Search Results for quantum mechanics

The laser beam
The laser beam
the laser beam Laser stands for Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Lasers work by producing an intense beam of bright light that travels in one direction. The laser has the unique ability to produce one specific color or wavelength of light, which can be varied in its intensity and pulse duration. The newest laser systems have become remarkably precise and selective, allowing treatment results and safety levels not previously available. All lasers contain an energized s
Quantum mechanics
Quantum mechanics
quantum mechanics Quantum Mechanics is the science of subatomic particles and their behavior patterns that are observed in nature. As the foundation of scientific knowledge approached the start of the twentieth century, problems began to arise over the fact that classic physical ideas were not capable of explaining the observed behavior of subatomic particles. In 1913, the Danish physicist Neils Bohr, proposed a successful quantum model of the atom that began the process of a more defined unders
Descartes Man vs Animal
Descartes Man vs Animal
Descartes Man vs Animal Movies and novels such as "Planet of the Apes" and 2001: A Space Odyssey are called Science Fiction because they portray situations that seem extremely unrealistic concurrent with contemporary philosophy. "Planet of the Apes" depicts a world where apes rule while humans are subjected to servitude and confinement. These apes speak intelligibly and are human-like in appearance and behavior. In 2001: A Space Odyssey, the highly advanced computer, HAL 9000, an acronym for "He
Oppenheimer And The Atomic Bomb
Oppenheimer And The Atomic Bomb
Oppenheimer And The Atomic Bomb Julius Robert Oppenheimer and the Atomic Bomb J. Robert Oppenheimer was a brilliant physicist and known as the "Father of the Atomic Bomb". A charismatic leader of rare good qualities and commonplace flaws, Oppenheimer brought an uncommon sensibility to research, teaching, and government science. After help creating the atomic bomb with the Manhattan Project he was banned from the U.S. Government during the McCarthy Trials. He opposed the idea of stockpiling nucle
Philogiston Theory
Philogiston Theory
Philogiston Theory Phlogiston Theory According to the phlogiston theory, propounded in the 17th century, every combustible substance consisted of a hypothetical principle of fire known as phlogiston, which was liberated through burning, and a residue. The word phlogiston was first used early in the 18th century by the German chemist Georg Ernst Stahl. Stahl declared that the rusting of iron was also a form of burning in which phlogiston was freed and the metal reduced to an ash or calx. The theo
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism Buddhism For over 2000 years Buddhism has existed as an organized religion. By religion we mean that it has a concept of the profane, the sacred, and approaches to the sacred. It has been established in India, China, Japan and other eastern cultures for almost 2000 years and has gained a strong foothold in North America and Europe in the past few centuries. However, one might ask; what fate would Buddhism face had Siddartha Guatama been born in modern times; or more specifically in mode
Max Planck
Max Planck
Max Planck Max Planck Justin Thomas Period 4 Chemistry 10/08/96 On April 23, 1858 Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck was born in Kiel, Germany. He was the sixth child of a law professor at the University of Kiel. At the age of nine his interest in physics and mathematics was developed by his teacher Hermann Muller. When he graduated at the age of seventeen he decided to choose physics over music for his career. Although he is know for physics he was an exceptional pianist who had acquired the gift of
History And Philosophy Of Science
History And Philosophy Of Science
History And Philosophy Of Science The world of science, as we know it today, is a difficult subject to grasp. So many new ideas are present and these new ideas are not interchangeable. Some parts do work together although as a whole they don’t fully coincide with each other. The three basic ideas that science is now based upon come from Newton, Einstein, and Hawking. I call these ideas/theories “new” based on what I classify the state of the scientific community of today. After looking at what i
The Science of Superstitions
The Science of Superstitions
The Science of Superstitions Sam Vaknin\'s Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites The debate between realism and anti-realism is, at least, a century old. Does Science describe the real world – or are its theories true only within a certain conceptual framework? Is science only instrumental or empirically adequate or is there more to it than that? Jose Ortega y Gasset said (in an unrelated exchange) that all ideas stem from pre-rational beliefs. William James concurred b
Internet for Dummies
Internet for Dummies
Internet for Dummies The Internet is a huge network of computers spanning the lengths of this planet and is now started to bring in the surrounding area like space. Some computers share data like servers, others just surf the web as clients downloading the data. Public Internet began in the late 70’s, but that’s not what I’m going to teach you. In the 70’s, web surfers used an interface called telnet, but now that program is mainly obsolete. Telnet is most widely deployed in accessing college em
A brief history of atomic theory
A brief history of atomic theory
A brief history of atomic theory In the beginning of the 1800s John Dalton, an English scientist did work some work on gases, which lead him to the creation of a complex system of symbols for all known elements at the time. He took all the information he had collected, along with the Laws of Conservation of Mass, Definite Composition and Multiple Proportions and updated Aristotle’s theory of matter with the Atomic Theory of Matter, which stated: - All matter is composed of tiny, indivisible part
A Century of Physics
A Century of Physics
A Century of Physics By the end of the nineteenth century after more than two thousand years of intellectual struggle that began with the Greek philosophers, physical scientists had reason to believe that they were beginning to understand the universe. Their theories of matter and energy, of electricity and magnetism, of heat and sound and light were confirmed in laboratories throughout the world with increasing precision. Experimentation was the method and mathematics the language of a powerful
EINSTEIN
EINSTEIN
EINSTEIN One of the greatest heroes of American(and international) science and culture in the past century has been German physicist Albert Einstein. Born in 1879, Einstein used his early years to educate himself and began to think up his own methods for solving his newly found inquiries into science and higher-level mathematics. In a short time during the beginning of the twentieth century, Einstein pulled together his research and incredible intellect for unprecedented gains in science and the
Nihilism
Nihilism
Nihilism Nihilism in Turgenov's Fathers has several characters who hold strong views of the world. Pavel believes that Russia needs structure from such things as institution, religion, and class hierarchy. Madame Odintsov views the world as simple so long as she keeps it systematic and free from interference. This essay will focus on perhaps the most interesting and complex character in Fathers and Sons: Bazarov. Vladimir Nabakov writes that "Turgenov takes his creature [B] out of a self-imposed
Lasers
Lasers
lasers The laser is a device that a beam of light that is both scientifically and practically of great use because it is coherent light. The beam is produced by a process known as stimulated emission, and the word "laser" is an acronym for the phrase "light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation." Light is just like radio waves in the way that it can also carry information. The information is encoded in the beam as variations in the frequency or shape of the light wave. The good part
Max Planck
Max Planck
Max Planck Max Planck Justin Thomas Period 4 Chemistry 10/08/96 On April 23, 1858 Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck was born in Kiel, Germany. He was the sixth child of a law professor at the University of Kiel. At the age of nine his interest in physics and mathematics was developed by his teacher Hermann Muller. When he graduated at the age of seventeen he decided to choose physics over music for his career. Although he is know for physics he was an exceptional pianist who had acquired the gift of
Covalent BOnding and Molecular Geometr
Covalent BOnding and Molecular Geometr
Covalent BOnding and Molecular Geometr Covalent Bonding and Molecular Geometry The objective of this exercise is to help in understanding the geometric relationships of atoms in simple molecules and the relationship of hybridization to the geometry present. In the last 30 years, data obtained from spectrometric measurements, X?ray and electron diffraction studies, and other experiments have yielded precise information about bond distances, angles, and energies. In many cases, the data confirmed
Analysis of the Human Cultural Identity
Analysis of the Human Cultural Identity
Analysis of the Human Cultural Identity Analysis of the Human Cultural Identity This paper is intended to contain the analysis of the human cultural identity, as seen in the following five historical cultural periods: Enlightenment Culture; Greco-Roman Culture; Judeo-Christian Culture; Renaissance-Reformation Culture; and Industrialization-Modernism Culture. It also embodies examples of each era that are clearly stated, and how they relate to the cultural period. The cultural identity of the Enl
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein What is it that triggers a spark of genius? Is there some encouragement given at the right time that starts the process or helps it along, or does genius simply find its expression despite all odds? At age five, Einstein was given a device that would stir his intellect. It was the first time he had seen a magnetic compass. He lay there shaking and twisting the odd contraption, certain he could fool it into pointing off in a new direction. But try as he might, the compass needle w
The Pleasure of Meaning
The Pleasure of Meaning
The Pleasure of Meaning Sam Vaknin\'s Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites Abstract People often confuse satisfaction or pleasure with meaning. It is one thing to ask "How" (what Science does), another to seek an answer to "Why" (a teleological quest in most cases) and still different to contemplate the "What for". For instance: people often do something because it gives them pleasure or satisfaction – however this does not endow the act with meaning. Meaningless thing
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein Albert Einstein March 14 1879 - April 18 1955 Born Ulm, Germany. Died Princeton, USA. Albert Einstein was a very famous Scientist, he was mostly famous for his theory of Relativity. In 1894 Einstein\'s family moved to Milan and Einstein decided officially to relinquish his German citizenship in favor of Swiss. In 1895 Einstein failed an examination that would have allowed him to study for a diploma as an electrical engineer at Zurich. After attending secondary school at Aarau, Ei
Albert Einstien
Albert Einstien
Albert Einstien By: Shaun Devlin E-mail: [email protected] Men and Women of Science Albert Einstein Early Life Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany on Mar. 14, 1879. Einstein\'s parents, who were non observant Jews, moved from Ulm to Munich, Germany when Einstein was an infant. The family business was the manufacture of electrical parts. When the business failed, in 1894, the family moved to Milan, Italy. At this time Einstein decided officially to end his German citizenship. Within a year, still
Wonderful World Of Lasers
Wonderful World Of Lasers
Wonderful World Of Lasers The Wonderful World of Lasers Laser stands for Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Lasers work by producing an intense beam of bright light that travels in one direction. The laser has the unique ability to produce one specific color or wavelength of light, which can be varied in its intensity and pulse duration. The newest laser systems have become remarkably precise and selective, allowing treatment results and safety levels not previously ava
Historical Development Of Atomic Structure
Historical Development Of Atomic Structure
Historical Development Of Atomic Structure Historical Development of Atomic Structure Yazan Fahmawi Sept. 30, 1995 T3 IBS Chemistry Ms. Redman The idea behind the atom goes back to the Ancient Greek society, where scientists believed that all matter was made of smaller, more fundamental particles called elements. They called these particles atoms, meaning not divisible. Then came the chemists and physicists of the 16th and 17th centuries who discovered various formulae of various salts and water
B E C: The New Phase Of Matter
B E C: The New Phase Of Matter
B E C: The New Phase Of Matter B E C: The New Phase of Matter A new phase of matter has been discovered seventy years after Albert Einstein predicted it\'s existence. In this new state of matter, atoms do not move around like they would in an ordinary gas condensate. The atoms move in lock step with one another and have identical quantum properties. This will make it easier for physicists to research the mysterious properties of quantum mechanics. It was named Molecule of the Year because it was
Notes on the Economics of Game Theory
Notes on the Economics of Game Theory
Notes on the Economics of Game Theory Sam Vaknin\'s Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites Consider this : Could Western management techniques be successfully implemented in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) ? Granted, they have to be adapted, modified and cannot be imported in their entirety. But their crux, their inalienable nucleus – can this be transported and transplanted in CEE ? Theory provides us with a positive answer. Human agents are the same e
Time travel
Time travel
time travel For many years time travel was the stuff of science fiction. This was all just part of the world’s imagination until recently. Scientists now believe that the current laws of physics allow us to travel though time. They believe that we can now travel back to see our founding fathers sign the declaration of independence. We could travel to 2999 to witness the birth of the next new millennium. Such travel would require a machine capable of withstanding great pressures and incredible am
Max Planck
Max Planck
Max Planck Max Planck Justin Thomas Period 4 Chemistry 10/08/96 On April 23, 1858 Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck was born in Kiel, Germany. He was the sixth child of a law professor at the University of Kiel. At the age of nine his interest in physics and mathematics was developed by his teacher Hermann Muller. When he graduated at the age of seventeen he decided to choose physics over music for his career. Although he is know for physics he was an exceptional pianist who had acquired the gift of
Turing Machines And Universes
Turing Machines And Universes
Turing Machines And Universes a href= http://www.geocities.com/vaksam/ Sam Vaknin\'s Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites In 1936 an American (Alonzo Church) and a Briton (Alan M. Turing) published independently (as is often the coincidence in science) the basics of a new branch in Mathematics (and logic): computability or recursive functions (later to be developed into Automata Theory). The authors confined themselves to dealing with computations which involved "effec
Radon
Radon
Radon In this paper I will discuss the element called Radon. I will explain how and when this element was discovered, its' physical characteristics, the natural environment of the element and the abundance in which it occurs. In addition, I will describe why Radon is important to humans, and other interesting facts related to this element. Radon has the symbol Rn. Its atomic number is 86 and its atomic weight is 222. The shell configuration is 2,8,18,32,18,8. Radon's most stable isotope is Rn 22
Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac
Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac
Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac Patrick Ennis Mrs. Carter Research Monday, December 9, 1996 "Physical Laws should have mathematical beauty." This statement was Dirac's response to the question of his philosophy of physics, posed to him in Moscow in 1955. He wrote it on a blackboard that is still preserved today.[1] Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac (1902-1984), known as P. A. M. Dirac, was the fifteenth Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge. He shared the Nobel Prize for Ph
STEPHEN HAWKING.
STEPHEN HAWKING.
STEPHEN HAWKING. English 1301 Feb. 20th, 2004 Mr. Stephen Hawking wrote: “For thousand of years, people have wondered about the universe. Did it stretch out forever or was there a limit? And where did it all come from? Did the universe have a beginning, a moment of creation? Or had the universe existed forever?...All my life, I have been fascinated by the big questions that face us, and have tried to find scientific answers to them…Personally, I’m sure that the universe began with a hot Big Bang
Einstein2
Einstein2
Einstein2 In civilization there have been few individuals that leave a legacy of ideas that have impacted on society forever. Albert Einstein the German-born scientist was one of the gifted few. Despite being one of the greatest thinkers ever to grace the world with his presence, Einstein flunked out of grade school miserably (Poole). He was a terrible English student, because of his poor grammar skills (Poole). At one point a teacher actually told Einstein’s parents that he was mentally challen
Julius
Julius
Julius Robert Oppenheimer Julius Robert Oppenheimer was an American physicist and government adviser, who directed the development of the first atomic bombs. To scientists, he was not only the builder of the atomic bomb and a pioneer in atomic energy, but a master of many languages, a good conversationalist and a brilliant mathematician. He was also a writer, and an expert in both the history of architecture and the religions of the world. Oppenheimer, who was born in New York City on April 22,
The Quantum Of Continuity
The Quantum Of Continuity
The Quantum Of Continuity a href= http://philosophos.tripod.com http://philosophos.tripod.com The problem of continuum versus discreteness seems to be related to the issue of infinity and finiteness. The number of points in a line served as the logical floodgate which led to the development of Set Theory by Cantor at the end of the 19th century. It took almost another century to demonstrate the problematic nature of some of Cantor\'s thinking (Cohen completed Godel\'s work in 1963). But continui
The Elegant Universe
The Elegant Universe
The Elegant Universe Part I: The Edge of Knowledge Chapter 1: Tied Up with Strings This is the introductory section, where the author, Brian Greene, examines the fundamentals of what is currently proven to be true by experimentation in the realm of modern physics. Green goes on to talk more about "The Basic Idea" of string theory. He describes how physicists are aspiring to reach the Theory of Everything, or T.O.E. Some suspect when string theory is completely understood that it might turn out t
Personal Background
Personal Background
Personal Background Dmitri Mendeleev was the youngest of at least 14 children in his family. They lived in Tobolosk, Siberia. His father, Ivan, was the director of a gym and his mother, Marya, came from a family that introduced glass and paper making to Siberia. Mendeleev's father died while he was still young, and Marya had to work. Luckily, her family was able to get her a manager's position at the Korniliev glass factory at Aremziansk. Dmitri was educated at his father's gym in Tobolosk, wher
The Cosmos: Creation
The Cosmos: Creation
The Cosmos: Creation Where is the universe from? Where is it going? How is it put together? How did it get to be this way. These are Big questions. Very easy to ask but almost impossible to answer. We want answers for philosophical reason having nothing to do with science. No one will get rich from discovering the structure of the universe unless they right a book about it. The area of science dealing with Big questions is called cosmology. The reason for it's study is found in the fact that: Th
Fathers And Sons: Nihilism
Fathers And Sons: Nihilism
Fathers And Sons: Nihilism Turgenov\'s Fathers and Sons has several characters who hold strong views of the world. Pavel believes that Russia needs structure from such things as institution, religion, and class hierarchy. Madame Odintsov views the world as simple so long as she keeps it systematic and free from interference. This essay will focus on perhaps the most interesting and complex character in Fathers and Sons: Bazarov. Vladimir Nabakov writes that Turgenov takes his creature [B] out of
Waking Life
Waking Life
Waking Life Most (i didnt really even know what to make of it. its the kid from that movie dazed and confused basically trying to find out the meaning of life and his identity and shit.. and hes like constantly in this dreamworld.. that he cant seem to wake up of.. he cant differentiate his dreams from reality. so one of the points is that there is no waking life...there is life and nothing else....each experience is an experience, nothing more or nothing less, each has the same value...the thin
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein Albert Einstein March 14 1879 - April 18 1955 Born Ulm, Germany. Died Princeton, USA. Albert Einstein was a very famous Scientist, he was mostly famous for his theory of Relativity. In 1894 Einstein\'s family moved to Milan and Einstein decided officially to relinquish his German citizenship in favor of Swiss. In 1895 Einstein failed an examination that would have allowed him to study for a diploma as an electrical engineer at Zurich. After attending secondary school at Aarau, Ei
A Quantum Computer... a future technology
A Quantum Computer... a future technology
A Quantum Computer... a future technology Mike Damewood By the strange laws of quantum mechanics, Folger, a senior editor at Discover, notes, an electron, proton, or other subatomic particle is "in more than one place at a time," because individual particles behave like waves, these different places are different states that an atom can exist in simultaneously. Ten years ago, Folger writes, David Deutsch, a physicist at Oxford University, argued that it may be possible to build an extremely powe
Atomic Theory
Atomic Theory
Atomic Theory Chemistry: A Brief History of Atomic Theory February 28, 1999 In the beginning of the 1800s John Dalton, an English scientist did work some work on gases, which lead him to the creation of a complex system of symbols for all known elements at the time. He took all the information he had collected, along with the Laws of Conservation of Mass, Definite Composition and Multiple Proportions and updated Aristotles theory of matter with the Atomic Theory of Matter, which stated: - All m
Albert Einstien
Albert Einstien
Albert Einstien Men and Women of Science Albert Einstein Early Life Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany on Mar. 14, 1879. Einstein\'s parents, who were non observant Jews, moved from Ulm to Munich, Germany when Einstein was an infant. The family business was the manufacture of electrical parts. When the business failed, in 1894, the family moved to Milan, Italy. At this time Einstein decided officially to end his German citizenship. Within a year, still without having completed secondary school, E
Oppenheimer and The ATomic Bomb
Oppenheimer and The ATomic Bomb
Oppenheimer and The ATomic Bomb Julius Robert Oppenheimer and the Atomic Bomb J. Robert Oppenheimer was a brilliant physicist and known as the ”Father of the Atomic Bomb”. A charismatic leader of rare good qualities and commonplace flaws, Oppenheimer brought an uncommon sensibility to research, teaching, and government science. After help creating the atomic bomb with the Manhattan Project he was banned from the U.S. Government during the McCarthy Trials. He opposed the idea of stockpiling nucle
Turing Machines and Universes
Turing Machines and Universes
Turing Machines and Universes Sam Vaknin's Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web SitesIn 1936 an American (Alonzo Church) and a Briton (Alan M. Turing) published independently (as is often the coincidence in science) the basics of a new branch in Mathematics (and logic): computability or recursive functions (later to be developed into Automata Theory). The authors confined themselves to dealing with computations which involved �effective� or �mechanical� methods for f
The psychedelic effects of d-Lysergic Acid Diethyl
The psychedelic effects of d-Lysergic Acid Diethyl
LSD LSD The psychedelic effects of d-Lysergic Acid Diethylamide-25 (LSD) were discovered by Dr. Albert Hoffman by accident in 1938. In the 1950s and 1960s, LSD was used by psychiatrists for analytic psychotherapy. It was thought that the administration of LSD could aid the patient in releasing repressed material. It was also suggested that psychiatrists themselves might develop more insight into the pathology of a diseased mind through self experimentation. 1,2 During the late 60s, LSD became po
Althusser - a Critique
Althusser - a Critique
Althusser - a Critique Sam Vaknin\'s Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites With the exception of Nietzsche, no other madman has contributed so much to human sanity as has Louis Althusser. He is mentioned twice in the Encyclopaedia Britannica as someone\'s teacher. There could be no greater lapse: for two important decades (the 60s and the 70s), Althusser was at the eye of all the important cultural storms. He fathered quite a few of them. This newly-found obscurity forc
Epicurus
Epicurus
epicurus Nor is life a spectator sport. It is a full contact event requiring your action and participation. You are part of Team Humanity and you need to give it your all. Do what you love to do (as long as it does not hurt others) with passion and enjoyment and you will no doubt do it well. Learn to balance your life and share your passion and enjoyment with others, in particular, those you care about most. Sharing your life interests with others will enrich them as well if you believe and feel
A Quantum Computer... A Future Technology
A Quantum Computer... A Future Technology
A Quantum Computer... A Future Technology By the strange laws of quantum mechanics, Folger, a senior editor at Discover, notes, an electron, proton, or other subatomic particle is in more than one place at a time, because individual particles behave like waves, these different places are different states that an atom can exist in simultaneously. Ten years ago, Folger writes, David Deutsch, a physicist at Oxford University, argued that it may be possible to build an extremely powerful computer ba