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World War I
World War I was a military conflict from 1914 to 1918; that caused
millions of people their lives in battle. Causes of World War I were the spirt of
intense nationalism. The fundamental causes of the conflict, however, were rooted
deeply in the European History of the previous century in political and economic
policies that prevailed the Continent after 1871, the year that marked the emergence
of Germany as a great world power. Another source of tension in Europe was
imperialism. At the same time each nation built up its army and navy against the
military threat posed by its neighbors.
In June, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary was
assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a Serb nationalist. Then on July 28 Austria
declared war against Serbia, either because it felt Russia would not actually fight for
Serbia, or because it was prepared to risk a general European conflict in order to
put an end to the Greater Serbia movement. From there some 32 nations would
become involved in the global war.
By early 1915 both armies dug in along a front running some 400
miles. Holed up in trenches and separated by a thin strip of territory both sides
struggled to advance. But even the most hardened soldier had never encountered
anything like trench warfare. During fighting life in the trenches proved frightful.
Rats and lice plagued the soldiers. New weapons added to the horror. The most
feared new weapon introduced during World War I was poisonous gas.
In early 1915 the Germans established a war zone around Great Britain
Any ships entering this zone, Even neutral ships, were liable to U-boat attack. On
March 28, a U-boat sank a British liner, the Lusitania, killing more than 100 people.
British and German activities violated the rights of neutral nations and led to
The sinking of the Lusitania brought conflict to many Americans.
Congress declared war on April 4. The Allies urgently needed fresh troops.
Congress responded by passing the Selective Service Act to bring the armed
services up to full force. As the weeks went by, American troops arrived in France
in Great numbers. They set up docks, railroads, and telegraphic lines. They also
constructed camps, ammunition dumps, storage sheds, and hospitals. Some 10,000
women worked in these hospitals.
The Americans\' entry into the war came none too soon for the Allies.
With the assistance of American troops, the Allies turned the tide against Germany.
Over the next three months, the Allies pushed deep into the German- held territory.
Mutinies broke out in both the German army and navy. German civilizations took to
the streets demanding food, not war. In November Germany\'s government agreed to
The war, killed over eight million people and left much of Europe
in ruins, resolved few prewar issues.
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Bulgaria in World War I, Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, Causes of World War I, Laws of war, Modern history of Italy, World War I, Sinking of the RMS Lusitania, RMS Lusitania, Eastern Front, Gavrilo Princip, Neutral country, The Sinking of the Lusitania
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