Crusades

The Youth of Francis
The Youth of Francis
The Youth of Francis Giovanni Bernardone was born around September 1182 to Giovanna (Pica) and Pietro di Bernardone. When little Giovanni was born, his father, a very successful cloth merchant, was on a business trip to Champagne, France, to buy fine French cloth. In his absence, his mother had him baptized him John. When his father arrived home, he was outraged to find his son named John, and had it changed to Francesco, or Frenchman. When Francis was about 10, his wealthy parents sent him to
Religion
Religion
Religion People may have different views about a belief or religion, but often both sides see a place of importance to them in the same way. Jerusalem has a religious importance for three religions. For Christians, the city is the site of many of the events in the life of Jesus Christ. For Jews, Jerusalem is the focus of their religious longing, the site of their ancient Temple, and their historical capital. For Muslims the city is their third holiest as the site from which Muhammad is said to h
The Reign of Terror
The Reign of Terror
The Reign of Terror History is said to be written by the winners, but is it possible to rewrite history? In a way, the French, like many who have preceded them, and many who will proceed them have done the impossible, rewriting history. From trivial folklore, such as George Washington chopping down a cherry tree, to the incredibly wrong, the African slave trade; people's views of history can be shaped and molded. The French have done a superb job of instilling all of us with the concept that th
Militant Monks
Militant Monks
Militant Monks The Knights Templar, a military order of monks answerable only to the Pope himself, were founded in 1118. Their primary responsibility, at least initially, was to provide protection to Christians making pilgrimages to the Holy Land. They rose in power, both religious and secular, to become one of the richest and most powerful entities in Christendom. By the time of their disbandment in 1307, this highly secretive organization controlled vast wealth, a fleet of merchant ships, and
Chivalry was a system of ethical ideals developed among the knights of
Chivalry was a system of ethical ideals developed among the knights of
Chivalry was a system of ethical ideals developed among the knights of medieval Europe. Arising out of the feudalism of the period, it combined military virtues with those of Christianity, as epitomized by he Arthurian legend in England and the chansons de geste of medieval France. The word chivalry is derived from the French chevalier, meaning horseman or knight. Chivalry was the code of conduct by which knights were supposedly guided. In addition to military prowess and valor and loyalty to G
Introduction Literature offers a strong and passionate voice for the p
Introduction Literature offers a strong and passionate voice for the p
Introduction: Literature offers a strong and passionate voice for the past. The literature of the Native Canadian is a voice we, the people of Canada, can no longer ignore. There is little to be gained by dwelling on the past. Nevertheless, there is much to be realized by accepting what has passed, with all of its mistakes and dust we might otherwise wish to hide under the carpets. English literature, since at least the sixteenth century, has a firm grounding in Canadian history. As a white Ang
History is said to be written by the winners but is it possible to rew
History is said to be written by the winners but is it possible to rew
History is said to be written by the winners, but is it possible to rewrite history? In a way, the French, like many who have preceded them, and many who will proceed them have done the impossible, rewriting history. From trivial folklore, such as George Washington chopping down a cherry tree, to the incredibly wrong, the African slave trade; people’s views of history can be shaped and molded. The French have done a superb job of instilling all of us with the concept that their Revolution was a
European Exploration and Expansion
European Exploration and Expansion
European Exploration and Expansion The five European powers comprised of Portugal, Spain, England, France, and the United Providence’s had early projects of expansion. The Vikings in ninth and tenth century moved as bands of merchant pirates looting trade ships and discouraging trade on the seas. Because of threats from people like the Vikings, early trade was discouraged. However, the Crusades from eleventh to thirteenth century resurrected the desire to trade and explore. The systematic infil
England Latin Anglia political division of the island of Great Britain
England Latin Anglia political division of the island of Great Britain
England (Latin Anglia), political division of the island of Great Britain, constituting, with Wales, the principal division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England occupies all of the island east of Wales and south of Scotland, another division of the United Kingdom. Established as an independent monarchy many centuries ago, England in time achieved political control over the rest of the island, all the British Isles, and vast sections of the world, becoming the nuc
Religions Spread Through Conquest
Religions Spread Through Conquest
Religions Spread Through Conquest When studying history, both in a professional and academic sense, we try to make connections between civilizations and time periods. Historians have attempted to discover universal constants of human nature, a bond that forms from continent to continent and human being to human being. Are there constant qualities that people posses and reflect in all civilizations? It is extremely difficult to make generalizations about centuries of modern history. To say that
Political Changes After the Crusades
Political Changes After the Crusades
Political Changes After the Crusades The series of crusades which started from the early the 1000’s and lasted for about two hundred years caused many important political changes in Europe. One of the results of the Crusades was the shift of power between kings and feudal lords. The method of direct taxing was initiated by the kings for the first time. The church also assumed more political power because of its spiritual leadership role in the Crusades. Evidently, the Crusades caused major chan
The Age of Enlightenment
The Age of Enlightenment
The Age of Enlightenment 5/8/04 World History Enlightenment essay The Age of Enlightenment saw many great changes in Western Europe. It was an age of reason and philosophes. During this age, changes the likes of which had not been seen since ancient times took place. Such change affected evert pore of Western European society. Many might argue that the Enlightenment really did not bring any real change, however, there exists and overwhelming amount of facts which prove, without question, that th
Franks Mongols and Turks
Franks Mongols and Turks
Franks, Mongols and Turks Multicultural Diversity in Early Islam Humans throughout history have banded together in groups, from families and tribes to races and nations. Ever since these groups began to form, they have been affecting each other and impacting each other’s cultures and ways of living. During the Middle Ages, this kind of cross-cultural impact was happening all across Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. As the different political and military powers gained supremacy, kingdoms expande
Medieval Islam
Medieval Islam
Medieval Islam . Islam is a religion that is complete. It has a rich culture and without any interference or flexibility in its basis it has turned out to be a complex, and dynamic steady in the world. Yet, the least is known about it in the West. It rose dramatically to popularity in the seventh century A. D. and from that time to present it has covered a large part of the world culture with its influence and managed to incorporate many languages and cultures within its midst. Islamic history b
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism About 2,500 years ago, an Indian prince named Siddharta Guatama, dissatisfied with his spiritually barren life, left his home, his wife, and his son and set out to find enlightenment. After a period of period of six years spent in constant searching, Guatama finally reached enlightenment, or Nirvana, while sitting under a tree in a long, profound state of meditation. Henceforth he became known as the Buddha (Clarke,149). In my religion Christianity, Jesus Christ was born on a “mission f
The Republic of Turkey
The Republic of Turkey
The Republic of Turkey May 20, 2004 Humanities 502 Geography Report Turkey Did you know that Turkey, now named The Republic of Turkey, was once the heart of the huge Ottoman Empire that contained a lot of the Middle East, North Africa, and all of the southeastern part of Europe? It is located in two continents—Asia and Europe, but mostly Asia. There are a lot of things about Turkey that one could talk about… Let's talk about the size first. In area it is about 300,000 square miles. As mentioned
Religious Wars Humanitys Worst Vice
Religious Wars Humanitys Worst Vice
Religious Wars – Humanity’s Worst Vice “Onward, Christian soldiers, marching as to war, with the cross of Jesus going on before. Christ, the royal Master, leads against the foe; forward into battle see his banners go!” This is the first verse from the well known Christian Hymn written by Sabine Baring-Gould, 1864 and composed by Arthur S. Sullivan, 1871. Although it represents an army of Christians ‘fighting’ against sin and the devil, in today’s society it can represent a religion involved in,
Who Was Jesus
Who Was Jesus
Who Was Jesus? A Humanities Essay That Teaches The Study of The Bible As A Historical Document I felt a very positive impression of who Jesus was after finishing the Book of Matthew. I had a new image of someone who was a down-to-earth, caring individual. I did not find quotes of Jesus that claimed being superior to the common man, of whom sinners could not look upon (a view that most people had of their Gods for centuries before). Matthew 12:49-50, Jesus announces to multitudes that they are h
Taoism
Taoism
Taoism Throughout history, Taoism has been one of the most influential religions of Eastern culture. This is certainly one of the most unique of all religions. Many Taoists, in fact, do not even consider it a religion; and in many ways it is not. Taoists make no claim that the Tao exists.1 That is what essentially separates Taoism from the rest of the world religions: there is no heated debate or battle over Taoist doctrine; there have been no crusades to spread the religion. The very essence of
Percussion
Percussion
Percussion Drums are among the oldest musical instruments. The best known of percussion instruments, they are found throughout the world and in a great variety of shapes and sizes. A drum normally consists of a skin or other membrane, called a head, which is stretched over an enclosed space or over one or both ends of a hollow vessel. Exceptions include the African slit drum, made from a hollowed-out tree trunk, and the Caribbean steel drum, made from a metal barrel. Drums are usually played by
What is Religion
What is Religion
What is Religion? According to the dictionary religion is the service and worship of God or the supernatural.1 I challenge that definition. It is true that all religions do involve the worship of some supernatural force, however, it is also true that no religion in history has ever stopped at that. For a more complete definition of the word religion we also have to examine two other aspects. How has it affected man over the centuries? And what is the true motivation of its leadership? Some wou
Both entertainment and education have been integrals parts of the huma
Both entertainment and education have been integrals parts of the huma
Both entertainment and education have been integrals parts of the human experience since the beginnings of time. Many scholars insist that the two institutions often serve jointly, with entertainers and entertainment serving as a main source of education. There is little argument, then, that in addition to generally appealing to the masses, entertainers have regularly fulfilled the role of a teacher to typically unsuspecting audiences. Entertainers have served as educators throughout history, fr
The Middle Ages
The Middle Ages
The Middle Ages Scott Flanagan Period1, 12/17/96 Table of Contents Map of Middle Ages Europe.......................................................................................3 Map of Modern Europe...............................................................................................4 Charlemange’s Eulogy...............................................................................................5 Charlemange’s Empire.................................................................
MOHANDAS GANDHi
MOHANDAS GANDHi
MOHANDAS GANDHi Satyagraha. Meaning force or firmness of truth, Mohandas Gandhi worked and lived by this word. By peaceful, non-violent demonstrations he little by little took hold of the people of India's love and honor and freed them from British rule. This is his story: On October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India, a region of Queen Victoria, Mohandas Gandhi was born to Kaba Gandhi and his wife. Although his father, Kaba, was the chief Minister for the Maharaja of Porbandar, he and his family live
In The middle of the Eleventh Century The tranquillity of the eastern
In The middle of the Eleventh Century The tranquillity of the eastern
In The middle of the Eleventh Century The tranquillity of the eastern Mediterranean seemed assured for many years to come, but little did the people know what was ahead . This, thus embark us on a journey back into the First Crusade. In this paper I will be discussing the events that lead up to the first in a long line of crusades. I will also be mentioning the lives of some of the crusaders through letters that they wrote. The crusades were a time of confusion for most people, yet today we loo
Throughout 476 AD to 1350 AD the Middle Ages reigned Life was about th
Throughout 476 AD to 1350 AD the Middle Ages reigned Life was about th
Throughout 476 A.D. to 1350 A.D. the Middle Ages reigned. Life was about that one code. The Code of Chivalry. Chivalry, the order of knighthood and especially the code of knightly behavior, was a feature of the High and later Middle Ages in western Europe. In the Middle Ages life was about glory, honor, and those oh so important ten guidelines. Those ten guidelines are: unswerving belief in the church and obedience to her teachings willingly to defend the church, respect, honor and defend the la
Religions
Religions
Religions When studying history, both in a professional and academic sense, we try to make connections between civilizations and time periods. Historians have attempted to discover universal constants of human nature, a bond that forms from continent to continent, human being to human being. Is there a constant quality that all peoples posses, and is reflected in all civilizations? Indeed, it is extremely difficult to make generalizations about centuries of modern history. To say that something
The History of Anti-Semitism
The History of Anti-Semitism
The History of Anti-Semitism Starting From the Bible to the Holocaust In today’s view of anti-Semitism, the most significant anti-Semitic movement was World War II and the Holocaust, however, all throughout history, a prejudice against the Jewish people has been present that might have led to this genocide. How could so many people be blind to this mass murder without having a feeling of self-reproach? In the New Testament, there are references that arguably show offenses to Judaism (Duran 1).
Causes and Results of the Crusades
Causes and Results of the Crusades
Causes and Results of the Crusades The Crusades were expeditions taken by the Western and European Christians to take back Jerusalem and other Palestine places of pilgrimage away from Muslim control. These expeditions occurred during the years 1095 and 1270 ad. It started on November 27, 1095 just outside a French city called Clermont-Ferrand. The Pope, Urban II preached a sermon to the many clergy at the church council that day in Clermont. He discussed his plans for a Crusade. The clergy like
THE HOLCAUST THE WAY IT WAS
THE HOLCAUST THE WAY IT WAS
THE HOLCAUST, THE WAY IT WAS Definition of the Holocaust What does Webster's dictionary defines the Holocaust as? ho·lo·caust \'hO-l&-kost, 'hä- also -kästor'ho-l&-kost\ noun 1 : a sacrifice consumed by fire, 2 : a thorough destruction especially by fire. (i.e. a nuclear holocaust) 3 a often cap. : the mass slaughter of European civilians and especially Jews by the Nazis during World War II -- usually used with the b : a mass slaughter of people; especially genocide. Beyond the Definition The
Mind your manners Yes my lord To civilize is to Christianize I work an
Mind your manners Yes my lord To civilize is to Christianize I work an
Mind your manners! Yes, my lord. To civilize is to Christianize! I work and I pay, I pray and I pay, I die and I pay. God wills it! Rich and poor alike in the Middle Ages were controlled by five specific institutions: the code of chivalry, the feudal system, Charlemagne, the manorial system and the Catholic Church. To encounter them was inevitable, to avoid them: impossible! Firstly, the code of chivalry was a code of behaviour for the upper class embodying all the qualities and characteristics
THE ROOTS OF CHRISTIANITY
THE ROOTS OF CHRISTIANITY
THE ROOTS OF CHRISTIANITY Religion is an impulse to explain. A natural impulse that everyone has and everyone one grapples with. It’s an impulse that, sadly and ironically, has been exploited to convince people to take actions that defy and demean that impulse. These exploiters are the ruling elite of nearly every society, in every era. It’s not hard to understand the false sense of security and comfort of faith that religion provides. Religious faith, which is a set of rules, is a tool used by
There has been numerous events or objects that have influenced me in o
There has been numerous events or objects that have influenced me in o
There has been numerous events or objects that have influenced me in one way or another. Although some of these may not have had a noticeable influence on me, , many have directly influenced my attitude, personality, or personal opinions. One of these noticeable influences is a book entitled Animal Farm. Prior to reading this book, I had little or no opinion on certain government. The book basically addressed the ideas of the dangers of ignorance in a society, the governments ability to manip
The Crusades
The Crusades
The Crusades In the 600’s, the Arabs, who were mostly Muslims, conquered Palestine. Palestine was the holy city of Christians and though they were allowed to live there and practice their religion openly, many wanted to control the city again. For about 400 years, everything continued peacefully. Then, in the 1000’s, the Seljuk Turks took Palestine. These people persecuted Christians and attacked Asia Minor. When the Byzantine emperor asked the Pope for help, he was more than ready to help. Eur
Throughout time there has been a transition of power from one individu
Throughout time there has been a transition of power from one individu
Throughout time there has been a transition of power from one individual to another. This has been a time honored tradition that takes place every four years. This remarkable tradition is formally known as the United States Presidency. Every four years there is an election to guarantee that the most fit person is selected to run our country. There is usually two to four runners for this grand position but only one is deemed the winner and the American President. So far in our history there have
The Middle Ages
The Middle Ages
The Middle Ages The Middle Ages were horrid times with even more horrid people. The whole thing started when the Roman Empire fell. The Romans were going great when slowly and gradually they started to fall. They became corrupt form barbarian invasions, a weakened economy, and several other factors. The Middle Ages were times of tragic and barbaric events. They consisted of blood, gore, and more blood. The inventive stage of man had come to a halt, and the people never thrived. It was a time of
After the disaster of the Tiberias Saladin released King Guy of Jerusa
After the disaster of the Tiberias Saladin released King Guy of Jerusa
After the disaster of the Tiberias, Saladin released King Guy of Jerusalem after he promise not to renew the war. King Guy believed that an oath to an infidel is no binding. The clergymen supported King Guy on this. Crusaders began to arrive at Tyre from the West. King Guy gathered a new army and in 1189, he challenged Saladin by taking over Acre. While the battle continued between the Franks and Muslims powerful forces were being collected in Europe for the recovery of the Holy Land. Three mon
In the city of Mecca around 570 AD a baby was born to the poor clan of
In the city of Mecca around 570 AD a baby was born to the poor clan of
In the city of Mecca, around 570 A.D. a baby was born to the poor clan of Hashim, in the large, well respected tribe of Quraish. Little did anyone know that this baby, named Muhammad would shake the foundation of middle-eastern civilization and later change the world. Muhammad never knew his father because of his untimely death before Muhammad's birth, and then later he last his mother at the age of merely six years. He would be raised and educated by his uncle Abu Talib, and grew up in the sam
Renaissance vs Modern Times
Renaissance vs Modern Times
Renaissance vs. Modern Times Many people believe that the Renaissance and Contemporary times are related. However, the Renaissance Era was vastly different in comparison to modern times. In review of the early European Voyages of Exploration and the modern day explorations, there were major differences in the missions, motives, and the pursuit of answers to questions of those eras. The objective of my report is to discuss the differences in exploration and astronomy in the Renaissance period in
STUDIES OF RELIGION
STUDIES OF RELIGION
STUDIES OF RELIGION The person that I have chosen to survey is Shehzad Salleem. This person is a Islamic believer and he has gratefully given up some of his time for me to survey him. Good afternoon Mr. Salleem and thank you for giving up some of your time for this survey. 1. What is Islam? The word Islam means peace and submission. Peace means to be at peace with yourself and your surroundings and submission means submission to the will of God. A broader meaning of the word Islam is to ach
Leif Erikson
Leif Erikson
Leif Erikson Christopher Columbus was not the first European to discover the New World! This commonly held belief is wrong. Columbus didn't reach the New World until 1492, 491 years after Leif Erikson's arrival in 1001 AD. Leif Erikson was the first European to set foot in the New World, opening a new land rich with resources for the Vikings to explore. But for some unknown reason, the Vikings only made a few voyages to the New World after Leif. Unfortunately, this caused his discovery to remai
Going to College Don't miss this page
Going to College Don't miss this page
Going to College? Don't miss this page! The Crusades The crusades were military expeditions launched against the Muslims by the Christians in an attempt to regain the Holy Land. They took place between 1095 A.D. and 1270 A.D. It was one of the most violent periods in the history of mankind. The starting point of the crusades was on November 18, 1095 A.D. when Pope Urban II opened the Council of Clermont. On November 27, outside the French city of Clermont-Ferrand, the Pope made an important spe
In The Bed With Bill
In The Bed With Bill
In The Bed With Bill It is no secret, to us or the rest of the world as we know it, that the president of the United States, Bill Clinton, is no stranger to criticism. All of our presidents have been no stranger to it, but none have been quite as familiar with it as he. Perhaps the reason is, Bill Clinton is nothing short of a womanizer, a hypocrite, and a sexual assaulter. With the nation giving him the nickname Slick Willy, early on, I assume he felt as though he need not let his country do
The term Freedom of Speech has a definition that can only be interpret
The term Freedom of Speech has a definition that can only be interpret
The term Freedom of Speech has a definition that can only be interpreted by the United States Judicial Systems. There are also some administrative lawmaking agencies and Legislators who attempt to interpret the Constitution and create regulations or laws, but in the end, the Judicial System has the final authority in regulating Individual Freedoms. This paper will discuss reasons or aspects of why Free Speech rights should and should not be regulated more and why I feel our Freedom of Speech sh
African Influence on Medieval Europe
African Influence on Medieval Europe
African Influence on Medieval Europe Turned inward upon itself, cut off from the Mediterranean Basin by the Sahara desert and from Europe for hundreds of years by the barrier of Islam, and in more recent centuries isolated by the system of the Triangular Trade, Black Africa was an unknown land until the end of the nineteenth century. This picture of Africa is common through out the western world. The prevalent stereotype is that Africa, also known as the 'Dark Continent', was unexplored and u
In the beginning of the First Crusade three organized armies marched
In the beginning of the First Crusade three organized armies marched
In the beginning of the First Crusade, three organized armies marched across Europe to Constantinople. These armies consisted of people called crusaders. They wanted to pass through Constantinople and settle in the Holy Land. As the crusaders settled in the Holy Land, they also slaughtered the Muslim inhabitants. Our jobs as representatives was try to prevent this war over the Holy Land from happening. As representatives, we looked at the opposing ideas of the different people in Europe and the
The Crusades were a religious military and economic movement that occu
The Crusades were a religious military and economic movement that occu
The Crusades were a religious, military, and economic movement that occurred between the 11th and the 14th century. The main cause of the Crusades was the difference in ideas between the two faiths, Christianity and Islam. Both the Western European and Byzantine Christians were concerned that the Muslims occupied the Christian Territory of Palestine and Syria, including Jerusalem, which was the birth place of Christ. The Muslims, who believed in Allah as their one true god were considered ene
Italian Renaissance
Italian Renaissance
Italian Renaissance The Italian Renaissance was a time of rebirth, questioning and exploration in Italy beginning in the early 1300’s. During this time the arts, sciences, and literary philosophy flourished. Italian scholars and artists studied the work, learnings, and art of the ancient Roman and Greeks in attempts to recapture the works of ancient Greece and Rome in their own literary and philosophic works. The Italian Renaissance overlapped a period called the Middle or Dark Ages. This was a
Anti-Semitism
Anti-Semitism
Anti-Semitism Anti-Semitism is the political, social and economic activities directed against Jewish people. The term is now used to denote anti-Judaic acts or sentiments based on any grounds, including religious ones. The word Semitic derives from the decedents of Shem, the oldest son of Noah. Around 1880, the term anti-Semitism was used to denote hostility only towards Jews. This hostility is supposedly justified by a theory developed in Germany in the mid nineteenth century, that people of
Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States
Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States
Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a vast nation that arose from a scattering of British colonial outposts in the New World. The first humans to inhabit the North American continent were migrants from northeast Asia who established settlements in North America as early as 8000 BC and possibly much earlier (see NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGY). By about AD 1500 the native peoples of the areas north of the Rio Grande had developed a variety of different c