Ulysses S. Grant was a heroic figure for many reasons. He was a great leader of the Union forces during the Civil War. He won many battles and held the Union together. His presidential years also had positive outcomes of the future of the United States.
Grantís life was a long and interesting one. He was born at Point Pleasant, OH on April 27, 1822 (World Book CD-ROM, 1995). He was the son of Hannah Simpson and Jesse Grant (World Book CD-ROM, 1995). After he got out of school he went to West Point Military Academy and graduated 21st in his class of 39 in 1843 (Encarta, 1995). After graduating West Point he then was promoted to the Army. Grant was assigned to Jefferson Barracks, MO (World Book CD-ROM, 1995). There he met Julia Dent and married a few months later (Encarta, 1995). They had a family of four children and moved to St. Louis. Grant built a cabin named Hardscrabble on his farm now known as Grantís Farm in Grantwood, St. Louis. Ulysses S. Grant died on July 23, 1885 after battling throat cancer for several months (World Book CD-ROM, 1995). His wife Julia Grant died in 1902 and was buried with Ulysses S. Grant at the Grant National Memorial in New York City (World Book CD-ROM, 1995).
Being stationed at Jefferson Barracks, MO marked his leadership and career in the Army and his role he played in the Civil War. In 1854 Grant

resigned from the army and moved to his cabin with his family. Disaster struck
and the price of crops dropped dramatically. Grantís farm was mainly crops and
he lost all his crops in the price change and lost tons of money (Encarta, 1995). Since no one was buying crops there wasnít anymore income for his family. Grant heard about a meeting that was being held to talk about the war. President Lincoln attended and liked Grantís comments and enthusiasm and asked him to rejoin the Union forces (WWW Page, 1994). Grant had no other choice but to join since he didnít have any other way of making money.
Grantís regiment went to Louisiana in 1844 and to Texas in 1845 (Encarta, 1995). He was in an area claimed by both Mexico and the United states when the Mexican War started in 1846 (World Book CD-ROM, 1995). Grant became regimental quartermaster and in charge of supplies. In 1847 Grant took part in the capture of Mexico City and won praise and promotions for his skills (WWW Page, 1994). Grant was appointed Colonel by the Illinois volunteers in 1861 shortly after the Civil War broke out (World Book CD-ROM, 1995).
Grant was 39 when the war started and he led his troops into the battle of Shiloh. Grant defeated and captured the confederate troops there. The battle of Shiloh was the mark of the downfall of the confederate army (WWW Page, 1994). After the battle of Shiloh Grant led his troops into a very long siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi. Vicksburg was the key to the Mississippi River and couldnít be taken by the confederate troops, so Grant had to take action (WWW Page, 1994). The battle

of Vicksburg started in December of 1862 and ended on July 4, 1863. Grant won the battle of Vicksburg and saved the Mississippi River and Grant declared a
unconditional surrender on the confederate troops (World Book CD-ROM, 1995). Grant then got the nickname "unconditional surrender." Ulysses S. Grant wrote a letter to president Lincoln asking for a promotion and permission to invade Fort Henry, the key to open the Kentucky and Tennessee territory (World Book CD-ROM, 1995). Lincoln looked at all of Grantís accomplishments and said, "They were very exceptional and showed his great leadership (WWW Page, 1994)." Lincoln gave permission to invade Fort Henry and on April 6, 1862, Grant then led his troops into battle at Fort Henry, Mississippi. After two days battling the confederate troops Grantís troops defeated them and won another victory for the Union on April 7, 1862 (World Book CD-ROM, 1995). On March 9, 1864 Ulysses S. Grant was appointed Commander of all the Union forces (WWW Page, 1994). Grant was preparing for his final battle of the Civil War at Fort Stedman. On the same day,