Thesis: Morality can mean different things to different people and itís almost never set into stone
in the minds of people. In various situations the moral thing might not be the best thing to do.
This is demonstrated in Before And After a novel by Rosellen Brown.

Paragraph One:

-Carolynís views on what to do about Jacob
-Compare to Socratesí view on community over self
-Carolyn on how the Taverners must feel and how Jacob is guilty

Paragraph Two:

-Benís views on what to do about Jacob
-Should they go with the lying and make Jacob live with the guilt or should he side with Carolyn
and take the consequences of the action.
-Not caring about the risks as long as his son is saved.

Paragraph Three:

-Jacobís siding with Benís idea to lie and save himself
-Jacob also thinking about Martha and the Taverners and what they must have to go through after
this ordeal.
-Thinking about how it didnít even feel like he was the one who killed Martha, like it was
somebody else entirely.
-In a state of denial/shock throughout the entire book; isolating himself in the beginning of the

Paragraph Four:

-Judithís taking the side of Carolyn not believing her brother could do such a thing and her
secretly knowing a side of Jacob that nobody else knew.
-Judithís thinking that Jacob should really pay for his actions.
-Thinking to herself if she ever really even knew her brother.
-Judithís trying to understand what Martha felt and what it wouldíve been like for her; makes her
-Judith feeling left out of everything and thinking her parents didnít really care for her opinion on
the entire thing.


-What Ben did for his son was the key moral event in this story.
-Carolyn thought it was an immoral decision but in the end it didnít really matter because they
didnít have enough evidence or witnesses to convict him anyway.
-Because of the situation the moral thing maybe wasnít the most righteous thing to do but in this
case it was the right thing to do.
-Jacob was their son and they shouldíve gone to every extent to save him.