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Socrates has thoroughly justified his own decision to obey the opinion
Socrates has thoroughly justified his own decision to obey the opinions of the majority and serve out the sentence that his own city has deemed appropriate for his crimes. At the beginning of this piece, Socrates has presented a period of questions and answers through dialogue with Crito. Throughout the dialogue Socrates is explaining his reasoning for not running from the government. Crito does not understand the madness of Socrates, Crito will do whatever it takes to help his friend to flee, i...

Conservatism
Conservatism CONSERVATISM... 2 Theorizing about Conservative Ideology.. 2 Development of Conservatism during 20th Century.. 3 Kinds of Conservatism.. 3 Conservatism in Turkey.. 4 Conservative Policies. 4 Conservatism is support the constrained governmental power 4 Conservatism feeds the democratic culture. 5 Conservatism support free market 5 The Relation between Conservatism and Liberalism.. 6 Conservative Democrats.. 6 Islam and Democracy, together?. 6 CONSERVATISM Theorizing about Conservativ...

Elaboration Likelihood Model
Elaboration Likelihood Model Comm 105 Written Assignment-1 The way people communicate is an important part of their social role, career and relationship. As humans, we communicate with and about ourselves as well as with and about others. Since it is so important to us, many researchers have come up with theories that help us to persuade people more effectively. Social Judgment Theory and Elaboration Likelihood Model are two of such theories that I will outline. Though these theories help us org...

The Nobel Prize for Economics
The Nobel Prize for Economics The Nobel Prize for Economics or more correctly, The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences is the world's most prestigious award for the people who contributions to the field of Economics. It is awarded in memory of Alfred Nobel by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences every year. The prize consists of a gold medal, a diploma bearing a citation, and a sum of money (US$1,000,000 in recent years). It represents the ultimate recognition by one's peers. The Economic...

Boxing Doctors-Round Two
Boxing, Doctors-Round Two Boxing often called the manly art of self-defense, which is a sport in which two competitors try to hit each other with their glove-encased fists while trying to avoid each others blows in a ring. It has been in existence and evolved from other forms of fighting for a long time. This game has become very popular in most of the countries because it is stimulating, so there are a lot of people like to watch it. However boxing is considered as a violent nature by some o...

Human Nature
Human Nature Eng. 101 Human nature is one of the most looked upon concepts in the world today. Everyone is trying to figure out what they believe, what others should believe, and what they can do to make others believe in the same ideas as them. Many philosophers have different points of view about the topic. Steven Pinker is one of these philosophers. He states his view point in many of his writings. These writings include The Blank Slate and How the Mind Works. Many people raise the question a...

Equus is great art because it forces us to re-examine the very fundame
Equus is great art because it forces us to re-examine the very fundamentals of our existence. Discuss. The title statement seems to assume that we accept Equus as great art, leaving us to discuss the reason for why it is considered so. I would agree with this assumption, Equus is great art in that it does force its audience to re-examine the fundamentals of our existence to some extent. Fighting against Shaffers other great works, Equus is still widely considered his crowning dramatic achiev...

Euthanasia 8209 Response to Anti Euthanasia Essay
Euthanasia Response to Anti Euthanasia Essay English 101 Final Paper Euthanasia is a topic that provokes as much controversy as capital punishment, primarily because it is irreversible. The question of euthanasia being right or wrong is one that most would prefer left alone. However, recent publicity on changes to existing laws has ignited considerable discussion and has forced open the door to a much wider audience. The issues related to direct euthanasia have raised many questions in my mind...

Out With the Old and In With What Really Works
Out With the Old and In With What Really Works 1 English 101 6 Nov 2002 Bilingual education has long been a controversial issue. In 1968, the intensity of the debate increased when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed Title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) into law and politicians started taking sides. Title VII was written to encourage schools to implement bilingual programs. In general, Democrats believe that it is the government and schools responsibility to help immigr...

Untitled
kh!w4 TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS GRADE EIGHT (SAMPLE)QUESTION BOOKLET PAPER ONE TIME LIMIT;95 MIN.= PART ` LISTENING COMPREHENSION ;40 min.= In Section A,B and C you will hear everything ONCE only.Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow.Mark the correct response for each question you hear. SECTION A TALK Questions 1 to 5 refer to the talk in this section.At the end of the talk you will be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following five questions. Now Listen to th...

Why Vocabulary is Important
Why Vocabulary is Important? 12/13/2004 English-6th For hundreds of years, English has been continuously changing. Words that were unacceptable 300 years ago are now commonplace. English has always had a trademark of being a comfortable language, the language of the common people. Change in the grammar and diction of a language is natural, and English is always confronted with changes. Among them are the use of slang, clipped word endings, and new dialects. Some Conservatives do not like changes...

Making Comedy of the court-system in The Wasps
Making Comedy of the court-system in The Wasps Old comedies are not derived from the traditional Greek mythological and legendary elements; rather they are the very fabrications of the comic poet himself typically involving the current social issues of the specific time. They are a mixture of good humor, audacious and malevolent satire, wit and freedom of political and social criticisms. They are also quite similar in structure, containing three main traditional elements: the ingredients, the ar...

Comparison of Molieres Mariane
Comparison of Molieres Mariane And Shakespeares Juliet English 121 M Response #1 January 23, 2004 Spare me, I beg you; and let me end the tale. (Mariane, Act IV, III). The connection between Molieres character of Mariane in his comedy Tartuffe and Shakespeares Juliet in his romantic tragedy Romeo and Juliet is an obvious one. They are both young girls, caught up in the grip of young love, and desperate for an escape from parental confinement. Even though the genres of each story are ve...

Animal Ethics
Animal Ethics Animal ethics is concerned with the status of animals, whereas environmental ethics concerns itself with the relationship to the environment. I will show the existence of animal ethics depends on the existence of environmental ethics. I will prove this by showing that such philosophers who have practiced animal ethics such as Singer, Regan, and Taylor are limited because they are individualistic. Which means they are limited to animal concerns, and nothing else. But with the enviro...

Expansionist policy at the end of the 19th Century
Expansionist policy at the end of the 19th Century By the end of the 19th Century, Americas expansionist policy and a dynamic economy had delivered the eagle to the status of world power. The Splendid Little War[1] of 1898 eloquently vindicated an expansionist policy, and provided a solution to the economic problems which had faced America since 1893. Although expansionism had been omnipotent before the war, the nature of the victory and the strategic reality that it confounded, authorised ...

CIVIL RIGHTS
CIVIL RIGHTS Describe the ways in which discrimination against black people in the USA society was reduced in the years 1945-1955. After fight for freedom, peace and equality in the Second World War, black people thought it was time for them to have the same in their own country. It was only fair that they get their freedom and equality when they were risked their in the war. Brown verses Board case also gave reasons to reduce discrimination. President Truman made some official and legal changes...

Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan Current Political Economic Situation Political situation Uzbekistan, the most populated republic in Central Asia with almost 25 million in-habitants, became independent, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, on 31 August 1991. Its constitution, adopted in 1992, is rather liberal in its statement. It introduces a Presidential system with a Parliament (Oly Majlis/Supreme Council) elected by universal suffrage, enabling several parties to present candidates. Mr Islam Karimov, former he...

EXPLAINING HITLERS ELECTORAL SUCCESS AS History Unit 1 Seeds of Evil
EXPLAINING HITLERS ELECTORAL SUCCESS AS History: Unit 1 Seeds of Evil Consider the status of the following statements. Are they accurate or inaccurate? Where inaccurate, give reasons and evidence on which you base your decision. Sometimes a statement may be accurate but of only limited value. For example, it may over-simplify matters or conceal as much as it reveals. Where this is the case, explain how you would qualify or amend the statement. o The rising tide of electoral support for the Na...

How can different representations of the past be explained
How can different representations of the past be explained? Different representations of the past can be explained a numerous amount of times due to what people witness, hear, and learn. The events on 21st-22nd of January, 1905, led Russia to revolutionize its whole country; from modern technology, to economic factors bearing in work for all (as most of Russia was working class, around 83 percent in total) and education, for all to learn about the world and Russia itself not under any rule of...

Slavery and Politics
Slavery and Politics The moral truth of slavery as an unspeakable crime against humanity, I feel, is the most evident of any decree ever to be laid out by man. This fundamental law is so divine and pure that to believe otherwise is to cast oneself into the ranks of a subhuman race unfit to tread the Earths soil. When I read James De Bows Slavery and the Bible, not only am I frustrated as to how these Southern gentlemen can use a three thousand year old book, a book whose writers merely try...

Spain 1263
Spain 1263 The Jews furnish our viziers, chancellors and most of our officers of our army and we simply cannot do it without them. This was answered by Alfonso VI in response to Pope Gregory VIIs complaints about rising Jewish prominence in Spain (Sachar, 1994). By the middle of the eighth century, the eastern half of the Byzantine Empire, Persia, North Africa, and the southern Iberian Peninsula, were ruled by the Moslem caliphs. Because of their love for science and the spread of knowledge,...

Assess the factors contributing to Stalins success in assuming power i
Assess the factors contributing to Stalins success in assuming power in the Soviet Union in the period 1918 1928. By 1918 Russia was a country going through a transition from the old ways of oppression and backward technology to the new ways of industrialisation and life under the Bolsheviks. After generations of hardship under Tsarist regime, the people had much to expect from the new management. Peasants rallied for reforms in land distribution, city workers for human rights and food, and t...

Euthanasia
Euthanasia The applied ethical issue of euthanasia, or mercy killing, concerns whether it is morally permissible for a third party, such as a physician, to end the life of a terminally ill patient who is in intense pain. The euthanasia controversy is part of a larger issue concerning the right to die. Staunch defenders of personal liberty argue that all of us are morally entitled to end our lives when we see fit. Thus, according to these people, suicide is in principle morally permissible. For h...

Posing a Question
Posing a Question ENGL 1010 Should people be able to download music for free through peer to peer networking programs? This is a question that has been growing larger lately to the point of legal action. This is seen through the record labels taking action against users of programs like Kazaa, Morpheus, and most notoriously, Napster. In the last few years the number of users of the listed programs, along with many others like them, has increased exponentially in spite of the lawsuits that the re...

The Death Penalty in the United States
The Death Penalty in the United States The death penalty is a controversial topic in the United States today and has been for a number of years. The death penalty is currently legal in 38 states and two federal jurisdictions (Winters 97). The death penalty statutes were overturned and then reinstated in the United States during the 1970's due to questions concerning its fairness (Flanders 50). The death penalty began to be reinstated slowly, but the rate of executions has increased during the 19...

Gender Trouble Feminism and The Subversion of Identity
Gender Trouble: Feminism and The Subversion of Identity A Review/Commentary of GenderTrouble: Feminism and The Subversion of Identity, By Judith Butler Gender, Homosexuality and Ethics Feb. 9/00 Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990. Judith Butler exhibits the new wave of Anglo-American academic feminism, a feminism that goes beyond the delusional categories of male and female, and wishes to confuse or trouble these categories all to...

Constitutionalism
Constitutionalism 1. Constitutionalism: a Minimal and a Rich Sense In some minimal sense of the term, a constitution consists of a set of rules or norms creating, structuring and defining the limits of, government power or authority. Understood in this way, all states have constitutions and all states are constitutional states. Anything recognisable as a state must have some acknowledged means of constituting and specifying the limits (or lack thereof) placed upon the three basic forms of govern...

Criminal Trials
Criminal Trials One of the most vaguely understood events in the United States is the modern criminal trial. Most people have a faint knowledge of the goings-on of criminal proceedings, mainly due to what is seen on television, but the person who knows the real course of a trial is rare. However, there is nothing mysterious about the events that determine criminal guilt. Trials are carefully orchestrated, following procedures that have been laid in legal concrete over the years, and generally fo...

Evaluate the subcultural theories of crime
Evaluate the subcultural theories of crime. Subcultural theories of crime and deviance explain deviance in terms of the subculture of a social group. The theories argue that particular groups develop and maintain norms and values that differ from those held by the majority of modern day western society. Robert Merton argues that deviance results not only from 'pathological personalities' but also from the culture and structure of society itself. Merton begins his contention from the standard fun...

Feminist Revolution
Feminist Revolution In the latter half of this century while the New Right has managed to remain unified, organized and focused the Lefts major weakness has been that it has been anything but; in fact it is difficult to ascertain whether the Left hold any shared tenets. There seems to be the vague understanding that left-wing politics are associated with being pro-woman, pro-labor and anti-racist; however even these extremely general sentiments are often confused and mistakenly conflicted.1 Fem...

Henry VIII and Wolsey The Relationship
Henry VIII and Wolsey: The Relationship A clear understanding of Henry VIII's relationship with Wolsey is fundamental to any analysis of Tudor politics and policy-making. A consensus is emerging. Henry VIII, it is generally agreed, was less consistently the author of his own policy than Edward IV or Henry VII, but it is wrong to cast him either as an 'absentee landlord', who delegated the affairs of state to others, or as a 'mental defective', who needed his ministers to manage him. Henry VIII, ...

Relying On Our Government
Relying On Our Government In this essay I will be talking about the constitution and the amendments. Throughout American history, constitution served as a key to Americas success in politics and economics. There have been some changes in constitution, and sometimes it has been used improperly. Many believe that constitution is not as powerful these days as it was before. I must say that U.S. constitution is the greatest compared to all other nations in the world, and Americas future depends o...

Kazaa and Copyright
Kazaa and Copyright English 111 16 December 2003 There are a lot of arguments going on about the way music sharing companies run and how they can let people share and pass out artists songs for free. Kazaa is file-sharing software that hooks up to a network where people can copy songs without paying for them (CNEWS.com). Some people make compact discs of them and play them time and time again for no cost. Record companies and songs artists are trying to get Kazaa and even the users in trouble...

Mental Illness
Mental Illness . . . Justice systems are built on the notion of free will and thus require an examination of the state of mind of the accused. . . . - M. E. Rice, et. al It is often argued that a persons presence in a correctional facility, in itself, points to a level of social maladaption as to constitute a possible mental disorder. One study found that only 5% of penitentiary inmates did not have some sort of mental disorder. This study counted . . . psychosis, a problem of substance abus...

Jewish Spying Agency
Jewish Spying Agency The Events leading up to the arrest of Jesus of Nazareth. Dear Mr. Gray, We spies have been very busy collecting information about Jesus, his disciples and the crowds in Jerusalem. We have reason to believe that the disciples have been trying to persuade Jesus of Nazareth (who we believe may be likely to possess the knowledge, the following and therefore the power to overthrow the Roman rule) to enable himself to become a military leader and lead the Jews into war against th...

The Four Fundamental Freedoms of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms of
The Four Fundamental Freedoms of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms of Canada Ignorance, pride, hatred and a disregard for the wellbeing of others in society. These are the seeds allowing the roots of activities promoting racial discrimination to sprout. Out of that, comes the growth of a fearful social epidemic, in which uneducated persons put their destructive thoughts and viewpoints into action. These criminal activities have been dubbed Hate Crimes and have plagues society as far back as o...

The Ontology of Gay and Queer
The Ontology of Gay and Queer Homosexuality: History, Politics, Ethics April /2001 Table of Contents Introduction.. p. 2-4 Definitions and Genealogy of Homosexuality p. 5- Genealogy of Ontology. p. Coming Out of the Closet: Conversion and Inaugeration or Integration.. p. Genetic Ontology, Social Artifice and Orientations... p. Conclusion: The Sexual Tower of Babel and Politics of Ontology. p. -Introduction- In recent years, the gay commu...

The Way We Never Were
The Way We Never Were Mass Media The Way We Never Were American Families and the Nostalgia Trap If one believes what one sees on television re-runs of classic shows from the 1950s, then the traditional American family has two kids, a stay at home mom, who vacuums in pearls, and a Dad who works hard but always has time for his children. The problem with the image presented in those old television shows is that the traditional family depicted is a myth. Unfortunately, too many people frustrated wi...

Was Abigail Williams a Victim or Villain
Was Abigail Williams a Victim or Villain? The Crucible, by Arthur Miller is a play based on the true happenings of 16 Century Salem, (Miller refers to this time as . . . the spring of the year 1692 ) a small puritan town in Massachusetts USA, also it is based on his own personal experiences involving Senator McCarthys Communist hunt, which many people believed also involved a hunt for the US Governments Witches (In this case Communists) these were seen as an imaginary threat, which certain pe...

No More Smoking in Films
No More Smoking in Films April 28, 2004 Issue Essay What kind of impact do movies have on us? Films can make us laugh, and make us cry, but do they also influence us to engage in the same kind of behavior as our onscreen heroes? We've heard arguments for and against the cause-and-effect relationship of onscreen sex and violence, but what about onscreen smoking? The first recorded opposition to cigarettes was in 1892. Cigarettes were labeled by the Senate Committee on Epidemic Diseases to be an a...

Augustine on Time
Augustine on Time Book XI of the confessions deals with the nature of time. St. Augustine begins his inquiry of time by questioning its connection to God. Augustine seeks to answer the question: If God is eternal, how can he live exist in a time bound universe? Augustine solved this problem by stating that God does not exist in time. He argues that God created time when he created the world, and that only humans can conceive of time. Thus, according to Augustine, God lives in a different world w...

Descartes
Descartes Descartes is famed by is familiar notion, I think therefore I am (Cogito, ergo sum.). It is a conclusion he has reached in his second meditation after much deliberation on the existence of anything certain. After he discovers his ability to doubt and to understand , he is able to substantiate his necessary existence as a consequence. What we doubt or understand may not ultimately correspond, but we can never be uncertain that we are in the process of thought. This idea is a major compo...

Descartes Method of Doubt and Proof of Self-existence
Descartes Method of Doubt and Proof of Self-existence In his Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes looks back on his life and realizes that a great number of his opinions have been false. Subsequently, the knowledge he has built up over his life must also be markedly false, seeing as it is based upon such incorrect opinions. He resolves to restart his quest for knowledge from the bottom, building a philosophy to be the foundation upon which all further intellectual ...

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding Philosophy 103D Hume argues that it is beyond human understanding to know the causes of events, even the everyday ones that ordinary people think they know. There are indeed many things of crucial importance that are beyond our thought patterns. What we believe to be genuine information, actually rests upon our belief in matters of fact. Such beliefs can reach beyond the content of present senseimpressions and memory, Hume held, only by appealing to pre...

Second Year Philosophy Essay on Nietzsche the Death of God
Second Year Philosophy Essay: on Nietzsche the Death of God There are various issues involved here. You need to recall that, for N, the term God has extremely wide connotations: it stands for all metaphysics, Platonic Forms, timeless truths, essences, etc. N. is rejecting the very notion of anything transcendent whether this be theological or philosophical. There is nothing beyond. Instead of Truth, there is only my truth, my interpretation. (Theres a very obvious problem with th...

Nietzsche vs Descartes
Nietzsche vs Descartes Descartes explains the apparent distinction and significance of the human mind over the body in his Meditations on First Philosophy, claiming that the mind (the conscious) is the lone essential part of the human essence. Nietzsche expresses his beliefs that the body (the unconscious) is key to the human essence. One may find it difficult to decide between these two ideas, for both philosophers pose good arguments on the contradicting sides of this famous dilemma. However, ...

Plato's Theory of Political Philosophy An Argument
Plato's Theory of Political Philosophy; An Argument C. 428 B.C.E was the birth time of Plato into an Athenian aristocratic family (Dave Judy, 1998, 21). His father was Ariston who was believed to have connection to one of the early kings of Athens. His mother was Perictione, who related to 6th - century B.C reformer of the Athenian constitution, Solon. His father died when he was a child, and Plato eventually became Socrates' disciple. Plato's works consisted of a set of 41 so-called dialogues p...

Plato's Philosophy of Sex
Plato's Philosophy of Sex Plato was the first feminist. Only, he was concerned not with women's rights, as modern feminists are, but with their usefulness. Like a modern planner, he felt it was a waste of woman-power to seclude women in their homes, when they could be performing useful tasks in the factory or the office. Women should be used, just as men were, for the benefit of the community. There were no fundamental differences between the sexes which unfitted women from useful toil. Admitted...

Should the fundamental question in epistemology be How can I know On
Should the fundamental question in epistemology be How can I know ? On the other hand, should it rather be What can I know ? INTRODUCTION: In this essay, I will look at both these questions as they both seem to play a major role in the study of knowledge. I will cover two of the main elements that correspond to these questions of attaining knowledge, Empiricism, and rationalism. In order to show examples of both these views; I will use the philosophical thinking of Rene Decartes, a rationalist w...

The Virtuous Do Not Fear Death
The Virtuous Do Not Fear Death: Why Socrates Was Calm In the Face of Execution Ancient Philosophy 300 1,633 Words Socrates is the philosopher against whom all others are compared, he pioneered philosophical methods, such as elenchus, that are still used today, and his messages are still taught over 2,000 years later. Yet his fellow citizens of Athens felt that his actions were so radical that they threatened Athenian society. Socrates defended his life but in the end he accepted the ruling of th...