Throughout history, man has relied on his brother man. A necessary line of communication has always facilitated mansí maturation process. One expands the facets of relationships by talking with others and actively participating in society. Through this communication, he cultivates his views on life and develops a more balanced view of the world. When man faces isolation, whether it is spiritual, physical, or emotional, his capacity for self-growth is limited. The ties with his fellow man are what cultivate his experiences in life and give him that balanced perspective. Many 19th century authors employed the brotherhood of man into their works. Among these Hawthorne, Melville, and Crane utilize the brotherhood of man technique to prove a point about humanity. Participation in the brotherhood of man is imperative for individual and collective well being.
. The element of camaraderie and togetherness expedites self-growth. In The Open Boat by Crane, the four members of the dingy look to shore for rescue but nobody acknowledges them. They become victims of circumstance and must pool together to overcome natureís furry. As a functioning unit, they talk to one an other and act in a polite, courteous manner. They take turns ding the dreaded rowing job and never disrespect one an other. Survival was very important to these members of the dinghy and they looked to achieve it by the participation in the brotherhood and human interaction. They could have wallowed in their own misery and blamed one another but they didnít. All of them have aching backs but they put that aside at the expense of the groups well being. They experienced the kind of camaraderie and relationship that man can really only hope for; one based on mutual respect and genuine concern. Finally, they are coerced to jump into the sea and swim to shore because they are all too exhausted to continue rowing. All four members flee the dingy, Billie goes off by himself and the other three stick together. In the end, Billie drowns because he abandoned his micro-brotherhood while the three others make it to shore safely. Crane uses Billie as a means of illustrating the importance of camaraderie. Billie fled the brotherhood of man and therefore died. In The Man of Adamant by Hawthorne, Richard Digby is visited by an old love named Mary Goffe. She has come to save Richard from his deleterious lifestyle. He rejects her presence, claiming she is tainting his existence, and argues that she should leave. Hawthorne intends to show how truly sad it is that Richard canít even open his heart to an old love and communicate with her. He is depriving himself of a rich lifestyle full of communication, empathy, compassion, happiness, and love. His physical, spiritual, and emotion separation from society block his heart form seeing the truth, the absolute need for companions. He canít grow as an individual and therefore canít expand the parameters of his thinking. Digby suffers from a disease of cut off circulation to the heart. Hawthorne uses this metaphorical technique to evince Digbyís absence from mankind. His soul is so badly damaged from extensive religious fanaticism that he canít optimize his experience on Earth. In The Ministerís Black Veil, Mr. Hooper must make a critical decision. His fiancťe wants him to take off his veil one last time before they wed. Mr. Hooper defends his veil, stating it is only earthly and she should stay with him now in order to be truly connected in the next life. Again, Hawthorne illustrates what a shame it is that some men donít live for the present. He has a perfect opportunity to share a special relationship with a loved one and yet he can'í help but adhere to his perceived function as a minister with a physical barrier. The veil may only be a piece of cloth, yet it represents isolation in all forms. He canít expect to grow as an individual with such a physical hindrance. He is the subject of the townspeopleís ridicule and mockery because of the black crape. More importantly, he canít even come to an understanding with his fiancťe, his soul mate. As history has shown, isolation hinders self-growth. Blacks endured such isolation for the better half of the 20th century