World War I Was Called The War To End All Wars. It Claimed The Lives O
This essay World War I Was Called The War To End All Wars. It Claimed The Lives O has a total of 601 words and 3 pages.
World War I was called the War to End all Wars. It claimed the lives of eight and a half million men, another twenty-one million wounded, and seven million missing in action. The United States had fought in the war for just over a year. As the war was closing down President Woodrow Wilson began planning his new League of Nations.
The League of Nations had one single purpose; to prevent the destruction of peace and the outbreak of another world war. Unfortunately for Wilson, America was not able to look upon the league with acceptance. The reason America did not join the league was because of the "well known" article 10, which stated that the League would perform any action deemed necessary to restore peace.
The League of Nations existed from 1920 until 1946, when the United Nations replaced it. This occurred after the Second World War, and America accepted membership. Why was the United States able to accept the UN while they rejected the League of Nations time and time again?
During the time period of World War I the United States remained as isolated as possible. They only fought in the war because they were directly threatened by Germany in the Zimmerman Telegram. When the war was over, America wished to stay to themselves. Wilson was seen as a dreamer and the citizens saw no future in his idea of a "League of Nations." America also did not want to be held to Article 10 and be forced to fight another nation's war.
After the conclusion of World War I, Germany was driven farther and farther into poverty by the Allied Powers who demanded over thirty-six billion dollars in damage payments. Different countries seized parts of Germany's territory as a penalty. France was the most guilty of this act by taking large areas of the Rhine area and controlling all of Germany's colonies in Africa. Because of Germany's social state the people looked for someone who could save them. The person they saw was Adolf Hitler.
When World War II broke out it marked the failure of the League of Nations. This was later blamed on the United States, saying if they had joined the League would have succeeded. The American's joined the war in December of 1941. By the time the war was over the United States was exhausted. For almost four years American soldiers had been fighting. Women worked in factories to produce ammunition and artillery for the war purpose. All of the United States industry was producing war materials. When the war ended it was a great celebration for the US.
In late 1945 when the idea of the United Nations was mentioned America paid little attention. They were glad the war was over, the soldiers were home, and the economy was rising. The war had ended America's Great Depression and for the first time ever America was referred to as a Super Power. The new United Nations became a comfort to other countries against the atomic scare.
America felt little need to neither agree nor disagree with the function of the UN. When it was decided that the United Nations would be located at home in New York, America felt it would do no harm. Because there was no major disagreement with the UN it was accepted by the United States. With the power for the Security Council to veto any military action, America had little to lose by joining the United Nations. The simple act of veto made the difference between the League of Nations and the United Nations.
Topics Related to World War I Was Called The War To End All Wars. It Claimed The Lives O
League of Nations, United Nations Security Council, United Nations, World War I, Woodrow Wilson, Declaration of war by the United States, Criticism of the United Nations
Essays Related to World War I Was Called The War To End All Wars. It Claimed The Lives O
Arab-Israeli Conflict Arab-Israeli Conflict The Arab-Israeli conflict came about from the notion of Political Zionism. Zionism is the belief that Jews constitute a nation (or a people) and that they deserve the right to return to what they consider to be their ancestral home, land of Israel (or Palestine). Political Zionism, the belief that Jews should establish a state for themselves in Palestine, was a revolutionary idea for the 19th Century. During World War I, Jews supported countries that constituted the Centra
AP US History AP US History March 1, 1997 Period 4 Treaty of Versailles: Who was at fault for its denial? The Treaty of Versailles, which was a peace treaty that called for the end of World War 1(between Germany and the Allies), was defeated in the Senate by an unknown alliance of two forces. The two forces were President Wilson’s “all or nothing” attitude and the strong opponents of the Treaty in the Senate. William Borah (Sen, Idaho), one of the “irreconcilables”, brings out a clear weakness in the Covenan
In my reading of A Narrative of the Life of Mrs Mary Jemison written b In my reading of A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison, written by James E. Seaver and edited by June Namias, I discovered many things I did not know about not only the Seneca Indians, but also the other Iroquois tribes within upstate New York. I enjoyed the perspective this book gives the reader. The story is told from someone that was introduced to the Indians, not as an original member of the tribe, but from someone that was captured by these Indians at an early age and assimilated in
Foreign PolicyForeign Policy With the world balancing on the edge of destruction, foreign relationships areextremely important to the United States of America. The United States is fullyrecognized as the most powerful nation on the planet earth, and with that power comes adefinitive sense of responsibility. The U.S. needs to pay close attention to thisresponsibility if it hopes to keep its place on the throne as king of the nations. This iswhere the United States foreign policy comes into play. Foreign policy
ImmigrantsImmigrants Should the United States take on more immigrants? Is the United States hurting from immigration problems? These issues have been debated on for generation. According to the Immigration and Naturalization Service, approximately 300,000 illegal immigrants enter the United States annually (Cozic 12). This large number of immigrants causes many different emotions. For some Americans, immigration is an adversity. Many Americans past and present have reacted to immigrants with fear: fear
HISTORY OF BASKETBALL HISTORY OF BASKETBALL Dr. James Naismith is known world-wide as the inventor of Basketball. He was born in 1861 in Ramsay township, near Almonte, Ontario, Canada. The concept of basketball was born from his school days in the area where he played a simple child's game called duck-on-a-rock outside of his schoolhouse. The game had a purpose to knock a duck off the top of a large rock by throwing another rock at it. Naismith then went on to attend McGill University in Montreal, Quebec,Canada. A
Is Hockey Being Lost as a Canadian Game Is Hockey Being Lost as a Canadian Game? Hockey, to many Canadians it is their favourite sport or pastime. This game is a part of Canadian’s heritage. Although with the ongoing “Americanizing” of Canada, it is only a matter of time before Canada’s game is changed as well. The NHL, National Hockey League, is the professional league for hockey. In the past, and still today, Canadians have made up the greater part of the leagues players. The article NHL Melting Pot gives statistics and a graph of
Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt Outline Thesis: Theodore Roosevelt's political presence altered the course of the United States, transforming it into a superpower fully ready to handle the challenges of any opposition, and changed the role of the president and executive branch of US government, making it a force to be reckoned with. I. Introduction II. Before Roosevelt A. Post-Reconstructionist Views B. The Industrial Revolution C. The Gilded Age 1. Railroads 2. Robber Barons 3. Immigration 4. Standard Quest
Persian Gulf CrisisPersian Gulf Crisis Persian Gulf Crisis, 1990-1991: How Saddam Hussein's Greed and Totalitarian Quest for Power Led to the Invasion of Kuwait, World Conflicts and the Degredation of Iraq Joseph Stalin. Fidel Castro. Adolf Hitler. Saddam Hussein. These names are all those of leaders who have used a totalitarian approach to leading a nation. Stalin and Hitler ruled in the early to mid-nineteen hundreds. Like Fidel Castro, Saddam Hussein is now. Saddam Hussein belongs to the Baath Party of Iraq. Th
TemagamiTemagami Table of Contents Introduction 2 The History of the Forest 2 The Forests of Canada 3 Part One: The History of the Logger 5 The Canadian Forestry Industry 5 The Ontario Forestry Industry 7 Part Two: Forest Conservation in Ontario 8 Political Activity 8 Temagami 9 Part Three: The Temagami Debate 11 The Forester 11 The Environmentalist 12 Part Four: The Law of the Land 13 Civil Disobedience 13 Government Legislation / Wildlands League Lawsuit 15 Natural vs. Positive Law 16 Conclusion 17 Su
Woodrow Wilson and His Ability To be an Effective PresidentWoodrow Wilson and His Ability To be an Effective President During Woodrow Wilson's two terms in office he showed to be a great democratic leader in many areas. He managed to accomplish a lot, despite his poor health that he had to deal with since his childhood. Wilson always had a strong interest in government and was always looking for changes and improvements. As president he was never afraid to show a bit of a radical side when it came to making changes. He was constantly pushing for world p
The Four Political Parties of CanadaThe Four Political Parties of Canada In a country as vast and as culturally diverse as Canada, many different political opinions can be found stretched across the country. From the affluent neighbourhoods of West Vancouver to the small fishing towns located on the east coast of Newfoundland, political opinions and affiliations range from the left wing to the right wing. To represent these varying political views, Canada has four official national political parties to choose from: the Liberals (w
Has Political Islam Failed in AlgeriaHas Political Islam Failed in Algeria? The question whether Political Islam has failed or not due to the internal structure of the Islamic political movement, in either Algeria or any other country in the Islamic World, is an important question for the analysis of the politicized Islamic phenomena. Olivier Roy sees the movement as a failure, not only in Algeria but also in the whole area from Casablanca to Tashkent, the movement has resulted in failure due to many reasons that are seen as common
International Relations Of AsiaInternational Relations Of Asia STRATEGIC GEOMETRY This is the only region in the world where so many combinations and permutations of two- three and four- and even two plus four or three plus three- power games can be played on the regional chessboard with all their complexities and variations. introduction The concept of strategic geometry comprises the notion that that the interactions and interconnections between a number of political actors within a particular system of international rela
Woodrow Wilson and The PresidencyWoodrow Wilson and The Presidency From the beginning of the 1912 election, the people could sense the new ideas of Woodrow Wilson would move them in the right direction. Wilson's idea of New Freedom would almost guarantee his presidential victory in 1912. In contrast to Wilson's New Freedom, Roosevelt's New Nationalism called for the continued consolidation of trusts and labor unions, paralleled by the growth of powerful regulatory agencies. Roosevelt's ideas were founded in the Herbert Croly's
US Foreign Policy Toward Jewish Refugees During 1933-1939U.S Foreign Policy Toward Jewish Refugees During 1933-1939 PART I HISTORICAL REVIEW AND ANALYSIS In reviewing the events which gave rise to the U.S.'s foreign policy toward Jewish refugees, we must identify the relevant factors upon which such decisions were made. Factors including the U.S. government's policy mechanisms, it's bureaucracy and public opinion, coupled with the narrow domestic political mindedness of President Roosevelt, lead us to ask; Why was the American government apathetic to
Restore the Emperor Expel the Barbarians The Causes of the Showa Resto Restore the Emperor Expel the Barbarians: The Causes of the Showa Restoration Sonno joi, Restore the Emperor and expel the Barbarians, was the battle cry that ushered in the Showa Restoration in Japan during the 1930's.Footnote1 The Showa Restoration was a combination of Japanese nationalism, Japanese expansionism, and Japanese militarism all carried out in the name of the Showa Emperor, Hirohito. Unlike the Meiji Restoration, the Showa Restoration was not a resurrection of the Emperor's powe
Restore the Emperor Expel the Barbarians The Causes of the Showa Res Restore the Emperor Expel the Barbarians: The Causes of the Showa Restoration Sonno joi, Restore the Emperor and expel the Barbarians, was the battle cry that ushered in the Showa Restoration in Japan during the 1930's.Footnote1 The Showa Restoration was a combination of Japanese nationalism, Japanese expansionism, and Japanese militarism all carried out in the name of the Showa Emperor, Hirohito. Unlike the Meiji Restoration, the Showa Restoration was not a resurrection of the Emperor's po
From the beginning of mankind man has looked for cures of illness Jona From the beginning of mankind, man has looked for cures of illness. Jonas Salk found a cure for one of the worst illnesses in the history of man, polio. Jonas Salk's polio vaccine was a great discovery of his time, and it is still being used today to eradicate polio worldwide. Dr. Salk is also known for other medical discoveries. He was a quiet man who lived a rough childhood. He was not looking for fame, instead, it found him. During the time before the vaccine, many people, mostly parents wit
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi also known as mahatma Gandhi was a Indian Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as mahatma Gandhi, was a Indian nationalist leader, who established his country's freedom through a nonviolent revolution. Gandhi became a leader in a difficult struggle, the Indian campaign for home rule. He believed and dedicated his life to demonstrating that both individuals and nations owe it to themselves to stay free, and to allow the same freedom to others. Gandhi was one of the gentlest of men, a devout and almost mystical Hindu, but he had and ir
Wilson Woodrow Wilson, Woodrow Woodrow Wilson, 28th president of the United States (1913-21), secured a legislative program of progressive domestic reform, guided his country during WORLD WAR I, and sought a peace settlement based on high moral principles, to be guaranteed by the LEAGUE OF NATIONS. Early Life and Career Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born in Staunton, Va., on Dec. 28, 1856. He was profoundly influenced by a devoutly religious household headed by his father, Joseph Ruggles Wilson, a Presbyterian mi
ECONOMIC SYSTEMS ASSIGNMENT ECONOMIC SYSTEMS ASSIGNMENT Canada: The Government of Canada is a Federal Parliamentary Democracy and a member of the Common Wealth. The Prime Minister of Canada is the Honorable Jean Chretien. The Deputy Prime Minister is Sheila Copps and the Governor General is Romeo LeBlanc. There are five major political parties in Canada they are; the Progressive Conservatives, the Liberal Party, New Democratic Party, the Reform Party, and the Bloc Quebecois. The GNP per capita (1991) was $19,934 (in milli
Nellie McClung Nellie McClung Helen Nellie Laetitia Mooney was born October 20, 1873 in a log cabin on Garafraxa Road, two kilometers from Chatsworth, Ontario. She and her family moved to Manitoba when she was six years old. One of Nellie's best influences was her mother. Her family's influence was no doubt the reason she became an activist. Her mother thought that every child had the right to an education, and her whole family encouraged her to learn all she could. (9, Wright) Nellie at age ten, went to sc
Truth and Consequences Taking Advantage of the Loser Truth and Consequences: Taking Advantage of the Loser ßill Koneski January 4, 1997 Western Civilizations Although the costs and strain that World War I placed on the countries involved in it were unimaginable, the peace treaty Germany was forced to sign was neither fair nor just. Millions upon millions of men lost their lives or were wounded and women and children suffered from not having and positive male influence and being forced into manual labor on the homefront. The cost alone to the Unit
COMMERCIAL FISHING COMMERCIAL FISHING Commercial fishing is a worldwide enterprise that involves the capture of marine and freshwater fish and shellfish and their preparation for market. Fishing equipment ranges from small boats whose nets are cast and hauled in by hand to factory ships equipped with the most advanced technologies for finding, harvesting, and preparing huge amounts of fish. These large catches are very costly, however, not only in the price of their equipment and fuel, but also in the depletion o
History of the Marshall Islands History of the Marshall Islands The Marshall Islands is a republic of 29 atolls and 5 coral islands. The islands are one of the four main groups that make up Micronesia. The nearest neighbor to the Marshalls are the Federated States of Micronesia. They're only 26 populated islands in the Marshalls because a lot of the islands are too small to support many people. There are two roughly parallel chains of islands that make up the western Ralik group and the eastern Ratak group. Now that you know
Throughout the twenitieth century many individuals have made importain Throughout the twenitieth century, many individuals have made importaint contributions to their nations or to thier region.Three that i will be talking about are Jomo Kenyatta, Yassir Arafat, and Yizhak Rabin. due to what these Three have done what whould be of there nations or regions. Jomo Kenyatta was the first president of Kenya. He was devoted nationalist who was a staunch protector of Western political and economic interests in Kenya. Kenyatta was widely regarded as a stabilizing force in
Written by The Prophet Written by: The Prophet Edited by: The Metallian Lebanon, a nation that once proudly called itself the Switzerland of the Middle East, is today a country in name only. Its government controls little more than half of the nation's capital, Beirut. Its once-vibrant economy is a shambles. And its society is fragmented - so fragmented, some believe, that it may be impossible to re-create a unified state responsive to the needs of all its varied peoples. Lebanon lies on the eastern shore of the
ALLIES AND ENEMIES ALLIES AND ENEMIES Seneca are among the most respected and feared. The Seneca are culturally similar to their Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, an Mohawk confederates. The five tribes were known as the Five Nations or the League of Five Nations. Sometime between 1715 and 1722 the Tuscaroras from North Carolina joined the confederacy and changed the name to the Six Nations. In their relations with white settlers the Seneca played the role of an independent power and were this way from the very start. Du
The Micmac VS The Iroquois The Micmac V.S. The Iroquois Although the Micmac and the Iroquois Confederacy are both Aboriginal groups, they have many differences as well as similarities. One area of such, is their traditional justice systems. Their governments and laws are in some ways similar, but in many ways different. The Micmac reside in what is now Nova Scotia, eastern New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and southern Gaspe. The territory was subdivided in to seven districts. Each of these districts contained family
Saddam, Iraq, And The Gulf WarSaddam, Iraq, And The Gulf War War, justifiable or not, is complete madness. It is hell. No matter what the cause, or what the reason is, war remains mankindï¿½s greatest source of tragedy, the plague of mankind, and the plague of this country. Our country has existed for only 200 years, a relatively short time, and already we have been involved in over eleven major wars. Four have been fought this last fifty years. We are a nation of freedom, but we are also a nation of strong military presence
''By 1932 the collapse of Weimars had become inevitable Hitlers triump ''By 1932 the collapse of Weimars had become inevitable, Hitlers triumph had not'' Discuss Without wanting to delve into the 'What if?' school of history, the debate about Weimars failure can become a vague one since there is so much known about the period and so many factors which could have effected the outcome of Weimars history. Some argue its collapse was inevitable in 1919 others go right up to 1933, but what is not certain was Hitler's triumph I would argue that after the signing of the
Slavery in the US Slavery in the U.S. In North America the first African slaves landed at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619. Brought by early English privateers, they were subjected to limited servitude, a legalized status of Native American, white, and black servants preceding slavery in most, if not all, the English colonies in the New World. The number of slaves imported was small at first, and it did not seem necessary to define their legal status. Statutory recognition of slavery, however, occurred in Massachuse
England Latin Anglia political division of the island of Great Britain England (Latin Anglia), political division of the island of Great Britain, constituting, with Wales, the principal division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England occupies all of the island east of Wales and south of Scotland, another division of the United Kingdom. Established as an independent monarchy many centuries ago, England in time achieved political control over the rest of the island, all the British Isles, and vast sections of the world, becoming the nuc
US Expansionism U.S. Expansionism Through the course of history, many of the nations in the world expanded internationally through imperialism. These nations were creating empires throughout the world. The United States of America for example, during the late 19th century and into the early 20th century began to expand out into the world. Before this time, the United States only expanded onto land that was adjacent to that which was theirs. As a result from the other world powers acquiring new lands and provin
World War I was called the War to End all Wars It claimed the lives of World War I was called the War to End all Wars. It claimed the lives of eight and a half million men, another twenty-one million wounded, and seven million missing in action. The United States had fought in the war for just over a year. As the war was closing down President Woodrow Wilson began planning his new League of Nations. The League of Nations had one single purpose; to prevent the destruction of peace and the outbreak of another world war. Unfortunately for Wilson, America was not able
Thesis Statement The United States did not step up ag ainst the Ottoma Thesis Statement: The United States did not step up ag ainst the Ottoman Empire because the did not have anything to gain from the Armenians. The term Genocide is very frequently used in recent times. It is a Latin compound made up of two words. Gens, meaning people or race, and the root meaning cid meaning to destroy. In 1915, the Turks of the Ottoman Empire massacred the Armenians. While these series of massacres that started in 1894 were taking place, where was the US? The US did not step
MetallicaMetallica 1980 A young Lars Ulrich was addicted to the NWOBHM (New Wave Of British Heavy Metal), and he tried to put his own band together. At this point, his attempt failed, but he placed an ad in a magazine called Recycler, to which one James Hetfield answered. James and Lars met up to jam, but nothing became of this first meeting. Summer 81 Lars went to the UK to follow Diamond Head around for 3 months on tour. On his return he secured a deal to record a track for the Metal Blade compilation
Communist ManifestoCommunist Manifesto Chapter 1 Summary: Bourgeois and Proletarians The Communist Manifesto begins with Marx's famous generalization that the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles (79). Marx describes these classes in terms of binary oppositions, with one party as oppressor, the other as oppressed. While human societies have traditionally been organized according to complex, multi-membered class hierarchies, the demise of feudalism effected by the French Revolu
Slaughterhouse FiveSlaughterhouse Five Chapter 1 Summary It is so short and jumbled and jangled … because there is nothing intelligent to say about a massacre. Vonnegut writes in his own voice, introducing his experience of the firebombing of Dresden, in eastern Germany, during World War II while he was a prisoner of war and his attempt for many years to complete a book on the subject. He begins with the claim that most of what follows is true, particularly the parts about war. With funding from the Guggenheim Fou
The Second World War Essay Questions The Second World War Essay Questions 1. What factors helped the Nazis and Adolf Hitler come to power in Germany? -The factors that helped the Nazis and Adolf Hitler come to power in Germany were one, after the war Germany could not repay its debt to the allies and sunk into a depression, two, Adolf Hitler told the Germans that he could fix their economy. By 1934, Adolf Hitler was named the German chancellor and the Nazi had become the nation’s largest party. 2. Explain Hitler’s belief on race a
Anti-War MovementsAnti-War Movements The oral records of the anti-war protests, tells us that the experiences of the anti-war movements was deeply enshrined in political ideologies, however greatly varied with the society in which the protesters lived in. It must be acknowledged that the experience of the Australian anti-war movement was much ‘less profound’ than it was in America, and to understand this topic, this point must be accepted. Curthoys recognizes, accepts, and explains this point in her text. Anne Cu
Eleanor RooseveltEleanor Roosevelt Eleanor Roosevelt was a social activist, United States representative to the United Nations, and wife of 32nd U.S. president Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Eleanor Roosevelt had an active public career before and during her marriage and continued to maintain this after her husband’s death. Unlike any prior first lady, she held regular news conferences, wrote a daily newspaper column, represented the president and nation on foreign and domestic trips, and spoke out on a broad range
Final History ExamFinal History Exam 1.List the reasons the US got involved in World War I: The Germans ignored Wilsons calls for peace, resumed unrestricted submarine warfare, announcing that their U-boats would sink all ships in British waters - hostile or neutral - on sight. Then the German foreign minister sent a telegram, nicknamed the Zimmermann note to the German ambassador in Mexico. This telegram proposed an alliance between Mexico Germany promised that if the war with the US broke out, Germany would sup
MODERN HISTORY ASSESSMENT TASK 1MODERN HISTORY ASSESSMENT TASK #1 (i) Explain the different aims of the three leaders, Clemenceau, Lloyd-George and Wilson at the Paris Peace Conference after WW1. The 18th of January 1919, is a stand-still moment in History as 75% of the world’s leaders came together and prepared to discuss a single topic, the situation of the post-war world. With the exclusion of the defeated states, there was a total of 32 Leaders that attended the Paris Peace Conference. Whilst there was a large majority of
The Nazi PartyThe Nazi Party History Describe and explain the electoral fortress if the NSDAP between 1924 and 1928 In 1928, Germany had an election the NSDAP (the Nazi party) did poorly. They had 810,000 votes out of 40 million voters. That is only 2.6 per cent of all the votes, which gave them 12 seats in parliament. They did so badly that people did not see Hitler as a threat no more. Therefore, they lifted the ban on him, now he could give speeches wherever he likes. The result was a surprise to all the o
Pearl HarborPearl Harbor In one of the biggest losses in American history, Pearl Harbor still stands for the sudden and deliberate attack the Japanese made on the Island of Oahu in Hawaii on December 7th 1941. Everyone still remembers this day in history as the only surprise attack on the United States. How come this attack came without any knowledge to the U.S? Was there any information regarding the involvement of a Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor? One of the main questions; was the information deliberate
League of NationsLeague of Nations The League of Nations was an international organization created after the First World War. The Covenant establishing the League was part of the Treaty of Versailles. The aims of the League were to promote international co-operation and to achieve international peace and security. The League of Nations was an association of states which had pledged themselves, through signing the Covenant not to go to war before submitting their disputes with each other, or states not members of
THE CREATION OF ISRAEL 1945 1948 Mr WatsonTHE CREATION OF ISRAEL 1945 – 1948 (Mr Watson) Yr 11 Modern History Assessment – Research Essay Term 1 The Jews were awarded their own state after a series of major events. These events are the ones that left many countries pending on what the right or best decision was. Should the land be awarded because of religious reasons or historical facts and events? There are three main arguments that decided the Jews became the State of Israel. These are: Zionism, the Holocaust and the Balfour Declarati
Italian Economy in 1924-1936Italian Economy in 1924-1936 Mussolini was famous for his claims of a planned economy, and social harmony in Italy. Fascism was also claimed to be an ideology of change, and dynamism. However Mussolini’s Italy had few economic successes between 1924 - 1936, and it remained without a developed industrial base, an issue fundamentally ignored by Mussolini. Mussolini did not actually aim for development, and economic growth, rather an economy which would increase his personal power and help maintain