Book The Scarlet Letter

Reverend Dimmesdale
Reverend Dimmesdale
Reverend Dimmesdale Life is hard, but accepting that fact makes it easier. this common phrase has been proven true in many people's lives, but is also a harsh fact that Boston's Rev. Dimmesdale, a key character in Nathaniel Hawthorne's the Scarlet Letter, had to face. In this twisted story of deception and adultery set in the Puritan era, Hawthorne introduces Dimmesdale as a weak and cowardly man who refuses to take responsibility for his actions. Yet, he transitions to a person who accepts h
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter Adultery, betrayal, promiscuity, subterfuge, and intrigue, all of which would make an excellent coming attraction on the Hollywood scene and probably a pretty good book. Add Puritan ideals and writing styles, making it long, drawn out, tedious, wearisome, sleep inducing, insipidly asinine, and the end result is The Scarlet Letter. Despite all these things it is considered a classic and was a statement of the era. The Scarlet Letter is a wonderful and not so traditional exampl
Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter provides us with intricate ch
Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter provides us with intricate ch
Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter, provides us with intricate characters to analyze and evaluate. Hawthorne carefully constructs his characters, giving them each different emotions, values, physical attributes, and thus creating different souls. One sees character development throughout the book, until at the end, one is left with an image of a seemingly real person. One of Hawthorne's carefully constructed characters is, Arthur Dimmesdale. With Arthur, one sees how sin changes him dra
Evil can be defined as That which is the reverse of good physically o
Evil can be defined as That which is the reverse of good physically o
Evil can be defined as, That which is the reverse of good, physically or morally; whatever is censurable painful, disastrous, or undesirable. In the novel The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Mistriss Hibbins can also be defined in those terms. She is believed to be evil by many of the characters. Henry Louis Mencken once said, It is a sin to believe evil of others, but is seldom a mistake. In this novel he was right, Mistriss Hibbins is evil. However, she is an important character
Symbolism of the Letter A Throughout Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet
Symbolism of the Letter A Throughout Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet
Symbolism of the Letter A Throughout Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter includes many profound and important symbols. This device of symbolism is portrayed well in the novel, especially through the scarlet letter A. The A is the best example because of the changes in the meaning throughout the novel. In the beginning of the novel, the scarlet letter A is viewed as a symbol of sin. The middle of the novel is a transition period, where the scar
The Scaffold's Power
The Scaffold's Power
The Scaffold's Power Recurring events show great significance and elucidate the truth beneath appearances. In The Scarlet Letter Nathaniel Hawthorne chooses the scaffold scenes to show powerful differences and similarities. Each scaffold scene foreshadows the next and brings greater understanding of the novel. By beginning with the first, continuing with the middle, and ending with the last platform scene, we can gain a better understanding of this masterpiece. At the beginning of the book, Hes
The Scarlet Letter - Hesters Alienation
The Scarlet Letter - Hesters Alienation
The Scarlet Letter - Hester’s Alienation Throughout his book The Scarlet Letter Nathaniel Hawthorne is preoccupied with the relationship between the individual and society. Hester’s sin and subsequent condemnation alienate her. No where is this alienation more apparent than in Chapter 5, Hester at her Needle. Condemned by her sin of passion, Hester is separated from her community, not only physically, as she lives on the edge of the town, and socially, as she this chapter Hawthorne presents t
The Scarlet Letter is a book of much symbolism One of the most complex
The Scarlet Letter is a book of much symbolism One of the most complex
The Scarlet Letter is a book of much symbolism. One of the most complex and misunderstood symbols in the book is Pearl, the daughter of Hester Prynne. Pearl, throughout the story, develops into a dynamic symbol - one that is always changing. In the following essay, I will explore some of the symbolism which Pearl came to represent throughout the novel. In The Scarlet Letter, Hester, for her sins, received a scarlet letter, A which she had to wear upon her chest. This was the Puritan way of tr
Visions of a Past Society
Visions of a Past Society
Visions of a Past Society In a world where society is disorganized, unhappy, and chaotic, it can be extremely difficult to provide an honest, and just law system. As a result, in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter, people use their religion (Puritan), as judge, jury, and executioner. For some people, it can be very troublesome to live a normal life when you are surrounded by biased and chauvinistic men and women. In this story, Hester Prynne is a victim of her religion, and her fellow tow
Biography of Edgar Allen Poe
Biography of Edgar Allen Poe
Biography of Edgar Allen Poe Edgar Allen Poe was one of the most successful writers of all time. He is known for his tales of the mysterious and macabre. He is reported to be the first master of the short story form (Edgar Allen Poe). About 12 of his works are known for their flawless literary construction. Poe had a rough childhood which definitely contributed to his writing. Poe was born in January 19th of 1809 in Boston. Poe was the son of David Poe, an actor and Eliza Poe, an actress. Poe a
Do You Dread Guilt
Do You Dread Guilt
Do You Dread Guilt? What is guilt? We all have guilt about something. Maybe forgetting something, lied about something, or even did something that shouldn't of been done. In The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne we saw guilt fester in the minds and outward appearance of the main characters, Hester Prynne, Arthur Dimmesdale and Roger Chillingworth. When you hear the word guilt what do you think it means? Guilt means remorseful awareness of having done something wrong or of having failed to d
Irish novelist Brian Moore observed There comes a point in many peopl
Irish novelist Brian Moore observed There comes a point in many peopl
Irish novelist Brian Moore observed, There comes a point in many people’s lives when they can no longer play the role they have chosen for themselves (Bookshelf 95). From Hollywood movie stars to professional athletes, people have and will continue to lead false lives, under the public spotlight, concealing their personal travails. In literature, the preceding statement has held true numerous times, in works such as Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter. Minister and respected citizen, Art
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter Throughout Nathaniel Hawthorne's book The Scarlet Letter, Hester's attitudes toward her adultery are ambivalent. This ambivalence is shown by breaking the book into three different parts. In each part her attitudes change significantly. Hester starts by seeing her act as a sin that she is sorry for committing. She changes and no longer feels sorry for the sin. Finally, Hester sees the act as not sinful, but she regrets committing it. In the first part, covering the first six
Tim Gibson
Tim Gibson
Tim Gibson Hour 7 HESTER PRYNE Hester Pryne, after being punished for her sin, lived an important life. In The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Hester was convicted of adultery. However, after her conviction, she managed to raise a daughter, became an important seamstress in her community, and set an example for her close-knit community. Pearl, the daughter of a convicted sex offender, grew up living a different life from her peers. Growing up with Hester, Pearl never really associated
Hololiterature a Holographic Interpretation of the Scarlet Letter
Hololiterature a Holographic Interpretation of the Scarlet Letter
Hololiterature: a Holographic Interpretation of the Scarlet Letter Comprehension of anything requires a framework already in place in order to place it in out sphere of reference. Especially those that are fuzzy or difficult to nail down. The brain and the atom are not fully understood, but by comparing functions, structures, and similar operations to known items or concepts one can obtain a hold on the unknown and even extrapolate unknown processes from known ones. (For example, the brain is
The Scarlet H
The Scarlet H
The Scarlet H The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne is about the trials and tribulations of Hester Prynne, a woman living in colonial Boston. Found guilty of adultery, Hester's punishment is to wear a visible symbol of her sin: the scarlet letter A. Through the book, the reader comes to know Hester, the adulteress; Dimmesdale, the holy man Hester had the affair with; and Chillingworth, the estranged husband of Hester who is out for revenge. The Scarlet Letter examines the interaction of t
Letters from the Heart
Letters from the Heart
Letters from the Heart I'm lonely. Being alone makes me feel like I'm lost, an outcast that doesn't deserve to stay here with the ones I love. They all ignore me now, they all treat me like the sinner I am.It's cold outside and as I wander from door to door seeking warmth and, perhaps, a little compassion from my friends, I recieve neither. Perhaps I deserve it. They aren't sinners. How could they possibly feel what I'm feeling right now? The Scarlet Letter, written by Nethaniel Hawthorn, offer
Mitchell Hochberg
Mitchell Hochberg
Mitchell Hochberg English 1/11/96 Light and Darkness Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter is one of the most analyzed and most discussed literary works in American literature and for good reason. Hawthorne’s ambiguity and his intense use of symbols have made this work incredibly complex and incredibly bothersome. In The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne uses many symbols to give insight into characters and promote his views on society. The scaffold scenes in The Scarlet Letter tell the re
Nathaniel Hawthorne was one of the greatest Anti-Transcendentalist wri
Nathaniel Hawthorne was one of the greatest Anti-Transcendentalist wri
Nathaniel Hawthorne was one of the greatest Anti-Transcendentalist writers of all time. He utilized his writings to express his dark, gloomy outlook on life. Hawthorne, a descendant of a puritan family, was born in Salem, Massachusetts. Some of his ancestors included a judge known for the harsh persecution of Quakers, and another judge who played an important role in the Salem witchcraft trials. Hawthorne’s attitude was molded by a sense of guilt, which he traced to his ancestor’s actions. Afte
Q If the book did not evoke any past memories or associations do you c
Q If the book did not evoke any past memories or associations do you c
Q: If the book did not evoke any past memories or associations, do you consider it literature? Based on which other criteria? I. I did not make a very clear connection with the text at all during my reading of it. Rosenblat said The readers attention to the text activates certain elements in his past experience-external reference, internal response-that have become linked with the verbal symbols. This rang true to me for, as I was plodding through the text, I saw a well crafted story with imp
In Nathaniel Hawthornes The Scarlet Letter life is centered around a r
In Nathaniel Hawthornes The Scarlet Letter life is centered around a r
In Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter, life is centered around a rigid, Puritanistic-structured society in which one is unable to divulge his or her innermost thoughts and secrets. Every human being needs the opportunity to express how they truly feel, or the emotion is bottled up until it becomes volatile. Unfortunately, Puritan society did not permit this expression, so characters had to seek alternate means in order to relieve themselves. Luckily, at least for the four main characters,
ENGLISH III AP Scarlett Letter
ENGLISH III AP Scarlett Letter
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ + ENGLISH III AP: Scarlett Letter + ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The Scarlet Letter A Reading Log by Brandon Moeller English III AP Fisher-7 8/7/96 CHAPTER 1- The Prison-Door- I found this one page introductory chapter to be very dramatic as it explained the history of the colony by telling the history of the prison-door. From the looks of this chapter, this story will probably be dragged out as much as possible. At first I thought the way Nathaniel Haw
Pesaresi 1 Julia Pesaresi
Pesaresi 1 Julia Pesaresi
Pesaresi 1 Julia Pesaresi Burns 3rd Period Pre-Ap English 20 February 96 Solitude and Isolation: Three of Hawthorne's works Solitude and isolation are immense, powerful, and overcoming feelings. They possess the ability to destroy a person's life by overwhelming it with gloom and darkness. Isolate is defined: to place or keep by itself, separate from others (Webster 381). Solitude is the state of being alone (Webster 655). Nathaniel Hawthorne uses these themes of solitude and isolation for th
The Effects of Sin in The Scarlet Letter
The Effects of Sin in The Scarlet Letter
The Effects of Sin in The Scarlet Letter Sin is the main theme in the Scarlet Letter. All of the characters in the book were somehow affected by the main sin, which was adultery. The three main characters were the most widely affected, and their whole lives were molded by the way they dealt with the sin. The sin surrounds, encloses, and strangles them. There was no escaping from its harsh consequences. Hester Prynne's sin was as an adulteress, and the result of this was that she had to wear the
March 181994
March 181994
March 18,1994 The Scarlet Letter: An Analysis of Symbolism The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne is generally considered to be the first American symbolic novel. A symbol is something which is used to represent something broader in meaning. The most obvious symbol in the novel is the actual scarlet A which both the criticism and I agree upon. This A is the literal symbol of the sin of adultery. The letter A then appears in many different forms throughout the novel. The gold-embroidered
THE SCARLET LETTER
THE SCARLET LETTER
THE SCARLET LETTER Since the dawn of time people have read, studied andenjoyed books in which the hero or heroes fall from grace.No matter who those heroes are- the human race in The Bible,the demon prince Lestat in Anne Rice's Vampire Chroniclesor a certain Thane of Cawdor in Macbeth- sin plays a greatpart in all of their downfalls and subsequent ressurections.And the three main characters in Hawthorne's The ScarletLetter-Dimmesdale, Chillingsworth, and Hester Prynne- are no different.
Subject EnglishHistory --Review of The Scarlet Letter
Subject EnglishHistory --Review of The Scarlet Letter
Subject: English/History --Review of The Scarlet Letter Hawthorn Swings, and Misses The Scarlet Letter Adultery, betrayal, promiscuity, subterfuge, and intrigue, all of which would make an excellent coming attraction on the Hollywood scene and probably a pretty good book. Add Puritan ideals and writing styles, making it long, drawn out, tedious, wearisome, sleep inducing, insipidly asinine, and the end result is The Scarlet Letter. Despite all these things it is considered a classic and was
Many criminals today serve their time in prison and are then set free
Many criminals today serve their time in prison and are then set free
Many criminals today serve their time in prison and are then set free. Most of them go on to commit other crimes, without learning the lesson their punishment was meant to teach. the worst punishment possible is torture and to live with ones own guilt. In The Scarlet Letter, Hester Prynne is punished by having to stnd on a scaffold for three hours and having to wear a scarlet letter on her breast. After a while she feels no guilt and goes on about her life. People in the community forget about
The Scarlet Letter is a story written by Nathaniel Hawthorne The story
The Scarlet Letter is a story written by Nathaniel Hawthorne The story
The Scarlet Letter is a story written by Nathaniel Hawthorne. The story's setting is in the 1850's during the puritan times in Boston, Massachusetts. Roger Chillingworth was one of the main characters along with Hester Prynne and Author Dimmesdale. Roger Chillingworth was a small, thin, and was slightly deformed in appearance with one shoulder being higher than the other. He was described on page fifty-six by Hester Prynne as being remarkable intelligence in his features, as of a person who ha
Where The Blame Falls We go threw our lives hoping to do the right thi
Where The Blame Falls We go threw our lives hoping to do the right thi
Where The Blame Falls We go threw our lives hoping to do the right thing for ourselves and the right thing for others. Through our lives we take the blame for many things and sometimes we get the blame pushed upon us. This is shown in the book, The Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne. Hester, Pearl, Chillingworth, and Dimmesdale are two of the main characters. Hester was made a scapegoat, and Dimmesdale was mortified. Hester is charged with committing a very serious sin among the Puritan's,
Inner states of being manifested outwardly in The
Inner states of being manifested outwardly in The
Inner states of being manifested outwardly in The Scarlet Letter People often times try to cover up their interior in order to hide something that is not to that persons liking. However, this inward state of being always winds up working its way to a persons exterior, and thus, letting everyone know of their respective sins. This is a recurring theme in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s, The Scarlet Letter. Names like Chillingworth and Dimmesdale let the reader know how, in reality, these characters are, b
John Updike
John Updike
John Updike John Updike, unlike many of today’s authors, wrote about what he knew and life experiences. Some people may say that this would make his writings boring or uninteresting. The way he writes, however, makes it applicable to almost everyone’s life. When John Updike was little he grew up in a small town in Pennsylvania and later moved to a small farm a couple miles away. He ended up going to Harvard university on a full ride scholarship. Updike wrote many books on his childhood. He wrote
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter Chapter 1 A prison door is surrounded by a group of Puritan settlers. They are dressed in dark, simple clothing, and wear serious expressions. Just to the side of the door is a single wild rose bush, covered with flowers because it is June, rose season: [O]n one side of the portal, and rooted almost at the threshold, was a wild rose-bush, covered, in this month of June, with its delicate gems, which might be imagined to offer their fragrance and fragile beauty to the prisoner
The Scarlet letter
The Scarlet letter
The Scarlet letter The Scarlet letter was a book about a women who had comited a crime called adultry she had to wear a letter A on her clothes so everyone would know that she committed a crime. She loved a man she could never be seen with who she had a child with named Pearl. There are many ways that the scarlet letter was shown in the context of this book. Some of the ways the scarlet letter was shown in the contexts, the letter A , Pearl, and the meteor in the sky. The letter A was the letter
To what extent were the changes in sanitation mainly responsible for B
To what extent were the changes in sanitation mainly responsible for B
To what extent were the changes in sanitation mainly responsible for Bristol’s improved healthiness between 1849 and 1870? In 1869 the Times reported that Bristol was one of the healthiest towns in the country. Yet just less than quarter of a century earlier that same newspaper made a very different claim. Bristol was seen as the third most unhealthy town in Britain. If we are to believe these reports it seems that a transformation had come about in a relatively short period of time. This study
A Bomb
A Bomb
A Bomb The creation of the Atomic bomb was one of the most profound military, as well as technological achievements of the twentieth century. Nuclear technology has made it possible to have dependable electricity in our, as well as many other countries. It also acts as a war deterrent in some ways, this is so because no one wants the world breaking out in Nuclear war fare. It would surely bring an end to man kind as we know it. In this essay I am going to give a history of the Atomic Bomb, while
A view of Young Goodman Brown
A view of Young Goodman Brown
A view of Young Goodman Brown The story Young Goodman Brown is about a man and his faith in himself, his wife, and the community they reside in. Goodman Brown must venture on a journey into the local forest refuse the temptations of the devil and return to the village before sunrise. The time era is approximately a generation after the time of the witch trials. Goodman Brown's struggle between the evil temptations, the devil, and the proper church abiding life, is a struggle he does not think he
Hawthornes Style of Writing
Hawthornes Style of Writing
Hawthorne’s Style of Writing in The Scarlet Letter and “Young Goodman Brown” Nathaniel Hawthorne was an American novelist whose works were deeply concerned with the ethical problems of sin, punishment, and atonement and contributed greatly to the evolution of modern American literature. A New England native, Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts on July 4, 1804 and died on May 19, 1864 in New Hampshire. An avid seaman, Hawthorne’s father died in 1808 when Nathaniel was only a young child.
One Love One Heart
One Love One Heart
One Love, One Heart In the recent documentary, Bowling for Columbine, Matt Stone, the co-creator of South Park, said that it is a universally believed truth about school that if you don’t succeed, you will be a failure for life. If you don’t do well on your tests, you’ll never make it to honors, you’ll never go to a good college and you’ll be “poor and lonely for the rest of your life.” If you are a loser in high school you will be and feel like a loser your whole life. That is anything but the
The Greatest Sinner
The Greatest Sinner
The Greatest Sinner ‘In Adam’s fall we sinned all’. January 12, 2003 2nd Hour In Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter, the reader is able to observe how one sin devastates three lives. Hester Prynne, Arthur Dimmesdale, and Roger Chillingworth are all guilty of succumbing to temptation, anger, and desire, causing all to fit the definition of a sinner. However, the question in this book is not of who sinned, for everyone is a sinner, it is of who sinned the greatest. Chillingworth's iniquities
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter October, 2003 Many great works of literature are filled with material symbols that are meant to represent other deeper more meaningful things, none more so than the letter “A” in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “The Scarlet Letter”. In this book, Hawthorne provides us with an intricate plot that takes the scarlet letter through a rollercoaster of ups and downs, spanning the spectrum of positive and negative connotation throughout the course of the novel. While the sense of the meaning a
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter The book The Scarlet Letter is all about symbolism. People and objects are symbolic of events and thoughts. Throughout the course of the book, Nathaniel Hawthorne uses Hester, Pearl, and Arthur Dimmesdale to signify Puritanic and Romantic philosophies. Hester Prynne, through the eyes of the Puritans, is an extreme sinner; she has gone against the Puritan ways, committing adultery. For this irrevocably harsh sin, she must wear a symbol of shame for the rest of her life. However
The Scarlet Letter Review
The Scarlet Letter Review
The Scarlet Letter Review Adultery, betrayal, promiscuity, subterfuge, and intrigue, all of which would make an excellent coming attraction on the Hollywood scene and probably a pretty good book. Add Puritan ideals and writing styles, making it long, drawn out, tedious, wearisome, sleep inducing, insipidly asinine, and the end result is The Scarlet Letter. Despite all these things it is considered a classic and was a statement of the era. The Scarlet Letter is a wonderful and not so traditional
The True Sinners
The True Sinners
The True Sinners The main characters, Hester Prynne, Arthur Dimmesdale, Roger Chillingworth, and the Puritan society represented by the townspeople, all sinned. The story is a study of the effects of sin on the hearts and minds of Hester, Dimmesdale, and Chillingworth. Sin strengthens Hester, humanizes Dimmesdale, and turns Chillingworth into the villain. Hester Prynne�s sin was adultery. This sin was regarded very seriously by the Puritans, and was often punished by death. Hester�s punishme
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter By Nathaniel Hawthorne Nathaniel Hawthorne's background influenced him to write the bold novel The Scarlet Letter. One important influence on the story is money. Hawthorne had never made much money as an author and the birth of his first daughter added to the financial burden (Biographical Note VII). He received a job at the Salem Custom House only to lose it three years later and be forced to write again to support his family (IX). Consequently, The Scarlet Letter was publi
When the topic of a Puritanical society is brought up most people thin
When the topic of a Puritanical society is brought up most people thin
When the topic of a Puritanical society is brought up, most people think of a rigorous, conservative, highly devout society. While this may have usually been the case, this was not always so. The Puritan society was also known not to act out of brotherly, Christian love, but to cruelly lash out on those who sinned or were deemed unfit for society. Two works of literature that display both aspects of this society very accurately are The Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne, and The Crucible, by
In The Scarlet Letter Nathaniel Hawthrone masterfully weaves many them
In The Scarlet Letter Nathaniel Hawthrone masterfully weaves many them
In The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthrone masterfully weaves many themes and uses character development to format the plot of this novel. The themes of The Scarlet Letter are carried out through the four main characters -- Hester Prynne, Arthur Dimmesdale, Roger Chillingsworth, and Pearl -- and also through symbolism. In this novel, Hawthrone hoped to show that although Hester and Dimmesdale sinned, they achieved the wisdom of self knowledge and inner growth through their suffering. Background
The Scaffold
The Scaffold
The Scaffold Many authors believe that sin can be atoned for. Nathaniel Hawthorne believes that characters can be forgiven of their sins. In the book The Scarlet Letter, the scaffold represents a place of atonement for sin. The scaffold is a wooden stool usually placed in the most visible part of the town. The person who wishes to be atoned for his or her sins must stand on the scaffold so that everyone can see the person. This was the only way that the person could be forgiven without being cor
BIOGRAPHY HELEN KELLER 1880-1968
BIOGRAPHY HELEN KELLER 1880-1968
BIOGRAPHY: HELEN KELLER (1880-1968) Early life Helen Adams Keller was born in Tuscumbia, Alabama, on June 27, 1880. She was the daughter of newspaper editor Captain Arthur Keller and his wife, Kate Adams Keller. At the age of 19 months, Helen was struck with a severe illness (called brain fever at the time, it may have been scarlet fever) which left her both blind and deaf. Her deafness made it difficult to learn to speak. She invented 60 of her own signs in order to communicate with her fami
Two authors best who typify a Romantic style of writing are Edgar Alle
Two authors best who typify a Romantic style of writing are Edgar Alle
Two authors best who typify a Romantic style of writing are Edgar Allen Poe, and Nathaniel Hawthorne. Both authors identify their characters through the use of creative symbolism, colorful metaphors, and the use of the supernatural in their works. Like many authors of the seventeenth century Poe and Hawthorne stretched Realism beyond the edge of reality thereby developing a style of writing which today is commonly refer to as Romanticism. The use of the short story format in both The Black Cat