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WORLD WAR 1 ESSAY TEST
Violence, threat, revenge, or murders can be seen as some of the problems which can possible affect a nation or even an entire country. From these "small" conflicts, a situations which troubles several countries can get at its worst height. We could say that "wars are caused by the miscalculation of the aggressor and the failure of politicians and diplomats to exercise crisis management."
This statement can be supported by effects that caused, and that made WW1. Terrorists want to kill for some kind of reason, may it be for pleasure, but in Serbia's case to demonstrate a way of revenge and to alarm Austria Hungary. They year was 1914 when Prince Franz Ferdinand of Austria Hungary was assassinated. This news breaking even alarmed the Keiser Wilhelm of Germany, since he was a good friend of him, and he also supported the idea of the Prince's future marriage to a lovely woman. Austria Hungary then asked for help form Germany in order to come to a solution to this event. In order to do so, Germany gives this support to its allie (Austria Hungary). Unfortunately, it was never expected that such a support would bring such terrible effects.
The Keiser had given full support to Austria Hungary, in other words, the Keiser gave Austria Hungary a "blank check." With this blank check, Austria Hungary thought, they would have full military, economical, and political support. But why did the Keiser give such a support to Austria Hungary? One of the main reasons is because the Keiser thought it was a total lack of respect to the monarchical regency. Now one more country, Germany joins into a great conflict.
Austria Hungary's immense fear and anger of the situation, leads the country's foreign minister to give Serbia a 48 hour response to the ultimatum sent some days later after the assassination. It is said that the foreign minister had sent this ultimatum without the permission or knowledge of Francis Joseph, the emperor. But Serbia didn't want more conflict other than just killing the Prince, even so, Austria Hungary never expected a local war with Serbia. Serbia gets astonished with the harsh ultimatum's demands; "it demanded for the dissolution of Serbian nationalist groups, the dismissal of key military officers, the arrest of leading political figures, and the right for Austria Hungary to implement these measures to her complete satisfaction" (Stoessinger 7). The response was given just a few minutes before the deadline. Austria Hungary receives the message in reply to the diplomatic demands, but it did not satisfy them; partial mobilization was then ordered. Serbia now opposes to this threat by asking for help from its ally, Russia. The cities of Belgrade and Sarajevo were later bombarded.
Past ethnic relationships with Serbia, causes Russia to want to take control fo the situation. The country didn't want to get more humiliated than when they already were in the war with the Japanese several years before. The Czar of Russia allows himself to say its opinion in response to Austria Hungary's actions: "One does not send such an except when the cannons are loaded", in other words he says that one does not send such an ultimatum without knowing the consequences.
Russia then decides to mobilize; it was the first nation to fully mobilize in this event. But Russia didn't take the first step in this conflict; WW1, we could say, began with the assassination of the Prince Franz Ferdinand. The Czar, and other important political and diplomatic people decide to send all their troops to its borders. Russia didn't want to take the risk of allowing Germany to enter their territory. Keiser Wilhelm decides to move into action, while he reflects on the Nibelungen. This was a special term for his pledge to Austria; peopled with heroes who believed and acted upon three words: courage, honor and loyalty. This unbreakable pledge forces Germany to mobilize.
Does loyalty affect others? Indeed, France joins this World situation which in fact makes France get help from its ally, England. France was being invaded by Germany and at the meantime it had a confrontation between a statesman and a general. France was "haunted by the fear that war might erupt by accident" (Stoessinger 20), thus, it decides to mobilize. The army then decides to
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