnout rate for the presidential and local elections. The South has typically not followed these patterns that the rest of has seemed to be following. The Southern whites of the U.S. have typically followed and voted for the more conservative candidate and party. Where as the Southern blacks have typically (when they h
Chile
Chile
Chile Chile is a republic in southwestern South America, bounded on the north by Peru, on the east by Bolivia and Argentina, and on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean. It has an extreme northern-southern length of about 2650 mi, but its average width is less than 110 mi, making it the longest island. Archipelagoes extend along the southern Chilean coast from Chiloé Island to Cape Horn, the southernmost point of the South American continent. Among these are the Chonos Archipelago, Wellingto
The American electoral process is a complicated process by means of wh
The American electoral process is a complicated process by means of wh
The American electoral process is a complicated process by means of which the electorate chooses those men and women who will represent their interests on the local, state and national levels. Of course, this is an oversimplification of the electoral process, which is influenced by a number of different factors having little to do with the voice of the people. Among those influences are the reaction of the mass media to any particular issue or candidate, the ability of that candidate to artic
Lincoln Abraham 1809-65 16th president of the United States 1861-65 wh
Lincoln Abraham 1809-65 16th president of the United States 1861-65 wh
Lincoln, Abraham (1809-65), 16th president of the United States (1861-65), who steered the Union to victory in the American Civil War and abolished slavery. •Early Life Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, near Hodgenville, Kentucky, the son of Nancy Hanks and Thomas Lincoln, pioneer farmers. At the age of two he was taken by his parents to nearby Knob Creek and at eight to Spencer County, Indiana. The following year his mother died. In 1819 his father married Sarah Bush Johnston, a kindly wi
HISTORY
HISTORY
HISTORY Legal executions in California were authorized under the Criminal Practices Act of 1851. On February 14, 1872, capital punishment was incorporated into the Penal Code, stating: A judgment of death must be executed within the walls or yard of a jail, or some convenient private place in the county. The Sheriff of the county must be present at the execution, and must invite the presence of a physician, the District Attorney of the county, and at least twelve reputable citizens, to be selec
Southern Continuity
Southern Continuity
Southern Continuity Cari Sobczynski HST 319 April 20, 1998 Final Essay Just the words ‘Southern way of life' conjures up a timeless image of gentlemen planters and Southern belles. A time of aristocratic rule that centers itself on plantations and the institution of slavery. The antebellum era echos themes of white supremacy, democracy, unity, tradition, nobility, and honor. While some of these themes seem to be immortalized by such classic works as Gone with the Wind and Roots they still seem t
LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN
LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN
LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN History 106 Ludwig Van Beethoven was, with out a doubt, one of, if not the greatest musical geniuses that has ever lived. Music historians have written countless books about him as a composer and musician. This paper will not be based on Beethoven’s music, even though it will be mentioned from time to time. I give a brief history of his early life, the Vienna years, his nephew Karl years, Later, some of his beliefs and some of his works they affected. Ludwig Van Beethoven wa
Bondi Beach
Bondi Beach
Bondi Beach 1. Summary This Cost-Benefit analysis (CBA) report is to evaluate Rail Link from Bondi Junction to Bondi Beach proposal. Under estimation in every aspect, it is not evaluated in financial terms alone. It does explore the evaluation procedures for items not traded directly on market. It includes procedures as follows: · Overview of the transport system to Bondi (bus, train, ferry, private car) · Deficiencies of existing transport system in Bondi · Objectives of this project · Altern
SEABURY CONSTRUCTION CORP VS DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
SEABURY CONSTRUCTION CORP VS DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
SEABURY CONSTRUCTION CORP. VS. DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION COMMENT The price preference program for minority-owned and woman-owned business enterprises and qualified joint ventures in public works procurement projects with the City of New York was declared invalid by the New York State Supreme Court of New York County.1 The City had implemented a price preference procurement program under the authority of the New York City Charter (“NYC Charter”), which generally requires that all com
Dorothy Day
Dorothy Day
Dorothy Day Dorothy Day, founder of the Catholic Worker movement, was born in Brooklyn, New York, November 8, 1897. After surviving the San Francisco earthquake in 1906, the Day family moved into a flat in Chicago's South Side. It was a big step down in the world made necessary because John Day was out of work. Day understands of the shame people feel when they fail in their efforts dated from this time. (Miller, p.4) When John Day was appointed sports editor of a Chicago newspaper, the Day fami
Group Polarization And Competition In Political Behavior
Group Polarization And Competition In Political Behavior
Group Polarization And Competition In Political Behavior On Tuesday, November 14, 1995, in what has been perceived as the years biggest non-event, the federal government shut down all non-essential services due to what was, for all intents and purposes, a game of national chicken between the House Speaker and the President. And, at an estimated cost of 200 million dollars a day, this dubious battle of dueling egos did not come cheap (Bradsher, 1995, p.16). Why do politicians find it almost conge
Napoleon
Napoleon
Napoleon In the early 19th century a man by the name of Napoleon Bonaparte led a Coup D’etat that created a new government in France. This new government started out with a tribunal leadership, which Napoleon was first consul, and later changed to an empire with Napoleon as emperor. Some people believe that he made the revolution better and expanded the revolution but this is not true. The facts, when closely looked at, prove that Napoleon effectively destroyed the revolution by telling the pe
Reforms Are Need In Canadas Government
Reforms Are Need In Canadas Government
Reforms Are Need In Canadas Government Reforms Are Need In Canada's Government Canada is a country who's future is in question. Serious political issues have recently overshadowed economic concerns. Constitutional debate over unity and Quebec's future in the country is in the heart of every Canadian today. Continuing conflicts concerning Aboriginal self-determination and treatment are reaching the boiling point. How can Canada expect to pull herself out of this seemingly bottomless pit? Are Cana
Texas Annexation
Texas Annexation
Texas Annexation Narrative History of Texas Annexation, Secession, and Readmission to the Union Texans voted in favor of annexation to the United States in the first election following independence in 1836. However, throughout the Republic period (1836-1845) no treaty of annexation negotiated between the Republic and the United States was ratified by both nations. When all attempts to arrive at a formal annexation treaty failed, the United States Congress passed--after much debate and only a sim
Government
Government
government government: The basic premise of a constitutional democracy is that government has rules and all of the people have voices. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- [Category]: politics [Paper Title]: government [Text]: CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY The basic premise of a constitutional democracy is that government has rules and all of the people have voices. Through free and fair elections we elect candidates to represent us. The Constitution of the Uni
Richard Nixon And The Notion Of Presidential Power
Richard Nixon And The Notion Of Presidential Power
Richard Nixon And The Notion Of Presidential Power Richard Nixon and the Notion of Presidential Power Actions which otherwise would be unconstitutional, could become lawful if undertaken for the purpose of preserving the Constitution and the Nation. The idea that certain actions are not illegal if used to preserve the best interests of a nation has drawn sharp criticism from the time of Lincoln through today. Presidents of the United States do take a solemn oath in which they promise to “ . .