Bear Witness To

Witches
Witches
Witches American history has few subjects as interesting as witchcraft, because it confronts us with many Ideas about women. It confronts us with fears about women, the place of women in society, and with women themselves. Also, it confronts us with violence against women and how the problems of society were often blamed on women. Even though some men were executed as during periods of witch hunting, witches were generally thought of as women and most who died in the name of witchcraft were wom
Uses of Clothing in the Novel Their Eyes Were Watching God
Uses of Clothing in the Novel Their Eyes Were Watching God
Uses of Clothing in the Novel Their Eyes Were Watching God by Zora Neale Hurston In the novel Their Eyes were watching God Zora Neale Hurston portrays a woman named Janie's search for love and freedom. Janie, throughout the novel, bounces through three different marriages, with a brief stint at being a widow in between. Throughout these episodes, Hurston uses Janie`s clothing as a visual bookmark of where Janie is in her search for true love and how she is being influenced by those around her.
BABI YAR
BABI YAR
BABI YAR In Babi Yar, Yevgeny Yevtushenko pays tribute to the victims of the Holocaust in general, and particularly to those who perished in his homeland of Russia. Although he himself is not a Jew, Yevtushenko writes this poem with hopes of bettering his country's society by deprecating anti - Semitism. In achieving this, Yevtushenko uses various literary devices, including allusions that appeal to non - Jews as well as Jews, imagery, and his voice and diction as a whole. In his use of the f
It is the nature of the beast within that fuels our inclination toward
It is the nature of the beast within that fuels our inclination toward
It is the nature of the beast within that fuels our inclination towards conflict and destruction. During the surreal powers of war, life hangs in the balance setting the stage for an elite group of individuals who triumphantly rise above the rest amidst the chaos. As Ernest Hemingway illustrates in his book, Farewell to Arms, the character of Frederick Henry; an ambulance driver, is put to the ultimate test during the madness and atrocity of WWI. His experiences at the front pose a challenge on
In the Short Stories by Ernest Hemingway a young boy by the name of Ni
In the Short Stories by Ernest Hemingway a young boy by the name of Ni
In the Short Stories by Ernest Hemingway a young boy by the name of Nick Adams goes through his life’s tribulations slowly learning and experiencing new things. Nick Adams is a young boy that is very naïve and still has many things to learn before he is considered a true man. Contained in these stories are the experiences that Nick goes through, helping him understand many topics and ideas such as: life, death, and relationships. In the story of the Indian Camp nick has his first experience. In
There is no man blessed amongst us All the works of man are known and
There is no man blessed amongst us All the works of man are known and
“There is no man blessed amongst us. All the works of man are known and every soul is tried,” sings the chorus at the beginning of Oedipus Rex. After answering the riddle of man, Oedipus becomes the foremost of living men and takes his turn on the top of the wheel. Oedipus believes, “it is better to rule over man than over a wasted place; since, a walled township is nothing if it is empty and has no man within it.” But, what he does not realize is that very soon he will have fallen to the botto
January 21 1994 Shylock-Victim or Villain
January 21 1994 Shylock-Victim or Villain
January 21, 1994 Shylock-Victim or Villain In 1594 the Earl of Essex, an English Nobleman who lived during the Elizabethan period in England, was actively involved in the persecution and trials of Roderigo Lopez. Lopez was a Jew of Portuguese descent, who was wrongly accused of attempting to poison the Queen of England, for reasons never fully explained. Lopez, being the Queen's royal physician, was in no position to defend himself once he was accused. Essex, who provided the evidence also pres
Arthur Miller's The Crucible is clearly a representation of the true
Arthur Miller's The Crucible is clearly a representation of the true
Arthur Miller's The Crucible is clearly a representation of the true meaning of tragedy. John Proctor was, in fact, the medium, the tool, of which Miller utilized to convey a universal depiction of tragedy. A broad definition of a tragic hero is a protagonist who, through faults and flaws of his own and in the society in which he exists, falters in the grand scheme of things. This mistake leads to suffering, which ultimately leads to a self-realization. Miller, himself, has said, Tragedy, th
I eased behind the huge mass of nesting material and took a firm
I eased behind the huge mass of nesting material and took a firm
I eased behind the huge mass of nesting material and took a firm hold of several strands, I then pulled back, quickly, to pull them free. The jarring concussion, which followed, took me by suprise. I tried to get my bearings as the ground rushed up to meet me and recovered about two feet from the ground. After that near miss I climbed back to the altitude I had been at and started searching for my tormentor. I realized that I had grabbed hold of a human's hair and that he had not been happy abo
Walt Whitman
Walt Whitman
Walt Whitman Walt Whitman, a famous American poet, was born on May 31, 1819 in the West Hills of Long Island, New York. His mother’s name was Loisia Van Velsor, of Dutch descent., and amazingly could not read very well, if at all. His dad was an English carpenter who probably could not read his son’s poetry. His parent’s family consisted of nine children, four of whom had disabilities. His start in literature came when, at the age of 12, he was withdrawn from school to work as a printer. At thi
American history has few subjects as interesting as witchcraft because
American history has few subjects as interesting as witchcraft because
American history has few subjects as interesting as witchcraft, because it confronts us with many Ideas about women. It confronts us with fears about women, the place of women in society, and with women themselves. Also, it confronts us with violence against women and how the problems of society were often blamed on women. Even though some men were executed as during periods of witch hunting, witches were generally thought of as women and most who died in the name of witchcraft were women. In t
The book Black Elk Speaks was written in the early 1930's by author Jo
The book Black Elk Speaks was written in the early 1930's by author Jo
The book Black Elk Speaks was written in the early 1930's by author John G. Neihardt, after interviewing the medicine man named Black Elk. Neihardt was already a published writer, and prior to this particular narrative he was at work publishing a collection of poems titled Cycle of the West. Although he was initially seeking infor- mation about a peculiar Native American religious movement that occurred at the end of the 19th century for the conclusion his poetry collection, Neihardt was instea
Athena Jason Stowe
Athena Jason Stowe
Athena Jason Stowe Period 2 The god to be the topic of discussion in this report is Athena. Athena was an important member of the Olympic pantheon. She was born fully armed from the forehead of Zeus, the chief god. Athena was Zeus's favorite child. He entrusted her with the Aegis, his breastplate, and with his thunderbolt. Athena's role as a goddess varied. She was a major warrior and most images depict her dressed in armor and holding a spear. In Homer's Iliad, she is described as a fierce bat
My Mom and Dad were divorced when I was one Dad actually managed to se
My Mom and Dad were divorced when I was one Dad actually managed to se
My Mom and Dad were divorced when I was one. Dad actually managed to sexually abuse me before the divorce. Karen and Janet, my two older sisters and I went to Dad's on Sundays where we had breakfast. We listened only to classical music, which we hated probably because it was Dad. We did not like him too much, he was different. I had no idea until after he was murdered that he was gay. Well, looking back he was flamboyant, wearing scarves and brooches. He was a gourmet cook and prided himself
The Values of the Invisible Man
The Values of the Invisible Man
The Values of the Invisible Man I awoke, there was a crash on the upper deck. I heard a thunderous crackling from my head above. I ran up the stairs and what I saw devastated me. The small wooden boat was completely coated in billowy flames. Help, help, somebody please! I slowly moved towards the sound being careful to dodge flames as much as possible. The smoke was choking me. I could see a faint outline of a face across the deck. It was Tom, my lifelong friend and companion. He was completely
THE IMPACT OF MARKETING INFORMATION SYSTEM ON MANAGERIAL DECISION MAKI
THE IMPACT OF MARKETING INFORMATION SYSTEM ON MANAGERIAL DECISION MAKI
THE IMPACT OF MARKETING INFORMATION SYSTEM ON MANAGERIAL DECISION MAKING PROCESS: A CASE STUDY OF FSB INTERNATIONAL BANK PLC, MAIDUGURI BRANCH, NIGERIA. (COURSE: FOUNDATION OF MARKETING) BUSN 342 OF THE DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION JUNE, 2004 This work is a case study submitted to the student service of the AIU, after completion of the course titled “Foundation of Marketing” (BUSN 342) by the writer. TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page - - - - - - - - - 1 Table of Contents - - - - - - - 11 CHA
ISLAMIC FINANCE
ISLAMIC FINANCE
ISLAMIC FINANCE TERM REPORT CAR IJARA MBA 3 (DPO) DATE: 16TH DECEMBER 2002 BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS At the completion of this report, we are very thankful to Mr. Ahmed Ali of Meezan bank for his sharing of valuable information, time and providing us with useful insight into the subject of Islamic car financing.. We are thankful to Mr. Farid Khan, of Meezan Bank for sharing his knowledge of car financing with us. We are also thankful to Mr. Mansoor Ali of Citibank for providing us
Should They Have The Right
Should They Have The Right
Should They Have The Right? 1 English 1301 19 November 2002 In recent years the debate over the question of whether terminally ill people should have the legal right to obtain a physicians help in ending their lives has intensified. People possess assurance in the conviction that mentally ill patients should have the right to seek a physician’s assistance to bring about an end to their lives. Within approximately every state, assisted suicide has not been prohibited or conceded by law. Over twen
What was Goldings purpose in writing the novel The Lord of the Flies
What was Goldings purpose in writing the novel The Lord of the Flies
What was Golding’s purpose in writing the novel, The Lord of the Flies? Golding attempts to transmit the message through his novel The Lord of the Flies. His message meant to alert readers that all mankind possess within them the capacity to do evil. This essay will demonstrate how Golding expresses this purpose through his use of setting, plot, characters and symbols throughout his novel. The Lord of the Flies includes four main characters. Ralph is the attractive, capturing and charismatic nat
Everyday Use A Reflection on the Life of Alice Walker
Everyday Use A Reflection on the Life of Alice Walker
“Everyday Use:” A Reflection on the Life of Alice Walker October 29, 2003 Period 5 Survey of Composition and Literature Alice Walker is an extremely successful African-American author. She was born on February 19, 1944 in Eatonton, Georgia. Many people doubted her success because at the age of eight she was blinded in her right eye by the bullet of a BB-gun. But Walker was determined and did not let that minor setback hinder her progress. Her parents were Willie Lee and Minnie Lou Grant Walker.
Slaughterhouse Five
Slaughterhouse Five
Slaughterhouse Five Chapter 1 Summary It is so short and jumbled and jangled … because there is nothing intelligent to say about a massacre. Vonnegut writes in his own voice, introducing his experience of the firebombing of Dresden, in eastern Germany, during World War II while he was a prisoner of war and his attempt for many years to complete a book on the subject. He begins with the claim that most of what follows is true, particularly the parts about war. With funding from the Guggenheim Fou
A view of Young Goodman Brown
A view of Young Goodman Brown
A view of Young Goodman Brown The story Young Goodman Brown is about a man and his faith in himself, his wife, and the community they reside in. Goodman Brown must venture on a journey into the local forest refuse the temptations of the devil and return to the village before sunrise. The time era is approximately a generation after the time of the witch trials. Goodman Brown's struggle between the evil temptations, the devil, and the proper church abiding life, is a struggle he does not think he
Asian Philosophies of Critical Thinking EXTENDED ESSAYAsian Philosophi
Asian Philosophies of Critical Thinking EXTENDED ESSAYAsian Philosophi
Asian Philosophies of Critical Thinking EXTENDED ESSAYAsian Philosophies of Critical Thinking: divergent or convergent to western establishments? MAY 2003 AbstractThe research question of this extended essay came across at a very early stage in my life. Having been born and developed from a family with all its members being University instructors and professors, I was often involved in arguments related to the lack of critical thinking in Asian cultures. As I got older, having had the chance to
Beloved
Beloved
Beloved Beloved is a novel which is both surrealistic and realistic. Although it depicts haunted houses and people returned from the dead, it also vividly and believably portrays life as a slave, and as an ex-slave, recounting the story of a free black who is never really free from anything--especially her past. The main storyline recounts the life and trials of Sethe, an escaped slave who is haunted by the horrors of her past, by the ghost of her murdered daughter, and the murder which she hers
Ceramics Historical Project
Ceramics Historical Project
Ceramics Historical Project Cypriot Ceramics of the Late Bronze and Early Iron Ages 8 March 2000 Cyprus, or Kypros in Greek, is one of the largest islands in the Mediterranean. It is situated about forty miles south of Turkey and about two hundred and forty miles north of Egypt. To the east it has the mountain range of Lebanon on the mainland and to the North that of Taurus. The name it bears is derived from the mineral that it is so rich in, copper. The Greek word for copper is kypros. It was
No More Smoking in Films
No More Smoking in Films
No More Smoking in Films April 28, 2004 Issue Essay What kind of impact do movies have on us? Films can make us laugh, and make us cry, but do they also influence us to engage in the same kind of behavior as our onscreen heroes? We've heard arguments for and against the cause-and-effect relationship of onscreen sex and violence, but what about onscreen smoking? The first recorded opposition to cigarettes was in 1892. Cigarettes were labeled by the Senate Committee on Epidemic Diseases to be an a
Everyday Use A Reflection on the Life of Alice Walker-By Sheena Mitche
Everyday Use A Reflection on the Life of Alice Walker-By Sheena Mitche
“Everyday Use:” A Reflection on the Life of Alice Walker-By Sheena Mitchell Alice Walker is an extremely successful African-American author. She was born on February 19, 1944 in Eatonton, Georgia. Many people doubted her success because at the age of eight she was blinded in her right eye by the bullet of a BB-gun. But Walker was determined and did not let that minor setback hinder her progress. Her parents were Willie Lee and Minnie Lou Grant Walker. Both of them were poor sharecroppers. She is
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder o Introduction o Method of Research o What is PMDD? o Symptoms of PMDD o How is PMDD Diagnosed? o How is PMDD Treated? o The Experiment o Discussion of Results o Conclusion o Bibliography o Appendices Introduction The following project aims to discuss the debilitating illness Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD), whilst comparing and contrasting the symptoms and severity of PMDD to Premenstrual tension (PMT). The last fifty years has finally shown recognition to
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle A Critical Postmodern The
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle A Critical Postmodern The
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle: A Critical Postmodern Theory of Public Administration April 12, 2001; Revised April 30, 2001 Pre-publication draft of article published in: Administrative Theory Praxis, Vol 23 (3): 431-458. Abstract I propose a critical postmodern application of Debord’s Spectacle and the carnivalesque of Bakhtin to the theatrics I see happening in city streets, on college campuses, and Internet resisting the new globalized economy. In the past decade pubic administ
Discuss the issues of publishing pictures that have been altered using
Discuss the issues of publishing pictures that have been altered using
Discuss the issues of publishing pictures that have been altered using a computer. Picture and subject manipulations have been a part of photography since it was first invented. But because of computer technology, digital manipulations are relatively easy to accomplish, hard to detect and perhaps more alarming, alter the original image so that checking the authenticity of the picture is impossible. Some critics have predicted that in a few years, images -- whether still or moving -- will not be
Tom Sawyer Summary
Tom Sawyer Summary
Tom Sawyer: Summary Tom Sawyer is a boy who is full of adventures. In his world there is an adventure around every corner. Some of his adventures have lead him into some bad situations but with his good heart and bright mind he has gotten out of them. Tom lives with his aunt Polly, his cousin Mary and his bother Sid. One of the first things to happen in the book is a memorable one, the painting of the fence. Tom's aunt Polly made Tom paint her fence on a Saturday as a punishment. Tom just hated
Americans are faced with an ever-growing problem of violence
Americans are faced with an ever-growing problem of violence
Americans are faced with an ever-growing problem of violence. Our streets have become a battleground where the elderly are beaten for their social security checks, where terrified women are viciously attacked and raped, where teen-age gangsters shoot it out for a patch of turf to sell their illegal drugs, and where innocent children are caught daily in the crossfire of drive-by shootings. We cannot ignore the damage that these criminals are doing to our society, and we must take actions to stop
FLAMENCO BAILE
FLAMENCO BAILE
FLAMENCO BAILE: A LIVING HISTORY Flamenco is not merely a style of music, song or dance from Spain but rather a way of life that influences the daily activities of many individuals. The art of flamenco was intended to be an outward expression of an individuals most profound emotions and the flamenco way of life. It was never intended to be a technical art performed with stoic precision yet without duende (a passion/feeling for flamenco). The main components and styles of flamenco will be discuss
The failure of Gun Control Laws
The failure of Gun Control Laws
: The failure of Gun Control Laws Americans are faced with an ever-growing problem of violence. Our streets have become a battleground where the elderly are beaten for their social security checks, where terrified women are viciously attacked and raped, where teenage gangster shoot it out for a patch of turf to sell their illegal drugs, and where innocent children are caught daily in the crossfire of drive-by shootings. We cannot ignore the damage that these criminals are doing to our society, a
I Form and Content
I Form and Content
I. Form and Content Long-time friend and literary executor of the Lewis estate, Owen Barfield has suggested that there were, in fact, three C. S. Lewises. That is to say, there were three different vocations that Lewis fulfilled--and fulfilled successfully--in his lifetime. There was, first, Lewis the distinguished Oxford don and literary critic; secondly, Lewis, the highly acclaimed author of science fiction and children's literature; and thirdly, Lewis, the popular writer and broadcaster of
The idea of fitting a keyboard to an instrument with strings which sta
The idea of fitting a keyboard to an instrument with strings which sta
The idea of fitting a keyboard to an instrument with strings, which started to vibrate when struck by hammers, was conceived probably in the fourteenth and certainly in the fifteenth century. For the next two hundred and fifty years, however, the harpsichord with plucked, rather than struck, strings, held undoubted sway. The clavichord also, had its adherents and within its severe limitations was responsive to gradations of finger touch, its strings struck by miniature tangents. In the late sev
Fusion reactions are inhibited by the electrical repulsive force that
Fusion reactions are inhibited by the electrical repulsive force that
Fusion reactions are inhibited by the electrical repulsive force that acts between two positively charged nuclei. For fusion to occur, the two nuclei must approach each other at high speed to overcome the electrical repulsion and attain a sufficiently small separation (less than one-trillionth of a centimeter) that the short-range strong nuclear force dominates. For the production of useful amounts of energy, a large number of nuclei must under go fusion: that is to say, a gas of fusing nuclei
In Thomas Hardy's Tess of the D'Urbervilles Tess Durbeyfield is a vict
In Thomas Hardy's Tess of the D'Urbervilles Tess Durbeyfield is a vict
In Thomas Hardy's Tess of the D'Urbervilles, Tess Durbeyfield is a victim of uncontrollable and incomprehensible outside forces. Tess can be characterized as a yielding, unsuspicious, and fundamentally pure young woman who is struggling against a fate that is too strong for her. Tess can easily be seen as a victim of circumstance, society and male idealism, who fights the hardest fight. Yet, she is destroyed by her ravaging self-destructive sense of guilt, life denial, and the cruelty of two me
The Dalai Lama Wisdom Derived from Suffering
The Dalai Lama Wisdom Derived from Suffering
The Dalai Lama: Wisdom Derived from Suffering In His sixty-three years of the current reincarnation, the Dalai Lama has grown from a simple undiscovered child to a world-reknowned symbol of peace. His philosophies were inspired by the early sufferings that are posed the environmental, cultural, religious, and political suppressions. The wretchednesses and the difficulties that he has encountered lead to his wisdom. Combined with His never-ending desire to learn and communicate, The Dalai Lama's
Eagerly I pick up a Newspaper from the corner store On the cover an ar
Eagerly I pick up a Newspaper from the corner store On the cover an ar
Eagerly, I pick up a Newspaper from the corner store. On the cover an article reads “INDIAN REMOVAL COMPLETED” Unbidden memories come to mind, and I remember seeing the Indian tribe known as the Cherokee march through my town. I saw weak and fatigued people forced to walk across almost 3 states to their new home that they have never seen before. The combined impact of being physically tortured and starved, and the emotional pain of being uprooted from land they’ve owned for generation, was too
When Germany invaded Russia in 1941 they did so neither near-sighted o
When Germany invaded Russia in 1941 they did so neither near-sighted o
When Germany invaded Russia in 1941, they did so neither near-sighted or as a “back-handed” diplomatic ploy. While Russia remained a key objective to Hitler, it was also seen as a necessity for long-term victory and survival in Europe for Germany. “Plan Yellow”, as developed by Field Marshal Erich von Manstein, called upon the pre-emptive strike against an imperialistic Russia, using speed and superior leadership as keys to victory. To always remember the axiom: “History is written by the conqu
CRIME VIOLENCE AND THE LAW IN MEDIA
CRIME VIOLENCE AND THE LAW IN MEDIA
CRIME, VIOLENCE, AND THE LAW IN MEDIA The national media, and in particular television, is the most powerful source of information we have. The media, more than anything else in today’s world, shapes public perception. Unfortunately, most of what we see, hear, or read is about the chaotic condition of planet earth. Sure, there is plenty of chaos to report on, but by bombarding the public with one horrific report after another, the media acts like a giant amplifier of pain and misery. In many peo
Speech Essay
Speech Essay
Speech Essay Welcome all. Welcome not only to the familiar faces I've seen in the halls- our class of 1999, Ms. Williams, Mrs. Sachs, and Father Waris- but to the friends, relatives, and family that have joined to celebrate from miles way. It is truly heart warming to see so many join us in a celebration of our accomplishments and achievements. As we open a new chapter in our lives, we cannot be swept away in the excitement of a new high school with new faces without reflecting on things that ha
Sun Dance
Sun Dance
Sun Dance For many tribes of Plains Indians whose bison-hunting culture flourished during the 18th and 19th centuries, the sun dance was the major communal religious ceremony . . . the rite celebrates renewal - the spiritual rebirth of participants and their relatives as well as the regeneration of the living earth with all its components . . . The ritual, involving sacrifice and supplication to insure harmony between all living beings, continues to be practiced by many contemporary native Ameri
A Tale Of Two Cities Notes
A Tale Of Two Cities Notes
A Tale Of Two Cities Notes A Tale of Two Cities - Book I (Chapters 1 - 4) Summary It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness . . . Dickens begins A Tale of Two Cities with this famous sentence. It describes the spirit of the era in which this novel takes place. This era is the latter part of the 1700s - a time when relations between Britain and France were strained, America declared its independence, and the peasants of France beg
Bears Beware
Bears Beware
Bears Beware In our world today many animals and plants are loosing their fight against human intervention in their once well-balanced ecosystem. We are all aware of the extinction of the dinosaurs and the dodo birds, however most people do not realize that annually thousands of species of our flora and fauna are now becoming extinct. This on going trend is increasingly threatening our bio diversity and global ecology. To give a specific example of animal depletion I will focus on Canadian bears
Holy Year of Jubilee
Holy Year of Jubilee
Holy Year of Jubilee Holy Year of Jubilee The ultimate derivation of the word jubilee is disputed, but it is most probable that the Hebrew word jobel, to which it is traced, meant a ram's horn , and that from this instrument, used in proclaiming the celebration, a certain idea of rejoicing was derived. Further, passing through the Greek iobelaios, or iobelos, the word became confused with the Latin jubilo, which means to shout , and has given us the forms jubilatio and jubilaeum, now adopted in
Methamphetamine Built for Speed
Methamphetamine Built for Speed
Methamphetamine: Built for Speed? Methamphetamine has reclaimed a place in the lexicon of party drugs. Hailed by nocturnal adventurers, condemned by raver idealists, is speed a sleepless dream or an addictive nightmare? by Brian Otto Here at the end of the millennium, the pace of modern life seems fleeting -- a whirl of minutes, hours and days. In dealing with the changes, humans have equipped themselves with the tools to move faster, more efficiently. At the same time a dependence for the mar
Gandhi a great leader
Gandhi a great leader
Gandhi, a great leader Few men have ever had as much of an effect on our world as Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948), though he used the message of peace and love, rather than war and destruction. One time a prominent lawyer in South Africa, Gandhi gave up practicing law and returned to India in order to help ease the suffering of the repressed people of his homeland. Gandhi's love for people and his religious fervor made him a revolutionary in many of his ideas and actions. He desired to see India fre
Is Birth Control The Solution To Teen Sex
Is Birth Control The Solution To Teen Sex
Is Birth Control The Solution To Teen Sex? Since the 1970's, sexually transmitted diseases(STDs), unintended pregnancies, and other problems from sexual activity have increased among adolescents in the United States. Approximately 1 million adolescent girls become pregnant each year and 86% of all STDs occur among persons aged 15-29 years.1 Premarital and teenage sex are far from being a new idea. What is new is the way we deal with it. One of the most common solutions is to distribute mass quan