This paper will examine the argument for community systems of care
collaborating in order to prevent juvenile delinquency. The literature
regarding the need for such cooperation and the benefit of such arrangements
will be explored. Further, the components of successful programs will be
identified.
To prevent delinquency before it occurs, we must start with the
community as a whole. The community being family, education (schools),
police, church, and peers. The family must support the child from day one
(with food, housing, income, and employment) (Schorr 257). The child must
be able to count on their family for the first eighteen years of their life. If the
child can not find support from their family they will go else where to get the
support that they deserve (schorr 27). The family is there from the childs’
birth, thats i why it is so important for the family to get the kid started off on
the right foot.
School is where the juvenile must learn what the laws are, and how it
effects them when they break them. For example, say a student gets into a
fight at school, out-of-school suspension is the most widely administered
form of school discipline. Suspensions are intended to send a strong message
that violence will not be tolerated. Although standard practice, the use of
out-of-school suspensioins for violence can be questioned (Dupper & Bosch,
1996). First, suspensions often does not deter future violence as many
students are repeatedly suspended for fighting. Secondly, there are serious
negative consequences for the suspended student. Students suspended from
school are often performing poorly academically. They really can not afford
to be away or miss class. The cycle of fighting, suspension and failure,
therefore, often ends up in school dropout or expulsion. What really should
happen instead of suspensions, there should be programs that would teach
conflict resolution skills, not only to the violent student but also to the family,
and this would give the student a stinger bond to the school.
The police are there not only to protect but also to enforce the laws.
the probability that a youth will be confined before the age of eighteen is one
in sixty-four for white males and one in thirteen for afican-american males
(Shepard, 1995). Young people need to know that if they break the law they
will be held accountable for their actions. What the police need to do is put
more emphasis on their programs such as D.A.R.E. To teach the children
while they are still young, that drugs are bad and also how to be good model
citizens. I believe that the police should put some cops on the streets to get to
know the kids who have the potential to be delinquents. To build not only a
little friendship but so the child could have some trust in the law.
Children also must have spiritual needs, and this is where the church
comes in. The child must know that s the church is there for them that there
is a god. So it gives them hope for a better day tomorrow. The problem that
happens here is that the child can not get to the church themselves. So the
childs parents would have to bring the child for at least the beginning of their
life. The church should also have more recreation activities. To keep the
kids in the house of god instead of the streets.
To prevent delinquency there first must be a system, and this system
must follow strict guidelines. For the system to work it must be built by these
certain measures: crossing traditional professional and bureaucratic
boundaries, flexible, the child in the context of family and the family in the
context of its surroundings, the people in the system must have respect, be
trustworthy and care for the juvenile, also the systems should be easy to use,
and last but not least the professionals in the system are able to redefine their
roles (schorr 257).
Crossing traditional boundaries basically means that instead of people
of the community not working with the school and vice versa. They all need
to work together. There can’t be any fighting, for example, one person says
well I have a Ph.D. and you only have a masters. Also another problem that
arises is that the confidentiality because they are juveniles.
Being flexible means that the professionals are able to exercise
discretion about meeting individual needs. They must be able to make a
home visit at least three times a week and only one the first month (Schorr
257).
The child in the context of family and the family in