What role did woman play during the American Revolution
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What role did woman play during the American Revolution?
During the American Revolution, woman often served as secret agents, or
accompanied troops as cooks, medics, laundresses, and guides. Some also fought in
combat. In 1782 Deborah Sampson dressed in mens clothing, borrowed the name of her
brother Robert, and joined the Continental Army. She knew she could fight as well as a
man, but because she was a woman. permit her to join. Still, she fought in many battles
and was wounded twice. Woman also had other jobs. With the men away on the battle
field, many woman took on the responsibility of running the family farms and businesses.
Other woman followed there husbands to the army camps. There they cooked sewed,
carried ammunition, or served as nurses. Deborah Sampson wasent the only woman to
fight in battle, Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley spent seven years at her husbands side in
battle. The soldiers called her "Molly of the Pitcher," or Molly Pitcher because she
carried water pitchers to the soldiers
Not all woman fought in the war or ran the family business. Some
supported there war effort by making soap, gathering rags for bandages, and making
coats and shirts to help keep the soldiers warm through the winter. Because of the
shortage of metal, many woman melted down there pewter pitchers and cups for bullets.
During the Mew Jersey Battle of Monmouth in 1778, Mary Ludwig Hays
McCauley's husband was wounded. She took his place on the battlefield, operating the
cannon and fireing at the British. The American Government recognized her valiant
service for more than forty years later and granted her $50 per year pension, or payment
for the military service she had performed. One year she died.
Woman played other roles, as well. Lydia Darragh worked as a spy for the
Continental army. Mercy Otis Warren helped the war effort by writing newspaper articles
in support of the Revolution. If I was a woman back then I think I would of had to stay
home and take care of the farm and the house. I probably would not be able to last that
long because being a woman during that time period sounded like a whole lot of work.
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Women in the American Revolution, Molly Pitcher, Deborah Sampson, Battle of Monmouth, Pitcher, Lydia Darragh, Hays, American Revolution, Daughters of Liberty
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