Search Results for representative vs direct democracy

Early colonies
Early colonies
Early colonies Early colonies There were various reasons why the American Colonies were established. The three most important themes of English colonisation of America were religion, economics, and government. The most important reasons for colonisation were to seek refuge, religious freedom, and economic opportunity. To a lesser degree, the colonists sought to establish a stable and progressive government. Many colonies were founded for religious purposes. While religion was involved with all o
james madison
james madison
james madison James Madison begins his famous federalist paper by explaining that the purpose of this essay is to help the readers understand how the structure of the proposed government makes liberty possible. Each branch should be, for the most part, in Madison's opinion, independent. To assure such independence, no one branch should have too much power in selecting members of the other two branches. If this principle were strictly followed, it would mean that the citizens should select the pr
The Goals and Failures of the First and Second Rec
The Goals and Failures of the First and Second Rec
The Goals and Failures of the First and Second Reconstructions The Goals and Failures of the First and Second Reconstructions Some people say we\'ve got a lot of malice some say its a lot of nerve. But, I say we won\'t quit moving until we get what we deserve. We have been bucked and we have been conned. We have been treated bad, talked about as just bones. But just as it takes two eyes to eyes make a pair. Brother we won\'t quit until we get our share. Say it loud- I\'m Black and I\'m Proud. Ja
Social Movements
Social Movements
Social Movements Social movements require a fairly complex and multi-dimensional paradigm in order to adequately explain the multiplicity of factors that contribute to their development and sustenance. Like both McAdam and Costain, I believe that the political process model is a much more appropriate theory for social movements than either the classical model (with its emphasis on psychology) or the resource mobilization model (with its ultra-capitalistic approach to all socio-political interact
Events leading to the french r
Events leading to the french r
Events leading to the french r Events Leading to the French Revolution The major cause of the French Revolution was the disputes between the different types of social classes in French society. The French Revolution of1789-1799 was one of the most important events in the history of the world. The Revolution led to many changes in France, which at the time of the Revolution, was the most powerful state in Europe. The Revolution led tothe development of new political forces such as democracy and n
Kosovo: Was An Intervention Needed?
Kosovo: Was An Intervention Needed?
Kosovo: Was An Intervention Needed? Was an Intervention Needed? If you asked somebody about Kosova three years ago, they would hardly even know where it is. They would maybe respond with an attitude that Kosova should be somewhere in Asia or Africa. Today, however, people in all continents have at least some information about the conflict. The year 1999 brought Kosova conflict to the television screens all over the world. Daily images of fleeing refugees or the ones of the NATO air raids could b
France
France
France Introduction France, which is the largest nation in Western Europe, is a presidential republic. France is a very important nation in Europe and it continues to be involved in contemporary policy issues. Helping the world as one of the great trading nations, France is a very important trading partner with the United States. Not only is France important to the United States, they are also important to countries all over the world. Their abundance of both mineral and agricultural resources m
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy Complete and true democracy is almost impossible to achieve, and has been the primary goal of many nations, beginning from ancient civilizations of Greece and Roman Empire, all the way to the government of the United States today. There are a few essential characteristics which must be present in a political system for it to be even considered democratic. One essential characteristic of a legitimate democracy is that it allows people to freely make choices without government interventi
The Civil War
The Civil War
The Civil War The Civil War During both the civil war and civil war reconstruction time periods, there were many changes going on in the Union. The Emancipation Proclamation, as well as legislation such as the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments, was causing a new awakening of democracy; while the renouncing of secession by the South marked a definite triumph for Nationalism. As well, the government was involved in altercations of its own. During reconstruction, the legislative and e
The First and Second Reconstructions held out the
The First and Second Reconstructions held out the
The First and Second Reconstructions held out the great promise of rectifying racial injustices in America. The First Reconstruction, emerging out of the chaos of the Civil War had as its goals equality for Blacks in voting, politics, and use of public facilities. The Second Reconstruction emerging out of the booming economy of the 1950\'s, had as its goals, integration, the end of Jim Crow and the more amorphous goal of making America a biracial democracy where, "the sons of former slaves and t
Globallization
Globallization
Globallization The idea of globalization is a greatly misconstrued, detrimental policy to those countries and people outside of the North American sphere of life. Corporations are globalizing not only to reduce production costs, but also to expand markets, evade taxes, acquire knowledge and resources, and protect themselves against currency fluctuations and other risks (Brecher and Costello 18). Three hundred companies own an estimated one-quarter of the production assets of the world and the ri
General Synopsis Of Philosophy
General Synopsis Of Philosophy
General Synopsis Of Philosophy Machiavelli: Principality and Republic Among the most widely-read of the Renaissance thinkers was Niccolo Machiavelli, a Florentine politician who retired from public service to write at length on the skill required for successfully running the state. Impatient with abstract reflections on the way things ought to be, Machiavelli focussed on the way things are, illustrating his own intensely practical convictions with frequent examples from the historical record. Al
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution French Revolution Revolutions evolve in definite phases. At first they are moderate in scope, then they become radical to excess and finally they are brought to abrupt conclusions by the emergence of a strong man to restore order. Discuss this statement with specific references to the French Revolution. The French Revolution brought about great changes in the society and government of France. The revolution, which lasted from 1789 to 1799, also had far-reaching effects on the r
Privatization In Russia
Privatization In Russia
Word Count: 2263 For some, the privatization of Russian industry has been one of the great success stories of Russia’s painful economic transition: quick, firm and radical action was taken to shift the great bulk of Russian industry out of state hands, thereby laying the basis for a radical restructuring of enterprises and improvements in their performance. Others see privatization as a best a failure, at worst a catastrophe. Not surprisingly those opposed to the market and economic reform as a
The role of the German banks and part they take in
The role of the German banks and part they take in
The role of the German banks and part they take in german companies, have been discussed and have served for quite a few controversial arguments. Originally during the 1980's Economists originally stated that it was good to have representatives in the individual companies, and having power within the company making decisions. Now in the 1990's their perception appears to have turned. What was at first seen as safety and conservativeness, is now called stiff, inflexible and short of creativity. T
Chris Walters Eng111
Chris Walters Eng111
Chris Walters Eng111 Mr. Maginnes 29March99 Censorship: Parents vs. The Government Since the nation's founding, freedom of speech has been an important part of American Democracy. Democracy is based on the idea that only when people are free to express their views openly can they govern themselves effectively.(Bender & Leone 13) When citizens can peacefully assemble and speak their mind, they are less likely to revolt and get violent. Which is why both the freedom of speech, and the freedom from
Of Mice and Men
Of Mice and Men
Of Mice and Men More a Mouse Than a Man "If an author does not have at least one great popular success, he or she may well be ignored by the media, but if he or she is constantly popular, then the critics become suspicious of the writer's serious intentions" (Benson Introduction). What do critics from the literary world have to say about Steinbeck's writings? Critics have much to say, both positive and negative. What link exists between Steinbeck and his writings? Perhaps the most noteworthy bio
Women's Rights Movement 1848-1998
Women's Rights Movement 1848-1998
Women's Rights Movement 1848-1998 "Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it's the only thing that ever has." That was Margaret Mead's conclusion after a lifetime of observing very diverse cultures around the world. Her insight has been borne out time and again throughout the development of this country of ours. Being allowed to live life in an atmosphere of religious freedom, having a voice in the government you support with your taxes, li
Robert Frost
Robert Frost
Robert Frost Robert Frost is the most well known American poet who draws on nature as a subject for his poems. Nearly all of his poetry can be related to the outdoors and a free feeling that Frost seems to cherish. This also was reflected in his life as he lived around nature for the majority of his life. It is not hard to see through his poems how deeply moved he is by the Earth and the miracle of life. He did suffer through an array of hardships during his life, but still kept an appreciation
The Supreme Court And Government By The People
The Supreme Court And Government By The People
The Supreme Court And Government By The People Jason I. Explain the distinction between substance and process and the importance of the distinction for the issues discussed in this course. “Over the past few years…the court…holding that henceforth, before it can be determined that you Are entitled to “due process” at all, and thus necessarily before it can be decided what process is “ due,” you must show that what you have been deprived of amounts to a “liberty interest” or perhaps a “property i
Book Review on Public Administ
Book Review on Public Administ
Book Review on Public Administ H. George Frederickson�s �The Spirit of Public Administration� is an informative yet drab look at motivating public administrators. Frederickson discusses a wide variety of topics that would be useful to any public administrator, but the verbiage used is a bit difficult for an individual that may be entering into the service field �The Spirit of Public Administration is broken down into three parts. These parts are: Part I: Governance, Politics, and the Pub
The French Revolution
The French Revolution
The French Revolution The French Revolution was an unstable, blood-filled time. With 20,000 sent to the guillotine and an equal number to prison, it is not hard to find importance but rather to find meaning. The most crucial thing to look for in the revolution is justification, reasons that excuse or bring significance to the deaths of many. John Locke, a philosophe of the time, may have argued that a leader who does not provide his people with inalienable rights is grounds for dismissal in the
Censorship and the Internet
Censorship and the Internet
Censorship and the Internet by Josh Klein For centuries governments have tried to regulate materials deemed inappropriate or offensive. The history of western censorship was said to have begun when Socrates was accused "firstly, of denying the gods recognized by the State and introducing new divinities, and secondly of corrupting the young."(fileroom.aaup.uic.edu) He was sentenced to death for these crimes. Many modern governments are attempting to control access to the Internet. They are passin
The Rise of the Manchus
The Rise of the Manchus
The Rise of the Manchus The Rise of the Manchus Although the Manchus were not Han Chinese and were strongly resisted, especially in the south, they had assimilated a great deal of Chinese culture before conquering China Proper. Realizing that to dominate the empire they would have to do things the Chinese way, the Manchus retained many institutions of Ming and earlier Chinese derivation. They continued the Confucian court practices and temple rituals, over which the emperors had traditionally p
Rights of Egyptian Women
Rights of Egyptian Women
Rights of Egyptian Women Rights of Egyptian Women Throughout written history, women have experienced status subservient to the men they lived with. Generally, most cultures known to modern historians followed a standard pattern of males assigned the role of protector and provider while women were assigned roles of domestic servitude. Scholars speculate endlessly at the cause: biology, religion, social custom. Nevertheless, the women were always subordinated to the men in their culture. Through
Mexican Economy
Mexican Economy
Mexican Economy I. Historical, Population, Culture, Political, and Economic Information History Mexico was the site of some of the earliest and most advanced civilizations in the western hemisphere. The Mayan culture, according to archaeological research, attained its greatest development about the 6th century AD. Another group, the Toltec, established an empire in the Valley of Mexico and developed a great civilization still evidenced by the ruins of magnificent buildings and monuments. The lea
History of the Dominican Republic
History of the Dominican Republic
History of the Dominican Republic Paintings by John Lewis, a locally well known Dominican painter whom Hispaniola.com commissiond to draw snapshots of the Dominican history. For at least 5,000 years before Christopher Columbus discovered America for the Europeans, the island which he called Hispaniola was inhabited by Amer-Indians. Anthropologists have traced 2 major waves of immigration, one from the West in Central America (probably Yucatan) and the second from the South, descendant of the Ara
League of Nations
League of Nations
League of Nations The League of Nations was an international organization created after the First World War. The Covenant establishing the League was part of the Treaty of Versailles. The aims of the League were to promote international co-operation and to achieve international peace and security. The League of Nations was an association of states which had pledged themselves, through signing the Covenant not to go to war before submitting their disputes with each other, or states not members of
John Tyler
John Tyler
john Tyler John Tyler was born in Charles City county, Va., on March 29, 1790. A member of the tobacco-planting aristocracy of Tidewater Virginia, he was the son of John Tyler, governor of Virginia from 1808 to 1811, and Mary Armistead. Bent on a political career, he attended the College of William and Mary, graduating in 1807. He then studied law and in 1809 was admitted to the bar. Two years later, at the age of 21, he was elected to the Virginia legislature. Then began a career in state and n
Is the Unites States Political System a Legitimate
Is the Unites States Political System a Legitimate
Is the Unites States Political System a Legitimate Democracy In any system which claims to be democratic, a question of its legitimacy remains. A truly democratic political system has certain characteristics which prove its legitimacy with their existence. One essential characteristic of a legitimate democracy is that it allows people to freely make choices without government intervention. Another necessary characteristic which legitimates government is that every vote must count equally: one vo
Seneca Falls
Seneca Falls
Seneca Falls Title: The road from SENECA FALLS. (cover story) Source: New Republic, 08/10/98, Vol. 219 Issue 6, p26, 12p, 3bw Author(s): Stansell, Christine Abstract: Reviews several books related to women\'s suffrage and feminism. ‘The Selected Papers of Elizabeth Cady STANTON and Susan B. Anthony, Volume One: In the School of Anti-Slavery, 1840-1866,\' edited by Ann D. Gordon; ‘Harriet STANTON Blatch and the Winning of Woman Suffrage,\' by Ellen Carol DuBois; ‘Woman Suffrage and the Orig
Revolutions evolve in definite phases. At first t
Revolutions evolve in definite phases. At first t
"Revolutions evolve in definite phases. At first they are moderate in scope, then they become radical to excess and finally they are brought to abrupt conclusions by the emergence of a strong man to restore order." Discuss this statement with specific references to the French Revolution. The French Revolution brought about great changes in the society and government of France. The revolution, which lasted from 1789 to 1799, also had far-reaching effects on the rest of Europe. "It introduced demo
How politically liberating is rap music?
How politically liberating is rap music?
How politically liberating is rap music? NWA was a gangsta rap crew who told stories of the ‘hustler’ lifestyle where “life ain’t nothin’ but bitches and money.” As such, they relied heavily on being as offensive as possible. The cover of their 1988 album, Straight Outta Compton, features a power-emphasising low-angle shot of the band members looking down into the camera, which places the audience in the position of the defeated enemy. A gun is pointing straight at us. Each man is wearing ‘stree
In Federalist number nine five principles that are
In Federalist number nine five principles that are
In Federalist number nine five principles that are conducive to good government are discussed. The first is the regular distribution of power into distinct departments (Lawler 16). The federalists felt that the distribution of powers was important so that one department of government did not become more powerful than the other groups. They didn’t want a government that was ruled by one person or even one group of people. The first aspect in creating a democratic government was to insure that the
The Struggle Towards a Democratic Nation
The Struggle Towards a Democratic Nation
The Struggle Towards a Democratic Nation The Struggle Towards a Democratic Nation Imperialism of one sort or another has been occurring for centuries around the world. In the U.S. a specific form of imperialism is in full effect but is less noticeable than the normative physical imperialism. Linguistic imperialism occurs when a dominant group imposes their language on another, and within the United States this imperialism has been occurring through English. English is the language set up by the
Portrait Of A Companies Success
Portrait Of A Companies Success
Portrait Of A Companies Success Portrait of a Company’s Success by Introduction One can hardly find a party without them, the Kelly products: Popcorn, chips, peanuts have been keeping the American Party flair going for more than 40 years. Kelly’s is a brilliant Viennese company with a long traditional success story. The crunch-munch story began in Vienna during the post wartime, 1955. The US major Howard M. Kelly tried to find a way to stay in beautiful Vienna – he met Herbert Rast. In 1955 nobo
General Will and Rousseaus Social Contract
General Will and Rousseaus Social Contract
General Will and Rousseaus Social Contract General Will and Rousseau\'s Social Contract When Jean Jacques Rousseau wrote the Social Contract, the concepts of liberty and freedom were not new ideas. Many political theorists such as Thomas Hobbes and John Locke had already developed their own interpretations of liberty, and in fact Locke had already published his views on the social contract. What Rousseau did was to revolutionize the concepts encompassed by such weighty words, and introduce us to
The United Nations An Achievement of Modern Times
The United Nations An Achievement of Modern Times
The United Nations An Achievement of Modern Times The United Nations, with its rigid moral and political limitations against force, has become a benchmark of peace and a social achievement of modern times. From war torn Europe, the United Nations developed from five major powers with an initial goal to prevent the spread of warfare through peaceful means and to establish and maintain fundamental human rights. Through the past fifty years, this organization has broadened its horizons with auxilia
Communism vs Democracy
Communism vs Democracy
Communism vs Democracy Communism, a concept or system of society in which the major resources and means of production are owned by the community rather than by individuals. In theory, such societies provide for equal sharing of all work, according to ability, and all benefits, according to need. Some conceptions of communist societies assume that, ultimately, coercive government would be unnecessary and therefore that such a society would be without rulers. Until the ultimate stages are reached,
Ireland 2
Ireland 2
Ireland 2 CULTURE LANGUAGE Official Language: Gaeilge Common Phrases: Yes = sea No = ní hea Thank you = Go raibh maith agat Thank you very much = Go raibh míle maith agat You\'re welcome = Tá fáilte romhat Please = Más é do thoil é, Le do thoil. Excuse me = Gaibh mo phardún Hello = Dia dhuit Goodbye = Slán agat/slán leat I do not understand = Ní thuigim Do you speak ... = an labharann tú.... What is your name? = Cad is ainm duit? Nice to meet you. = Tá áthas orm bualadh leat. How are you? = Cona
Madison Vs. Marshall
Madison Vs. Marshall
Madison Vs. Marshall Upon the Declaration of Independence, a plan of confederation was offered to be prepared for the colonies. This plan, known as The Articles of Confederation, established a league of friendship among the states rather than a national government. The most significant fact about the created government was its weakness, it could not enforce even the limited powers it had. In James Madisons words, in his Federalist Paper #10 complaints are everywhere heard&that our governm
Catherine the Great
Catherine the Great
Catherine the Great Throughout history, Russia has been viewed as a regressive cluster of barely civilized people on the verge of barbarism. In the eighteenth century, ideas of science and secularism grasped hold of Europe, and Russian Czars, realizing how behind Muscovite culture was, sought out this knowledge, attempting to imbed it into Russian society. Catherine II was one of these Czars. She listened to both the ideas of the philosophes and the problems of her people and strove to enlighten
Vietnam4
Vietnam4
Vietnam4 The Vietnam War is one of the most disgraceful periods in American history. Not only did the greatest superpower in the world get bested by an almost third-world nation, but we lost badly. Perhaps this war could have been won, or even prevented in the first place. The United States could have and should have won this war, with a combination of better weapons usage, better tactics, and better support from their home country. Even years before the war, Vietnam was a hotly disputed territo
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy Democracy Complete and true democracy is almost impossible to achieve, and has been the primary goal of many nations, beginning from ancient civilizations of Greece and Roman Empire, all the way to the government of the United States today. There are a few essential characteristics which must be present in a political system for it to be even considered democratic. One essential characteristic of a legitimate democracy is that it allows people to freely make choices without government
Constitutionalism
Constitutionalism
Constitutionalism The seventeenth century, which witnessed the development of absolute monarchy, also saw the appearance of the constitutional state. While France solved the question of sovereignty with the absolutist state, England evolved toward the constitutional state. If we could assign a very simple definition of the term of the term constitutionalism, it would be the limitation of government by law. Constitutionalism implies a very delicate balance between the authority and power of gover
Mexican Economy
Mexican Economy
Mexican Economy Mexico was the site of some of the earliest and most advanced civilizations in the western hemisphere. The Mayan culture, according to archaeological research, attained its greatest development about the 6th century AD. Another group, the Toltec, established an empire in the Valley of Mexico and developed a great civilization still evidenced by the ruins of magnificent buildings and monuments. The leading tribe, the Aztec, built great cities and developed an intricate social, pol
Machiavelli5
Machiavelli5
Machiavelli5 And as I speak here of mixed bodies, such as republics or religious sects, I say that those changes are beneficial that bring them back to their original principles. And those are the best-constituted bodies, and have the longest existence, which possess the intrinsic means of frequently renewing themselves, or such as obtain this renovation in consequence of some extrinsic accidents. And it is a truth clearer than light that, without such renovation, these bodies cannot continue to
The Electoral College Then Now and Tomorrow
The Electoral College Then Now and Tomorrow
The Electoral College Then Now and Tomorrow The Electoral College system has been in place for over 200 years and Americans are still not sure how it works or if it is the best system. Many Americans feel they go to the polls every year and vote for the president, and in the long run they are in control of the fate of our executive branch. With the 1992 election it was clear that many people had little understanding for how a president is chosen; the 1992 election came close to having no majorit
NATO
NATO
NATO Fifty years ago on April 4, 1949, twelve countries signed the Treaty of Washington and formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. There were a total of sixteen countries that signed this treaty. Those countries were the following: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom and the United States. These various groups of countries came together and formed the NATO Alliance. They wanted to help the world maintain peace
Bill 160
Bill 160
Bill 160 The Honourable David Johnson introduced Bill 160, the Education Quality Improvement Act during the first Session of the 36th Parliament of the Province of Ontario. Bill 160 was originally written as "an act to reform the education system, protect classroom funding, and enhance accountability and make other improvements consistent with the Government\'s education quality agenda, including improving student achievement and regulated class size". The negative effects of Bill 160 were displ