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Courtly Love and Social Institutions For several thousand years, the world’s wealthy and nobility used marriage as a contract, a method of binding two families together to increase power or money. Only in the last century has that sort of arranged marriage disappeared. During the Middle Ages, arranged marriages were common in every station of life. From princes to weavers to peasant farmers, it was the social norm for two families to arrange a match between their children for the sake of power a
Artist Some creative projects can drive you up the wall. It is an article in English magazine. It is very nice to have a talent of creativity, some people have this talent and you recognize that through there life style and from every things they do you can tell that they are a creative people. Creative is the idea of refreshing your mind and come up with something very nice to life. Khara Mcfadden a creative girl she is 16 years old. She spent months mixing colors and painting on her room’s wal
We’re Not in the Middle! The Renaissance is known as the period of re-birth. It is the time of new art, new music, and also new science. Through out time the Church and the people have always believed that the sun and all the other planets revolved around the Earth. Any other theory would be considered heresy. One of the greatest discoveries of the renaissance was the heliocentric theory. This theory stated that the sun was the center of the universe. Nicolaus Copernicus created this theory. Wha
First Lady of the Renaissance There are many incredible women that have done great things for this country. One in particular goes by the name of Isabella d’Este. She was known as the “First Lady of the Renaissance.” During her time she greatly affected the lives of artists and writers. Isabella d'Este was born in 1474 into the ruling family of Ferra. Isabella's father believed in the equality of men and women and so Isabella and her siblings were very well-educated. At the age of sixteen Isabel
Egyptian History History Egypt has one of the most ancient civilizations of the world. Its history spans over five millennia. The pharaohs ruled Egypt for about 3 000 years until it was conquered by the Greeks, then by the Romans. In 639 AD, it was conquered by Islams from Syria . In 1517 the Ottomans took over until Napoleon came to Egypt in 1798. Egypt remained under English and French domination until the 1950’s, until the revolution of 1952. Traditions and Customs As in their holy book the Q
Historical Accuracy When the average student opens a textbook they are expecting what is written down to be proven, factual information. They trust the author to provide them with useful and valuable facts, which they can apply to help further their education. In most cases, the students have to look no further than what is written down in their textbook, because the material presented has been verified over and over again, through countless experimentation and observation. For example, if a sci
“How did Hitler persecute the minority groups of Germany so that he could create his perfect Aryan society?” Historical Essay Year 11 IB History Word Count: 1488 22/3/04 During Hitler’s time in power minority groups in Germany and in Europe were tortured, tormented, exiled and killed. Hitler persecuted various minority groups because he thought they had no place in his master race. Hitler had a vision of a master race called the “Aryan race” which he planned to purify and become world dominator
HISTORY DATES 1206 – 1526 THE DELHI SULTANATE 1206 DEATH OF MUHAMMED GHORI 1206 – 1290 THE SLAVE DYNASTY I. QUTBUDDIN AIBAK T WAS A SLAVE WHOM MUHAMMED GHORI HAD BROUGHT. T HE THEN BECAME THE GOVERNOR OF INDIAN DURING MUHAMMED GHORIS REIGN. T AFTER THE DEATH OF MUHAMMED GHORI, HIS VAST TERRIROTIES WERE DIVIDED AMONG HIS GENERALS AND RELATIONS, WHILE QUTUBUDDIN BECAME AN INDEPENDENT RULER. T BEING A SLAVE THE DYNASTY HE FOUNDED CAME TO BE KNOWN AS THE SLAVE DYNASTY. T HE WAS A GREAT CONQUEROR. T
My Visit to the Crystal Palace Hi! My name is Kira Minnick. I just wanted to tell you a little about the big travel experience I got to have a few years ago. My family and I left our home in Algeria to head out for London, England. It was a long trip, but well worth it. We made this trip because we wanted to see what everyone around the world was talking about – The Crystal Palace. The Great Exhibition or The World’s Fair is what everyone was calling this huge display of new technologies and thi
The Catholic Church September 13, 2004 History text assignment # 1, Pg. 67 3) “Vain is the hope of salvation through letters of pardon, even is a commissary- nay, the Pope himself- were to pledge his own soul for them.” Looking at this statement Luther is trying to state that people have useless hope for writing letters of forgiveness, and paying donations for their sins to be forgiven. The Pope doesn’t even care of the people’s sins he’s only there for the money he is collecting from the poor.
The Media and Joseph McCarthy Joseph Raymond McCarthy, was born in Grand Chute, Wisconsin, Nov.14, 1908, and died an alcoholic on May 2, 1957. McCarthy was best known for his attacks on alleged Communism especially in the Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower administrations. The extreme accusations by McCarthy and his followers lead to the phrase McCarthyism. This phrase is used in reference to the 'sensational and highly publicized personal attacks, usually based on unsubstantiated charges
Western Cartography Western cartography starts with the revival of knowledge of Claudius Ptolemy's Geographia soon after the year 1400 AD. Greek manuscript copies made in the twelfth to fourteenth centuries, were brought by scholars to Italy from Constantinople and subsequently translated into Latin and widely studied. Ptolemy lived in the 2nd century AD in Egypt. He divided the world in 360 degrees and introduced a method to establish meridians and parallels and projected the round shape of the
Franks, Mongols and Turks Multicultural Diversity in Early Islam Humans throughout history have banded together in groups, from families and tribes to races and nations. Ever since these groups began to form, they have been affecting each other and impacting each other’s cultures and ways of living. During the Middle Ages, this kind of cross-cultural impact was happening all across Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. As the different political and military powers gained supremacy, kingdoms expande
ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION To Understand the events that led to the birth and rise of what became an Empire in a very short time, it is necessary to understand the events that preceded the period of the “prophet”. The people of what would have become the Islamic world can be divided into four linguistic families that derive from a common source. These four families can be classified as : 1-Semitic 2-Hamitic 3-Indo European 4-Altaic The first two, Semitic and Hamitic derive from the so called Afro-asia
Does Life Imitate Art, or does Art Imitate Life? 1 Eng-4UI 27 September 2003 Reality TV shows deal with the most current dramatic issues ranging from relationship quandary, to the aspect of teamwork. This is truly a form of art imitating life outside of the small screen. Had it not been for the conception of life, the aspect of art would not exist. Therefore the only logical conclusion one can conjure is that art unquestionably represents life. Reality Television shows attract millions of viewer
The Masters of the Renaissance: Leonardo, Raphael, Michelangelo, and Donatello The purpose of this project is to educate the reader more about these four magnificent artists who enlightened the Renaissance Era with their beautiful art work and with many other of their talents. Leonardo Da Vinci, who lived from 1452 to 1519, was a recognized inventor and artisan. He was born in the town of Vinci, Italy. His upbringing was very good, he was given the best education that money could offer and he b
Michel-Ange Grâce à son talent indiscutable en sculpture, en peinture et en architecture, Michel-Ange est un de ceux qui, par son ingéniosité, est parvenu à donner un regain de vie aux villes européennes à l'époque de la Renaissance. Il fut considéré comme un véritable génie de ce temps. Vous retrouverez dans le texte qui suit, les principales œuvres de cet artiste. Michlangelo Buanorrati est né le 6 mars 1475 à Caprese, au sein d'une riche famille de Florence. À l’âge de 13 ans, son père le pla
The Black Panther Party for Self  Defense: Huey P. Newton an Bobby Seale 8April03 History 204 In 1964, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent methods of attempting to attain change for american Blacks through leadership. Nonviolence had achieved success with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Segregation and the barriers set up for american Blacks to keep them from voting were seemingly easier to overcome than were the issues
King Leahy To begin this paper, dear King Leahy, let us mention that we’ve noticed many things while on our journey. These people are extremely different from us, and in many ways! They act different than us, and have many Social Developments. There are people called Reformers here. They have different social classes, and many, many people! They also have something called Methodism. Reformers here want to change all the problems with society. They’d like Kids to stop working in factories, woman
Prohibition: The Legislation of Morality During the 1800's and early 1900's through out the United States there was a movement for the end of alcohol. The sole aim and purpose of this body was to stamp out the evils of alcohol. This movement, most commonly called Prohibition, mixed the morals of Christianity and the politics of government. Prohibition did succeed with the ratification of the 18th was, however, a great mistake. This amendment made the common man a criminal, lowered the confidence
Protestant catholic reformations Word Count: 1694 The economy flourished with the invention of the printing press. It was the cause for the protestant reformation. If it had not been for the printing press, it would have been stomped out. Usually when a new religion was formed it was nipped in the bud of the development of it and labeled heresy before the common people would have ever heard to tell of it. There were also much higher literacy rates in this age as well. More people knew how to rea
Renaissance Humanism Writers and philosophers of the Renaissance expressed their opinions about human nature and humans’ roles in the universe through their writings. Francesco Petrarch pioneered the first intellectual movement called humanism. An Italian poet and man of letters, he attempted to apply the values and lessons of antiquity to questions of Christian faith and morals in his own day. He believed that true eloquence and ethical wisdom had been lost during the Middle Ages and could onl
Samurai Tradition in Japan prizes grace, tranquillity and harmony with nature. But tradition also celebrates the fierce warrior of Japan; the samurai. Sometimes wandering alone, more often fighting in Japans complex civil wars, the samurai may have been history's most effective and terrifying warriors. Legends, movies, popular fiction, books in Japan and all over the world picks the samurai as the most lethal swordsman that has ever lived. Was he that lethal? Yes. Was it pure technique, mere mas
Socrates Question 1 Explain Socrates’ claim that the crucial qualification for ruling is not wanting to rule. What is the role of philosophy in producing this qualification? Socrates first introduces philosophy as a qualification for rulers in Book V. It is here that he formulates the idea of philosophers as king, or kings as philosophers. Socrates feels that this is the most controversial idea he has put forward, the third and greatest wave of paradox. However, one could consider his theories o
Some Quotes Used to Establish Hitler's Christianity The Internet is awash with many quotes from Hitler that could be used in support of the idea that he considered himself Christian, or thought he was acting in accord with God's will, or something like that. I have collected a number of such citations myself. But bear in mind that these are mostly public sayings, so you have to be careful about how much you trust them. A good one is this from Mein Kampf: Hence today I believe that I am acting in
Sparte versus Athènes Dans tous les livres sur Sparte les mots « bon », « excellent, » « gentil » ne sont pas associes avec cette ville beaucoup. Mais beaucoup des livres disent que les Spartiates étaient les très mauvais peuples. C’est vrai dans un sens mais les Spartiates n’étaient pas un mauvais peuple. Ils étaient très brillants avec les systèmes qu’ils avaient et le forme d’éducation qu’ils avaient commence. Les Spartiates et les peuples d’Athènes avaient beaucoup, beaucoup de différences;
African Americans Throughout 1917-1945 The history of the struggle of blacks to gain equality and freedom in America is a disturbing, grievous story, that reveals the courage and determination of the black community. In the period, 1917-1945, African Americans were concerned with achieving equality under the law. They however, fell victim to harsh discrimination from the whites. Many events such as the ‘great migration’, the ‘Black Renaissance’, black political movements, and the Great Depressio
History Of Pasta The beginning of pasta date back to times of yore. The first hint we have of pasta comes from the tools used for making and cooking pasta found in an Etruscan tomb. Shortly after the birth of Christ, a chef named Apicius mentions something which sounds a lot like lasagna in his book of recipes. Around the year 1000, we have the first documented recipe for pasta in the book De arte Coquinaria per vermicelli e macaroni siciliani , (The Art of Cooking Sicilian macaroni and Vermicel
The National Socialist German Workers’ Party The National socialist German Workers’ Party was a terrible force of the 1900s. Their ideology and beliefs led to the death and destruction of many Jews and other nationalities. Even though the Nazism where thought to be terrible people they were admired by the lower middle class. “Also the Nazi thought of patriotism and militarism gain heavy emotional feedback from people who could not forgot Germany’s prewar imperial grandeur. In the national electi
The Spanish Armada of 1588 In 1588 the Armada set sail on what would become one of the biggest naval mistakes known throughout history. Philip II of Spain had intentions of reviving Catholicism and in doing so he believed that England must undergo reform along with other Protestant areas. The Armada was an integral piece in solving this puzzle for Philip. His intentions were to use the Armada as a shield for invading England. Alexander Parma was to take Philip’s army and unite with the Armada fo
Lights Out, Guerilla Radio ENGL 1010 Music downloading has been increasing exponentially lately with little sign of slowdown for a reason. Hundreds of thousands of people download millions of songs every day from nearly every country on the planet. Starting with Napster, which was created by 19-year-old Shawn Fanning in 1999, music downloading has gained international attention from record companies, the authorities, and patrons to the program as well as many similar ones. Record companies belie
Memorandum To: Really Important Partner From: Date : April 6th, 2004 Re: Joshua Edward v. City of Bakersville, File number. 030257 _________________________________________________________ ISSUES 1. In what type of forum was Joshua Edward displaying his artwork? 2. Why is a 42 United States Code § 1983 (2000) action filed? SHORT ANSWER 1. Mr. Edward was displaying his artwork in a nonpublic forum due to the area in which it was placed as well as the designation by the city that this parcel was
Museum of Modern Art Without thinking I will chose museums, because museums attracts me the most of all entertainments in any city I visited during my job trips or just to spend time in a nice city like the one I will go to San Francisco in the USA. This city exactly will remained me of it’s most famous museum with specially Romanian design that I am really living in a room in the past years. The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art was the first museum on the west coast dedicated to 20th century
ORDER TO GET OUT OF VEHICLE GOVERNMENT 308 INTRODUCTION I. A. Opinion in Pennsylvania v. Mimms 1. Facts 2. Decision of the Court 3. Analysis of reasoning B. Opinion in Maryland v. Wilson 1. Facts 2. Decision of the Court 3. Analysis of reasoning II. A. Plurality Opinion in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts v. Gonsalves 1. Facts 2. Decisions of lower courts 3. State Supreme Court decision a. Majority b. Concurring 4. Analysis of reasoning Opinion of Court in Pennsylvania v. Mimms During a routine
Posing a Question ENGL 1010 Should people be able to download music for free through peer to peer networking programs? This is a question that has been growing larger lately to the point of legal action. This is seen through the record labels taking action against users of programs like Kazaa, Morpheus, and most notoriously, Napster. In the last few years the number of users of the listed programs, along with many others like them, has increased exponentially in spite of the lawsuits that the re
Cannery Row John Steinbeck is a writer who experienced the pain of the Second World War and though it is true that many who have read his work have negatively criticized his writing, many have also embraced his work in acceptance and appreciation. Yet, showing his true colours, Steinbeck writes about his childhood in Monterey in a classical book called Cannery Row. This is perhaps the most humorous of all which he has written, especially since it was written during the war when most people belie
Tupac Amaru Shakur On June 17, 1971 Tupac Amaru Shakur was born in East Harlem public hospital New York. His mother Afeni Shakur spent part of her pregnancy with Tupac in New York Women’s Correctional Facility due to the many charges brought against her and twenty other Black Panther members, one of which included a conspiracy to bomb many public buildings in New York (Powell 22). The case against her dragged on for twenty-five months. While on bail she courted “…two men-Legs, a straight up gang
Fifth Business Boy Staunton's repressed guilt brings about his demise in Davies' Fifth Business. Boy's guilt stems from various points in his life, including his failure as a husband to Leola and the snowball incident from his youth. His denial is so great, however, that he has edited much of it from his memory: I threw the snowball - at least you say so... the difference between us is that you've brooded over it, and I've forgotten it (263). But after Boy's memory returns, he is found dead by h
The Aborigines “Rust red sand underlies the heart of Australia, where the huge monoliths known as Olgas shoulder above spinifex and grevilea. This old and worn continent has a look like no other – celebrated […] by both the native born and brief sojourners to the land down under” (“Portraits” 159). This old continent also has also a spirit like no other, embodied by the people who inhabited it for so long that they have come to “identify spiritually with the land” (Terrill 200) – the Aborigines.
AIDS and Hatred Today adolescents of both sexes face a serious risk of HIV infection, which is the cause of AIDS. AIDS is a chronic and most often fatal disease. Despite growing understanding and awareness, HIV infection is a serious threat to both heterosexual and homosexual teens. When adolescents take certain risks, they are more likely to become infected with HIV and develop AIDS: These are the most important facts about AIDS: o AIDS is most often fatal o Anyone can get AIDS - many teens (bo
Albrecht Durer Self Portrait Humanities 2230 August 2,1999 Albrecht Durer Self Portrait Artist: Albrecht Durer Medium: oil on painting Size: 26 1/8 x 19 3/4 inches Date: 1500 Location: Alte Pinakothek, Minich Patron: none mentioned Durer Life and Greatest Work Albrecht Durer was the most famous artist of the Reformation Germany, he was well know for his paintings, drawings, prints, and theoretical writings, all of which had a profound influence on 16th century artists in his own country and in
Throughout the history of ancient Rome and Greece drama remained a reflection of the nature of their contemporary society. “The function of the poet is to imitate, through the media appropriate to the given art (drama), not particular historical events, characters, emotions, but the universal aspects of life impressed on his mind by observations of real life. It is closer to reality than the concrete situation, since the universal is truer than the particular.”–Aristotle. Aristotles poetics. Cha
Anthropology’s Symbiotic Relationship with Photography 9/25/1999 Anthropology 174 It is by no coincidence that the fields of photography and anthropology have evolved together. At the very least, photography and the visual representation of so-called “primitive” peoples have legitimized and mainstreamed the field of anthropology. Anthropologists have been called “merchants of the exotic,” a reputation well deserved based on the early period of ethnographic photography. In many cases anthropologi
“Gin Lane” History of Art 1B April 20, 2000 The series of engravings titled “Beer Street” and “Gin Lane” released by William Hogarth in 1751 serves to comment on the idleness and depravity of the lower class.[1] Hogarth suggests in the print “Gin Lane” that gin contributed to the ills of society because it was cheap and readily available. The drink of preference for productivity would be beer as depicted by Hogarth in the corresponding print “Beer Street.” Gin in “Gin Lane” promotes public drunk
Articles of Confederation 2-16-04 Mid-term Exam What makes a perfect union? Is it every person having an equal voice? What constitutes a free society? Is it just our basic civil rights? In this essay I will discuss politics in general, the Articles of Confederation, Shay’s Rebellion, the Constitutional Convention and the Great Compromise, amending the Constitution and the amendments, several important supreme court rulings, and the influence of polling. Yourdictionary.com describes politics as “
Biographical Preface English 12 4 April 1997 On July third of nineteen thirty seven, in Zlin, Czechoslovakia, a boy was born by the name of Tomas Straussler. Tomas was born onto Eugene Straussler and Martha Stoppard. Later in his life Tomas took his mother’s last name and shortened his first name to Tom. His father was a physician. When his father was killed by the Nazis the rest of the family fled to the far East. Tom went to school in Darjeeling, India. There his mother met a British officer w
Brief History of the English Language OLD ENGLISH UNTIL 1066. A BRIEF HISTORY OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE Old English (500-1100 AD) Old English Words The Angles came from an angle-shaped land area in contemporary Germany. Their name Angli from the Latin and commonly-spoken, pre-5th Century German mutated into the Old English Engle . Later, Engle changed to Angel-cyn meaning Angle-race by A.D. 1000, changing to Engla-land . Some Old English words which have survived intact include: feet, geese, teeth, me
Chaim Potok and the Problem of Assimilation for the American Jew America has been a country of immigrants since Europeans first settled it over five hundred years ago. America has always faced the problem of assimilation, a challenge faced by every country with a considerable immigrant population. Because immigrants founded America, her culture is a combination of the cultures of other countries. Should these immigrants isolate themselves from the mainstream American culture, or should they sacr
Vocabulario Español-Inglés – Vocabulary Spanish-English Spanish 5th Period Pre-Chapter: o la clase (de español) –Spanish class o el/la estudiante – student o el professor, la profesora – professor o el señor – Mr./sir o la señora – Mrs./ma’am o la señorita – Miss./ma’am o y – and o tú – you (casual) o usted – you (formal) o bien – well/good/fine o muy – very o no – no o sí- yes o adios – bye o así, así – so-so o buenas noches – good night o buenas tardes – good afternoon o buenos dias – good mor
1. Who was the Buddha? 1.1. Early Life of Luxury Siddharta Gautama, better known as the Buddha, was a prince of India who was born in Nepal and was heir to the thrown of the Sakya tribe of the Gautama clan. He was born, not for the first time, in 566BC. His first name means “goal reached and was commonly known as Gautama or Sakyamuni, the “wise man of the Sakya”. His father was told be a sage at Sakyamuni’s birth the “If he remains at home, the child will become a great King. If he leaves, he wi