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Some say that the Civil War ended at Appomattox Courthouse when General Lee surrendered to the Union. But I think that the Civil War ended after 27 states, including eight from the South came to together to put the final end to slavery in the United States of America.
After two endless years of bloody battles, remorseful surrenders foolish mistakes, and lost loved ones the main purpose for all this regret was fulfilled. Finally, after so much sorrow that was caused by a war against itself, Americans were proud to say they were void of "involuntary servitude".
It was the Thirteenth Amendment that caused the freeing of millions and millions of enslaved people from the South. The amendment was passed in the Senate on January 8,1865. It was passed by the House on January 31,1865. It was finally ratified on December 6th, 1865. The Amendment states two crucial statements.
1.) Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
2.) Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
The freeing of slaves had a great impact on all the people of America. Slaves were released and rejoiced-sometimes evening by reconnected with family. Rich Southern farmers lost their hive bees. No longer could they farm their acres and acres of cotton fields. They lost money. Abolitionists in the North rejoiced that what they had been working for, for soling finally had happened. With the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment it closed the door on the Civil War era.
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Slavery, Economic history of the United States, Reconstruction Era, Penal labor in the United States, Debt bondage, Involuntary servitude, Abolitionism, Slavery in the United States, Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Hodges v. United States
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