Technologies' place in society has increased dramatically since the industrial revolution era. The public's view of technology has been one of positivism, meaning that science(technology) leads to progress and that progress, in return, is positive. Those countries which enjoy such technologies have formed ethnocentric ideals about themselves, which has led to their efforts in industrializing the rest of the world. In this process, cultures and traditions are being dismissed as backwards, so that industrialized countries can move in and take control. Anthropologist John H. Bodley, in his book Victims in Progress, relates how technological societies are in fact destroying, rather than advancing our world. Using tribal civilizations who had survived thousands of years only to be wiped out by technology, Bodley demonstrates the negative backlash that unregulated science can have.
Industrialization societies are portrayed as being able to support all of their citizens and more, when in fact, nothing could be further from the truth. The reason that societies aid "undeveloped" countries is to gain access to their resources. Technological cultures are ones of mass consumption. As we have learned over the past few decades, are resources are limited and must be conserved properly. Tribal societies are a shining example of how to manage these resources, because they only use and eat what they need without wasting valuable resources. To demonstrate let us examine Bodley's study of the Maori tribe. The Maori tribe, settled in New Zealand during the age of expansion, allowed and even aided settlers in colonizing on the island. As the number of white settlers grew, they began to seek and take more and more land from the Maori tribe. When the Maori tribe began to resist, the colonizing governments rationalized that they were interfering with industrial and commercial progress and declared war.