Ukraine
LAND
Ukraine's size is about 233,000 sq. miles. It is located to the north of the Black Sea. It is bordered by Romania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Poland. Most of the land is flat. The only uplands are the Carpathian Mountains, located in the southwest part of the country, and the Crimean Mountains, located along the southern coast. The climate of Ukraine is temperate and subtropical.

PEOPLE
Ukraine has a population of about 52 million people. This represents 18% of the population of the former Soviet Union. The birth rate of this country is 14/1,000 and the death rate is 12/1,000. The infant mortality rate is 22 for every 1,000 babies born. The life expectancy for males is age 65 and for females the age is 75.

LANGUAGE
The native language of Ukraine is Ukrainian. This language is a mixture of both the Russian language and the Polish language. Russian is also widely spoken, with about 88% of the people speaking these languages.

RELIGION
Religion is a broad area because there are a lot of different religions practiced in Ukraine. Most believers are Orthodox Christians. There is also a large Eastern-rite Catholic population in the western part of the country. Protestant, Judaic, and Moslem religions are also practiced. The major churches are the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church the Ukrainian Catholic Church, the Ukrainian Baptist Church, and the Ukrainian Evangelical Alliance.

EDUCATION
In Ukraine, all citizens are guaranteed an equal opportunity for a free education. There are 22,300 general education schools in the whole country. There are also 778 schools for higher learning. The literacy rate for males is 100% and for females this number is 98%.

FOOD
Ukrainian food is closely related to the customs of the Ukrainian people. It is famous for its diversity and quality of flavor. Ukrainian people like soups and dairy products. The most popular Ukrainian meal is “borshch” which is renowned worldwide. It is a thick soup, which includes mushrooms, beans, meat, and prunes. Stuffed cabbage is also a favorite meal.

HOLIDAYS
Many holidays are celebrated during periods of transition from one type of agricultural activity to another. Easter is celebrated in spring, which is a time of warmth and rebirth. The “Ascension Day” is celebrated on the 40th day after Easter. It is tradition for people to go out to check the progress of wheat during this time. The Trinity is celebrated in summer. Ukrainian people decorate their houses with tree branches and fragrant herbs during this time. Another summer holiday is known as Saint Kupala, which is celebrated on July 7th. This is a day where fire and water, symbols of cleansing, are celebrated. Everyone is immersed in water on this day. St. Illia Day, August 2, marks the first day of autumn. Ukrainian Christmas Festivities are celebrated with a puppet theater. Everyone dresses in costumes and walks from house to house enacting the nativity and singing about the birth of Christ.

DRESS
Traditional dress in Ukraine shows a high degree of sophistication, elegance, and artistry. Components of Ukrainian dress are universal. These include skirts, shirts, and a sleeveless jacket or vest. Shirts are generally long-sleeved and go down to a person’s ankles or knees. Women’s clothing is more elaborate then men’s.







ECONOMY
Ukraine has many characteristics that could make it a major European economy. It has rich farmlands, a well-developed industrial base, trained labor, and a good education system. Presently, the country’s economy is in poor condition. The standard of living for many people has declined 50% in the last ten years. Demand for much of Ukraine’s products has dropped.

ARCHITECTURE



These are all examples of buildings which are located in the capital city of Kiev.

MUSIC
Following, are the words to the Ukrainian National Anthem:
Ukraine is Not Yet Dead
Ukraine is not yet dead, nor its glory and freedom,
Luck will still smile on us brother-Ukrainians.
Our enemies will die, as the dew does in the sunshine,
and we, too, brothers, we'll live happily in our land.
We'll not spare either our souls or bodies to get freedom
and we'll prove that we brothers are of Kozak kin.
We'll rise up, brothers, all of us, from the Sain to the Don,
We won't let anyone govern in out motherland.
The Black Sea will smile yet, grandfather Dnipro will rejoice,
Yet in our Ukraine luck will be high.
Our persistence, our sincere toil will prove its rightness,
still