Search Results for marx and ethics

Socialism
Socialism
Socialism The term socialism is commonly used to refer both to an ideology--a comprehensive set of beliefs or ideas about the nature of human society and its future desirable state--and to a state of society based on that ideology. Socialists have always claimed to stand above all for the values of equality, social justice, cooperation, progress, and individual freedom and happiness, and they have generally sought to realize these values by the abolition of the private-enterprise economy (see CA
Socialism
Socialism
Socialism Socialism The term socialism is commonly used to refer both to an ideology--a comprehensive set of beliefs or ideas about the nature of human society and its future desirable state--and to a state of society based on that ideology. Socialists have always claimed to stand above all for the values of equality, social justice, cooperation, progress, and individual freedom and happiness, and they have generally sought to realize these values by the abolition of the private-enterprise econo
Desision support systems
Desision support systems
Desision support systems Abstract Computers have been used to support human decision-making for several decades, and increasingly, formal argumentation models are being used in their design. However, their use raises a number of conceptual and social-ethical questions that have yet to be fully addressed. We explore some questions raised by two current proposals for computer-mediated argumentation and decision-making, in particular the assessment of substantive quality, inclusiveness, and noncoer
The Causes of Capitalism
The Causes of Capitalism
The Causes of Capitalism Max Weber finds the origin of modern capitalism in the religious values that came about as a result of Calvinism and Protestant Reformation. In his The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Weber argues that reinterpretation of the doctrine of predestination engendered a revolutionary ascetic sense among Calvinist Protestants. This ascetic sense combined with concomitant rationalization and the Protestant idea of a calling to produce a capitalist spirit that
Confusianism
Confusianism
Confusianism A philosopher named Confucius founded Confucianism in China 2,500 years ago. Confucianism is a system of ethical behavior and social responsibility that became the great traditions of the East.1 It played an important role in the evolution in Chinese culture over the centuries. It has influenced near-by countries and had made a mark in the history of religion. There are today over six million people who call themselves Confucianists. Most Confucianists live in East Asia where Confuc
Marxism and the Labor Theory of Value
Marxism and the Labor Theory of Value
Marxism and the Labor Theory of Value Jon Elster concluded his Making Sense of Marx with the claim that It is not possible today, morally or intellectually, to be a Marxist in the traditional sense (1985, p.531). Acceptance of this statement depends, of course, on what is meant by traditional Marxism. Elster makes it clear that what he means by traditional Marxism is that intellectually bankrupt and non-scientific economic theory associated with the labor theory of value, the theory of the
New Dynasty
New Dynasty
New Dynasty Index Introduction���������������������������p 3 The New Dynasty�������������������������p 5 Dynasties in Review������������������������p 9 The Three Kings�������������������������.p 20 Conclusion���������������������������...p 23 B
David Abraham
David Abraham
David Abraham Grave Offenses vs. Tendentious Misconstruals The David Abraham Case The historical field concerning the Weimar Republic, Germanys parliamentary government during the interwar years, is not only an extremely sophisticated area of study, but an extremely competitive one as well. In the early eighties, a much heated and unprecedented scholarly dispute arose surrounding The Collapse of the Weimar Republic, written by David Abraham at the time, a fledgling historian and assistant
Liberation Feminist Hermeneutics, as described
Liberation Feminist Hermeneutics, as described
Liberation Feminist Hermeneutics, as described By Elisabeth Schuessler Firoenza Hermeneutics Seminar February 29/00 Box #260 Table of Contents I. Introduction..p.3 A. An Historical Overview..p.3-4 B. An Overview of Feminist Hermeneutics..p.4-5 VI. Presuppositions A. Introduction and Preface to the Hermeneutics of ..p.6 Elisabeth Schuessler Fiorenza B. Scripture: Mythical Archetype vs. Historical Prototypep.6-8 C. Egalitarianism and Gender
What boundaries does the vampire threaten?
What boundaries does the vampire threaten?
What boundaries does the vampire threaten? What boundaries does the Vampire threaten? Discuss possible answers to this question with reference to at least two critical or theoretical essays and at least two tellings' of the Dracula story. Written By Amanda Turner The Vampire in Dracula threatens the very existence of Victorian England. Stoker constructs the vampire as an embodiment of threat by surpassing his Gothic novelist predecessors to bring the threat of the Gothic home to Victorian Englan
The Scene of the Screen Envisioning Cinematc and E
The Scene of the Screen Envisioning Cinematc and E
The Scene of the Screen Envisioning Cinematc and Electronic Presence This essay is published in Materialities of Communication., eds. Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht and K. Ludwig Pfeiffer (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994): 83-106. A much shorter version also appeared in Post Script: Essays in Film and the Humanties 10.1 (Fall 1990): 50-59, under the title "Toward a Phenomenology of Cinematic and Electronic Presence: The Scene of the Screen." It is used here with the permission of the author. It
Black-boy
Black-boy
Black-boy RICHARD WRIGHT: BLACK BOY A Teacher\'s Guide for Secondary and Post Secondary Educators by Jerry M. Ward Introduction Richard Wright: An Overview Questions and Activities Before Viewing Questions and Activities After Viewing History: Questions and Activities Education: Questions and Activities Literature: Questions and Activities Psychology: Questions and Activities Sociology Political Science/Cultural Studies: Questions and Activities Bibliographies INTRODUCTION Although RICHARD WRIGH
Prsostitution
Prsostitution
Prsostitution The concept of prostitution is one that causes a visceral revulsion in conventional Western morality  a symptom of which is how the many colloquial terms for a prostitute, such as whore, or harlot, are commonly used as denigratory pejoratives towards women. Although a persistent phenomenon throughout human history , it remains difficult to view prostitution in an objective light  various cultures have alternately tried to ban it on religious or moralistic grounds, or stigmati
The Protestant Ethic And The S
The Protestant Ethic And The S
The Protestant Ethic And The S \'How did the Calvinists beliefs relating to worldly asceticism and predestination, encourage the development of Western capitalism, in Webers view.\'; In this essay, I am first going to briefly look at Webers idea and how it differed form the view Marx put forward on the development of Western capitalism. I am then going to look at the way Weber saw \'occidental\'; capitalism differing from \'other\'; types of capitalism. After this I will touch upon what Weber de
Taoism
Taoism
Taoism Historical Developments: The Classical Period Historical Developments: Han Cosmology Historical Developments: The Buddhist Period Historical Developments: The Neo-Confucian Period Introduction: Conceptual and Theoretical Matters Classical Chinese theory of mind is similar to Western "folk psychology" in that both mirror their respective background view of language. They differ in ways that fit those folk theories of language. The core Chinese concept is xin (the heart-mind). As the transl
The Ethics of World Domination
The Ethics of World Domination
The Ethics of World Domination The Ethics of World Domination Throughout the past 70 years the U.S. has been involved in hundreds of conflicts all around the globe. Every time the United States troops are deployed to a foreign country, citizens of the U.S. want to know why. People begin to ask questions like, "what is the purpose of this?" or "what is the nature of our involvement?" Nobody wants to see the strong youth of our nation shipped of to a foreign country to get slaughtered without good
Concept Of Prostitution
Concept Of Prostitution
Concept Of Prostitution Introduction The concept of prostitution is one that causes a visceral revulsion in conventional Western morality  a symptom of which is how the many colloquial terms for a prostitute, such as whore, or harlot, are commonly used as denigratory pejoratives towards women. Although a persistent phenomenon throughout human history , it remains difficult to view prostitution in an objective light  various cultures have alternately tried to ban it on religious or moralist
Black-boy
Black-boy
Black-boy RICHARD WRIGHT: BLACK BOY A Teacher\'s Guide for Secondary and Post Secondary Educators by Jerry M. Ward Introduction Richard Wright: An Overview Questions and Activities Before Viewing Questions and Activities After Viewing History: Questions and Activities Education: Questions and Activities Literature: Questions and Activities Psychology: Questions and Activities Sociology Political Science/Cultural Studies: Questions and Activities Bibliographies INTRODUCTION Although RICHARD WRIGH
Socialism
Socialism
Socialism The term socialism is commonly used to refer both to an ideology--a comprehensive set of beliefs or ideas about the nature of human society and its future desirable state--and to a state of society based on that ideology. Socialists have always claimed to stand above all for the values of equality, social justice, cooperation, progress, and individual freedom and happiness, and they have generally sought to realize these values by the abolition of the private-enterprise economy (see CA
Taoism
Taoism
Taoism Classical Chinese theory of mind is similar to Western folk psychology in that both mirror their respective background view of language. They differ in ways that fit those folk theories of language. The core Chinese concept is xin (the heart-mind). As the translation suggests, Chinese folk psychology lacked a contrast between cognitive and affective states ([representative ideas, cognition, reason, beliefs] versus [desires, motives, emotions, feelings]). The xin guides action, but not via
The vampire: What boundaries does the vampire thre
The vampire: What boundaries does the vampire thre
The vampire: What boundaries does the vampire threaten? Discuss with r The Vampire What boundaries does the Vampire threaten? Written by Amanda Turner Discuss possible answers to this question with reference to at least two critical or theoretical essays and at least two tellings' of the Dracula story._______________________________________________ The Vampire in Dracula threatens the very existence of Victorian England. Stoker constructs the vampire as an embodiment of threat by surpassing his
Analytic Review of 'Grapes of Wrath'
Analytic Review of 'Grapes of Wrath'
Analytic Review of "Grapes of Wrath" History 258 Nov. 21/01 Grapes of Wrath, the epic novel written by John Steinbeck, captures the travesty and tragedies of the "Great Depression." Chronicling the travels of a displaced Oklahoma family, the "Joads," Steinbeck captures many of the historical moods and thinking of the era. Steinbeck weaves a tale purposely driven towards the bourgeois classes of the United States. Steinbeck's novel is not then just a tale copied and dramatized after the emigrant
A Comparison and Contrast of
A Comparison and Contrast of
A Comparison and Contrast of Juergen Habermas and Hans Georg Gadamer 20083747 History 104 Nov.19/01 The intellectual battle between the Gadamer-Hermeneutics school and the Habermas-critical theorists is well documented. Hermeneutics claiming a universal applicability stating, being that can be understood is language[1], and the critical theorist claiming a reflective reasoning process that goes beyond hermeneutics. The battle has been aptly stated in the rather public disagreements between Han
Socialism
Socialism
Socialism Socialism The term socialism is commonly used to refer both to an ideology--a comprehensive set of beliefs or ideas about the nature of human society and its future desirable state--and to a state of society based on that ideology. Socialists have always claimed to stand above all for the values of equality, social justice, cooperation, progress, and individual freedom and happiness, and they have generally sought to realize these values by the abolition of the private-enterprise econo
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle
:Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle: A Critical Postmodern Theory of Public Administration David M. Boje New Mexico State University April 12, 2001; Revised April 30, 2001 Pre-publication draft of article published in: Administrative Theory & Praxis, Vol 23 (3): 431-458. Abstract I propose a critical postmodern application of Debord's Spectacle and the carnivalesque of Bakhtin to the theatrics I see happening in city streets, on college campuses, and Internet resisting the new globalize
Confusianism
Confusianism
Confusianism A philosopher named Confucius founded Confucianism in China 2,500 years ago. Confucianism is a system of ethical behavior and social responsibility that became the great traditions of the East.1 It played an important role in the evolution in Chinese culture over the centuries. It has influenced near-by countries and had made a mark in the history of religion. There are today over six million people who call themselves Confucianists. Most Confucianists live in East Asia where Confuc
DARWINIAN EVOLUTION AND HUMAN HISTORY
DARWINIAN EVOLUTION AND HUMAN HISTORY
DARWINIAN EVOLUTION AND HUMAN HISTORY DARWINIAN EVOLUTION AND HUMAN HISTORY by Robert M. Young What does Darwinian evolution mean to me as a marxist? Let's start with the Marx part. There is no simple left and right in this matter, and there are many views within marxism. Marx wrote to his close friend and collaborator, Frederick Engels, very soon after On the Origin of Species appeared. 'Darwin's book is very important and serves me as a natural-scientific basis for the class struggle in histor
What is art ?
What is art ?
What is art ? Without knowing first what art is, we will not be able to tell what good is art. Having studied several different definitions of art, I am most satisfied with Tolstoy's definition of art from his essay "What is Art?" (pckt pg.21). According to Tolstoy, art is a form of communication, a vehicle which the artist can use to communicate his feelings and emotion; it is a "means of intercourse between man and man" (pckt pg. 23). Tolstoy's definition of art is hardly based on the beauty o
Why the Martin Luther King Jr Holiday Should Be Re
Why the Martin Luther King Jr Holiday Should Be Re
Why the Martin Luther King Jr Holiday Should Be Repealed It is generally believed that Martin Luther King, Jr., was an intelligent African-American who promoted harmony between the races. Numerous books-all of which talk about his deeds of valor to promote good-will between both blacks and whites during a time when riots and strife regularly occurred in America-have been written about his life. He is generally regarded as a man of ethics, a man who fought against injustices. After all, he did re
Black-boy
Black-boy
Black-boy RICHARD WRIGHT: BLACK BOY A Teacher\'s Guide for Secondary and Post Secondary Educators by Jerry M. Ward Introduction Richard Wright: An Overview Questions and Activities Before Viewing Questions and Activities After Viewing History: Questions and Activities Education: Questions and Activities Literature: Questions and Activities Psychology: Questions and Activities Sociology Political Science/Cultural Studies: Questions and Activities Bibliographies INTRODUCTION Although RICHARD WRIGH
Marxism
Marxism
Marxism Marxist criticism is inherently existentialist. One cannot know anything without having been exposed to it as some sort of life experience. There is no knowledge a priori, as some of the ancient philosophers would have us believe. Rather, knowledge is accumulated a posteriori, through actual experience. Therefore, there is almost nothing that is inherent and absolute in our knowledge. It can never be purely objective, as knowledge is absorbed through the grid of our own perceptions, and
Sociology portfolio
Sociology portfolio
sociology portfolio What is Sociology? Sociology is the systematic study of human society. Peter Berger said in his book Invitation to Sociology that Sociological perspectives involves seeing the general in the particular, seeing the strange in the familiar and individuality in social context. Seeing the general in the particular is how sociologists look at the patterns of life in people\'s behaviour. Seeing the strange in the familiar is recognizing the impact society has on our lives. Individu
Socialism
Socialism
Socialism Socialism The term socialism is commonly used to refer both to an ideology--a comprehensive set of beliefs or ideas about the nature of human society and its future desirable state--and to a state of society based on that ideology. Socialists have always claimed to stand above all for the values of equality, social justice, cooperation, progress, and individual freedom and happiness, and they have generally sought to realize these values by the abolition of the private-enterprise econo
Facets of Russian Communism Within Fictional Utopi
Facets of Russian Communism Within Fictional Utopi
Facets of Russian Communism Within Fictional Utopian Literature Historically, fictional literature has been used to reflect on the life of the time in which it is written. Authors, thrown by the system and displeased by developments, take what they know and use it to make a statement. Over the course of history, authors have jabbed huge incidents such as the French Revolution in Charles Dickins A Tale of Two Cities, missionary invasion and Chinese poverty in Pearl S. Bucks The Good Earth, and
Conflict between humanistic and scientific value
Conflict between humanistic and scientific value
conflict between humanistic and scientific value HRM - Conflicts of Scientific and Humanistic Values 1.0 Introduction One of the popular theory of the "Critical Theorist " ( with referrence to the Marxist view ). science reduce humankind to passive objects beholden to the laws of nature. Sociology, as a form of science, is therefore also criticized for making scientific studies a means to an end unto themselves, as well as for not recognizing the importance of the individual. Modern society at l
A Comparison and Contrast of
A Comparison and Contrast of
A Comparison and Contrast of Juergen Habermas and Hans Georg Gadamer 20083747 History 104 Nov.19/01 The intellectual battle between the Gadamer-Hermeneutics school and the Habermas-critical theorists is well documented. Hermeneutics claiming a universal applicability stating, "being that can be understood is language[1]," and the critical theorist claiming a reflective reasoning process that goes beyond hermeneutics. The battle has been aptly stated in the rather public disagreements between Han
No title
No title
Analytic Review of Grapes of Wrath History 258 Nov. 21/01 Grapes of Wrath, the epic novel written by John Steinbeck, captures the travesty and tragedies of the Great Depression. Chronicling the travels of a displaced Oklahoma family, the Joads, Steinbeck captures many of the historical moods and thinking of the era. Steinbeck weaves a tale purposely driven towards the bourgeois classes of the United States. Steinbecks novel is not then just a tale copied and dramatized after the emigrant
A prime example of American culture that Marxist t
A prime example of American culture that Marxist t
A prime example of American culture that Marxist theory can be applied to is NAFTA. The North American Free Trade Agreement can be used to highlight almost, if not, all of Marxist thought. It's a prime example of most of the things Marx hated about capitalism. . In Marxist terminology it can serve as a prime example of alienation, the value of labor and work, and the division of labor along many different lines. In original Marxist theory the term alienation refers to a few specific types of ali
Taoism
Taoism
Taoism Classical Chinese theory of mind is similar to Western "folk psychology" in that both mirror their respective background view of language. They differ in ways that fit those folk theories of language. The core Chinese concept is xin (the heart-mind). As the translation suggests, Chinese folk psychology lacked a contrast between cognitive and affective states ([representative ideas, cognition, reason, beliefs] versus [desires, motives, emotions, feelings]). The xin guides action, but not v
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle: A Cr
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle: A Cr
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle: A Critical Postmodern Theory of Public Administration April 12, 2001; Revised April 30, 2001 Pre-publication draft of article published in: Administrative Theory Praxis, Vol 23 (3): 431-458. Abstract I propose a critical postmodern application of Debords Spectacle and the carnivalesque of Bakhtin to the theatrics I see happening in city streets, on college campuses, and Internet resisting the new globalized economy. In the past decade pubic administ
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle: A Cr
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle: A Cr
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle: A Critical Postmodern Theory of Public Administration April 12, 2001; Revised April 30, 2001 Pre-publication draft of article published in: Administrative Theory & Praxis, Vol 23 (3): 431-458. Abstract I propose a critical postmodern application of Debord's Spectacle and the carnivalesque of Bakhtin to the theatrics I see happening in city streets, on college campuses, and Internet resisting the new globalized economy. In the past decade pubic admini
Dressed in the drab military uniform that symboliz
Dressed in the drab military uniform that symboliz
Dressed in the drab military uniform that symbolized the revolutionary government of Communist China, Mao Zedong's body still looked powerful, like an giant rock in a gushing river. An enormous red flag draped his coffin, like a red sail unfurled on a Chinese junk, illustrating the dualism of traditional China and the present Communist China that typified Mao. 1 A river of people flowed past while he lay in state during the second week of September 1976. Workers, peasants, soldiers and students,
Taoism
Taoism
Taoism Classical Chinese theory of mind is similar to Western folk psychology in that both mirror their respective background view of language. They differ in ways that fit those folk theories of language. The core Chinese concept is xin (the heart-mind). As the translation suggests, Chinese folk psychology lacked a contrast between cognitive and affective states ([representative ideas, cognition, reason, beliefs] versus [desires, motives, emotions, feelings]). The xin guides action, but not via
Taoism
Taoism
Taoism Philosophy of Mind in China Conceptual and Theoretical Matters Historical Developments: The Classical Period Historical Developments: Han Cosmology Historical Developments: The Buddhist Period Historical Developments: The Neo-Confucian Period Bibliography Introduction: Conceptual and Theoretical Matters Classical Chinese theory of mind is similar to Western folk psychology in that both mirror their respective background view of language. They differ in ways that fit those folk theories of
New Dynasty
New Dynasty
New Dynasty Index Introduction………………………………………………………………………p 3 The New Dynasty…………………………………………………………………p 5 Dynasties in Review………………………………………………………………p 9 The Three Kings………………………………………………………………….p 20 Conclusion………………………………………………………………………...p 23 B
New Dynasty
New Dynasty
New Dynasty Index Introductionp 3 The New Dynastyp 5 Dynasties in Reviewp 9 The Three Kings.p 20 Conclusion...p 23 Bibliographyp 24 Introduction As we move into the new millennium, more so than decades, quarter or half centuries, we reflect back on the past. A vast number of books and other publications have come out which review certain areas
Myths of politicaleconomic world view
Myths of politicaleconomic world view
Myths of politicaleconomic world view MYTHS OF THE POLITICAL-ECONOMIC WORLD VIEW A MYTH IS a traditional story that offers an explanation of some fact or phenomenon. Myths are neither wholly true nor wholly untrue. They may have been more true in the past than now, but people act as if they are still true, even when they no longer really believe in them. Some modem usages of the word have connotations that suggest that myths are irrelevant or wrong, but this is not necessarily so. Myths are of c
Sexual harassment
Sexual harassment
sexual harassment USE FOR REFERENCE OR GUIDANCE ONLY!!! Sexual Harassment and how it relates psychoanalytical and conflict theories The issue of sexual harassment has been prevalent throughout this country from the office of the President of the United States, throughout military services and among educational institutions. Sexual harassment is a form of discrimination and although it is an offense committed by both females and males in assorted measures, it is predominately committed by males a
Liberation Feminist Hermeneutics, as described
Liberation Feminist Hermeneutics, as described
Liberation Feminist Hermeneutics, as described By Elisabeth Schuessler Firoenza Hermeneutics Seminar February 29/00 Box #260 Table of Contents I. Introduction.................................................................. ........p.3 A. An Historical Overview..................................................p.3-4 B. An Overview of Feminist Hermeneutics.............................p.4-5 VI. Presuppositions A. Introduction and Preface to the Hermeneutics of .................p.6 Elisabeth Schues
What is art ?
What is art ?
What is art ? Without knowing first what art is, we will not be able to tell what good is art. Having studied several different definitions of art, I am most satisfied with Tolstoy\'s definition of art from his essay "What is Art?" (pckt pg.21). According to Tolstoy, art is a form of communication, a vehicle which the artist can use to communicate his feelings and emotion; it is a "means of intercourse between man and man" (pckt pg. 23). Tolstoy\'s definition of art is hardly based on the beauty