WWI Never Ended
Scott Doane

Southwestern Michigan College
English 103
Fall 1997

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Thesis statement: WWII could have been avoided if WWI had ended differently.

I. Introduction
A. Explanation of Title
B. Thesis
II. Body
A. Events Leading To WWI
1. Nationalism
2. Imperialism
3. Dominos
4. U.S. Involvement
B. Repercussions of the Treaty of Versailles
1. Germany
2. Political
3. Psychological
4. Economic
C. Nazi Rise to Power
1. Hitler Comes to Power
2. Fall of German Republic
D. Different Ending Theory
1. American Foreign Policy
2. True German Defeat
3. Financial Advising
4. Political Watchdog
III. Conclusion
A. Restatement of Thesis
B. Summary of Paper
C. End Thoughts

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WWI Never Ended

It was the war to end all wars. It took millions in lives. It should have ended when it did, something went wrong. WWI never ended. It may have taken a break, but never truly ended until the end of WWII. Complications that occurred due to the way WWI ended prompted the advent of WWII. The second word war could have been completely avoided if WWI had ended differently.
There are no doubts to the many numerous causes of WWI. Nationalism, imperialism, a cold war arms race, and treaties continent wide, put European nations head to head. Waiting to fall like explosive dominos. Nationalism is the concept of unity within one's own country. Its lack was one of the figuring reasons for the First World War. The idea of democracy had been spread throughout Europe by the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era. This was a new and enticing concept to people who have been under Monarchial control for so long. The idea that people of the same ethnic background, language, and political background had the right to be independent states sent a surge of nationalistic hope throughout Europe. This was all during a time when Europe was nowhere near nationalized. Reactionaries at the Congress of Vienna in
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1815 ignored this new nationalistic movement. The French were left seething over the loss of Alsace-Lorraine to Germany. Italy and Germany themselves were broken down into so many different dynasts, principalities, and kingdoms, that it became impossible to determine where the borders of the countries actually were. Belgium, both French- and Flemish-speaking were put under Dutch control. Austria-Hungary and the Balkans were having the hardest time with the nationalistic movement. The area was controlled by few, whereas the cultural and ethnic background of the people living there varied incredibly. Everyone wanted freedom from someone else. Revolutions of a nationalistic movement counteracted some of the reactionary accomplishments of the Congress. Belgium won independence from the Dutch in 1830. Italy became united in 1861; Germany did the same ten years later. Nationalism came into full force.
The Industrial revolution occurred. First in England, then followed by France and Germany. All three markets saw an explosion of productivity and sought foreign markets to sell their goods to. Africa was close and convenient. However, it was not a peaceful place to do business. France and England never liked each other to begin with. It seems that even Africa was not large enough for the two of them. They did eventually settle their differences and agree to share the African market. Germany was not as compliant. The industrious Germans had many run-ins with the French and British in North Africa, straining peace to the breaking point. Crumbling empires in the Middle East was an alluring target to the Germans, not to mention the Russians.
As this uneasy peace continued, foreign and domestic policies of the involved nations began to change. Standing armies and navies began to increase at an alarming rate. Britain's
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philosophy was to have a navy two and a half times as large as the second largest navy in Europe. They figured with that much naval supremacy they would be safe. Politicians and statesmen across Europe and the rest of the world became very unnerved by this mass build up of arms. The Hauge Conferences were the last chance for peace in Europe as disarmament was the main topic. Unfortunately, political unrest and rivalry had advanced to such a state across Europe that disarmament was hopeless. Not only did the European nations arm them selves in "self-defense" they also began to form alliances, as not to be caught alone in an eventual war. The dominos began to stand. The main powers of these alliances were the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy and