Faust

The Complexities of Mephostophilis
The Complexities of Mephostophilis
The Complexities of Mephostophilis In Medieval cycle plays, devils were portrayed as comic characters that triumphed over their adversaries in spite of their crudeness and ineptitude. With the advent of Renaissance drama, came new ideas and characters, as playwrights took a new stance in their portrayals of evil and devils. The devils and Mephostophilis in particular, in Christopher Marlowe's play Dr. Faustus are much more complex than those in preceding medieval drama are. Mephostophilis's onl
Macbeth
Macbeth
Macbeth Macbeth is the epitome of what the literary world regards a tragic hero. His admirable qualities are supplanted with greed and hate when he is duped by the three witches. Thunder and lightning. Enter three Witches. Yes, it is the first scene from William Shakespeare's Macbeth, a tragic tale of one man's quest for power and his ultimate defeat. The story revolves around our tragic hero, Macbeth, and how an admirable and noble man, so established in society, can fall so greatly. Through
History of Cinema
History of Cinema
History of Cinema Term Paper Orson Welles The term 'genius' was applied to him from the cradle, first by the man who would vie with Orson's father to nurture the talent all agreed resided in the fragile boy.(Leaming, 3) George Orson Welles was born in Kenosha, Wisconsin on May 6, 1915. He was the second son of Richard Head Welles, an inventor, and his wife Beatrice Ives, a concert pianist. His mother was the child of a wealthy family. She had been brought up to revere artistic achievements, and
Major themes in Faulkners Light in August
Major themes in Faulkners Light in August
Major themes in Faulkner’s Light in August Light In August: A Study of 20th Century Man's Search for Self A Study of the Origins of Evil...a man's future is inherent in that man... -Faulkner in the University. p.139 Faulkner's Light in August is a metaphor. In fact it is many metaphors, almost infinitely many. It is a jumble of allusions, themes, portraits, all of them uniquely important, many of them totally unrelated. In fact no 20th century writer has even approached the sheer quantity of
The Trials of Becoming a Hero
The Trials of Becoming a Hero
The Trials of Becoming a Hero Hero worship has existed in this world since the beginning of time, from the Jews honoring Moses, to the Germans honoring Adolf Hitler. Becoming a hero is a very difficult thing to accomplish. One must be successful in gaining the reverence of one's peers while at the same time not developing to big of an ego. Two examples of men trying to become heroes are Prince Henry and Dr. Faustus. Both, in their respective plays, have the capabilities of becoming a hero, but
Shortly before Christopher Marlowe's untimely death during a bar brawl
Shortly before Christopher Marlowe's untimely death during a bar brawl
Shortly before Christopher Marlowe's untimely death during a bar brawl, he was arrested and charged with atheism, a high crime at the time. Much of the basis for this claim may have stemmed from his controversial play, Doctor Faustus, which deals heavily with necromancy and the devil. Using only this play as a basis to decide his guilt or innocence under the charge of atheism, I have found him innocent, with the understanding that if I was a judge presiding over the proceedings of a mock Marl
Faustus
Faustus
Faustus C) Can Faustus repent? Why or why not? You can approach this theologically if you wish. (Or should the question be, Should he be Faustus could probably repent. Every time the good and evil angels appear, the good angel begs Faustus to repent. The angels could represent his conscious within him debating his delima and showing us that despite his actions he is only human. The decisions he made in his life were only made on emotions and thoughts that every human feels, because that is the w
Character development in Fifth Business and the role of name changes
Character development in Fifth Business and the role of name changes
Character development in Fifth Business, and the role of name changes Robertson Davies’s novel, the Fifth Business, is full of symbolism, magic, saints, miracles and myths. Its characters are rich and colourful. Just like in classic theatre plays, there are five main characters in the book, two female ones and three male characters: the Hero, the Villain and the so called “fifth business”, who helps the story move along. The book’s main character, Dunstable Ramsey, plays a similar role in peopl
Timeline of Fifth Business by Robertson Davies
Timeline of Fifth Business by Robertson Davies
Timeline of Fifth Business by Robertson Davies May 1898 – Dunstable Ramsey is born (p.1) Spring 1908 – Mary and Amasa Dempster come to live in Deptford (p.18) Dec. 27 1908 5:58 pm – Mrs. Dempster gets hit by snowball (p.1) Dec. 28 1908, early morning – Paul Dempster is born (p.5) April 1909 – Paul is out of danger and starts growing (p.17) Summer 1911 – Dunny starts taking care of the library (p.25) Spring 1913 – he teaches Paul magic and reads to him about saints (p.31) Later in 1913 – Amasa De
A Comparitive Study Of The Work Of The Devil
A Comparitive Study Of The Work Of The Devil
A Comparitive Study Of The Work Of The Devil It is true that the study of the devil or evil in general as a part of the world has intrigued man for centuries. This is mostly because it is something people don't have concrete proof of and is also considered taboo in our society. Yet, studies and/or story telling on the devil and his evil forces seems to have been apart of all societies since the begining of time. Such as, Christpher Marlowe's play, The Tragical History of Dr. Faustas, written in
Doctor Faustus Summary
Doctor Faustus Summary
Doctor Faustus Summary In the beginning Faustus, the main character, is unsatisfied with his studies. He feels that he has learned everything that is humanly possible. So he requested that his servant Wagner to go get Valdes and Cornelius to help teach him the ways of magic. Before they arrive Faustus is confronted by a Good Angel and an Evil Angel who try to persuade him to take either the side with God or with Satan. When the two men arrive Faustus explains that he is going to try to conjure
Major Themes In Faulkners Light In August
Major Themes In Faulkners Light In August
Major Themes In Faulkner’s Light In August Light In August: A Study of 20th Century Man's Search for Self A Study of the Origins of Evil ...a man's future is inherent in that man... -Faulkner in the University. p.139 Faulkner's Light in August is a metaphor. In fact it is many metaphors, almost infinitely many. It is a jumble of allusions, themes, portraits, all of them uniquely important, many of them totally unrelated. In fact no 20th century writer has even approached the sheer quantity of sy
Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Orson Welles The term 'genius' was applied to him from the cradle, first by the man who would vie with Orson's father to nurture the talent all agreed resided in the fragile boy.(Leaming, 3) George Orson Welles was born in Kenosha, Wisconsin on May 6, 1915. He was the second son of Richard Head Welles, an inventor, and his wife Beatrice Ives, a concert pianist. His mother was the child of a wealthy family. She had been brought up to revere artistic achievements, and began playing the piano, prof
Prince Henry and Dr Faustus The Trials of Becoming a Hero
Prince Henry and Dr Faustus The Trials of Becoming a Hero
Prince Henry and Dr. Faustus: The Trials of Becoming a Hero Hero worship has existed in this world since the beginning of time, from the Jews honoring Moses, to the Germans honoring Adolf Hitler. Becoming a hero is a very difficult thing to accomplish. One must be successful in gaining the reverence of one's peers while at the same time not developing to big of an ego. Two examples of men trying to become heroes are Prince Henry and Dr. Faustus. Both, in their respective plays, have the capabili
Lines 96-113 poem In Doctor Faustus
Lines 96-113 poem In Doctor Faustus
Lines 96-113 (poem) In Doctor Faustus The truth that ambition and desire for material objects does not always satisfy the soul is a major theme depicted in Christopher Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus. The poem on page 93, lines 96-113 is the essence of this theme. It describes Faustus meeting, what he believes, is the icon of perfection. This perfection is a mere human women, yet, to Faustus, she is worth his life. Marlowe’s use of syntax and diction, allusions and references, and other literary device
Amy Luna
Amy Luna
Amy Luna December 4, 2003 HS101-23 Professor Gorman The Prince, written by Niccolo Machiavelli, is essentially a handbook of political advice for leaders. Its primary purpose is to explain the best ways to obtain and keep power. In it, Machiavelli discusses his ideas and rational explanations of both the successes and failures of leaders from the past and present. He goes into issues such as how a leader should present himself to how a leader (or as he refers to it, prince) should organize his
Frankenstein
Frankenstein
Frankenstein, Dr Faustus and Wuthering Heights all explore forces of the supernatural mind and world, and reveal various levels of fear as a result of meddling with or experiencing the supernatural elements beyond human understanding. In Victor’s creation of ‘the creature’, Shelley introduces both elements of the supernatural world and mind that conjoin the two protagonists, exposing the fear of victor and the readers in experiencing the supernatural creation of the living dead. Victor’s fear of
Frankenstein
Frankenstein
Section A ‘To what extent do you agree with the view that, in Frankenstein, Mary Shelley is exploring the dark side of the human psyche?’ In Frankenstein, Shelley uses gothic elements of the supernatural and mental unhinging to highlight the capabilities of the human mind in its darkest aspects, particularly through the characters of Victor and the creature, the latter of which reflects the horror of the nature of human kind. Shelley explores the dark side of the human psyche through Victor and
Frankenstein, Dr Faustus and Wuthering Heights
Frankenstein, Dr Faustus and Wuthering Heights
‘Gothic literature demonstrates the consequences of disrupting the natural order of things.’ Consider the texts you have read in light of this comment. Frankenstein, Dr Faustus and Wuthering Heights, to varying extents, explore the consequences of human action and disruption and meddling of natural order. Frankenstein and Faustus both portray the consequences of playing God, and pursuing success by means of betraying the natural world and its order; Wuthering Heights, however, not only reveals t
10-23-1996
10-23-1996
10-23-1996 Essay #2 Still the wretched fools they were before Goethe in Faust and Shelley in Frankenstein, wrap their stories around two men whose mental and physical actions parallel one another. Both stories deal with characters, who strive to be the übermensch in their world. In Faust, the striving fellow, Faust, seeks physical and mental wholeness in knowledge and disaster in lust. In Frankenstein, Victor Frankenstein struggles for control over one aspect of nature and disastrously, through
FaustChris Davidson
FaustChris Davidson
Faust Chris Davidson Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 10/22/96 Translated by Walter Kaufmann Period 2 Mrs. Hand A Faust This novel written originally by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and translated by Walter Kaufmann. There are 201 pages in this novel.. This book is a poem divided into two parts and has many adventures in it. The point of view is from the writer of the play, 3rd person narration. The theme of this novel is Don’t always take the easy way out of things because in the end you will pay for
History of Pete Dalberg Family
History of Pete Dalberg Family
History of Pete Dalberg Family By Jesse G. More This is Jesse G. More presenting a history of the Dalberg family starting with my Grandparents Pete and Ingaborg Dalberg. Both of my grandparents were born in Apple Bowl Sweden in the province of Dollernaw. Dollernaw is the province that is close to the Norwegian boarder that is in timber country. Pete was born in 1858 he died in 1943 at the age of 85. My Grandmother, Ingaborg was born in 1856 and died in 1944 at the age of 88. Pete actually was b
SHOULD CANADA BE ALLOWED TO CONTINUE WITH GENETIC ENGINEERING WITHOUT
SHOULD CANADA BE ALLOWED TO CONTINUE WITH GENETIC ENGINEERING WITHOUT
SHOULD CANADA BE ALLOWED TO CONTINUE WITH GENETIC ENGINEERING WITHOUT FEDERAL GUIDELINES? pg.1 Should Canada be allowed to continue with genetic engineering without federal guidelines? In the past ten years there has been a rise in a relatively new science, a science that raises alot of controversial questions with very few answers. This science is called Genetic Engineering. In itąs simplest terms it is the reordering of a genetic DNA sequence. It is a very controversial science because it lea
SYNTHESIS
SYNTHESIS
SYNTHESIS Literature is a diverse and bountiful area of intelligence where many ideas, ideals, and dreams can come about. Writings have come from as far back as the time of Jesus to whatever was produced yesterday. People have written superior works that can inspire, lead, and in the end, produce. Shakespear, Descartes, Voltaire, Shelly, the list goes on. Twenty-eight themes are said to apply to all types of literature. Any one of these themes is said to describe one, some, or all works done in
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1749-1832
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1749-1832
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) Narodil sa 28. Augusta 1749 vo Frankfurte. Pochádzal z bohatej a váženej meštianskej rodiny. Na želanie svojho otca vyštudoval právo v Lipsku, kde sa zoznámil s Herderom, filozofom a teoretikom hnutia Sturm und Drang (Búrka a Vzdor). Toto hnutie vzniklo v dôsledku útlaku, neslobody a nespokojnosti v Nemecku. Príslušníci hnutia sa postavili proti nadvláde rozumu a chceli dosiahnue uplatnenie všetkého prirodzeného, o sa v loveku nachádza, ide o cit, vášeH, lá
Faust Reinvented in Communist Russia
Faust Reinvented in Communist Russia
Faust Reinvented in Communist Russia The Russians: HIS 341 Faust Reinvented in Communist Russia Bulgakov’s fascinating work The Master and Margarita is a retelling of Goethe’s story, Faust, but used as a satire to expose the negative aspects of Russian communism in the 1930’s. In this work Bulgakov uses Satan and his minions in an atypical fashion, to be the exposés of truth and uncovering the hypocritical righteousness of the communist intellectuals and elites. Bulgakov’s criticisms range from
Franz Liszt Johannes Brahms
Franz Liszt Johannes Brahms
Franz Liszt Johannes Brahms Many composers have achieved greatness in the music world, but two in particular are very unique. Franz Liszt and Johannes Brahms have stood the test of time as outstanding composers in many similar and different ways, in both their music and their lives. In each musician’s life, the music is not the only important aspect of his or her creation. Many composers and performers create music that is inspired by their lifestyles or past events, even the regions in which th
OPERA IN SECOLUL al XIX-lea
OPERA IN SECOLUL al XIX-lea
OPERA IN SECOLUL al XIX-lea Referat la “Istoria Muzicii”, anul II, semestrul I Diana Damsa Opera s-a dezvoltat in Italia începând cu anul 1597 _i s-a rspândit rapid în Europa. De_i la origini opera avea mai degrab o form „literar”, modalitatea de baz a intepretrii fiind recitatul, textul cântat având o linie melodic slab, aproape inexistent, in secolul al XIX-lea devine o form primordial melodic, piesa de rezistenc fiind „aria” – solo lung în timpul cruia acciunea este suspendat _i
The Ideals Of Instrumental Music
The Ideals Of Instrumental Music
The Ideals Of Instrumental Music At one point in the study of the Romantic period of music, we come upon the first of several apparently opposing conditions that plague all attempts to grasp the meaning of Romantic as applied to the music of the 19th century. This opposition involved the relation between music and words. If instrumental music is the perfect Romantic art, why is it acknowledged that the great masters of the symphony, the highest form of instrumental music, were not Romantic compo
Women of the Civil War
Women of the Civil War
Women of the Civil War Many people overlook the role of women in war. It is said even by women that the men go off to fight, and the women stay home and wait. Well here is a paper about women who didn’t sit home and wait for their husbands, brothers, fathers, sons, and sweethearts to come back. They did something to help their country when it needed it most. Women Who Fought As many as 400 women from the North and South disguised themselves as men and enlisted in the army. Amy Clarke volunteere
The Ideals Of Instrumental Music
The Ideals Of Instrumental Music
The Ideals Of Instrumental Music At one point in the study of the Romantic period of music, we come upon the first of several apparently opposing conditions that plague all attempts to grasp the meaning of Romantic as applied to the music of the 19th century. This opposition involved the relation between music and words. If instrumental music is the perfect Romantic art, why is it acknowledged that the great masters of the symphony, the highest form of instrumental music, were not Romantic compo
Faust
Faust
Faust The hero that never was In Faust, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe builds a dramatic poem around the strengths and weaknesses of a man who under a personalized definition of a hero fails miserably. A hero is someone that humanity models themselves and their actions after, someone who can be revered by the masses as an individual of great morality and strength, a man or woman that never sacrifices his beliefs under adversity. Therefore, through his immoral actions and his unwillingness to respect
George Bizek
George Bizek
George Bizek Georges Bizet, who is best known for his opera, Carmen, has remained somewhat of a mystery as far as his musical education, social life, and personal life. He is not like so many other composers and musicians of the Romantic Period who led a highly publicized life like Hector Berlioz, Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, or Johannes Brahms. He spent his short life devoted to music and he did not quite make it into the limelight like these other Romantic composers. The most believable explanati
Faust Book Review
Faust Book Review
Faust: Book Review Chris Davidson This novel written originally by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and translated by Walter Kaufmann. There are 201 pages in this novel.. This book is a poem divided into two parts and has many adventures in it. The point of view is from the writer of the play, 3rd person narration. The theme of this novel is Don't always take the easy way out of things because in the end you will pay for them. This novel starts off with Mephisto the Devil asking God to be able to temp
Goethe in Faust and Shelley in Frankenstein Still the Wretched Fools T
Goethe in Faust and Shelley in Frankenstein Still the Wretched Fools T
Goethe in Faust and Shelley in Frankenstein: Still the Wretched Fools They Were Before Jeremy Burlingame Goethe in Faust and Shelley in Frankenstein, wrap their stories around two men whose mental and physical actions parallel one another. Both stories deal with characters, who strive to be the übermensch in their world. In Faust, the striving fellow, Faust, seeks physical and mental wholeness in knowledge and disaster in lust. In Frankenstein, Victor Frankenstein struggles for control over one
Faust: The Dichotomy of Gretchen
Faust: The Dichotomy of Gretchen
Faust: The Dichotomy of Gretchen Faust: The Dichotomy of Gretchen: In the play Faust by Johann Goethe, Gretchen's character envelops extreme aspects of Virgin Mary and of Eve. Mary acts as the symbol of the mother of mankind, the pure woman who makes men's salvation possible. She has no evil in her at all. In contrast, Eve is the archetypal figure of the fallen woman, the cause of man's suffering and damnation. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- [Categor
Gender equity in islamm
Gender equity in islamm
gender equity in islamm Romantic Music: The Ideals of Instrumental Music At one point in the study of the Romantic period of music, we come upon the first of several apparently opposing conditions that plague all attempts to grasp the meaning of Romantic as applied to the music of the 19th century. This opposition involved the relation between music and words. If instrumental music is the perfect Romantic art, why is it acknowledged that the great masters of the symphony, the highest form of in
At first there would appear to be little in common between a poem that
At first there would appear to be little in common between a poem that
At first, there would appear to be little in common between a poem that attempts to persuade a mistress and one that commemorates an anniversary. Indeed, there are few sentiments that The Anniversary and To His Coy Mistress share. Yet, these are love poems and there must be some common ground that unites them on some plane. There is, of course, such a common point of reference and it lies in the attitudes towards time that we find expressed in these poems. Marvell's conception of time is ev
Wheatley
Wheatley
Wheatley dBlack Supremacy Throughout history, white anglo-saxons have been notorious for mistreating all races other than it's own. Malcolm X felt the white man had been actually nothing but a piratical opportunist who used Faustian machinations to make his own Christianity his initial wedge in criminal conquests(563). The earth is burdened by the white man! That is the true meaning of what Malcolm X is stating; the words Faustian machinations, meaning evil plotting, implies the whole white po
The world of Tolstoy's Anna Karenina is a world ruled by chance From t
The world of Tolstoy's Anna Karenina is a world ruled by chance From t
The world of Tolstoy's Anna Karenina is a world ruled by chance. From the very opening chapters, where a watchman is accidentally run over by a train at Moscow's Petersburg station, to the final, climactic scenes of arbitrary destruction when Levin searches for Kitty in a forest beset by lightning, characters are brought together and forced into action against their will by coincidence and, sometimes, misfortune. That Anna and Vronsky ever meet and begin the fateful affair that becomes the cent
The Greatest Day
The Greatest Day
The Greatest Day “Buzz” Aldrin, pilot of the Lunar module for the Apollo 11 space flight to the moon, coincided in his priest shortly before the launch of Apollo 11. Aldrin was scared that neither the Apollo 11 mission commander Neil Armstrong, nor the public would understand the social and philosophical ramifications of landing on the moon. Shortly after the Lunar Module landed at Tranquility base, on the surface of the moon on July 20, 1969, Aldrin asked NASA officials and everyone else wh
Steinbeck
Steinbeck
Steinbeck John Ernst Steinbeck was an American author, famous for his novels concerning the poor and the oppressed Californian farmers and laborers of the 1930's and 1940's, who were victimized by industry and finance. His most famous novel, The Grapes of Wrath, won the 1940 Pulitzer Prize. His main themes involved the struggles of the poor and the oppressed to survive in modern society, and the confrontation between man and his destiny.1 Steinbeck wrote 17 novels, numerous short stories, severa
CONSTANTINE
CONSTANTINE
CONSTANTINE THE GREAT Flavius Valerius Constantinus, better known as Constantine the Great, was born on February 27, 273 or 274. His father was Constantius Chlorus, afterwards Caesar and Augustus, but at the time of Constantine's birth merely a promising officer in the Roman Army. Constantius belonged to one of the leading families of Moesia and his mother was a niece of the capable and soldierly Claudius, the conqueror of the Goths. Helena is said to have been the daughter of an innkeeper of D
Emperor Constantine I
Emperor Constantine I
Emperor Constantine I The emperor Constantine has been called the most important emperor of the late antiquity. The many great events of his reign laid foundations that would affect the future of Europe and Western Civilization for centuries to come. His recognition and support of Christianity was one of the most important moments in world history. Moving the government of the Roman Empire to Constantinople and founding “New Rome” was one of the most significant decisions ever made by a Roman ru
Turinys
Turinys
Turinys 1. .mons misija. 4 2. .mons tikslai 4 3. .mons situacijos analiz. 4 3.1. Preks, kainos, paskirstymo, rmimo analiz.. 5 3.1 pav. AB “Anyk? is Vynas” prekis savikainos struktkra. 6 Alkoholinis grims pardavimas Lietuvoje, tkkst.Lt 9 3.2. AB “Anyk? is Vynas” vartotojs analiz.. 9 Alkoholinis kokteilis tikslins rinkos parinkimas. 11 3.3. Marketingo aplinkos analiz.. 11 3.4. Perspektyvs tyrimas. 16 4. AB “Anyk? is Vynas” marketingo tikslai 17 5. AB “Anyk? is Vynas” marketingo strategi
Cisco Systems Inc Case
Cisco Systems Inc Case
Cisco Systems Inc Case Executive Summary This report generates the factors for ERP implementation in Cisco on both success and failure aspects. Some of these factors are, as described in the general theory, the basic principles or steps that needed to be followed in implementing all ERPs; some of them are the lucky elements that are only experienced by Cisco, Inc. Even though Cisco’s ERP implementation was a success, there are also numbers of failure factors, or can be called difficulties, which
CAPTULO LXXXVII
CAPTULO LXXXVII
CAPÍTULO LXXXVII CÓMO EL GRAN MONTEZUMA NOS ENVIÓ OTROS EMBAJADORES CON UN PRESENTE DE ORO Y MANTAS, Y LO QUE DIJERON A CORTÉS Y LO QUE LES RESPONDIÓ Ya que estábamos departida para ir nuestro camino a México, vinieron ante Cortés cuatro principales mexicanos que envió Montezuma y trajeron un presente de oro y mantas, y después de hecho su acato, como lo tenían de costumbre, dijeron: “Malinche: este presente te envía nuestro seńor el gran Montezuma, y dice que le pesa mucho por el trabajo que ha
Fifth Business
Fifth Business
Fifth Business Boy Staunton's repressed guilt brings about his demise in Davies' Fifth Business. Boy's guilt stems from various points in his life, including his failure as a husband to Leola and the snowball incident from his youth. His denial is so great, however, that he has edited much of it from his memory: I threw the snowball - at least you say so... the difference between us is that you've brooded over it, and I've forgotten it (263). But after Boy's memory returns, he is found dead by h
Antoninus Pius
Antoninus Pius
Antoninus Pius Anotoninus Pius was born on September 19, 86 A.D. He was born into a wealthy family that lived in Lanuviam. His full name was Titus Aurelius Fulvus Antoninus. Of all of the emperors of Rome he was the fifteenth one. Before Antoninus became emperor he served many other important political positions that helped into shape him into the successful emperor that he was. From 133-136 Antoninus served as a proconsul in Asia. He was such a good proconsul that he gained respect from Hadria
Culture and Arts of Argentina
Culture and Arts of Argentina
Culture, and Arts of Argentina Argentina is a nation with a vivid Spanish heritage, soundly affected since the 19th century by European, prominently Italian, immigration. A blithesome interest is maintained in the nation’s history, particularly as symbolized by the Gaucho or cowboy. Europeans also shaped literature in Argentina. In the fine arts, an example to be emulated has been France; only in folk art has there been crucial influence from Native America cultures. Any Literature in Latin Ame