To uphold the law through the investigation of violations of
federal
criminal law; to protect the U.S. from foreign intelligence
and
terrorist activities; to provide leadership and law
enforcement
assistance to federal, state, local, and international
agencies; and to
perform these responsibilities in a manner that is
responsive to the
needs of the public and is faithful to the constitution of
the U.S.:
this is the mission of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
<p>

The agency now known as the Federal Bureau of
Investigation was founded
in 1908 when the Attorney General appointed an unnamed force
of Special
Agents to be the investigative force of the Department of
Justice
(DOJ). Before that time, the DOJ had to borrow Agents from
the U.S.
Secret Service to investigate violations of federal criminal
laws within
its jurisdiction. In 1909, the Special Agent Force was
renamed the
Bureau of Investigation, and after a series of name changes,
it received
its present official name in 1935.
<p>
During the early period of the FBIs history, its agents
investigated
violations of mainly bankruptcy frauds, antitrust crime, and
neutrality
violation. During World War One, the Bureau was given the
responsibility of investigating espionage, sabotage,
sedition
(resistance against lawful authority), and draft violations.
The
passage of the National Motor Vehicle Theft Act in 1919
further
broadened the Bureau\'s jurisdiction.
<p> After the passage of Prohibition in 1920, the gangster
era began,
bringing about a whole new type of crime. Criminals engaged
in
kidnapping and bank robbery, which were not federal crimes
at that
time. This changed in 1932 with the passage of a federal
kidnapping
statute. In 1934, many other federal criminal statutes were
passed, and
Congress gave Special Agents the authority to make arrests
and to carry
firearms.
<p> The FBIs size and jurisdiction during the second World
War increased
greatly and included intelligence matters in South America.
With the
end of that war, and the arrival of the Atomic Age, the FBI
began
conducting background security investigations for the White
House and
other government agencies, as well as probes into internal
security
matters for the executive branch of the government.
<p> In the 1960s, civil rights and organized crime became
major concerns
of the FBI, and counterterrorism, drugs, financial crime,
and violent
crimes in the 1970s. These are still the major concerns of
the FBI,
only now it is to a greater extent..
<p>With all of this responsibility, it is logical to
say that the FBI is a
field-oriented organization. They have nine divisions and
four offices
at FBI Headquarters in Washington, D.C. These divisions and
offices
provide direction and support services to 56 field offices
and
approximately 10,100 Special Agents and 13,700 other
employees. Each
FBI field office is overseen by a Special Agent in Charge,
except for
those located in New York City and Washington, D.C. Due to
their large
size, those offices are each managed by an Assistant
Director in Charge.
<p> FBI field offices conduct their official business both
directly from
their headquarters and through approximately 400 satellite
offices,
known as resident agencies. The FBI also operates
specialized field
installations: two Regional Computer Support Centers; one
in Pocatello,
Idaho, and one in Fort Monmouth, New Jersey -- and two
Information
technology Centers (ITCs); one at Butte, Montana, and one at
Savannah,
Georgia. The ITCs provide information services to support
field
investigative and administrative operations.
<p> Because they do have so much responsibility, their
investigative
authority is the broadest of all federal law enforcement
agencies. The
FBI also stresses long term, complex investigation,
emphasize close
relations and information sharing with other federal,
state, local, and
foreign law enforcement and intelligence agencies. A
significant number
of FBI investigations are conducted with other law
enforcement agencies
or as part of joint task forces.
<p>
As part of this process, the FBI has divided its
investigations into
the following programs:
<p><i><h5> Applicant Program
Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory
Commission Applicants
Department of justice Candidates
FBI Special Agents and Support Applicants
and others
<p>
Civil Rights Program

Civil Rights Act of 1964
Discrimination in Housing
Equal Credit Opportunity Act
<p>
Counterterrorism Program

Hostage taking
Sabotage
Attempted of Actual Bombings
and others
<p>
Financial Crime Program

Bank Fraud and Embezzlement
Environmental Crimes
Fraud Against the Government
and others
<p>
Foreign Counterintelligence Programs

Espionage
Foreign Counterintelligence Matters
<p>
Organized Crime/Drug Program

Drug Matters
Money Laundering
Organized Crime/Drug Enforcement Task Force
Matters
and others
<p>
Violent Crimes and Major Offenders Program

Theft of Government Property
Crime Aboard Aircraft
Kidnapping - Extortion
and others</h5></i>
<p>
These programs cover most everything that the FBI
investigates, and
some individual cases in a program often receives extensive
investigative attention because of their size, potential
impact, or
sensitivity.<p>
Because FBI Special Agents are responsible for
handling so many
different things, they have to go through rigorous training
in the
following areas: Academics, Firearms, Physical
Training/Defense Tactics,
and Practical Exercises. Within these four major areas are
components
like interviewing techniques, communications, computer
skills, and drug
investigations. Altogether there are 15 components in the
four areas I
listed previously. They receive all of this training at the
FBI academy
in Quantico, Virginia and must complete 645 hours (15 weeks)
of
instruction before they graduate.<p>
The training