Exhaust Gas

Porsche
Porsche
Porsche I have narrowed down my project to just Porsche vehicles. I am not going to talk about the man behind the car to much. I have found several web sites that have criteria about Porsche and their different models and their performance. I will discuss these subjects along with others. The history of Porsche will be discussed. I will also talk about some different models such as the 911 GT3. I will also discuss the GT1 and GT3 race seriesI will also discuss Porches latest press releases. His
The Enviromnetal Degradation as a Result of Overpopulation
The Enviromnetal Degradation as a Result of Overpopulation
The Enviromnetal Degradation as a Result of Overpopulation 1 Introduction There are simply too many people on our planet, and the population is not showing any signs of slowing down(see Figure 1). It is having disastrous effects on our environment. There are too many implications and interrelationships to discuss in this paper, but the three substances that our earth consists of: land, water and air, are being destroyed. Our forests are being cut down at an alarming rate, bearing enormous impact
AIR POLUTION
AIR POLUTION
AIR POLUTION Problem The first thing people see, in the morning, when they walk outside is the sky or the colored sun. Is this world giving us the privilege of seeing the natural colors of the sun through all the layers of pollution within the air (Dinanike 31)? Not only are beautiful sights such as this hidden behind the pollution this world causes everyday, but an increase in diseases, infections and death occurs. What causes pollution? What can we do to prevent it, and get rid of it? Is it fa
Privately Owned Gasoline Powered Vehicles Should Be Limited
Privately Owned Gasoline Powered Vehicles Should Be Limited
Privately Owned Gasoline Powered Vehicles Should Be Limited February 25, 1995 Social Studies 10H The automobile has become a very important part of today's society. It is a necessity to own or to have access to a car in order to keep up with all of the competition of the business world, and also one's social demands. Most people would not be able to travel around a country or the world without this incredible machine, for it provides freedom and mobility, even for people who do not own a car. Un
Gun Control Why Do We Need Licenses To Own Guns
Gun Control Why Do We Need Licenses To Own Guns
Gun Control: Why Do We Need Licenses To Own Guns? Automobiles must only be licensed for use upon public roads, and licenses are not required for the purchase of cars. There are no waiting periods or background checks on the purchase of cars. People who misuse their cars are punished for their own actions, and particular types of cars aren't banned or taken away from those who use them safely. Unlike driving on public roads, which is a privilege, owning a gun is a right explicitly protected by th
Rudolph Christian Karl Diesel
Rudolph Christian Karl Diesel
Rudolph Christian Karl Diesel Rudolph Diesel was born on March 18, 1858 in Paris. On September 4, 1870 Rudolph's family moved to England. In late November they decided it would be better for Rudolph to continue his schooling in Germany so he moved there on his own and stayed with a young professor. The problems Rudolph was trying to solve were the noise, size and unreliability of the steam engine. he wanted to create something that superheated ammonia gas could take the place of steam in a stea
The Cost Of Buying
The Cost Of Buying
The Cost Of Buying A Used Car This project has been put together to show the cost of buying and using a used car for one year. To show the different costs for cars I have made a chart on a later page. First, though, It probably would be good to tell a little about used cars. Used cars are, for some, a good investment. The used car is good for cheap transportation, and fun. Used cars also have many different uses besides just driving around. Some people buy used cars so they can restore them, wh
INDEX
INDEX
INDEX PROLOGUE 2 TYPES OF AIRSHIP 2 RIGID AIRSHIP 2 NONRIGID AIRSHIP 3 HISTORY OF RIGID AIRSHIPS 3 HISTORY OF NONRIGID AIRSHIPS 4 AIRSHIPS TODAY 5 HINDENBURG 6 HINDENBURG DISASTER 7 PROLOGUE An airship is a type of lighter-than-air aircraft with propulsion and steering systems, it is used to carry passengers and cargo. It obtains its buoyancy from the presence of a lighter-than-air gas such as hydrogen or helium. The first airship was developed by the French, called a ballon dirigible, it could
INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE
INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE
INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE INTRODUCTION Internal Combustion Engine, a heat engine in which the fuel is burned ( that is, united with oxygen ) within the confining space of the engine itself. This burning process releases large amounts of energy, which are transformed into work through the mechanism of the engine. This type of engine different from the steam engine, which process with an external combustion engine that fuel burned apart from the engine. The principal types of internal combustion
Technology and computers are increasing factors in the collision repai
Technology and computers are increasing factors in the collision repai
Technology and computers are increasing factors in the collision repair industry. With time being a concern for customers in many cases, the work we do has become easier to manage and faster to produce because of technology. Over the past ten years, equipment technology has increased our productivity. Today, a computerized management system helps you to quickly process repair orders, job costing, and management reporting. Some examples of this new technology are the Shark, Pro Spot PR-10, Magna
Hey Joe hand me the 316 socket I mumbled into the underside of my car
Hey Joe hand me the 316 socket I mumbled into the underside of my car
“Hey Joe, hand me the 3/16” socket,” I mumbled into the underside of my car. I felt a nudge in my ribs as my friend, Joe, handed me the socket I asked for. Matching the ends of the hexagonal shaped socket with the stub on my wrench, I pushed the two together. A loud click signaled the two ends of the socket and wrench fit perfectly. Reluctantly, I went to work tightening the chassis of my car. I felt overwhelmed by the number of lugs I would have to check and tighten. It took me almost a half a
THE 1999 FORD MUSTANG
THE 1999 FORD MUSTANG
THE 1999 FORD MUSTANG? The 1999 Mustang is a superb automobile at an excellent value. Ford has created a car with all of the amenities for a fair price. The performance and handling of this car is exceptional and the competition should be worried. When this car is driving down the strip, its styling will most definitely catch your eye. For a reasonable price tag you can own the '99 mustang. About $23,000 will get you a fully loaded pony. This car comes with everything from a high performance V-
THE EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE ON HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Changes in altitude have a
THE EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE ON HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Changes in altitude have a
THE EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE ON HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Changes in altitude have a profound effect on the human body. The body attempts to maintain a state of homeostasis or balance to ensure the optimal operating environment for its complex chemical systems. Any change from this homeostasis is a change away from the optimal operating environment. The body attempts to correct this imbalance. One such imbalance is the effect of increasing altitude on the body's ability to provide adequate oxygen to be utiliz
Tall Stories NEWSCIENCE
Tall Stories NEWSCIENCE
======================================================================= Tall Stories NEWSCIENCE ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Picture in your mind the skyline of downtown Toronto. There's the CN Tower, of course, and the 72-floor First Canadian Place, the city's tallest skyscraper. Cascading from there are the assorted banks and hotels and insurance towers. Now, use your imagination to construct some new buildings, these ones reaching three, four and fiv
FOR Fitness Business Plan
FOR Fitness Business Plan
F.O.R. Fitness Business Plan Executive Summary: F.O.R. Fitness is a service to the client that projects individual attention and positive reinforcement in the comforts of the client’s home. We will begin operations in January of 2004. Our proposed business is a service providing personal training at the next level. This partnership will be owned and managed by Francis Namocatcat, Oksana Kovalenko, and Rob Yarrington. Each business owner will contribute an equal investment to the company and shar
Slaughterhouse Five
Slaughterhouse Five
Slaughterhouse Five Chapter 1 Summary It is so short and jumbled and jangled … because there is nothing intelligent to say about a massacre. Vonnegut writes in his own voice, introducing his experience of the firebombing of Dresden, in eastern Germany, during World War II while he was a prisoner of war and his attempt for many years to complete a book on the subject. He begins with the claim that most of what follows is true, particularly the parts about war. With funding from the Guggenheim Fou
Global Warming
Global Warming
Global Warming Mission Plan a. Analysis of the Problem 1. History of the Problem Some scientist's have been concerned since 1896 about what might happen if there were 5.5 billion tons carbon dioxide in our atmosphere. In 1961 a British scientist did an experiment showing that the carbon in the air was absorbing some of the sun's radiation. Afterward a Swedish scientist, Suante Arrhenius, found out if the radiation of the sun was trapped in the carbon dioxide the temperature of the earth would in
How did Hitler persecute the minority groups of Germany so that he cou
How did Hitler persecute the minority groups of Germany so that he cou
“How did Hitler persecute the minority groups of Germany so that he could create his perfect Aryan society?” Historical Essay Year 11 IB History Word Count: 1488 22/3/04 During Hitler’s time in power minority groups in Germany and in Europe were tortured, tormented, exiled and killed. Hitler persecuted various minority groups because he thought they had no place in his master race. Hitler had a vision of a master race called the “Aryan race” which he planned to purify and become world dominator
Acid Rain
Acid Rain
Acid Rain INTRODUCTION: John F. Kennedy once said, “The supreme reality of our time is the vulnerability of our planet.” This vulnerability has never been so obvious as it is when we consider the devastating effect of acid rain. Acid rain destroys entire ecosystems and jeopardizes our health. The destructive power of this silent killer is evident to everyone who visits the Adirondack Mountains of New York State. The issue of acid rain is not just a local problem; the effect of acid rain on the e
Apollo 13
Apollo 13
Apollo 13 7-12-04 Apollo 13 Paper Apollo 13 was a mission to the moon that went wrong. The mission can be explained using physics. Physics was involved in every aspect of the flight. It all began with a smooth launch sending it en route to the moon. The launch was able to happen because scientists knew that a rocket recoils from the exhaust gases ejected from its engine. Each molecule of exist gas acts like a tiny molecular bullet shot downward from the rocket. After a successful launch the rock
Reducing Numbers of Cars
Reducing Numbers of Cars
Reducing Numbers of Cars Abstract Nowadays, the number of cars in the city is increasing very rapidly day by day. In this paper it is argued that as the numbers of cars are increasing rapidly in the city, pollution is becoming a serious problem. As a solution to this problem the numbers of cars in the city should be minimized. This paper will explain this argument through various researches done on this and some similar topics. This paper also illustrates the problems faced due to the congestion
Acid Rain
Acid Rain
Acid Rain CONTENTS Summary 1. Introduction 1.1 Terms of reference 1.2 Source of information 2. What is Acid Rain? 2.1 The definition of Acid Rain 2.2 How to Measure Acid Rain? 3. What cause Acid Rain? 3.1 History of Acid rain 3.2 Causes of Acid rain 4. What Are Acid Rain's Effects? 4.1 Water 4.2 Soil 4.3 Plant 4.4 Atmosphere 5. What Society Can Do About Acid Deposition ? 5.1 Understand acid deposition's causes and effects 5.2 Clean up smokestacks and exhaust pipes 5.3 Use alternative energy sour
The effects of smoking on the body
The effects of smoking on the body
The effects of smoking on the body Although tobacco has been accessible worldwide for centuries, the popularity of the intoxicating substance began in England around the late nineteenth century with the introduction of manufactured cigarettes. Until this time smoking was a male orientated pastime. A change in democracy enabled the newly emancipated women to take up the trend of smoking which enraged society as women used cigarettes as a fashion statement. The attraction of smoking rocketed throu
Air Quality Fossil Fuels as Compared to Alternative Fuels
Air Quality Fossil Fuels as Compared to Alternative Fuels
Air Quality: Fossil Fuels as Compared to Alternative Fuels INTRODUCTION We all breathe the same air, yet we all think differently about the way the air should be dealt with and how it should be conserved and used. Many people believe that the air is a natural resource that should be kept very sacred. However, many people also believe that the air is something we were just given and it doesn’t really matter how we deal with it because the long- term effects of abuse won’t hinder our lives. Most r
PART ONE CONTENTS --------------------3
PART ONE CONTENTS --------------------3
PART ONE CONTENTS --------------------3 SELFREALISATION AND DIRECTION FOR THE ADOLESCENT PART TWO CONTENTS ---------------------59 MANIFESTATIONS OF AWARENESS PART THREE CONTENTS -----------------104 PHILOSOPHICAL CONTENTS PART ONE. BOLD = MAIN TITLES. REGULAR = SUB TITLES. ----------------------------------------------------------------PAGE FORWARD -----------------------------------------------------4 INTELLECTUALITY -----------------------------------------8 DEDICATION ----------------------
On December 3 1995 astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope identi
On December 3 1995 astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope identi
On December 3, 1995, astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope identified a black hole in the galaxy NGC 4621, located 100 million light-years from Earth in the direction of the constellation Virgo. This is the second super-massive black hole that astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope have found. Astronomers believe that the mass of this black hole is about 1.2 billion times the mass of our sun, but it is concentrated in a space that is not any bigger than our solar system There are tw
THE AUTOMOBILE
THE AUTOMOBILE
THE AUTOMOBILE Soon after automobiles were mass-produced early in the 20th century, they began to change styles of living. The automobile is still causing changes. Easy access by passenger car or by truck helps to determine where people build homes, buy food, seek recreation, and locate businesses. The term automotive means self-propelling. It generally refers to passenger cars, trucks, buses, and tractors. The words automobile, motorcar, and car may include any conveyance in the general range
Air pollution from automobiles is a major environmental and health pro
Air pollution from automobiles is a major environmental and health pro
Air pollution from automobiles is a major environmental and health problem in many cities across the United States and around the world. Air pollution comes from the comes from the combustion process that leave the engine through the exhaust system and the crankcase. In engines using unleaded gasoline, the compounds in the exhaust are typically hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and oxides of nitrogen in diesel engines. The exhaust includes particulates that are related to smoke, and in engines usi
In engineering and more specifically thermodynamics there are a number
In engineering and more specifically thermodynamics there are a number
In engineering and more specifically thermodynamics there are a number of significant devices. This paper will discuss two of these devices: turbines and compressors. These two devices are related in the fact that they have opposing functions. A compressor uses energy to increase the pressure of a gas, whereas a turbine uses a fluid to produce energy. Also, in this paper a particular type of turbine, the steam turbine, will be discussed in-depth. Compressors As mentioned before, the main functi
Our Ozone Layer
Our Ozone Layer
Our Ozone Layer: Past, Present & Future April 30, 1998 I decided to investigate the environmental issue of the depletion of the ozone. Although I have heard many things about the ozone, and the hole over Antarctica, I wanted to find out more and get some real facts on ozone depletion and what we can do about it. The ozone layer refers to the ozone within the stratosphere, where over 90% of the earth's ozone resides. The ozone layer absorbs 97-99% of the sun's ultraviolet or UV light (The Ozone
Global Warming desperately needs to be ended If we do not end this war
Global Warming desperately needs to be ended If we do not end this war
Global Warming desperately needs to be ended. If we do not end this warming we can all die. Global Warming is very harmful to the world. Global Warming also affects many aspects of the world including the ocean, forests, people and rainfall. Global Warming is a product of the Greenhouse Effect. The Greenhouse effect is “the process in which infrared rays from the sun come into the earth’s atmosphere and are trapped. These rays keep the earth warm and habitable.” Gases such as CO2, N2O, and CH4
The Cars of the Future
The Cars of the Future
The Cars of the Future Cars are the chosen form of transportation for most Americans. In 1892 Henry Ford built the first car. It was in 1903 that he opened Ford Motor Co. Through the years cars have been rapidly changing and becoming more useful. Cars now have iron bars in the doors to decrease fatalities in accidents. The common car also has bright lights and engines are being built to reuse gas. As our society gets larger and expands, our cars need more capabilities, for example: the need to
Type of air pollution formed when oxides of sulfur and nitrogen combin
Type of air pollution formed when oxides of sulfur and nitrogen combin
Type of air pollution, formed when oxides of sulfur and nitrogen combine with atmospheric moisture to yield sulfuric and nitric acids, which may then be carried long distances from a source before they are deposited by rain, is called acid rain This pollution may also take the form of snow, fog, or a dry form of precipitation. Acid rain is currently a subject of great controversy because of widespread environmental damage for which it has been blamed, including eroding structures, injuring crop
Air Pollution
Air Pollution
Air Pollution Problem The first thing people see, in the morning, when they walk outside is the sky or the colored sun. Is this world giving us the privilege of seeing the natural colors of the sun through all the layers of pollution within the air (Dinanike 31)? Not only are beautiful sights such as this hidden behind the pollution this world causes everyday, but an increase in diseases, infections and death occurs. What causes pollution? What can we do to prevent it,and get rid of it? Is it fa
Global Warming
Global Warming
Global Warming Global Warming The relationship between humans and the state of the ecosystem is not only dependent upon how many people there are, but also upon what they do. When there were few people, the dominant factors controlling ecosystem state were the natural ones that have operated for millions of years. The human population has now grown so large that there are concerns that they have become a significant element in ecosystem dynamics. One of these concerns is the relationship between
Halon
Halon
Halon Halon an extinguishing agent was developed after World War II for the protection of aircraft engines. Several types were developed, and several were banned and discontinued such as halon 104. Other types were halon 1202, halon 1211, halon 1301, and halon 2402, which was never widely used in the United States due to its high toxicological concerns. Halon type 1101 was widely utilized for aircraft engines. The two most common types being; halon 1301 bromotrifluoromethane, CBrF3, which is mos
Pollution
Pollution
Pollution Pollution is the introduction of harmful substances or products into the environment. It is a major problem in America and as well as the world. Pollution not only damages the environment, but damages us also. It has cause many problems ranging from lung cancer to the greenhouse effect. It is all among us and but we continue to live in our own filth. What is the reason behind this flawed logic? In this paper I will examine the problems and solutions for this issue. Automobiles are unde
THE EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE ON HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
THE EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE ON HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
THE EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE ON HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Changes in altitude have a profound effect on the human body. The body attempts to maintain a state of homeostasis or balance to ensure the optimal operating environment for its complex chemical systems. Any change from this homeostasis is a change away from the optimal operating environment. The body attempts to correct this imbalance. One such imbalance is the effect of increasing altitude on the body's ability to provide adequate oxygen to be utiliz
Pollution
Pollution
Pollution The Hidden Things That Are Killing Us Pollution is the introduction of harmful substances or products into the environment. It is a major problem in America and as well as the world. Pollution not only damages the environment, but damages us also. It has caused many problems ranging from lung cancer to the greenhouse effect. It is all among us and yet we continue to live in our own filth. What is the reason behind this flawed logic? The cars we drive, our left over trash, and the busin
Diverrsity of Plants
Diverrsity of Plants
Diverrsity of Plants Plants evolved more than 430 million years ago from multicellular green algae. By 300 million years ago, trees had evolved and formed forests, within which the diversification of vertebrates, insects, and fungi occurred. Roughly 266,000 species of plants are now living. The two major groups of plants are the bryophytes and the vascular plants; the latter group consists of nine divisions that have living members. Bryophytes and ferns require free water so that sperm can swim
Internal Combustion Engines
Internal Combustion Engines
Internal Combustion Engines An internal-combustion engine is a heat engine that burns fuel and air inside a combustion chamber located within the engine proper. Simply stated, a heat engine is an engine that converts heat energy to mechanical energy. The internal- combustion engine should be distinguished from the external- combustion engine, for example, the steam engine and the Stirling engine, which burns fuel outside the prime mover, that is, the device that actually produces mechanical moti
The Effects of Altitude On Human Physiology
The Effects of Altitude On Human Physiology
The Effects of Altitude On Human Physiology Changes in altitude have a profound effect on the human body. The body attempts to maintain a state of homeostasis or balance to ensure the optimal operating environment for its complex chemical systems. Any change from this homeostasis is a change away from the optimal operating environment. The body attempts to correct this imbalance. One such imbalance is the effect of increasing altitude on the body's ability to provide adequate oxygen to be utiliz
Catalytic Converters
Catalytic Converters
Catalytic Converters Notice when a vehicle drives by nowadays, that it is so much quieter than those loud oldies that pour out the blue smoke. Ever wonder just what is underneath a vehicle that makes the new ones so much cleaner. It is called a catalytic converter. The main function of a catalytic converter is to decrease pollution emitted from a vehicles exhaust. The concept behind this is to add a catalyst and force a reaction between the automobile's exhaust and oxygen in the converter. To se
Photochemical Smog
Photochemical Smog
Photochemical Smog Gifted Chemistry IB Alternative Assessment 1997 March 19 Historically, the term smog referred to a mixture of smoke and fog, hence the name smog. The industrial revolution has been the central cause for the increase in pollutants in the atmosphere over the last three centuries. Before 1950, the majority of this pollution was created from the burning of coal for energy generation, space heating, cooking, and transportation. Under the right conditions, the smoke and sulfur dioxi
Carbon Dioxide In Beverages
Carbon Dioxide In Beverages
Carbon Dioxide In Beverages Carbon dioxide is a colorless gas, it has a small but sharp odor and a slightly sour taste. Each molecule of carbon dioxide consists of one atom of carbon and two atoms of oxygen. Its chemical formula is CO2. Carbon Dioxide is about 1.5 times heavier than air. The specific volume at atmospheric pressure (101.3 kilopascals) and 70 F (21 C) is 8.74 ft3/lb. Under normal conditions it remains stable, inert and non-toxic. To liquefy CO2 it must be under 300 pound per inch
How ATV's Work
How ATV's Work
How ATV's Work Thesis statement: All terrain vehicles are helpful and useful and I will explain how they work and how to fix them in this paper. Outline: Inn this paper I will discuss ATV’s and general knowledge and getting them wet. I also will discuss their origin and how they need care and how to keep them doing good for a long time. What is an ATV? It is an All Terrain Vehicle, also called three or four wheelers. It is also called a quad or ATV. An ATV is built to go where other vehicles can
Internal Combustion Engines
Internal Combustion Engines
Internal Combustion Engines Introduction Internal Combustion Engine, a heat engine in which the fuel is burned ( that is, united with oxygen ) within the confining space of the engine itself. This burning process releases large amounts of energy, which are transformed into work through the mechanism of the engine. This type of engine different from the steam engine, which process with an external combustion engine that fuel burned apart from the engine. The principal types of internal combustion
Airships
Airships
Airships INDEX PROLOGUE 2 TYPES OF AIRSHIP 2 RIGID AIRSHIP 2 NONRIGID AIRSHIP 3 HISTORY OF RIGID AIRSPS 3 HISTORY OF NONRIGID AIRSHIPS 4 AIRSHIPS TODAY 5 HINDENBURG 6 HINDENBURG DISASTER 7 PROLOGUE An airship is a type of lighter-than-air aircraft with propulsion and steering systems, it is used to carry passengers and cargo. It obtains its buoyancy from the presence of a lighter-than-air gas such as hydrogen or helium. The first airship was developed by the French, called a ballon dirigible, it
Death Of A Planet
Death Of A Planet
Death Of A Planet Death of a Planet Air pollution is a very big problem in the United States. A large part of air pollution comes from cars. The Environmental Protection Agency says, The most polluting activity an average person does everyday is drive their car (1 factsheet OMS-5). Most people probably aren't aware that they are polluting the environment. Maybe if everyone knew how serious this pollution problem is, they would find ways to reduce the pollution. Most pollution that is released by
Geothermal Energy
Geothermal Energy
Geothermal Energy Geothermal Energy Matt Arnold 9/17/96 Physics 009 Professor Arns The human population is currently using up its fossil fuel supplies at staggering rates. Before long we will be forced to turn somewhere else for energy. There are many possibilities such as hydroelectric energy, nuclear energy, wind energy, solar energy and geothermal energy to name a few. Each one of these choices has its pros and cons. Hydroelectric power tends to upset the ecosystems in rivers and lakes. It af